Standard atlas of Ottawa County, Michigan : including a plat book of the villages, cities and townships of the county...patrons directory, reference business directory...
Geo. A. Ogle & Co.

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Page  3 ............... "... . .....It,1 I _ I l-,l-- ui u 1w2 1 t___ l!_JLL "--- I---III Ii--4 l w] _ LL.JII di-- 11 IT, ...... iI l L i,,,,,,,2 -... 1i....1.f ~ - - - --_ _ _ _.(f................. IN~LrUDIN OFN THUED I N6 A PLT- B- O.OF THE VILLAGES,,. CITIES AND TOWNSHIPS OFTHE CO UNTY. R**<-MP OF T*Ee S&f t- 44Ht1iEO SNFE& AfYW&RtD ^: Patrons Directory, Referen:ce Business Directory and Departmen devoted to General Information. ANALYSIS OFTHE.SYSTEM OF U.S. LAND SURVEYS, DIGEST OF THE SYSTEM OF CIVIL GOVERNMENT, ETC. ETC. ts - r _,, " ' - D _( --ll s -- "-. ". " yV 0^... s."-- AA.. j ^ * cv Om piled -and uYblished Ac /lk -_- 5+rBY--Y":-, _,% G. ~.. CHICAGO. 6^prti/4/1?y~e.A.tfy4? Co.

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Page  5 TABLE OF CONTENTS GENEFRAL INDEX. PAGE TITLE PAGE.................................................. 3 TABLE OF CONTENTS........................................ 5 OUTLINE MAP OF OTTAWA COUNTY....................7 MAP OF THE STATE OF MICHIGAN..................... 90-91 MAP OF THE UNITED STATES.......................94-95 MAP OF THE WORLD....................................... a.....98-99 PATRONS' REFERENCE DIRECTORY, OTTAWA COUNTY.. 101 ILLUSTRATIONS......................................105 PAGE ANALYSIS OF THE SYSTEM OF UNITED STATES LAND SURVEYS......................... Supplement 1-11 DIGEST, OF: THE SYSTEM OF CIVIL GOVERNMENT S.......................................... Supplem ent III-VI GENERAL INFORMATION REGARDING BANKING AND BUSINESS METHODS.................. Supplement VII-VIII ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY, CHRONOLOGICALLY ARRANGED.... "Supplement X-XXI1 OTTfMWfW GOUNTY INDEX PAGE AGNEW, PLAT OF................................. 21 ALLENDALE, PLAT OF.......................... 51 ALLENDADE TOWNSHIP.............................73 ANDERSON CAMPING GROUND, PLAT OF........ 34 BAUER, PLAT OF...................................51 BEACHWOOD BANKS, PLAT OF....................21 BELLE POINT; PLAT OF............................21 BERLIN, PLAT OF..................................49 BLENDON TOWNSHIP................................75 BORCULO, PLAT OF................................61 CENTRAL PARK, PLAT OF........................35 CHESTER TOWNSHIP............................. 79 CONKLIN, PLAT OF.................................65 COOPERSVILLE, PLAT OF..................;.....42-43 CROCKERY TOWNSHIP.............................67 DRENTHE. PLAT OF.................................38 EASTMANVILLE, PLAT OF.........................39 ENLARGED PLAT, SEC-. 33 AND S. a SEC. 28, GRAND HAVEN TOWNSHIP................56 EVANSTON PARK, PLAT OF......................38 FERRYSBURG, PLAT OF.............................14 FOREST GROVE, PLAT OF........................51 GEORGETOWN TOWNSHIP...........................85 GRAND HAVEN, PLAT OF EAST PART OF.............................10-11 MIDDLE PART OF.......................... 14:15 W EST PART OF.............................18-19 GRAND HAVEN TOWNSHIP........................56-57 HARRINGTON, PLAT OF............................ 28 HERRINGTON, PLAT OF..........................46 HIGHLAND PARK, PLAT OF......................18-19 HIGHLANDS, THE PLAT OF..........................21 HOLLAND, PLAT OF NORTH PART OF.............................24-25 SOUTH PART OF............................28-29 SOUTH WEST PART OF........................31 HOLLAND TOWNSHIP............................ 64-65 HUDSONVILLE, PLAT OF............................51 JAMESTOWN, PLAT OF..............................51 PAGE JAMESTOWN TOWNSHIP........................... 87 JENISON, PLAT OF..................................43 JENISON PARK, PLAT OF..........................34 LAKE MICHIGAN PARK, PLAT OF..................34 LAKESIDE, PLAT OF................................18 LAMONT, PLAT OF........ 6.........................57 LISBON, PLAT OF................................... 61 MACATAWA, PLAT OF...........................34-35 MONTELLO PARK, PLAT OF........................31 NEW GRONINGEN. PLAT OF....................38-39 NUNICA, PLAT OF...................................51 OAK PARK, PLAT OF..............................53 OLIVE TOWNSHIP.............................60-61 OLIVE CENTER, PLAT OF.......................... 61 OTTAWA BEACH, PLAT OF..........................34 OTTAWA COUNTY, OUTLINE MAP OF...............7 PIGEON LAKE RESORT, PLAT OF.................. 46 POLKTON TOWNSHIP.................................71 PORT SHELDON BEACH, PLAT OF..................39 POTTAWATTOMIE LAKE RESORT, PLAT OF........ 21 RENO, PLAT OF.....................................46 ROBINSON, PLAT OF............................. 43 ROBINSON TOWNSHIP...............................69 SOUTH PARK, PLAT OF........................35 SPRING LAKE, PLAT OF......................... 10-14 SPRING LAKE TOWNSHIP.........................53 SPRING LAKE BEACH, PLAT OF..................10 SUMMERLAND PARK, PLAT OF...................21 SUNNYSIDE, PLAT OF...............................53 TALLMADGE TOWNSHIP........................83 VINECREST BEACH, PLAT OF......................11 VRIESLAND, PLAT OF..............................51 WAUKAZOO, PLAT OF..........................38-39 WAVERLY, PLAT OF................................25 WEST OLIVE, PLAT OF..........................56-57 WRIGHT TOWNSHIP.............................. 81 ZEELAND, PLAT OF.............................46-47 ZEELAND TOWNSHIP.............................. 77 ZUTPHEN, PLAT OF.................................56

Page  6 INDEX TO- ILLUSTRATIONS PAGE Anderson, Fred, and Family......................109 Anderson, Fred, Residence of.....................113 Andre, Cornelius....................................109 Arch Street, Berlin, Mich..........................109 Baker, Klaus..................... 105 Baldwin, Frank S.................................... 107 Berlin H otel............................................ 111 Berlin State Bank.....................................111 Brown, Mr. and Mrs. Peter.......................107 Burlingame, E. E., Residence of................111 Campbell, Fred H.................................... 107 Campbell, Lizzie L................................... 107 Carlson, A. V., Residence of......................111 City Hall, Holland, Mich..........................107 Cook, F. S., Photo From........................ 113 Cook, Rickle...................................I....ll Cook, R. H., and Family...........................107 Court House, Grand Haven, Mich...............105 Courtright, E. J., Residence of.................. 113 Cross, Effie Fern.....................................111 Cross, Fred.....................................109 Cross, Fred, Residence of............... 113 DeKeyzer, Cor........................................105 D e L ong, G......................................... ll D e V os, C..................................................105 DeVries, Siene T.......................................109 D yke, Jam es...........................................113 D yke, Jeonette........................;...............109 D yke, Joseph............................................109 Elbers, R uth............................................111 Fellows, Edwin, Residence of.....................111 First M. E. Church Holland, Mich............109 Fritz, Joseph, and Family......................109 Fritz, Joseph, Residence of........................111 Fritz, Joseph, Old Residence of..................113 G errits, R alph.......................................... 105 Gilbert, John A., Jr., Residence and Barn of............................................. 113 PAGE SGraves Library, Holland, Mich...................107 Guthan3en, Rev. G., and Views from.........109 G. R. G. H., & M. Ry., Depot, Berlin M ich........................................ 109 Harmsen, Ben and Family......................109 Harmnisen. Ben, Residence of.................111-113 H atch, Burt P.........................................105 "High School, Berlin, Mich........................111 High School, Grand Haven, Mich.............. 107 "Hoerich, August.................................. 105 Hyma,' H., Residence and Barn of.............. 113 Jenison, D. M............................ 105 Jenison, H. E.......................................... 105 Johnson, Ed., and Family..........................107 Johnson, Ed., Residence of........................113 Joscelyn, M arquis L................................. 107 Kamp, Henry Haze, Residence of............ 111 Kirby,, Edward P................................105 Knight, A. J., Residence of.......................111 K ouw, Isaac...........................................105 Lillie, Colon C., Scene on Farm of........... 113 Lothschutz, Mr. and Mrs. Peter A.............111 Lothschutz, Peter A., Residence of............113 M acann, Orlando.....................................111 Marsilje, Isaac......................................... 105 Nauta, Paul and Family............................ 107 Nauta. Paul, Residence and Barn of...........113 Nienhuis, A. J., Residence of.....................113 Nienhuis, M. E., Residence of...................111 Nienhuis, Peter M.................................... 107 Park, John and Famnily............................107 Park, John, Residence of........................113 Park, John, Jersey Cattle of...................113 Peoples Savings Bank, Grand Haven, Mich..107 Peterson, Mr. and Mrs. Alfred..................107 Peterson, Peter, and Family......................111 PAGE Post Office, Grand Haven, Mich.................107 Prendergast, Mr. and Mrs. Ed...................109 Prendergast, Mike...................................109 Quigley, Mr. and Mrs. J. M................... 107 Reeves, Geo. W., and Family................... 109 Roberts, W. L., and Sons, Residence and Scenes on Farm of......................... 109 Rooks, Gerrit, and Family..................... 105 Root, W. S., Father and Sons................. 109 R uch, J. N..............................................107 Sichterman, Si., Residence of................... 113 Simmer, Al., Photo From....................... 113 Smith, M. M.............................. 105 Smith, M. M., Residence of................... Stegeman, Peter, Home of........................ 107 Ter Avest, John G................................. 107 Twenty-fourth Street School, Holland, Michigan................................. 107 Van Putten, Adrian.................................. 107 Van Raalta Hall, Holland, Michigan......... 107 Van Rhee, John......................1............ 05 Van Schelven, G.................................. 105 Van W ynen, Govert................................109 Vrieling, Walter, Residence of..................113 Walcott, Horace H., Residence of...............111 Walker, Isaac................................. 109 Walker, Isaac, Residence of.......................113 Water Street, Berlin, Mich......................109 W hite Bros.............................................. 105 Wilde, Thos........................................... 109 Witcop, Fred, Residence of........................107 Yntema, Gerrit, Residence of.....................113 Zwemer, H. P..........................................105 Zwemer, H. P., Store of...........................111I 0 A4

