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1. -and suf.(1)

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
The regional variant of the suffix of the pr.ppl. peculiar to the North and parts of the North Midland, corresp. to -ende, -inde, -inge in other areas.

2. asald n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A silly fellow, an upstart.

3. asterten v.

60 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
to rush (at sb.); run away (into a safe place).

4. beft v. (past) & ppl.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To beat (sb.), buffet, whip; beft fro (out), to drive away (out) with blows; beft to (upon), to beat against (upon).

5. bēr(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: bere
69 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A bear; (b) blak ber, a bear with black fur; whit ber, white bear, polar bear; wild ber, untamed bear; (c) ber baiting, the sport of setting dogs upon a bear chained to a stake; ber binder, bear…

6. bidẹ̄ne adv.

45 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
Of an action or process: (a) completely, entirely, utterly; (b) immediately, forthwith; (c) as an emphatic, or for rime's sake: indeed.

7. clēthen v.

73 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To put clothing on (sb., the body, the flesh), dress; clethen in (with), to clothe (sb., one's body) in (a particular garment or kind of garments); (b) refl. to put on one's clothes, get dressed…

8. clōthen v.

160 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To put clothing on (sb.), dress; clothe (sb. in a certain way); clothen in, clothen with, clothe (sb., the flesh) in (sth.); clothen in Stafford bleu, beat (sb.) black and blue; (b) refl. to put…

9. cōbel n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A rowboat of some kind (with 2 or 4 oars).

10. cǒu-hē̆rde n.

Additional spellings: couherde
22 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
One who tends cows, a cowherd.

11. craft n.(1)

200 quotations in 11 senses
Sense / Definition
Strength, force, power; also, moral strength, a virtue.

12. -(e)s suf.(4)

Additional spellings: -es
3 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
Forming the pres. & past ind.sg.2 of all verbs (exc. the present of some of the preterit presents) in the North and the North Midland [Nhb. -es, -as]: e.g. sing-es, tāk-es, lǒv-es; sang-es, tōk-es,

13. fright n.

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Terror, fright.

14. gāte n.(1)

239 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A gateway; a gate of a city, castle, house, etc.; also, a doorway; flod gate, a floodgate; (b) the movable barrier which closes off a gateway; one of the valves of a double gate; ?a portcullis…

15. gē̆ten v.(1)

330 quotations in 13 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To acquire (sth.), earn, buy, win, receive, find; ivel geten, ill-gotten; fals geten, got by falsehood; (b) refl.

16. grappen v.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To feel of (sb.) with the hands; (b) to find one's way in the dark, grope; (c) to take hold of (sth.), grasp, clutch; (d) to experience (a spiritual state), feel.

17. grippen v.

32 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To take hold of (sb. or sth.) with the hands; grab, grasp, snatch; --also refl.; (b) grippen out, to pull out (sth.); grippen to, seize (sth.), hold onto (sth.); grippen up, dig up (the ground)…

18. Hālī-wer n.

Additional spellings: Haliwer
12 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
The holy man, St. Cuthbert of Lindisfarne; Hali-wer folk(es, people holding lands in return for the service of defending the body, relics, and territory of St. Cuthbert; people of the County of…

19. hā̆ven v.

1676 quotations in 26 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To possess (sth.), own; nadda non, she had none; we havt, we have it; ppl. havand, wealthy; (b) to possess (land, an estate or inheritance, a city, town, manor, etc.); -- also used fig.; (c) to…

20. heifer n.

19 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A heifer; heifer hide, a piece of leather from a heifer's hide.

21. heigh adj.

758 quotations in 11 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) High, lofty, big, tall; heigh der, stag; heigh got, he-goat; heigh halle (hous, bold), large house [often connoting pride and ostentation]; heigh hors (stede), fine tall horse [also, like heigh

22. hēlden v.

