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1. bēr(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: bere
69 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A bear; (b) blak ber, a bear with black fur; whit ber, white bear, polar bear; wild ber, untamed bear; (c) ber baiting, the sport of setting dogs upon a bear chained to a stake; ber binder, bear…

2. blacche n.

17 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A black pigment or dye; esp., black ink; (b) black color; (c) a black person; (d) blacche of souteres, a company of cobblers; (e) blacche man, ?a maker or seller of black ink or dye; blacche pot

3. cappe n.

61 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A headdress, a hat; esp., a small head covering worn under the hood; (b) a priest's close-fitting cap, the coif covering the tonsure; also, any kind of head covering for ecclesiastics; (c) a…

4. cǒu-hē̆rde n.

Additional spellings: couherde
22 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
One who tends cows, a cowherd.

5. craft n.(1)

200 quotations in 11 senses
Sense / Definition
Strength, force, power; also, moral strength, a virtue.

6. crāven v.

61 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To ask for (sth.), ask (sb.) for (sth.), beg, pray, request; be asking; (b) craven after (for, upon), to ask for (sth.); craven at (of, on, unto), ask (sb.), beg, importune; (c) to beg, be a…

7. drast n.

46 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Dregs, lees; sediment, scum; -- usually pl.; (b) the refuse of grapes after the juice has been pressed out; drastes of honi, wax; (c) dirt, refuse; also, garbage (?or mast) fed to hogs; (d) fig.

8. drẹ̄pen v.(2)

12 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To drip; of a liquid: to fall in drops, drip; (b) drepen with, to moisten or smear (sb.) with (sth.); (c) to droop, sink down; be faint-hearted, languish; dreping mone, ?a waning moon; (d) to lie…

9. eit n.

10 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
An island.

10. gadeling n.

38 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A companion in arms; man, fellow; (b) a person of low birth; a base fellow, rascal, scoundrel; ?a bastard; (c) as adj.: base, lowborn; (d) in place name [see Smith PNElem. 1.191].

11. gāte n.(1)

239 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A gateway; a gate of a city, castle, house, etc.; also, a doorway; flod gate, a floodgate; (b) the movable barrier which closes off a gateway; one of the valves of a double gate; ?a portcullis…

12. gē̆ten v.(1)

330 quotations in 13 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To acquire (sth.), earn, buy, win, receive, find; ivel geten, ill-gotten; fals geten, got by falsehood; (b) refl.

13. glā̆d adj.

181 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of persons, creatures: joyful, merry, gay; cheerful, jolly; full of joyous or festive spirits, rejoicing; glad in (on) herte, glad of chere; glad and blithe, glad and joli, glad and light, glad

14. glā̆den v.

135 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To gladden (persons or creatures); make joyful, fill with joy or bliss; also, cheer (sb.), encourage, comfort; ben gladed of, be cheered by (sth.); (b) in pious asserverations and exclamations…

15. glas n.

102 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Glass as substance, material, or a manufactured commodity; bright (brotel, clene, cler, grei, pur, slider) as glas, etc.; also, glemen (shinen) as glas; (b) a piece or splinter of glass.

16. glā̆sen adj.

26 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Made of glass; (b) yeven a glasen houve, to delude (sb.); glasen glose, a deluding or sophistical interpretation; (c) glasen wright, a glazier.

17. gnat n.

35 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Any of various small, flying insects; esp. the European gnat (Culex pipiens); (b) as a symbol of something small or inconsequential; clensen (sen) the gnat and swolwen the flie (camel), to strain…

18. grāve n.(1)

48 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The burial place of a corpse; esp. a hole or pit dug for the body; hertes grave, secret place of the heart, depths of the heart; grave brekere; grave makere; (b) a monument, tomb, mausoleum; (c)…

19. gref(e n.

Additional spellings: grefe
5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A writing or engraving instrument, a stylus.

20. grēve n.(2)

15 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A low place, a hollow; a cave, pit, hole in the ground [see also ston greve]; (b) in place names [see Smith PNElem. 1.207-8].

21. grisbā̆ten v.

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To grind one's teeth in anger or sorrow; grisbaten with teth.

22. haft n.

22 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The handle of a weapon, tool, surgical instrument, etc.; hilt of a sword, knife, dagger, etc.; helve of an ax; the upper part of the breastbone (manubrium sterni); also, staff of a flag [quot…

23. hail n.

61 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Hailstones falling or fallen in a storm; hail reighnesse, hail shour [OE hagol-scūr], hail storm; storm of hail, tempest of hail; as (so) thik as hail, as closely massed as falling hailstones; (b)…

24. hāsel n.

71 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The European hazel bush or tree (Corylus avellana); flour (chattes) of hasel, catkins of the hazel; rednesse of hasel, ?the red stigmas of the female catkins of the hazel; (b) the wood of a hazel…

25. hasp(e n.

