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1. anlē̆t n.

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Face; (b) forehead; (c) appearance, looks; image.

2. bile-whīt adj.

Additional spellings: bilewhit
6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Pure in heart, virtuous; kind, gentle.

3. droppen v.

78 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of a liquid: to fall in drops, run down, drip down, trickle; droppen on the chimb, drip on the rim, run low; also fig. of the heavens: to fall as rain; droppen fro feith, turn from the true…

4. eie-wrak n.

Additional spellings: eiewrak
1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Pain in the eye.

5. fleil n.

24 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Instrument used for threshing grain, a flail; (b) cap of a fleil, fleil cap, one of the bands of wood or leather (fastened about the end of the flail staff or the end of the swingle) through which…

6. frank-pleǧǧe n.

Additional spellings: frankplegge
11 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
One of the mutually responsible members of a tithing, etc.

7. gọ̄me, gom(m)e n.(3)

Additional spellings: gomme
27 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The flesh surrounding the teeth, gums; -- also sg.; (b) the insides of the mouth; palate, upper throat, etc.; (c) the jaws; whetten gomes, to whet the jaws, beat one's gums; (d) molars.

8. grei n.(2)

32 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A gray fur, prob. the fur from the back of the Eurasian red squirrel Sciurus vulgaris in winter; red (ruskin) grei, the fur of the Eurasian red squirrel in winter; tristi (tresti) grei, ?error…

9. hẹ̄ pron.(2)

107 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
As anaphoric or pers. pron., subject: (a) the female person referred to, she; (b) used pleonastically, or for emphasis; (c) with appositional adjunct; (d) he that, he the, he..that, she who.

10. hilder n.

18 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The European elder (Sambucus nigra); hilder tre; (b) hilder tre, ?the European alder [see alder n. (1)]; (c) in place names [see Smith PNElem. 1.274].

11. innōm n.

12 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An enclosure made from common or waste land; cp. inhok; (b) in place names [see Smith PNElem. 1.303].

12. ispēken v.

56 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
To make or deliver a speech, speak, ispeken of, speak about (sb. or sth.).

13. iwrā̆tthen v.

17 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To anger (sb.), offend; (b) fig. to stir up (the sea); (c) refl. to become angry.

14. kinrē̆de n.

125 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Stock, family, lineage, race; gret (god, heigh, noble, worthi) kinrede, high birth; loue (mene) kinrede, low birth; (b) descendants, progeny, posterity; also, a descendant; (c) forebears…

15. latteu n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Guide, leader, director.

16. lẹ̄k n.

73 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A leek (Allium porrum); unsette lek, a leek not yet transplanted; (b) garlic (Allium sativum); also, one of a group of sharp-tasting herbs; lek man, a dealer in potherbs; (c) in phrases: grene

17. light n.

339 quotations in 13 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Light as a substance that illuminates objects or colors, light as seen or present in a condition where vision is possible; lightes leme; (b) light as one of God's creations; (c) the property of…

18. light adj.(2)

344 quotations in 12 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of things: light in weight; light in proportion to bulk, of small specific gravity; of persons: thin; also fig.; (b) of containers: light in content, empty; of measures: underweight; with light

19. litherlī adv.

32 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Wickedly, sinfully; (b) fiercely, cruelly, savagely; (c) harshly, vehemently, angrily; (d) unfortunately, miserably; (e) poorly, feebly; contemptibly; (f) very little; litherli liken, to please…

20. liven v.(1)

564 quotations in 10 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To be alive, continue to live, survive; also, be alive spiritually; (b) liven longe, to live for a long time; liven leng (lengere, longere), live longer, live longer than someone else; liven litel

21. mē̆nǧen v.

211 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To mix (sth. with sth. else), mingle; add (sth. to sth. else); mengen with (in, of, amonges, among with); (b) to mix (two or more things) together, blend; mengen togeder (tosamen, in fere); (c) to…

22. neither pron.

22 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Neither of two; neither..other; here neither, neither of them; (b) as adj.: neither of two, not one; neither nouther, neither one nor the other; (c) gram. neuter.