138 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To pour (sth.), pour away, spill; heap, pile up; throw out (ashes); helden ful, fill (a dish) full (of blood); helden in with, pour (water) on (sth.); (b) fig. to shed (grace, joy, light, etc.)…

23. helpen v.

263 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To give aid or assistance to (sb. or sth.), be an assistant to (sb.); help (sb. to do sth.), help (sth. be done); helpen aloft (up), help (sb.) up; helpen doun with, help (sb.) get (sth.) down…

24. hẹ̄ning ger.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
An insult; haven in hening, to condemn (sb.), treat with contempt.

25. hẹ̄rd(e n.(2)

Additional spellings: herde
114 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A herdsman; a keeper of cattle, hogs, horses, goats, or any kind of livestock; asse herd, aver herd, calf herd, colt herd, cou herd, gelde herd, gos herd, got herd, hog herd, hors herd, lomb herd,

26. hẹ̄rsum adj.

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Obedient, compliant; (b) ?of worship: devout.

27. hẹ̄̆rsumen v.

13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To obey (sb.), serve; worship (God, a god, an idol); (b) to be subservient to (sin, one's belly).

28. heu n.

134 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Color; also, brightness or freshness of color; of on heu, in solid color(s; clothen in heu, to take (a lady's) colors, become her servant; (b) paint, dye, pigment; fig. a rhetorical color; (c) fig

29. hīred n.

73 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A household; the familia of a cathedral; an eccl. court [last quot.]; the heavenly retinue of the Virgin Mary, the Devil's retinue; fig. the senses and desires of man; hiredes alder (lord), the…

30. igladen v.

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To make (sb.) happy, gladden, cheer; (b) to be happy, rejoice; (c) to relieve (a diseased organ), soothe, comfort.

31. ihẹ̄rsum adj.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Obedient; obedient or docile to (sb.), compliant or submissive to (someone's words).

32. ihẹ̄rsumen v.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To obey (sb.); (b) to be obedient.

33. -ī̆ld suf.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A derivational suffix forming agent nouns (orig. fem.); e.g., beggild, chepilt, chidild, cursild, forshuppild, fostrild, grucchild, menild, motild, sunegild.

34. ilēchnen v.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To heal or cure (sb.).

35. imæhte n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Might, power.

36. imerren v.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To impair (sth.), mar; disfigure (sb.), sLay.

37. inlēden v.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To bring (sb. or sth.), lead (sb.); also, lead (sb.) in, bring in; also fig.; (b) to bring forth (a wind), cause (a wind) to blow.

38. inwrītinge ger.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
An inscription on a coin.

39. irī̆nen ppl.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Adorned.

40. irīnen v.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To touch (someone's body); (b) to constrict (sth.), shut off [cp. rinen v.(1) (e) & rininge ger. (b)]; (c) ppl. irinen, adorned; (d) ppl. irined, ?mended.

41. iwẹ̄lden v.

18 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To overcome (sb., a city); (b) to subdue (sth., a vice, a disease); (c) to temper (sth.), allay.

42. Lā̆tī̆n n.

57 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The Latin language; fals Latin, incorrect Latin; latines leden (lore, tonge), the Latin language; Latin makere (wright), one who understands or writes Latin; (b) Latin speech or writing; a book or…

43. Lā̆tī̆n adj.

25 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Of the Latin language, Latin; (b) of a book: written in Latin; (c) Latin-speaking, Latin-writing; Latin chirche, the Western church; (d) of the original Latin-speaking peoples; port Latin, the…

44. lẹ̄che-craft n.

Additional spellings: lechecraft
45 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The art or science of medicine and/or surgery; -- also used in pl.; also, magic [quot.: a1225]; (b) the practice or profession of medicine and/or surgery.

45. lēnen v.(1)

97 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To lean, support oneself; steady oneself while standing or walking; lean (on an ax, a spade, staff, one's elbow, etc.); -- also refl.; lenen on knes, kneel; -- often with bi, in, into, on, to, up

46. lent(en n.

