Middle English Dictionary Entry
|Forms||West-minster n. Also westminstre, westminstur, westmister, westmenster, westmenstre, westmester, westmunster, westmunstre, westmustre, westeminster, westeminstre, wesminster, (early) wæstminstre.|
|Etymology||OE West-mynster, (infl.) West-mynstre.|
Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)
(a) The area of Westminster, near the City of London, esp. as the national seat of justice and administration; also, the liberty of Westminster as an area of legal sanctuary [quot. c1400(c1378), 2nd]; ~ gate, ?the gate leading into Westminster; ~ halle, halle of (at) ~, Westminster Hall, as the judiciary and administrative center of England; also in fig. context [quot. c1400(c1378), 1st]; ~ laue, English common law; to ~ ward, toward Westminster; (b) Westminster Abbey; ~ chirche, abbeie of (chirche at) ~; (c) as surname.
- a1121 Peterb.Chron.(LdMisc 636)an.1104 : Her on þisum geare to Cristes mæssan heold se cyng Heanrig his hired æt Wæst minstre & to Eastron on Winceastre & to Pentecosten eft on Westmynstre.
- a1121 Peterb.Chron.(LdMisc 636)an.1121 : Se cyng wæs to Eastran on Beorclea, and þær æfter to Pentecosten he heold mycelne hired on West mynstre.
- c1275(?a1200) Lay.Brut (Clg A.9)15330 : Forð he gon liðe in-to Lundene and aneouste gunnen wende on-fast Westmustre and fraineden tiðinde of Edwine kinge.
- c1325(c1300) Glo.Chron.A (Clg A.11)8023 : Þe tour he made of londone, willam þe rede king, & þe muchel halle of westmunstre þat so noble is þoru alle þing.
- c1325(c1300) Glo.Chron.A (Clg A.11)8863 : In a witesonetid a gret parlement he nom At westmunstre noble inou þat muche folc to com.
- c1390 PPl.A(1) (Vrn)5.129 : My Wyf at Westmunstre…Wollene cloþ made.
- c1400(a1376) PPl.A(1) (Trin-C R.3.14)2.125 : Fals…let somoune alle þe segges abouten in shires…To wende wiþ hem to westmynstre [vrr. westmunster, westmenstre, westmester; C: westemynstre] to wytnesse þe dede.
- c1400(c1378) PPl.B (LdMisc 581)20.132 : Symonye…bar adown…Moche of þe witte and wisdome of westmynster halle.
- c1400(c1378) PPl.B (LdMisc 581)20.282 : Her parisshiens…fleen to þe freres, as fals folke to westmynstre, That borweth and bereth it þider, and þanne biddeth frendes Ʒerne of forʒifnesse…Ac…he wil…make hym merye with other mennes goodis.
- c1400(?a1387) PPl.C (Hnt HM 137)11.239 : The sone fore syres synne sholde nat be þe werse; West-mynster [vr. Westmenster] lawe…worcheþ þe contrarie; For…The heritage þat þe air sholde haue ys at þe kynges wille.
- (a1464) Capgr.Chron.(Cmb Gg.4.12)103/27 : Ancelme…fro þe tyme þat he was bischop myte he neuyr hold no sene, ne vse no correccioun, for þe kyng reised so many tributes to make þe wallis of þe Tour of London and þe grete Halle at Westminster.
- (a1464) Capgr.Chron.(Cmb Gg.4.12)176/31 : In þe xliii ʒere þe kyng held a parlement at Wesminster, wher was purposed what is best to doo ageyn þe rebellion of Frauns.
- (1472-3) Doc.in Welch Hist.Pewterers Lond.35 : Item, paide for botehire to westmynstre warde and homeward with the Shrifes, xxj d.
- (1472-3) Doc.in Welch Hist.Pewterers Lond.35 : Item, paide for botehire whan the maire went to westmyster and to londonwarde ayen, ij s. vij d.
- a1605(?a1500) Lond.Lickpenny (Hrl 542)3 : Fast to westminstar ward I went.
- a1605(?a1500) Lond.Lickpenny (Hrl 542)41 : In westminster hall I found one went in a longe gowne of Ray.
- a1605(?a1500) Lond.Lickpenny (Hrl 542)57 : Then to westminster gate I went when the sone was at highe prime.
- c1325(c1300) Glo.Chron.A (Clg A.11)6657 : He was king bote four ʒer & six monþes vnneþe Ar he lay at oxenford & drou toward þe deþe & deide þer in pine inou, & suþþe is bodi me ber To þe abbei of westmunstre & burede it uaire þer.
- c1330 SMChron.(Auch:Zettl)1138 : Seberd þe king…Of bischop Milit Cristendom he nam & Westminster first he bigan Jn þe honouraunce of Ihesu & of Marie & Peter & Paule vnder her baylie; To bischop Milite he sent swiþe He schuld com & halwe it bliue.
- c1330 SMChron.(Auch:Zettl)1210 : Þe saumoun þat liþe here, To bischop Milit þou it bere, & say þarf him nouʒt hasty Westeminster chirche to halwey.
- a1400 SMChron.(Add 19677)857 : After hym regned Edward Knoudes sone bastard; He regned four & tuenti ʒer & is ischryned at Westmyster.
- a1450(c1405) Purvey Determ.(Trin-C B.14.50)178/292 : Þe bischope of Caunturbiri…seide a sermon in Westminster.
- (a1464) Capgr.Chron.(Cmb Gg.4.12)118/3 : In his [Henry’s] iiii ʒere was þe new cherch at Westminster begunne.
- (1299-1300) Court R.Lond.62 : William de Westminstre.