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1. ā̆l-gē̆r n.

Additional spellings: alger
4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Eel spear, fish spear.

2. anlē̆t n.

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Face; (b) forehead; (c) appearance, looks; image.

3. blēt adj. & n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Bare (boughs); (b) bareness, lack of cover.

4. bōle n.(1)

141 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A bull; fre bole, a bull free to roam with the herd [see Homans Eng.Villagers 61-3]; (b) a steer or bullock.

5. brīne n.(2)

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Salt water, brine; (b) setten in brine, to make (land) salty (hence barren); lond of brine, a desert.

6. bught n.

13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A bend or curve; loop (of thread or yarn); fold (of cloth); loop (in a dragon's tail); (b) a hollow or curve in the body; bught of the arm, the angle of the elbow; bught of the kne (leg), the…

7. buil n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A curved handle.

8. bush n.(1)

73 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A woods, grove; thicket, underbrush; bank and bush, hill and (wooded) dale; under the bush, in (the shelter of) the woods; (b) rank growth.

9. butte n.(4)

10 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The end of a spear or pike opposite the head, butt; (b) naut.?the end of a plank in a ship's side; ?also, one of the planks.

10. colk n.

10 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The core (of an apple); the heart (of an onion); sparen neither appel ne colk, to do all one can, go as quickly as possible; (b) the center or bottom (of the heart).

11. crā̆k n.(2)

15 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A bursting or splitting sound, a crash; (b) a fart; (c) the sound of a trumpet.

12. craue n.

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Neck; throat; (b) crop of a bird or fowl, craw.

13. cringle n.

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
In place names only [see Smith PNElem. 2.7]: a circle, bend.

14. crop-mader n.

Additional spellings: cropmader
5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Madder.

15. cunte n.

17 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A woman's private parts; cunte-beten, impotent (man); (b) the corresponding organ(s) of a female animal; (c) sexual intercourse; (d) in place names and surnames; grope cunte lane [see gropen v.]…

16. draf n.

43 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Refuse of grain, chaff, husks; ?also, bran; fig. the worthless part of something; (b) waste parts of grapes or olives after removal of juice or oil; also fig.; (c) solid parts of leaves or herbs…

17. draught n.

163 quotations in 12 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The action of pulling, a pull, pulling in harness; (b) pulling or drawing a net to catch birds or fish; (c) the drawing of water from a well; drawing of liquor from a cask, etc.; (d) one cut of a…

18. drift n.

25 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Driving cattle to pasture; (b) a drove or herd; a group of persons; drift of fisheres.

19. dwẹ̄re n.

16 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Doubt, perplexity, uncertainty; in (a) dwere, in doubt; without dwere, without question, certainly; (b) ?disagreement, dissension; ?distress, trouble; (c) amazement, awe; dread, fear.

20. elsen n.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
An awl or some other pointed instrument or tool; elsen blad, the blade of such an instrument.

21. fīst n.(2)

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A fart; (b) wolves fest, puff-ball (a fungus).

22. gāte-shā̆del n.

Additional spellings: gateshadel
8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A place where roads intersect, a crossroad; the point at which a road divides into two or more branches.

23. gōt(e, gǒute n.

Additional spellings: gote, goute
26 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A stream of water; watercourse, brook; a current or swell of the ocean; also, a stream of blood; (b) a channel, ditch, drain; a sluice; (c) got nail, some kind of nail; (d) in place names [see…

24. grāpe n.(2)

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A kind of pitchfork, dungfork; (b) ?a trowel.

25. greive n.

15 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A steward; headman of a town or village; also, a royal official; (b) as surname; also in cpds.: bern greive, fen greive [see also plough greive, wode greive].

26. grim n.(1)

13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Fierceness; (b) fury, anger, hatred; o grim, angrily; taken to grim, to be angered, take offense; (c) excitement, agitation; (d) terrible creature(s.

27. grundel n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) ?A fish, a groundling; ?a bird [cp. L fringilla, ML frigellus]; (b) as surname.

28. harwe n.

34 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A harrow for cultivating land, a drag; gon at harwe, to drive a harrow; (b) fig. the Old or New Testament; the power of Love (with pun on arwe); also, in proverb; (c) harwe tind (toth), a tooth of…

29. hechel(e n.

Additional spellings: hechele
8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
An instrument for carding flax, a flax comb, a hatchel; hechel maker.

30. hē̆ring n.