Page  7 o*4 ~ I _ _ _ ____ _ 44k ___ K L 1 11J~i~I W___ TiFF1V1o........K.... sr,, ]411nW__4_ = -~ ~___ 9D ___ ri~~~{ ~ I4& 1> J c-d 0 \cff4A or ~W~]F77 ~\r. t Li I0 (D 4T JoP, S. ___ fk. u A im 7 ) )J 0 V IsI ti~j (J 0A k.- *Aýf (.5 2v. T 0 IV 01.1--Iiz V.O" A Title: Outline Map of Ottowa County Michigan 5 N; 6 N; 7 N; 8 N; 9 N 16 W; 15 W; 14 W; 13 W Keywords: Muskegon Co.; South Branch of Crockery Creek; School; Church; Harrisburg; Grand Trunk R. R.; Crockery Lake; Chester; Grand Rapids & Indiana R. R.; Cem.; Town Hall; Grande Creek; Lisbon; Conklin; Sand Cr.; Belle Point; Spring Lake; Summerland Park; Lake Side; Sunny Side; Hammond Bayou; Prospect Point; Lloyds Bayou; Ferryseur; Grand Haven; Highland Park; Pottawattomie Lake; Oak Park Plat; Grand Rapids, Grand Haven & Muskegon Elec. RY.; Grand Trunk R. R.; Nunica; Creek; Grand River; Beaver Creek; Polkton; Coopersville; Wright; Cranberry Lake; Store; Town Hall; Wright; Reno; Herrington; Lake Michigan; Pottawattomie Lake Resort; Pere Marquette R. R.; Agnew; Ind. Cem.; Robinson; Bass River; Creamery; Eastmanville; Deer; Little Deer Creek; Traders Creek; Allendale; Bass Creek; Little Bass Creek; Berlin; Mud Lake; Lamont; Sand; Tallmadge; Ottawa Creek; Little Sand Cr.; Stafford Lake; Fenness Lake; Pigeon River; Pigeon Lake Resort; Pigeon Lake; Port Sheldon Beach; West Olive; Olive Center; Olive; Borculo P.O; Harlem Sta.; Bauer; Blendon; Jenison; Georgetown; West Branch Rush Creek; Grand Rapids & Chicago Elec. RY.; Hudsonville; East Branch Rush Creek; Pine Creek Bay; Big Bay; Evanston Park; Waukazoo; Black Lake or Macatawa Bay; Ottawa Beach; Macatawa; Saugatuck Junc.; Allegan Co.; Holland; Waverly; Groningen; Zeeland; Vriesland P.O.; Drenthe; Jamestown P.O.; Zutphen; Jamestown; Forest Grove; Black Creek; Kent Co. Note:

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Page  10 j ro ^ijsi~~ja~j^G~y^^~wy~^^Assf-AW. mm^^^^ ^- i '*^ "_^ L A /V.\ s-. \^ \ V^^ ^f^^^ a\h \ -^ ^ 2 -^ \ \ ' ^/^ ' ^4.,..L.1..l............ c.t S' \^ '?! ^ ^W ^A Q sy.o. - - r ^^ I P ~ 'S V th OH.. I. n m S ^- Y^ ^ ^1^"2 - - r ^ / 370 ^ ^ Title: East Part of Grand Haven and Environs Showing East Part of Grand Haven and Spring Lake Grand Haven & Spring Lake Twps. Keywords: Spring Lake; Spring Lake Beach; Margaret Ave.; Spring Lake Beach 2nd Sub; Pine St.; Cherry St.; Oak St.; Ceder Ave.; Coles Park; Villa Park Add; Mrs. Soule;Park Rd.; Herbert Ave.; Lake Cohasset; Cemetery; Franklin Ave; Railroad Ave.; Lane; Crane’s Sub; Sub Lots 12 13 & 49; Preston Ave; Maple Ct.; Graves; Esther Ave.; Beach Drive; Lake Ave; Ed De Vries; Buena Vista Add; Lake View Ave; Grand Trunk R. R.; Grist Mill; Barber St.; Mason St.; Church; Liberty St.; Bryants Add; Division St.; Jackson St.; Emma Hopkins Est; C. P. Brown; Mrs Lovell; Bartholomews Add.; Alden; Ed De Vries; M. Ducey; O. Lehman; F Hall; Ella Perkins; Geo Christman; Fall’s Add.; Central Ave.; Maple Ave.; Engine House; State St.; Mrs Cook; E. DeVries Est.; Baptist Church; Church St.; S. Kapkins; Church; Asa Reeds Est.; School; Exchange St.; Grand Rapids, Holland & Chicago Electric R. R.; J. Finch Est; J Roosmore; P. Dewitt; J. Staple; L. D. Heath; M Shoemaker; Parsonage; M. M. McLean; E. R Clark Est.; A. Bilz; A Bilz Add; F. Hall; R. Loosemeir; F. Summermier; R Derwass; K. Vandan Wall; C Ruerpser; Chas Carpenter; R. H. De Vries; F De Vries; Mary E. Thompson; W. Trotter; Haire Tolford Hancock’s Add.; Tolford St.; Summit St.; Hopkins Add.; Elm Wt.; River; J Brongerma; Prospect St.; Mill Reserve; Ann St.; Buchannan St.; Meridian St.; H Bohlhuis; North St.; J. Van Der Waal; Geo. Yoss; Geo. Wagoner; P. Visser’s Add.; South St.; Visser St.; Brongersma’s Add.; Brongersma St.; Brongersma’s 2nd Add.; Mrs. Miller; H. Stark; C Erwin; John Stark; G. Christman; E. A. Fosler; Claus Fink; Peter De Witt; Chas. Allen; F Tasche; Lloyd’s Bayou; Eastman Island; West St.; South St.; East St.; Westover’s Add.; George Wagoner; Claus Schuer; C Bolens; 1st Add to V. C. Beach; Vinecrest Beach; Sisson & Lillie; E. Helder; D. L. Gernhube; H Wissink; John Workman; Dr. Vannaman; Reserve No 1 Vinecrest Beach; G. Bottema; Pruin Ave.; Kieft & Roosein; Charles Allen; J. Rikema; J. P. Hart’s Sub Div.; Rannes Ave.; J. Werkman; Rannes Ave.; Majors Ave.; Seymour Ave.; Edwards Ave.; River Road; John St.; White Friant & Company; Grand River; R. W. Duncan; J. E. Boyden; Munroe, Howlett & Cutler’s Add.; Fryant St.; F. J. Kieft, Sr. Note: For Middle Part of Grand Have See Pages 14 and 15

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Page  14 OV 2 s w.. -17 4S ba Q 6...... go 4s cps; 14 '0001ý0 load tNO Title: Middle Part of Grand Haven and Environs Showing Ferrysburg and part of Grand Haven and Spring Lake Grand Haven & Spring Lake Twps Keywords: J. Vander Kolk; North St.; D. Cook; Fifth Stl.; Scofield & Vermyle’s Add.; Ferrysburg; Pere Marquette R. R.; Birch St.; Beech St.; Maple St.; W. Elm St.; School; Scofield St.; Mrs. J. H. Ferry; E. Flanders; F Bills; E. Kooster; Spring Lake; J. Westerhuis; Division St.; Third St.; Fourth St.; Church; Dock; Reserve; D. Yellier; First St.; Second St.; Original Town; Johnston Bros. Steam & Water Works; Savidye Estate; Hopkins St.; Hotel; Barber St.; Mason St.; Grand River; Depot; Pine St.; Grand Trunk R. R.; State St.; Liberty St.; Mill Point; Barber’s Add.; Park St.; Division St.; Dirk Baker; Henry W. Buewell; Exchange St.; River St.; School St.; Mill St.; Main St.; Grand Haven Basket Co.; Johnson & Anderson; Johnson and Anderson; Eastman Island; John Corl; Akeley’s Subdiv.; Bayou St.; A. Verberkamos; John Nusimer; Adams St.; Monroe St.; Jackson St.; Boltwood’s Add.; J. Bintenwort; O. A. Wright; P.. Smith; K. Laman; Dake Engine Manf Co; L. Guikey; R Dankof; G. J. Weaver; M. Aeveringe; K. Ritsenoo; P Wiepengd; J. Vander Molen; W. B. Faster; C. Danhof; Geo; Doddington; Challenge Refrigerator Co.; G. Zaagman & Co.; Kieft & Roossien; Madison St.; Basket Facty; Elliott St.; Fifth St.; Fulton, Grand Rapids, Grand Haven & Muskegon R.Y.; Waits Add.; J. DeSpelder; J. A. Boeyink; K Yonker; Kooiman Brows; J. G. Zoet; J. Mersman; H. McDonald; J Hieflje; R Danhof; A Vander Maiden; B. Weavers; W Van Holten; H. Funse; Mrs Ribbink; J. Ritsema; A Casemare; A. Benkema; F. Helms; S. Byrnhold; A Van Hemynen; L. Byl; S. Byrnhold; H. Byrnhold; K. M. Byrnhold; Peter Roossien; Harm Roosien; John Kelling; A Kooiman; Board of Trade of Grand Haven; Madison St.; Foundry Specialty Co.; Plumbing Supply Factory; Wm. Heap & Sons; Columbus St.; Washington St.; Church; Akeleys Institute; De Spelder’s Add.; De Spelder St.; Fulton Ave.; Martin Kieft; J Casamir; Fred. Kieff; A. T. Nyland; Elliott St.; Riverside Add.; Wm. Heap; Eagle Tanning Co.; Sixth St.; Franklin St.; Clinton St.; Munroe & Harris Add.; V. A. Frank Est.; F. Mulder; H. Mulder; W. Mulder; I. Mulder; C. Borch; I Vandanboongaard; P. Klauer; Kief Rossien; A. R. Fleming; E. B. Kinkema & Co.; Ned Smith; J McMann; T. Vander Bosch; J. Locke; Barns Add.; Columbus Ave.; Washington Ave.; Water Works; R. W. Duncan; Seventh St.; Eighth St.; J. Klamhou; Cornelius Lock Est.; Silas Harvey; S. Vand Drunen; J. Vaholle; I. Vander Plasse; W. VanBemmelen; Mrs. Slaghuis; Mrs. Alice Bolt; Mrs J Boer; H. Bolt; Arinia Kolroord; Albert Bolt; Mrs L. Johnston; Pennoyer Ave.; Clubb’s Add.; Franklin St.; Albee St.; C. B. Albee’s Add.; Hopkin’s Add.; Hopkins St.; Corl’s Add.; Grand View Add.; Park; School Lot; Eastern Ave.; STUPE’s Add.; Grant St.; Slayton St.; Davis St.; Davis Add.; D. Kittsema; W. Van Houten; H. Yonkers; Swiftney; Morford; John Brown; A. Bolt; Henry Bolt; Ed. C. Smith Add.; Albee St.; F. Smith; M Vander Bosch; Miera’s Add.; Howlett & Cutler’s Add.; Cutler St.; Alb. Rynsdorp; G. Verduim; W. Verhoeks; P. Zonting; Peter VanZylen; Standard Oil Co.; S. Verhoeks; H. Noordhuis Est.; G. Zangerman & Co.; Gritt Brower; Ferry St.; A. Van Der Veen; Griffin St.; Colfax St.; Glenwood Ave.; Pine Hurst; Charles Otto Est.; Beech Tree St.; Munroe, Howlett & Cutler’s Add.; Woodlwan Ave.; Gidlek Note: For West Part of Grand Haven See Pages 18 and 19; Fore East Part of Grand Haven See Pages 10 and 11

