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1. adrīgh adv.

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Only in the phrases: drauen (oneself) adrigh, go away or aside, withdraw (?orig., go to a suitable or safe distance); holden (oneself) adrigh, stay away.

2. ai adv.

97 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
Of continous actions or states: (a) all the time, always, constantly, unceasingly; (b) eternally, forever.

3. ain num.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
One; mani ain, many a one.

4. alder n.(1)

18 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Alder (Alnus glutinosa); alder tre; (b) alder kerre, alder kyr, alder was, alder swamp; alder shawe, alder thicket.

5. alīche adv.

13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Of mode: in the same manner, similarly; without distinction; (b) of degree or extent: equally.

6. almes-gern adj.

Additional spellings: almesgern
4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Eager to give alms, charitable, benevolent.

7. almes(se n.

Additional spellings: almesse
144 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Anything given to relieve those in poverty or distress, any charitable gift or offering, alms; an allotment of alms; eten almes, be dependent on alms; gan on almes, liven bi, of almes, live on…

8. amboht n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Handmaid, bondwoman.

9. amis adv.

75 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of the actions of persons: in a wrong or mistaken manner; gon, faren amis, go astray, go wrong; leden, turnen amis, mislead; speden amis, fare badly; feren amis, be ill; sheten amis, miss the…

10. anclẹ̄ n.

21 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The ankle; ankle bone, esp. the inner projection [quots. c1150, c1440]; innermore ancle; utward ancle, outer projection of the ankle; (b) ancle bon, ankle bone; utter ancle, outer projection of…

11. ā̆nge adj. & n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) As pred. adj.: him was ange, he was vexed; dide hem ange, it troubled them; (b) as noun: vexation, trouble; pain.

12. anlē̆t n.

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Face; (b) forehead; (c) appearance, looks; image.

13. āre dawes n. (plural)

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Only in bi are dawes, in days of yore, long ago.

14. arudden v.

10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To rid (sb. of danger, an enemy), rescue, save; (b) to free (sb.), liberate (a city).

15. arwe n.

84 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) An arrow [a slender wooden shaft, with metal point of various design, usually feathered at the butt, and shot from a bow; cp. quarrel bolt, shot from a crossbow]; brod arwe, hoked arwe, an arrow…

16. assh(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: asshe
38 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The European ash (Fraxinus excelsior); also, any of certain related or similar trees; oil of assh; sho assh, 'female' ash; (b) in surnames.

17. atlen, -ien v.

Additional spellings: atlien
38 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To intend or plan (to do sth.); -- intr. or refl.; (b) seek or plan (sth.).

18. āvel n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Strength.

19. axel n.(2)

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The bar or shaft on which the wheels of a cart turn, an axle; (b) axel man, workman who makes axles or fits them to the wheels; axel nail, a nail or pin used to hold a wheel on an axle.

20. ayẹ̄n adv.

155 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Back or away from something; to the rear, back, backwards; drawen ayen, ten ayen, draw back, withdraw; holden ayen, hold back, check, restrain; putten ayen, set or thrust back or away; turnen

21. baiten v.

38 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To bait (an animal) with an attacking or herding dog; specif., to bait (a tied or confined bear, bull, or badger) in sport; (b) of a dog: to set on (an animal or person); perh. [quot.: a1375] to…

22. bal n.

76 quotations in 10 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A round body; sphere, globe, orb; turnen as a bal, to turn as does Fortune's ball; (b) the orb borne together with a scepter as an emblem of sovereignty; (c) a rounded protuberance or boss for…

23. bāl(e n.(2)

Additional spellings: bale
14 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A blazing fire, esp. one for burning victims or corpses; also, hell-fire; bale-fir.

24. balk(e n.

Additional spellings: balke
39 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A ridge or mound; the mound of a grave; an archery butt; (b) fig. an obstruction or obstacle.

25. bāne n.

34 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) One who destroys life; slayer, murderer [see dedbana, red bane]; (b) one who destroys the soul; soule(s bane.

