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1. a indef. art.

229 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
Referring to an unspecified, or as yet unspecified, member of a class or representative of a type; -- (a) as the first unit in a noun phrase [the usual construction]; (b) before an adj. modifying a…

2. a- pref.(1), in verbs

4 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
In verbs inherited from OE:(a) From OE ā-: a-biden, a-breken, a-fallen, a-reren, a-risen, a-senden, a-waken, a-winnen, and many others. (b) From OE on-: a-biden (also an-biden), ppl. a-knoue(n (also…

3. abǒve(n adv.

Additional spellings: aboven
127 quotations in 10 senses
Sense / Definition
Directly over (but without touching or resting upon), overhead; in heaven; also fig. [quot. a1225].

4. ac conj.

95 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
Used between contrasting expressions: but, yet, however, nevertheless; -- (a) between clauses; (b) as an introductory expression.

5. āche n.(1)

20 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Pain, esp. continuous or deep-seated pain; aching, suffering; ache of hed, headache; toth ake; aches of love, the woes of love.

6. acheken v.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To choke, strangle, or suffocate (sb.); (b) to obstruct (sth.).

7. afọ̄n v.

65 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To receive (a gift, reward, etc.); also, accept; (b) to inherit (a kingdom), take possession of (land, an office, an abbey, etc.); (c) to receive (punishment, penance, etc.); suffer (a blow, a…

8. after- pref.

70 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
Verbal cpds.: (a) after- bending, the second bending, a bending back (of a bow); prob., the shaping process which gives the ends a curvature the reverse of that at the center; after- berende, bearing…

9. ai adv.

97 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
Of continous actions or states: (a) all the time, always, constantly, unceasingly; (b) eternally, forever.

10. ā̆korn n.

23 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) An acorn; akorns of okes; cup of an akorn; (b) mast, such as acorns and nuts.

11. al n.

20 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A tool or instrument with a sharp point; a stylus; (b) a shoemaker's awl; (c) a spike (on armor); (d) a quill (of a hedgehog or porcupine); an awn.

12. al limiting adj. & n.

239 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
Denoting the total number of entities in a class or group: all (persons, creatures, things, units); all without exception: (a) with a noun: al(le men, al(le the knightes, the knightes al(le, etc.; (b)…

13. alder n.(1)

18 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Alder (Alnus glutinosa); alder tre; (b) alder kerre, alder kyr, alder was, alder swamp; alder shawe, alder thicket.

14. ā̆l-gē̆r n.

Additional spellings: alger
4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Eel spear, fish spear.

15. alōe(s n.

Additional spellings: aloes
23 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Aloe: (a) the tree; (b) the juice or resin of the tree, aloes; (c) med. the drug aloes; aloe caballinum (cicotrine, epatik).

16. alsō adv.

393 quotations in 17 senses
Sense / Definition
Connecting sentences: (a) as a simple additive: in addition, moreover, also; and also, and ek also; nought onli..but also; usu. also, rarely as; (b) introd. a sequel to, or an inference from, a…

17. amid(de, amiddes adv. & prep.

Additional spellings: amidde, amiddes
95 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
Of an area: (a) adv. in or near the center, in the center, in the middle; amid of (sth.); even amid, right in or through the middle; (b) prep. in or near the center of (sth.).

18. an- pref.(2)

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) In several nouns: an-sene appearance, an-velt anvil, an-wald power; (b) in the adj. an-lich 'like, similar' and its derivatives anlicnesse & anlicni.

19. an- pref.(3)

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) In words inherited from OE: an-biden, an-elen kindle; (b) in words not attested in OE with this prefix, but occurring in early ME up to c1225: an-belȝen, an-bursten; also an-ēlen kindle, an-hongen

20. anclẹ̄ n.

21 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The ankle; ankle bone, esp. the inner projection [quots. c1150, c1440]; innermore ancle; utward ancle, outer projection of the ankle; (b) ancle bon, ankle bone; utter ancle, outer projection of…

21. and- pref.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) In the nouns an(d)-ȝit, an(d)-let, and-seche, an(d)swere; (b) in the adjs. an(d)-sete, an(d)-weard; in the verbs and-ȝǣten, an(d)-sweren.

22. andetnes(se n.

Additional spellings: andetnesse
6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Confession of sins; (b) profession (of faith, etc.).

23. anent(es prep.

Additional spellings: anentes
108 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
Of location or movement: (a) next to (sth.), close to, up to; near, adjoining; (b) across from (sth.), over against, facing; (c) toward.

24. angel-twacche n.

Additional spellings: angeltwacche
13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Earthworm.

25. ang-nail n.

Additional spellings: angnail
6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A corn; ?also, a whitlow.

26. anī limiting adj.