23. night n.

605 quotations in 11 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The dark part of a day, night, nighttime; also, nightfall; as derk as night, derk (mirk) as night; verrei night, the end of evening or twilight [see verrei adj.]; vulgar night, the period from…

24. ofrēchen v.

9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To reach (sth.), touch; arrive at (a place); find (sb.); (b) to reach (sb.) with a weapon, strike; (c) to extend to (sb.); (d) ben ofreched of, ?to be informed of (sth.).

25. ō̆nfōld adj.

15 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Single, one, onefold; (b) simple, honest; (c) of interpretation: simple, literal; (d) bi onfold, onefold.

26. onyẹ̄n prep.

21 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Towards (sb.), to meet (sb.); (b) in front of (sb.), before, facing; (c) against (sb. or sth.), contrary to, in opposition to; (d) in anticipation of (sb. or sth.), in preparation for; (e) in…

27. ortrouthe n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Distrust, doubt.

28. overwerpen v.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To overturn (sth.), overthrow; fig. destroy (beauty); (b) of the heart: to sink, be downcast.

29. pōse n.

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A head cold; catarrh; on the pose, afflicted with a cold; bringen in a pose, to give (sb.) a cold.

30. prīd(e n.(2)

Additional spellings: pride
250 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Unreasonable self-esteem, pride; desire to exceed one's proper station; also, the sin of pride (shading into 1c.); prid of herte; (b) love of praise, vanity; (c) prideful bearing or behavior…

31. prǒud adj.

228 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Guilty of the sin of Pride; haughty, arrogant; also, obstinate, rebellious; (b) proudest of pride, supremely proud; proud as lucifer; proud herte, proud heart; -- also as surname or epithet; maken

32. quelmen v.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To kill (sb.); (b) to die; (c) to torment (a body); (d) to suffer, endure torment.

33. rāven n.

80 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The raven (Corvus corax); ?also, the rook (Corvus frugilegus); (b) the carrion crow (Corvus corone); (c) raven(es brid, a young raven; raven(es fether; raven(es kinde, a raven's nature; buk-raven

34. rēd(e)lī adv.

Additional spellings: redeli
75 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Straightway, at once, promptly; now; also, soon; (b) quickly, expeditiously; also, vigorously, violently, roughly; (c) readily, easily; with facility; also, conveniently; (d) willingly, gladly…

35. rēden v.(1)

686 quotations in 24 senses
Sense / Definition
To read; engage in reading; also, know how to read; reden in, read in (a book); also fig.; read on (a surface); reden on, read or read in (a book, etc.); also fig.; reden of (upon); connen reden, know…

36. -rē̆de(n suf.

Additional spellings: -reden
1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A derivational suffix forming nouns in composition with a noun (rarely an adj.) as simplex: (a) in abstract nouns denoting condition or qualities associated with the condition: e.g., broþer-reddene

37. rein n.(1)

118 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Rain; gret rein, heavy rain; litel rein, fine rain; (b) a spell of rain, shower of rain; (c) strem of rein, a stream, brook; rein of oure lord(es, ?divine or sacred rain.

38. rekenen v.

207 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To enumerate (a number of things), name one by one, list; run through (a list of things); rekenen forth; (b) to list (items) in order, enumerate serially; -- also without obj.; (c) rekenen a (bi,

39. rēpinge n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Touching; also, the sense of touch, sensation.

40. rē̆st(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: reste
280 quotations in 9 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Rest due to sleep; repose; slumber; -- also pl.; at (in, on) rest, at rest, asleep; oute of rest, out of sleep; (b) the repose of the grave, death; rest of the ded, repose of death; at rest, dead…

41. reue n.(2)

193 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A row or line of people or things; a rank of soldiers; reue bi reue, in lines; fro reue to reue, from one rank to another; riche on reue, noble in (their) ranks; (b) a row of houses, a street…

42. reusen v.(1)

10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To feel sorrow or repentance; repent (sin); ppl. reusende, repenting; also, repentant; (b) to feel pity or compassion; ppl. reusende as adj.: compassionate; (c) ppl. reusende as noun: one who…

43. ridelen v.(1)

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To sift (grain); also, fig. test (sb.); -- also without obj.; spread (ashes) by means of sifting; -- used without obj.; ridelen oute of, separate (sb.) from (God's chosen).

