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1. ā̆verāǧe n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A service owed by the tenant to his feudal superior [orig. consisting of work performed by the tenant with his draft animals].

2. ?bin-heie n.

Additional spellings: binheie
1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
An enclosure, pen.

3. bǒuǧẹ̄ n.(2)

16 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Sheepskin (as distinct from lambskin), budge, ?trimmed sheepskin; bouge skin; (b) bouge rowe, Furriers' Row; bouge shank, fur from the shank of a sheep.

4. frank(e)lein, -in, -en n.

Additional spellings: frankelein, franklin, franklen
22 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A landowner and member of the gentry ranking immediately below the nobility; a freeman, a gentleman; franklein of toun, a free citizen, an owner of property in a town, a burgess; (b) as a personal…

5. panāde n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A long knife or dagger.

6. plaunche n.

21 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A large board, a plank; also, as surname; (b) plaunche(s bord, planking, planks; plaunche(s nail, nails for fastening planks.

7. plauncher n.

14 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A plank, beam; also, planking, beams; (b) a wooden floor, floor made of planks.

8. quishin n.

52 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A cushion, bolster, or pillow; a cushion for the arm or for sitting or kneeling on; also, a hassock or footstool; (b) quishin(es cloth, a case or cover for a cushion.

9. raisī̆n n.

44 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A grape, cluster of grapes; also in proverb; (b) a raisin; gret raisin; raisin graines, raisin seeds; (c) raisin corauns, raisin of corauns, a Corinthian raisin, currant [see also corauns n.]; (d)…

10. rāpe n.(2)

14 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Forceful seizure of somebody or something; plundering, robbery, extortion; ?also, a plundering raid [1st quot.]; hasti rape, quick recapture, quick rescue; don rape to, to plunder (a realm); (b) the…

11. relẹ̄f(e n.

Additional spellings: relefe
99 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) That which is left over or left behind, remains, remnants, residue; -- often pl.; also, a legacy, charitable bequest; also, dregs; relef of brucus, what the bruchus leaves; (b) rabble, ruins; (c)…

12. riban n.

32 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Ribbon, edging material, riban frenge; (b) a ribbon; an ornamental band or border, trimming; an ornament, a necklace; ?a bracelet, an anklet; (c) = filaterie n.(d).

13. rǒuncī n.

25 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A charger, steed; (b) a riding horse; (c) a pack horse, workhorse; (d) a kind of small horse; (e) in phrase: queue de rounci, nag's tail, a comic title for a dish; (f) as surname.

14. rǒundelet n.

18 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A small medicinal pellet or roll; (b) a round slice of something; a circular napkin; (c) a small cask; also, a measure for wine, varying from 15 to 18 1/2 gallons.

15. russet n.

36 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The color russet, grey or dull red, brown, etc., suitable for working clothes; (b) a serviceable woolen cloth, usu. of plain or subdued color & usu. worn by the poor or by workingmen (also by the…

16. salā̆rī(e n.

Additional spellings: salarie
37 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Compensation, payment, esp. a salary or compensation periodically paid for regular service [sometimes difficult to distinguish from (b)]; also fig.; (b) a payment for a specific service or limited…

17. sarpler(e n.

Additional spellings: sarplere
17 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A large canvas sack, used esp. for packing wool or fleeces; also, a bale of wool, containing two sacks; also, the weight of a bale of wool.

18. scalǒun n.

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A plant of the genus Allium, a shallot or scallion; (b) something of little or no value; ne ben worth a scaloun, to be worthless; not ȝeven two scalounes, care not a bit (for sb. or someone's…

19. scarlē̆t n.

61 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
The color scarlet; also, scarlet dye; red scarlet.

20. scauberc n.

24 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A sheath for a sword, scabbard; (b) used fig.

21. scǒmǒur n.

34 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A utensil for skimming the surface of a liquid; (b) a pirate; scomour fare, piracy; (c) a kind of light ship; (d) ?as surname.

22. sculerīe n.

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A department in a great household that deals with plates, dishes, kitchen utensils, etc.; also, the offices where such a department is located; also, the staff of such a department; (b) in…

23. seintuārī̆(e n.

Additional spellings: seintuarie
89 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
A holy or sacred place; a place dedicated to God; also, the dwelling place of God, heaven; also fig.; the seintuari of god.

24. serǧeauntīe n.

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Tenure of land as recompense for services or goods rendered to the king; the land held or governed under such an arrangement; graunt sergeauntie, land tenure on condition of personal service…

25. sēsǒun n.

114 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) One of the four seasons of the year (spring, summer, autumn, winter) determined astronomically by the solstices and equinoxes; sesoun of somer, somer (winter) sesoun; (b) a time of the year…

26. sessiǒun n.

