Middle English Dictionary Entry
|Forms||fantasīe n. Also fantesie, fan(t)sy.|
|Etymology||OF phantasie, L phantasia, from Gr.|
Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)
- (a1387) Trev.Higd.(StJ-C H.1)2.427 : Whan þe wittes of þe body beeþ absent and isette [read: i-lette] of here worchynge, and þe ymage in liknesse þat is in þouʒt and in fantasie is, as it were, i-peynted in þe liknesse of som beest.
- (a1393) Gower CA (Frf 3)2.1408 : What tho fell in his fantasie, And how his wit aboute renneth Upon the love in which he brenneth, It were a wonder forto hiere.
- (a1398) *Trev.Barth.(Add 27944)26b/b : Suche þingis makeþ þe fantesie lye wel ofte, as in þe siʒt þat demeþ a greet sterre but smal & litil for fernesse of place.
- (a1398) *Trev.Barth.(Add 27944)39b/a : Schap and liknes of þinges þat ben I felid ben I gadred in þe fantasie & in þe ymaginatif.
- c1425(a1420) Lydg.TB (Aug A.4)2.2817 : Where was þi witte..to procede liche þi fantasye Vp-on a sweuene meynt with flaterye! Allas! resoun was no þing þi guyde!
- c1425(a1420) Lydg.TB (Aug A.4)5.3033 : Sodeynly he a-woke, And gan to mvse in his fantasie What þing þis dreme myʒt sygnyfie.
- c1475(c1445) Pecock Donet (Bod 916)9/16 : Þe v inward bodili wittis..ben..Comoun witt, ymaginacioun, ffantasye, Estimacioun, and mynde.
- c1475(c1445) Pecock Donet (Bod 916)10/21 : Þe office of the fantasie..is forto forge and compowne, or to sette togedir in seemyng, þingis whiche ben not to gedir, and whiche maken not oon þing in kynde.
- (c1454) Pecock Fol.(Roy 17.D.9)31/39 : Summe philesofris..placen þe power of fantasie bihynde alle þe oþire inward wittis in þe heed, and ʒe placen him in þe middis of þe inward wittis in þe heed.
- c1500(?a1475) Ass.Gods (Trin-C R.3.19)35 : Myn [Morpheus'] abydyng most comonly Ys in a lytyll corner callyd Fantasy.
- (a1393) Gower CA (Frf 3)5.441 : Thurgh here oghne fantasie Thei fallen into Jelousie.
- c1425(a1420) Lydg.TB (Aug A.4)3.4806 : Of þis werke þe merveillous facioun Was more lik..A þinge y-made be fairye, þan any werke wrouʒt be fantasie, Þoruʒ wit of man, as be liklynes.
- a1450(?c1421) Lydg.ST (Arun 119)904 : She anon fille into a fantasie, Ay on thys thyng musyng mor and more.
- a1425(?c1375) NHom.(3) Leg.(Hrl 4196)156/19 : A mased man al out of minde, Þat vses ay for fantasy Forto stare upward to þe scy.
- ?a1425 *Chauliac(1) (NY 12)132a/b : Catharacta..is seid ymaginacion or fantasia for it makeþ to appere in þe aier diuerse þingez which ar not.
- a1500(?a1390) Mirk Fest.(GoughETop 4)46/25 : Heretykes..wolden say þat Cryst had a body of þe ayre by fantesy, and not veray flesch and blod.
- c1600(c1350) Alex.Maced.(Grv 60)384 : For fere ne fantasie faile they nolde.
- (a1382) WBible(1) (Dc 369(1))Ecclus.34.6 : As of the womman berende child, thin herte suffreth fantasies.
- (a1398) *Trev.Barth.(Add 27944)77b/b : Me takeþ hede of ymaginaciouns, of sweuenes, & of fantasies, for in slepinge for medlinge of resoun wiþ fantasmes þe soule metiþ wiþ mony fantasyes.
- c1425(a1420) Lydg.TB (Aug A.4)2.811 : Þouʒe a man stodied [chess] al his lyve, He schal ay fynde dyvers fantasyes Of wardys makyng.
- c1425(a1420) Lydg.TB (Aug A.4)3.4945 : No discrecioun Was to trest in swiche fantasies [as the prophetic vision of Andromache], In dremys shewid.
- a1425(c1385) Chaucer TC (Benson-Robinson)5.358 : Thy swevenes ek and al swich fantasie Drif out.
- ?a1425(c1400) Mandev.(1) (Tit C.16)111/2 : In þeise thinges..þer ben many folk þat beleeven, because it happeneth so oftentyme to fallen after here fantasyes.
- c1440(?a1396) ?Hilton Angels' Song (Thrn)15/17 : When the resone es cleryde fra all worldly & fleschely behaldynges and Imagycyones, fygours, and fantasyes of creatures.
- (?a1439) Lydg.FP (Bod 263)2.1531 : On whose departyng the kyng gan sore thynke, And fantasies gan in his herte synke.
- c1450(1369) Chaucer BD (Benson-Robinson)28 : Sorwful ymaginacioun Ys alway hooly in my mynde..Suche fantasies ben in myn hede.
- (c1395) Chaucer CT.Mch.(Manly-Rickert)E.1610 : Hym thoughte ech oother mannes wit so badde That impossible it were to replye Agayn his choys; this was his fantasie.
- a1425(c1385) Chaucer TC (Benson-Robinson)4.1470 : That wey..To trusten on nys but a fantasie.
- a1450 Yk.Pl.(Add 35290)237/133 : Petir, I saie to þe þis sawe, Þat þou schalte fynde no fantasie.