44. rīf(e adj.

Additional spellings: rife
86 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Numerous; (b) widespread, plentiful, abundant, abounding; (c) great, intense, severe; (d) well endowed (with riches, etc.), luxuriant (with leaves); (e) habitual, customary.

45. rifte n.(2)

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A veil.

46. rīmen v.(3)

21 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To retreat, depart; die; refl. depart, go away; depart from (a land), leave; rimen abak (ayen), retreat; rimen flet, give ground; (b) to clear a way; clear (a way), clear (a path of enemies); (c)…

47. rinel n.

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A small stream, brook, rivulet; thurgh right rinel, by astraight course; (b) ?in place name [see Smith PNElem.2. 91].

48. rīnen v.(1)

30 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To touch (sb. or sth.); also fig.; rinen on (to, upon); (b) to strike (sb. or sth.); also, pierce (sb.); rinen and rushen; rinen on (to); (c) to pertain to (sb.), concern; rinen on (to); (d) to…

49. rother n.(2)

49 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An ox, a cow, bull; pl. cattle, oxen; rother beste; (b) rother drivere, a cattle driver; rother herde [OE hrīðer-hirde], herdsman; rotheres lether, prepared oxhide or cowhide; (c) in surnames; (d)…

50. sain n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A statement, saying.

51. Sarasī̆n(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: Sarasine
88 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A Turk; also, an Arab; also, a Moslem; -- often with ref. to the Crusades; Sarasin hed, the head of a Saracen; (b) a heathen, pagan; an infidel; (c) as a type of non-Christian; Sarasin or jeu, jeu

52. saughten v.

53 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To make peace, be conciliated, be reconciled; saughten with, make peace with (sb.), become reconciled with; also, make peace by means of (tools of peace) [1st quot.]; (b) to conciliate (a land)…

53. saughtnesse n.

20 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Reconciliation, peace, accord; to saughtnesse, as a settlement, for reconciliation.

54. Scot n.(1)

101 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An inhabitant of Scotland; a native Scot; a Scottish soldier; -- sometimes used anachronistically; (b) in cpds. & combs.: Scot lede, Scotland; the Scots; Scot riveling, a derogatory nickname for a…

55. Scottish adj.

31 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Of Scottish nationality; found or produced in Scotland; characteristic of Scotland; also, as noun: Scottish people or soldiers; Scottish man; (b) Scottish king, king of Scotland; Scottish langage

56. n.(1)

439 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The expanse of salt water covering much of the earth; the se flodeth (falleth in), the sea flows (ebbs); the se swevede, the sea was calm; (b) se (of) occean, se of the occean, gret se (of)

57. sẹ̄den v.

20 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To produce seed; go or run to seed; also, take root, sprout, grow; (b) to sow seed; (c) fig. to flower, flourish.

58. sẹ̄l(e adj.

Additional spellings: sele
33 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Good; also, brave; also, sup. as noun: the best men [quot.: Lay.Brut 1162]; (b) good for a purpose; skilled, efficacious, favorable; the selere, better, more favorable; (c) wealthy, prosperous…

59. self-hēle n.

Additional spellings: selfhele
12 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A plant regarded as having healing properties and freq. used in salves, esp. the plant selfheal Prunella vulgaris; ?also, burnet saxifrage (Pimpinella saxifraga [some quots. may belong to any of…

60. sẹ̄n v.(1)

1447 quotations in 37 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To see (sb., sth., a place) with the eyes, catch sight of, notice; also, be able to see (sb., sth., a place); also fig.; (b) with ellipsis of obj. or rel.pron.; -- also in than clause; (c) ppl. se

61. sester n.

19 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A vessel for holding liquid; ?a brewing vat [2nd quot.]; (b) a liquid measure; sester ful; (c) a dry measure; (d) sester peni, an annual tax imposed upon commercial brewers of beer.

