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1. anlē̆t n.

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Face; (b) forehead; (c) appearance, looks; image.

2. eie-wrak n.

Additional spellings: eiewrak
1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Pain in the eye.

3. fleil n.

25 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Instrument used for threshing grain, a flail; (b) cap of a fleil, fleil cap, one of the bands of wood or leather (fastened about the end of the flail staff or the end of the swingle) through which…

4. frank-pleǧǧe n.

Additional spellings: frankplegge
11 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
One of the mutually responsible members of a tithing, etc.

5. gọ̄me, gom(m)e n.(3)

Additional spellings: gomme
27 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The flesh surrounding the teeth, gums; -- also sg.; (b) the insides of the mouth; palate, upper throat, etc.; (c) the jaws; whetten gomes, to whet the jaws, beat one's gums; (d) molars.

6. grei n.(2)

32 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A gray fur, prob. the fur from the back of the Eurasian red squirrel Sciurus vulgaris in winter; red (ruskin) grei, the fur of the Eurasian red squirrel in winter; tristi (tresti) grei, ?error…

7. hilder n.

18 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The European elder (Sambucus nigra); hilder tre; (b) hilder tre, ?the European alder [see alder n. (1)]; (c) in place names [see Smith PNElem. 1.274].

8. innōm n.

12 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An enclosure made from common or waste land; cp. inhok; (b) in place names [see Smith PNElem. 1.303].

9. kinrē̆de n.

125 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Stock, family, lineage, race; gret (god, heigh, noble, worthi) kinrede, high birth; loue (mene) kinrede, low birth; (b) descendants, progeny, posterity; also, a descendant; (c) forebears…

10. latteu n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Guide, leader, director.

11. lẹ̄k n.

74 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A leek (Allium porrum); unsette lek, a leek not yet transplanted; (b) garlic (Allium sativum); also, one of a group of sharp-tasting herbs; lek man, a dealer in potherbs; (c) in phrases: grene

12. light n.

339 quotations in 13 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Light as a substance that illuminates objects or colors, light as seen or present in a condition where vision is possible; lightes leme; (b) light as one of God's creations; (c) the property of…

13. night n.

606 quotations in 11 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The dark part of a day, night, nighttime; also, nightfall; as derk as night, derk (mirk) as night; verrei night, the end of evening or twilight [see verrei adj.]; vulgar night, the period from…

14. ortrouthe n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Distrust, doubt.

15. pōse n.

12 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A head cold; catarrh; on the pose, afflicted with a cold; bringen in a pose, to give (sb.) a cold.

16. prīd(e n.(2)

Additional spellings: pride
250 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Unreasonable self-esteem, pride; desire to exceed one's proper station; also, the sin of pride (shading into 1c.); prid of herte; (b) love of praise, vanity; (c) prideful bearing or behavior…

17. rāven n.

80 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The raven (Corvus corax); ?also, the rook (Corvus frugilegus); (b) the carrion crow (Corvus corone); (c) raven(es brid, a young raven; raven(es fether; raven(es kinde, a raven's nature; buk-raven

18. rein n.(1)

119 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Rain; gret rein, heavy rain; litel rein, fine rain; (b) a spell of rain, shower of rain; (c) strem of rein, a stream, brook; rein of oure lord(es, ?divine or sacred rain.

19. rēpinge n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Touching; also, the sense of touch, sensation.

20. rē̆st(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: reste
281 quotations in 9 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Rest due to sleep; repose; slumber; -- also pl.; at (in, on) rest, at rest, asleep; oute of rest, out of sleep; (b) the repose of the grave, death; rest of the ded, repose of death; at rest, dead…

21. reue n.(2)

193 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A row or line of people or things; a rank of soldiers; reue bi reue, in lines; fro reue to reue, from one rank to another; riche on reue, noble in (their) ranks; (b) a row of houses, a street…

22. rifte n.(2)

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A veil.

23. rinel n.

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A small stream, brook, rivulet; thurgh right rinel, by astraight course; (b) ?in place name [see Smith PNElem.2. 91].

24. rother n.(2)

49 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An ox, a cow, bull; pl. cattle, oxen; rother beste; (b) rother drivere, a cattle driver; rother herde [OE hrīðer-hirde], herdsman; rotheres lether, prepared oxhide or cowhide; (c) in surnames; (d)…

25. sain n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A statement, saying.

26. Sarasī̆n(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: Sarasine
88 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A Turk; also, an Arab; also, a Moslem; -- often with ref. to the Crusades; Sarasin hed, the head of a Saracen; (b) a heathen, pagan; an infidel; (c) as a type of non-Christian; Sarasin or jeu, jeu

27. saughtnesse n.

