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1. abeien v.

19 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To bend (down); abeien face, incline the head; (b) to bow in homage (to sb.).

2. acōlden v.

10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To make (sth.) cold or cool; to numb (the limbs) with cold; to become cold or numb; (b) of charity: to grow cold or slack; of strife: cool off.

3. ?ādẹ̄ven v.(2)

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To subdue or annihilate (an enemy).

4. afellen v.

22 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To lay (sb.) low, fell, kill; (b) to throw down or destroy (a building); cut down or fell (a tree).

5. afleien v.

10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To put (sb.) to flight, discomfit; to drive out (disease, poison, sin, etc.), dispel.

6. amerren v.

19 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To damage or destroy (crops, a wall, etc.); (b) mar, harm, or destroy (virtue, reputation, the mind, etc.); amarred in minde, distraught; (c) discomfit or ruin (a person, a people); also, kill.

7. awarien v.

29 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To damn (sb.); (b) ppl. awaried, of persons: damned, condemned; also, evil, wicked; as noun: wicked person, one of the damned; (c) ppl. awaried, of things, actions, emotions: evil, wicked…

8. awẹ̄lden v.

30 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To control, rule, govern, command; rule (a country); command (an army); have control of (one's body, desire, etc.), guide (one's) actions; wield (a weapon), manage (a horse); (b) to conquer…

9. awē̆rden v.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To harm or destroy.

10. ayẹ̄lden v.

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To repay (money); (b) to surrender (a town); ayelden up; (c) refl. to give oneself up, surrender.

11. beien v.

35 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To bend (sth.), bow (the head), bend or flex (the back, knees, legs); refl. to bend, stoop, fall; (b) to turn or incline (one's ear, oneself) attentively; (c) to bend, give way, weaken.

12. bekenen v.

19 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To give a mute signal, communicate by signs or gestures, beckon; bekenen with the eie, to wink; (b) to summon (sb.); esp., summon with a signal or gesture; (c) to point, point to (sth.).

13. bẹ̄lden, bēlden v.

38 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To encourage (sb.), strengthen, help, support; -- also refl.; (b) to instruct (sb.), edify; (c) to become strong, be strong; flourish; of a child: grow, mature.

14. bēren v.(2)

14 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To cry out, bellow, howl, roar; (b) to sing loudly; of bells or trumpets: resound; (c) to conduct oneself (in a certain manner), behave. [Sense (c) has been largely taken over by bēren v. (1)…

15. bicherren v.

Additional spellings: becherren
19 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To turn (sb.) away from the proper course; lead astray, mislead; (b) to delude, deceive; outwit, dupe.

16. biclēpen, -ien v.

Additional spellings: beclepen, biclepien, beclepien
17 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To accuse (sb.); make a charge; (b) to plead (a cause).

17. bidwēl(i)en v.

Additional spellings: bedwelen, bidwelien, bedwelien
4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To delude, dupe; (b) to bewilder, confound.

18. bifellen v.

Additional spellings: befellen
1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To fell (an enemy).

19. bigẹ̄men v.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To have or take charge of (sth.), take care of.

20. bilẹ̄ven v.(2)

Additional spellings: beleven
64 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Theol. To believe (in a doctrine, in God, etc.); -- with in, on, upon, to, into phrase; (b) to profess (a deity).

21. bī̆sten v.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To buffet (sb.), pummel, flog, beat; also without obj., of waves: to dash, rage.

22. biyēten v.

Additional spellings: beyeten
87 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To acquire (property, goods, etc.), get possession of, get; biyeten togedre, accumulate; lele, right bigeten, gotten rightfully, wrong biyeten, ill-gotten; (b) to get control over (a country, a…

23. bōlden v.

38 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To become encouraged, take heart, cheer up; -- refl. or intr.; (b) to embolden or encourage (sb.); comfort (sb.), cheer up; bolden herte.

24. calven v.

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Of a cow: to give birth to (a calf), have a calf; ben calved, of a calf: be born; of a cow: have a calf; (b) of a hind: to bear a fawn; ben calved, of a fawn: be born.