62. sharpen v.

62 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To make the point of (an arrow, a pen, stake, etc.) sharp; make the edge of (a sword, tool, etc.) sharp; also fig.; sharpen in-to, sharpen (sth.) so as to become (a spear); -- used fig.; sharpen

63. shau(e n.

Additional spellings: shaue
51 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A wood or forest; a grove; a thicket; at a shau side, at the edge of a forest; shau of (the) wod, a wodes shau; under (the) shau, beneath the foliage of a wood, in the shade; in thickets; also…

64. shẹ̄ pron.

165 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
As anaph. or pers. pron.: (a) the female person referred to, she; (b) used pleonastically, or for emphasis; (c) with antecedent in apposition following: she; she this, usu. translating L haec or ista

65. shēden v.

260 quotations in 13 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To divide (people, things); separate (sb. or oneself from sb. or sth., sth. from sth.); also fig.; also, take (sb.) away [quot.: Gen.& Ex.208]; also, declare or determine (dissension between…

66. shē̆nden v.

275 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To do harm to (sb.), injure; bring (sb.) to ruin, overcome; injure (sb., a part of the body, a faculty or capacity of the body), damage, afflict; of cattle: make (themselves) sick; (b) to bring…

67. shingle n.(1)

24 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A wooden tile for roofing; also fig.; also, a thin piece of wood used as a writing tablet; coll. shingles, a quantity of shingles; also, lumber from which shingles are made [quot.: 1439]; (b)…

68. shọ̄n v.

85 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To put shoes on (sb., oneself, a statue); provide (sb.) with shoes; also fig.; cover the feet of (sb. with sth.); also, cover (the feet with sth.); -- used fig.; hosen and shon; (b) ppl. shod

69. shraf n.

16 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A cave; also fig.; (b) in place names [see Smith PNElem.2.113-14].

70. shrift n.

141 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Confession to a priest, auricular confession; also person.; shrift in (o, of, with) mouth; shrift wind, oral confession; soth (sothfast, verrei) shrift; haven shrift on herte, to intend to…

71. sī̆k adj.

306 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Suffering from disease, injury, or ill health; sick, diseased, ailing; also, in a special physiological state, such as pregnancy; also, ?dying [quot.: a1387]; (b) sik and (ner) sore, sore and sik

72. sī̆kel adj.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Ill, infirm, invalid; (b) of plants: diseased, feeble, drooping.

73. sī̆kelen v.(2)

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To fall ill, become weak or faint; also fig.

74. sīken v.(2)

87 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
To sigh, moan: (a) expressing sorrow, grief, or a troubled frame of mind; also fig.; (b) in phrase: siken for, to sigh because of (sth.), sigh on behalf of (sb.); also, sigh with regret for (sth.)…

75. silveren adj.

29 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Made or consisting of silver; also fig.; also, silver-colored, lustrous like silver [quot.: ?a1450]; ben of silveren sight, to appear to be silver; (b) silveren time (world), fig. the age of…

76. sineu n.

64 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A fibrous cord connecting a muscle to a bone or other bodily part, a tendon; a ligament or other connective tissue; also, a muscle [quot.: ?a1450 Macer]; hole in sineu and veine, completely…

77. sitthe adv.

76 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Afterward, after that, then; subsequently, since then; (b) sitthe after (hider-ward, til this time), from that time until now; al-weies (ever) sitthe, ever afterward, ever since; longe sitthe

78. slēn v.

449 quotations in 10 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To strike (sth.), beat; pitch (a tent); light (a fire); strike off (a head from the body); beat (metal into a shape) [quot.: c1175(?OE) HRood]; -- used without obj.; slen of, cut off (someone's…

79. slẹ̄pen v.

233 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To sleep, be asleep; (b) slepen as a beste (a swin, hogges, swin); slepen drie (wet), to sleep in a dry (wet) place; slepen faste (kindeli, sadli, savourli, seurli, soft, sound, soundli, swote, sw

80. sleuful adj.

