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1. ab(b)reviāciǒun n.

Additional spellings: abbreviacioun
4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Shortness; (b) abridgement (of a story, etc.); an abstract or summary.

2. abhomināble adj.

38 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
Of a thing, a sight, a disease, an action, etc.: physically loathsome, disgusting, repulsive; abhominable to the stomak, nauseating.

3. abhomināciǒun n.

42 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Physical loathing, disgust, nausea; abhominacioun of wlatsomnesse, nausea; haven abhominacioun of, to be disgusted or nauseated by (sth.); abhominacioun of stomak; (b) moral abhorrence; haven

4. abjecciǒun n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Humbleness, lowliness; an abject position; (b) one who is utterly degraded, the lowest (of the lowly).

5. abjūrāciǒun n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Solemn renunciation of heresy or idolatry.

6. abjūren v.

9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To renounce or recant (a heresy) under oath; ben abjured, be subjected to solemn recantation; (b) to give up or renounce (sth.); surrender (a right) under oath; swear to leave (a place).

7. ablā̆tī̆f, -ī̆ve adj. & n.

Additional spellings: ablative
16 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The ablative (case) of Latin; a noun or adjective in the ablative case; (b) in a pun (with ref. to L ablātiō a taking away & ablāt-um taken away, stolen): carried off, stolen; ablatif cas, the…

8. āble adj.

126 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of persons: capable of doing something, expert in an art or science, qualified to practice a trade or profession, skilful, competent; able maister, able werkman; of a woman: old enough to marry…

9. -āble adj. suf.

2 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
In words taken from OF (& L): (a) derived from verbs, with 'passive' meaning: accept-able, agre-able, am-able, blam-able, chaunge-able, forfet-able, fortun-able, honor-able, etc.; (b) derived from…

10. abǒund adj.

9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Existing in great quantity, overflowing; (b) possessing in quantity, rich (in gold, etc.); -- with of; (c) full (of mercy, blossoms, etc.); -- with of or with; (d) bountiful, generous.

11. abǒundaunce n.

50 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A great number of things, a great quantity; plenty, a sufficiency; also, an excess; -- often with in or of; (b) aboundaunce of water, an overflow, a flood.

12. abǒundaunt adj.

45 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Present or existing in great number or quantity, many, much, abounding; also, overabundant, excessive; of shot: thick, fast; of waters: overflowing; (b) of fruitfulness, gifts, grace, mercy…

13. abǒunden v.(1)

56 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To exist or be present in great number or quantity, be plentiful; to be sufficient (for a purpose); also, to be excessive; of water: to overflow; abounden to, come to (sb.) abundantly; (b) of…

14. absence n.

27 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The state of being away from a place, absence; in his absence, etc.; (b) in absence, absent; (c) the fact of being lacking or missing, lack, non-existence.

15. absent adj. (& n.)

29 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Not in a particular place, not present, absent; -- often with fro, from; (b) of things, qualities, etc.: absent, lacking, non-existent.

16. absenten v.

17 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To go or stay away; (b) absenten (one's) person or presence, to withdraw, go or remain away; (c) refl. to withdraw (esp. in order to evade a duty, obligation, or penalty), go away, stay away; fig.

17. absinthe n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Wormwood; fig. bitterness sorrow.

18. absō̆lūciǒun n.

26 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Forgiveness of sin as pronounced by a priest or by authority of the Church, remission; esp., the sacrament of penance; (b) a document granting remission of sins, an indulgence; (c) the act of…

19. absteinen v.

65 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
To avoid (sth.), stay away from (a person or place), refrain from partaking of (food, etc.); -- often with fro, from, of; (a) refl.; (b) intr.

20. abstinence n.

55 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
Avoidance (of sth.), refraining (from sth.), self-denial; abstinence of mete, fasting; ben of abstinence, abstain; don abstinence of, abstain from; maken abstinence, avoid luxury.

21. abstractī̆f adj.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Gram. Of nouns: abstract (as opposed to concrete).

