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1. arēren, arẹ̄ren v.

132 quotations in 15 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To raise (sth.) to a vertical position; to set upright; areren up; (b) of a horse: to rear.

2. bī̆nden v.

371 quotations in 19 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To tie (sth.) up, as with a cord; bind (sheaves); gather or hold together, as with a girdle; tie (a bag, purse) shut; tie off, as with a tourniquet; (b) to tie or fasten (sb., sth. to sth. else)…

3. bresten v.

175 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To be broken, fall apart, break, shatter; bresten atwo, bresten atwinne, bresten in peces, bresten in sunder; (b) to break (sth.), shatter, crush; break (one's arm); ppl. brosten, of grain or…

4. clensen v.

101 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To separate (the grain) from the chaff and other refuse, sift, winnow; (b) to free (liquid, etc.) from sediment and impurities, clarify, strain; (c) to free (metal) of dross, refine; refl. be…

5. crampen v.

10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To bend (sth.), curl, curve, twist; (b) to bend, genuflect; (c) med. to afflict (part of the body) with spasms.

6. crẹ̄pen v.

148 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
To crawl like a snake or worm; ppl. cropen, crawled, having crawled, that has (have) crawled; icropen in drit, crawling in filth.

7. dighten v.

278 quotations in 12 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To prepare (sth.), get ready for use; dig (a grave), tune (one's voice), polish (arrows, instruments), repair (equipment); (b) to ornament (sth.), adorn; dye (a cloth) [quot.St.Anne]; (c) to…

8. drauen v.

766 quotations in 21 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To pull, tug, draw; pull in harness; (b) to pull (sb. or sth.), drag, tug at; pull up (a drawbridge); (c) to draw or withdraw (a part of the body); (d) to pull (a vehicle), tow (a ship), turn…

9. drīen v.(1)

100 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To make (sth.) dry; dry (oneself, one's clothes); evaporate the moisture from (sth.); (b) to dry (sth.) by wiping, wipe dry; wipe away (tears); dry (one's eyes); (c) to make (moisture) evaporate…

10. flẹ̄n v.(1)

251 quotations in 9 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To retreat, run away, flee; flen awei, awei flen; also fig., of the sea: to roll back; (b) to flee (an enemy), run away from; (c) as inflected infin. (?also as ppl.) preceded by to; (d) flen fro

11. flēn v.(2)

76 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To strip the skin from (a person, a part of someone's body); also, to tear the skin to shreds (by blows, scourging, etc.); to strip (the skin from the flesh); flen of, to flay off (the skin); flen

12. forbẹ̄den v.

191 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
To prohibit (an action, a practice, a sin), to forbid (someone to do something);--usually with personal indirect object: (a) with that clause, usually neg. & subjunctive, as direct object; (b) with…

13. forkerven v.

20 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To cut or split (something) in two, cut to pieces, cut severely; forkerven a two; (b) to cut off (something), to cut down (a tree).

14. frēten v.(1)

138 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To devour (something), to eat up; (b) to eat (something); esp., to eat hungrily or greedily; freten fil, to eat (one's) fill; freten of, to partake of, eat of; freten up, to eat up, devour; (c) to…

15. gaderen v.

213 quotations in 12 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of people: to come together, assemble, congregate; meet, have a meeting; gaderen abouten, gaderen unto, crowd around (sb.), surround; (b) refl. to come together, assemble; gaderen samen, gaderen

16. gnauen v.

105 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To gnaw (sth.) with the teeth or other biting organs; bite, chew, nibble; freten and gnauen; gnauen sharp, chew (sth.) to a point; (b) to gnaw; gnauen at (on, upon), gnaw on (sth.); of horses…

17. harden v.

51 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To make (sth.) physically hard or rigid, harden; provide (sth.) with a hard edge or point; harden into, change (sth.) into (sth. else) by hardening; (b) to make (sth.) encrusted or hardened (on to…

18. hē̆vīen v.

52 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To make (sth.) heavy in weight or specific gravity; (b) to weigh (sb.) down; (c) to make (the eyes) heavy with sleep; make (the wits) unapprehending.

19. hīden v.

199 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To conceal (sb. or sth.), hide, put in a secret place; also fig.; hiden face, disappear; (b) refl. to conceal oneself, hide; disappear; (c) to protect (sb. or sth.), shelter; hiden hed, hide…

20. hōlen v.(2)

29 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To make a hole; pierce (sth.); bore through (sth.); (b) ppl. holed, provided with a hole or holes, pierced, perforated; (c) med. to cause (skin) to ulcerate; ppl. holed, ulcerated, festered.

21. irīmen v.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To open (a door or entrance); (b) to clear (a land) for oneself, conquer (a country); (c) med. to clear a path for (urine).