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Page  18 18 alro z -2 sy t-ra C72 "'y 'y AOV 1.9r................. Title: Lakeside Spring Lake Twp.; West Part of Grand Haven and Environs County Seat of Ottowa Co. Grand Haven & Spring Lake Twps. Keywords: Not in Plat; Royal Ave.; Spring Lake; Park Av.; Highland Ave.; F. A. Gerhart; Pine St.; E. Kooster; H. Rosema; D. G.; W. Boyden; J. O. Katt; E. Kuiper; M. Katt; J. Westhof; Park St.; River St.; Heber St.; Kirby St.; Storrs & Company’s Add.; Brayton St.; Colfax St.; Douglas St.; Grand River; River St.; Basket St.; Grant St.; Storrs St.; Boyce St.; Emlan St.; Reynolds St.; South Channel St.; Baker & Son; Lumber; Mill Reservation; Minke Dykhuis; Freight Depot; Elevator; Grand Trunk RY.; L Bloecher; Elliott St.; Madison St.; Madison House; Warehouse; Depot; N. Robbins Jr. Docks; Grand Trunk Depot; Story & Clark Piano Fact.; Fulton St.; Columbus St.; School; John Vyn; Boat; Electric Light & Water; Original Town; Washington St.; Franklin St.; Clinton St.; Post Office & Custom House; Church; Central Park; City Hall; Lake Michigan; Practice Post; U. S. Life Saving Station; American Brass Novelty Co.; American Mirror & Glass Beveling Co.; Office; Gas Works; Water St.; Lafayette St.; First St.; Howard St.; Second St.; Third St.; Jail; Court House; Church; Post Light; Wadsworth’s Add.; Wharf St.; Grand Haven Street R. R.; Well; City Water & E Ligth Plant; Campaus Add.; Main St.; Dwight Cutler; Fourth St.; Pennoyer St.; Fog Signal House; Pier Light; Range Light; Tool House; U. S. L. S. Boat House; G.R., G.H. & M. Electric RY; Lighthouse; S. L. Munroe; City of Grand Haven; J. Mulligan; William St.; Slayton St.; Lake St.; Butler St.; Montague St.; Grant St.; Leggat’s Add.; Slayton & Van Der Veen Add.; Cutler & Sheldon’s Add.; Elizabeth St.; Legal St.; R. W> Duncan; R. Van Oord; M. V. Slayton Est; Mrs D. Mull; C Yager; HTripp; Sheldon St.; Colfax St.; Cutler St.; John St.; Woodlawn Ave.; Park Ave.; Maplewood Add.; Reserve No. 2; Munroe Park Add.; Stephen L. Munroe; Prospect Ave.; Valley Ave.; Reserve No. 1; Lake View Add.; Reserve No. 1; Mrs Chase; Chicago Ave.; J. Walker; Lake Ave.; Beach Park Reserved for Concessions; Beach Park; Hotle; Park; Club House Site; Lovers Lane; Reserved for Future Platting; Highland Park; Dance Hall; Pavillion; Bath House; Beechwood Lane; Beechwood Road Note: Note: This plat joins main plat on the South Points of connection indicated thus: * *; Points of Connection with Munroe Park Add., shown above are indicated thus * *

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Page  21 I r, m rý A; NI ii C) ':9 1 Hr po 0 tc6 Nb PZ0 060 z~O2ZZ"r r ný -7-ja tnzP-02c1 7 Q1I I in t9 I~ %1?S (FN 1 1 fIV; 0-9A ' 0 4 oc v0 in~ ' cdK lpZE-T -?G 97 IL Nt 0 (Q I5 ZC0'Z b N 0 K) NJ NJ 0 N Oh N * 9 1 C0 N I $ A 4 - N 4 N - i i eR;,ýR 4i:ý; ý!ý i j 0 z2 --S tl C>, rmm 9 4722 s22z~7r jtr H 0 (4 c10) Cr ) ) 3 4 PA 11,4 IhI N\NN - ~. *~ 84 INN %A C34 z N4 ~ H H H I H 0s 00 ONO --J - - tr1' ------1 * I uu1K-*- - - - - - I 0 * V K * __ 2:1. H I I I = I I I tilt A Title: Belle Point & The Highlands Spring Lake Twp.; Grand Haven Twp. Agnew; Summerland Park & Beechwood Banks Spring Lake Twp.; Unrecorded Plat of Pottawattomie Lake Resort Grand Haven Twp. Keywords: Muskegon County; Forest Ave.; Spring Lake; Belle Point; The Highlands; J. L. Buchanan; Spring Ave.; Glenn Ave.; Grove Ave.; Unplatted; Cherry St.; Spring St.; Grove St.; East St.; Lake Ave.; Maple Walk; J. Zelenka; H. Stolpe; John McGinnis; S. Stender; W. D. Hoffman Co.; Pickle Factory; Mrs. Wm Correll; Frank Ryder; Main St.; L. Wollenzin; F. & A. Zimmerman; Pere Marquette R. R.; Wm. Stiller; J. Zacharias; W. Emery; School; Fred Behm; M. Klucas; Chas. Schnasse; R. Kaul; M. Konke; Lake St.; Stoddard St.; M. Stauffer; P.O.; Church; Jos. Millon; M. Konke; O. B. Rider; Mrs. P. Correll; M. Stauffer; C. Dushane; G. B. Teunis; A. Throp; F. Boubion; Beachwood Banks; Summerland Park; First St.; Second St.; Third St.; Ole Dahlman; Park Road; Fourth St.; Water St.; Fifth St.; Spring Lake Ave.; F. H. Hough; Sixth St.; Pottawattomie Lake; Grand River; Mill House Bayou; Lake Ave.; Jos. Bignell; H. Schmedzen; Duncon Ave. Note:

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Page  24 <^ ^^Vo^:Cotne^^9po-rZ-jS' i pr j a fr o-ty woorC~ s n y.<g sot ^ s. -if * * --- - -- - - - - -- 2 4.^ ---- ______________- T //~- S E B ^ H _ ___ 0 0... 6; ^ ^-: A^ 1111:7 \| I ___---E_ _ |FZ'T.40^ ""'"" """ '^ \ 0? H ^/^ 0 %, 6 1 /. it--- t, 66^ - -- - -- - cc, <S 543r- - - - 41 //rt-*- - s {A?3 Co ' 3 ' 66 r" 6 66 - o 6 66l/^ /IJl^t -*.. 1 T iV __________________^ ^ '-"" 09 7 ^ 3 S ^ S 6 ' 4 - 27 ^ \ rr -4:r~ -_7^ 0 0 _r A 7 VO 76 5-4-;e - c S 41. -.3,2..7:7,.^. 6~^ ^ K^ ' ' 4-- - - 3 2 7- ^ - - -o - - -- - ^ ^?^ ^ '^'2 ^7 7 677/!79~ / 2f?-S7&7 7 9B.. 7 7.7 7-7 7o7 7 S. ~7 ^ L \ \ 9\Y - --- -Il ji-|,--------.... \ ____?^c. \V? 7- < ^ r ~fir\. F TD ----- ----- --'12 - I-- - - -C -- --- -- 16L - \ ^ J^ J~ --- H i l-L L. 17 749 '7 7 1718~~i -9 r ^ ~ s~ ^ ^ ^ / O---- - - - -- - - 72-- -.. - - - 113S; -.- - _ - - )-- - - - - 1-4 re HAGH77 116- _... 11 11 11 X,_3_a 74- 7. 5'---" 16 7 7,?^^ 7, 36393 g 3,i33d.3 3&YA 94 7 6 S ^ \ y~3.a S-3t^83o f3 3S- CS4 7 4L 7\<^S S &S e3 aQfr OS Z? ^-.^ - -- -,, ^.1TTT1- 1I,,,,. ' fs;voV~ _ _ - ---; _ - ---- --^ a~~_^~ ^.V '.- ^- -A^ <it lr 2 -9" 2e 2 7N 1 0-6 19 4- 2a 22;2 7~L -PM 29^ lgg n ~ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ '2 --2 26_^ _ e-4-*S 2* e3 P-' 2 aq' le R. OP-n P- If I7 -6TI1\ -- - -- -4 - -- - -- - -- -- -- - J. j'- -- --- --------------\< *. ~7 ^ ~/ ~~^~r^^r-78sa ^^^.^~ 7^ ^^ \\^^c~ee ft2SwA ^*f72r3w f e 7 f\a o frrzrsT4f~ e 7 S'9 o f a 3 4 s 6 7 B -9 OL. { ' ^:l X. m o ci \ y^ Y ^** - * I 11 -1g _ _ _ _ _/ __ -IIC -- ~ - - i -- ' 4 - - - - S f * - * - -- - ^ - - -.: ^...A r ^ \ '! ^ ---- - 3 t9 S li 1S 3 ' W Q 3 "'o 6"20 3 ~. l " S S S. 3 H S ^ ^ *I0f 7J2 z^fSft<s f*eC\\T^ > ^ ^\^C^\^ S^ >^\k\ (V / ^ ^r*'.^ "^^."SC'I''**^d see&7-" *C~7to,~S <s 6 6.t-.^ 3 3 U 6 -- _~_ 4 L I e -7 6" S" 4-* -7 7 -V \ ^ ^ ^ i ^ '^ ^ ^\ ^ ^ /// s *? ^ ' -. ^ ^ ^ s- 3 7 *9. '6 A< ^ ftv 70" (P ^9 9 -7 S e le\ ^^<^^^\o\^^^ \* ^^ |"^-^ ^ z:^2l^^y^^ --------C4 70^^ 1,4 '^^ 74 IS^ 76._- ' '7 7e,..".-- ^ -'.^^r^q 20, 7', XR j,- 1 24- AS:I--R 7,S 7,417s,-&'s^1 f f - ^ ^^ ^ 9 \ \- I ~:'\/^ I^ ' 5 ~ ^ s ~ j \^ r ^ _^^^^^~~~~~7;"- 90^^^j~L~^^ 777,61.7-9 \~. 0 ^'^> -~0\^^lg7"""!^ ~^~n1 eo ^-^ 29' )AI 7^ doS ^ ^ ^^ ^ R< 9^ ^ ^ 8 7/ ^. R, i^ k PSS -^ - 24 2(5 RR 2^ ^^ ^ 7 eo^ t 2 ^^ ^5 ^^: ^' 3?, -< ^ / ^ ^^ ^ ^^., | " ^ S E ENT ~. -- - - -- - -J __ -- - -- - -- ^ - ~ ^ '' --- 1--^ ^ -:^ ^i ^. "^1r7 '61SQ1 ^ 9.5 S6 37. 32y y '^ '*-:^ < ^ ^ ^ 3.3 34--- - - -13-9 [4,-0- - - - - y - - - - - S?- - ' -- e '. - -"" |^a ^ z y CT^ P.^ i - ^ |^^1*'s"s ^ 'jf^ ' l --r^ - -^' ' I ~ r 66 7" Re 7 8^/ ^^ ^f ' *, 7 ^ ^ ^~~6 l zf le. -,^ sfa97 u* ~*^:*^* ^ ^ ^ "^ 7*"^ ^ &< >A_". ~1,.,,Z ~&*^ ^ ^ Q -^ s4? < ^^< 14 1- 00E/ ' 16 Iff -A. CA/.^~. ^^ w_ _ _. _ L _ _ _ - - - - -^1 L;<; I ^-'- ^-'T-^ -------- ^^ ^^ ^~ S ^-. v ^" -^.i? / f f / - / / j ^. y ^ ^ s ' ^ ^ "': I TH __ __.^ ^ ^______^ f-. t^ ^.____ __ _ _^ 'r -r ____ * _____ f\' **,, \1 * ____z-v --c ^ - *' ---,-> e& i'- --;- s 5 7 f!z^ * / / / / / // ^ ^ ) ^ ^ ^^ m ' ^ _ _ -^ ^- -~st'' - -^ - - _ ' _ _ -y~ - -l - ^ _ __ _ _^ _ -- -i^- - - -4- - - - - ->^ l^ 43A.-. 0:"^ ^'^<w rf ';.* *^ a ^ / w ^ \ m y ^ \ \ \ \ - 5 ^---^ ^;. I -I T- ^ -'I ^ ' ^I^ 1 1.j.i i.,,i N '^ - ~.... i. ^..\; i _^ _^------ f ^ W. * " ^ ' -l-S * * " ^ il, --ii------,1----r ----ilr ^-.1 i-----i n------! ---f -- i. *. ^. -- - - *^ * ' i 1.'10 A'Sf S i Gr j A T O O ^ ^ S Q P..E 9 ^ V S Title: North Part of Holland and Environs Holland Twp. Keywords: Garfield Ave.; Part of Howard’s 2nd. Add.; Locust St.; Manley Ave.; J. Ensink; H. Bakker; Highland Ave.; Mrs.; J. Kieft; Mrs. Morris; St.; P. Kogl; L. Tilroo; J. C. Dunton Add.; Arthur Ave.; Beech St.; Elm St.; Alpena Beach Road; L. Kardus; D. A. & H. Chapman; Nick Hoffman; Wolfert Co.; J. Visser; Alex. Arnold; A. Legestee; M. D. Howard Est.; Lincoln St.; Junction; Mary Wabeke; Wm. Hacklander; Chas. Eilander; C. Hacklander; F. Woodruff; J. Krygsman; Waverly Ave.; Washington St.; Fillmore St.; Van Buren St.; Public Square; State St.; Brayton St.; C. B. Scott and Charles Scott Estate; Ottawa St.; Kent; Prospect St.; W E Stern Add.; Original Town of Waverly; Waverly; Michigan St.; Pere Marquette R. R.; Third Ave.; Second Ave.; First Ave; Harrison Ave.; Pleasant St.; De Vries Add.; J. Venhuizen; Chicago & West Michigan R. R.; Howard’s Add.; Monroe St.; Madison St.; Jefferson St.; Cappon & Bartsch Leather Co.; Reservation No. 1; Reservation No. 4; B. Van Raalte; Black River; Land Roost Ave.; Eighth Ave.; River St.; Seventh Ave.; Western Add.; Sixth Ave.; West Mich. Stone Co.; Adams St.; School; C. B. Scott & Charles Scott Est.; Fifth Ave.; Fourth Ave.; Pere Marquette R. R. Company; A. E. Wells; H. S. Boone; Reservation No. 3; Post St.; C. H. Schols; Tlaim VanDyk.; Store; John VanDyk Est.; Mill Lot; A. Vand Kooy; Street; Reservation No. 2; A. Van Putten & Co.; First St.; Second St.; H. Kremer and B. Bosman; Mrs. A. Kleinheksel; Celery Ave.; Riverside Add.; John Ter Vree; Black or Macatawa Bay Lake; Holland Launch & Engine Co.; Dock; Third St. Fourth St.; Fifth St.; Ottawa Furn. Co; Grain & Feed; C. J. Oggle; Hope College; City Water Works; Electric Light Plant; Fish Market; A. C. Van Raalte’s Add. No. 1.; Lowland Ave.; Sycamore St.; Grand Rapids, Holland & Chicago R. R.; Paul Berghaus; H. S. Boone; William Por; Superior Pure Ice & Machine Co.; Western Machine Tool Works; A. Harrington Coal.; Graham & Marton; Chicago Dock; Tannery Add.; West Michigan Furn. Co; Russ Mach Wrks; Kry Kilns; West Michigan Furniture Co.; Lumber Dock; Office; John Hummel; Mill St.; Cappon-Bertsch Leather Co.; Eighth St.; G. H. & C. Interurban Freight House; C. J. DeRea et al; Holland Furniture Co.; Holland Furn.; Co.; J. Schoon; Seventh St.; B. Reckson; Ida Horning; Horning Est.; Engine H.; Scott & Luger Lumb. Co.; Walch De Roo Milling Co.; Sixth St.; Holland Hotel; City’s Water Works; Creamery; Kleyn Lumber Co.; Flour Mill; Limberl Chair Co.; Freight Depot; Pass Depot; Elevator; H. P. Wemer’s Sub.; John Looman; Hay St.; Wm. Barlow; Highland Ave.; Reid Ave.; Kings Dock; Warehouses; King & Co.; Blacksmith Shop; Post Est.; Hope College Add.; Van Raalte Ave.; Southwest Add.; Tenth St.; Ninth St.; West Add.; Maple St.; Holland City Brewery; Pine St.; 1st M. E. Church; Episc Church; Scott & Luger Planing Mill; Central Ave.; Bank; College Ave.; Theatre; Engine House; Mich. T. R. Co.; Fish St.; City Garage; Lincoln Park; Holland Rusk Co.; Original Town; Sub-Div. of Lot 1 Block A; Part of East Park Sub.; 10th. St.; D. Miedema; Holland Pressed Brick Co.; Katie G. Van Raalte; West St.; Keppels Add.; Center St.; East St.; J. Buttles; Mrs. Nash; Town Hall; Part of East Side Add. Note: Note: Connecting points with north part of Howard’s 2nd. Add., are shown thus: * *; For South Part of Holland See Pages 28 and 29

