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1. blacche n.

17 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A black pigment or dye; esp., black ink; (b) black color; (c) a black person; (d) blacche of souteres, a company of cobblers; (e) blacche man, ?a maker or seller of black ink or dye; blacche pot

2. cappe n.

61 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A headdress, a hat; esp., a small head covering worn under the hood; (b) a priest's close-fitting cap, the coif covering the tonsure; also, any kind of head covering for ecclesiastics; (c) a…

3. cǒu-hē̆rde n.

Additional spellings: couherde
22 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
One who tends cows, a cowherd.

4. drast n.

46 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Dregs, lees; sediment, scum; -- usually pl.; (b) the refuse of grapes after the juice has been pressed out; drastes of honi, wax; (c) dirt, refuse; also, garbage (?or mast) fed to hogs; (d) fig.

5. eit n.

10 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
An island.

6. gadeling n.

38 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A companion in arms; man, fellow; (b) a person of low birth; a base fellow, rascal, scoundrel; ?a bastard; (c) as adj.: base, lowborn; (d) in place name [see Smith PNElem. 1.191].

7. gāte n.(1)

239 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A gateway; a gate of a city, castle, house, etc.; also, a doorway; flod gate, a floodgate; (b) the movable barrier which closes off a gateway; one of the valves of a double gate; ?a portcullis…

8. glas n.

102 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Glass as substance, material, or a manufactured commodity; bright (brotel, clene, cler, grei, pur, slider) as glas, etc.; also, glemen (shinen) as glas; (b) a piece or splinter of glass.

9. gnat n.

35 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Any of various small, flying insects; esp. the European gnat (Culex pipiens); (b) as a symbol of something small or inconsequential; clensen (sen) the gnat and swolwen the flie (camel), to strain…

10. grāve n.(1)

48 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The burial place of a corpse; esp. a hole or pit dug for the body; hertes grave, secret place of the heart, depths of the heart; grave brekere; grave makere; (b) a monument, tomb, mausoleum; (c)…

11. gref(e n.

Additional spellings: grefe
5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A writing or engraving instrument, a stylus.

12. grēve n.(2)

15 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A low place, a hollow; a cave, pit, hole in the ground [see also ston greve]; (b) in place names [see Smith PNElem. 1.207-8].

13. haft n.

22 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The handle of a weapon, tool, surgical instrument, etc.; hilt of a sword, knife, dagger, etc.; helve of an ax; the upper part of the breastbone (manubrium sterni); also, staff of a flag [quot…

14. hail n.

61 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Hailstones falling or fallen in a storm; hail reighnesse, hail shour [OE hagol-scūr], hail storm; storm of hail, tempest of hail; as (so) thik as hail, as closely massed as falling hailstones; (b)…

15. hāsel n.

71 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The European hazel bush or tree (Corylus avellana); flour (chattes) of hasel, catkins of the hazel; rednesse of hasel, ?the red stigmas of the female catkins of the hazel; (b) the wood of a hazel…

16. hasp(e n.

Additional spellings: haspe
41 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A fastening for a door, gate, chest, etc.; a hasp; up bi the hasp, unfastened, unlatched; barre and hasp, stapel and hasp; (b) a fastening for a garment or a helmet; ?a buckle, ?a lace; (c) a hank…

17. hater(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: hatere
27 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Clothes, garments, clothing; -- pl. or coll.; (b) a garment [see also barm hater]; (c) torn garment(s, rags; (d) in surnames; hater mongere, a seller of clothing.

18. hauk n.(1)

91 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A hawk or falcon; esp., any of the falcons used in hawking; (b) haukes and houndes, hound(es and hauk(es, hawks and hounds; -- as a symbol of wealth and cultivated leisure; (c) beren hauk, to…

19. hẹ̄rd(e n.(2)

Additional spellings: herde
114 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A herdsman; a keeper of cattle, hogs, horses, goats, or any kind of livestock; asse herd, aver herd, calf herd, colt herd, cou herd, gelde herd, gos herd, got herd, hog herd, hors herd, lomb herd,

20. hē̆ring n.

70 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A herring Clupea harengus; (b) red hering, smoked herring; whit hering, herring salted but not smoked; (c) hering barel, a cask for herring; hering breder (carter), one who roasts (hauls) herring…

21. hervest n.

89 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The season of autumn, fall (variously dated, sometimes from mid-September to November or December, sometimes including August); holi rode dai (tide) in hervest, the feast of the Exaltation of the…

22. heu n.

134 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Color; also, brightness or freshness of color; of on heu, in solid color(s; clothen in heu, to take (a lady's) colors, become her servant; (b) paint, dye, pigment; fig. a rhetorical color; (c) fig

23. hīne n.

97 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A household, servants collectively; (b) a religious familia, monastic community; -- only in place names [see Smith PNElem. 1.247].

24. hīred n.

73 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A household; the familia of a cathedral; an eccl. court [last quot.]; the heavenly retinue of the Virgin Mary, the Devil's retinue; fig. the senses and desires of man; hiredes alder (lord), the…

25. hornet n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A hornet; (b) a beetle.