70 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A herring Clupea harengus; (b) red hering, smoked herring; whit hering, herring salted but not smoked; (c) hering barel, a cask for herring; hering breder (carter), one who roasts (hauls) herring…

31. herre n.(2)

26 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Liege lord, sovereign, chief; a superior (secular or ecclesiastical); haven (holden) for herre, to acknowledge (sb.) as lord, do homage to; (b) a nobleman; (c) a warrior; (d) ?the sire of a horse…

32. hol(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: hole
39 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A husk or shell; the seedpod of a leguminous plant [see also pese hol], the hull of grain, the skin of a grape, the cupule of an acorn, etc.; (b) the shell of a whelk; (c) ?the skin of a person…

33. họ̄p n.

36 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A circular band of wood or metal, used for barrels, wheels, candelabra; a hoop, ring; welle hop, q.v.; (b) a circular band used to support the sign outside a house or inn; (c) one of the ribs of a…

34. hukker n.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A petty merchant, peddler, male huckster; ?also, an auctioneer; (b) in surnames.

35. hukster(e n.

Additional spellings: hukstere
33 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A petty merchant, a peddler; -- often used contemptuously; (b) in names.

36. knarre n.

19 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A crag, twisted rock; (b) in place names [see Smith PNElem. 1.102].

37. knọ̄st n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A lump; ?a swelling, ?a tumor.

38. lak n.

124 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Lack, absence, want; shortage, deficiency; default of payment; lak of sacramentes, failure to receive the sacraments; no lak (of, no shortage (of, no deficiency (of; pens lak, q.v.; (b) for lak of

39. latthe n.

60 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A long, thin strip of wood used in building; esp. such a strip nailed to rafters to form a support for shingles, tiles, or slates; ?also, a shingle; herte latthe [see herte 1d. (c)]; (b) latthe

40. lob n.

10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The pollack (Gadus pollachius); lob fish; (b) a lazy lout, lubber; ?also, a bundle of clothing [quot.: c1475]; (c) as surname.

41. maskel n.

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Spot, mark; blemish; (b) pl. the strands or cords of a net; also, the openings between the strands or cords of a net; (c) gise of maskel, ?lozenge shaped.

42. mē̆r(e-min n.

Additional spellings: mermin, mere-min, mere-min
7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) = mer(e-maid(e 1.; (b) = mer(e-maiden (b).

43. mīre n.(2)

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
An ant; also, as surname.

44. molle n.(1)

27 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The common European mole (Talpa europæa); as an ingredient in medicine; also as an image of covetousness or folly; moseling molle [see moselen (d)]; (b) molle hep, molle hille, mole hill; molle

45. nēse n.

60 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The nose as part of the human body; brigge of the nese [see also brigge 2. (f)]; nese ende, the tip of the nose; nese gristil, the cartilage of the nose; (b) the nose of a man or animal as an…

46. pī̆k(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: pike
124 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A spike; a pointed tip or spike on a staff, pole, weapon, instrument of torture, etc.; a spike affixed to a door or wall; also, a spike used to tear or wound someone; also fig.; → of iren, an iron…

47. pit n.

200 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A natural or man-made depression in the ground, hole, pit, ditch; cave; also fig.; also, an open excavation from which some mineral product is obtained or in which some industrial process is…

48. plek(ke n.

Additional spellings: plekke
19 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A piece or patch of land; (b) a spot or speck; a spot or blemish as an outward sign of sin; (c) in surnames and place names [see Smith PNElem.2.67].

49. quēd(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: quede
93 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Evil, wickedness; (b) an evil thing or event; a wicked act or sin; harm or trouble; sickness or injury; (c) boden qued, to foretell evil; don (to) qued, do evil, do wrong; don (spien, waiten,

50. rak n.(2)

40 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A rack, esp. for kitchen use; framework; a bar for hanging pots, etc.; a roasting spit or a support for a spit; fir rak; (b) a framework or rack for holding fodder for livestock, manger; -- also…

51. rat n.

25 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A rat; rat trappe; rattes bait; (b) in surnames and place names [see Smith PNElem.2.79].

52. ratele n.

23 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
In the names of plants: (a) simply: any of several unrelated plants, including especially ground pine Ajuga chamaepitys, wall or common germander Teucrium chamaedrys, yellow rattle Rhinanthus

53. rē̆st(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: reste
281 quotations in 9 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Rest due to sleep; repose; slumber; -- also pl.; at (in, on) rest, at rest, asleep; oute of rest, out of sleep; (b) the repose of the grave, death; rest of the ded, repose of death; at rest, dead…

54. rī̆de-wei n.

Additional spellings: ridewei
1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A riding path, bridle path.

55. ringil n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A small metal ring; (b) in place name.