20 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Reconciliation, peace, accord; to saughtnesse, as a settlement, for reconciliation.

28. Scot n.(1)

101 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An inhabitant of Scotland; a native Scot; a Scottish soldier; -- sometimes used anachronistically; (b) in cpds. & combs.: Scot lede, Scotland; the Scots; Scot riveling, a derogatory nickname for a…

29. n.(1)

441 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The expanse of salt water covering much of the earth; the se flodeth (falleth in), the sea flows (ebbs); the se swevede, the sea was calm; (b) se (of) occean, se of the occean, gret se (of)

30. self-hēle n.

Additional spellings: selfhele
13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A plant regarded as having healing properties and freq. used in salves, esp. the plant selfheal Prunella vulgaris; ?also, burnet saxifrage (Pimpinella saxifraga [some quots. may belong to any of…

31. sester n.

19 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A vessel for holding liquid; ?a brewing vat [2nd quot.]; (b) a liquid measure; sester ful; (c) a dry measure; (d) sester peni, an annual tax imposed upon commercial brewers of beer.

32. shau(e n.

Additional spellings: shaue
51 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A wood or forest; a grove; a thicket; at a shau side, at the edge of a forest; shau of (the) wod, a wodes shau; under (the) shau, beneath the foliage of a wood, in the shade; in thickets; also…

33. shingle n.(1)

24 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A wooden tile for roofing; also fig.; also, a thin piece of wood used as a writing tablet; coll. shingles, a quantity of shingles; also, lumber from which shingles are made [quot.: 1439]; (b)…

34. shraf n.

16 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A cave; also fig.; (b) in place names [see Smith PNElem.2.113-14].

35. shrift n.

142 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Confession to a priest, auricular confession; also person.; shrift in (o, of, with) mouth; shrift wind, oral confession; soth (sothfast, verrei) shrift; haven shrift on herte, to intend to…

36. sineu n.

65 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A fibrous cord connecting a muscle to a bone or other bodily part, a tendon; a ligament or other connective tissue; also, a muscle [quot.: ?a1450 Macer]; hole in sineu and veine, completely…

37. slēuīe n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Languor, heaviness, weariness.

38. smak(ke n.

Additional spellings: smakke
31 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Taste, flavor; also fig.; also, a certain taste; also, the ability to taste; -- used fig. [quot. c1230, 1st]; oute of smak, tasteless, insipid; drauen smak to, to give flavor to (sth.); (b) the…

39. smẹ̄k(e n.

Additional spellings: smeke
38 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Smoke produced by a burning or smoldering substance; aromatic smoke of incense; a column or cloud of smoke; a variety of smoke; also fig.; also in proverbs; smek hous, a smokehouse; -- used fig.

40. smē̆rels n.

13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An ointment or unguent for anointing the body; -- ?also pl.; (b) a medicinal ointment; (c) a cosmetic preparation of some kind.

41. sōr(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: sore
182 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Pain in bodily parts or organs due to wounds, illness, childbirth, etc.; the sensation of physical pain or soreness; an experience or undergoing of physical pain; physical affliction or suffering…

42. soul(e n.

Additional spellings: soule
672 quotations in 16 senses
Sense / Definition
The spiritual and rational element in man, the Christian soul, understood: (a) to animate and control the body; (b) to have an eternal destiny as a moral agent; also person.; cure of soule(s

43. sprai n.(1)

36 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A branch, shoot, or twig of a tree, shrub, or vine; a switch; also fig.; also, a branch as a symbol of victory, strength, or prowess [quots. c1440 & c1450, 2nd]; ivi sprai; (b) leafy branches and…

44. staf n.

190 quotations in 10 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A stick of wood, rod; also, a stick of ivory; (b) a branch or limb of a tree; a stalk of a plant.

45. stagge n.

28 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An adult male deer, esp. a four- or five-year-old stag; stagge of an hert; (b) a young male horse, colt [chiefly N]; (c) a swan [cp. steg(ge n.]; (d) in surnames and place names [see Smith PNElem.

46. stāver n.

16 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An upright bar in a rack for hay or fodder; hacche staver; (b) in place names [see Smith PNElem.2.141, 142].

47. stō̆k(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: stoke
28 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A place, location; (b) in place names.

48. stōn n.

682 quotations in 19 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A discrete piece of rock, esp. one of small or medium size; a stone, pebble; also, a large discrete piece of rock, a boulder; a standing stone, monolith; (b) a ston(es cast, the throuinge of a

49. stop(pe n.