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Page  28 Aý ik OL room" Title: South Part of Holland and Environs Holland Twp. Keywords: Black Lake or Macatawa Bay; Ware House; Facty; Saw Mill; Office; Res; C. L. King & Co; Tenth St.; Eleventh St.; 4th. Ward School; Hope Church; City Hall; Centennial Park; High School; Central School; Central Ave. Chr. Ref. Church; Voorhees Hall; Re.; Oggel House; Sisters Society; Graves Hall; Print Dep.; Carnegie Hall; School; Holland Pressed Brick Co.; East Park Sub.; 10 St.; 11th. St.; Heinz Pickle Co.; Bay View Furn Co.; Bayview Addition; Holland Sugar Co.; Hope College Add.; Twelfth St.; Thirteenth St.; Fourteenth St.; Southwest Add.; West Add.; Grand Rapids Holland & Chicago Electric RY.; Original Town; Van Raalte Hall; Seminary; Observatory; Thompson Mfg. Co.; Public Square; Park; Marsilje’s Sub-Div.; Katie G. Van Raalte; Part of East Side Add.; Heintz Pickle Co.; Holland Lum. & Supply Co.; Knutson’s Add.; Guniel Knutson; Ole Peterson; G. D. Thomas; Harrison Ave.; Van Raalte Ave.; Fifteenth St.; 4th. Ref. Church; Sixteenth St.; Van Der Veen’s Sub.; Post’s 3rd Add.; Van Den Berge’s Plat Sec. 32. College Ave.; Fish St.; Mrs. M. Borges; Lincoln Ave.; Leah R. Moore; Fairbanks Ave.; J. & D. Brook; L. Boersma; C. A. Dutton Est. Pilgrim Home Cemetery; Holland Twp. Cemetery; Pilgrim Home Cem.; Mrs. H. Van Raalte; Nels Knutson Est.; Guniel Knutson; R. H. Post’s Add.; Nineteenth St.; Weersinger’s Add.; Stekeiee Bros.; 17th. St.; Eighteenth St.; Vanden Bosch’s Subdiv.; John Weersing; Vanderven’s Sub.; Doornink’s Subdiv.; A. VanderBosch; Maple St.; Pine St.; Post’s 4th. Add.; Post’s Add.; Post’s 2nd Add.; Add. No 1 Van Den Berge’s Plat; State St.; Pump Sta.; City of Holland; Cedar Flats Add.; Bosman’s Add.; Prospect St.; Bolhuis Lumb. Co.; Mrs. Kirkof; Ottawa & Allegan County Agricultural Society; William Por; Mrs. A. C. Van Raalte; Weersinger’s Add.; Twentieth St.; Twenty First St.; Cleveland Ave.; Harrison Ave.; Church; K. Valkema; MC.Bride’s Add.; Vanderven’s Sub.; Ewe Dovwind; Mrs. C. S. Dutton; Teroller’s Add.; Maple St.; Harrington Westerhof & Kramer’s Add. No 2.; Westerhoff’s Sub.; Prospect Park; Columbia Ave.; Holland Furn. Co.; John Dogger; Peter Huizen; G. J. Deuer; Susan Vander Belt; Pere Marquette R. R.; Twenty Second St.; H. Knutzen Est.; John Peeks; Twenty Third St.; Elmwood Add.; G. Preissen; N. Slotack; Van Raalte; 24th St.; Ed. Romine; Reining & Dinks; J. Miles; G. Sagers; John Prins; I. Tappinga; Mrs. C. S. Dutton; John Tjiesema; C. S. Dutton; Add. No. 1 to Harringtion; Central Sub.; Osborne’s Subdiv.; Center St.; South Heights Add.; A. C. Van Raalte’s Add.; Prospect Park; West. St.; City of Holland; Bu Piano Co.; John Van Dort; Laareman Bros.; Susan Vander Belt; P. Van Huisen; J. Rockwood; 26th. St.; 27th. St.; G. Preissen; N. Slotack; Van Raalte; A. Harrington; Walter Nyssen; John Tjiesema; Kameraad; C. S. Dutton; Kameraad; Van Ark; Maple St.; 27th St.; South Heights Add.; Twenty Fifth St.; Park St.; Prospect Park Plat; G. J. Deuer; J. Beukema; J. Westfeld; J. Van Appledorn; M. Grinwis; A. Leit; Wm. Van Huizen; Southwest Heights Add.; 28th. St.; 29th. St.; A. Harrington; John Nysson; John Dupree; Al. Wiegerink; Philip Vinkemulder; Wabeke’s Add.; Brusse’s Add.; Twenty Eighth St.; Twenty Ninth St.; Dekruif’s Sub.; Harrington; Stewar’s Sub.; Zwartz Est.; A. Visscher; South Prospect Park Plat; A. Siersma; G. E. Vander Baarg; G. J. Deuer; H. J. Kooyer; Ottawa Ave.; Cleveland Ave.; 30th St.; 31st. St.; Wm. Reus; Mrs. J. Balgooyen; First Ave.; Michigan Ave.; Homestead Add.; Thirtieth St.; Thirty First St.; Maple St.; Pine St.; R. H. Post’s Park Hill Add.; River St.; Central Ave.; G. Van Ark; Visscher’s Add.; Columbia Ave.; Wm. Piebenga; Wilbert Van Appledorn; Holland Hatchery; J Melma; 32nd. St.; Thirty Second St.; Thirty Third St. Note: For North Part of Holland See Pages 24 and 25; Sutton’s Add. To Holland; Note: Points of connection with main plat indicated thus: * *; Points of connection where Sutton’s Add joins main plat are shown thus: * *

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Page  31 40 4Vj 65 40' * * * $ * ~ * * 4 *' weX JOU1TNHWEST. PART. OF HOLL1 1-.AND ~ foZce..0 74EN 7TCAN ST 40 c cm7cm I ý'YZ O F J7FF- RFFAk 0c0 "t14&mf M 0? ~ r C.1m1 n Zt 0C 4 1 415 016 5Is9; _2W223 24 56 ee7Z82924303IT V n 5c c e -20- so AIca.ScI-et 5c > 7 7531-5Metz 585960z1 68Z7u-new72-c3 Sst. 3 Z) -ToV IX7A B>oc 20 0c:,ý -T ' 2 ý z6 4 N0S. 14% lot,wn,*gap, Mio 0041...-m A. ýWff I maw OL ab pill P Sol 0ý11 --a 0 'A lit t. AP M Aa X 0 WN, IN I10 '0004.1, d INC u S., ioz gap It, IRS I r%! i I i I I it %omfik INS 0, wit M% wasi, I IN OR 2 jr! owft% so yak oxelp g! wx lag IF' I no:60 "a wo 40 I Fill it:l:iJ IWINIMMAMP I'll I" P'A,4E R!!A 11`11ý111 11d '16: *050, Fýýr0 'ýj........... L:-0713" ýý V ki Title: Southwest Part of Holladn and Environs Holland Twp. Keywords: Macatawa Bay or Black Lake; I. Marislji; Muscatawa Ave.; Thomas Ave.; Lake Ave.; Montello Park; T. R. Van Werk; E T Bertsch; Chas. Hertsch; Factory Site No. 2; Sixteenth St.; Seventeenth St.; H. J. Heintz Pickling Co.; George Birkhof. Est.; J. Kuite; Macatawa Boul.; Benj. Plasman; Eighteenth St.; Nineteenth St.; Twentieth St.; E. Fisher; Chas. Knutson; John Brinkman; C. Lokker; Wm. Plasman; F. Plasman; Twentyfirst St.; Twentysecond St.; Twentythird St.; D. Bertsch; Chas. Krutz; Twentyfourth St.; Lake View Add.; Twentyfifth St.; Luggers Ave.; Franklin Ave.; Washington Ave.; F. Damsen; Grand Rapids, Holland & Chicago Electric RY.; J. C. Johnson; H. Van Leuwen; Plasman St.; Luger’s Add.; Diekema St.; Mrs. John Dogger; E. Beckman; Diekema Homestead Add.; Homestead Add.; Gr. Rapids, Holland & Chicago R. R.; Twentysixth St.; L. Lugers; H. Cook; H. E. Harrington; A. S Wolma; J. Van Vulpen; R. & J. Wiegmink & John Zaggers; Al. Baker; J. De Metz; G. Cook; L. Lugers; Cem.; H. Dunnewind Est.; Daniel Wise; P. Knutson; Ottawa St.; B. Cook Note:

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Page  34 ,j('( LTEDF~/~ yscos33 ^3 y 6 r ".* /^^ 34 \ \ \\ \ \ \\ \^T^j PLjy 0f ^ vi^^f~^/ ^jr^ ^ y^/"//h /// ' l i f \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \\ \\ \ \^ ^'^a--^r ^^ di< I P^ T ^ ^lj/ yyj.// / *1 ' /\ \ \\ \\\ \ \ v ^ r-r T ^/ J ^ */ *!;'.,I o,7 ^ } r W/////7/ /' / / //\ \ \\\\\\ \\\0 T V v / T^ C..O O!:] -ff ^ ^~. ^^^/ (~ ^nA.^/////////\\ '] / / / *\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \\ \ \\\ \\^^ ^ L^ /. A-ND- - i|1- ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ _F \7' \\J ýS^ 2 ^^ ^Q -- -S ^l~' ^^ *-iQ /.^ 1. ~;r )-' -AW BEACHj^ -^ -^^' __._ ^ _--^-----,,,..^.--.'. **= ill ^ s~i~ ^ ^ ^. ^ " 1~~M~~"*' '""P'LA.2"* " = D, PO.Ri.i.-.2702VS. *.j.., '' 'I (^-'ls'& - S^' ^/b - sA 1!t" ' ' ' ii'l 'mo Title: Ottowa Beach, Macatawa and Platted Portions of Sections 33, 34, 35, and 36, in Holland Twp. Keywords: Lake Mich. Park; Lake Michigan Ave.; Cliff Road; Oak Ave.; Maple Ave.; Ash Ave.; Valley Lane; Lynn Ave.; Cherry Lane; Pere Marquette R. R.; Terrace Ave.; Fern Glen; Hazel Way; Elm Ave.; Lake Ave.; Resubdivision West Michigan Park; Terrace Park Norht; Terrace Park South; The Way; Mt. Pisgah Boulevard; Hillside Ave.; Pere Marquette R. R. Co.; Black Lake or Macatawa Bay; Lake Michigan; Blach Road; Mount Pisgah Park; Long Court; Auburn Ave.; Shady Park; Bosma Ave.; Bosmas Add.; Mrs. E. Diekema; H. Liesveld; South Park; Isabella St.; B. L. Scott; Zaalmink Ave.; Black Bass Ave.; Central Park; Maple Ave.; Bay Ave.; Grove Ave. Add. To Central Park; Lakeview Ave.; Pleasant Ave.: Crescent Ave.; Myrtle Ave.; East Ave.; Park Ottawa West; Tenting Park; Pavilion St.; Black Lake Ave.; Ottawa Beach Hotel; Railroad Dock; Macatawa Park Grove; Harrington Add. No. 1; Harrington Ave.; Peter McCarthy; R. W. Irwin & H. Idema; Mrs D. D.; Mrs. K. S. Jones; F. Bosworth; J. C. Kamp; S. Kraemer; J. V. Berkland; W. Mattison; D .G. Cook; J. A> Tuven; Chas. Kraus; Gertrude A. Steketee; M. W. Cremer; Helen Mitting; J. J. Brum; Floral Ave.; Rutger’s Add.; John E St. John; Pleasant Ave.; Holland Front Range Light; Harbor Light; Park Dock; Scott’s Macatawa Grove; Ray Road; Sub. of Lakeside Park;Anderson Camping Ground; 5th St.; 4th St.; 3rd St.; 2nd St.; 1st St.; 8th St.; Summit St.; Stecketee Ave.; E. J. Harrington; Mrs. D. Drake; Elizabeth Drake; Grand Rapids, Holland & Chicago Electric RY.; Jacob Stroup; G. Du Mez; Lookout Park; Macatawa Park; Bay Beach Park; Hotel Park; Yacht Club Dock; Lake St.; Scott St.; Division St.; Jenison Park; East Ave.; Harrington’s 2nd Add.; Saunders Ave.; E. J. Harrington; J. P. Sterketee; Harrington Add. No 3; Street Car Barns; Saugatuck Junction; William Helmink; A. Timmer; Beach Park; Pavilion Park; Grove Park; Prospect Park; Park; Lake Park; P. Scott; Beach Ave.; Park Ave.; Jenison Ave.; Leonard Ave.; Third Ave.; Second Ave.; First Ave.; J. C. Gould; George Bredler; Hugh Bradshaw; E. J. Harrington; Mrs. Henry Tussink; Tyler & McEwing; Jennie Dunnewind; W. Benedict; Myrtle Ave.; R. S. Jones; Crescent Park; Allegan County; Terrace Park; Southern Ave.; Line between Ottawa and Allegan Counties Note: For Plat of Waukazoo See Pages 38 and 39; Section Corners; Section Center

