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1. alaien v.

23 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To alloy (a noble metal) with a base metal; (b) fig. to debase, contaminate.

2. allǒuen v.

106 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To commend or praise (sth.); worship (God); recommend (a virtue); (b) approve of, be pleased with (sth.); be pleasing (to sb.); favor (sb.); (c) appreciate or value (sth.); esteem.

3. amaien v.

13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To frighten (sb.); refl. be frightened or alarmed; (b) ben amaied, to lose courage (at the prospect of danger), be alarmed, be afraid; to be filled with consternation or dismay (at an unforseen…

4. amblen v.

13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Of a mount: (a) to go an easy pace or gait, amble; (b) ppl. walking an easy pace or gait; ?smooth-riding.

5. anpairin v.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To harm (sb.); to damage (a reputation).

6. apēchen v.

25 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
To accuse (sb.), to charge (sb. with an offence, etc.); -- often with of, with, for, upon phrase.

7. apeiren v.

75 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
To make worse: (a) to damage (sth.); to spoil or ruin (sth.); (b) to impair or harm (the senses, thought, morals, etc.); (c) to injure (a person's reputation or well-being), to slander; do harm to (an…

8. arēsǒunen, -onen v.

Additional spellings: aresonen
26 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To address (sb.); ask (sb. a question); inquire; answer (sb.); respond; aresounen rebuking, reproach; (b) to request or urge (sb. to do sth.).

9. arreinen v.

18 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To interrogate (sb.), ask (sb.) a question; ask (a question); (b) to rebuke (sb.), censure.

10. arrēren v.

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To fall back, retreat; -- intr. & refl.; (b) to hold back, restrain; (c) to come back, return.

11. aspīen v.

132 quotations in 10 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To make stealthy or covert observations upon (a person, place, action, etc.) with hostile intent; to spy upon; (b) to seek to discover or discover (sth.) by spying; (c) to spy or act the spy; --…

12. assaien v.

161 quotations in 9 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To test the quality of (materials), the effectiveness of (a weapon, a medicine), or the performance of (a horse); test, try out; also, to test the accuracy of (weights & measures) officially; (b)…

13. as(s)ēlen v.

Additional spellings: asselen
39 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To authenticate (a charter, agreement, etc.) with an official mark or seal; aselen up; aselen by, under, with; to put an official mark or seal on a document; (b) to affix a signet (to a letter)…

14. astaunchen v.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To restrain (anger); (b) satisfy (sexual desire).

15. astǒnen v.

19 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
To stun, stupefy, or daze (sb.); paralyze (feeling).

16. astōren v.

16 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To store, stock (a place) with provisions; provide (a city with defenders); (b) provide (oneself) with supplies.

17. astudien v.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To meditate (about sth.).

18. avoiden v.

96 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To empty (a place), clear (of people); to empty (sb.); fig. to rid (the heart of sadness); avoiden of; (b) med. to cleanse (the body of rotten humors, etc.); avoiden fro, avoiden of; to evacuate…

19. awarden v.

17 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To decide (a legal question), render judgment in (a lawsuit); bring in a verdict, pronounce judgment; decree (sth.); (b) to determine upon and issue (a writ or the like); (c) to sentence (sb.)…

20. blaunden v.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To caress, fondle; flatter.

21. blaundishen v.

15 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To flatter (sb.), fawn, be enticing or persuasive; (b) to be favorable; (c) blaundishen in, ?to acquiesce in (sth.); (d) of the sea: to subside, become calm.

22. blēchen v.(2)

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To injure or hurt (sb.), inflict injuries; damage (sth.).

23. braien v.(2)

22 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To break (sth.) into small fragments, as by stamping, crushing, grinding, chopping; braien smal; also, to mix ingredients by stamping in a mortar; (b) fig. to crush (the heart with fear).

24. cacchen v.

287 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To grasp (sth.), seize, take hold of; pick up (sth.); catch (sth. thrown); of a blade, etc.: hold (sth.) by piercing, stick fast in (sth.); -- also refl.; (b) cacchen awei, to take (sth.) away…

25. carken v.

17 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To be anxious, worry (about sth.); carken for, be concerned about getting (sth.); ben carked, be concerned, be diligent or busy; (b) grieve, lament.

26. castē̆len v.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To fortify (a land) with castles; (b) provide (a ship) with fortified towers; (c) decorate (a dish) with paper towers, battlements, etc.

