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1. callen v.

163 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To cry out, call, shout; (b) to cry out (sth.), say (sth.) loudly; (c) callen after, to call for (sb.), summon; callen on (upon), call to (sb.), address, invoke, summon, call on (sb. for payment)…

2. faster-man n.

Additional spellings: fasterman
1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A surety or sponsor.

3. gī̆slen v.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To give (sb.) as a hostage.

4. grei n.(2)

32 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A gray fur, prob. the fur from the back of the Eurasian red squirrel Sciurus vulgaris in winter; red (ruskin) grei, the fur of the Eurasian red squirrel in winter; tristi (tresti) grei, ?error…

5. grith n.

110 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The peace of a nation or society, law and order; fig. the peace resulting from the observation of God's will; breken (fordon) grith, to disturb the peace, break the law; holden (maken, setten)

6. hamelen v.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To mutilate or maim (sb., a foot); also fig.; (b) to cut short (hose); hamelen in sondre, separate (two parts) by cutting.

7. hā̆m-fāre n.

Additional spellings: hamfare
6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Law = hamsokne.

8. hilder n.

18 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The European elder (Sambucus nigra); hilder tre; (b) hilder tre, ?the European alder [see alder n. (1)]; (c) in place names [see Smith PNElem. 1.274].

9. hitten v.

83 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To strike (sb. or sth.); strike a blow; deliver (blows); hitten in, cut into (sb. or sth.); hitten on, beat upon (sb. or sth.); hitten on the hed of the nailes ende, hit the nail on the head…

10. hō̆lm(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: holme
22 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An island; a peninsula; (b) a meadow on a river bank; (c) a hill; (d) in surnames & place names [see Smith PNElem. 1.258-9, 268].

11. hǒus-bō̆nd(e n.

Additional spellings: housbond, hous-bonde, housbonde
107 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A male spouse, married man, husband; also fig.; (b) alch.?sophic sulphur.

12. hǒus-carl n.

Additional spellings: houscarl
13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A member of the household troops of a Danish king, an armed retainer; (b) as surname.

13. innōm n.

12 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An enclosure made from common or waste land; cp. inhok; (b) in place names [see Smith PNElem. 1.303].

14. knīf n.

117 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A knife; a dagger or sheath knife carried or worn on the person; a knife as a weapon [usually distinguished from sword]; also fig.; (b) an instrument for cutting or scraping made of material other…

15. ladde n.(1)

61 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A young male attendant; one of a king's or nobleman's retinue; a servant; (b) a foot soldier; fot ladde; (c) ladde cf kichene, an attendant in the kitchen of a noble household, a kitchen boy.

16. last n.(3)

28 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A moral defect, a vice, a sin; beden lastes, ?to tempt (sb.) to sin; (b) the quality of sinfulness, wickedness, guilt; (c) grounds for blame, fault, discredit; last finden, to find fault with…

17. lith n.(3)

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A body of fighting men, army; (b) ?family, household, ?body of persons; -- used of the Trinity; (c) ?aid, assistance; ?var. of leth n. (1).

18. market n.(1)

103 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A periodical public assembly for buying or selling; also, an occasion of such a gathering; beten market, to linger or hang about at a market; crien a market, announce the holding of a market…

19. nīthing n.

23 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A wretch, coward; good-for-nothing; -- also as term of address; nithinges bearde [see bearde]; (b) as term of familiar address: boy, lad, fellow.

20. Norenish adj. & n.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Norse, Norwegian; (b) as noun: Norwegians.

21. Norrene n.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Norway; (b) Norwegians; (c) as surname.

22. Nor-wei(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: Norwei, Nor-weie, Norweie
19 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Norway; Nor-wei coste, the Norwegian coast; Nor-wei man, a Norwegian.

23. oftāken v.

30 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To catch up with (sb. or sth.), overtake in pursuit; find (sb.); (b) to get hold of (sb.), apprehend; (c) of night: to come upon (sb.) suddenly; (d) to detect (an error, an offender).

24. orest(e n.