25. clēpen v.

196 quotations in 11 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To speak; call, shout; clepen out; clepen of, talk about (sth.); of birds: to sing; (b) to speak (to sb.); -- with to, upon phr.; (c) to say (sth.); utter (words, blasphemy, etc.); call (a name)…

26. cōlden v.

45 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To grow or make cold; cool off; (b) of the human body or parts of it: to feel cold; lose warmth (as in death).

27. dēden v.

10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To kill (sth.); also fig.; (b) to die; (c) to deaden (sth.), stupefy; (d) to become dull or insensible.

28. dẹ̄pen v.

18 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To dip (sth.), immerse; also, dye (sth), stain; idept in grain, dyed in grain, dyed with fast color; (b) to baptize; (c) fig. to immerse (oneself in a story, in a way of life); ben deped, be…

29. dē̆rnen v.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To keep (sth.) secret, conceal.

30. dẹ̄ven v.(2)

8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To sink (sth.), plunge (sb. down to hell); (b) to dive, plunge downward, sink; (c) deven in, to sink into (sth.) by depressing the surface; of a blow: to cut into (the body).

31. dǒuen v.(1)

36 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
Of actions or things: to have worth or validity; be useful, profitable, helpful, or effective; avail; douen the better, turn out all the better; douen litel (neked), have little (no) effect, avail…

32. drẹ̄men v.(1)

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Of a musical instrument: to resound; also fig.; (b) to sing; (c) to shout, clamor, talk loudly, be hilarious; (d) to rejoice; dremen of, rejoice in (sth.).

33. drẹ̄pen v.(2)

12 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To drip; of a liquid: to fall in drops, drip; (b) drepen with, to moisten or smear (sb.) with (sth.); (c) to droop, sink down; be faint-hearted, languish; dreping mone, ?a waning moon; (d) to lie…

34. fellen v.

90 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
To make (something) fall or drop from a supported or hanging position; to knock (fruit, flowers, leaves) from a tree; to cut (a person) down from a cross or gibbet; to shed (tears); fellen a)doun.

35. fēsen v.

17 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Drive or chase; spur (a horse); incite (to action); (b) put to flight, rout (an enemy); discomfit.

36. fleien v.

31 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To put to flight; drive away; pursue; (b) to rout or defeat (an enemy).

37. flẹ̄men v.(1)

53 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To expel, banish, exile, outlaw; -- often with from, of, out, out of; (b) flemed man, an exile, an outlaw; (c) to disgrace (someone); to condemn; ppl. flemed, disgraced, condemned, destitute of…

38. flẹ̄ten v.(2)

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To skim (a liquid); to take the cream off (milk), remove the scum of (ale), etc.

39. foryē̆ten v.

179 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To fail to remember (an action, emotion, idea), to forget or disregard (a condition, fact, quality, duty, promise); (b) to overlook, mislay, or leave behind (a material object); (c) with inf.: to…

40. foryēven v.

135 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To pardon (sb., a sin, one's guilt, etc.), absolve (sb.); forgive (sb., sth.) --also with to phrase; (b) God foryeve, may God forgive; (c) to pardon (a crime or offense), show mercy to (a…

41. gī̆rden v.(2)

94 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To strike (sb.); girden at, aim a blow at (sb.); girden on, rain (blows) on (sb.); (b) girden abak, to drive (sb.) back with blows, repel; girden al to poudre, beat (sb.) to dust; girden doun

42. halten v.

30 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To walk with limping or uneven gait, walk lamely, limp; ?also, stagger, straddle; (b) ppl. halting, limping; as noun: the halting, those who limp or are lame, the lame.

43. hẹ̄nen v.(1)

14 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To injure (sb.), oppress, persecute; (b) to hate, despise; henen at, scoff at (sb.).

44. hēpen v.

37 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To gather (things) into a heap; sweep up (dirt); (b) to fill (a container, a measure, one's hand) heaping full, heap up; fill (a cup) to the brim; (c) to collect (people or things), gather; hepen

45. hẹ̄ren v.