27. chastīsen v.

68 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To correct or improve (someone's) behavior; discipline or reform (sb.); (b) to instruct or train (sb.); (c) to reprove or reprimand (sb.); warn by example; (d) chastisen fro, to warn against…

28. chaunǧen v.

212 quotations in 11 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To suffer alteration; change, vary; chaungen fro, diverge from; chaungen lowe or heighe, descend or ascend; (b) to alter (sth.), make different, change; chaungen colour, chaungen heu, change in…

29. clokken v.(2)

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To limp, hobble.

30. cǒmpā̆ssen v.

87 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To devise or plan (sth.); compassen in wit, compassen in thought; (b) to plan or contrive (sth.) with evil intent, to scheme or plot; compassen falsli, compassen slili; compassen tresoun; etc.; --…

31. cǒnveien v.

64 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To escort or accompany (sb.); also, escort to the gate, see off; conveien forth, conveien out; (b) conveien with eie, to follow (sb.) with one's eyes; (c) of things: to go with (sth. or sb.)…

32. cō̆steien v.

21 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To go along a border, sail along the coast; pass along the border of (sth.), go alongside (sth.), skirt; (b) to follow along (someone's route); accompany (sb.); to shadow (an opposing army)…

33. cǒunseilen v.

91 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To counsel (sb.), advise, teach, instruct; also, give advice; (b) to advise (sb. to do sth.), advise (doing sth., a course of action); -- often with to phr. or that clause.

34. cǒunten v.

61 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To count (sth.), enumerate, add up; (b) to reckon (sth.) among, include (sth.) in; ppl. counted, included, including; (c) ?to assign (sth.), distribute.

35. cǒuntremaunden v.

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To rescind (an order, a sentence); (b) to give (sb.) an order which has the effect of rescinding a previous order; (c) to recall (sb.), command (sb.) to return or remain.

36. cǒuntrepeisen v.

13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To balance (two things in a scale), weigh; countrepeisen with, balance (sth.) with (sth. else), offset (sth.) by adding to (its opposite); -- used fig.; (b) to balance (sth.), weigh as much as…

37. cǒuntrevaillen v.

12 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To equal (sth.) in value; of land: be as profitable as; countrevaillen to, be equal to; (b) to compensate for (sth.); be accepted in lieu of (sth.); (c) to resist with equal force; avail, succeed…

38. cǒuntrollen v.

8 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To check or verify (receipts or payments) [orig., by comparison with a duplicate register]; also, check (a collector of money); (b) to enter (a record of events) in a register.

39. crēsen v.(1)

16 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To become larger, increase; of the moon: wax; ?also, augment (sth.); (b) of fame, pain, sin: to become greater; also, increase (hurt), worsen; (c) to be more productive; bear children, have…

40. curreien v.

25 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
To clean and comb (a horse), curry; also, torture (a person with a hot horse-comb).

41. daunselen v.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To treat (sb.) with respect or kindness; (b) to humor (sb.), induce by flattery (to do sth.).

42. dēcaien v.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To decrease, diminish.

43. dēceiven v.

74 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To deceive (sb.), lie to, be false to; defraud (sb.), cheat, rob; mock (sb.), play tricks on; (b) deceiven of, to defraud (sb.) of (sth.), rob (sb.) of (sth.); also fig.

44. dēmaunden v.

13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To ask questions; ask (a question); question (sb.), interrogate; demaunden of, ask (sb.) about (sth.), ask (a question) of (sb.); (b) to demand (sth.), claim, require; as laue wil demaunden, as…

45. disal(l)ǒuen v.

Additional spellings: disallouen
17 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To dispraise or discommend (sth.); censure (sb.); reprove, blame; (b) to reject (sth.) as invalid, repudiate; (c) to refuse credit to (sb.), or for (sth.), in an account; also fig.

46. disclaimen v.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Law (a) To make a formal denial of (a feudal claim or obligation), make a formal disclaimer; (b) to renounce feudal claim upon (sb. or sth.); (c) to remove oneself (from feudal jurisdiction) by formal…

47. displaien v.

37 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
To unfurl, raise, or display (a banner, a pennon); also fig.

48. disporten v.

28 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To pass the time in leisure, sport, or amusement; amuse oneself, be merry; -- refl. or intr.; (b) to make oneself comfortable; cheer up; -- also refl.

49. disseisen v.