123 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) With concrete nouns: any (person (s), thing (s), etc.); often emphatic: any whatever, any at all; ani other, anyone else; best of ani man = better than ani; (b) with mass nouns, action nouns…

27. anī-kin(nes phr. (used attributively) & adj.

Additional spellings: anikin, ani-kinnes, anikinnes
19 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Any kind(s) of, any; also, every kind of [quot.Cursor 276]; for ani-kin aughte, by every means, all he could; on (in) ani-kin wise, in any way or manner; bi ani-kin wei, anyway; for ani-kin thing, for…

28. antē̆me n.

24 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
A musical composition based upon a scriptural text, sung in the Church Offices before each psalm and often repeated after the psalm, or after each verse of the psalm [see Karl Young, The Drama of the

29. ānydan ūt v. phr.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Expel.

30. arblast, -blastē̆r n.

Additional spellings: arblaster
35 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A weapon for discharging quarrels, stones, etc., consisting of a bow set crosswise on a shaft; a crossbow, an arbalest; (b) a missile shot from a crossbow; arblast shute.

31. arecchen v.

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To tell the meaning of (a dream, a text), interpret; describe (an appearance); exemplify or illustrate (a statement).

32. arveð adj. & adv. (also in adjectival compounds.)

15 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Difficult, hard; it is arveð, it is hard (to do); him is arveð, it is hard for him (to do); (b) arveð finde, hard to find, rare; arveð forþe, hard to achieve or do; arveð healde, arveðihialde

33. ascoile adv.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
?Askance; ?with a scowl.

34. asshe n.(2)

98 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Ashes of combustible materials; brennen to asshe; turnen to asshe; (b) ashes as used in medicaments, for making lye, etc.; (c) hot ashes or coals, as for baking.

35. aswǒue(n, aswoune predicate adj. & adv.

Additional spellings: aswouen, aswoune
24 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
In a swoon or faint; ben, lien, fallen, tomblen aswoue.

36. at- pref.(1)

3 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
In verbs of motion or direction: (a) meaning 'away', as in at-blenchen, at-bresten, at-flen, at-wappen, at-winden; (b) meaning 'toward, to', as in at-feng accepted, at-gon approach (beside 'vanish')…

37. atwọ̄ adv.

31 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
In two, in two parts; in separate parts, to pieces: (a) breken atwo, break (sth.) to pieces; cleven, kerven, smiten atwo, etc., split, cut, knock (sth.) in two or to pieces; parten atwo, divide; (b)…

38. aughte n.

69 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Possessions collectively, one's property, goods, wealth; (b) a possession, something valuable; also, a gift; -- often in pl.; (c) erthli aughte, worldli aughte, worldes aughte, worldly goods…

39. aunǧel n.

155 quotations in 9 senses
Sense / Definition
One of the celestial servants of God, an angel.

40. autē̆r n.

93 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The altar of a church; also, the altar placed before the shrine or image of a saint; (b) heigh auter, chef auter, the high altar, the altar on which the Eucharist is offered; sacrement of the

41. ā̆-wei interj.

Additional spellings: awei
11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Expressing regret or grief: alas!, oh!

42. awẹ̄lden v.

30 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To control, rule, govern, command; rule (a country); command (an army); have control of (one's body, desire, etc.), guide (one's) actions; wield (a weapon), manage (a horse); (b) to conquer…

43. awīlden, -ien v.

Additional spellings: awildien
6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To become wild or unruly; (b) to dazzle (the eyes), make (sb.) dizzy.

44. awīten v.(3)

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To blame or accuse (sb.); (b) to punish (an offense).

45. awurien v.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To strangle, kill by strangling.

46. ayẹ̄n adv.

155 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Back or away from something; to the rear, back, backwards; drawen ayen, ten ayen, draw back, withdraw; holden ayen, hold back, check, restrain; putten ayen, set or thrust back or away; turnen

47. băcher n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A baker; (b) as surname.

48. bāk(e-hǒus n.

Additional spellings: bakhous, bake-hous, bakehous
24 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A building or a room equipped for baking bread, a bakery (as in a lord's household, a village); comon bak-hous; also, a bakery with its staff of officers and servants; office of the bak-hous,

49. bās n.(1)

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A fish of the perch family; perch, bass.

50. bẹ̄chen adj.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Consisting of beech trees; of a beech tree, of beech wood.

51. bēde-mād n.

Additional spellings: bedemad
2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A manorial service consisting of mowing for the lord of the manor.

52. bẹ̄den v.

185 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To offer (sth.), offer (to do sth.); also, to give, to promise; refl. to give oneself; (b) to offer (money for sth.), bargain for; (c) to offer (sacrifice), make (an offering); (d) to offer (one's…

53. bed-rēde(n adj. & n.

Additional spellings: bedrede, bed-reden, bedreden
26 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Confined to bed, bedridden; (b) one who is confined to bed.

