Middle English Dictionary Entry

Sprūce n.
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Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

(a) Prussia; ~ lond; de ~, from Prussia; (b) in cpds. & combs. indicating that something originated in or was associated with Prussia: Prussian; ~ fish, ~ iren, ~ lether, ~ plate, ~ sheld, ~ wax; -- also with inverted word order with L noun [quot.: 1423];(c) ?a Prussian; -- in surname only.
(a) Spruce wood; de ~, made of spruce wood; (b) in cpds. & combs.: made of or from spruce wood [a few quots. may belong to 1.(b)]; ~ asshen, ~ bord, ~ cheste, ~ cofre, ~ forcer; ~ keie, ?a projecting ornamental boss made of spruce wood; (c) a spruce chest.

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • a1500 Ashm.750 Artist.Recipes (Ashm 750) 258/7 : Tak boyl Armoniak, and half as myche of Spruce ocor, and a litil quantite of whyte coperose, and grynd al those wel with þe forsayde oyle, and temper it vp with þe forsayd siz.
  • a1500 Sln.7 Artist.Recipes (Sln 7) 303/31 : To make hartes lethyr or bucke..after þe maner of Spruce lether, do as jt beforeseyd of þe gele skyne, but j [read: jt] muste haue mych more of the lyme and more of all thyngis cawce of þe grettnesse and of thyckenesse.
  • a1500 Sln.962 Artist.Recipes (Sln 962) 305/13 : Forto make Sprews, take saffron and stampe it wel, and wete þe leþer þerin, and dri it vp with flour.
  • Note: Glossary: "Spruce, Sprews adj. 'dark yellow (the colour of 'Spruce' [Pressian] ochre)'."
    Note: New sense, new cpd.: ~ oker.