326 quotations in 9 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To hear (a sound, speech, words, message, etc.); fer herd, heard afar; (b) to hear (sb. or sth. making sounds), hear (sb. who speaks), hear (a noisy action); (c) fig. of love, the soul: to hear…

46. hēven v.

170 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To raise (an object, a body, the hands, etc.) upright or to a higher position; lift up, hoist; heven on rode, crucify; (b) heven up, to lift up (sb. or sth.); [cp. up heven]; (c) to raise (sb…

47. hōlden v.(1)

1369 quotations in 35 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To take hold of (sb. or sth.), hold with the hand, grasp; clasp (one's hand); capture (sb.), seize; embrace (sb.); holden nese (nose), hold one's nose; (b) to grasp; take hold; remain fast; also f

48. hōten v.(1)

519 quotations in 9 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To give (a person, place) a (specified) proper name; name (sb. or sth.); refl. call oneself (sth.), be named (sth.); hoten for, name (a people) after (sb.); (b) ben hoten, to have a (certain)…

49. iburȝen v.

27 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To protect (sb.), preserve (sb.) alive, afford refuge to (sb.); refl. save oneself, escape; ben iborȝen, be acquitted; (b) ben (worthen) iborȝen, to be saved from damnation, be redeemed, attain…

50. icheien v.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To call (sb.), summon.

51. ied-neuen v.

Additional spellings: iedneuen
1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To restore (sth.), renew, rebuild.

52. ifallen v.

13 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To fall down (into hell); (b) to fall dead, be killed; (c) to fall (into misfortune), come (to grief); (d) to fall spiritually or morally; (e) of buildings: to come down in ruins, collapse.

53. ihẹ̄ren v.

162 quotations in 9 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To hear (a sound, the voice, a word, etc.); iheren with ere(s; -- also absol.; (b) to hear (sb. or sth. make sounds), hear (sb. speak), hear (a noisy action).

54. ihōlden v.

125 quotations in 14 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To take hold of (sb.), hold (sb.) fast; (b) of disease, hunger: to affect (sb.); ben iholden, be afflicted.

55. ihwerven v.

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To transform (sb. or sth.); also, be changed (for the better).

56. ilẹ̄ven v.(2)

99 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To believe (in God, a religious doctrine, etc.); believe (in sth. substituted for an object of true belief); also, be converted to belief (in Christ); -- with on, in, a phrase; (b) ileven up, to…

57. imelten v.

21 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To melt (sth.), dissolve; also fig.; ppl. imolten, melted, molten; (b) to make (sth. by crushing the ingredients), crumble; of food: digest, be digested.

58. imẹ̄ten v.(3)

53 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To come upon (sb. or sth.), encounter, meet, confront; imeten with, meet (sb.); refl. meet (each other); wel imet, as a greeting: well met; (b) to address (sb.) in greeting, greet.

59. irēden v.

43 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To counsel (sb.), advise; (b) to give (counsel); teach (a lesson to sb.); (c) to provide for (sb.), help; the is irad, it is provided for you, you have been provided for.

60. isellen v.

26 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To give (sth.), provide, grant; also, to give away (sth.); entrust (the world to man); give (sth. as security); (b) to give (sb.) up (to another), deliver; (c) to sell (sth.); sell (sb.) into…

61. isẹ̄n v.(1)

340 quotations in 12 senses
Sense / Definition
To employ the faculty of vision, use the eyes for seeing; also, be able to see, have the power of vision; fig. use or have spiritual insight.

62. itellen v.

79 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To recount (a series of events, a happening), relate (sth. to sb.), narrate; itellen a tale, tell a tale; (b) to tell (sth.) in speech or writing; tell (sth. to sb.), report, state; itellen despit

63. iwaxen v.

18 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To grow, increase in size; grow (to sth.) [quot.: a1400]; (b) to grow up, mature, become fully developed; (c) to become (sth.); (d) to become greater or more numerous.