54. behorewed ppl.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Soiled, defiled.

55. belī n.

95 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The belly of man or animal, abdomen; beli and bak, before and behind, all over; (b) the body; (c) beli blind, blind as the inside of the belly, pitch dark; beli bond, a band or strap passing under…

56. bẹ̄n v.

1165 quotations in 17 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To be, exist, live; there is (was, were, etc.); that was, who formerly lived, now dead; if his liking be, if it be his will; if (sth.) ne were, if (sth.) had not been, if it were not for (sth.)…

57. bē̆nden v.(2)

10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To wrap or tie (sth.); blindfold; set (jewels); (b) to provide (sth.) with stripes or borders, adorn or border (with sth.); (c) her. to provide (a shield) with a diagonal stripe; ppl. bended

58. bē̆rn n.(1)

72 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A man, male person; also, person, human being; (b) bern ne best, man nor beast; bernes and brides, men and women; etc.; (c) mate, husband; (d) serving man, servant.

59. bēten v.(1)

240 quotations in 12 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To flog (sb.), beat, whip; (b) to punish (sb.).

60. bẹ̄ten v.(2)

87 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To mend (sth.), repair; beten nettes, repair fishing nets; (b) to remedy (an evil condition); comfort (sorrow), cure (disease or bodily disorder), relieve (hunger, thirst, need), mitigate…

61. bi- pref.(2)

8 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
Forming trans. verbs from intransitives, often with specialized (factitive, completive, figurative) meaning (s): (a) Inherited from OE, as bidelven, biflouen, bilaughen, bimēnen, bireusen, bishīnen,

62. bidden v.

305 quotations in 17 senses
Sense / Definition
To ask, beg, or plead for (sth.); bidden bone, make a plea or request; bidden mildse, merci, beg for mercy; bidden grith, sue for peace; bidden leve, beg leave, ask for permission; bidden mede, tax

63. bidel n.

39 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
One who makes announcements or carries messages and performs other services on the authority of a lord, court, guild, etc.; herald, town crier, summoner; bidel hod, a beadle's hood; bidel land (a…

64. bihēst(e n.

Additional spellings: behest, biheste, beheste
75 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A promise or pledge; also, what is promised; bihoten, maken bihest, make a promise; bilesten, fulfillen, holden bihest, keep or carry out a promise; breken bihest; (b) lond of bihest, the Promised…

65. bihōlden v.

Additional spellings: beholden
240 quotations in 10 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To fix or keep one's eyes (on sth.), look (at), gaze (upon); (b) to look (in a certain direction), biholden after, look for or after (sth.); (c) to take a look; look, look on, look around.

66. bihōten v.

Additional spellings: behoten
200 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
To promise (sth.); promise (to do sth.); -- (a) with obj.; (b) with clause; (c) with inf. phrase.

67. bihọ̄ven v.

Additional spellings: behoven
161 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
Of things: to be needed, required, requisite, or necessary; -- (a) alone or with inf. phrase; (b) with personal obj. (dat.) or to phrase; hem bihoveth water, they need water; lothe childe bihoveth

68. bihowen v.

Additional spellings: behowen
1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To view or inspect (sth.); ?take an interest in (sth.).

69. bīke n.(1)

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A nest of wild bees or wasps; a honeycomb; hony bike.

70. biknouen v.

Additional spellings: beknouen
67 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To know or realize (sth.), be aware of; (b) to recognize (sb.); biknoue(n, known, acquainted.

71. bil n.

22 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A cutting, hacking, or grubbing implement: (a) a falchion, halberd, pike, gisarme; bil ibeat; blak bil [see blak adj., sense 4. (f)]; (b) a pruning hook or blade; bil hok; hegge bil, a bill hook used…

72. bilīven v.

15 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To remain (in a place, with sb.); stay, stay behind; -- also refl. [quot.Orm.]; (b) to remain (in a certain state), persist; biliven o life, remain alive, survive.

73. bilǒuken v.

Additional spellings: belouken
39 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To shut (sb., sth.) in; lock up or enclose for safekeeping; imprison (sb.); bilouken in hand of fa, deliver into the enemy's hand; bilouken in grave, bury; bilouken heven, Poet. lock the sky (i.e…

74. bī̆rde n.(1)

53 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
A woman of noble birth; damsel, lady, lady in waiting; fre iboren birde; also, woman; -- frequ. in allit. phrases: birde bright, fair lady; birde in boure, damsel in bower; bern and birde, lord and…

75. biren v.

47 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
him (etc.) birth: (a) with respect to circumstances, destiny, etc.: he is constrained or compelled (to do or suffer sth.), he must; biren nede(s, he must of necessity (do sth.); biren dien, he must…

76. birth(e n.

