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1. brim-stōn n.

Additional spellings: brimston
34 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The mineral sulphur; (b) quik brim-ston, native or virgin sulphur; ded brim-ston, sulphur which has been rendered inert; poudre of brim-ston, flowers of sulphur; brim-ston water, water containing…

2. fleil n.

25 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Instrument used for threshing grain, a flail; (b) cap of a fleil, fleil cap, one of the bands of wood or leather (fastened about the end of the flail staff or the end of the swingle) through which…

3. frank-pleǧǧe n.

Additional spellings: frankplegge
11 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
One of the mutually responsible members of a tithing, etc.

4. gọ̄me, gom(m)e n.(3)

Additional spellings: gomme
27 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The flesh surrounding the teeth, gums; -- also sg.; (b) the insides of the mouth; palate, upper throat, etc.; (c) the jaws; whetten gomes, to whet the jaws, beat one's gums; (d) molars.

5. hal-penī n.

Additional spellings: halpeni
45 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) An English coin [made of silver from the time of Edw.I], worth half a penny, a halfpenny; (b) a halfpenny given in charity; Goddes hal-peni; (c) a coin of Biblical times; a small foreign coin…

6. hẹ̄ pron.(2)

108 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
As anaphoric or pers. pron., subject: (a) the female person referred to, she; (b) used pleonastically, or for emphasis; (c) with appositional adjunct; (d) he that, he the, he..that, she who.

7. hitten v.

83 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To strike (sb. or sth.); strike a blow; deliver (blows); hitten in, cut into (sb. or sth.); hitten on, beat upon (sb. or sth.); hitten on the hed of the nailes ende, hit the nail on the head…

8. kinrē̆de n.

125 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Stock, family, lineage, race; gret (god, heigh, noble, worthi) kinrede, high birth; loue (mene) kinrede, low birth; (b) descendants, progeny, posterity; also, a descendant; (c) forebears…

9. laue n.

513 quotations in 14 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A rule or set of rules prescribing or restraining conduct; -- thought of as promulgated by a rational, authoritative, and powerful lawgiver; laue positif, positif laue, laue of setnesse, a…

10. light n.

339 quotations in 13 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Light as a substance that illuminates objects or colors, light as seen or present in a condition where vision is possible; lightes leme; (b) light as one of God's creations; (c) the property of…

11. light adj.(2)

346 quotations in 12 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of things: light in weight; light in proportion to bulk, of small specific gravity, not dense; of persons: thin; also fig.; (b) of containers: light in content, empty; of measures: underweight…

12. miskenning(e ger.

Additional spellings: miskenninge
19 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Law An alteration in a plea; a variation in the language, mistaken or intentional; (b) [orig. a fine levied for such deviations]; the right to collect such fines.

13. ortrouthe n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Distrust, doubt.

14. ǒuthēs n.

18 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Outcry, clamor, uproar; outhes upon, outcry against (sb.); outhes and clamour, outhes and crie, hue and cry; greden (maken, reisen) outhes, raise a cry.

15. prǒud adj.

228 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Guilty of the sin of Pride; haughty, arrogant; also, obstinate, rebellious; (b) proudest of pride, supremely proud; proud as lucifer; proud herte, proud heart; -- also as surname or epithet; maken

16. -rē̆de(n suf.

Additional spellings: -reden
1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A derivational suffix forming nouns in composition with a noun (rarely an adj.) as simplex: (a) in abstract nouns denoting condition or qualities associated with the condition: e.g., broþer-reddene

17. rēpinge n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Touching; also, the sense of touch, sensation.

18. ridelen v.(1)

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To sift (grain); also, fig. test (sb.); -- also without obj.; spread (ashes) by means of sifting; -- used without obj.; ridelen oute of, separate (sb.) from (God's chosen).

19. rōd-knight n.

Additional spellings: rodknight
7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A vassal owing the service of riding in his lord's retinue; (b) ?a piece of property for which such service is owed; (c) as surname.

20. saughtelen v.

33 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To make peace, be reconciled; also, agree, come to terms [1st quot.]; saughtelen with, make peace with (sb., Christ), become reconciled with; (b) to reconcile (sb.); saughtelen with (to, toward)

21. saughtnesse n.

20 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Reconciliation, peace, accord; to saughtnesse, as a settlement, for reconciliation.

22. sẹ̄l(e adj.

Additional spellings: sele
33 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Good; also, brave; also, sup. as noun: the best men [quot.: Lay.Brut 1162]; (b) good for a purpose; skilled, efficacious, favorable; the selere, better, more favorable; (c) wealthy, prosperous…

23. self-hēle n.

