Middle English Dictionary Entry

shāken v.
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Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

(a) To go, hurry, run; ride; flee, depart; go by ship, sail; also, of a bird: fly [quot.: c1300 SLeg.]; ~ awei-ward, ride off, leave; ~ forth, set out; ~ in-to (to) ship, go to a ship, board a ship; ~ togeder, come together, rush together; ben shaken, have gone; (b) ~ in-to a sadel, to mount a horse; ~ oute of sadel, fall off a horse; (c) ~ forth, of water: to flow.
(a) Of a person, a part of the body: to shake, tremble, esp. from physical infirmity, fever, etc.; shiver with cold; shudder with pain; of the eyes: shift, dart back and forth; of the heart: palpitate from illness; ~ asonder, fall apart from shaking; ppl. shakinge as adj.: trembling, quivering; (b) of a person, a part of the body: to tremble or quake from emotion, anger, fear, eagerness, etc.; of the heart: palpitate from fear; also, fig. waver, give in to temptation [quot.: 1340]; ech bon shaketh me, each bone of mine shakes; (c) of fever, lovesickness, etc.: to cause (sb.) to tremble or shiver; (d) ppl. shaken as adj., of laughter: convulsive, uncontrolled.
(a) Of a tree, leaf, etc.: to tremble, stir; sway, move about; of a spear: quiver, move about; clash; also, split apart [last quot.]; ~ in sonder, break into pieces; ppl. shaken, of the sun: shimmering; (b) of the wind, a tempest: to cause (a leaf, tree, etc.) to tremble or sway; cause (a banner) to flutter; cause (a beard) to quiver; (c) of a tree, forest: to cause (its leaves) to tremble, shake.
(a) Of the earth, a building, etc.: to quake, tremble; don ~, cause (the earth) to quake; ppl. shakinge, trembling; (b) to cause (the earth, a building, etc.) to quake or tremble; move (a pillar, post, etc.) back and forth; ~ doun, cause (a house) to fall down; ~ togeder; (c) ?to take down (a tent), break (camp).
(a) To move the body or part of it; of animals: shake the body; of a bird: stir, flutter; of a statue: move or quiver; of the Host: move rapidly back and forth; refl. shake oneself, bestir oneself; (b) to shake (a part of one's own body); cause (one's own limbs) to tremble; of a bird: beat (its wings); ~ berd (chin), express anger or disapproval by shaking the head; ~ berd on, ~ chin upon, make threatening gestures at (sb.); ~ hed, express anger, sorrow, gratitude, disapproval, etc. by shaking the head; also, give a gesture of authority; ~ hed on (upon), express anger, sorrow, or disapproval by shaking the head at or on account of (sb.); ~ oute; ppl. shaken, of hair: disheveled.
(a) To rid oneself of (sth.) by shaking; also, delegate (a responsibility); ~ adoun (doun), dislodge (sb.) by shaking; ~ awei, fig. get rid of (sloth, sin); ~ of, shake (sth.) off; deflect (projectiles) from city walls; protect oneself from (a time of famine); also fig.; ~ shakinge, ?attempt to get rid of something; (b) to rid household items of dirt, dust, etc. by shaking; clean (household items) by shaking; remove crumbs by shaking (the garment covering the lap); (c) ~ oute, to empty (a container); empty (sth.) from its container; dislodge (sb. or sth.) from something, shake out; recover (stolen goods); shake off (a yoke) from the neck; shake (dust) from household items; also fig.; also, refl. shake oneself free; ~ oute hondes from yiftes, reject bribes; ~ oute of (from); ben shaken oute of, shake (oneself) from (the dust), shake off (dust); (d) ~ of, fig. to purge (sth.) from (oneself), get rid of; also, drive away (sleep) from (oneself); (e) ppl. shakinge, med. ?purging, relieving; ?error for swaginge, ppl. of swagen v.(1).
(a) To seize and shake (sb., a part of another person's body); grapple with (sb.); throw (sb.) down, pull down; also fig.; ~ berd, shake a person by his beard; also, overpower a person [quot.: c1330]; ~ bi the berd, shake (sb., an animal) by the hair on the chin; also, overcome (sb.) in battle [quot.: Minot]; ~ bi the biles, grasp (an argument), comprehend; ~ doun (oute), defeat (sb., an army, etc.), destroy; ~ hogge, ?boast, puff oneself up; ~ in shakel, shackle (sb.); -- used fig.; ~ in-to feteres, throw (sb.) into fetters, shackle; (b) fig. to frighten (sb.); disturb (sb.), trouble; ben shaken with, be dominated by (sth.); ppl. shakinge as adj.: frightening; shaken to, ?attracted to (God), roused with love for; ?attractive to (God); (c) to seize (a purse), steal; ~ awei, carry off (sth.); ~ oute of, rob (sb.) of (goods); strip (sb.) of (clothes); also, fig. persuade (sb.) to abandon (a monk's habit); (d) to drive (animals); (e) to carry (sb.).
(a) To brandish (a spear, sword, etc.); wield (a weapon); ~ bost, boast, speak arrogantly; ~ hauberk, make war; ~ oute of shethe, unsheath (a sword); with shaftes for to ~, with brandished spears; shaking word, fig. a word or words assaulting the soul, words suggestive to sin; (b) to make (a coin, helmet, an article of clothing, etc.) vibrate, shake; also, batter (a crown); also, ?move (a horn) back and forth; ~ a ring, knock on a door; ~ up, rattle (chains).
(a) Of seeds, fruit: to fall from a plant, scatter; (b) to shake (a tree, branch) so that flowers or children fall out; ~ doun, shake (fruit) from branches; also, force (a flower) through a sieve; ~ oute, shake (fruit) out of trees; (c) ~ oute, to thresh (grain, vetch).
(a) To shake (a wine mixture, ingredients in wine); -- also without obj.; stir (a fluid), beat (a medicinal preparation); shaken togeder, mixed; -- used fig.; (b) to pour (wine); ~ oute, pour (wine) out, draw off.