22. abūsiǒun n.

23 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Misuse, perversion, abuse; (b) in abusioun, insultingly, abusively; also, in a wicked or unnatural manner.

23. accent n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Accent, modulation.

24. accepciǒun n.

13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The acceptance of something as true or valid; approval (of a book); (b) accepcioun of persones, personal accepcioun, favoritism, partiality; (c) a condition or stipulation to which one has agreed…

25. acceptāble adj.

40 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of things, actions, ideas, etc.: agreeable, pleasing -- often with to, tofore, unto; acceptable in the sight of, pleasing in the sight of, agreeable to (sb.); (b) appropriate, suitable; time

26. acceptāciǒun n.

9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The act of accepting (an office) or approving (a privilege, etc.); (b) acceptance or approval (of sth.) as true or just or satisfactory; (c) acceptacioun of persones, favoritism, partiality.

27. acces(se n.

Additional spellings: accesse
52 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Any attack of illness characterized by fever, but esp. of malarial fever or ague; acces ill, sharp acces, ague; fervent acces, hard acces, hot acces, etc.; (b) an attack of fever; esp. one of the…

28. accessī̆ble adj.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Capable of being approached, accessible.

29. accidence n.

8 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Phil. A non-essential or incidental characteristic, a temporary and variable property of a thing; bi accidence, through a secondary means, indirectly; of accidence, without affecting or involving…

30. accomplēt ppl.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Performed, carried out.

31. accǒunt(e n.

Additional spellings: accounte
67 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A computation, enumeration, or count; -- often pl.; (b) the method or art of computing; -- pl.

32. ac(c)ūsāciǒun, -tiọ̄n n.

Additional spellings: accusacioun, acusation, accusation
16 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The act of charging someone with an offence or misconduct; (b) law formal accusation, indictment; (c) self-accusation, confession.

33. ac(c)ūsatīf adj. & n.

Additional spellings: accusatif
8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Accusing, self-accusing [note the play on the word cas in GRom.]; (b) gram. accustif (cas).

34. ac(c)ūsen v.

Additional spellings: accusen
33 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To charge (sb. with an offence, or misconduct, etc.), to impugn or blame; acusen gilt, to blame; to make a formal charge, indict; -- often with of (in, upon) phrase; also with inf. phrase or that

35. acelle n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Armpit.

36. Achademie n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
The garden near Athens where Plato taught.

37. achāte(s n.

Additional spellings: achates
10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Agate, a precious stone said to be endowed with many virtues; (b) eagle stone [cp. etites].

38. -ācle suf.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Only in a few nouns taken from OF or L, as pinn-acle, tabern-acle.

39. aclīnen v.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To incline, slope (toward sth.); (b) to bow down.

40. acloien v.

18 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To beset (sb.), harass; (b) to hamper (sb.), harm; make impotent or miserable.

41. act(e n.

Additional spellings: acte
42 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A deed, an action (either physical or mental); process, operation, activity; (b) a written record of an action; Actes of Apostles, a book of the New Testament; (c) a state of accomplishment or…

42. actī̆f, -ī̆ve adj.

Additional spellings: active
32 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
Of human actions: done (as opposed to suffered), voluntary; actif cursing, self-excommunication.

43. actǒur n.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A doer, a maker; (b) actour of curing, that which brings about a cure; (c) a guardian, a steward; (d) law one who brings suit at law, the plaintiff.

44. actūā̆l, -ē̆l adj.

Additional spellings: actuel
22 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of things, conditions, emotions, qualities: existing in fact, real; of actions: really done; (b) surg. real (as opposed to potential); actual cauterie, a cauterizing operation involving the…

45. actūalitẹ̄ n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Effective power, efficacy; ?essence.

46. acū adj.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Acute (fever).

47. acūitẹ̄ n.

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Of blood, an ulcer, a medicine: sharpness, acridity, corrosiveness.

48. adama(u)nt n.

Additional spellings: adamaunt
33 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A kind of precious stone; diamond; (b) adamant; fig. something indestructible and enduring, something impenetrable.

