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1. abacus n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Abacus, the instrument, and the art of calculating with it.

2. abissus n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) The depths of the earth or the sea; (b) the primordial chaos, amorphous matter; (c) hell.

3. aborchi n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
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The aorta.

4. absictus n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
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A precious stone, reputed to hold heat for 7 days.

5. acācia, -ie n.

Additional spellings: acacie
14 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Med. A gum made from the juice of green plums or sloes (used as an astringent, a restringent, or a repercussive).

6. accīdie n.

10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The deadly sin of Sloth, a disinclination to do anything good; (b) a spell of lethargy or apathy.

7. acōlī̆t(e n.

Additional spellings: acolite
7 quotations in 1 sense
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A cleric who has taken the highest of the four minor orders, an acolyte; also, the order itself.

8. aconītes n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
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See quot.

9. acorus n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
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The root of the plant Iris pseudacorus.

10. adama(u)nt n.

Additional spellings: adamaunt
33 quotations in 3 senses
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(a) A kind of precious stone; diamond; (b) adamant; fig. something indestructible and enduring, something impenetrable.

11. Adam-irǧik n.

Additional spellings: Adamirgik
1 quotation in 1 sense
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?Adam's deed; ?sinful Adam.

12. adefla n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
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A fabulous tree.

13. aeromance n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
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Divination by air, aeromancy.

14. agarik(e n.

Additional spellings: agarike
5 quotations in 1 sense
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A kind of fungus used medicinally; prob., Polyporus officinalis.

15. agiographe(s n.

Additional spellings: agiographes
2 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) The Hagiographa of Hebrew Scripture (comprising the Psalms, Proverbs, Daniel, etc.), as distinct from the Laws and the Prophets; (b) Holy Scripture.

16. agō̆nīe n.

9 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) Anguish, agony; a fit of anguish; (b) death throes; the agony of Jesus in Gethsemane.

17. agriofagi n. (plural)

1 quotation in 1 sense
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See quot.

18. air n.(1)

81 quotations in 5 senses
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The gaseous substance surrounding the Earth; air, the atmosphere. [In ancient cosmology, the perisphere of air was said to be surrounded by the perisphere of fire. The perisphere of air was regarded…

19. aizon, -os n.

Additional spellings: aizos
2 quotations in 1 sense
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Sengreen, sedum.

20. alabastrum n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) The stone alabaster; (b) an alabaster container for chrism or ointment; (c) a medicament containing powdered alabaster.

21. alciǒun n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
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The fabulous bird halcyon.

22. alfīta n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
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Barley meal.

23. aliēte n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
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The sea eagle or fish hawk [for other medieval opinions see first quot.].

24. allegorīe n.

14 quotations in 2 senses
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Theol. One of the four methods or levels in the interpretation of Holy Writ [i.e. the literal (temporal), spiritual (allegorical), moralizing (tropological), and mystical (anagogical)]: spiritual…

25. al(l)opicia, -ie n.

Additional spellings: allopicia, alopicie, allopicie
15 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) Falling of the hair; (b) a form of leprosy.

26. Almaǧeste n.

7 quotations in 1 sense
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The name given to the great astronomical treatise of Ptolemy; also applied to other astron. works.

27. almes(se n.

Additional spellings: almesse
144 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Anything given to relieve those in poverty or distress, any charitable gift or offering, alms; an allotment of alms; eten almes, be dependent on alms; gan on almes, liven bi, of almes, live on…

28. alōe(s n.

Additional spellings: aloes
23 quotations in 1 sense
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Aloe: (a) the tree; (b) the juice or resin of the tree, aloes; (c) med. the drug aloes; aloe caballinum (cicotrine, epatik).

29. alpha n.

10 quotations in 2 senses
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(a) Alpha, the first letter of the Greek alphabet; (b) alpha used as the numeral 1; (c) aleph, the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet.

30. altea n.

8 quotations in 1 sense
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The marsh mallow Althaea officinalis.

31. amadriades n. (plural)

2 quotations in 1 sense
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Wood-nymphs.

32. amarak n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
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Marjoram.

33. amatist(e n.

Additional spellings: amatiste
18 quotations in 1 sense
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Amethyst; amatist colour, amatist ston.

34. Amazōnes n. (plural)

7 quotations in 1 sense
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The Amazons.

