Middle English Dictionary Entry

ouen adj.
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Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

1.
(a) Their, his, or its own; the ~, its own; (b) proper; ~ propre; (c) him ~ self, himself.
2a.
Emphatic uses: after a possessive noun or pronoun: (a) modifying a noun which denotes something in one's possession or charge, under one's control or jurisdiction, on one's body, etc.: own; hire ~ bondes, shackles on her body; here ~ propre godes, their very own property; his ~ castel, cristes ~ chirche, his ~ hous, his ~ minster, etc.; (b) modifying a noun which denotes a person's country or language, a place or position occupied by somebody or something, a way traveled by a person: own, native, proper; in ~ present, in (thy) presence; min ~ contree, thin ~ leden, his ~ speche, here ~ stede, etc.; (c) modifying a noun which denotes one's body, bodily parts, physical attributes, the properties or components of something: own; here ~ blod, his ~ face, min ~ flesh, here ~ weght, etc.; in his heringe (sight), in his presence; (d) mid ~ finger(es, in (mid, of, with) ~ honde, mid (with) ~ hondes, by (one's) own hand(s, personally; with (bi) godes ~ honde, with godes ~ finger, by God Himself; werk of thin ~ hende, a work of thine own creation; godes ~ mouth, the mouth of God; thin (your) ~ mouth, your own mouth, your own words; bi his (thin) ~ mouth, mid his ~ mouth, with his (thine) own words; (e) in adverbial phrases: his ~ bodi, by himself [see also bodi 7a. (b)]; his ~ honde(s, with his own hand(s, personally; his ~ mouth, in his own words, in person.
2b.
Emphatic uses: after a possessive noun or pronoun: (a) modifying a noun or gerund which denotes one's life, soul, nature, being, a thing's nature, etc.: own; mannes ~ herte, his ~ image, his (min) ~ liknesse, godes ~ kinde, your ~ soule, etc.; min (thin) ~ bodi (self), myself (thyself); your ~ self, you yourself; with oure ~ self, by ourselves; (b) upon his (here) ~ hed, upon himself (themselves); on their ~ coroune, upon themselves; cristes ~ persoune, Christ himself; his ~ propre persoune, himself; thin (your) ~ persoune, thyself (yourself), thee (you); in here (hire, min) ~ persoune, in oure ~ propre persoune, in person, personally; (c) modifying a noun which denotes an attribute, a quality, condition, feeling, manner, etc.: own, characteristic; peculiar; ~ propre; his ~ godnesse (quednesse, vertu), here ~ holinesse, godes ~ wisdom, etc.; (d) modifying a noun which denotes will, desire, thought, choice, etc.; own, personal; ~ propre; his ~ desir (thought, wit), etc.; (e) godes ~ privete, God's own secret; after (of, on) ~ hed, on (one's) own initiative, on (one's) own [see also hed n.(1) 3. (b)]; in here (thin) ~ sight, in their (thine) own opinion; his (thines) ouenes thankes, of his (thy) own good will, with good will; here ~ thinges wilfulli, of their own free will, willingly; (f) modifying a noun which denotes something attached, related, or pertaining to a person, thing, subject, or deity: own; ~ propre; godes ~ dai (fest), cristes ~ night, his ~ part (sake), etc.; his ~ toname, his own nickname; on here ~ half, on their own behalf.
2c.
Emphatic uses: after a possessive noun or pronoun: (a) modifying a noun or gerund which denotes an action, endeavors, etc., performed, committed, or engaged in: own; your ~ coming, his ~ dede, his ~ sinne, their ~ werkes, etc.; (b) modifying a noun or gerund which denotes words, counsel, teachings, laws, etc., emanating or originating from a person, God, or Christ: own, particular; your ~ counseil, cristes (godes) ~ heste; min ~ red, his ~ wordes, etc.; (c) modifying a noun or gerund which denotes power, control, use, etc., exercised (or possession held) by a person: own, personal; in thin ~ weld, in thine own possession; on (in, after) his ~ honde, under his own control; at min ~ ledinge (weld), under my own control; on his ~ aughte, to (into) his ~ honde, into his own possession, under his own control; to his (their) ~ use, for his (their) own use; etc.; (d) modifying a noun or gerund which denotes something endured or borne by a person; his (here) ~ (cost), his ~ deth, thin ~ shame, etc.; (e) modifying a noun or gerund denoting something to be gained by, or owing to, someone; or denoting that which is suitable for something.
3.
Emphatic uses: after a possessive noun or pronoun: (a) modifying a noun which denotes somebody related by blood, marriage, kinship: own; ~ propre; his ~ child, godes ~ sone, here ~ weres, min ~ wif, etc.; (b) of animals and plants: his ~ sed, its own seed; his ~ whelp, his own young; (c) modifying a noun which denotes a person related by friendship, fellowship, nationality, love, enmity, etc.: own; his ~ bane, his own killer; hire ~ delice, hire ~ fo, the kinges ~ frend, thin ~ peple, etc.; (d) modifying a noun which denotes a person related by feudal, military, ecclesiastical, spiritual, religious ties, and the like: own; ~ propre; min ~ disciples, thin ~ folk, thin ~ god, min ~ lord, his ~ rinkes, etc.; (e) ben min ~ man (womman), to be on one's own, be independent, be master of oneself; (f) thin (godes) ~ hondwerk, thine (God's) own creation; (g) in terms of endearment, affection, or respect for a person or animal: min ~ dere brother, min ~ dere dereling, min ~ herte (swete herte), etc.
4a.
Absolute uses: with a possessive noun or pronoun: (a) (someone's) possessions, country, land, etc.; (someone's) due or share of something; dien on oure ~, to die on our own land or battle position; kepen (maintenen) here ~, hold their own; liven on (upon) ~, live on (one's) own resources; (b) in predicate constructions: ben ~, of lands, manors, animals, etc.: to be in (somebody's) control or possession; of a war: be in (somebody's favor) [quot.: Destr.Troy]; of times: be at (one's) own disposal; be dedicated to (the Virgin Mary); (c) (a person's) story or tale; (somebody's) own life, nature, duty, desire, etc.; in his ~, in himself; kepen (saven) his ~, to preserve himself; (d) in predicate constructions: ben ~, of interests, honor: to be entirely (his, their, etc.) own; of blame, fault: be attributed to (him, me).
4b.
Absolute uses: with a possessive pronoun: (a) (one's) own wife, offspring, beloved, fellow men, etc.; of a hen: (her) own eggs; (b) (one's) own subjects, followers, servant(s, adherents, etc.; (c) in predicate construction: ben ~, to be pledged or betrothed to (sb.); be (one's) followers; of children, young birds: be (her, thine) own; of the Virgin Mary: be (his) own mother; of hearts: be faithful or loyal to (thee or him); ben your ~, belong to yourselves, be independent [quot.: (c1384)]; be your servant(s [quots.: c1400, a1425].
4c.
Absolute uses: in prepositional phrases with a possessive noun or pronoun: (a) in his ~, in his own right; (b) of ~, in (one's) possession; proper to (oneself); inherent in (a star's) physical nature; (c) of ~, related to (him); in (thy) service.
4d.
Absolute uses: (a) with a possessive pronoun in elliptical constructions referring to an antecedent noun or one in the immediate context; his ~, his own, etc.; (b) without possessive pronoun: one's own.
5.
In proverbs and sayings; ben ~ mokked, to be mocked himself.