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1. abet(te n.

Additional spellings: abette
4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Incitement to evil; urging.

2. abstersiǒun n.

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Surg. (a) The act or process of cleansing a wound or sore, the removal of pus or other impurities by means of cleansing medicines; (b) a detergent or cleansing property.

3. abstracciǒun n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Withdrawal from worldly affairs and interests, asceticism.

4. acācia, -ie n.

Additional spellings: acacie
14 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Med. A gum made from the juice of green plums or sloes (used as an astringent, a restringent, or a repercussive).

5. accessō̆rie n.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An accessory to a crime; (b) that which is subordinate to something else.

6. accīdie n.

10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The deadly sin of Sloth, a disinclination to do anything good; (b) a spell of lethargy or apathy.

7. acelle n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Armpit.

8. acōlī̆t(e n.

Additional spellings: acolite
7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A cleric who has taken the highest of the four minor orders, an acolyte; also, the order itself.

9. acūtīves adj. (plural) as n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Medicines for sharpening or improving (the hearing).

10. adama(u)nt n.

Additional spellings: adamaunt
33 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A kind of precious stone; diamond; (b) adamant; fig. something indestructible and enduring, something impenetrable.

11. adminiculātī̆f, -ī̆ve adj. & n.

Additional spellings: adminiculative
4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Supplementary; (b) a supplement.

12. advent n.

17 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The Advent season, usually extending through the four Sundays immediately preceding Christmas; (b) advent Sondai, the first Sunday of Advent.

13. advocacīe, advō̆cātie n.

Additional spellings: advocatie
5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Law (a) the activity of a professional pleader in courts of law, advocacy; (b) the advocacy performed by a prosecutor, a charge or accusation; (c) theol. intercession or advocacy on behalf of a sinner…

14. advōcācion n.

4 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
The patronage of a church, including the duty of protecting the church and the privilege of presenting nominees to the benefice, advowson; right of advocacion.

15. aeromance n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Divination by air, aeromancy.

16. aǧilitẹ̄ n.

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Nimbleness of body, swiftness; (b) one of the four gifts or dowries of Christ's body and of the resurrected body of man: the ability to travel to any place without delay and without the need of a…

17. alaba(u)ndīne n.

Additional spellings: alabaundine
8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A reddish or violet precious stone, prob. some variety of garnet.

18. alambī̆k n.

10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A gourd-shaped vessel for making distillates, the so-called 'waters', a still.

19. albeston n.

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A mineral reputed to be unquenchable when set on fire; ?the fiber asbestos as used for the wick of an ever-burning lamp; prob. confused with alabaster in quot. c1450.

20. alei(e n.

Additional spellings: aleie
28 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A corridor or hallway; a covered walk; (b) an aisle (of a temple or church); (c) a balustrade.

21. alisa(u)ndre, -er n.

Additional spellings: alisaundre, alisander, alisaunder
15 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Alexanders, horse parsley (Smyrnium olusatrum); (b) alisandre more, alisandre rot; alisandre sed.

22. alkamīe n.

20 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
The medieval science of alchemy. [The transmutation of base metals into silver and gold & the search for the 'elixir' and the 'quintessence' were its chief aims; the principles of 'natural' and…

23. alkamist(re n.

Additional spellings: alkamistre
8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
An alchemist.

24. allē̆ǧea(u)nce n.(1)

Additional spellings: allegeaunce
13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Law A formal declaration or deposition; (b) the citing of authorities (esp. the Scriptures) in support of a doctrine or opinion; (c) the expression of an opinion or objection; assertion…

25. almerīe n.

25 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
A place for storing or safekeeping: (a) a pantry or butlery; a safe for food; also said of the stomach [quot. a1398]; (b) a closet or wardrobe; (c) a cabinet, chest, or strongbox, as for valuables…

26. almes(se n.

Additional spellings: almesse
144 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Anything given to relieve those in poverty or distress, any charitable gift or offering, alms; an allotment of alms; eten almes, be dependent on alms; gan on almes, liven bi, of almes, live on…

27. alǒur n.

14 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A covered passageway or walk, as on the rampart or along the parapet of a castle; an arcade, aisle, or promenade; a gallery or balcony; (b) the barrier or railing (of a balcony).

28. alteraciǒun n.

15 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
Phil., physiol., med., alch.: (a) Change, transformation, transmutation; (b) change for the worse, deterioration; evel alteracioun; ill effect or result; (c) change for the better, amelioration…

29. amalgam(e n.

Additional spellings: amalgame
5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A blend of mercury with another metal, amalgam.

30. amatist(e n.

Additional spellings: amatiste
18 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Amethyst; amatist colour, amatist ston.

31. ambassāde n.

37 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
The office or function of an ambassador, diplomatic service or activity; ambassadorial privilege or authority; in (on, of) ambassade, as diplomatic representative or envoy.

32. ambassadrīe n.