22 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A seat, bench; a place for sitting; (b) a session held by officials for the purpose of conferring or conducting business, an assembly; kepen sessiouns, to attend meetings; (c) a judicial session…

27. sester n.

19 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A vessel for holding liquid; ?a brewing vat [2nd quot.]; (b) a liquid measure; sester ful; (c) a dry measure; (d) sester peni, an annual tax imposed upon commercial brewers of beer.

28. setewāl(e n.

Additional spellings: setewale
24 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The root of a plant of the species Curcuma, esp. the long zedoary Curcuma zedoaria; also, the plant itself; (b) as surname.

29. seuer n.

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A trench or ditch used for drainage; seuer gate, a floodgate on a sewer; (b) commissioun of seueres, authority or duty to oversee drainage canals; justices of seueres, ?officials who regulated the…

30. seuet n.(1)

19 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Suet; the fat of an animal or of a fish.

31. shā̆mel n.

41 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A footstool; also fig.; also, the raised section of the floor on which the altar stands, a footpace [2nd quot.]; shamel of fet, fot shamel [OE fōt-sceamol]; bok shamel, a bookstand; (b) a bench…

32. shǒut(e n.(2)

Additional spellings: shoute
17 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A flat-bottomed boat, barge; (b) shout man, the master of a shoute; also, a sailor on a shoute; also as surname.

33. siclatǒun n.

14 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A kind of rich silken fabric woven with gold; also, a piece of this material; (b) a garment made of ciclatoun; also, an ornamental covering for animals made of such a cloth.

34. skel n.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A dish, platter; (b) ?as surname.

35. snak n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A ship of some kind, esp. a light, fast ship.

36. sǒmer n.(2)

42 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A packhorse; -- also coll.; somer bai (hors); somer driven, forced to ride a packhorse; somer folwer, one who follows packhorses in a train; somer ledere, a driver of packhorses; somer sadel, a…

37. sō̆rt(e n.

Additional spellings: sorte
44 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A group of people, animals, vices, etc.; a company, troop, band; a cohort; a god sort, a great many; in (a) sort, on a sort, of sort, in a group, together; in sort with, in common with, like; (b)…

38. spaud(e n.

Additional spellings: spaude
28 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The shoulder of an animal, usu. used for food; spaud half, the shoulder portion or section; (b) the shoulder blade of a person; the human shoulder; -- also coll.; also, fig. strength [quot…

39. sperling(e n.

Additional spellings: sperlinge
17 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A fish of the family Clupeidae, esp. the sprat Clupea sprattus; ?also, a shoal of sprats [quot. ?a1500, 1st]; also, the pilchard Sardinia pilchardus; also, any small fish of the genus Merlangus

40. spīcer n.

28 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A dealer in spices, an apothecary; spicer(es shoppe, an apothecary's shop; spicer wif, a female apothecary; (b) in surnames.

41. spīcerī(e n.

Additional spellings: spicerie
69 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) An aromatic substance; a spice; also fig. [quot. c1400]; coll. spices; also, spice plants; spiceri menginge, blending of aromatic spices; grounden (poudre of) spiceri, ground spices; (b) a spice…

42. spinace n.

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A small ship capable of carrying 25 men, a pinnace.

43. spinache n.

14 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The herb Spinacea oleraceo, spinach; also, ?a plant of the genus Cichorium [quots. ?a1450 & a1500 Hrl.2378 Recipes]; pl. spinach leaves; (b) as surname.

44. sponǧe n.

41 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A piece of the elastic, absorbent, and porous spongin skeleton of various species of Porifera, a sponge; (b) the sponge as an instrument of the Passion, the sponge soaked with vinegar and gall…

45. springald n.

26 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A siege machine used for hurling stones and other heavy projectiles, a catapult; also, the missile thrown by such a catapult; also fig.; (b) as surname.

46. spurǧe n.

14 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) One of several plants of the genus Euphorbia, spurge; (b) a spurge plant considered as a weed or an undesirable growth; -- used in fig. context; (c) ?mistransl. of OF esparge asparagus; ?error for…

47. squier n.

92 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) An aspirant to knighthood in the feudal military system; an esquire or a personal servant attendant upon a knight; a soldier below the rank of knight; also fig.; also, a person holding an…

48. squil(le n.(1)

Additional spellings: squille
5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A woven basket; ?also, a bucket; (b) a hollow stem or cane.

49. squirel n.

31 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A squirrel, esp. the common Eurasian red squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris); -- also coll.; (b) the fur of the squirrel; (c) squirel tail, the tail of a squirrel; -- also coll.; squireles tail(es, the…

50. stal(le n.