64. iyarwen v.

12 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To prepare (sth.), make, build; (b) to make (food) healthful; make possible (forgiveness); (c) to accomplish (healing); also, apply (a poultice); -- used in fig. context.

65. laughen v.

245 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To laugh (in amusement, triumph, derision, etc.); smile; jeer; of the eye(s: show pleasure or amusement; (b) laughen for scorn (bismare), laughen ascorn, to laugh in scorn; laughen faste (loude,

66. lẹ̄chnen v.

17 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To cure (sb.), heal; (b) to cure (diseased eyes or ears, limbs); (c) to heal (a disease, a wound); (d) to heal (the soul, spiritual sickness).

67. lēpen v.

281 quotations in 11 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of persons, animals, etc.: to jump, leap, spring; hop as a game or sport; jump for pain, fear, or anger; lepen up; lepen a lope, take a jump; also fig.; (b) to jump (into or out of some place or…

68. lẹ̄sen v.(5)

73 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of God, Christ: to redeem (man, the soul, etc.); lesen from, lesen (out) of, deliver (man, etc.) from (hell, the Devil, sin or its consequences, etc.); (b) refl. to free oneself (from suffering in…

69. lēswen v.

15 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To tend (livestock) at pasture, herd; also fig.; ppl. leswed, grass-fed, pastured; (b) to tend livestock at pasture; ppl. lesend, as noun: one who pastures sheep, fig. a religious leader; (c) to…

70. lēten v.

1283 quotations in 40 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To grant (sb. land, rights, privileges); fig. allow (sb. time), grant (sb. a reprieve); grant (a place or room to hatred); (b) to bequeath (property), leave (property to sb. at one's death); fig.

71. lēthen v.

26 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To free (sb.), let loose, set free; also, spare (sb.), save; (b) to loosen (bonds, a knot); also fig.; (c) to lessen the pressure on (one's heel).

72. lẹ̄̆theren v.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To become covered (with blood or sweat), be bathed in, be lathered; (b) ?to cover (someone's body with blood); (c) to wash or soak clothes.

73. lẹ̄ven v.(3)

39 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To grant (sth. to sb.), grant (sth.); (b) to give permission; authorize (sb. or sth.), allow; (c) to allow (sb. to do sth.), empower; grant (that sth. be done or be the case); grant (sb. that he…

74. lẹ̄ven v.(4)

210 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To believe in (God, Christ, etc.); leven in (into, o, on, to, upon), have faith in (God, Christ); also, believe in (a false god, an idol); leven on Marie, believe Mary (to be queen of heaven); (b)…

75. līen v.(2)

165 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To tell a lie, speak falsely, deceive; lie to (sb.); (b) lien in, to slander (sb.); lien of, make a false claim for (sb., oneself), boast about; also, lie about (sth.); lien o, slander (sb…

76. lighten v.(1)

129 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of lights, lanterns, etc.: to emit light, shine; of fire: burn, blaze; refl. of the sun: shine; impers. lighten, flash; -- with or without hit; ppl. lightinge, of incense: clear; pure; of spots or…

77. liven v.(1)

564 quotations in 10 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To be alive, continue to live, survive; also, be alive spiritually; (b) liven longe, to live for a long time; liven leng (lengere, longere), live longer, live longer than someone else; liven litel

78. melten v.

161 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To melt (ice, metal, snow, tallow, wax, etc.); liquefy (sth.); ppl. molten, liquid, melted; thing molten, a liquid; molten pich, pich molten, tar; moltetaleu, rendered tallow; (b) to melt down…

79. merren v.

129 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
To spurn (lust), interfere with (intention), obstruct (law), bar (the way), stop (troubles), gainsay (prophecy), hinder (a scheme).

80. mēten v.(3)

68 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To have a dream of (sth.), dream (sth., a dream, that sth. occurs); (b) to dream; dream (of sb. or sth., in a certain way).

81. misyẹ̄men v.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To abuse (sth.); (b) to neglect (sth.).

