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1. abātement n.

9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Lessening, loss; (b) impairment, infringement; (c) lowering (of prices), depreciation; deficiency, as in the weight of a coin; a deduction for light weight; (d) law the quashing of a suit or writ…

2. ac(c)ūsāciǒun, -tiọ̄n n.

Additional spellings: accusacioun, acusation, accusation
16 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The act of charging someone with an offence or misconduct; (b) law formal accusation, indictment; (c) self-accusation, confession.

3. actǒur n.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) A doer, a maker; (b) actour of curing, that which brings about a cure; (c) a guardian, a steward; (d) law one who brings suit at law, the plaintiff.

4. addiciǒun n.

31 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
Math. The act of adding numbers together; the arithmetical process of addition.

5. advocacīe, advō̆cātie n.

Additional spellings: advocatie
5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Law (a) the activity of a professional pleader in courts of law, advocacy; (b) the advocacy performed by a prosecutor, a charge or accusation; (c) theol. intercession or advocacy on behalf of a sinner…

6. affrai n.

47 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Assault, attack; maken affrai; (b) outcry, uproar, disturbance; of boiling: commotion; (c) law a brawl, riot, public disorder.

7. aide n.

16 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Assistance, help, support; (b) a helper; (c) mil. an auxilliary, a mercenary; (d) law aide prier [OF phrase, lit. 'ask for help'], an appeal for help from a party interested in the matter in…

8. ālienāciǒun n.

18 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
Law The transfer of one's title to property or rights; alienation or sale (of property); surrender or loss (of a right); also, alteration (of a will) [quot. 1458].

9. allē̆gāciǒun n.

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Law Formal declaration in court, presentation of evidence; maken allegacioun, declare; (b) an argument or reason proffered as evidence or proof.

10. allē̆ǧea(u)nce n.(1)

Additional spellings: allegeaunce
13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Law A formal declaration or deposition; (b) the citing of authorities (esp. the Scriptures) in support of a doctrine or opinion; (c) the expression of an opinion or objection; assertion…

11. almes(se n.

Additional spellings: almesse
144 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Anything given to relieve those in poverty or distress, any charitable gift or offering, alms; an allotment of alms; eten almes, be dependent on alms; gan on almes, liven bi, of almes, live on…

12. ap(p)araunce, -ence n.

Additional spellings: apparaunce, aparence, apparence
44 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Visible form, figure; (b) sight.

13. ap(p)ēl n.(2)

Additional spellings: appel
32 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
Law (a) A formal accusation brought in court, maken apel, pursuen apel; a document embodying such a charge; writ of apel; (b) a challenge to trial by combat; complien apel, answer such a challenge.

14. arbitrement n.

23 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
Law (a) Authority or power to make binding judicial decisions, jurisdiction; (b) a legally binding decision, verdict; stonden to (at) the arbitrement, abiden (stonden) arbitrement, abide by the…

15. atteindre n.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Law (a) Conviction or sentencing of a felon [usually involving death by hanging, the extinction of all civil rights, forfeiture of property, and 'corruption of blood']; (b) bil of atteindre, a bill…

16. atteinte n.

9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Law A charge of felony (such as treason or misconduct in office); conviction of such an offence; seuen atteinte; (b) misconduct; (c) an attack or raid.

17. auctǒur n.

49 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) One who makes or creates a person or thing, one who founds an institution, one who brings about an action or a condition; creator, maker, originator, founder; perpetrator; first auctour, God; (b)…

18. avail(e n.

Additional spellings: availe
68 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Benefit, advantage, profit; ben avail, to be useful or effective; ben litel avail, to be of little value; (b) of persons: worthiness.

19. avauntāǧe n.

79 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Dominant, privileged, or advantageous position; supremacy, superiority; haven avauntage of (before), to be superior to (sb.); (b) ship of avauntage, a superior ship, ?a faster ship; (c) at most

20. aver(r)ement n.

Additional spellings: averrement
4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Law (a) Proof; esp., a declaration under oath or a declaration supported by the oaths of others; (b) instruction [prob. scribal error].

21. avīs n.

109 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
Sight, view; inspection, scrutiny.

22. avǒu(e)rīe n.

Additional spellings: avouerie
20 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
The act of declaring something to be one's own, acknowledgment; sone bi avourie, adopted son.

23. bail(le n.(1)

Additional spellings: baille
21 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Captivity, custody; (b) charge, guardianship, stewardship.

24. barre n.

112 quotations in 10 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A barrier, obstruction, or barricade, esp. outside the gate of a walled city or castle; also, the gate itself; -- often pl.; (b) in names: gate (of a walled city).

25. benefī̆ce n.