26. bank(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: banke
50 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A natural ridge; (b) a height, hill, mountain; (c) a slope, a hill-side;(d) ?the crest of a wave.

27. bannen v.

50 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To summon (troops) by proclamation; assemble (a fighting force); bannen out; (b) to assemble (a fleet) for an attack; (c) to gather (arms), make ready; to man or make ready (a castle).

28. berien v.

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To beat (sb.), whip; (b) to thresh (grain); (c) to beat (a path); ppl. bered, trodden.

29. n.

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A dwelling; farm, village, town; bi-milne, town mill. [Common in place names and field names of the East Midland and the North (the Danelaw). See A. H. Smith PNElem. 1.66, & the thorp, by, tun map in…

30. bicche n.

30 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The female of the dog, a bitch; also, cur; bicche whelp, a female puppy; (b) the female of the wolf; wolf bicche.

31. big n.(1)

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Barley; big bern, barley barn; big rid(d)el, barley riddle or sieve (for bolting).

32. bī̆rding ger.(2)

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Covering the frame with boards.

33. biren v.

47 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
him (etc.) birth: (a) with respect to circumstances, destiny, etc.: he is constrained or compelled (to do or suffer sth.), he must; biren nede(s, he must of necessity (do sth.); biren dien, he must…

34. birth(e n.

Additional spellings: birthe
116 quotations in 9 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The act of giving birth, childbirth; birth bering; labour of birth; at on (a) birth, in one delivery; (b) birth in wombe, conception.

35. bisperren v.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To confine or enclose (as in a nunnery); lock up (as in a chest).

36. bī̆sten v.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To buffet (sb.), pummel, flog, beat; also without obj., of waves: to dash, rage.

37. bleik adj.

12 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Of complexion: pallid, sallow, pale; (b) whitish, white.

38. bleiken v.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To turn pale (as with fear); bleiken in blodi ble, blush; (b) to make (sb.) turn pale.

39. blē̆k n.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Ink; blek pot, inkhorn; (b) a black substance, ?tar; (c) a dark or somber mood.

40. blenchen v.

57 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To move suddenly or sharply; jerk, twist; flinch, wince, dodge; blenchen aside; blenchen low, duck; blenchen broues, raise (one's) eyebrows or eyelids; blenchen of slepe, wake up suddenly; (b) of…

41. blē̆nden v.(2)

37 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To mix or blend (two things or one thing with another); blenden samme, blenden togeder; blenden among, blenden with; (b) to intersperse; suffuse; (c) to penetrate (sth.); immerse (in sth.); engulf…

42. blēð adj. & n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Timid, apprehensive; as noun: fear.

43. blī̆chening ger.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Rust, blight, mildew (on grain).

44. bōle n.(1)

141 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A bull; fre bole, a bull free to roam with the herd [see Homans Eng.Villagers 61-3]; (b) a steer or bullock.

45. bọ̄n n.(2)

77 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The act of praying, or what one asks for in praying; a prayer; a favor asked for; bidden, don, maken, praien bon, address a prayer (to God), say a prayer, pray; asken, bidden bon, pray for…

46. bō̆nd(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: bonde
32 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A customary tenant (as distinct from a free-holder); a villager (villain) or farmer (husbandman) holding land under a lord in return for customary services, esp. plowing (cp. plough-man); specif…

47. bō̆rd n.

285 quotations in 9 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A board, a plank; stif as ani bord, stiff as a board; Estlond bord, board imported from Norway or the Baltic countries; oken (okes) bord, an oak board; wainscot bord; (b) coll. lumber, timber…

48. bōthe num. (as noun, adj., & conj.)

368 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
As noun: Two together, both; -- in various constructions: (a) alone; (b) the bothe, the two of them; (c) both here (theire) hedes, the heads of both of them; etc.; (d) here bother (baþre, bothe,

49. botme n.

96 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The lower part or side of something; base, foundation, bottom; the bed of a cart; also, the under side of a thing; (b) the bottom of the sea; the bed of a river or stream.

50. bǒugh n.

