Middle English Dictionary Entry

dēfaut(e n.
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Entry Info

Definitions (Senses and Subsenses)

1.
(a) Lack, insufficiency, absence; short weight [quot.: a1400]; at ~, incomplete (as to antlers), lacking; for ~, for lack of something; in your ~, in your absence, because of your failure to appear; pain ~, scarcity of bread; that non ~ (it) nere, that nothing might be lacking; (b) ~ ayen, lack of (sth.); ~ of, lack of (sth.), absence of (sb.), failure (to do sth.); for ~ of, thurgh ~ of, for lack of; haven ~ of, to have need of (sth.), be deficient in (sth.); in ~ of, in the absence of (sb.), in lieu of (payment), short of (the legal weight), without (correction); (c) need, poverty; famine; (d) for ~, of necessity, necessarily; withouten ~, without fail, assuredly; (e) astron. & geog. ebb (of the sea); eclipse (of the sun); waning (of the moon); (f) cook. of ~ of, for ~ of, in the absence of, as a substitute for; in ~, as a substitute; (g) gram. lack or incompleteness (of gender), defect (in gender); (h) law failure to plead one's case, failure to appear in court; bi ~, in the absence of one party to a suit, by default; maken ~, to be absent from court, fail to appear for a trial.
2.
(a) A defect, fault, flaw; damage; blemish, disfigurement; ben in ~, to be defective; cacchen ~, be damaged or disfigured; finden ~ in, find a defect in; (b) an error, a blunder; ~ in the leche, an error of the physician; fallen on a ~, of hounds: to be checked by loss of the scent; finden ~, find an error; maken ~, make a mistake; (c) faintness, weakness;(d) ?delay;(e) ?injury; (f) in proverbs.
3.
(a) An offense, a crime, a sin; (b) ben in ~, to be guilty of a crime; don ~, fallen in ~, haven ~, maken ~, commit an offense, be guilty of a sin or crime; finden ~, discover or suspect an offense, observe a violation of the law; taken in ~, make (sb.) commit an offense; taken with ~, detect (sb.) in an offense or a sin; ~ making, commission of a crime; (c) guilt, sinfulness, unfaithfulness; ben in ~ ayen, to be sinning against (sb.); finden in ~, finden ~ with, find (sb.) guilty or faithless; (d) blame, discredit; an accusation; bringen in ~, to bring (sb.) into disrepute, bring discredit upon (sb.); finden in ~, blame (sb.), find fault with; leien ~ on (upon), putten ~ in (on, to), accuse (sb.), blame.
4.
(a) Responsibility for evil or failure, fault; for thi ~, through a fault of yours, because of you; in ~ of, through the fault of (sb.); mi (our, thi, your, his, their) ~, my (our, your, his, their) fault; in (of, thurgh) ~, through (someone's) fault, because of (someone); owen ~, (one's) own fault; (b) al in mi ~ it is, it is all my fault; in him was al the ~, it was all his fault; in whom is ~, whose fault is it; no ~ in us, through no fault of ours; who is ~ of, who is to blame for; (c) aretten to ~ of, to attribute (sth.) to (sth.); in ~ of, what for ~ of, because of (sth.).