61 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A deed of friendship, benevolent act, a favor, a kindness; (b) an act of piety, a good deed.

26. calumnīe n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) False accusation, slander; (b) law a false challenge, legal objection raised in bad faith.

27. cā̆s n.

263 quotations in 11 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) State of affairs, circumstances, situation; predicament; hard cas; the fortunes (of a person), lot, destiny; (b) senden cas, yeven cas, to grant fortune, rule destiny; grant (a certain kind of)…

28. cauciǒun n.

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Something offered as security, such as a pledge, a bond, a pawn, or bail; finden, laien, yeven caucioun, give a pledge, furnish security; caucioun marchant, ?security in goods; (b) law an…

29. chalenǧe n.

44 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A false or malicious accusation or charge; also, any charge; wrong chalenge, an accusation of having done wrong; (b) wrong chalenge, wrongdoing, injury inflicted upon others.

30. champartīe n.

17 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
Law The practice of aiding a litigant for a share of the matter in dispute, champerty.

31. chẹ̄f n.

72 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The head or leader (of an organization); ruler, governor, administrator, commander, chief officer, chief; chef of clergie, high priest; chef of holi chirche; etc.; (b) the (chief) seat (of a…

32. clause n.

38 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A sentence or clause, a brief statement, a short passage, a short text or quotation; in a clause, briefly, in short; (b) a written message or letter; a story; a long passage in an author's source…

33. clerǧīe n.

56 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The clergy (as distinguished from the laity); also, a particular group of clerics; (b) the clergy of a country (as a political class); also, the prelates of the realm, the lords spiritual; (c) the…

34. clōsūre n.

24 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) An encircling structure or barrier, such as a wall, fence, hedge, or moat; (b) a cover (of a book).

35. collūsiǒun n.

24 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
Law (a) A secret understanding or agreement between persons to circumvent the law or to achieve a purpose by unfair or fraudulent means; collusion; (b) a fraudulent act, a subterfuge.

36. condiciǒun n.

104 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A situation or state; circumstances of life or existence; condicioun of poverte, prosperite; childes condicioun, childhood; (b) status or station in a society; free condicioun, high condicioun,

37. conissaunce n.

32 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Knowledge, understanding, information; (b) recognition; (c) ben of conissaunce, to be known or familiar to (sb.), be of (one's) acquaintance.

38. continūaunce n.

56 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
Of persons: perseverance, continued application; constancy, patience; don, maken, usen continuaunce, to persevere, persist.

39. contract n.

19 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
Eccl. A solemn agreement to enter into matrimony, marriage vow or contract; contract of matrimonie (weddinge); also, a breach of this vow [quot.: 1395].

40. cǒntrẹ̄(e n.

Additional spellings: contree
191 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
Any geographic area or physiographic province, whatever its size: region, district, area, place; also, with implication of political organization: territory, country, land; contre and coste; of contre

41. cǒvenaunt n.

102 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
An agreement between parties binding them to certain provisions; a compact (as of betrothal or marriage), a pact (as of peace); maken (a) covenaunt; binden to covenaunt; holden covenaunt, kepen

42. curraunt ppl. & n.

10 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Running, moving along; shifting; curraunt goute, gout that progresses from joint to joint or from one part of the body to another; (b) as noun: a current (of water, air).

43. damāǧe n.

61 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Injury, harm, or loss (to a person, his well-being, or his reputation); also, an injury or loss; don damage, to inflict injury or loss; haven damage, be harmed or hurt; lacchen, taken damage

44. dēfaut(e n.

Additional spellings: defaute
186 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Lack, insufficiency, absence; short weight [quot.: a1400]; at defaut, incomplete (as to antlers), lacking; for defaut, for lack of something; in your defaut, in your absence, because of your…

45. dēfendǒur n.

24 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A defender, protector; (b) one who rules while the monarch is under age, a regent; (c) a tutor; (d) a pleader in court, lawyer, counsel; (e) a protection, shield.

46. dēfens(e n.

Additional spellings: defense
122 quotations in 9 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Act of defending oneself (or sb. else) by fighting, defense; comen to defens, to come to someone's defense; don defens, maken defens, stonden at defens, to defend oneself; also, to fight; for (in)

47. dēfēt ppl. (& n.)

7 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Disfigured; changed in appearance; (b) overcome by hunger; (c) law null and void.

48. dēlai(e n.

Additional spellings: delaie
66 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A delay, postponement; delai of time, postponement of the day of payment; fallen in delai, to be in arrears; feinen a delai, pretend a hindrance, find a pretext for delay; upon delai, lying in…

49. dē̆partūre n.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Departure, going away; (b) a turning away, abandoning, rejection; (c) law a change of plea, change of argument.

50. dē̆pendaunce n.

