Middle English Dictionary Entry

hē̆vīnes(se n.
Quotations: Show all Hide all

Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

1a.
(a) Physical heaviness, weight; (b) abundance; (c) weight or force of impact.
1b.
Of smell: oppressiveness, rankness; of voice: depth, fullness; of cold: severity, extremity.
2a.
(a) Onerousness or grievousness of situation or circumstance; (b) a grievance or misfortune; don ~, to inflict a grievance; (c) inclement weather.
2b.
(a) Burdensomeness or oppressiveness of the flesh, sin, disease, etc.; (b) weightiness of an enterprise.
3.
(a) Sluggishness of movement or process; (b) dullness of feeling or response in the body or its parts, lack of normal sensation, lack of spirit or wit, numbness; (c) drowsiness, somnolence; (d) the vice of sloth or one of its forms, indolence, idleness.
4.
(a) Sorrow, grief, woe, dejection; maken ~, to show grief; taken ~, feel sorrow; (b) a source of sorrow.
5a.
(a) Displeasure, annoyance, vexation; rancor, hostility; (b) a matter of variance between persons; at ~, at variance; (c) a source of annoyance.
5b.
?Perplexity, anxiety, uneasiness.

Supplemental Materials (draft)

Note: Med., etc., see further J.Norri, Dictionary of Medical Vocabulary, s.v. heaviness.