Additional spellings: stalle
145 quotations in 10 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) An enclosed or partially enclosed place for keeping a domesticated animal, a stall; a stable; also in fig. context [quot.: ?a1425]; also in proverbs and prov. expressions; asse (oxe) stal; (b) a…

51. standard n.

104 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A flag or banner displayed from a pole in battle; also, a pole used to display a military ensign; a figure displayed as a military ensign; standard berere, a standard bearer; standard of treues, a…

52. stāple n.

18 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An official market established by royal authority for selling export goods; also, the town containing such a market; (b) staple sele, sele of the staple, the official seal of such a market; staple

53. storax n.

13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A gum or resin from the storax tree (Styrax officinale), often used medicinally; storax calamita; tre of storax, the storax tree.

54. stuble n.

31 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A stalk of grain; the yet stondinge in the stuble, unharvested grain, grain still standing; (b) coll. the ends of grain stalks left in the ground after reaping, stubble; harvested stubble or flax…

55. stuelle n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A small mass of absorbent linen used in treating a wound, a pledget.

56. stuf(fe n.

Additional spellings: stuffe
96 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Military stores or supplies, including armaments, equipment, provisions of foodstuffs, munitions, etc.; -- also pl.; ?also, fig. weapons, tusks [quot. c1450(?c1425)]; stuf and appareil; (b) a…

57. sturǧeǒun n.

45 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The sturgeon (Acipenser sturio); -- also coll.; ?also, another fish or aquatic animal [quot. ?c1475]; (b) cook. a sturgeon used as food; maken a sturgeoun, to prepare a sturgeon for the table; (c)…

58. sūdārī(e n.

Additional spellings: sudarie
36 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A cloth commonly used to wipe sweat, tears, etc. from the face, a handkerchief; also fig.; (b) the cloth of St. Veronica, on which an image of Christ's face was believed to be imprinted.

59. sufficience n.

26 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) That which suffices, all that is necessary, enough; an adequate supply of something, sufficient resources; soverain sufficience, abundance; to (unto) sufficience, sufficiently; (b) contentment…

60. sugre n.

108 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The sweet crystalline substance sugar; -- freq. in combs. & phrases identifying place of origin: sugre babiloine (cipres, marrok, marrokes), sugre de cipres (marrok), sugre of alisaundre (cipres)

61. superaltārī(e n.

Additional spellings: superaltarie
6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
= superaltar(e n.

62. surplī̆s n.

33 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A loose-fitting overgarment, usu. of white linen and with wide sleeves, a surplice: (a) eccl. a vestment worn by a priest or other ecclesiastic (a clerk, canon, etc.), usu. for liturgical use; also…

63. surplū̆s n.

28 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The remainder, the rest, remaining portion; (b) the remaining part of something, the rest of one's activities, etc.; also, a remaining group of people.

64. sursengle n.

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A girth for a horse, perh. one that passes over the blanket, the saddle, a pack, etc., surcingle.

65. suspirā̆l n.

10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A channel for air; also, a vent for a pipe; (b) a secondary water conduit, tap on a main; (c) a settling tank.

66. tanner(e n.

Additional spellings: tannere
33 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) One who tans hides to make leather, a tanner; tanneres craft, the trade of tanning; tanneres wos, tanning liquor; (b) in surnames; (c) in place names.

67. tā̆stǒur n.

19 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) One who perceives something by the sense of taste, a taster; (b) a domestic officer who tastes food to insure its wholesomeness or that it is not poisoned; also, an official who tastes ale to…

68. tille n.(1)

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A locker or similar container for the storage of military gear; also, a casket or similar container.

69. timber n.(2)

9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A specific quantity of furs, usu. a bundle of forty skins.

70. tonnel n.

10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A barrel for liquids or solids, cask, tun; tonnel hop; tonnel tre, ?a barrel stave; (b) a net for catching partridges or other birds; (c) ?a chimney shaft; (d) a strainer or colander.

71. torel n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A malt-kiln.

72. touail n.

76 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A piece of cloth used to wipe something dry; washinge touail, a piece of cloth for wiping or cleansing something [see also washing(e ger. 2.]; (b) a cloth of the length of a table, chiefly for…

73. tǒurel n.

9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A turret; also in fig. context; (b) as surname.

74. tǒurnement n.

30 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An exercise in the medieval martial arts, engaged in by knights, usu. mounted, and used to demonstrate prowess or hone skills; (b) a test or demonstration of physical skill;—used of the Olympic…

75. trameis n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
The spring sowing or plowing; also, spring-sown grain.

76. trā̆ve n.

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A beam; trave nail; trave tre; (b) an enclosure or a frame for restraining horses while they are being shod; (c) in surnames.

77. trentā̆l n.

29 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A set or course of thirty masses for the dead, sung on the same day or spread over several days, a trental; also, a poem describing a particular trental [quot. a1500 Trental]; also, a payment for…

78. trē̆peǧet n.