6 quotations in 2 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The state of being dependent; (b) law an action or fact growing out of a legal action, consequence, result.

51. detenū(e n.

Additional spellings: detenue
8 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Law accioun (pleint) of detenu, legal action or suit for the recovery of goods wrongfully withheld.

52. dētermināciǒun n.

30 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
Usually law (a) Disposition or settlement of a suit or dispute; decision, verdict; doom, undoing; (b) power to adjudicate, jurisdiction.

53. dēterminer n.

2 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Law A plea or writ for (hearing and) adjudicating a matter in dispute; oyer and determiner.

54. dette n.

92 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Whatever one owes another in goods, money, tribute, rent, dues, or the like; a debt; paien (quiten, yelden) dette, to pay a debt; borwen dette, incur a debt; axen dette, demand payment of a debt…

55. distǒurbaunce n.

35 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Mental distress, grief; perturbation; agitation; (b) a distressing experience or situation; an upsetting incident.

56. distresse n.

86 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A circumstance that causes anxiety or hardship; danger, threat; putten in distresse, to expose (sb.) to danger or hardship; (b) a distressing situation or experience; misfortune, distress…

57. dītǒur n.

6 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) An author, writer, orator, or scribe; (b) law one who accuses another.

58. dorma(u)nt adj. & n.

Additional spellings: dormaunt
23 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Of a table: remaining in place, permanent; table dormant, bord dormant; (b) as noun: a permanent table (i.e. one not taken down after a meal has been served).

59. dūres(se n.

Additional spellings: duresse
50 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Hardness, induration; (b) fig. hard-heartedness, obduracy.

60. effect n.

115 quotations in 12 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Execution or completion (of an act); attainment or consummation (of a desire, an aim); fulfillment or realization (of a wish, a prayer, a dream); (b) comen to effect, achieve or attain to; produce…

61. emparnour n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Law?One who furnishes surety; ?surety, mainprize.

62. empēchement n.

16 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
The action of hindering or obstructing; hindrance, obstruction, impediment, obstacle.

63. enǧīn n.

73 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Innate ability or intelligence, talent; skill, ingenuity, cleverness; also, a skill or craft; (b) deceitfulness, trickery; evil intention or design; a trick, a snare, a machination; fals engin

64. entenciǒun n.

66 quotations in 7 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Purpose, intention, or design; aim or object; final entencioun, ultimate purpose or goal; (b) of entencioun, on purpose, intentionally; of on entencioun, with fixed purpose; unanimously.

65. entente n.

160 quotations in 8 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Purpose or intention; aim or object; reason (for doing something); (b) of entente, intentionally, deliberately, voluntarily; double of entente, ?shifty; (c) for, in, til, to, with (the) entente

66. entrē n.

64 quotations in 11 senses
Sense / Definition
The act or fact of entering physically; entrance; also fig.; entre and issue, coming and going.

67. equitē n.

30 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Impartiality or fairness in dealing with others; justice; (b) what is just, fair, or right.

68. errǒur n.(1)

46 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
The state of believing or practicing what is false or heretical; false opinion or belief; a false opinion, a heresy; fallen in(to) errour.

69. ēse n.

140 quotations in 10 senses
Sense / Definition
Physical comfort, comfortable circumstances, comfortable living; leisure; that which is conducive to physical comfort, health, prosperity, rest, or leisure; at (with) ese, in comfort, comfortably…

70. ēsement n.

44 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
The comforts of life, conveniences; accommodation, entertainment; shelter, lodging; food and drink, provender; at your esement, at your convenience.

71. essoine n.

27 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Law The offering of an excuse, or an excuse offered, for non-appearance in court at the appointed time, on such grounds as illness, pilgrimage, the king's service, etc.; also, delay of court…

72. examināciǒun n.

19 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
Inspection, investigation; consideration, deliberation, critical appraisal; first examination, primary concern.

73. excepciǒun n.

25 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Exception to a rule or general condition; also, an instance of it; (b) a reservation or exemption (provided in a treaty or statute); without(en excepcioun, without reservation, unreservedly…

74. felonīe n.

42 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
Treachery, betrayal; deceit, guile, craft; an act of treachery or craft.

75. figūre n.

127 quotations in 12 senses
Sense / Definition
Shape, form, appearance: (a) visible or tangible shape or form; general appearance; bodili figure, figure of this world; of the face: expression; (b) of a living being: bodily form, appearance (often…

76. fīn n.(2)

93 quotations in 11 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Ending, end, conclusion, finish; termination, completion; bringen to fine, bring to an end, complete; (b) terminus; the bottom (of a well); (c) the latter part; the part near the end or close; the…

77. fō̆rce n.

