Middle English Dictionary Entry

self adj., n., & pron.
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Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

(a) Intensifying a previous noun or pron.: himself, itself, etc.; -- postpositive with noun but separated from the pron. it modifies; (b) god (crist, oure lord, etc.) ~, god al-mighti ~; (c) ich ~, thou ~, he ~, heo ~ (1), hit ~, we ~, ye ~, heo ~ (2), the ~, hire ~, unk ~, us ~, ink ~, you ~, hem ~, theim ~, q.v.; me ~, him ~, hine ~ [see also me-self pron., him-self pron., hine-self pron.].
Intensifying a following noun: (a) with the or this: the very; the ~ fader, this ~ dai, etc., the father himself, the day itself, etc; (b) without def.art. or dem.adj.: the very; ~ devel, ~ wommen, the devil himself, women themselves, etc.; on ~ dai, a single day.
Own; -- with pers.pron. in gen. case.
Referring to a person or thing previously mentioned: same, aforementioned; (a) with the; (b) with this, that; (c) without def.art. or dem.adj.
Pointing to a following explanatory clause: this, that, these, those; -- sometimes merely an intensifier without special meaning; the (that, these) ~.
In phrases: (a) in the ~ manere, in (of, on) the ~ wise, in this ~ wise, on ~ manere, etc., in the manner previously or subsequently described; (b) ~ the ilke, thilke (the ilke) ~, the ~ same, the same ~, the same and the ~, the ~ and the same, etc., the very same (person or thing); (c) the ~ dai, ?a day on which a guild holds one of its regular meetings; ?the feast day of the previously specified patron saint of the guild (? = 4.(a) & cp. seint(e adj. 3.(a)).
Adj. as noun: (a) the same person or thing as that previously or subsequently specified; (b) the ilke ~, the same ~, the ~ and the same, etc., the very same person or thing.
As noun or pron.: (a) cristes (godes, the rinkes, etc.) ~, Christ (God, the knight, etc.) himself; (b) min (thin, his, hire, oure) ouen ~, constituting an indep. or a refl.pron.: me myself, you yourself; myself, yourself, himself, herself, ourselves; -- also used appositively; him ouen ~, himself; his holi ~, his own holy person or body; mi ~, thi ~, his ~, oure ~, your ~, theire ~, q.v.; (c) as an indep. or a refl.pron.: me myself, himself, oneself, etc.; (d) the (this) ~, having reference to the subject of a clause: myself, itself, etc.; (e) bi (the) ~, by itself (herself), individually, separately; also, by its own power or action [quot.: Mandev.(3), 1st]; (f) in (of) the ~, in ~, in itself (themselves), intrinsically; also, in the strict meaning of the word [quot.: 1451].

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • a1475 Sidrak & B.(Lnsd 793)2998 : After him his ministres twelue Shullen comaunde þe peple þe-selue.
  • Note: Was in theim-self 1.(a) but prob. = self 5.(d).