- (c1456) Pecock Faith (Trin-C B.14.45)168 : Which alle now seid thingis..schewen hem silf not oonli to be childeli fantasies, and ungroundable fyndingis, but also including falsehedis and repungnauncis.
- c1475(?a1430) Lydg.Pilgr.(Tbr A.7)18608 : Alle that thow doste specyffye Is but ffalsehed and ffantesye And cursyd ymagynacyoun, Brouth in ffirste by Illusioun.
- a1550 *Ripley CAlch.(BodeMus 63)52b : To knowe the truthe & fansies to eschewe.
- (a1387) Trev.Higd.(StJ-C H.1)7.9 : He wende þat he were i-scorned of a fleynge fantasye [L phantasmate].
- c1390 PPl.A(1) (Vrn)11.63 : Vche Boye..fyndeþ forþ fantasyes vr feiþ to Apeyre.
- c1390 Whon Men beoþ (Vrn)30 : Þis erþly Ioye, þis worldly blis, Is but a fikel fantasy.
- (a1398) *Trev.Barth.(Add 27944)222a/b : To see verrey reuelaciouns and sightes and nouʒt fantasy.
- ?a1425(c1400) Mandev.(1) (Tit C.16)106/8 : It kepeth him..fro euyll sweuenes, from sorwes & from enchauntementes, & from fantasyes & illusiouns of wykked spirites.
- ?a1425 *Chauliac(1) (NY 12)132b/a : Þe siʒt & apprehencioun of ydolez & fantasiez made in þe aier.
- c1440(?a1375) Abbey HG (Thrn)59/22 : Þe wysedome of þe worlde and his fantasyse.
- c1450 Scrope Othea (Lngl 253)112 : That the lyfe of ypocrytes is but a frawdelous vysyon and as a fantasye ymagenid.
- a1500 Conq.Irel.(Rwl B.490)17 : They saw that this cry and this noyse was al cessid, and nas but a fantasy.
- c1450 Jacob's W.(Sal 174)246/33 : Despyse þe world, & held it but fantasye & chyldys game & as a dreem.
- ?c1450 St.Cuth.(Eg 3309)725 : Þai er na fantasyes of dremyng, Bot ensamples of trew thyng.
- c1475 Why Nun (Vsp D.9)338 : I forsoke..a perfyte way For a fantesy or for a dreme.
- (c1395) Chaucer CT.WB.(Manly-Rickert)D.190 : I speke after my fantasye..For myn entente nys but for to pleye.
- c1425(a1420) Lydg.TB (Aug A.4)1.3522 : Eche of hem after her fantasie Gan deme of hym al þe longe day.
- ?c1450 Knt.Tour-L.(Hrl 1764)23/24 : All good women..aught to leue all such fantasyes.
- (a1464) Capgr.Chron.(Cmb Gg.4.12)238 : Ech of us schuld have the reule in dyvers places of Ynglond and make lawes aftir oure owne fantasies.
- (c1390) Chaucer CT.Mil.(Manly-Rickert)A.3191 : A poure scoler Had lerned art, but al his fantasie Was turned for to lerne astrologye.
- c1425(a1420) Lydg.TB (Aug A.4)2.787 : Kyng Priamus..Haþ in his hert cauʒt a fantasye, His newe cite for to magnyfye.
- ?c1425(c1380) Chaucer Form.A.(Benson-Robinson)51 : The lambish peple, voyd of alle vyce, Hadden no fantasye to debate.
- a1450 Parton.(1) (UC C.188)1879 : Here-after ye neuer desyrous be..to haue the syght of me..Alle suche fantasyes now lat be.
- a1500 ?Ros Belle Dame (Cmb Ff.1.6)261 : To leue in wo he hathe gret fantasie.
- a1450(?c1421) Lydg.ST (Arun 119)1644 : Tydeus made his brother chese..which that was most to his fantasye Of the sustren for to han to wive.
- (1462) Paston4.25 : Men fere sore here of a comone rysyng, but if..ther be sent swyche downe to tak a rewyll as the pepyll hathe a fantsy in.
- (1465) Paston4.196 : I have non fansey with some of the felechipp.
- (c1375) Chaucer CT.Mk.(Manly-Rickert)B.3475 : And also soone as that she myghte espye That she was nat with childe with that dede, Thanne wolde she suffren hym doon his fantasye Eft soone.
- (a1393) Gower CA (Frf 3)3.126 : It is Malencolie, Which groweth of the fantasie Of love.
- (a1393) Gower CA (Frf 3)8.2211 : I sat doun upon the grene, Fulfilt of loves fantasie.
- c1425(a1420) Lydg.TB (Aug A.4)4.3163 : As it fareth of lovers..Whanne þei haue kauʒt in herte a fantasie.
- c1425(a1420) Lydg.TB (Aug A.4)5.2736 : He falsly fil in-to a fantasie, To sette his loue on Hermyon þe quene.
- (a1470) Malory Wks.(Win-C)385/9 : Sir Tramtryste kyste grete love to La Beale Isode..and she began to have a grete fantasy unto hym.
- a1500(?c1450) Merlin (Cmb Ff.3.11)213/5 : The kynge liked moche hir bewte, and soche a fantasie fill in his herte that he cowde not it remeve.
Supplemental Materials (draft)
- a1425 St.Anthony (Roy 17.C.7)121/31 : Anon after, not in fantasse, he sayd, he saw a grete weg of masse golde.
- a1450 Eagle Magic in Tul.SE 22 (Add 34111)27/81 : Do bere þe klows of þe Egle, and þei kepen from alle maner of euille and fantasie and from all noyauntz.