Additional spellings: lenten
81 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
Spring; lent corn, grains sown in spring; lent erthe, ?an extra plowing in spring; lent sed, any seed sown in spring; time of lent sed, the time at which such seed is sown.

47. lēp n.(1)

37 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The act of jumping; a jump, leap; a spring of a fish from the water; at a (o) lep, in one jump; at lepes, ?quickly; lepen (taken, nimen, yeven) lep, to take a leap; maken lepes, leap about, play…

48. līknes(se n.

Additional spellings: liknesse
138 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Appearance, guise, shape; gome liknes, the shape of a man; bi liknes, in this guise, in this manner; (b) a shade, a vision; (c) a soul; (d) a pretense.

49. listenen v.

90 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To listen to (sb. or sth.), be attentive to (sb. or sth.), pay heed to (sb. or sth.); hear and obey (sb. or sth.); hear (sb. or sth.); lithen and listenen, listenen and herkenen, lernen and

50. lough n.

25 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A lake; also, any body of water, ?a river [1st quot.]; (b) in place names [see Smith PNElem. 2.27].

51. lūding(e n.

Additional spellings: ludinge
4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Noise, shouting.

52. māke n.(1)

82 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Either of a married human couple, mate, husband, wife; (b) either of a non-human couple, bird, animal or fish; a mate; (c) either of a betrothed human couple; also, lover, paramour, mistress; (d)…

53. man n.

694 quotations in 21 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A person, a man or woman; (b) erest men, the first men, Adam and Eve; cristen man, ded man, fals man, god man, haveles man, hethen man, ivel man, povre man, riche man, rightwis man, unilered man,

54. manī-fōlden v.

Additional spellings: manifolden
9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To increase (sth.) many times; augment the number of (persons), multiply; (b) to exert oneself greatly (to accomplish sth.).

55. marken v.(1)

233 quotations in 13 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To set the boundaries or limits of (a plot of land, body of water, etc.); stake out; (b) of a sea or river: to reach the shore; (c) ppl. marked, of armies or troops: spread out, extended in width…

56. mē̆nǧen v.

212 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To mix (sth. with sth. else), mingle; add (sth. to sth. else); mengen with (in, of, amonges, among with); (b) to mix (two or more things) together, blend; mengen togeder (tosamen, in fere); (c) to…

57. mer n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A hindrance; mer in mouth, a speech impediment.

58. messe n.(1)

267 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The celebration or occasion of the Eucharistic service; also, an instance of the celebration of this service; messe of the dai, the regular mass celebrated on any given day as specified by the…

59. mid-night n.

Additional spellings: midnight
113 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Midnight, 12 o'clock at night; houre (time) of mid-night, midnight; heigh mid-night, exactly midnight; (b) a the mid-night, at (the) mid-night, to (the) mid-night, at midnight; (c) abouten (the)

60. misspēken v.

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To speak improperly or insultingly; misspeken of, speak ill of (sb.), slander; (b) to say (sth.) amiss or wrongly.

61. mōst adj. (superlative) & n.

306 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Largest in size, highest, most extensive; very large [quot.: (a1382)]; ?tallest [quot.: c1380]; most finger, biggest or longest finger; (b) greatest in number or quantity; the majority of (sth.)…

62. mọ̄t n.(4)

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A tax.

63. nā̆ddre n.

153 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A serpent, a snake; (b) water naddre, a serpent that lives in water; naddre eiren, snake eggs; naddre fot, serpent-footed; naddre hedes, naddre skin; etc.; (c) with reference or allusion to Gen.3…

64. neighen v.(1)

218 quotations in 12 senses
Sense / Definition
To advance, move forward, move close: (a) in space or position; -- with adverbial constructions: neighen bi, to move by (sth.), come by; neighen hider, come here; neighen neigh, neighen nerhond,

65. nẹ̄̆r(re adj.

Additional spellings: nerre
60 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Nearer in space or time; ner dai, an earlier date; (b) more closely related by kinship; ner kin (sibbe); (c) in proverbs.