Additional spellings: haspe
41 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A fastening for a door, gate, chest, etc.; a hasp; up bi the hasp, unfastened, unlatched; barre and hasp, stapel and hasp; (b) a fastening for a garment or a helmet; ?a buckle, ?a lace; (c) a hank…

26. haspen v.

13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To fasten (a door) shut; (b) to fasten (a helmet), buckle or lace; haspen on; (c) haspen togedere(s, to fasten (things) together; haspen on, attach (sth.) to (sth.); (d) to wrap (oneself) in a…

27. hater(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: hatere
27 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Clothes, garments, clothing; -- pl. or coll.; (b) a garment [see also barm hater]; (c) torn garment(s, rags; (d) in surnames; hater mongere, a seller of clothing.

28. hauk n.(1)

91 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A hawk or falcon; esp., any of the falcons used in hawking; (b) haukes and houndes, hound(es and hauk(es, hawks and hounds; -- as a symbol of wealth and cultivated leisure; (c) beren hauk, to…

29. hā̆ven v.

1676 quotations in 26 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To possess (sth.), own; nadda non, she had none; we havt, we have it; ppl. havand, wealthy; (b) to possess (land, an estate or inheritance, a city, town, manor, etc.); -- also used fig.; (c) to…

30. heftnunge ger.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Captivity.

31. hēlden v.

138 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To pour (sth.), pour away, spill; heap, pile up; throw out (ashes); helden ful, fill (a dish) full (of blood); helden in with, pour (water) on (sth.); (b) fig. to shed (grace, joy, light, etc.)…

32. hẹ̄ning ger.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
An insult; haven in hening, to condemn (sb.), treat with contempt.

33. hẹ̄r-after adv.

Additional spellings: herafter
68 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) After this present time, in the future, later on; (b) after death, in the hereafter; (c) from now on, henceforth; (d) after some time or event in the past, after that; (e) after this point in a…

34. hẹ̄rd(e n.(2)

Additional spellings: herde
114 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A herdsman; a keeper of cattle, hogs, horses, goats, or any kind of livestock; asse herd, aver herd, calf herd, colt herd, cou herd, gelde herd, gos herd, got herd, hog herd, hors herd, lomb herd,

35. hē̆ring n.

70 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A herring Clupea harengus; (b) red hering, smoked herring; whit hering, herring salted but not smoked; (c) hering barel, a cask for herring; hering breder (carter), one who roasts (hauls) herring…

36. hẹ̄̆rsumen v.

13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To obey (sb.), serve; worship (God, a god, an idol); (b) to be subservient to (sin, one's belly).

37. hervest n.

89 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The season of autumn, fall (variously dated, sometimes from mid-September to November or December, sometimes including August); holi rode dai (tide) in hervest, the feast of the Exaltation of the…

38. heu n.

134 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Color; also, brightness or freshness of color; of on heu, in solid color(s; clothen in heu, to take (a lady's) colors, become her servant; (b) paint, dye, pigment; fig. a rhetorical color; (c) fig

39. hīne n.

97 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A household, servants collectively; (b) a religious familia, monastic community; -- only in place names [see Smith PNElem. 1.247].

40. hīred n.

73 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A household; the familia of a cathedral; an eccl. court [last quot.]; the heavenly retinue of the Virgin Mary, the Devil's retinue; fig. the senses and desires of man; hiredes alder (lord), the…

41. hornet n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A hornet; (b) a beetle.

42. igladen v.

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To make (sb.) happy, gladden, cheer; (b) to be happy, rejoice; (c) to relieve (a diseased organ), soothe, comfort.

43. ihēlen v.(2)

30 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To cover (sth.), deck; (b) to cover (sb., the body, an animal) with clothing or armor; clothe (sb.).

44. ihẹ̄rsumen v.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To obey (sb.); (b) to be obedient.

45. ilīf-festen v.

Additional spellings: iliffesten
2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To endow (a creature) with life.

46. imæhte n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Might, power.

47. imerren v.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To impair (sth.), mar; disfigure (sb.), sLay.

48. iquēthen v.

32 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To say (sth.), speak (words); (b) to specify (a time) by prophecy; (c) to say (sth.) in writing, mention.

49. iseien v.

92 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To speak; say (sth.); tell (sb.), speak to; say (sth. to sb.); so) as ich have iseid; (b) to name (sb.), call; call (sb. sth.); derive (a word from another).

50. isitten v.

19 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To occupy (a seat of authority); (b) to sit, seat oneself; sit to a meal, sit in judgment; ben isete(n, be seated; isitten adoun, sit down; isitten akne, kneel; (c) isitten up, to raise the body…

51. istathelen v.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To establish (the earth, government); (b) to give stability to (a country); (c) ppl. istatheled, ?reestablished, ?restored.