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Page  38 138 I _ ~ 4 --|ES MNI L, ~ ~ Rs 4.w A ~te~n....^ ~ ^.rnc6f.^,. i c ^.*. e-"- ^ ^ ^ ~ ^ Me 623K^O ^ W? i ~ a t fo - ps *____ _ ____^______.4 ' o. *>. 521rZe - 3 0 / ^ k:5z 0 ' \ A "A TTT " A ^ ^ \'/x^ y Y^'\s^^ %^6 fc^v^ W U AZO <^^$^^ ------------ ^^^^%*/*'//%\\HOLLND rm * /(^S^K^^/^^llb \^V^^^/^^y/^\ sa~c. ^\^^7V'\'^^W.S.~an~ei-aee.?. ^a ^ ~er e1-02 \\V\;^^'^^ / ^/b / ^ s& '^T^ // ^~^^^ ^. ^s fs? //e ^ tio sss s3 S3 w n \^\\1~: --^ ^/l )F" /\ ^^/W ^^^ ^ ' 7 i ' 7 6-0 '^^^^^ ^^^ /A/ ^-/y^ ^1^^ ^ -znE:^ ^-^-e-l^ ^ -^ --//^ 0^^^^^^%^ > 'J,5.., 41575 '^^^^^^^As --^ -: ^-^ r"-"af^^^^ / ^ZS's- --i<-P~"19 v^$^^^^^^^ ^^^-5~B^-^ --5-j ^^K^^. ^"^T"--- --^*^- 490" ^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^/^^A -r--^ W-^* 1 is^^-^ ^-^7 '''----1*^ I fc. 0 -fai- -W- - -r-^\-4--91?-- ^--- ^N S YA VV ^. / ^ ^ ^ e ~ * - _ * s/) f'ay ^ >/i- s~- *< ^ ^ ~ ~- - - f A ~,-'^( '^ W I// l 7 N;t^r ~ * 7.f 66 aa ^ -- --"--^ \\\\\ MICH\Y N \ ^ ^\ _.. ^ - "^ 2& ~7 ^ ^^^lj -*t ^iif///// '1'iT* - ^ - '^ S S ^S:S^ * ^ - \f~-id- 3S g ^Q- ~ - ^ f^,- _ _ /.t -;.A '-'J \ " w // // 4971. ------- 470- ' --- -.^\^^^S\<^^~~~~~7 4-7.6 ~- -- - 1? -^ ^ ^ "r- r\ ^ '\ i' NV\N^ \^ 4'76 494^ l^ % ^ o ^ _ ~ 6 ~]r -^ ^ fi /// ^ - - ' ^ - ^ - - " - - 1 - ' - X^ ^^ ^ 4-7 4^ ^ T * 7Fi - %.,: " ^B ^ '---- ^ _ _ * E O P,. _, __ T _ " wu^^^^ c/-^ *T^ / ^ < ~^i /^ '' ^ \s.i ii. ). 4el'! ~1 \\\\^\ J< \^ ^ ^ ^T? //^/TSS^ ^ ^//- ^ ^^". z -- - -- -- - -* --4Z - \\^^\^^~~4 Age J^ ^- ^ ^ ^ ~' - - - 7 ' ~ 7 * Vw^^/^5^-^W ^/ ^^s 3 g ^3 '. ~ rT ^~rir486',-^ ^ Is.?/ 486^^^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^^^^^^ / ~ "^- --^^-^ a-iS^ B--a~ &~ ss^is L^> ^. Title: Waukazoo Holland Twp.; Eastmanville Polkton Twp.; Evanston Park Holland Twp.; Drenthe Zeeland Twp.; New Groningen Holland Twp.; Port Sheldon Beach Olive Twp. Keywords: C. W. Straight; Post Av.; Forest Ave.; M. A. Willeveen; E. B. Vanden Brink; R. De Weerd; Geo. Chritophole; J. C. Everett; J. Mersen; Beechwood Ave.; Part of First Add. To Waukazoo; Griffiths Ave.; E. S. Rice; Second Add.; Maplelawn Ave.; Chicago Ave.; Gage Ave.; Washington Ave.; Michigan Ave.; Park; First Add. To Waukazoo; Oakwood Ave.; Part of Original Town of Waukazoo; Maple Walk; Norwood Ave.; Pine Creek Bay; Elm Ave.; Forest Ave.; Linwood Ave.; Everett Ave.; Marquette Ave.; Roosevelt Ave.; Jefferson Ave.; Hamilton Ave.; Ilinois Ave.; Hazel Walk; Iowa Ave.; Chene Du Lac; Black Lake; Original Town of Waukazoo; Hotel Reserve; No. 1 Hotel; First Sub.; Dock; P. J. Myers; S. Vandermeer; School; G. M. Wells, Estate; Fifth St.; Fourth St.; Henry Flagel; Galen Eastman’s Add.; Third St.; Second St.; Original Town; Money St.; Hopkins St.; Kenyon St.; Spring St.; Church St.; Cemetery; Thomas Heffron; School St.; School District; S. F. Smith; Wells St.; River St.; T. O’Hearn; Hefferan’s Sub-Div.; Church; Van Patten; Grand River; Ferry; Mypes, Howell & Shaw; Dewey Ave.; Pine Ave.; Norwood Ave.; North Shore Dirve; W. F. Smith;T. K Webster; Lakeside Ave.; Macatawa Bay; Drenthe Canning Co.; John Ter Haar; A Deming; C. Verhulst; R. DeVries; H. E. Spiker; Dr. A. J. Brower; Geo. Bredeway; H. Wegger; G. Kreilhof; J. Kamps; P. Van Dershick; Mrs. Kreithof; Mrs. Meyer; H. Mosselink; M. Lanning; G. Boerman; G. Fis; C. Verholst; Mrs. Yntema; J. Klomp; R. Kamps; W. Wynhues; Richard Hunderman; D. & R. Hunderman; School; Church; B. Ter Haar; J. Kuiper; B. B. Jeckel; J. Vandploeg; J. Vanvoorst; A. Brinks; Berend Sterkin; Pere Marquette R. R.; G. Huizenga; Zeeland Brick Co.; Grand Rapids Holland & Chicago R. R.; Burning Shed; H. V.; A. V.; Mrs. L.; Geritt Ter Have; John Poest; Jacob Poest; Wm. Demmer; Henry Goertm; Zeeland Plat; J. Paulus; Grand Rapids, Holland & Chicago R.R.; John Derks; New Groningen; N. Skipper; E. Bolman; Dina Westvelt; E Ter Have; B. Gelders; A. Westenbroek; E. Bolman; J. Derks; H. Middlehoek; E. G. Bolman; Dina Westveld; A. Alting; G. J. Huizenga; Albert Kamp; C. Elgersma; T. R. Van Wert; Lake Michigan; Lake Ave.; Park Ave.; Athletic Park; Woodlawn Ave.; Lake Michigan Beach; Ottawa Trail; Montello Ave.; Park; Pigeon Lake; Glenwood Ave.; Glenwood Park; Dale Ave.; Hazel Ave.; Michigan Ave.; Arbutus Ave.; Beechwood Ave.; Lakeside Park; Evergreen Reserve; Bert Riemersme; Lake Ave.; Pottawattamie Ave. Note: Center Sec.

