Middle English Dictionary Entry
|Forms||respǒund(e n. Also respond(e, respoun(e, respon, respun; pl. respounds, etc. & respon(n)es.|
|Etymology||From respǒunden v. and AF respunt (oblique) respon, vars. of OF respons; cp. OF respondance & responds, var. of respons.|
Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)
- a1450 Yk.Pl.(Add 35290)316/289 : No lenger þou abide, For if þou do, all þi respouns sare schall þe rewe.
- (a1387) Trev.Higd.(StJ-C H.1)7.39 : Amonge his oþere noble workes he made in preysinge of oure lady þe respondes [Higd.(2): responsoryes; L responsoria] 'Stirps Iesse' and 'Solem iusticie'.
- a1425 Ben.Rule(1) (Lnsd 378)16/6-7 : Þan sal alle site, And nym þre lescuns..& by-tuixe þe lescuns þre respuns, and eftir þe þridde respun þe vers wid þe gloria patri.
- ?a1425 GGuy(1) (RwlPoet 175)1143 : Ilk a saule þat suffers pyne..Þir lessons sall to welth him wyn, And þe neghen respons for to rede Sall mak him tyll haue mykell mede.
- (1440) PParv.(Hrl 221)431 : Respowne [Win: Respown; KC: respounde]: Responsorium.
- c1450 Page SRouen (Glb E.8)422/16 : His chapell mette hym at the dore..and went before hym alle in fere, and songe a responde full glorious, 'Quis est magnus dominus.'
- (a1460) Bokenham Sts. (Adv Abbotsford B3)68.333 (v.2:p.25) : Songe and seruise in the chirch of Melan .. Ambrose bigan, both respounes, antimes, and ympnes.
- (a1464) Capgr.Chron.(Cmb Gg.4.12)121 : In this tyme lyved Fulbert, bischop of Carnotensis, that mad thoo Respones of oure Lady, 'Stirps Jesse' et 'Solem Justicie'.
- (1466) Rec.St.Stephen in Archaeol.5045 : j of the antymys of þe cros and oure lady and the responnys of the trinite.
- ?c1475 *Cath.Angl.(Add 15562)103b : A Respond: Responsorium.
- a1500 Rule Minoresses (Bod 585)114/11 : Of a fest..whoche is seruid on þe monday, at euynsonge of þe sonday þey schul make memorie þer of..ȝif it be nat a fest of apostle..or anoþer fest whoche haþ propre Respons.
- c1600(?c1395) PPl.Creed (Trin-C R.3.15)377 : A ribaut of hem þat can nouȝt wel reden His rewle ne his respondes but be pure rote, Als he were a connynge Clerke he hasteþ [read: casteþ] þe lawes.
- (1434) Indent.Fotheringhay in Med.Mason246 : The cler-story..shal be made of clene asheler growndid upon ten mighty pillars, with four respounds; that ys to say, two above joyning to the qwere and two benethe joyning to the end of the sayd bodye; And to the two respownds of the sayd qwere shall be two perpeyn-walls joyning of free-stone, clene wroght.
- (1448) in Willis & C.Cambridge 1354 : The same Quere shal conteyne in brede from side to side within the respondes xxxij fete.
- (1448) in Willis & C.Cambridge 1355 : The body of the same chirch betweene the yles shal conteyne in brede within the respondes xxxij fete, and..the yle oon the either side of the body of the chirch shal conteyne in brede fro respond to respond xv fete.