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Slothful, lethargic; (b) as noun: a slothful person; -- also coll.

81. sleugh adj.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Slothful.

82. slēuīe n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Languor, heaviness, weariness.

83. slī̆ken v.(1)

21 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To smooth, polish; smooth (sth.), polish; ?also, fatten (the flanks); (b) to make (words, speech) smooth; ppl. sliked, fair-seeming, deceptive, euphemistic; (c) to flatter; flatter (sb.); (d) refl

84. smak(ke n.

Additional spellings: smakke
31 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Taste, flavor; also fig.; also, a certain taste; also, the ability to taste; -- used fig. [quot. c1230, 1st]; oute of smak, tasteless, insipid; drauen smak to, to give flavor to (sth.); (b) the…

85. smēgh adj.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Crafty, cunning.

86. smẹ̄k(e n.

Additional spellings: smeke
37 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Smoke produced by a burning or smoldering substance; aromatic smoke of incense; a column or cloud of smoke; a variety of smoke; also fig.; also in proverbs; smek hous, a smokehouse; -- used fig.

87. smẹ̄ken v.

10 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
To give off smoke; also fig.; ppl. smekinge, smoking; swart-smeked, blackened with smoke.

88. smellen v.

81 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To give off an odor; produce a fragrance or an aroma; also fig.; smellen on, send out a fragrance to (sb.); (b) ppl. smellinge, giving off an odor, smelling; fragrant; also in fig. context; swete

89. smē̆rels n.

13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An ointment or unguent for anointing the body; -- ?also pl.; (b) a medicinal ointment; (c) a cosmetic preparation of some kind.

90. smōken v.

25 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To emit smoke, smolder; also fig.; smoken up, to billow, rise, spread; -- used fig.; ppl. smokinge, emitting smoke, smoldering; also fig.; (b) to expose (sb.) to smoke as a means of torture…

91. smọ̄th(e adj.

Additional spellings: smothe
49 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Free of protuberance or roughness, smooth, even; also fig.; (b) of land: level, flat; (c) of a part of the body: smooth-skinned; free from coarse hair or blemishes; ?free from wounds [quot. c1484…

92. sōr(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: sore
182 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Pain in bodily parts or organs due to wounds, illness, childbirth, etc.; the sensation of physical pain or soreness; an experience or undergoing of physical pain; physical affliction or suffering…

93. sōrī adj.

251 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of a person, an animal: sad, sorrowful; grieved; melancholy; also fig. of heaven and earth [quot. a1450]; sori in (on) herte, sori in thought, sori on mod; clauen a sori mannes hed, to be sad; (b)…

94. sōrlī adv.

14 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Sorrowfully, sadly, ruefully; also, so as to cause sorrow [last quot.]; (b) wretchedly, miserably; (c) fiercely, severely, hard; also, greatly, very much; (d) in a state of physical pain.

95. soul(e n.

Additional spellings: soule
670 quotations in 16 senses
Sense / Definition
The spiritual and rational element in man, the Christian soul, understood: (a) to animate and control the body; (b) to have an eternal destiny as a moral agent; also person.; cure of soule(s

96. sprai n.(1)

36 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A branch, shoot, or twig of a tree, shrub, or vine; a switch; also fig.; also, a branch as a symbol of victory, strength, or prowess [quots. c1440 & c1450, 2nd]; ivi sprai; (b) leafy branches and…

97. staf n.

188 quotations in 10 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A stick of wood, rod; also, a stick of ivory; (b) a branch or limb of a tree; a stalk of a plant.

98. stagge n.

28 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An adult male deer, esp. a four- or five-year-old stag; stagge of an hert; (b) a young male horse, colt [chiefly N]; (c) a swan [cp. steg(ge n.]; (d) in surnames and place names [see Smith PNElem.

99. stāver n.

16 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An upright bar in a rack for hay or fodder; hacche staver; (b) in place names [see Smith PNElem.2.141, 142].

100. stō̆k(e n.(1)

Additional spellings: stoke
28 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A place, location; (b) in place names.