66. nes(se n.

Additional spellings: nesse
33 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
In place names & surnames only: a headland, promontory: (a) in surnames; (b) in place names [see Smith PNElem. 2.48-49].

67. next(e adj.

Additional spellings: nexte
140 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Nearest in position or distance; neighboring, adjacent, contiguous; closest (to sb., sth., or a place); next wei, the most direct route, shortest way; (b) closest (to profits or benefits); (c) of…

68. nimen v.

562 quotations in 19 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To take (sth.), pick up (sth.); draw (a weapon), take up, take out; grab (sth.), grasp, seize; pick (a fruit); also fig.; also, use (sth.); (b) to take away (sth.); bear (sth.), carry off; take…

69. ofcǒmen v.(1)

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To go away, depart.

70. onȝiten v.

20 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To perceive (sth.), see; med. observe (a symptom), experience (a condition); (b) to recognize (voices); (c) to understand (sth.), comprehend; perceive (that sth. is done, that sth. is the case…

71. onyẹ̄n prep.

21 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Towards (sb.), to meet (sb.); (b) in front of (sb.), before, facing; (c) against (sb. or sth.), contrary to, in opposition to; (d) in anticipation of (sb. or sth.), in preparation for; (e) in…

72. oxe n.

150 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) An ox; (b) oxe and asse, etc.; forwe oxe, ?an ox that walks in or near the previous furrow to align the one being plowed; plough oxe, an ox of a plow-team, ploued oxe, an ox that has plowed the…

73. pōke n.

37 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A sack, pouch, bag [in some quots. perhaps a measure of quantity, but see quot.: a1500]; pissinge poke, provande poke, sond poke [see pissinge, provende, sond]; (b) a full, elongated type of…

74. purpel adj.

32 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Purple, dark crimson, or violet; of a cloth or garment: dyed in a purplish or crimson hue, often denoting royalty; also, of a liturgical vestment: denoting a penitential season; (b) purpel pal, a…

75. quellen v.(1)

69 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To kill; kill (sb.), slay; also, to kill by strangulation or suffocation [quot.: PParv.]; (b) to kill (an animal); -- also without obj.; quellen as beste, slaughter (sb.) like an animal; quellen

76. quēthen v.

177 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
With direct discourse: (a) with a direct declarative, imperative, or exclamatory quotation: to say (sth.), command, exclaim; (b) quethen to (til, unto), with direct quotation: to say (sth.) to (sb.)…

77. rāthe adj.

15 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Eager, prompt; also, rash; (b) aroused, provoked; ?angry; (c) early, soon; to rathe, too early; (d) important, prominent, principal; sup. rathest, of first quality, best; (e) in surnames.

78. rāth(e adv.

Additional spellings: rathe
78 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Immediately, quickly, at once; before long, shortly; rath and sone, sone and rath; (b) al (wel) rath, at once; more (ful, most, so, swithe, wonderli) rath; al) to rath; inough rath [see also inoug

79. rẹ̄kels n.

41 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Incense, frankincense; rekels fat [OE recels-fæt], a vessel for incense; a censer, thurible; (b) the smoke or aroma of incense; rekels smoke; (c) med. frankincense used in ointments, etc.; bastard

80. rēpen v.(1)

59 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To reap (a crop), harvest (grain, etc.); also fig.; repen tilthes, harvested cereal crops; (b) to cut grain, gather a harvest; also, glean; also, do reaping as a customary rent; also fig.; (c) to…

81. reuen v.(1)

221 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To regret (sth., how sth. happens); -- also refl.; be embarrassed or shamed by (sth.) [quot.: c1395]; grieve (to do sth.); reuen res, regret (an action, esp. a rash action); (b) to feel regret, be…

82. rī̆pe n.(1)

42 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The action of reaping or harvesting; also, harvest time; barli ripe; dai (time) of ripe; (b) that which is reaped, harvest, fruit; a sheaf of grain; also, ?a bundle or lot of metalware [quot…

83. sẹ̄den v.