167 quotations in 13 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Physical strength; force of hond; (b) spiritual strength, courage, the cardinal virtue of fortitude.

78. fō̆rme n.

249 quotations in 17 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The physical shape of something, contour, outline; the figure or shape (of a person), body; also fig.; (b) forme and shape, shape or forme, forme and shafte, etc.

79. fǒurche n.

8 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
The fork formed by the legs and the trunk of the body, the crotch.

80. fraude n.

52 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The quality of deceitfulness, dishonesty, treachery; (b) a dishonest purpose, fraudulent intention; (c) ?a dishonest or deceitful person, a fraud; ?a dishonest act.

81. fresh-fō̆rce n.

Additional spellings: freshforce
5 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Law The offense of depriving a freeholder of his land, property, rents, etc.; illegal (usually forcible) seizure of a freehold, novel disseizin; also, the plea by which the dispossessed freeholder…

82. gardein n.

11 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) One to whom the government or protection of anything is entrusted; a guard; the chief official of a city, territory, etc.; the superior of a Franciscan convent; the head of a college; (b) law one…

83. heu(e n.(2)

Additional spellings: heue
13 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) The sound of a trumpet blast; (b) shouting; esp. war or hunting cries; outcry, clamor; also, ?a shout, ?a din of voices; heu and cri, noise and cri and heu; (c) law heu and cri, a loud outcry of…

84. hoche-pot n.

Additional spellings: hochepot
9 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Law The blending together of property belonging to different persons for equal division; (b) cook. a kind of stew; esp. one made with goose, herbs, spices, wine, and other ingredients; gos (ges)

85. hurt n.

38 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A wound, an injury; also, disease, malady; also, the loss of a member, maiming [last quot.]; (b) sorrow, vexation; lovesickness; (c) spiritual injury, injury to the soul.

86. jointūr(e n.

Additional spellings: jointure
46 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A joint between bones; either the place where bones meet or the structure holding them together; also, a suture between bones; (b) a limb or part of the body; (c) something which fastens or…

87. larcenī n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Law Larceny.

88. lā̆rǧe n.

74 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Liberality, generosity; (b) liberal bestowal of gifts; maken large, ?to bestow gifts liberally; (c) a generous person.

89. libertẹ̄ n.

100 quotations in 5 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Freedom of action, freedom to do as one chooses; opportunity; at liberte, at one's own disposal, at one's choice; also, free to act; at god liberte, uninhibitedly; (b) scope of activity…

90. liverẹ̄ n.(3)

132 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) The delivery of merchandise, money, a document, etc.; handing over; the surrender of impounded animals; (b) ?a document authorizing the release of animals; (c) the delivery of a person, setting…

91. maintenaunce n.

49 quotations in 4 senses
Sense / Definition
(a)Law Wrongful or officious interference in others' law suits, especially by a lord or his followers trading on his political influence; -- also person.; (b) ?the keeping of a number of retainers or…

92. maintenǒur n.

29 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
Law One who is guilty of maintenaunce [sense 1.].

93. malenǧīn(e n. & phr.

Additional spellings: malengine
23 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Deceit, trickery; also a treacherous scheme; (b) law withouten fraude or (other) malengin, without fraud or deception.

94. mā̆tē̆r(e n.

Additional spellings: matere
317 quotations in 12 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) Physical substance, matter; material; mater subget, the matter or substance of which a thing consists; bodilich (ertheli) mater, corporeality; ?also, element [quots.: a1393 & c1400]; (b) prime…

95. maundement n.

79 quotations in 3 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A commandment (of God, Christ, Mohammed, etc.) regulating human conduct; fixed precept or rule of conduct (contained in the law of God or a religious rule); one of the Ten Commandments; (b) coll.

96. membre n.

188 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A sex organ; sg. penis; also, foreskin [quot.: c1425]; also, vagina, vulva; pl. male or female genitalia; also, testicles; (b) manli (privi, secret, shamefast, shameful, sinful) membres; membre of

97. mēne n.(3)

209 quotations in 6 senses
Sense / Definition
(a) A course of action, method, way; a means of attaining an end; (b) bi mene of, with menes of; bi no (manere of) mene; bi al menes; bi god menes, with great skill; menes and weies; weies and menes

98. ministrǒure n.

4 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) One who administers a sacrament; (b) law an administrator.

99. mīse n.(1)

7 quotations in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
(a) Expenditure; mises and expenses (costes), expenditures and expenses (costs); (b) law a plea; joinen mise, to join the issue, when the tenant in a writ of right submits a plea contesting the plea…

100. misnoumer n.

1 quotation in 1 sense
Sense / Definition
Law A mistaken identification of an accused or convicted person; a plea based on an alleged misidentification.