Additional spellings: stoppe
32 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A pail or bucket; a milking pail; also, a jug [quot. 1397-8; cp. stoupe n.(1) (a)]; stop hop, a hoop fastened around a bucket; stoppes plates, ?metal buckets; milk stop, a milk pail; (b) a vessel…

50. stǒure n.(3)

27 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A river; swan stoure, a name for the Test River; (b) the name of several rivers, the Stour; also, in other place names and in surnames [see Smith PNElem.2.165].

51. stǒut n.

17 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A small, flying insect of the family Culicidae (esp. Culex pipiens), a mosquito, culex, gnat; (b) ?as surname; (c) in place names [see Smith PNElem.2.165].

52. stō̆ven n.

15 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The trunk or stem of a tree; the stump of a tree; (b) in surname and place names [see Smith PNElem.2.157].

53. strẹ̄t(e n.(2)

Additional spellings: strete
174 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A road leading from one city or town to another, an open road; also, a path or way through a field, forest, etc.; heigh stret, a main road, highway [OE hēah-strǣt; see also ME heigh adj. 2b.(e)]…

54. strō̆nd(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: stronde
76 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Land abutting on the sea, a river, or other body of water, a shore, bank, coast; also fig.; bi strete and strond, in lond in (and) strond, in every place; (b) in cpds. & combs.: forest strond, a…

55. sugge n.

19 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A small bird, prob. the hedge sparrow or dunnock Prunella modularis; hei sugge, q.v.; (b) ?in surnames and place names [see Smith PNElem.2.166-7].

56. sū̆l n.

27 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a)A plow; -- used fig.; also, glossing L tribulum: ?a shovel; sul silver, a payment prob. in commutation of the service of giving plowshares to the lord of the manor; sul staf, a stick or staff prob…

57. swalwe n.

73 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A bird of the genus Hirundo, esp. the European swallow (Hirundo rustica); also, the swift (Apus apus) [cp. quot. a1398, 2nd]; swalwe dong, swalwes drit, dong (drit) of swalwes, swallow droppings…

58. tap(pe n.(1)

Additional spellings: tappe
24 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A hollow or tubular plug for controlling the flow of liquid from a vent hole, a stopper, faucet, cock; also, used metonymically or in fig. context: the hole or spout through which the liquid…

59. tapper(e n.

Additional spellings: tappere
5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A tavernkeeper, tapster; (b) as surname.

60. teafur n.

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A red pigment, cinnabar; also, med. a gum resin of some kind; (b) in place names [see Smith PNElem.2.177].

61. thach(e n.

Additional spellings: thache
87 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Straw, reeds, or similar material used in covering a roof, thatch; also, such material put to other uses; lode thach; (b) a covering of thatch or of lead, tiles, etc. over a roof; also, a roof…

62. thank n.

158 quotations in 9 senses
Sense / Definition
Kindly regard felt toward another for a benefit received or services rendered, gratitude; also, a grateful thought.

63. thirl n.

44 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) An external bodily orifice, esp. a nostril; also, an internal orifice or passage; drem thirl, the ear; nare thirl, a nostril; nase thirl, q.v.; nese thirl, q.v.; nose thirl, q.v.; (b) a hole in…

64. thrī̆th n.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Strength, power, vigor; (b) ?in surname and place name [see Smith PNElem.2.217].

65. thurrok n.

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The hold or bilge of a ship; also fig.; (b) in place names [see Smith PNElem.2.217].

66. thwī̆rnisse n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An instance of perversity; (b) pl. trials, burdens, afflictions.

67. Tiburn(e n.

Additional spellings: Tiburne
9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The place of public execution for Middlesex, located in Marylebone; Tiburn colloppe, one who deserves to be hanged, gallows meat; (b) the name of the brook running through Marylebone to the…

68. tiche n.

21 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A young goat, a kid; also fig.; (b) in surname and place names [see Smith PNElem.2.178].

69. tichen n.

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A young goat, a kid; (b) in place names [see Smith PNElem.2.178].

70. tō̆nge n.(1)

62 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A double-armed instrument, usually hinged, for manipulating objects too hot or too difficult to hold; a pincers, pliers, pair of tongs;—often pl.; also fig. and in fig. context; fir tonges; paire

71. tǒur n.(1)

223 quotations in 10 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A building characterized by height, often free-standing; a tower; also fig.; heigh tour; water tour; (b) such a building used as a fortress, stronghold, or defensive structure; also fig.; also…

72. tup(pe n.

Additional spellings: tuppe
23 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A male sheep, ram; also, a ram's skin [quot. c1450]; tup hed; tup horn; (b) mil. a battering ram; (c) in surnames and place name.

73. tweon n.