13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The function or business of a (diplomatic) emissary; in, on ambassadrie, as an emissary or negotiator; (b) a mission, negotiation; (c) emissary, or a group of emissaries.

33. ambassā̆tǒur n.

19 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A diplomatic emissary of a ruler; an envoy; also, a messenger; (b) fig. messenger.

34. amidǒun n.

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Crushed hulled wheat; grits, starch.

35. amigdales n. plural

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Almonds; nutes amigdales; (b) tonsils.

36. amirāl n.

41 quotations in 2 senses
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A prince or emir under the Sultan; any Saracen lord or chieftain; also, any heathen ruler or commander.

37. amit n.

26 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
A Eucharistic vestment: amice [a linen scarf worn over the head and the shoulders].

38. analoǧīe n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Analogy; correspondence, proportion.

39. anatomīe n.

12 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
The science of anatomy; knowledge of the structure and the functioning of the human body in all its parts; grosse anatomie. [See definition in Lanfranc 1/9.]

40. ancōnēr n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A maker of icons, etc.

41. anelās n.

10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A two-edged stiletto or dagger; (b) a spike [see quot.].

42. antecēdent adj. & n.

19 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
Logic & ethics A prior assumption or principle, a premise; antecedent trouth; antecedent ded, a preceding act as causing a later act.

43. Antecrīst n.

38 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
The antagonist of Christ who was predicted to come before Doomsday, gather a host to fight Christ and his followers, kill Enoch and Elias, devastate the world, and then succumb before Christ. [First…

44. antimōnie n.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Med. & alch. Antimony.

45. antiphonē̆r(e n.

Additional spellings: antiphonere
19 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A book containing a collection of antiphones [cp. anteme] and, it seems, also other sacred songs; antiphoner noted, an antiphoner with musical notation.

46. apostatā n. (& adj.)

29 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
One who abandons or renounces an established religion or an article of faith; an apostate; tyrant apostata.

47. apostē̆m(e n.

Additional spellings: aposteme
28 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
Any morbid swelling or inflammation in any part of the body, external or internal. [a1400 Lanfranc & c1425 Arderne distinguish it from cankre & festre.]

48. apotecārie n.

22 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A pharmacist or druggist who stores, compounds, and sells medicaments of all sorts [cp. spicere]; (b) as occupational surname.

49. apozimā(t, apozyme n.

Additional spellings: apozimat, apozyme
4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A decoction.

50. apparūre n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Trappings; gear.

51. ap(p)ort n.

Additional spellings: apport
15 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) An offering or contribution; esp., an (annual) contribution made by a daughter religious house to the mother house; (b) a present, a gift.

52. aquitaunce n.

21 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
Payment, compensation; something offered in payment or by way of compensation or settlement; also fig. [quot.RRose].

53. aquọ̄sitẹ̄ n.

9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Physiol. (a) The 'quality' of being inherently 'moist'; (b) the liquid constituent of the body, or overabundance of it; also, serous fluid.

54. arche-flāme(n n.

Additional spellings: archeflame, arche-flamen, archeflamen
7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The chief flamen or priest (of the Britons, of the Mohammedans); (b) his province or jurisdiction.

55. arche-prẹ̄st n.

Additional spellings: archeprest
4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Chief priest, dean.

56. archi-tectǒur n.

Additional spellings: architectour
1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A superintendent.

57. arcister n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
One who professes the liberal arts.

58. aristinctus n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Some kind of stone with medicinal properties.

59. arsǒun n.

21 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The uptilted front or back of a saddle, saddlebow; for arsoun, former arsoun, forþer arsoun, pommel; hinder arsoun, cantle; (b) a saddle provided with pommel and cantle.

60. artelrīe n.

13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Implements of war, arms; office of artelrie, the office of armorer; (b) specif., ballistic engines; (c) a workshop for making implements of war.

61. artetīk, -ica adj. & n.

Additional spellings: artetica, arthetica, arthretica, aretica
8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Arthritic, rheumatic; arthritis, rheumatism; goute artetik, arthritis, gout.

62. artificēr, -iēr n.

Additional spellings: artificier
14 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) One who practices a craft or trade; craftsman, tradesman, workman; (b) (literary) artist; (c) a crafty person.

63. artīk adj. & n.

13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) belonging to the celestial north; pol artik, the north pole of the heavens; specif., the North Star as marking its position; under the pol artik, under the North Star, in the North; of artik, of…

64. ascence n.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Rising;upward slope; (b) ascension (of Christ); (c) rise in fortune.

65. asperāǧes n. (plural)

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Asparagus.

66. assessiǒun n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
The official determination of an assessment.

67. assīgnement n.

28 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) An order, request, directive, or stipulation; also, a commandment; at assignement, at (someone's) request or call; bi, of assignement, on (someone's) orders or instructions, at (God's)…

68. assīse n.