20 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To produce seed; go or run to seed; also, take root, sprout, grow; (b) to sow seed; (c) fig. to flower, flourish.

84. seien v.(1)

1389 quotations in 25 senses
Sense / Definition
With direct quotation: (a) to say (certain specified words), utter; (b) to say (certain specified words to sb., to oneself, among a group, etc.); seien aye, say (certain specified words) in reply (to…

85. sẹ̄men v.(3)

8 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
To load (sth. on sb.); also, load (sb., a beast, with sth.); also fig.; ppl. semed, loaded.

86. setten v.

1640 quotations in 40 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To make (sb.) sit, seat (sb.); also, with partitive construction: setten of..over heigh setle, fig. seat (someone's offspring) upon (his) high throne, make to rule; setten adoun (doun, up), make…

87. sē̆ven num.

238 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
Cardinal number as adj.: (a) seven; six other seven, six or seven (things); also, about half a dozen (summoners); (b) sevenfold; seven double, seven times as much; seven so, seven times as (bright…

88. sē̆venth(e num.

Additional spellings: seventhe
57 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Ordinal number as adj.: seventh; (b) in combs. & phrases: seventh dai, a commemorative service performed seven days after a person's death; in-to the seventh folde, seven times as much; the

89. shāmeful(le adj.

Additional spellings: shamefulle
40 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Modest; humble; respectful of propriety; (b) seized with the feeling of shame, ashamed; also, blushing, showing signs of shame [quot.: Capgr.Rome]; also, sup. as noun: a profound feeling of shame…

90. shāmefulnes(se n.

Additional spellings: shamefulnesse
4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The feeling of being in disgrace; the outward manifestation of this feeling, blushing; (b) the state of being in dishonor or disgrace, ignominy; humiliation.

91. shāmelī adj.

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Shameful, disgraceful; deserving of reproach and condemnation; also, causing shame or dishonor; shameli deth (ende), an ignominious death; shameli parties, the male genitalia.

92. shẹ̄ pron.

165 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
As anaph. or pers. pron.: (a) the female person referred to, she; (b) used pleonastically, or for emphasis; (c) with antecedent in apposition following: she; she this, usu. translating L haec or ista

93. shēden v.

261 quotations in 13 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To divide (people, things); separate (sb. or oneself from sb. or sth., sth. from sth.); also fig.; also, take (sb.) away [quot.: Gen.& Ex.208]; also, declare or determine (dissension between…

94. shẹ̄p n.

286 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A ruminant of the genus Ovis, a domestic sheep; (b) a male sheep, a ram; also, Aries, a sign of the zodiac; shep wether, wether shep; (c) a female sheep, a ewe; moder shep.

95. sheppende n.

20 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) God as the creator of the universe, its parts, creatures, etc.; (b) pl. the Fates as the shapers of a child's destiny.

96. shraf n.

16 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A cave; also fig.; (b) in place names [see Smith PNElem.2.113-14].

97. shulder n.

110 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The shoulder of a person; also used of an image or of God; also, the part of the body comprising the shoulders and the region between them; shulder joint; (b) more (louer) bi the shulderes, head…

98. shulen v.(1)

1416 quotations in 35 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To owe (sb. money, a debt, etc.); owe (tribute to sb.), have to pay (a sum to the king or an official); shulen to, owe (tribute) to (the government); also, owe (a duty, fee) for (the customs…

99. silver n.

193 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The metal silver; also, silver ore; also fig. [quot.: Rolle Psalter, 1st occurrence]; filinge (isweorf, shavinge) of silver, silver filings; gobet of silver, a piece or strip of silver; (b) silver

100. sitthe adv.

76 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Afterward, after that, then; subsequently, since then; (b) sitthe after (hider-ward, til this time), from that time until now; al-weies (ever) sitthe, ever afterward, ever since; longe sitthe