56. rōp n.(2)

94 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A strong, heavy cord, a rope; a tightrope [quots.: a1425, ?c1475]; leten haven to longe rop, to give (sb.) too much freedom; pullen up rop and stake, break camp; taken everi ropes ende, ?join in…

57. rọ̄re n.(2)

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Confusion, tumult, uproar; bringen upon a rore, setten in rore, to plunge (a city, the world) into confusion.

58. scurf n.

23 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A scaly or scabby disease of the skin, esp. of the head; also, a similar disease in sheep [quot.: Palladius]; (b) the dry slough or scab produced by a caustic medicine, the bursting of a…

59. sēl(e n.(2)

Additional spellings: sele
36 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The common seal Phoca vitulina, a marine carnivorous mammal; -- sometimes confused with other marine mammals such as the whale [last quot.] and perh. the porpoise [quot.: 1440]; also, the seal…

60. sēl(e n.(4)

Additional spellings: sele
4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A harness; also, part of a harness, ?a hame.

61. shēd(e n.

Additional spellings: shede
29 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The parting of the hair; ?also, the crown of the head; shed of the here, shed of hed, hed shed; (b) difference, distinction; maken shed, to discern a difference; (c) the faculty of discernment…

62. shel(le n.

Additional spellings: shelle
105 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) In general, the protective calcareous or chitinous outer covering of an invertebrate, a shell; (b) the shell of a mollusk, crustacean, or an echinoderm; also fig.; also in proverb; (c) shel fish […

63. shelp n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A sandbar in a river.

64. shin(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: shine
30 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The leg below the knee; the front part of the lower leg, shin; also, the shinbone; ?also, the leg [quot.: NV Psalter]; (b) shin bon [OE scin-bān], the shinbone, tibia; ?also, error for chin-bon

65. shok n.

14 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
A group of sheaves of grain placed on end and leaning against one another in order to dry, a shock, stook; (b) fig.

66. shulder n.

110 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The shoulder of a person; also used of an image or of God; also, the part of the body comprising the shoulders and the region between them; shulder joint; (b) more (louer) bi the shulderes, head…

67. singrẹ̄ne n.

21 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A plant, prob. houseleek (Sempervivum tectorum); part of this plant, used medicinally.

68. sive n.

52 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A strainer, sieve; also, a fishing net [cp. sein(e n.(a)]; (b) in cpds. & combs.: sive makere; clensing sive; here sive, q.v.; heren sive; malt sive; mele sive; (c) in prov. expressions; (d) a dry…

69. skil n.

340 quotations in 11 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The intellectual faculty, reason; also person.; wit and skil; (b) skil wille (lereth, mot sen), reason demands (teaches, might discover); skil witnesse, reason; -- ?error for skil-wisnes n.; a

70. skipper(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: skippere
8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The captain or master of a ship; (b) as surname [some quots. may belong to skipper(e n.(2)(c)].

71. slop(pe n.

Additional spellings: sloppe
15 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A loose outer garment; (b) a magic bag for stealing milk; (c) a kind of shoe; (d) in surname.

72. smert(e n.

Additional spellings: smerte
32 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Physical pain; also, harm [quot. a1420]; also, a burn [quot. 1440]; don smert, to cause (an animal) pain, harm; (b) grief, sorrow, annoyance; also fig. of Jesus; also, contrition, remorse; (c)…

73. snotte n.

10 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Nasal mucus; (b) ?a head cold, the sniffles; ?nasal polyps.

74. snǒut(e n.

Additional spellings: snoute
37 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The snout of a swine, boar, rhinoceros, dog, dragon, etc.; ?also with pun on sense 2.(a) [2nd quot.]; ?also, the bill or beak of a bird [quot. 1440]; (b) the trunk of an elephant.

75. sōpe n.(2)

49 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A substance, often liquid in form, made by boiling a mixture of oils or fats and lye, and used for washing and cleansing and in medicine as a cleansing agent, corrosive, etc., soap; also, fig. a…

76. sǒue n.(2)

70 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A female swine, sow; soue swin, swin soue; soue blod (flesh, milk, pappe, tail); (b) a representation of a sow in sculpture; (c) fig. as a symbol of gluttony; (d) soues thistel, = soue-thistel n…

77. sough n.

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A swamp, bog; (b) a gutter, sewer, drain; a place where waste collects; (c) ?in surnames and field name.

78. spalle n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A splinter, chip.

79. spang n.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A small piece of ornamental metal, a spangle; a small ornament; -- also coll.; (b) a bowl or cup of some kind.

