Middle English Dictionary Entry

binimen v.
Quotations: Show all Hide all

Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

Note: Cp. nimen.
1.
To take away (property, a right, etc.); do away with, destroy (virtue, etc.); remove (sins, illness, etc.); ~ breth, take away (one's) breath.
2.
To deprive or despoil (sb.); ~ at live, put to death; -- with gen. of the thing or from phrase.
3a.
To take (sth.) away (from sb.); ruin (one's reputation); do away (one's guilt); ~ heved, behead; ~ hond, cut off (someone's) hand; ~ speche, take away the ability to speak; etc.; -- (a) with personal obj.; (b) with prep. phrase.
3b.
Of parts of the body or sensation: ben binome(n, be deprived of movement or sensation; paralyzed, numbed; fallen binome(n, become paralyzed or numb.
4.
(a) To take (sth. to a place, or from sth.); (b) to take hold of, seize (sth., sb.); (c) ~ wreche, to take revenge; ~ with noi, beset by trouble; ~ with wordes, persuade, win over.

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • c1400 St.Anne(1) (Min-U Z.822.N.81)1031 : Hyr hend, hyr armes war all benomen.
  • Note: New spelling
    Note: Sense 3b.--per SMK
  • c1300 SLeg.Patr.(LdMisc 108)488-9 : Ase þe sonne bi-nimez þe liʒt of Candle a-boute Midday, Also it bi-nam þe sonne hure leom him þouʒte, ase he þare i-saiʒ.
  • Note: binimen is used here in a somewhat different sense than those given in the MED, binimen v.; it seems closest to 1.--per MP

Supplemental Materials (draft)

Note: Newly suggested ETYM: [OE beniman, bi-, beneoman (p. sg. -nam, -nom; pl. -nāmon, -nōman; ppl. -numen) & benæman, -næmde.]
Note: Omit rest of existing ETYM. ME benēm- could be from -neoman.