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Page  42 42' ___.'.' P 0. Ayi] OB NO 4f-5- 0.OPR8V | t - B~^ w*-f *~~~~~~ B* -- -- c OK O T P ^^^ -.^ ^____________Afe___ ^^fs> 4c /a 77/'' 0' 172P.. \,,. ~ ~g - --- ~ W i -- - -- --- - - -- --- --', Mr.C ^ ^. ^ ^^ ^^^,^ * J \ -- -~--~~~ r ~~\* /~ "A42 ^^^ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 2ý in r^^^.: /~ ^^^ ~. ^; ^.^ ^-y ' ________^ -^ --y^7cy P~e c^ --------------------- ^ - -B^ ^ ^B8 T. ~ P. I~ N Gf cm.- ---- -... jQe -. - o^ _ ~^-- ---_f _ - _______ ^__-- ---- -----Ito7 via^P ^ a ^ I.-.1. S^ J.: ^.. 7y /z^ - to t.rrca ^ 12-.y^ /* ^ f - - - - _ ~ '^.^y ^ ^ - --; a,. ' 'jF^J~~~~~~~~~c 'u ^ ^Z. * 0/I ^ ^--__-- 1 ~~~ 'L __ j-__ E ^2^|^7^A0 0____-- -^-^----- IV------------. ^--7^ - C6y r'TTT^ Tb^^,^ ~----p\Q n -r-^~~~~~~~~- co*t-^" Sr^ /////^-*^y/%:--- ^ Title: Coopersville Polkton Twp.; Robinson Robinson Twp.; Jenison Georgetown Twp. Keywords: E. A. Stewart; Mrs. O. Beers; Arthur Kendall; Mrs. J. Randall; M. Mosier; Henry Ferguson; Mrs. Chas. Noble; W. Rice; Melvin Stamp; Wm. Rice; S. D. Hutchins; Lewis Turner; Eugene Austin; N. H. Kasabain; Perry Cooper; Fred Hicks; Bert. Letson; E. Knowlton; Nancy Pierce; Bert Letson; E. L. Washburn; H. Hull.; Spring St.; Reynolds Add.; Mrs. Louis Thomas; H. D. F. Gaffin; T. Hart; Ottawa St.; A. A. Irish Est.; W. R. Cusick; Wm. Runyan; Gove St.; Free Meth. Church; Treloar’s Sub-Div.; C. Ives.; C. P. Lillie; Deer Creek; Keegan; David Lillie; A. C. Davis; Wm.; Grieve; Mary Kelso.; Fred Hicks; John Gross; R. Reynolds; Park St.; Levi Stamp; Thos. Watson’s Add.; Watson St.; A. C. Ellis Add.; E Bache; Mrs. Jas. Fitzpatrick; W. S. Detric Est. Citizens Tel. Ex; Office; Mechanics St.; Albert Cournager; A. Wolvercon; C. J. Hovey; Vill. Of Coopersville; W. A. Nixon; Mrs. Jas White; Geo. Lane; E. Buck; Mrs. M. Sherman; E. Lawton; C. P. Lillie; A. C. Davis; Mrs E. C. Griffin; P. R. Verill; Mrs. Burns; Mrs. J. Hamilton; G Haas.; Wm. Grieve; J. B. Lillie Est.; Mrs. Mary Kelso; John Babcock; Eliz. Wiley; Mrs. Averill; E. F. Tuxburg; H. J. Lake; F. Bardswelt; John Gross; P. M> Fletcher; H. J. Lake; Fred Bardswell; Main St.; Grand Rapids, Grand Haven & Muskegon RY.; John Rankins; Grand Trunk R. R.; Danforth St.; Mill; Frank Holmes; A. E. Bonner; Barney Lubben; Observer Office.; C. DeVos Chas. N. Nye; G. R., G. H. & M. Ry; I. O. O. F. Hall; Depot; Reserve; Post Office; Church St.; M. E. Church; A. R. Vanallsburg; M. E. Churhc; Wm. Stiles.; Clara C. Lillie; C. P. Lillie; F. Hedges; Mrs. Maud Lawton; H. Schaffer; Mrs. B. F. Treat; S. McLellan; P. Reed; Mrs. Storrs; Arthur Austin; A Noble Est.; J. B. Lillie Est.; Bert Norling; W. McKee; M. Laubengayer; Miner Lawton; E. F. Tuxbury; A. Muzzall; D. Deming; Wm. Morehard; E. H. Nixon; S. Rogers; Wm. Noble; Hosmer Earl’s Add.; Street Held in Reserve; Lincoln St.; G. W. Danforth’s Add.; James Cilley; Creamery; Coal Yard; G. L. Root; H. J. Heinz Pickle Co.; Silas Hunter; Mrs. Smith; H. H. PenHave; R. D. McNaughton; Village of Coopersville; Pumping Station; O. Noble; School; U. Averill; M. L. Hudson; Mrs. Wilson; O. G. Maxfield; Eastmanville St.; Mrs. Scott; O. G. Maxfield; C. Blankenburg; A. C. Muzzall; Mrs. Wood; J. Shroeder; C. F. Tattu; Mrs. H. Jackson; B. O. Goodrich; Mrs. R. Nixon; Myron Griger; Frank Hobness; F. E. Ballard; E. W. Peck; John Rodman; Chas. Smith Est.; A. C. Muzzall; S. E. Hosmen; John Johnson; Zara Averill; Eunice Averill & Irene Hill; John Lubben; A. C. Muzzall; H. Laug Sr.; Mrs. Carpenter; Wm. Mines; John Newland; John Lubben; Randall St.; M. A. Taylor; S. Ball; Madison St.; G. Taylor; D. Vand Allsburg; A. Van Nette; Mrs. Wm. Plott; Geo. Loug; Clarence Letson; A. C. Muzzall; Mill St.; J. Morrison; Vill. Of Coopersville; Corneal De Kiepp; B. Harling; J. Morrison; Chas. Smith Est.; Jos. Webber; Wm Slootmaker; Zara Averill; Herbert VanKoevering; W. H. Tabler; School; Ju. Selhe; John Shire; Chas. Brems; Clark St.; Post Office; J. Brems; Todd St.; Eastman St.; Reed St.; Barnard St.; Whitney St.; Art. Brems; M. E. Church; John Brems; Harris St.; S. E. Baker; John De Puit; G. Northouse; Matt.; Alberdus; M Alberdus; H. Mackus; L & L Jenison Co.; Rush Creek; Original Town; School; Grand Haven Road; Maple Ave.; Factory St.; Main St.; Church; Parsonage; Lucas Vanderveen; Jenison’s Add.; Pine St.; Hiram Ave.; River Ave.; Store; Hotel; Mill St.; P. O.; G. R., H. & C. Elec. Ry.; Pere Marquette R. R.; Power Plant; Beech St.; Nick VanStatt; Main St. Note: Section Corner; Section Center