35. āme n.(2)

4 quotations in 1 sense
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A liquid measure (of varying capacity).

36. ameos n.

7 quotations in 1 sense
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A plant of the genus Ammi; bishop's-weed.

37. amidǒun n.

11 quotations in 1 sense
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Crushed hulled wheat; grits, starch.

38. amphibena n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
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A fabled two-headed snake [see quot.].

39. amphiboloǧīe n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
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An ambiguity.

40. amphit(h)eātre n.

Additional spellings: amphitheatre
2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Amphitheater.

41. amphora n.

8 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) An amphora; (b) a flask or flagon; (c) a liquid measure [of varying capacity].

42. anacardus n.

6 quotations in 1 sense
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The marking nut Semecarpus anacardium; mel anacardi, oleum anacardium, theodoricon anacardin.

43. anagogīe n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
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The highest of the four levels of Biblical exegesis; highest or mystical interpretation or meaning.

44. analempsie n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
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A disorder regarded as a form of epilepsy [see epilencie].

45. anasarca n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
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A form of dropsy; anasarca.

46. anatomīe n.

12 quotations in 2 senses
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The science of anatomy; knowledge of the structure and the functioning of the human body in all its parts; grosse anatomie. [See definition in Lanfranc 1/9.]

47. anchōrīte n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
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A recluse or hermit.

48. ancōnēr n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
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A maker of icons, etc.

49. androgine n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
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Hermaphrodite.

50. andromada n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
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Pyrites.

51. androsinǒun n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
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A Eurasian St. John's-wort (Hypericum androsaemum).

52. anēt(e n.

Additional spellings: anete
12 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) Dill Anethum graveolens; anet sed; (b) wilde anet, hog's fennel Peucedanum officinale.

53. aneurisma, -isme n.

Additional spellings: aneurisme
2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Arterial dilation, aneurism.

54. anittida n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
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A precious stone of some kind; ?the diamond.

55. anker n.

42 quotations in 3 senses
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(a) A ship's anchor; casten, laien, senden out anker; drauen up, halen, highen, pullen up, taken up, weien (up) anker; riden at, bi, on anker; (b) a weight; (c) a fastening device, a mooring.

56. ān-sǣte n.

Additional spellings: ansæte
1 quotation in 1 sense
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A recluse.

57. Antecrīst n.

38 quotations in 2 senses
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The antagonist of Christ who was predicted to come before Doomsday, gather a host to fight Christ and his followers, kill Enoch and Elias, devastate the world, and then succumb before Christ. [First…

58. antelō̆pe n.

11 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) An antelope or a representation of it, as in a coat of arms; (b) the bearer of such a coat of arms [here Henry IV]; (c) see quot.

59. antē̆me n.

24 quotations in 2 senses
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A musical composition based upon a scriptural text, sung in the Church Offices before each psalm and often repeated after the psalm, or after each verse of the psalm [see Karl Young, The Drama of the

60. antera n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
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Med. The anthers or the pollen of the rose, used as a stiptic.

61. antipōdes n. (plural)

1 quotation in 1 sense
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Antipodes.

62. antispasi(s n.

Additional spellings: antispasis
3 quotations in 1 sense
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Blood-letting performed on the corresponding opposite side of the body.

63. anti(s)pasticon adj. as n.

Additional spellings: antispasticon
2 quotations in 1 sense
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= antispasis.

64. antitesis n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
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Gram. The substitution of one case for another.

65. antrax n.

8 quotations in 1 sense
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A malignant boil or growth; ?also, the eruption of syphilis [quot.Lanfranc].

66. antropofaǧe n.

Additional spellings: anthropophage
1 quotation in 1 sense
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A person who eats human flesh, cannibal.

67. Antropomorfites n. (plural)

1 quotation in 1 sense
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A religious sect [see quot.].

68. apocalips(e, -yp(p)es n.

Additional spellings: apocalipse, apocalyppes, apocalypes
25 quotations in 2 senses
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(a) The Apocalypse [the last book of the New Testament]; (b) the vision or revelation described there.

69. apocrif, -a, -um adj. & n.

Additional spellings: apocrifa, apocrifum
11 quotations in 1 sense
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Of unknown authorship or doubtful authenticity, or so regarded by the Church; not authentic, apocryphal; an apocryphon.

70. apoloǧetik adj. as n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
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A formal defense, apology.