Additional spellings: selfhele
13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A plant regarded as having healing properties and freq. used in salves, esp. the plant selfheal Prunella vulgaris; ?also, burnet saxifrage (Pimpinella saxifraga [some quots. may belong to any of…

24. sẹ̄n v.(1)

1447 quotations in 37 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To see (sb., sth., a place) with the eyes, catch sight of, notice; also, be able to see (sb., sth., a place); also fig.; (b) with ellipsis of obj. or rel.pron.; -- also in than clause; (c) ppl. se

25. sepulcre n.

57 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A tomb; a place of burial, grave; also fig.; right of sepulcre, the right to a place of burial; (b) the tomb, or rock cave, in which Jesus was buried; also, the church in Jerusalem built to cover…

26. shau(e n.

Additional spellings: shaue
51 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A wood or forest; a grove; a thicket; at a shau side, at the edge of a forest; shau of (the) wod, a wodes shau; under (the) shau, beneath the foliage of a wood, in the shade; in thickets; also…

27. shẹ̄ pron.

165 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
As anaph. or pers. pron.: (a) the female person referred to, she; (b) used pleonastically, or for emphasis; (c) with antecedent in apposition following: she; she this, usu. translating L haec or ista

28. sī̆k adj.

306 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Suffering from disease, injury, or ill health; sick, diseased, ailing; also, in a special physiological state, such as pregnancy; also, ?dying [quot.: a1387]; (b) sik and (ner) sore, sore and sik

29. silveren adj.

29 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Made or consisting of silver; also fig.; also, silver-colored, lustrous like silver [quot.: ?a1450]; ben of silveren sight, to appear to be silver; (b) silveren time (world), fig. the age of…

30. skēr(e adj.

Additional spellings: skere
40 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Blameless, innocent, faultless; of speech: honest, straightforward, sincere; maken quite and sker, to consider (sb.) blameless; prove (oneself) innocent; (b) free (from sin), absolved; sker of

31. sleuful adj.

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Slothful, lethargic; (b) as noun: a slothful person; -- also coll.

32. sleugh adj.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Slothful.

33. slēuīe n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Languor, heaviness, weariness.

34. smak(ke n.

Additional spellings: smakke
31 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Taste, flavor; also fig.; also, a certain taste; also, the ability to taste; -- used fig. [quot. c1230, 1st]; oute of smak, tasteless, insipid; drauen smak to, to give flavor to (sth.); (b) the…

35. smel n.

69 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Smell as a property of matter; the odor of something (land, water, a flower, etc.); (b) an inhalation of an odor, a whiff; also fig.; haven the smel of the smakke, to detect the scent of…

36. smert adj.

121 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of a whip, rod, etc.: capable of causing physical pain, stinging; of penitential discipline, beating: causing pain, severe; with smert, with stinging scourges; (b) of a wound: painful, sore; also…

37. snēsen v.(1)

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To stab (sb.), run through with a sword; -- also without obj.

38. snouī adj.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Snowy; like snow: cold, icy; white; snoui whitnesse.

39. sōrlī adv.

14 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Sorrowfully, sadly, ruefully; also, so as to cause sorrow [last quot.]; (b) wretchedly, miserably; (c) fiercely, severely, hard; also, greatly, very much; (d) in a state of physical pain.

40. stāver n.

16 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An upright bar in a rack for hay or fodder; hacche staver; (b) in place names [see Smith PNElem.2.141, 142].

41. stōn n.

682 quotations in 19 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A discrete piece of rock, esp. one of small or medium size; a stone, pebble; also, a large discrete piece of rock, a boulder; a standing stone, monolith; (b) a ston(es cast, the throuinge of a

42. stop(pe n.

Additional spellings: stoppe
32 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A pail or bucket; a milking pail; also, a jug [quot. 1397-8; cp. stoupe n.(1) (a)]; stop hop, a hoop fastened around a bucket; stoppes plates, ?metal buckets; milk stop, a milk pail; (b) a vessel…

43. swein n.

70 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An attendant upon a knight, a squire; a soldier below the rank of knight; knight(es and swein(es; (b) a retainer, an attendant; a servant; swein lof, bread to be eaten by servants; (c) a man…

44. thach(e n.

Additional spellings: thache
87 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Straw, reeds, or similar material used in covering a roof, thatch; also, such material put to other uses; lode thach; (b) a covering of thatch or of lead, tiles, etc. over a roof; also, a roof…

45. thẹ̄̆ rel. pron.