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Doubt, uncertainty; bouten (withouten) tweon.

74. twichel n.

9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A narrow path or passageway; also fig. [last quot.]; (b) in surnames.

75. twisel n.

37 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) In combs.: twisel tonge, a malicious gossip, slanderer, backbiter; twisel tonged, malicious, slanderous; (b) in surnames and place names [see Smith PNElem.2.200].

76. twī̆spēche n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
?Slander; ?deceitful speech.

77. wain n.(1)

92 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A two- or four-wheeled vehicle drawn by horses or by oxen, generally used for conveyance of cargo or passengers, a cart, wagon; also in fig. context [quot. a1425 Templ.Dom.]; waines and cartes,

78. warī n.

21 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A criminal, felon; wari tre, q.v.; (b) a villain, miscreant; (c) in place names [see Smith PNElem. 2.247-8].

79. warī̆-brēd n.

Additional spellings: waribred
2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A wound, an ulcer, or a sore; (b) ?a parasitic worm or maggot of some kind [cp. warbote n.].

80. wash n.

30 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The act or process of cleansing or laundering; wash betel, a stick or bat used to agitate laundry in washing; shep wash [OE scēap-wæsce], a place for washing sheep;—used fig. in phrase: wenden to

81. wend(e n.

Additional spellings: wende
12 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A turning, turn; (b) in surnames and place names [see Smith PNElem. 2.253; some exx. could also be construed as p.ppl. of wenden v.].

82. wē̆red n.

35 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A band assembled for military purposes, a troop, an army, a legion;—also coll.; wered strengthe, military might; wered wite, ?a fee paid in lieu of military service; ?a fine imposed for failure to…

83. whēl(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: whele
147 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A solid disk or rigid circular ring connected to a hub by spokes and attached to an axle of a vehicle or movable structure to facilitate its locomotion, a wheel; also fig. and in fig. context…

84. whēte n.

139 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The plant wheat or any plant of the genus Triticum, esp. T. aestivum or T. sativum; also, a wheat crop; wheat considered as seed (b) the grain of the wheat plant, harvested wheat; grain…

85. Win-chestre n.

Additional spellings: Winchestre
13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) In combs.: Win-chestre bed, some kind of bed, presumably equipped with a canopy, made or originating in Winchester in Hampshire; Win-chestre feire, a fair held at St. Giles’s down, near…

86. Windsọ̄re n.

25 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) In comb.: Windsore heraud, an office or officer of the town or castle of Windsor in Berkshire; (b) in surname and place names [see Smith PNElem. 2.268].

87. wīr n.(2)

26 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) In combs.: wir tre [OE wīr-trēow], myrtle; wir treen [OE wīr-trēowen], derived from the myrtle tree; (b) in surnames and place names [see Smith PNElem. 2.270].

88. with(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: withe
68 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A tree of the genus Salix, a willow (b) a pliant branch or shoot of a willow, a withe, an osier; in a with wise, in the manner of a withe; (c) a scourge made of willow branches; a rod of willow;…

89. wī̆thī n.

44 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A tree of the genus Salix, a willow; withi tre; withi bed [OE wīþig-bed(d], a place where willows grow, an osier bed; withi bough; withi leves (b) the blossom of a willow tree;—also coll.; (c)…

90. wọ̄de-leie n.

Additional spellings: wodeleie
17 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) ?A woodland glade or clearing; under wode-leie, in the woods, under cover of woods (b) a secluded grove as a place for furtive or illicit pleasures;—used in proverbs and prov. expressions; (c) in…

91. wōld n.(1)

72 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A wooded region, forested land, the woods; ?a wooded tract, forest preserve [quot. c1330]; also, the forest as a wild place; wilde woldes (b) open country, a plain, meadow; also, grassy fields,…

92. wong n.(1)

28 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A piece or tract of land; a field, plain, meadow, etc.; wong stede [OE wang-stede], a place, locale; corner wong; lond (mede) wong, meadow land (b) ?length; (c) in surnames; (d) in place names…

93. wǒrt n.(1)

274 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Any plant or herb; an uncultivated grass, root, or vegetable; also, a wild plant, herb, etc. used as food; wortes of herbes (grasses, grenes) (b) a cultivated plant, garden plant;—also coll. &…

94. worth n.(2)

19 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An enclosed area, a court or courtyard; (b) in surnames and place names [see Smith PNElem. 2.273-5; for others see worsted n.]

95. yā̆re n.

25 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An enclosure in a river or pond for keeping fish; also, the barrier used to form such an enclosure; yare silver, a customary rent paid for the repair of such an enclosure or barrier (b) in…