71. apoplexie n.

8 quotations in 1 sense
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Apoplexy; litel apoplexie, lesse apoplexie, epilepsy.

72. apostasīe n.

18 quotations in 2 senses
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Renunciation, abandonment, violation, or neglect of an established religious faith or one of its doctrines; fallen in apostasie, walken in apostasie.

73. apostē̆m(e n.

Additional spellings: aposteme
28 quotations in 2 senses
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Any morbid swelling or inflammation in any part of the body, external or internal. [a1400 Lanfranc & c1425 Arderne distinguish it from cankre & festre.]

74. apostle n.

52 quotations in 3 senses
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One of the Twelve Apostles of Christ; apostles twelve; also, a missionary or evangelist of the early Church, such as St. Paul; apostle of Engelonde; apostle of hethen men; apostolene prince.

75. apostolicon n.

6 quotations in 1 sense
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An antiseptic ointment prepared in various ways (orig. of 12 ingredients); Apostles' ointment.

76. apozimā(t, apozyme n.

Additional spellings: apozimat, apozyme
4 quotations in 1 sense
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A decoction.

77. Appolliọ̄n n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
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Destroyer (a Greek epithet of the Devil).

78. aracontalides n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
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A precious stone, prob. a sapphire.

79. arch(i)triclin n.

Additional spellings: architriclin
7 quotations in 1 sense
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The master of the feast at Cana in Galilee (John 2.1-10); -- both as common noun and proper name.

80. arechetes n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
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?Hematite.

81. arǧirītes n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
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A precious stone with magical properties; ?litharge of silver.

82. argoil(le n.

Additional spellings: argoille
17 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) The tartar produced by fermentation of wine, crude potassium bitartrate; (b) poudre of argoil, powdered tartar; prob. also, sal tartar; (c) salt argoil, potassium carbonate made by heating tartar…

83. Ar(i)opagīte n.

Additional spellings: Ariopagite
2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A member of the Athenian court which met on the Areopagus, Areopagite.

84. aristogracie n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
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Rule by the virtuous, aristocracy; usen aristogracie.

85. armō̆nīe n.

34 quotations in 4 senses
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(a) The action of singing or making music; harmonious sounds, song, music; (b) the combining of simultaneous musical notes to form chords; harmony; (c) a song, a musical composition; (d) the music of…

86. āron n.

5 quotations in 1 sense
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Cuckoo-pint or wake-robin Arum maculatum.

87. arpagō, -ǒun n.

Additional spellings: arpagoun
2 quotations in 1 sense
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A grappling hook; also used fig. of amber.

88. Arpīe n.

6 quotations in 1 sense
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A harpy; fig. a rapacious person [quot. c1475].

89. arsis n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
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Raising (of the voice).

90. ars-metrīk(e n.

Additional spellings: arsmetrik, ars-metrike, arsmetrike
22 quotations in 1 sense
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(a) The 'art' or 'science' of measuring and calculating, being one of the four disciplines comprised in the quadrivium (along with geometry, astronomy, and music); (b) a treatise on this 'science'.

91. artērie n.

26 quotations in 2 senses
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(a) A blood vessel of the arterial system. [According to Galen, whose views were generally accepted in the Middle Ages, the blood circulated in two separate systems, the venous and the arterial. The…

92. artetīk, -ica adj. & n.

Additional spellings: artetica, arthetica, arthretica, aretica
8 quotations in 1 sense
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Arthritic, rheumatic; arthritis, rheumatism; goute artetik, arthritis, gout.

93. arthomel n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
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A plaster or poultice of bread and honey.

94. artophilax n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
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The constellation Boötes; cp. bere-ward.

95. Artūr n.

12 quotations in 2 senses
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(a) The star Arcturus (in Boötes); (b) the constellation Boötes.

96. aschītes n.

12 quotations in 1 sense
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Pathol. A collection of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity; dropsy of the abdomen; ascites.

97. asfodil n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
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A medicinal plant [see affodil].

98. asīle, -um n.

Additional spellings: asilum
2 quotations in 1 sense
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Sanctuary, asylum.

99. asma n.

6 quotations in 1 sense
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Difficulty of breathing, asthma.

100. asp(h)alt n.

Additional spellings: asphalt
4 quotations in 1 sense
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Native asphalt; aspalt gleu.