Middle English Dictionary Entry

chaier(e n.
Quotations: Show all Hide all

Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

(a) A comfortable seat, such as a chair, armchair, couch, or lounge; long ~; (b) a sedan chair or litter; (c) ~ of esement, a stool for relieving oneself; (d) ~ boue, ?the frame of a chair or couch; ~ maker.
(a) A raised seat or throne (as of a ruler or leader); (b) a raised platform, dais; (c) theol. the throne (of God); (d) fig. the bench (of infamy).
A position of authority as symbolized by the raised seat or throne occupied by the incumbent; the office (of a ruler, judge, administrator, professor, etc.); sitten in (on) the ~, occupy a (king's) throne, a (bishop's) seat, a (professor's) chair, etc.

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • (1434-5) Acc.St.Michael Oxf.in OAST 7833 : Item for i borde to the chere yn the cherche rove iii d.
  • Note: New form: Also..chere.
    Note: New subsense for sense 1.).
    Note: Gloss: "A wooden scaffold or framework upon which a church bell hangs."
    Note: From G. Storms' letter to Sherman Kuhn (11/6/75): Cp. the Dutch term "'klokkenstoel,' i.e. [the] stool or chair in which the church bell (sits or) hangs."
  • a1475 Gawain & CC (Brog 2.1)430 : Anon hit [harp] was fett into þe hall, And a feyr cher wyttall Befor her fador was sett..Furst sche harpyd and sethe songe Of love.
  • Note: New form: Also..cher.
    Note: Quot. belongs to sense 1.(a).
Note: The list of variant spellings in the form section is incomplete and needs revision to accord with standards of later volumes of the MED.--all notes per MLL