49. addiciǒun n.

31 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
Math. The act of adding numbers together; the arithmetical process of addition.

50. adhērent n.

9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Follower, associate, supporter.

51. adinvenciǒun n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
An idea of one's own inventing; a fabrication.

52. adjectī̆f, -ī̆ve adj. & n.

Additional spellings: adjective
10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Gram. (a) Adjectival; noun adjectif, an adjective; verb adjectif, a verbal noun or adjective; (b) as noun: adjective.

53. adjūrement n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A solemn entreaty.

54. administrāciǒun n.

28 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Act of administering, management; commun administracioun, administration of public affairs or government; (b) administrative position or function; right or power to govern, office; (c) management…

55. administrātǒur n.

10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Manager, steward; (b) one who manages a deceased person's estate (who may or may not be one of the executors).

56. administre, -er n.

Additional spellings: administer
2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
One who manages the estate of a deceased person.

57. administren v.

9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To manage or control (sth.), administer (a government, an office); (b) to attend to the needs of (sb.), minister to; supply (sth. to sb.); give (seed to a sower); do or dispense (justice).

58. adoptī̆f adj.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
By adoption; sone adoptif, adopted son.

59. adǒuren v.

10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To worship (God, a deity); also, worship (the Devil); (b) to show reverence to (sb.), bown down before, honor; (c) to show extreme respect for (sth.).

60. adǒurnen v.

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To decorate or embellish (sth.); also, be an ornament to (sth.); fig. beautify (a language), distinguish (a city); make (one's profession) seem more distinguished; (b) = adouren, to worship (a…

61. adūlāciǒun, -tion n.

Additional spellings: adulation
8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Insincere praise, flattery.

62. adulterī n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Adultery.

63. adulteǒur n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
An adulterer.

64. adustiǒun n.

14 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Treatment with heat or burning, calcination of a substance; (b) surg. cauterization; (c) phys. the corruption of bodily humors, ulcers, etc., by heat; the process by which humors, etc., become adu

65. adversatī̆f adj.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Gram. Of a conjunction: adversative.

66. adverse adj.

14 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Contrary, opposing, opposed, hostile; of fortune: unfavorable; adverse part(i, the opposing side in war, a lawsuit, etc.

67. adverten v.

31 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
To notice (sth.), observe, perceive; it is to ben adverted, it is to be noted.

68. advōcāt, advoket n.

Additional spellings: advoket
38 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A professional pleader in courts of law; counsel, attorney, advocate; (b) one who intercedes for another, mediator, intercessor (esp. of Christ or the Virgin Mary); (c) protector, champion…

69. advocā̆trīce, -trix n.

Additional spellings: advocatrix
3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Of the Virgin: advocate, intercessor.

70. affecciǒun, -tion n.

Additional spellings: affection
64 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
That faculty of the soul concerned with emotion and volition; the emotional (as opposed to the intellectual) side of human nature, capacity for feeling or emotion; the capacity for desiring or…

71. affectī̆f adj.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Pertaining to the emotions or to the will; affectif parti; (b) = effectif; affectif cause, efficient cause.

72. affectūǒus adj.

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Eager, earnest; (b) loving, affectionate, well-disposed.

73. affermen v.

55 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To fix (sth.) in place, make immovable; (b) to strengthen (sb.), make sure or steadfast, confirm (sb. in a belief or virtue); (c) to fix firmly (an emotion in the heart); (d) to decide upon…

74. affīe n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Reliance, trust; don affie, setten affie, to put (one's) trust (in sb.).

75. affinitẹ̄ n.

39 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Relationship by marriage (as distinguished from blood relationship); a kinship between families which results from a fornication committed by a member of one family with a member of the other…

76. afflicciǒun n.

23 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Misery, pain, sorrow, distress; also, that which causes pain or sorrow; (b) self-inflicted pain, penance, mortification of the flesh, asceticism.

77. afflight ppl.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Disturbed, upset, frightened; excited.

