Middle English Dictionary Entry

drīven v.
Quotations: Show all Hide all

Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

Note: Cp. dreven v.(1).
1a.
(a) To chase (sb. or sth.), pursue, drive; ~ abak, ~ forth, ~ fro, ~ in, ~ into, ~ of, ~ to, etc.; (b) to move (sth.), propel, push; ~ ayen, force back (water); ~ forth, force onward; carry off (booty); ~ frommard, expel (sth.) from; ~ up, emit (a voice), send up (fire); driven snou, the driven snow; (c) fig. to drive (hate, guilt, etc.); drive (sb. to a condition, etc.); ~ forth, promote (one's fortunes); ~ into nought, ~ til ende, bring (sth.) to naught, bring to an end, destroy; ~ to deth, kill (sb.); ~ to dust, ~ into poudre, reduce (sth.) to dust; also crush (sb.).
1b.
In phrases [highly selective]: (a) ~ awei, to chase (sb.) away, banish; carry off or away; exorcise (a spirit); dispel or disperse (sth.); fig. get rid of, do away with; (b) ~ doun (adoun), to strike or cast (sb.) down; overcome (sb.), vanquish; fig. reduce (a sin), dispel (sorrow); (c) ~ oute, to drive (sb.) out (of a place), banish, expel; exorcise (devils); utter (words); fig. cast out (sin, vice), eliminate, remove; (d) ~ to erthe, to knock (sb.) to the ground; kill (sb.); also fig.; (e) ~ cours, to pursue (one's) course, go, pass.
2.
Hunt. (a) Of a dog: to pursue or chase (game); (b) of a hunter: to drive (game to a place, a person, etc.).
3.
(a) To drive (a team, vehicle, plow); ~ plough, ~ sulwe, to plow; of a draft animal: draw (a vehicle), drag (an offender); (b) to drive or herd (livestock); also, tend (a herd or flock).
4.
(a) To drive (a nail, stake, pile); also fig.; (b) in proverbs or proverbial expressions [see M. P. Tilley, Dict.of Proverbs 488-9]; (c) ppl. driven, studded, covered.
5.
(a) To hurl (a missile), shoot (an arrow), cast (a stone); fig. ~ blame, throw the blame (on sb.); (b) to twirl (a missile); (c) to strike a blow; ~ dint, deliver a blow; ~ swerd, thrust (one's) sword.
6.
Of wind, a storm, the sea: to propel or drive (seamen, a sailboat, etc.); ~ to lond, drive or wash (sb., a ship) ashore; also fig.
7a.
(a) To go or move rapidly; hasten, dash, rush, charge, plunge; (b) comen ~ (driving), to come rushing, rush; ~ ayen, rush against (sb.), attack; ~ to hors, rush to horse, mount hastily; ~ to peces, go to pieces, break up; (c) of a ship or seafarers: to sail, travel by sea; also, be tossed about, be driven by the sea; also fig.; (d) of waves: to surge; of dust, mist: drift, be blown; of wind: to blow; (e) of a weapon, missile, blow: to strike; ~ adoun, fall heavily; ~ in (into), cut into (sth.), pierce (sb.).
7b.
Fig. (a) Of darkness: to come; of day, daylight: come to an end, turn (to darkness, night); of sound, reputation: resound, spread; (b) of a ditch: to lead (to a place); (c) ~ to ende, to come to an end; ~ on, of time: pass; (d) of reason: to lead or proceed (to an inference or a conclusion); (e) of persons: to go (to or into a state or condition); ~ in dethes wef, ~ to deth, die; ~ into age, grow old; ~ abouten, revolve (on Fortune's wheel), experience weal and woe; of doom: come; of delight: enter (sb.); of beauty, dotage: ~ thurgh (to), pierce (one's heart), enter.
8a.
To compel (sb. to do or experience sth.), induce, impel, oblige, require; -- also without obj.: (a) of a personal agent; (b) of a motive or of circumstances.
8b.
(a) To subject (sb. to sth.); ~ to (bi, til) bismare (hething, scorn), subject (sb.) to ridicule or vilification, treat scornfully, ridicule; (b) to afflict (sth.), torment.
9a.
(a) To perform or do (sth.), engage in (an activity); carry on (trade, warfare, etc.); indulge in (foolish behavior); play (games); do (penance); make (a bargain); ~ wune, have a custom; ~ matere, attend to or pursue a matter; ~ speches, speak, argue; ~ parlement, negotiate; ~ ple, bring suit; ~ to an ende, carry (sth.) out; etc.; (b) to use (money), apply or use (arguments).
9b.
(a) To draw (a conclusion); deduce or derive (a proposition or truth), draw (an inference), assert; ~ out; (b) to calculate (sth.); ~ out, figure out.
9c.
To make (sth.), fashion; make (sth. of a certain size or shape); also ppl. ppl. driven as adj.: thinne driven, thinly woven.
10.
(a) To experience (hardship, grief, etc.); bear, suffer; (b) to pass or spend (the time); esp., in a pleasant or leisurely way; ~ awei, ~ forth, while away (time); (c) ~ lif, ~ daies, to spend (one's) life, live; ~ forth the world, live on; (d) to postpone (sth.); put (sb.) off.

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • ?a1475 Com.Proph.M.(PennSt-U PS V-3)218 : Thei were dryved oute of Englond aftir the deth of king Hardeknoght.
  • Note: NF: ppl. drived.
    Note: Belongs to sense 1b.(c) ~ oute, to drive (sb.) out (of a place), banish, expel.--notes per MLL

Supplemental Materials (draft)

  • a1484De Coitu (Trin-C R.14.52)308/178 : If he dryve fiebly and slowly, after that his body alightith more than before and the soule of hym more wontly gladdith.
  • a1484De Coitu (Trin-C R.14.52)308/178 : There is tyme of drift covenable, whan the body is in temperament of al thynges withoutfurth..neither cold nor hote..but be evene temperat. Forsoth, if he erre from this werk and reason and dryvith, hote bettir is than if he be cold.
  • Note: New sense, 'have sexual intercourse'. Cf. drift n. suppl.