79 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A branch of a tree or bush; a main branch, a limb; also, a small branch or twig; (b) a branch of any kind of plant; a spray of an herb or shrub, a shoot, a branch of a vine, a palm frond; (c) a…

51. brand-reth n.

Additional spellings: brandreth
14 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A grate, gridiron, or trivet for supporting cooking utensils above a fire; (b) a gridiron for torture.

52. brant ppl. adj.

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Steep, high; brant up, straight up, erect; brant upright, perpendicular; (b) arched (eyebrows) [cp. OI bretta brȳrnar raise the eyebrows];(c) ?smooth (forehead); (d) in place names [see Smith PNE

53. brẹ̄ch n.

55 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The undergarment covering the lower part of the body; underpants, drawers, or tights; brech and sherte, sark and brek; (b) brech, brek, as pl.; a pare brech, a pair of breeches.

54. breid n.(1)

88 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A sudden or quick movement, such as a jerk, wrench, pull, start, jolt; (b) a rash or hasty act; a move; (c) an impassioned utterance, an outburst or outcry; (d) an unusual occurrence or event…

55. breithen v.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To rush.

56. brennen v.

345 quotations in 9 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To be consumed by fire; burn, burn down; brennen awai; of fire: burn; brennen up, flame up; brenning, on fire, fiery; (b) to destroy (sth.) with fire; put to the torch, reduce to ashes; brennen up

57. brest n.(2)

11 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Breaking; (b) an explosion, a loud noise.

58. bresten v.

175 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To be broken, fall apart, break, shatter; bresten atwo, bresten atwinne, bresten in peces, bresten in sunder; (b) to break (sth.), shatter, crush; break (one's arm); ppl. brosten, of grain or…

59. brẹ̄ven v.

34 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To commit (sth.) to writing, write down; breved in boke, recorded or recounted in writing; (b) to give a (written) account (of sth., sb.); (c) to extol (sb.).

60. brim n.(1)

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A body of water, such as the sea, a pool, spring, river.

61. brinie n.

37 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A coat of mail; corselet, cuirass, hauberk; brouden brinie; -- also pl. for sg.; (b) brinie hod, a coif of mail.

62. britten v.

13 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To mash; (b) to cut to pieces, dismember; (c) to shatter; demolish.

63. butte n.(4)

10 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The end of a spear or pike opposite the head, butt; (b) naut.?the end of a plank in a ship's side; ?also, one of the planks.

64. cæppe n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Warrior.

65. caiser n.

32 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
A Roman emperor, a Caesar; caiser of Rome.

66. cang adj. & n.

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Foolish; also, lewd, worthless, ?wicked; cang eien, lustful eyes; (b) a fool.

67. canter-cōpe n.

Additional spellings: cantercope
7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Eccl. A robe or cope worn by the choirmaster [L cantor] or some other priest during Mass.

68. cānunk n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A clergyman living under a rule of canons, a canon.

69. cart n.

180 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A cart, a wagon; also fig.; dong cart, [see dong n.(1), 5.]; fare cart, [see fare n. (1), 8.(b)]; iren-bounden cart, shod cart, a cart with wheels which are bound or reinforced with iron bands…

70. chaffā̆re n.

68 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
Trade in goods, buying and selling, commerce, bargaining; driven, usen chaffare, engage in trade, do business; chaffare of lesinges, dishonest trade or bargaining.

71. chēp n.

71 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Bargaining, dickering; (b) a (good) bargain or purchase; (c) price asked or offered; þurh non chep, at no price; for negard chep, because of niggardliness; (d) value set (upon a person)…

72. chīmb n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
The rim (of a barrel, formed by the joined ends of the staves).

73. chimbled ppl.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Wrapped up.

74. chirne n.

13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A churn (for making butter); chirne fat; chirne staf, the plunger of a churn.

75. clif n.(1)

70 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A precipitous face of rock, a cliff; a steep mountain; (b) a slope, declivity; a hill; (c) a large rock.

76. clīven v.

10 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To climb (steps, etc.); cliven up and doun; (b) fig. to climb (to perfection); cliven into (up) the hil of perfeccioun.