21 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To deprive (sb.) of seizin, as by forcible entry upon a freehold; esp., to dispossess (sb.) unlawfully (of land, goods, etc.); (b) refl. to surrender possession or dominion; (c) the disseised, the…

50. empēchen v.

33 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To cause to get stuck fast; (b) to run (a ship) aground.

51. emplēden v.

20 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
To sue (a person) in a court of justice; empleden bi accioun; -- (a) with obj.; (b) with obj. and of, for or upon phrase.

52. encrēsen v.

132 quotations in 9 senses
Sense / Definition
Of a material thing, condition, or institution (such as a tree, a river, the moon, fire, light; wealth, property, income, cost; a realm or country, the Church, an army; a report, age, illness, etc.)…

53. endevēren v.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To make an effort, to strive;--refl. or intr.

54. endǒuen v.

21 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To provide (someone) with worldly goods, a livelihood, or privileges; to endow (a church, temple, etc.); --often with of, with, or in phrase of the thing given; (b) to grant (a privilege), to…

55. enhauncen, -ien v.

Additional spellings: enhauncien
77 quotations in 9 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To raise (something) physically, make higher; raise (a weapon for a blow); (b) erect (a cross, a pillar); (c) raise the level of (the ground); turn up (furrows); stir up (waves).

56. entermedlen v.

23 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To mix, mingle, or blend (things, emotions, conditions, etc.);--also intrans.; (b) to mix in or inject; (c) to intersperse (numbers and symbols, paths and places, etc.); to diversify (a tale…

57. envoisen v.(1)

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Hunt. Of hounds: (a) to follow a scent; (b) to follow the wrong scent.

58. escāpen v.

102 quotations in 10 senses
Sense / Definition
To free oneself from confinement or someone's grasp; also fig.;-- (a) absol. or with adv.; (b) with obj.

59. exaucen v.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To grant (a prayer); to grant (a supplicant) that which he prays for.

60. explīen v.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To set forth, explain (something); display, demonstrate; (b) to come forward, exert oneself (cp. OF exploier).

61. fēblen, -in v.

Additional spellings: feblin
39 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of a person, animal, the body, its parts: to grow or become weak or infirm; (b) to make or render (a person, etc.) physically weak or infirm; to enfeeble.

62. fēblishen v.

9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To grow feeble; (b) to weaken (persons, animals, strength, etc.).

63. feffen v.

35 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To put (a person, a religious foundation) in possession of a feudal estate held in heritable or perpetual tenure; to invest or endow (a person, etc.) with land, rents, etc.; to enfeof; -- usually…

64. fēten v.

10 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
To make or fashion (something); build (a fortress); draw up (an army); wel feted, well shaped; smal feten, slender; feten faire, well equipped; feten about, decked out.

65. flaumen v.

46 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To emit flames, to be afire, to blaze; ppl. flaumbed, blazing, intense; (b) flaumen of (on, with) fir, to blaze; (c) to give off (fire, light, sparks); flaumen doun, to shed (light) downward.

66. hanchen v.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To bite; hanchen of, to bite off or eat off (sth.).

67. hō̆steien v.(1)

16 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To wage war, make a military expedition; also, carry out plundering raids; (b) to ravage or plunder (a place); (c) to encamp.

68. hō̆steien v.(2)

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Refl. To lodge (with sb.).

69. hǒulen v.

19 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Of animals: to howl, yowl; of owls: hoot; (b) of persons: to utter similar sounds, wail, lament; (c) to shout; also, pursue or chase away (an animal) with shouting; houlen on, shout at (sb.)…

70. jū̆ǧen v.

128 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To try (sb.) in a court of law; judge between or concerning (persons); bring (sb., sins) to judgment on the last day; of God: judge (sb.); jugen commune laue, administer the common law; (b) to…

71. mainǒuren v.

12 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To control (a town), manage (land, a fortification); (b) to take in hand (portable property), lay hold of; (c) to rule (a territory).

72. ǒusten v.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Law To oust or evict (sb.), dispossess (sb.) of land or other property.

73. perceiven v.

173 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To perceive (sb. or sth.) with the eyes, see, look at; notice or observe (a situation or condition); perceiven with sight; perceiven of, see or catch sight of (sb.), notice; also, make…

74. perfō̆rmen v.

157 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To complete (work, a task, a course, etc.), finish; also in prov.; (b) of persons: to live out (time); performen muche time, survive for a long time; (c) to perfect (sb. or sth.), make perfect…

75. purchā̆sen v.