166 quotations in 12 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A session of a court charged with the deliberation and disposition of civil actions (esp. actions concerning land tenure and imprisonment); the deliberations of such a court (the gathering of…

69. assistence, -ance n.

Additional spellings: assistance
7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Help, aid, support.

70. assumpciǒun n.

16 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The reception (of the Virgin into Heaven), the Assumption; (b) the assumpcioun, the church festival (August 15) commemorating this event [one of 5 festivals referred to as oure ladi dai]; the

71. astēl, astelle n.

Additional spellings: astelle
10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A billet or shingle; astel shid; (b) firewood; (c) surg. a splint.

72. astrelabie n.

16 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Astrolabe [a planispheric instrument for determining the positions and movements of celestial bodies, calculating latitude and longitude, etc.; the most important astronomical instrument of the…

73. ā̆sūr n.(1) & adj.

46 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
The blue stone lapis lazuli; enamel made of powdered lapis lazuli.

74. atazīr n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Planetary influence, or a planet as exerting influence.

75. attemptāt n.

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A violation or infringement.

76. attemptātǒur n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Violator, offender.

77. attenda(u)nce n.

Additional spellings: attendaunce
37 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The act of paying attention, concentrating, or devoting oneself; maken, taken, yeven attendance; (b) haven attendance, look out for, expect (a change).

78. attracciǒun n.

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Med. (a) The action or property of drawing (diseased matter) to the surface; (b) contraction, extraction.

79. aube n.

24 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An ecclesiastical vestment (usually of white linen) reaching to the ankles, an alb; also, the Greek poderis, the Hebrew ephod; (b) aube girdel, girdle used to gather the alb at the waist.

80. aufin, -en n.

Additional spellings: aufen, alfen, alphen
9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Chess Elephant (the piece now called bishop); (b) used contemptuously of a person; (c) ?rubbish.

81. augrīm n.

20 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The practice of numbering or computing with Arabic numerals; [littera de] augrim, an Arabic numeral; (b) augrimes abece, algorism's ABC's, the Arabic numerals; augrim stone, a stone or counter…

82. aumbre, -er n.

Additional spellings: aumber, aunber
26 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
Ambergris, or a perfume made of it; grei aumbre, aumbre oriental.

83. aventūre n.

167 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Fate, fortune, chance; one's lot or destiny; in plur.: one's fortunes, one's circumstances; the outcome of something; dame aventure, Dame Fortune, the goddess Fortuna; god (ivel) aventure, good…

84. avīs n.

109 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
Sight, view; inspection, scrutiny.

85. azimūt(z n.

Additional spellings: azimutz
7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) One of twenty-four arcs extending from the zenith to the horizon and meeting the horizon at right angles; the part of an astrolabe representing such an arc; (b) a section of the horizon between…

86. baille n.(2)

17 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The wall surrounding a castle or fortified city; (b) a court within such a wall, or between several such walls surrounding a castle.

87. balaunce n.

75 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A pair of balanced scale pans for weighing; a set of scales; balaunce maker; tonge of the balaunce, the scales' pointer; also, one of a pair of scale pans; (b) par de(l balaunce(s, paire balaunce

88. bald(e)moine n.

Additional spellings: baldemoine
10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A plant of the genus Gentiana (prob. either G. lutea or the native British G. amarella); also, its root or leaves used in medicine.

89. bāle n.(3)

17 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A package or bale (of merchandise), perh. specif. of a certain weight or size; (b) without of: ii bale(s flax, two bales of flax; etc.

90. baleine n.

19 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A whale; (b) the flesh of a whale.

91. bāleis n.(1)

12 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A rose-red variety of spinel; a balas ruby; rubetus baleis [cp. French rubi balais].

92. baliste n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An arbalest or a ballista; (b) a surgical instrument for extracting foreign bodies from wounds.

93. banerīe n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A troop of soldiers under a particular banner.

94. baptēme, -esme, -isme, -īme n.

Additional spellings: baptesme, baptisme, baptime
34 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
The act, ceremony, or sacrament of baptism; the fact of being baptized; also fig.; bapteme water, water of bapteme, water used in baptism; ben hight in bapteme, be given a Christian name; name of

95. barbar adj. & n.

17 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Foreign, non-Greek; (b) heathen, non-Christian; -- perh. with implications of inhumanity; (c) barbar tonge [see quots.].

96. barbarīe n.

16 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A foreign country; folk of barbarie, a foreign nation; (b) foreign speech.

97. barbarī̆n(e n. & adj.

Additional spellings: barbarine
16 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A foreigner, barbarian, heathen; a non-Greek, a non-Roman; (b) foreign, non-Greek; also, rugged [quot.Chauliac].

98. barbarisme n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Uncivilized or rude nature.

99. barnāǧe n.(1)

26 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The body of nobles or retainers (of a ruler), the nobility; the peers (of a realm); (b) the hierarchy (of heaven).

100. baronesse n.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A woman with a barony in her own right; the wife of a baron.