106 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
Used for animate antecedents: (a) as subj.: who, that;—sg. & pl.; the that (the); alle tho (thei) the, all those who; (b) as direct obj. or obj. of a prep.: whom; as indirect obj.: to whom;—sg. & pl…

46. thẹ̄̆ def. art.

963 quotations in 13 senses
Sense / Definition
Referring to a specific member of a class and used anaphorically, pointing to a person or thing previously mentioned: the, this, that; with plural: the, these, those: (a) with noun; also with adj. as…

47. thē̆r-rightes adv.

Additional spellings: therrightes
4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) With ref. to a loosely defined place: on the spot, right there; (b) with ref. to a temporal sequence or a set of circumstances: at once, immediately, right then.

48. tiche n.

21 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A young goat, a kid; also fig.; (b) in surname and place names [see Smith PNElem.2.178].

49. tīding(e n.

Additional spellings: tidinge
172 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A report of an occurrence or event; a report brought by an official messenger;—also pl.; (b) information gathered for a particular purpose, intelligence;—also pl.; also, a piece of information or…

50. tō̆nge n.(1)

62 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A double-armed instrument, usually hinged, for manipulating objects too hot or too difficult to hold; a pincers, pliers, pair of tongs;—often pl.; also fig. and in fig. context; fir tonges; paire

51. trithing n.

22 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An administrative division within the Danelaw comprising one-third of a county, a riding; an administrative division in the Danelaw corresponding in size to three or more hundreds; trithing reve

52. tup(pe n.

Additional spellings: tuppe
23 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A male sheep, ram; also, a ram's skin [quot. c1450]; tup hed; tup horn; (b) mil. a battering ram; (c) in surnames and place name.

53. up prep.

225 quotations in 23 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Above and touching (sth.); seated on (sth.); also, supported by (sth.); also, based on (reason) [quot. c1450] (b) riding on (a horse, an animal’s back); also, sitting upon (a bench); (c) onto…

54. upbreiden v.(2)

35 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To offer reproach or disparagement, utter a rebuke; ppl. upbreidinge as noun: those who reproach, disparagers [quot. a1400] (b) to reproach (sb.), disparage, upbraid; upbreiden for (of), reproach…

55. uplō̆nd n.

13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The country (as contrasted with the town), hinterland; in uplond and in toun, of uplond and of burgh, etc.; uplond man, a peasant, countryman; (b) as fictional surname; (c) as place name.

56. uplō̆ndish(e adj.

Additional spellings: uplondishe
17 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Of the country, rural, rustic; uplondish man, a peasant, countryman; (b) provincial, unsophisticated; (c) as surname.

57. wā̆pen-tā̆ke n.

Additional spellings: wapentake
31 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) An administrative division of certain counties, all within the Danelaw, corresponding to the hundred; (b) in names of specific wapentakes.

58. warm adj.

93 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of the sun, a fire: radiating a considerable degree of heat (b) of weather, wind: characterized by pleasantly warm temperatures, mild, balmy; ?also, hot, scorching [last quot.]; (c) of a day,…

59. welcǒm(e adj.

Additional spellings: welcome
80 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
Used predicatively of persons: (a) well-met; pleasing as a visitor, companion, or resident, welcome;—used to characterize someone whom one is glad to see or receive [occas. difficult to distinguish…

60. welcǒmen v.(1)

56 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To speak words of greeting, welcome, etc. to (sb.), hail, greet; acknowledge the arrival of (sb.) with words of greeting; also, invite the presence of (the Holy Spirit) with a hymn; welcomen with

61. Windsọ̄re n.

25 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) In comb.: Windsore heraud, an office or officer of the town or castle of Windsor in Berkshire; (b) in surname and place names [see Smith PNElem. 2.268].

62. withen n.

26 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A tree of the genus Salix, a willow; withen tre; withen nail, a nail made from willow wood; (b) in surnames and place names [see Smith PNElem. 2.271].

63. witter adj.

22 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Wise, prudent; knowledgeable; also, cunning, skilled, able [the precise gloss is determined by the context]; witter and wale (ware, wise), wise and witter; witter of eie, observant (b) requiring…

64. wọ̄de-leie n.

Additional spellings: wodeleie
17 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) ?A woodland glade or clearing; under wode-leie, in the woods, under cover of woods (b) a secluded grove as a place for furtive or illicit pleasures;—used in proverbs and prov. expressions; (c) in…

65. worsted n.

95 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Woolen cloth of some kind used for making clothing, furnishings, etc., worsted; also, such cloth as a commodity; also, a certain quantity of worsted fabric [quot. 1428-9]; al worsted, made…

66. writelinge ger.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Warbling, twittering.