Middle English Dictionary Entry

hēven v.
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Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

1.
(a) To raise (an object, a body, the hands, etc.) upright or to a higher position; lift up, hoist; ~ on rode, crucify; (b) ~ up, to lift up (sb. or sth.); [cp. up ~]; (c) to raise (sb., the soul) to heaven, place in heaven; ~ up; (d) to raise (sb., oneself) upon a horse, mount; ~ up; ~ adoun, lift (sb.) down.
1b.
(a) To raise (one's eyes); ~ (up) eien, look up; (b) to make (the hair) bristle; (c) to make (bread, etc.) rise; (d) of a plant: to grow.
1c.
(a) To lift (a child from the baptismal font), stand sponsor to (a child) at the font; (b) to baptize (sb.); ~ of, raise (sb.) from (the baptismal water); (c) to present (oneself) for confirmation.
2.
(a) To exalt (sb., oneself, one's heart, thought, etc.) spiritually; ~ up; (b) to rouse (sb., the heart) to pride or arrogance; ~ up; (c) to agitate (sb.) with vexation; also, be agitated or vexed; ~ to, be vexed or angered at (sb.); (d) ~ up herte, to pluck up (one's) courage, uplift (one's) spirits; (e) of the heart: to be uplifted.
3.
(a) To elevate or advance (sb. in rank, office, or prosperity); exalt (oneself); ~ (up) to king, invest (sb.) with kingship, make (sb.) king; (b) to exalt (the body, true faith); (c) to extol (sb. or sth.); (d) ~ up, to set up (laws), institute; raise (an army), levy; of heat: increase.
4.
To raise (a shout, one's voice); raise (words) in praise; heave (a sigh); ~ up.
5.
(a) To lift and convey (sth.); transfer (persons); ~ out, cast out (sin); (b) to shift (from one place) to another; (c) ~ with stones, to cast or hurl stones.
6.
(a) To make an effort to raise or lift something, heave; under ~, q.v.; (b) to strive, labor.

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • a1325(c1250) Gen.& Ex.(Corp-C 444)3581 : So wurð he wroð, o mode sarp, His tables broken dun he is warp, And dede ðat calf melten in fir, And stired it al to dust sir, And mengde in water and forð it of, And gaf ðat folc drinken ðat drof.
  • Note: NF
    Note: [note p. 204 'a Norman spelling, with loss of h-, for hōf, the pret. of heven.']
    Note: [v. pret. 3 sg. hove, heaved; forð ~ drew off, ladled off]
    Note: [OE hebban, hof]

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • c1475(c1450)?Scrope Mirror World (Bod 283) 5216 : This synne heyueth or loweth after that the kyn is nere or ferre
  • c1475(c1450)?Scrope Mirror World (Bod 283) 5229 : This syn hyueth and loweth after the persones be that doothe it and after the hyenes that theye be of and the digniteis that theye haue.
Note: Ed.: "'heyueth' and 'hyueth' mean 'is more heinous,' a sense unrecorded by MED."
Note: New sense.
Note: ?This word