24 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A siege weapon designed to cast stones, darts, etc., with a counterweighted or man-powered throwing arm; ?also, a version of such a weapon adapted for use on a ship; trepeget line (rop); (b) a…

79. trestel n.

39 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A support, usu. two-legged and employed in pairs, for boards or planks serving as a tabletop, a base, trestle;—also coll.; paire (of) trestel(es; (b) a bracing or supporting structure consisting…

80. trouel n.(1)

15 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
A hand tool with a flat or curved blade attached to a short handle, a trowel; also, an instrument or a tool of unspecified form and use [chiefly gloss. quots.]; trouel of (a) masoun.

81. trusse n.

37 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A wrapped bundle containing clothing, laundry, etc., a parcel, traveler's pack; also, ?a bolt of cloth, cloth wound and fastened together in a roll [quots. c1436]; in trusse, ?on the bolt; (b) a…

82. tumbrel n.(1)

14 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An instrument of punishment, perh. a pillory or cucking stool; ?also, the right to erect and employ such an instrument [quot. 1394]; (b) a wheeled cart designed to tip backward to empty its load…

83. turbārīe n.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A place where peat is dug, a peat bog, turbary; (b) the substance obtained from a turbary, peat.

84. tū̆tīe n.

19 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The crude zinc oxide obtained by the smelting of copper ore with zinc and freq. used in medicinal compounds, tutty, pompholyx; tutie ablute (washed, washen), washen tutie, tutty purified through…

85. ulāǧe n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
The shortfall of liquid in a cask or bottle.

86. vagabond n.

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A person without a fixed home or occupation, wanderer, vagabond [occas. difficult to distinguish from (b)]; ?also, an itinerant knight, soldier of fortune [quot. ?a1475] (b) an idle or a…

87. valei(e n.

Additional spellings: valeie
80 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A defined area, often long and narrow, of lower elevation than the surrounding terrain, sometimes bisected by a stream or river, a dale, valley, ravine, etc (b) a valley conceived as a pleasant,…

88. vaut(e n.

Additional spellings: vaute
37 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A structural or decorative arch; an arched interior roof-structure or ceiling; vaut ston, a vault stone; chirche vaut; (b) ?a lid or cover for a container.

89. vavasǒur n.

35 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A feudal tenant holding land of some other vassal, a subvassal; a feudal vassal, a liegeman; also, a member of the landholding nobility, presumably ranking below a baron;—often used in contrast…

90. velvet n.

47 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A soft, piled cloth, velvet; a piece of such cloth (b) in phrases: velvet upon velvet, a patterned velvet cloth of some kind; velvet upon satin, ?a patterned velvet and satin cloth; also, in…

91. venesǒun n.

34 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A wild animal hunted for food or sport, game animal;—often coll.; also, specif., deer; taken (cacchen) venesoun (b) a game animal of a specific level of maturity or with flesh of a certain type;…

92. verdegrē̆ce n.

43 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Any of perh. several copper compounds occurring as rust on copper or brass, or obtained by subjecting copper or brass to the action of acetic acid, in most cases prob. a basic acetate of copper…

93. verdit n.

20 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Law A decision rendered by a jury in an inquest or a court case, verdict; verdit yeldinge; yeven verdit; seien (supposen) for verdit, to find (that sth. is or was the case), make a ruling (b) a…

94. vermilǒun n.

36 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Naturally occurring or synthetic mercuric sulfide, cinnabar; ?also, red lead or another similar red compound (b) cinnabar as a commodity, prob. in its raw state but in some cases perh. prepared…

95. vernish n.

18 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
One or more kinds of resin or gum, or such held in solution and intended for use as a decorative or protective coating on wood or other material, varnish; ?also, varnish used as a vehicle or mordant…

96. vertwel n.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Hawk. A metal ring on a hawk’s jess, to which the leash is attached; (b) a hinge or part of a hinge.

97. vervein(e n.

Additional spellings: verveine
36 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A plant of the genus Verbena, esp. Verbena officinalis, vervain; ?also, a vervain plant [quot. a1500] (b) this plant or parts of it used in cookery recipes; (c) this plant or parts of it used in…

98. vessel n.

203 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A small, portable container, esp. one for storage or serving of food or drink; a flask, pitcher, jug, cup, dish, pot, etc.; a piece of household tableware, a kitchen utensil, etc.; also, an…

99. vileinī(e n.

Additional spellings: vileinie
101 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
Fig. The condition or state of being a thrall to sin.

100. virel n.

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A ring, band, or cap, usu. of metal, put around the end of a piece of wood, the handle of an implement, etc., a ferrule (b) a metal pivot on the projecting end of an axle on a crane, windlass,…