52. ithaght n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Counseling, deliberation.

53. iwẹ̄lden v.

18 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To overcome (sb., a city); (b) to subdue (sth., a vice, a disease); (c) to temper (sth.), allay.

54. iwerken v.

95 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To create (sth., the universe, mankind); ppl. iwrought, of a human: born, destined to be (sth.); (b) to make (sth. from some material), manufacture, construct; (c) to build (a city, a building)…

55. iwerpen v.

9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To throw (sth. or sb.), cast; (b) to cast (lots); also, destine (sth. for sb.), ordain; (c) to pelt (sb. with missiles).

56. iwhilch pron.

21 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Some people; (b) each one; anre iwhilch [OE ānra gehwilc], each one, every one.

57. iwiten v.(1)

72 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To know (sth.); bolder iwist, known to be bolder; (b) to learn (sth.), find out; -- also used absol.; (c) to know about (sth. or sb.), be aware of, notice; realize (that sth. is true); iwiten of

58. Kentwærre n. plural

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
The men of Kent; Kentwærre burgh, Canterbury.

59. knāve n.(1)

155 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A male infant; male offspring, son; (b) a boy, lad; (c) a young man, man, male; -- also as a familiar term of address [quot.: ?a1300].

60. lacchen v.(1)

156 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To catch (an animal, bird, fish), snare, trap; also fig. ensnare (sb.) in sin, entrap; refl. become ensnared, get caught; (b) to apprehend (sb.), arrest, catch; (c) to capture (sb., a war horse…

61. lāte n.

12 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Lateness, fact of being late or recent; for late, on account of lateness in the day; for late of the night; of (on, upon) late, of late agon, of late, recently, lately; not of late; to late, at…

62. lāt(e adj.

Additional spellings: late
68 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Slow, sluggish; reluctant; lat man in treuth, a man reluctant to believe; (b) ?negligent, remiss; (c) deliberate in moving; slow to anger.

63. lāt(e adv.

Additional spellings: late
142 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
Slowly; also, reluctantly; lat or yerne, slowly or quickly, ?reluctantly or eagerly.

64. lāter(e adj. (comparative)

Additional spellings: latere
47 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Less early, later; produced, originating, born, brought out, uttered, coming, or occurring at a later time; of later date (yeres), of later date (years), more recent; (b) later ende, the latter…

65. lāter(e adv. comparative

Additional spellings: latere
26 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) At a later time; later or (other) rather, rather other later, er or later, sooner or later; (b) more tardily.

66. lāthen v.

23 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To invite (sb. to one's house, to a place); give or issue an invitation; fig. invite (sb. into or out of a state or condition); (b) to invite (sb. to a feast, to a meal); invite (sb. to eat or…

67. latteu n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Guide, leader, director.

68. lāven v.

28 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To wash (sb. or sth.); bathe (sb.); moisten (sth.); wet; also fig.; (b) of water or blood: to stream, flow; swell; well; lavande teres, flowing tears; laven ablode (aswote), stream with blood…

69. lẹ̄che-craft n.

Additional spellings: lechecraft
45 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The art or science of medicine and/or surgery; -- also used in pl.; also, magic [quot.: a1225]; (b) the practice or profession of medicine and/or surgery.

70. lēnen v.(1)

97 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To lean, support oneself; steady oneself while standing or walking; lean (on an ax, a spade, staff, one's elbow, etc.); -- also refl.; lenen on knes, kneel; -- often with bi, in, into, on, to, up

71. lēp n.(1)

37 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The act of jumping; a jump, leap; a spring of a fish from the water; at a (o) lep, in one jump; at lepes, ?quickly; lepen (taken, nimen, yeven) lep, to take a leap; maken lepes, leap about, play…

72. lēthen v.

26 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To free (sb.), let loose, set free; also, spare (sb.), save; (b) to loosen (bonds, a knot); also fig.; (c) to lessen the pressure on (one's heel).

73. līe adj.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Of persons and statements: mendacious, false.

74. līen v.(2)

165 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To tell a lie, speak falsely, deceive; lie to (sb.); (b) lien in, to slander (sb.); lien of, make a false claim for (sb., oneself), boast about; also, lie about (sth.); lien o, slander (sb…

75. listenen v.

90 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To listen to (sb. or sth.), be attentive to (sb. or sth.), pay heed to (sb. or sth.); hear and obey (sb. or sth.); hear (sb. or sth.); lithen and listenen, listenen and herkenen, lernen and

76. lō̆t n.(1)

117 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) An object used to make a decision by chance, a lot; drauen (casten, leien, senden) lot, drauen (casten, senden, werpen) lotes, to cast lots; casten lot bitwene, senden lot bitwixe, leien lot

77. lǒve n.(1)

643 quotations in 10 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Love (either the emotion itself or the manifestation of it in action or conduct); friendship, friendly behavior; (b) actual love, a specific feeling or expression of love; brenninge love, hot love

78. main n.