78. after- pref.

70 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
Verbal cpds.: (a) after- bending, the second bending, a bending back (of a bow); prob., the shaping process which gives the ends a curvature the reverse of that at the center; after- berende, bearing…

79. -āǧe suf.

2 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
In many nouns taken from OF, denoting states, actions, concretes, groups, rights, services, etc., e.g. avauntage, baggage, baronage, cariage, coinage, courage, cousinage, heritage, homage, langage,

80. āǧen v.

16 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To grow old, age; (b) ppl. aged, advanced in years, old; also mature; (c) aged men, those with authority, elders.

81. agō̆nīe n.

9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Anguish, agony; a fit of anguish; (b) death throes; the agony of Jesus in Gethsemane.

82. agrest, -a adj. & n.

Additional spellings: agresta
5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Uncultivated, wild (plant); (b) win agrest, agresta, verjuice.

83. agūe n.

22 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
Acute (as opposed to chronic or intermittent) fever, or an attack of it; also, any of certain diseases, including malaria, having acute fever as a symptom; brenning ague, hote ague; pestilence ague

84. aiel n.

15 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Grandfather; gret aiel, distant ancestor; (b) aieles, ancestors.

85. -ail(le suf.

Additional spellings: -aille
1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
In action nouns from OF, as arivaille, bataille, espousaille, travail(le.

86. -ain(e suf.

Additional spellings: -aine
1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
In some adjs. and nouns taken from OF, as certain, germain, Romain; fontain(e, mountain(e.

87. air n.(1)

81 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
The gaseous substance surrounding the Earth; air, the atmosphere. [In ancient cosmology, the perisphere of air was said to be surrounded by the perisphere of fire. The perisphere of air was regarded…

88. air(e n.

Additional spellings: aire
3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Hawk. (a) Nest; (b) of noble aire, of noble breed or strain.

89. -air(e suf.

Additional spellings: -aire
1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
In a number of adjs. & nouns taken from OF, as necessaire; adversaire, lapidaire, secretaire.

90. -āl suf.

2 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) In numerous adjs. taken from Latin, either directly or by way of Old French, as annu-al, -el, cordi-al, formal, -el, funer-al, gener-al, mort-al, natur-al, tempor-al, -el; (b) in a number of…

91. alabastre n.

13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Any of various kinds of alabaster [used for carved images, altars, shrines, etc.].

92. albeston n.

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A mineral reputed to be unquenchable when set on fire; ?the fiber asbestos as used for the wick of an ever-burning lamp; prob. confused with alabaster in quot. c1450.

93. āliēn, ālien adj.

37 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of nationality, domicile, or provenience: foreign (ruler, merchant, etc.); foreign (country); foreign (goods, ship, etc.); (b) of a religious establishment: granted or subject to a foreign…

94. ālienāciǒun n.

18 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
Law The transfer of one's title to property or rights; alienation or sale (of property); surrender or loss (of a right); also, alteration (of a will) [quot. 1458].

95. aliēnen v.

35 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
Law (a) To transfer or surrender one's title to property or rights, alienate (property or a right); alienen awei; alienen in fe simple (taille); (b) to divert (property to a different purpose).

96. allē̆gāciǒun n.

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Law Formal declaration in court, presentation of evidence; maken allegacioun, declare; (b) an argument or reason proffered as evidence or proof.

97. alleǧǧen, allēgen v.(1)

Additional spellings: allegen
62 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
Law To make a formal declaration in court, either by way of bringing a charge, in defense against a charge, in support of a right, or in justification of a claim; alleggen matier, present evidence…

98. alleien v.

22 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
Law (a) To make a formal declaration; submit (a document) in evidence; testify; (b) to prove (a claim).

99. allīen v.

54 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
To form an alliance, join, associate: (a) to ally (oneself with, to sb.), join as an ally, form an alliance; get together, join; -- refl. or intr.; (b) ben allied, be allied or associated; associated…

100. almaille n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Living beings.