22. isellen v.

26 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To give (sth.), provide, grant; also, to give away (sth.); entrust (the world to man); give (sth. as security); (b) to give (sb.) up (to another), deliver; (c) to sell (sth.); sell (sb.) into…

23. iwǒunden v.

29 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To wound (sb., an animal, a part of the body), injure by piercing the skin or flesh of; also fig. & in fig. context; iwoundede to the deth, mortally wounded; (b) to disfigure (a statue), mar…

24. kẹ̄pen v.

912 quotations in 36 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To care about (sb.), wish for (sth.), desire (sb. or sth.); kepen no bettre, want nothing better; kepen no more, desire nothing more; kepen of, care about (sb.); (b) kepen nought (nothing, not) of

25. kerven v.

272 quotations in 18 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of an edged or pointed weapon, a sharp implement, a stroke, etc.: to cut or pierce, make a cut or incision, inflict a stroke that cuts or pierces; have the property of cutting or piercing; also fi

26. lēven v.(1)

559 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To stop, cease; discontinue a narrative; leven of, stop, make an end, come to an end; leven in honde, discontinue a narrative; (b) to desist from (sth., some activity), give over, leave off…

27. lǒven v.(1)

423 quotations in 10 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To feel affection or friendship for (sb., an animal), love; also, show love to (sb.), behave lovingly toward; (b) loven hem, to love each other or one another, be or become friends; loven hem

28. onȝiten v.

20 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To perceive (sth.), see; med. observe (a symptom), experience (a condition); (b) to recognize (voices); (c) to understand (sth.), comprehend; perceive (that sth. is done, that sth. is the case…

29. ō̆penen v.

336 quotations in 12 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To unclose (a gate, door, window), open; open (a gate) to (sb.); (b) to open the door to (sb.); openen to, open the door to (sb.), permit (sb.) to enter; (c) without obj.: to unlock; as command…

30. overflouen v.

26 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Of the sea or springs: to overflow the bounds, flood; (b) to inundate (sb. or sth.), flow over, flood; (c) of tears: to flow over (the face), suffuse; (d) med. of hemorrhoids: to bleed too much…

31. putten v.

1280 quotations in 42 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To push, shove, thrust; strike a blow, smite; putten with fet, trample, kick; putten with fet and hondes, thrust with feet and hands; putten ayen, push against (sb.); stumble against (sb.); putten

32. quenchen v.

211 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
To extinguish (sth.); -- freq. in fig. context: (a) to extinguish (fire, sth. burning); (b) to extinguish (light, a candle, lantern, etc., the sun); (c) to cool (heat, sth. hot, an inflammation, a…

33. rīpen v.(1)

53 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of fruit, grain, seed, etc.: to grow ripe, ripen; also fig.; of a flower: reach full growth; of an animal: become mature; ppl. riping as adj.: becoming ripe; (b) to cause (sth.) to ripen; bring…

34. rīsen v.

422 quotations in 15 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To stand up, rise to one's feet from a sitting, kneeling, or reclining position; get up from table; of an animal: get to its feet; of a toad: rear up (from a crouching position); risen ayen

35. rō̆ten v.(1)

133 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of animal substances: to undergo natural decomposition, putrefy, rot; of a corpse or part of a dead body: become putrid, decay; of cheese: spoil; roten awei, rot away, disintegrate completely…

36. setten v.

1640 quotations in 40 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To make (sb.) sit, seat (sb.); also, with partitive construction: setten of..over heigh setle, fig. seat (someone's offspring) upon (his) high throne, make to rule; setten adoun (doun, up), make…

37. shāken v.

239 quotations in 12 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To go, hurry, run; ride; flee, depart; go by ship, sail; also, of a bird: fly [quot.: c1300 SLeg.]; shaken awei-ward, ride off, leave; shaken forth, set out; shaken in-to (to) ship, go to a ship…

38. shāven v.

126 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To scrape (sth.) with a knife or tool; scrape (a parchment, hide, etc.); scrape the skin from (a tongue); also fig.; scrape or slice (sth.) into thin pieces, grate; rub (sth.); of a medicine…

39. shitten v.

193 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To close (a door, window, gate, etc.); also, close the gates of (heaven) [quot.: PPl.B]; shitten faste; (b) ppl. shitte, closed, shut, not open; (c) shitten ayenes, to shut (a gate) against (sb…

40. slēn v.

449 quotations in 10 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To strike (sth.), beat; pitch (a tent); light (a fire); strike off (a head from the body); beat (metal into a shape) [quot.: c1175(?OE) HRood]; -- used without obj.; slen of, cut off (someone's…

41. smẹ̄ken v.