26. imæhte n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Might, power.

27. ithaght n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Counseling, deliberation.

28. Kentwærre n. plural

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
The men of Kent; Kentwærre burgh, Canterbury.

29. knāve n.(1)

155 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A male infant; male offspring, son; (b) a boy, lad; (c) a young man, man, male; -- also as a familiar term of address [quot.: ?a1300].

30. lāte n.

12 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Lateness, fact of being late or recent; for late, on account of lateness in the day; for late of the night; of (on, upon) late, of late agon, of late, recently, lately; not of late; to late, at…

31. latteu n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Guide, leader, director.

32. lẹ̄che-craft n.

Additional spellings: lechecraft
45 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The art or science of medicine and/or surgery; -- also used in pl.; also, magic [quot.: a1225]; (b) the practice or profession of medicine and/or surgery.

33. lēp n.(1)

37 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The act of jumping; a jump, leap; a spring of a fish from the water; at a (o) lep, in one jump; at lepes, ?quickly; lepen (taken, nimen, yeven) lep, to take a leap; maken lepes, leap about, play…

34. lō̆t n.(1)

117 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) An object used to make a decision by chance, a lot; drauen (casten, leien, senden) lot, drauen (casten, senden, werpen) lotes, to cast lots; casten lot bitwene, senden lot bitwixe, leien lot

35. lǒve n.(1)

643 quotations in 10 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Love (either the emotion itself or the manifestation of it in action or conduct); friendship, friendly behavior; (b) actual love, a specific feeling or expression of love; brenninge love, hot love

36. main n.

126 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Physical strength, vigor; might and main, main ne (no) might; muchel of main; (b) royal or political power, authority; (c) military might; also, troops, reinforcements; (d) force, application of…

37. man n.

694 quotations in 21 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A person, a man or woman; (b) erest men, the first men, Adam and Eve; cristen man, ded man, fals man, god man, haveles man, hethen man, ivel man, povre man, riche man, rightwis man, unilered man,

38. matte n.

38 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A mat made of rushes, straw, etc., used on the floor or as a seat cover; (b) a pad or underlay for a bed; ?also, bedcover, quilt; (c) a piece of coarse fabric or matting; naut. ?piece of coarse…

39. mattok n.

31 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A mattock; an agricultural tool used for breaking up hard ground, gravel, etc. (sometimes identified with a pick, pickax, or twibill); also fig.; (b) ?as surname.

40. mẹ̄le n.(2)

16 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A container; basin, bucket, tub, etc.; (b) a measure (of lime).

41. mer n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A hindrance; mer in mouth, a speech impediment.

42. messe n.(1)

267 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The celebration or occasion of the Eucharistic service; also, an instance of the celebration of this service; messe of the dai, the regular mass celebrated on any given day as specified by the…

43. mid-morwe n.

Additional spellings: midmorwe
21 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Midmorning, the middle part of the morning; also = undern, 9:00 a.m.; ?also = prime, 6:00 a.m.; mid-morwe dai (daies, tide, time), midmorning; (b) fig. the midmorning of life, childhood; mid-morwe

44. miǧǧern n.

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Diaphragm; ?also, spleen; (b) the fatty membrane covering the bowels [cp. mid-rif (b)].

45. mōrn n.

136 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Morning; dawn, break of day; neue yeres morn; paske morn, Easter morning; sevendai (sonnes) morn, Sunday morning; also fig.; (b) at (bi, in, on) morn, in the morning; bi forth morn, at dawn; in a

46. mō̆rwe n.

185 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Morning, the early part of the day; also, the dawn; houre of morwe, the canonical hour of matins; morwe dai [OE morgendæg], morning; half a morwe, half of a morning; (b) at morwe, bi (in, on) the

47. nā̆ddre n.

153 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A serpent, a snake; (b) water naddre, a serpent that lives in water; naddre eiren, snake eggs; naddre fot, serpent-footed; naddre hedes, naddre skin; etc.; (c) with reference or allusion to Gen.3…

48. nail n.

160 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A human fingernail or toenail; (b) in proverbial expressions; (c) a talon or claw of a bird or beast; also, a calf's hoof; (d) a disease of the eye in dogs and people; (e) a ring inset with a…

49. nāvel(e n.

Additional spellings: navele
52 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The human navel, umbilicus; navel shaft (stede), navel; (b) the navel of a beast; imaginary navel of a bird, eel, or dragon; (c) the stomach of a whale; (d) navel wort, the plant navelwort…

50. nes(se n.

Additional spellings: nesse
33 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
In place names & surnames only: a headland, promontory: (a) in surnames; (b) in place names [see Smith PNElem. 2.48-49].

51. nite n.(1)

13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A nit, the egg of a louse, esp. of a head louse; also, young louse; also, a gnawing worm, ringworm, scabies.

52. oul n.

20 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A hook or hooked instrument; esp., one used as a torture instrument; ?also, a fork [quot.: a1200]; (b) a fleshhook.