82. neighlē̆chen v.

26 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To approach; approach or come close to (sb. or sth.), draw near to; also fig.; neighlechen to (bihalves, toward, upon); (b) of day, death, judgment, etc.: to be at hand, be near, draw near; impers

83. ofclēpen v.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To summon (sb.).

84. offallen v.

8 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To kill (sb.); crush (sb.) to death; (b) to defeat (sb. or sth.), bring to grief; (c) ppl. offallen, of a city: ruined.

85. ōlden v.

10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To grow old; take on the characteristics of old age, grow feeble; (b) of things: to deteriorate through age; become outdated.

86. ondrēden v.

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Refl. To be afraid; (b) to fear (sb. or sth.), be afraid of; be in awe of (God); -- also with inf. or that-clause; -- also refl.; ppl. þam ondredde, as noun: the fearful or timid.

87. onȝiten v.

20 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To perceive (sth.), see; med. observe (a symptom), experience (a condition); (b) to recognize (voices); (c) to understand (sth.), comprehend; perceive (that sth. is done, that sth. is the case…

88. overhẹ̄ren v.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
To hear (sth.) fully or plainly; -- also without obj.

89. pleien v.(1)

371 quotations in 10 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To play; have fun, enjoy oneself, be merry; be joyful; also, watch games [quot.: c1450(?a1400)]; ?also fig. [quot.: (a1398)]; (b) of animals, birds, fish: to play, frisk, flutter; also, in…

90. quellen v.(1)

69 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To kill; kill (sb.), slay; also, to kill by strangulation or suffocation [quot.: PParv.]; (b) to kill (an animal); -- also without obj.; quellen as beste, slaughter (sb.) like an animal; quellen

91. quelmen v.

5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To kill (sb.); (b) to die; (c) to torment (a body); (d) to suffer, endure torment.

92. rēden v.(1)

687 quotations in 24 senses
Sense / Definition
To read; engage in reading; also, know how to read; reden in, read in (a book); also fig.; read on (a surface); reden on, read or read in (a book, etc.); also fig.; reden of (upon); connen reden, know…

93. righten v.

116 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To straighten (sth., a path); make right (deformed limbs), make normal, restore; also iron. [quot.: Lay.Brut]; righten oute, straighten out (stiffened limbs); (b) to stand up straight, rise…

94. sellen v.

241 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To give (sth., sth. to sb.), present as a gift, bestow; also, give away possessions [quot.: Bod.Hom., 2nd]; sellen on honde, give (sth. into someone's hand); (b) to grant (sth. to sb.), render…

95. sẹ̄n v.(1)

1447 quotations in 37 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To see (sb., sth., a place) with the eyes, catch sight of, notice; also, be able to see (sb., sth., a place); also fig.; (b) with ellipsis of obj. or rel.pron.; -- also in than clause; (c) ppl. se

96. sharpen v.

63 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To make the point of (an arrow, a pen, stake, etc.) sharp; make the edge of (a sword, tool, etc.) sharp; also fig.; sharpen in-to, sharpen (sth.) so as to become (a spear); -- used fig.; sharpen

97. sitten v.

603 quotations in 21 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To be in a sitting position, be seated; occupy a seat; also, with adverbs: sitten abenche, be seated at table; sitten abouten, be sitting around in an area; sitten on, sit by; sitten softe, be…

98. slēn v.

449 quotations in 10 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To strike (sth.), beat; pitch (a tent); light (a fire); strike off (a head from the body); beat (metal into a shape) [quot.: c1175(?OE) HRood]; -- used without obj.; slen of, cut off (someone's…

99. slẹ̄pen v.

235 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To sleep, be asleep; (b) slepen as a beste (a swin, hogges, swin); slepen drie (wet), to sleep in a dry (wet) place; slepen faste (kindeli, sadli, savourli, seurli, soft, sound, soundli, swote, sw

100. slīven v.(2)

3 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To slip, slide; also fig.; sliven bak; (b) sliven doun, to slip (sth.) down, peel back.