Additional spellings: oreste
7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Combat, struggle; (b) law the right of jurisdiction over cases involving trial by combat; (c) by misunderstanding of (b): the liberty of entering woods or lands; (d) by false etymologizing [cp. or

25. plǒugh n.

204 quotations in 11 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A plow; also, a plow with its draft animal(s; --also coll.; (b) gates of the plough, furrows; plough lenge, the length of a plowshare; ?the length of a plow; (c) gon (gangan) at the plough, gon

26. prǒud adj.

228 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Guilty of the sin of Pride; haughty, arrogant; also, obstinate, rebellious; (b) proudest of pride, supremely proud; proud as lucifer; proud herte, proud heart; -- also as surname or epithet; maken

27. rọ̄te n.(4)

260 quotations in 9 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A root of a tree or other plant; the underground stock of a plant from which new shoots or leaves are periodically produced, a rhyzome, tuber; rote ne braunch; dokke rote [see also dokke n.1.(d)]…

28. saughten v.

53 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To make peace, be conciliated, be reconciled; saughten with, make peace with (sb.), become reconciled with; also, make peace by means of (tools of peace) [1st quot.]; (b) to conciliate (a land)…

29. scōr(e n.

Additional spellings: score
73 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A crack, crevice; (b) a mark on a tree to be felled; (c) a track, way; holden scor after, to follow (sb.); (d) a limit, boundary; oute of scor, immoderately, unreasonably; also, at all [quot.: HS

30. shau(e n.

Additional spellings: shaue
51 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A wood or forest; a grove; a thicket; at a shau side, at the edge of a forest; shau of (the) wod, a wodes shau; under (the) shau, beneath the foliage of a wood, in the shade; in thickets; also…

31. shọ̄n v.

86 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To put shoes on (sb., oneself, a statue); provide (sb.) with shoes; also fig.; cover the feet of (sb. with sth.); also, cover (the feet with sth.); -- used fig.; hosen and shon; (b) ppl. shod

32. sineu n.

65 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A fibrous cord connecting a muscle to a bone or other bodily part, a tendon; a ligament or other connective tissue; also, a muscle [quot.: ?a1450 Macer]; hole in sineu and veine, completely…

33. skēr(e adj.

Additional spellings: skere
40 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Blameless, innocent, faultless; of speech: honest, straightforward, sincere; maken quite and sker, to consider (sb.) blameless; prove (oneself) innocent; (b) free (from sin), absolved; sker of

34. slēn v.

449 quotations in 10 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To strike (sth.), beat; pitch (a tent); light (a fire); strike off (a head from the body); beat (metal into a shape) [quot.: c1175(?OE) HRood]; -- used without obj.; slen of, cut off (someone's…

35. snak n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A ship of some kind, esp. a light, fast ship.

36. snape n.

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Winter pasture; (b) in surnames and place names.

37. snēsen v.(1)

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To stab (sb.), run through with a sword; -- also without obj.

38. soul(e n.

Additional spellings: soule
672 quotations in 16 senses
Sense / Definition
The spiritual and rational element in man, the Christian soul, understood: (a) to animate and control the body; (b) to have an eternal destiny as a moral agent; also person.; cure of soule(s

39. stāver n.

16 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An upright bar in a rack for hay or fodder; hacche staver; (b) in place names [see Smith PNElem.2.141, 142].

40. stemmen v.(1)

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To consider, think; -- also refl.; also, consider how (to do sth.), determine.

41. stọ̄r(e adj.

Additional spellings: store
80 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of a person: strong, powerful; violent, cruel; robust, healthy; of an army, a host, etc.: powerful, fierce, cruel; also, as noun: powerful or high-ranking people [quot. c1425]; stor and stark

42. stō̆ven n.

15 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The trunk or stem of a tree; the stump of a tree; (b) in surname and place names [see Smith PNElem.2.157].

43. swein n.

70 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An attendant upon a knight, a squire; a soldier below the rank of knight; knight(es and swein(es; (b) a retainer, an attendant; a servant; swein lof, bread to be eaten by servants; (c) a man…

44. tāken v.