53. pad(e n.

Additional spellings: pade
18 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A toad; (b) a frog; (c) pad pipe, a plant of the horsetail genus (Equisetum); pad stol, a mushroom, toadstool; (d) as surname and in place names [see Smith PNElem. 2.58].

54. pēk n.

26 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The name of a prominent hill in Derbyshire, the Peak; also, the hilly district of northern Derbyshire, especially the region of High Peak Hundred; north pek; also, in place names elsewhere [see…

55. pēse n.

131 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The edible seed of the pea plant (Pisum sativum); (b) grei pese, a variety of edible pea; grene pese, the immature seed of the pea plant; whit pese, a variety of edible pea; (c) benen and pesen,

56. prik(e n.

Additional spellings: prike
161 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A pointed object, something that punctures or stabs; spike; prik wise, the fashion of a prick or point; (b) a tapering end, point; the point of a spear; (c) the sting of an insect or a scorpion…

57. rail n.

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A garment; clothing; also, a cloth [quot.: c1150]; rail hous [OE hrægel-hūs], a room for storing clothes; rail thein [OE hrægel-þegn], a monastic officer in charge of clothes and vestments, a…

58. rāketeie n.

18 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A chain; a fetter; -- also coll.

59. rein n.(1)

119 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Rain; gret rein, heavy rain; litel rein, fine rain; (b) a spell of rain, shower of rain; (c) strem of rein, a stream, brook; rein of oure lord(es, ?divine or sacred rain.

60. renning(e n.

Additional spellings: renninge
10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Rennet; also, curdled milk from the intestines of various animals used asrennet; -- also pl.

61. rine n.(1)

18 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Running of a person or an animal; of (on) rine, in running [quot.: Ancr., 2nd]; on (with gret) rine, quickly, in violent haste; (b) rapid movement; impetus, speed, force; o rine, of the tongue…

62. rī̆pe n.(1)

42 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The action of reaping or harvesting; also, harvest time; barli ripe; dai (time) of ripe; (b) that which is reaped, harvest, fruit; a sheaf of grain; also, ?a bundle or lot of metalware [quot…

63. sak n.

150 quotations in 9 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A sack, bag; also fig.; sak and ston, completely; (b) a sack for grain or flour; (c) a sack for money or valuables; also, a purse; (d) cook. a sack or bag used in kneading dough; pl. a culinary…

64. ship n.

195 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A sea-going vessel, esp. a large craft used to transport people and goods; a vessel used in military expeditions; a boat, fishing boat; a riverboat, ferry; also, a fleet of ships [quot…

65. sleck n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Mud, slush; also [last quot.], ?stony soil; ?soil containing coal.

66. smẹ̄k(e n.

Additional spellings: smeke
38 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Smoke produced by a burning or smoldering substance; aromatic smoke of incense; a column or cloud of smoke; a variety of smoke; also fig.; also in proverbs; smek hous, a smokehouse; -- used fig.

67. stathel n.

18 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A place or position; a dwelling place; a building site, foundation; also fig.; a battle station; also, a stack of hay, etc.; stathel of sinne, fig. the residue of sin; (b) a loom or the framework…

68. stathel-fastnesse n.

Additional spellings: stathelfastnesse
3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Steadfastness, stability; stede stathel-fastnesse, permanence of abode.

69. step n.

105 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A movement of the foot in walking, a step; -- also used of a horse's step; also, an act of taking a step; fot step; (b) fig. of (a); folwen (seuen, etc.) stepes, to follow the example (of sb…

70. strel(e n.

Additional spellings: strele
4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An arrow; (b) in surname and place names [see Smith PNElem.2.161].

71. strēm n.

156 quotations in 10 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A body of water flowing in a natural channel, a river, stream, brook; also fig.; strem of water, flodes (water) strem; mid strem, the midstream of a river; (b) strem of rein (rein-water), ?a…

72. swā̆thel n.

14 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A cloth binding used as a bandage or a restraint; -- also pl.; (b) swathel bond (binde), a swaddling band; swathel clout, a swaddling cloth; (c) ?as adj.: tightly bound; ?error for swa athel [cp…

73. thrēd(e n.

Additional spellings: threde
92 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A piece of textile twine; a piece of cord made from fibrous material; silke (silken) thred; wol thred; thred of twine, a twine(s (twinede) thred, a strand of twine; also in pictorial…

74. wart n.

27 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Any of several types of small, fleshy or sclerotic excrescences occurring at various locations in or on a human or an animal body, an unsightly growth, esp. on the face, a wart, mole [often…

75. wei n.(1)

744 quotations in 19 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) An established road, a main thoroughfare, highway; a principal road between cities; a city street; also, the surface of a road, roadbed; brod wei; commune (private) wei; pleine wei, level roadway…

76. whēte n.

139 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The plant wheat or any plant of the genus Triticum, esp. T. aestivum or T. sativum; also, a wheat crop; wheat considered as seed (b) the grain of the wheat plant, harvested wheat; grain…