80. sparre n.

45 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A piece of timber used in building; a rafter, beam; a board; -- also coll.; firre sparre; hilinge of sparres, a roof; joininge of sparres, a roof or building; maister sparre, a main beam or…

81. spekel n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A spark, bit of burning ash; (b) a gold-colored fleck; (c) ?a diamond-shaped spot.

82. spīking(e n.

Additional spellings: spikinge
28 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A large iron nail; -- also coll.; ?also, the act of fastening with a spike [quot. 1431-2]; spiking nail; cok spiking, ?a nail resembling a cockspur; double (gret, gros, middel) spiking.

83. spīr(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: spire
29 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The stalk or blade of a plant; -- also coll.; a reed (Phragmites communis) or reedlike plant; also, coll. a clump of reeds; also, fig. an arrowhead [quot. a1425 *Medulla]; gras spir; red spir, a…

84. spot n.(1)

83 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A stain left by something on a surface, a blot; also in fig. context; (b) fig. ?contamination or stain resulting from intercourse; (c) a patch or mark in the fur of an animal, on the body of a…

85. stāle n.(3)

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) One of the uprights of a ladder; also, ?a post or pillar [2nd quot.]; laddere stale; (b) a rung in a ladder; also, a position in a series, a tier [2nd quot.]; (c) a handle; (d) a shoot of a plant…

86. stem(me n.(1)

Additional spellings: stemme
9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The main body or stem of a tree; also fig.; (b) naut. either the stem- or stern-post of a ship; stem lok, = stampne-lok [s.v. stampne n. (a)]; stem nekke, a curved part of the stem; stem pece, one…

87. stilt(e n.

Additional spellings: stilte
16 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The handle of a plow; (b) a wooden crutch; an artificial leg, peg leg; also, a stilt; stilt bond, a strap for attaching a stilt or a peg leg; (c) ?one of the uprights of a ladder; (d) in surname.

88. stok n.(1)

283 quotations in 12 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The trunk of a living tree; the base of a tree; the part of a bush or tree receiving a graft; also, a tree [quot. a1382, 1st]; also, ?a branch [quot. a1382, 2nd]; crabbe (fige, vine) stok; comen

89. stọ̄l n.

80 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A stool on which to sit; a seat, pew, bench; also, a place for sitting [2nd quot.]; bai stol, a seat placed in an alcove or before a bay window; folding stol, a faldstool; joined stol, a joint…

90. stọ̄̆th(e n.

Additional spellings: stothe
23 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) An upright piece of timber used as support in a wall, partition, etc. [quots. ?c1475 and a1500 may belong to sense 4]; stoth nail, nails of some kind used in fastening such timbers; (b) fig. a…

91. strau n.

155 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Coll. The dried stalks of grain after threshing, straw; also in fig. context [quot. a1475]; -- also pl.; stubbe strau; (b) a stalk or stem; a piece of straw; in the strau, on the stalk, before…

92. strop(pe n.(1)

Additional spellings: stroppe
12 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A loop or strap on a horse's harness; ?also, some kind of strap for a cart; (b) naut. a loop of rope, hide, or metal used to connect blocks and yards with the ropes in a ship's rigging, a strop…

93. swalm n.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An inflammation or a swelling in the body; also fig.; (b) sickness, disease; lien in swalm, to be incapacitated with sickness.

94. swam n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A mushroom or other fungus; (b) swam water, ?a stagnant pool, swamp water; ?a bog or marsh; (c) in surname.

95. swarm n.

17 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A colony of bees, swarm; also, a compact group of flying bees; swarm of ben; gon awei at swarmes, to depart in swarms; (b) a dense crowd or throng of persons; (c) most swarmes of children, large…

96. Swēthe n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Sweden; Swethe lond (riche).

97. swingel n.

24 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Scourging; a beating, blow; also, punishment, chastisement; divine affliction; a punishment, an affliction; (b) a rod or flail for beating flax or hemp to remove the coarse particles, a swingle…

98. talou(e n.

Additional spellings: taloue
83 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The fatty tissue of an animal; fatty tissue from around the kidneys or other internal organs of an animal; also fig. and in fig. contexts [some fig. quots. could also be construed as other senses…

99. tapē̆t(e n.

Additional spellings: tapete
31 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A piece of decorative fabric bearing a painted, embroidered, or woven pattern or figures and used variously as a carpet, coverlet, bed or wall hanging, or the like, a tapestry; also fig.; also in…

100. tā̆velin n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
?One of a pair of boards used to hold a bundle of skins; ?a small piece of fur, a skin.