Middle English Dictionary Entry

arīsen v.
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Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

Note: Cp. risen.
1.
(a) To stand up; to get up from a sitting, kneeling, or reclining position; to rise (from prayer), get up (from the table), etc.; ~ ayeines, to rise to greet (sb.); -- often with up; also refl.; (b) to rise from sleep, get out of bed; ?also, to awaken (sb.), arouse from sleep; (c) to return from the grave; rise from the dead; ~ of (from) deth; of a devil: to rise up (in a dead body), go about as a zombi.
2.
Of a siege: to be raised or given up.
3.
Of grass, etc.: to straighten up, become erect; of hair: to stand on end.
4.
(a) To move upwards, rise from the ground, rise into the air, ascend a slope; ?also, to raise (a banner); (b) of the sun, a sign of the zodiac, the dawn, etc.: to appear above the horizon, rise.
5.
To get out of a ditch, etc.; to climb out of a pit; emerge (from water); fig. arise from sin, ill-fortune, etc.; -- often with of or out of.
6.
(a) Of bodies of water: to rise, overflow; of the tide: to flow; (b) of dough, etc.: to swell up, rise; of liquids: to boil up, boil over; (c) of parts of the body: to increase in size, swell up.
7.
Of the heart, the flesh: to rise or swell with emotion or passion; be stirred up or excited; of the conscience: be stirred up.
8.
To extend upward, rise from a base or from the ground; also fig.
9.
Of persons: to rise in hostility, make war, rebel; also fig.; -- also trans., to make (sb.) rebel; ~ ayein(es, to fight against (sb.), rebel against, attack, begin to attack; ~ upon, to attack (sb.), fall upon; ~ with, to strive against [quot. a1200].
10.
(a) To become strong or powerful; thrive, flourish, prosper;rise to power, advance (in honor, in prosperity); recover from disaster; of torture: be intense or terrible; (b) to become better, greater, stronger, more intense, more heinous; (c) to increase (sth.) in amount, raise.
11.
(a) Of things: to appear, occur; ~ eft, return or recur; of acts or conditions: come to pass, happen, begin; it mai not ~, it may not happen, it cannot be; (b) of things: to have a source or origin; ~ in (of), spring from (sth.), originate in, be derived or obtained from; of numbers: to be obtained (by an arith. process); of persons: to be descended (from a family); (c) of a storm or wind: to spring up, blow up, commence; (d) of a song, voice, noise, an outcry, etc.: to be heard, become loud; of fame or report: to be heard, be spread abroad.

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • c1350 Apoc.(1) in LuSE 29 (Hrl 874)p.133 : Antecrist & his prophetes..shullen maken hem to arisen aʒeins god & holy chirche.
  • Note: Additional quote(s)
  • c1350 Apoc.(1) in LuSE 29 (Hrl 874)p.172 : Þe first resureccioun is of þe soule þat arist [vr. Aryseþ] out of dedly synne þorouʒ þe grace of god.
  • Note: Need date in 5.
    Note: vr. from Roy