126 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Physical strength, vigor; might and main, main ne (no) might; muchel of main; (b) royal or political power, authority; (c) military might; also, troops, reinforcements; (d) force, application of…

79. man n.

694 quotations in 21 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A person, a man or woman; (b) erest men, the first men, Adam and Eve; cristen man, ded man, fals man, god man, haveles man, hethen man, ivel man, povre man, riche man, rightwis man, unilered man,

80. māselīche adv.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Foolishly.

81. mathelen v.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To talk, chatter; tell (sth.) to (sb.); mathelen wordes, speak; mathelen to, talk to (sb.).

82. matte n.

38 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A mat made of rushes, straw, etc., used on the floor or as a seat cover; (b) a pad or underlay for a bed; ?also, bedcover, quilt; (c) a piece of coarse fabric or matting; naut. ?piece of coarse…

83. mattok n.

31 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A mattock; an agricultural tool used for breaking up hard ground, gravel, etc. (sometimes identified with a pick, pickax, or twibill); also fig.; (b) ?as surname.

84. mē̆ adv. & interj.

12 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
But; on the contrary; moreover; -- often carrying great emphasis with minimum meaning.

85. mẹ̄le n.(2)

16 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A container; basin, bucket, tub, etc.; (b) a measure (of lime).

86. mer n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A hindrance; mer in mouth, a speech impediment.

87. messe n.(1)

267 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The celebration or occasion of the Eucharistic service; also, an instance of the celebration of this service; messe of the dai, the regular mass celebrated on any given day as specified by the…

88. mē̆ten v.(1)

95 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To measure (sb. or sth., a distance, a quantity); ppl. fiftene times meting, being measured 15 times, i.e., if its length is multiplied by 15; (b) to take measurements, take a measurement…

89. mē̆te-yēve n.

Additional spellings: meteyeve
2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
= mete-yevere.

90. mid-morwe n.

Additional spellings: midmorwe
21 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Midmorning, the middle part of the morning; also = undern, 9:00 a.m.; ?also = prime, 6:00 a.m.; mid-morwe dai (daies, tide, time), midmorning; (b) fig. the midmorning of life, childhood; mid-morwe

91. miǧǧern n.

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Diaphragm; ?also, spleen; (b) the fatty membrane covering the bowels [cp. mid-rif (b)].

92. mōrn n.

136 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Morning; dawn, break of day; neue yeres morn; paske morn, Easter morning; sevendai (sonnes) morn, Sunday morning; also fig.; (b) at (bi, in, on) morn, in the morning; bi forth morn, at dawn; in a

93. mō̆rwe n.

185 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Morning, the early part of the day; also, the dawn; houre of morwe, the canonical hour of matins; morwe dai [OE morgendæg], morning; half a morwe, half of a morning; (b) at morwe, bi (in, on) the

94. nā̆ddre n.

153 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A serpent, a snake; (b) water naddre, a serpent that lives in water; naddre eiren, snake eggs; naddre fot, serpent-footed; naddre hedes, naddre skin; etc.; (c) with reference or allusion to Gen.3…

95. nail n.

160 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A human fingernail or toenail; (b) in proverbial expressions; (c) a talon or claw of a bird or beast; also, a calf's hoof; (d) a disease of the eye in dogs and people; (e) a ring inset with a…

96. nailen v.

85 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To nail (sb. or sth. to sth.); nailen to cros (rode, tre), crucify (sb.); (b) to nail (sb. or sth. on sth.); nailen on cros (rode, rode-tre, tre), nailen o (a) rode, nailen upon cros (tre)

97. nāked adj.

193 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Not covered with clothing, unclothed, undressed; naked, nude, bare; also fig. [quot.: a1425]; naked bed, a bed in which one sleeps naked; as noun: a naked person; (b) lacking clothing; scantily…

98. nappen v.

27 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To sleep lightly, doze; sleep for a short time, nap; go to sleep; be asleep, sleep; fig. sleep in death; (b) to be sleepy, nod; be inattentive or careless; be stupefied (by a rebuke, by sorrow)…

99. nāvel(e n.

Additional spellings: navele
52 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The human navel, umbilicus; navel shaft (stede), navel; (b) the navel of a beast; imaginary navel of a bird, eel, or dragon; (c) the stomach of a whale; (d) navel wort, the plant navelwort…

100. nẹ̄̆r(re adj.

Additional spellings: nerre
60 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Nearer in space or time; ner dai, an earlier date; (b) more closely related by kinship; ner kin (sibbe); (c) in proverbs.