Middle English Dictionary Entry

astǒned, astǒuned ppl.
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Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

Note: Cp. astonen.
Of persons: stupified, stunned; insensate, unconscious.
Upset, bewildered, dumfounded; perplexed, embarrassed; for ~, for being bewildered, in bewilderment.
Overcome with surprise or wonder; surprised, amazed, astonished; wondering [quot. 1438].
(a) Of the senses, mental faculties, parts of the body, etc.: dulled, benumbed, deadened; phlegmatic (temperament), dull; dazed (by light); (b) of good deeds: tarnished.

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • ?c1400(1379) Daniel *Treat.Uroscopy (Roy 17.D.1)f.27va (2.2) : When signes & tokenes of warsshing apere in eny of þe forsaide wickede daies and warsshyng come noȝt þerwiþ, wete wel þat kynde is al fortrauailede and astonyede and dismaiede, þorȝ violence and strengh ouergoand and maistriand þe kinde.
  • ?c1400(1379) Daniel *Treat.Uroscopy (Roy 17.D.1)f.37ra (2.3) : By cause of hete and dryhed þat þe spirituales han þorgh vexacioun of vnkynde hete..þo membres and partyes þat be annex to hem, i. nygh hem, ar smyten and astonyede and distemperede.
  • Note: Additional quots., sense 4.(a). Editor's gloss: 'dulled, numbed'.
  • ?c1400(1379) Daniel *Treat.Uroscopy (Roy 17.D.1)f.77rb (2.13) : Vryn inopos or kyanos, more dresty & droubly in þe botume þan elleswhere, seiþ brusting or brusshing or elles stonying of som veyne, or þat kiles or som braunche of hem is astonyed or mystrauailede.
  • ?c1400(1379) Daniel *Treat.Uroscopy (Roy 17.D.1)f.77va (2.13) : If eny oþer veyn or braunche in þe body be broston or bresede or astonyede, he feliþ grete peyne þeraboute.
Note: ?New sense. Eds. Harvey and Tavormina suggest 'bruised, crushed' for 'astonyede' here. ?Cf. MED astonen v., sense 3.