10 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
To give off smoke; also fig.; ppl. smekinge, smoking; swart-smeked, blackened with smoke.

42. smīten v.

595 quotations in 12 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To deal a blow, strike, beat; do battle, fight; also fig.; also, slash with a sword [quots. a1420, a1450(1408), a1460]; also, of a battle: be fought, rage [quot. a1500 Octav.(1)]; smiten adoun

43. spẹ̄den v.

294 quotations in 9 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To achieve one's goal, accomplish one's purpose; fulfill one's expectation; also, refl. be successful; (b) speden in, to succeed in (sth., an action); speden of, succeed in obtaining (sth., sb. as…

44. stingen v.

102 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To pierce, stab; -- also used of a spear, nail, thorn, stone, etc.; also fig.; stingen under gore, fig. have sexual intercourse; (b) to stab (sb., a horse); pierce (the body or a part of the…

45. stinten v.

218 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To cease in one's actions, efforts, etc.; also, of God: bring an action or a process to a stop [quot. c1400(c1378)]; (b) to stop talking, weeping, or singing, pause in speech or narration; remain…

46. stō̆nden v.(1)

1462 quotations in 46 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To assume or maintain a standing position, stand upright; stand in a place; -- also used of an idol [quot. a1480]; also, be on foot (as opposed to on horseback); (b) stonden afote, stonden on fot

47. stoppen v.

235 quotations in 12 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To obstruct (a street, lane, passage, an entrance, etc.) with a physical barrier, block; close (a port), prevent access to; blockade (the sea), close to traffic; block (someone's way); also fig.

48. tauen v.

16 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To prepare (an animal skin or hide, leather) for use by dressing, treating, or curing it, curry; specif. tan (a skin or hide) by mineral means, treat with alum and salt to produce a white leather…

49. thinken v.(2)

569 quotations in 10 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To exercise the faculty of reason, cogitate; exercise the reason about (sth.); with clause as obj.: think about (what one is saying, why sth. happened, etc.); also, deduce (that sth. is so); vertu

50. tọ̄̆shēden v.

28 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To separate (persons); (b) to part (hair), ?comb; (c) to cause (vapor) to precipitate (into rain, hail, etc.); precipitate (vapor) out of the air.

51. tọ̄̆slitten v.

10 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To cut (sb., a shield) to pieces; slash open (a bag, bone, etc.), slit asunder; also fig.; ppl. tosliten as adj., of a wound: split open; (b) of lions: to tear (sb.) to pieces, devour; of snakes…

52. undọ̄n v.

246 quotations in 10 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To open a door or gate by unlocking it; open (a door, gate, window, etc.), unlock, unbar; uncover (a pit); unseal (a grave, tomb, etc.); also fig. (b) to unlock (a lock, locked container) with a…

53. unknitten v.

45 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To untie (a knot), undo; also, fig. untangle (the knot of a question), solve (b) fig. to undo (the knot or bond of marriage, love, etc.), cause to come apart; also, of the knot joining lovers:…

54. washen v.

354 quotations in 12 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To do household washing or cleaning [quot. c1400(?a1387)]; wash (sth.) in or with water or other liquid, clean by scrubbing, rinsing, soaking, etc. in liquid; wash (a dish, vessel); also, wash…

55. werken v.(1)

617 quotations in 19 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To act, behave, proceed; act (in a specified way), proceed (on the basis of sth., according to sth.), act (so as to do sth.), do (as one should, as sb. enjoins, according to sth., etc.); werken

56. wẹ̄sten v.(2)

9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) To lay waste to (a place), ravage, devastate; (b) to waste away; also, refl. of the flesh: waste itself, be consumed or wasted away; med. cause (a humor) to diminish or dissipate; westen awei.

57. withseien v.

100 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To speak against someone or something, make a protest; voice opposition (to sb. or sth.); also, med. give a contraindication [last quot.] (b) to oppose (sb. or sth.) verbally; also, denounce (sb.…

58. wratthen v.

101 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To be or become angry, rage; also in fig. context [quot. a1500(a1400)]; of God: be or become righteously wrathful; of a person, God, etc.: be angry (with sb. or sth.); fig. of the sea: rage, storm…

59. yẹ̄ten v.(3)

106 quotations in 9 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To pour out (a fluid or liquid) from a container, pour onto a surface or into a receptacle; pour (a fluid over a surface or into a container, a bodily orifice, etc.); also fig. and in fig.

60. yēven v.

1371 quotations in 35 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) To give alms, gifts, etc., give something voluntarily, make a gift; give generously (to sb.); give alms, gifts, etc. (to sb.) in response to a request; also, in partitive construction: yeven of