Additional spellings: birthe
116 quotations in 9 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The act of giving birth, childbirth; birth bering; labour of birth; at on (a) birth, in one delivery; (b) birth in wombe, conception.

77. bisitten v.

Additional spellings: besitten
10 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To besiege (a stronghold); (b) to beset, harass, afflict (sb.).

78. bī̆-smār(e n.

Additional spellings: bismar, bi-smare, bismare
49 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
Ridicule, mockery, derision, disdain, or an instance of it; on (a) or for bi-smar, by way of mockery or ridicule, tauntingly, derisively; driven to bi-smar, engage in mockery, make fun of, be amused…

79. bisọ̄kne n.

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An entreaty or request; (b) chirche-bisocnie, attendance at church.

80. bī̆sten v.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To buffet (sb.), pummel, flog, beat; also without obj., of waves: to dash, rage.

81. bitel adj.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Sharp-edged, sharp (weapon); sharp, cruel (blow).

82. bithinken v.

Additional spellings: bethinken
135 quotations in 9 senses
Sense / Definition
To think, reflect, meditate, ponder; bithinken right, wel, think hard or carefully; -- usually refl.; -- (a) alone; (b) with of, on, to, upon phrase.

83. bitlok n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A bit of food.

84. biwẹ̄se, biwẹ̄sed adv. & ppl.

Additional spellings: bewese, biwesed, bewesed
7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Soaked or steeped (in a liquid).

85. biwiten, -ien v.

Additional spellings: biwitien
31 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To look after (sth., sb.), take care of; guard, protect, preserve; biwiten faste, cherish; biwiten from, protect from (an enemy), defend against; (b) to have charge of (sth.), govern; (c) ppl. biw

86. biyēte n.

Additional spellings: beyete
37 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) What has been acquired; property, possessions, goods; for al his biyete, for all the world; (b) gain, profit, benefit, advantage; also, interest (on loans); (c) spoils, booty; (d) prey.

87. blā̆s n.

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Blowing (of wind), a gust; windes blas; (b) blowing (of a bellows); beli blas; breath (of the devil); (c) blowing (of horns), blast.

88. blāse n.

22 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A flame, a blaze; blase of fire; tenden blase, setten on blase, set on fire; ben on blase, be on fire, burn; (b) a firebrand, torch, beacon; (c) a blaze of light.

89. num.

81 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
Two together, both; each of two; -- (a) alone; (b) accompanying a noun or a noun phrase; (c) following a personal or anaphoric pron., either directly or (esp. for emphasis or rime) after the verb…

90. bọ̄ld n.

17 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An edifice, such as a castle or mansion; (b) a dwelling place, an abode; (c) in names [see A.H. Smith PNElem. 1.43].

91. bō̆nd n.

177 quotations in 10 senses
Sense / Definition
Something used for tying, binding, wrapping, fastening, joining: (a) a cord, string (also fig.); a strap, halter, leash; a bowstring; (b) a twist of straw; a tendril; (c) a bandage or wrapping; (d) a…

92. borlī(ch adj.

Additional spellings: borlich
25 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
Of persons: (a) excellent, noble; handsome, beautiful; -- also as noun; (b) stout, sturdy, burly.

93. brẹ̄ n.

11 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Porridge, pulse; (b) broth (of meat), liquor (of vegetables); (c) ?a type of ale or beer; ?some sort of broth, juice, or liquor;bre mongere, a seller of such a commodity; ale bre, a drink made…

94. brẹ̄ch n.

55 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The undergarment covering the lower part of the body; underpants, drawers, or tights; brech and sherte, sark and brek; (b) brech, brek, as pl.; a pare brech, a pair of breeches.

95. brẹ̄den v.(3)

103 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
Of birds: to incubate eggs, hatch out and rear young, breed; breden brod, bring forth a brood.

96. breid n.(1)

88 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A sudden or quick movement, such as a jerk, wrench, pull, start, jolt; (b) a rash or hasty act; a move; (c) an impassioned utterance, an outburst or outcry; (d) an unusual occurrence or event…

97. breiden v.(1)

179 quotations in 12 senses
Sense / Definition
To move quickly or suddenly: (a) to hurry, hasten, rush; dash, dart, jump; -- intr. or refl.; (b) breiden up, to jump or start up (as from anger or fear).

98. brēken v.

592 quotations in 47 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To break (an object) into parts; dash to pieces; destroy the wholeness of (an object); shatter (a weapon) in combat; crush (the human body, etc.); breken atwo, breken asonder, breken in peces

99. brembel n.

38 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
A thorny shrub or prickly plant; a bramble or brier; specif., the blackberry (Rubus fruticosus) or dewberry (R. caesius); brembel busk; brembel bery.

100. brēminge ger.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
The process of cleaning a ship's bottom with burning broom or reeds; also, material so used [first quot.].