3092 quotations in 85 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To grip, take hold; taken to, clutch at (sb.), hold tight to; also, grasp [transl. of L adprehendere]; (b) to take hold of (sb. or sth.), grasp with the hand(s, grab; pick (sb. or sth.) up, lift…

45. thach(e n.

Additional spellings: thache
87 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Straw, reeds, or similar material used in covering a roof, thatch; also, such material put to other uses; lode thach; (b) a covering of thatch or of lead, tiles, etc. over a roof; also, a roof…

46. thei pron.

169 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
As anaph. or pers. pron.: (a) the persons referred to, they; (b) used pleonastically or for emphasis; (c) with antecedent in apposition following; (d) as obj. of verb or prep.: them, those; (e) with…

47. thrin num.

19 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) As adj.: three; o (on) thrin wise, upon thrin wises, in three ways; (b) as noun: three persons; in thrin, in three parts, sections, etc.

48. tīding(e n.

Additional spellings: tidinge
172 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A report of an occurrence or event; a report brought by an official messenger;—also pl.; (b) information gathered for a particular purpose, intelligence;—also pl.; also, a piece of information or…

49. toft n.

36 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The plot of land on which a house stands, often with an enclosed garden and often including the building itself, a homestead; also, a vacant plot of land usable for a homestead [quot. a1500]; toft

50. tō̆nge n.(1)

62 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A double-armed instrument, usually hinged, for manipulating objects too hot or too difficult to hold; a pincers, pliers, pair of tongs;—often pl.; also fig. and in fig. context; fir tonges; paire

51. trithing n.

22 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An administrative division within the Danelaw comprising one-third of a county, a riding; an administrative division in the Danelaw corresponding in size to three or more hundreds; trithing reve

52. umbe prep.

39 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) With ref. to location or position: around (sth.), about; surrounding (sb. or sth.), encircling; waiten umbe, to look around (oneself) (b) with ref. to time: about (a time, period of time), at…

53. umb(e)- pref.

Additional spellings: umbe-
3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A prefix in at least forty-three words, chiefly transitive verbs but including six participles, three gerunds, six nouns, and three adverbs. Over half are either definitely or probably of OE origin…

54. unsaught n.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Discord, strife, hostility; mid unsaught, hostilely, not peaceably; seien unsaught of, ?to falsely accuse (sb.) so as to cause discord; ?libel (sb.).

55. unsaught(e ppl.

Additional spellings: unsaughte
22 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Out of accord, at enmity, engaged in strife or disagreement; hostile; also, unreconciled [quot. a1400(c1303) & perh. quot. a1500(c1400)]; of warfare: fierce [last quot.] (b) not satisfied,…

56. wā̆pen-tā̆ke n.

Additional spellings: wapentake
31 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) An administrative division of certain counties, all within the Danelaw, corresponding to the hundred; (b) in names of specific wapentakes.

57. wh- consonant clust.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A consonant cluster used initially in well over 200 headwords, the great majority of which are derived from OE hw-, including some of the most common pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, and conjunctions in…

58. whēte n.

139 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The plant wheat or any plant of the genus Triticum, esp. T. aestivum or T. sativum; also, a wheat crop; wheat considered as seed (b) the grain of the wheat plant, harvested wheat; grain…

59. witter adj.

22 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Wise, prudent; knowledgeable; also, cunning, skilled, able [the precise gloss is determined by the context]; witter and wale (ware, wise), wise and witter; witter of eie, observant (b) requiring…

60. wong n.(1)

28 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A piece or tract of land; a field, plain, meadow, etc.; wong stede [OE wang-stede], a place, locale; corner wong; lond (mede) wong, meadow land (b) ?length; (c) in surnames; (d) in place names…

61. wrong n.(2)

173 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) That which is morally wrong, wickedness or evil in the abstract; also person. (b) sinfulness as an attribute of persons; viciousness, inclination to bad behavior; also, culpability, fault,…

62. yarmen v.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To wail; also, bellow.

63. yēten v.(2)

56 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To convey (sth. to sb. or an institution) by a grant; bestow (sth. on sb.), confer; accord (sth. to sb.); provide (sth., sth. for sb.); yeten and yeven, yeven and yeten (b) to yield (sth.) up;…