77. cod n.(1)

51 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A seed pod or capsule; husk, shell, skin; see also bene cod, pese cod; (b) cod-ware, vegetables that grow in pods, legume.

78. cōl n.(2)

116 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Charcoal, or a piece of it; wode and col(es; prob. also, fuel; -- sg. or pl.; (b) mineral coal [some late quots. in (a) may belong here].

79. crā n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A corner, nook.

80. crẹ̄pel n.

31 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A cripple;(b) ?a dwarf; (c) surname.

81. crẹ̄pen v.

148 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
To crawl like a snake or worm; ppl. cropen, crawled, having crawled, that has (have) crawled; icropen in drit, crawling in filth.

82. cringle n.

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
In place names only [see Smith PNElem. 2.7]: a circle, bend.

83. crọ̄k n.

109 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Any tool, implement, or utensil consisting of, or having as an important part, a curved piece of metal or hook, such as a grappling iron, a pot hook, a reaping hook or sickle, ?a hoe, ?a fork, a…

84. cros n.

250 quotations in 12 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A cross for crucifixion, a gibbet; (b) the cross of Christ; holi cros; Exaltacioun of the cros, a feast, Sept. 14; feste of the holi cros, feast of the Invention of the Cross, May 3; (c) winnen

85. cruk n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A pot or crock.

86. -cund suf.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
This suffix survives in Orm., supported by ON *-kund: god-cund divine, gram -cund angry, grim -cund fierce. Orm's name-cund 'famous' is an adaptation of ME name-cǒuþ (OE nam-cūþ).

87. daie n.

34 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A woman in charge of milking and making butter and cheese, a dairymaid; also, a woman who keeps cows and other farm stock; (b) as surname.

88. dam n.

22 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A dam; also, the bank (of a stream); (b) dam bord, a sluice gate.

89. Dānes n. (plural) Also singular

10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The Danes or Northmen; (b) in place names [see Smith PNElem. 1.127 & 129].

90. Dānish adj. & n.

27 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Danish or Norse; Danish ax, a kind of battle-ax; Danish lond, Denmark; Danish se, the North Sea; (b) a Dane or Northman; (c) the Danish language; (d) as surname.

91. dauen v.

48 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
To dawn, grow light; dauen clere, dauen light, dauen (to) dai; (a) with subj. it; (b) with subj. dai.

92. depthe n.

20 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Deep water, the sea; the primeval waters that preceded creation; also fig.; (b) the bottom of the sea; also fig.; (c) the innermost part, bottom of a wound or ulcer; fig. bottom (of the heart).

93. derth(e n.

Additional spellings: derthe
26 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A period of scarcity or high prices, a famine; derth of scarcite, a famine caused by scarcity; (b) derth of, a shortage of (sth.), lack, scarcity; high price of (sth.), expensiveness.

94. deuen v.

18 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To shed dew or rain; also fig.; (b) of dawn or daylight: to come with refreshing dew, bring relief.

95. dī̆ch(e n.

Additional spellings: diche
127 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) An excavated trench; a ditch for fencing an enclosure, marking a boundary, draining water, etc.; (b) fig. & prov. expressions: as water of dich, freely, unstintingly; commune as water in a dich

96. dile n.

12 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The plant dill (Anethum graveolens); also, its seed; (b) dile man, ?a seller of dill; dile sed, the seed of dill; (c) in place names [see Smith PNElem. 1.133].

97. dingen v.

76 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
To beat (sb.), scourge; also, overcome in fighting, defeat; intr. deal blows; of storms: beat upon (sb.).

98. dingle n.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A deep dell or hollow: (a) se dingle, a deep in the bed of the sea; (b) in names [see Smith PNElem. 1.133].

99. dirne n.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Doorjamb; (b) ouer-dorne, lintel of a doorframe [cp. OE ofer-dyre.]

100. dǒuve n.

73 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A pigeon or dove; also, a young pigeon or squab, esp. in the phr. turtle or douve; (b) the image of a dove; (c) as a term of endearment: darling; (d) flight (slight) of douves, a flock of pigeons…