Middle English Dictionary Entry

alaien v.
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Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

1.
(a) To alloy (a noble metal) with a base metal; (b) fig. to debase, contaminate.
2.
(a) To mix (things); dilute (wine, etc.); (b) cook. to add or mix in (an ingredient); ~ up, mix together, bind (ingredients); cp. allien; (c) cover (a weapon with poison).

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • ?c1500 Hrl.2252 Artist.Recipes (Hrl 2252) 77/29 : Grynde hyt with gumme waer, fyrste in a brasyn morter withowte licour, and after on thy molor with gummed water, and aleyde with a partye of blacke, and..derkyd with good okyr.
  • ?c1500 Hrl.2252 Artist.Recipes (Hrl 2252) 79/12 : To make a blewe colour. Take inde Bawdekyn and grynde hym with gumme water, and alley hyt with..blancke plome.
  • ?c1500 Hrl.2252 Artist.Recipes (Hrl 2252) 80/18,19 : Orpment gummyd water, eley hyt with chalke, and enew yt with okyr or with browne. Browne with gummyd water, elayd with chalke, hys fawce colour .ij. partys browne and the .iij.de parte whyte, and sadde hyt with the same.
  • a1500 Ashm.1393 Artist.Recipes (Ashm 1393) 161/18 : Let it seþe from a potell to halfe a quarte, and þan aleye hit with a pounde of febill glewe.
  • a1500 StJ-C.B.15 Artist.Recipes (StJ-C B.15) 216/5 : Ynde Baudyas schal be grounde on a ston with gummed water, and alayȝe with calk or ellis blank plum.
  • Note: Additional quotes, sense 2.(a). New spellings (imp.) = elei, allei, aleie & alaiȝe. And (ppl.) = aleide, elaid.