203 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To acquire (sth.), obtain; get, receive; -- also refl.; (b) to get (sth.) by asking, procure; request (sth.), demand; get permission (for sth.); -- also refl.; -- also with inf. phr. or that-

76. purǧen v.(1)

157 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To purify or cleanse (sth.), make clean or pure; rid (the Church, the Temple, a town) of objectionable persons or things; (b) to purify (metal) by fire, refine; also fig.; scour (metal), remove…

77. purloinen v.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To remove to a distance, put away; remove or entice away (a craftsman, an apprentice) from his proper master; remove or carry off (valuables), misappropriate (sth.); remove (a legal document) from…

78. purpensen v.

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To consider beforehand, premeditate; (b) ppl. purpensed, premeditated, maliciously contrived; also, in legal phrases: assaut purpensed, premeditated assault; malice purpensed, malice aforethought…

79. purporten v.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To indicate, express, set forth.

80. purseuen v.

193 quotations in 9 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To follow, go behind; go in pursuit in order to overtake; purseuen after, follow in pursuit; -- also, with prep. phr.: purseuen after, follow after (sb.); purseuen upon, follow upon (someone's…

81. purveien v.

228 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To foresee (sth.), foreknow; (b) to think beforehand, consider, reflect; refl. purveien of, bethink oneself of (sth.), reflect on; ppl. purveiinge, prudent, provident [quot.: a1500]; (c) to take…

82. rachen v.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To pull off (a helmet).

83. rechāten v.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To blow a recheat.

84. reclaimen v.

29 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
Hawk. (a) To call back (a hawk); also in sayings; (b) to make (a hawk) tame; ppl. reclaimed, tame, trained.

85. recoilen v.

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To drive (an enemy or opponent) back; beat back (the devil); recoilen abak (ayen-ward); (b) to retreat, draw back; recoilen ayen.

86. recǒmforten v.

48 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To comfort (sb., the heart), console; recomforten chere, brighten (someone's) appearance; recomforten of, relieve (sb.) of (sorrow); recomforten from, ease (someone's heart) of (misery or…

87. recoveren v.(2)

167 quotations in 11 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To recover from sickness, injury, etc., regain health; of a bodily part: regain normal functions; recoveren of, recover from (an illness); (b) ben recovered, to recover from illness or injury, be…

88. refē̆ten v.

17 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To refresh (sb.), restore; feed (sb.); also fig.; (b) to fatten (livestock); (c) ben refeted, of a wild sow at mating time: to be cooled, cool off [cp. refreiden v. (b)].

89. refreinden v.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To be tempered or restrained.

90. regnen v.

158 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To exercise royal power, be king, queen, or emperor; also, reign as pope; -- also used fig. of the sun, the soul; impers. hit was regned, government continued; regnen on (upon), reign over (a…

91. rē̆hersen v.

166 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To narrate (sth., a story, that sth. happened), report, tell; describe (sth.); impers. hit reherseth; rehersen of, give a description of (sth.); rehersen of marble, ?carve (a description) in…

92. relenten v.

20 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To melt, thaw, soften; liquefy; (b) to dissolve (sth.) in water; soften (wax), melt; ben relented, be softened, liquefied, or dissolved; (c) ppl. relented as adj.: loosened; softened, liquefied…

93. remaunden v.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To send back (a document, message), return.

94. remembren v.

189 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To bear (sb. or sth.) in mind, give heed to, reflect on, consider; take (sth.) into account; consider (that sth. is the case); (b) remembren of (on, upon), to pay heed to (sth.), meditate on…

95. replīen v.(1)

41 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To turn (sth.) back, fold; bend back (a probe), flex; (b) to make opposition; retaliate; oppose (sth.), object to; repudiate (a former opinion), divorce (one's wife), cancel (a command, decision)…

96. reprōchen v.(1)

14 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To rebuke (sb.), reproach; ppl. reproching as noun: one who rebukes; (b) to insult (sb.), mock; (c) to condemn (sth.); also, belittle (a gift); (d) to reject (sth.), destroy; (e) reprochen of, ?by…

97. resǒunen v.(1)

18 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To re-echo, resound; return an echo; resounen of (with), ring with (a sound), reverberate with, be filled with; (b) to sound, make or utter a sound; also, to play (a tune); resounen in-to mirthe