Middle English Dictionary Entry

foryē̆ten v.
Quotations: Show all Hide all

Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

1.
(a) To fail to remember (an action, emotion, idea), to forget or disregard (a condition, fact, quality, duty, promise); (b) to overlook, mislay, or leave behind (a material object); (c) with inf.: to neglect (to do something); (d) with object clause; (e) without obj.: to lack or lose memory, to be forgetful or heedless; (f) ~ of, to forget about (something);--also with nought, which may be read as either adverb or noun; (g) in proverbs.
2.
(a) To forget about (someone); to neglect or disregard (someone); to overlook (a person deserving of reward or punishment); (b) refl. to ignore or neglect one's own rights or welfare; to lack awareness or consciousness; to be stunned.
3.
(a) To omit (something), to leave out (a detail in an explanation, an incident in a story, part of an operation or calculation, etc.); (b) ppl. foryeten oblacioun, ~ offering, an omitted gift, failure to give to the church; ~ tend, ~ tithe, an unpaid tithe.
4.
(a) To be oblivious to (the world, pleasure), to lose interest in (something); (b) to give up or forsake (a habit, a custom, a virtue); (c) to give up or lose (a natural quality or attribute), to lose (one's wits or mind).
5.
To overlook or forgive (an injury), to be forgiving; ~ and foryeven, etc.

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • a1475 Gawain & CC (Brog 2.1)429 : Then seyde þe carle to þat bryʒt of ble, 'Uher ys þi harpe þou schuldist have broʒt wytt þe, Uhy hast þou hit forgette?'
  • Note: Need date in most senses

Supplemental Materials (draft)

Note: Kane and Donaldson (PPl.B p. 111, note 21, referencing PPl.B 11.60) "cannot accept MED's classification" of the PPl. quot. taken here under sense 4.(c), and prefer to emend the B text, and by implication the C text, to foryede, p. tense of forgon. However, Russell and Kane in the Athlone C text reject this emendation, as does Schmidt in his parallel-text edition, provisionally accepting the MED interpretation, with qualifications. See Schmidt's note, vol. 2.1, page 398.