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Page  46 te^ffA^^^ -^ <^ r^-o^ ^o ybiA\. -iw r\ ** * * --^/^^^t------------------------- ^ --- ^^11^-- --- -^ ^ ^ ^. * 9&! "' ^ -^- * if..--,, ^ [^^___r- II @ v Is ' ^^//.^ Lri. S. s iLl-X^^r^^ =R =t=- S ____ _______ 2S ~ S 6,s rtT^^jiL^ Vi-s-^ ^ * ~ --- -------- I. ^ 111^, t/giohd l^^'^^^^^^lErlEEj ~0 ' $ e^^^^ g "S^-rl 1^'?.-^^^^ ~^. \ml^^ ^ ^!___^-..~.~.-... s4 /c^t-^ -A-^ x^ f ^ ~? ^ Av //^f^^ r^r~ t w ' s c^ ^ \ / ^ S g N ^ 0 / ^/ S S< ^.^^ ^\^^ / S^ '^-//*^7 S ^ 5 ^ S^ ^. ^1 i. ^^ i---l---)---i---i------ X FN ---:J ' ^ ^ ^ '*-.. ^ _ t/.^^ y. ^ _________I ^ >~^/ ^ ' c\./v./ ^ ^i y/ ~ -^ -/ * y ___.. *^ ^.^. ^tfCZen^ _ ~:'*.,, ^ 6W^~=W. ' >^.^<-^^<-r^;^.l ^OA^ J^^t ^\7^^<?^ ~___ * _________,____ '* * ' ' *' "vv ** * * ': SS.~~0 * ' * ' * '---*'-----l------I *-B---------- * ' ** _____, '.. '. /*f:~>C> \ ^. '~*" ~~----------- ____________ ____;" o__ /r/i?^l///fZ/A/ A VE.": *. '. ".,.^^^^^^^""^"^^---^^^----^---^-^-^-T.^ --T ^. 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S^-^ ^^.~. '.^^^Y ^ - nz1^-!-^^^.^.L_ -.e>Ss:'" s ^S:' * ^^^ ^^^^^^ ~6.. ^I^__sc^^ ^^bst "~~- I ^iWr^ ^ ^ - * ^^^ -^f^^ ^^^^o^^'<j ^ -^_^^-.^^^?. s^^---l^"^-' - - ^^i^i?^S^ $ /f.^^ rgg^ ^^ "! " c^^^ ^ Q&^ - - ~: 0.5^ s.. ^ ^ 7-^- y^ r^ -^ fc _^_^Q^^^-rsr- ^i.^ -^-b'T""''^^ ~ fei a 0 --- -- ^ \. r^ -s (\< /.ff^e>reiw 'ft P<ye'af ~j~Z~~------ ^ '? S ^ * ____ '!_ 's i.c\ ^ M K.. ^ s " ^ *~ " 0 i^- * a^^^^E ^^2^^!^-.;^^' ^ihT-s ^--^^w^ ^____________ ___________ ____: d|~t.L^.jL^iJj.21Sg^ ^j^^^^^^^" iL_ 0 nv sse ^e ^j^--*s ^ ^.. - ^ " *" - ^ <0 ^ ^...>fe^_ ^1-. ^ ^^/v^ ^/-^^_^>^^p d_^^z^w^ ^^. i^y^J- - *:d%.^r -^ *g-^ ^^g^- ^ -ffT;^/-^ * tj g --;'.. -____ * -- '[".'. -SZ^ ** \ ---~1 "" *.-----------*----------^*; ' n ^ ^:--T7?"-~---^Tsr--s":'! * 'hi 2'y'7^*---5"y7 w^J l^^p^-2 /*irJ^;. /3J' - ^<AJ7< J y', a/< ^o^--^-: -] "T ' -T Tl, ^--- ^-l^^ > I. MI^T^-^II ^. t ^ 1 1,\ \^s^ira^w~osc^ $ s^e^.-r-\---- S=---- --^- ^ co. * -: ht ^'"~^ [~ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^;; ^ " __ 1S&,____^,. ^.^- ^*M.' k, ^ 0 ' ^y6 ---<==>------* ---------^ ^: M ^ - 3-^- l>i ------------_J---------.g^ - ^ $ ^ * S;^.~.--- S?^ ^ Q "' 3, *______;?c^4-A*. '" V^ Z * ~ Oi. v# ^ ' \^%/%1.,, t^" * f'." ""* *: '**" '. ^"'Itt^ fS r\ I s ~*> -------!'------- \..-.: '''. *^W/'A^ ~.. -. Si, ~ K,; rsak-S Q ^ C\ ci.s2 ------- ----.-- __--_-_-------_ g------- s us ~> *' ii V.y Is " *3 I. ^/-sM ^Q/^ e-^^Bosc/f ^: ^:, ^ ^ ^ -, ^ ^ * ej^^.'^. >?,^ *". 0 *3 % [--_________f____ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^-^-k-0 ~ ^ i;" o ^ftr^---- Oi ' ---------------j--- * *__________________ _* *_______________ i m "____^ ^ \ Ul k y" K ' s |; cz ^~^~ ^, ~ ', ^ ^ ^ j_ ^ Tj ^ a r ^. ^o^^^ r^r<,ew^y.-----"----- --~'- 'v: ^ ^ 1^7 ' i^^? X _J_ 5 ^-_z^---^- -^---^-%: r. a -^r---^^^^F^-.: o ^ -~,? ^ -o;. ^ ^l^y^^7^. _____________. ^ ^ /7 7 ~ c^c^-^v^:. \^^ ^T^^ ^^../ ^:^p: /i /4 FITZBJ^ i. I it: / ^1 /*' I,, * - \ '".^-.i^^l.^^^ n^-:^^ /:. ^ * x^ 1 V / \ / \-.3^/. ^ $ -?,^ ^ ^ ^^-^ ^ ^ ^^ ^~^~ ^^ *'1 0^' * ^ p^-.L--^- ^ L- /== ___ ___ ^_. ___ ^ ^ t- o ^.- -*-^;^-h ^ ^ l ' ^^^Z.,... ^^ ^, ~__^_ * -T^J^.^: ^ ^ t ^^. _ ^ __ ^ ^- ',.--^to,?^ ^ ___j_______^____.- ___ / ^' ^. C^/V^-A^/^^.^y ^^NWA^ ^_____ __-^^d. ^^.^^^l__. S '""" ^JS,^^Q^ ' ' ^.. ^ "-->"?r" 1j S ^" '** ---*--^^^^- -^-TT--^\ -----; ^S7L----.. [^.^z-otuej- '.. ^ ~ "0 ^ '.? ^ -, T r x i\ /" CL. r\ T^ Q ------ ' GI ^ ^ R<^^) l.. <". * * - -1 l \, ^' &- -^}' -^^ /"^^^. ^n --------KA- - ^ ^ - ^.i ^ *^ y, - ' --*------'-------- --------*--------- ----------------^ ---^. |%j^ ^ 0> ^ 3\ ^ ^ Ou ( t.. 8 A'6-, '.!"-"-\ ^ '^: ^ ^ * *1 ^ \. ' S[______________" / '!t! _- f^tg i---* I \ ^?' ^ r~^5?'TTi 111 pm^ ' '; * ^^^_---^r'i^ s ^ tl{]\ I' ^,, '*^.J..;^ M M a> 0 ~i ci % ^.(,,;> c--- ___________ *,__________ '<,_____ N~----3;------ V^-. 7\ L\ ^ ^3 ^.' t/f^;??<?^:.2^K ~ -~ ^ v., ^ k S 2 5 ^, *, ------ ------ ---^sr-.s.--^--^ '5?^y\\\ ^ N ^i -r.^------7-____-... - ^ L_-^-. ^^.\\\ ^ ^ 0 l//:^^^^^^^^:^^^^-^^--:^-c,-----^ -: ^^va ^ __Jj^y^<^; ^0^^ ___..^ ^.- 0. ^.^.x 0 " J ^. ^-,^^^^^_^\p, ___...,.;., __ l: V^) B/^o^^njqr *,,.,,--,;. is,, ^i^^.i *i **r i ** **r- r ^s^~.^iss^ ^ '* ' >" "^U ' ' ' ~ ~3^ I^rjl | |lTk' ' I j I T^ ^ ^ '^iy - - - - ^ o. ^3^. ^ ^\'\y\ ":-.*b<T7---L_. ^^^s^.^s ^,^^ ^^^1^11^ _____?. ^^ b ^ S^ \| < f/ -L_ ------------, ^^J 5 ^jli" ^i ^ *^ ^ ' '1 ^ ^^ \1\ '.? j ^ _j...........:... <. _i^r^'h.- -1-^^ ^. ^"s ^fi? ' 'S t N *. m ^ ^--- ^Gi ^ f< ^ ^ ^ o -c (b ^ ^ ^ ^ v '^ _ l~3^--:--. *fe''--- -- p\ r-i r^ \ 1^\ ^ ^ ---. *: ^. TY- ^s-__ ___^___a-i-,..8 * ^ I [ ^ \\\ _^__t^A/ L. \,^ Sr --- ^ _Cf)jg^^ 0 ST. ^ | -4*^Q-^el'^ \H,.... ^ ^ * ^' ---n I I I i I l^k ' Ir^- '5s ^ ""'*; ^ ^:; ^^^^ \^\ *1 ':>-^- --. ^) sef^. ^ > "--;* ^. (^s -. -r-^-^ * n\. ^ i *" ca^ ~, ^ s - o> M ^ ^.,. <~T<^^ cT'T^rT y ' '*" " ti * fs8' -: b3 * '., \ \\ ' ^ ^t -LJ^IL-- y^gg^j^^ i Si i^ % b N - *^ K^Atsy. I -"^--f^ /f^ ^^W 5 S 1 V^ k I? ^ ~2^^~~^-,;7^-4.:: ' -~"- ^ ^ \\\? '^iss L-J ~ * l ^ ^ '__^ ___.---i-^i-. \\\ ^ 2 n ^ rT\ '\ y\ ~. ^.u^ ^^.^ ft^^.^^^ ^.^ \\\ ~ ~ ^.^ ^ \ Q - (h.1 1.1 tta~~sA,- *.......>*~ */^ i' i \\\. ^, n\ Y3 l J k. ^ ^r. ^? ^'5^0/v/s/o/^ sr. \j \\\ N ^ ^ ^~SB^ ^3 ^ * ^ecuwse^. ^. ~~^ ~.. \ *' -~t5, \. \\\ T\ ' ' S^ J-i _^.___..._^^J1_^^_^.^ ^ ^ ^kL^.,^. -. ^^^idi^---^ ' ^ ^ ^ ^^ ^., ^F-^-^-T'f^^^^^___ ** ^^ \ \ \V\ 0) S. ^ L ^ *a ' -^ *.^ht=-^^^s -i^^ ^ ^ ^\ ^ -^ r "l ^ -^-~-------^:^5l::----2 i. ^ c \\\ ^ 'Y. s-^-^^s'?:?-^'^^-,^.^^^^ * ^.\S\: Q,1^ '\ L__-_^.____li Zl5^^^ -** ' ^ \\\ k ~. \^^ ^ * ^ ' LJ~-OO^^ ^'-- *"/t"1 '.^^'J V\\ ^^^ S *^. s ^H-^^^4^sFnjn^^^.-^;. ' \\\ ^*^^-j ^:: Title: Herrington Wright Twp.; Pigeon Lake Resort Olive Twp.; Reno Wright Twp.; Zeeland Zeeland Twp. Keywords: F. C. Purdy; F. Rosegrant; J. Ford; A. Gillett; G. H. Burlingame Est.; Center St.; P. O. Herrington Est.; Grand Rapids & Indiana R. R.; Elevator; Depot; J. Gillett; Wm. J. Sivers; M. Gillett; Main St.; J. Kelly; G. Gillett; Nick Holman; Vinewood Ave.; Highland Ave.; . M. Schafield; Earl Johnson; Forest Ave.; Forest Park; T. R. Van Wert; Fern Ave.; Lake Road; Park Reserve; Cedar Walk; Cherry Walk; Pigeon Lake; Leslie Stark; H. H. Essner; Ed. Starks; First St.; Depot; Grand Rapids & Indiana R. R.; Ben Bauman; J. & J. Poets; Roosevelt Ave.; Schilleman’s 2nd Add.; C. De Young; De Jonge’s 2nd Add; Moeke’s Add.; L. Schoemaker; Wm. Nagelkirk; John Schout; J Jansen; West Park Add.; Garfield Ave.; Schilleman’s Add; Oak St.; L.Kool; C. Raak; P. Bouwma; F. Hendrikse; John Poest; Franklin Ave.; Lincoln Ave.; McKinley Ave.; Jefferson Ave.; Central Ave.; Colonial Ave; Michigan Ave.; Ottawa St.; W. P. Lamer; Schilleman; G. Wederveld; P. Kraak; M. J. Dekker; P. Rookus; De Jonge Add; J Giebel; Q Huyser; Johannes De Pree; Gerrett Brusse; Ply and Buwalda’s Add; J. Van Welt; L. Kruid; D. Brumme Est.; Pere Marquette R. R.; Henry Goertz; Wm. Demmer; Colonial Mfg. Co.; G. Moeke & Sons; Washington St.; C. De Koster; G. Moeke & Sons; H. Kouw; Mich. Star Furniture Co.; P. M. R. R. Co.; G. Vis; Mrs. Coburn; H. Kastanje; G. Moeke; N. Timmer; F. Huzzenga; Mrs. Langeus; A. Vanderpels; State St.; Reserve; Depot; Washington St.; Zeeland Fuel & Lime Co.; J. DePree; Ailing’s Add; H. J. Heinz Co; Wichers Bros.; G. Van Hoven; Phoenix Cheese Factory; Grand Rapids, Holland & Chicago Ry.; J. Van Duine; J. M. Butler; J. Spyker; Mrs. Wabeke; J. D Koster; Jas. Cook; J. Van Gelderen; A. Vereeke; Mrs. D. Poest; H. Derks; P. Ver Lee; J. Vogteveen; J. Bouwens; J. Meyering; H. Derks; K. Lahuis; J. A> Bareman; A. Bouwens; J. & W. Poest; H. VanDuk; G. DeBoer; Keppel’s Add.; North St.; Bank; P. O.; C. De Jonge; Water Platn; Centennial St.; J. P. DePree; Der Hage Mill Co.; B. Van Roylte; E. B. ;A Kampen; H. Karsten; S. Brouwers; J. J. DePree; J. Komijan; A. Van Hoven; Moeke’s 2nd Add.; B. Wiersma; P. Braumer; V. Zoeren; Moeke; Glenrum; F. Boorstra; Pine St.; F-R., H, & C. Ry; R. T.; T. V.; A. V.; A. C. W.; J. P.; W. Wischer; M. B.; J. B.; J. Vereeke; H. Derks; R. T. H. Est.; C. K. Bareman; P. V. D. B.; Van Norden Est.; A. Kaper; P. VanKlasen; C. Krisper; Poest; P. V. D. B.; E. B.; S. G.; E. H.; J. H.; A. H.; A. C. W; Lage; L. K.; E. Henry; J. H.; L. P.; P. O.; E. G.; F. K.; K. B.; L. Kool; J. Glerem; W.; Marg Tromp; J. B.; J. M.; M. T.; Mrs. Verlee; T. Van Den Brink; N. Timmer; J. Shoemaker; Second Refom Church; North St. Church; Central St.; Bank; Church; 2nd Reform Church; Park; Centennial St.; School; Original Town; Vandenburg’s Add; W. Vandenburg; W. Wichers; Park St.; Division St.; Central Ave.; Sanford Ave.; Highland Park Add.; A. C. Van Hees; John Borenee; B. Gelders; A. Westenbroek; L. Brouwer Est.; L. Schoenmaker; West St.; South St.; Elm Ave.; Church St.; R. Brummel; J. VanGelderen; J. D. Werkman; W. Wichers; I VanDyke; Faber; W. Heasley; W. Depree; J. Werkman; M. L.; J. De Vree; H. Wichers; East Park Add.; Wall St.; Lincoln St.; Woodlawn Ave.; Goodrich St.; Southeast Height’s Add.; Jacobus Voss; G. J. Huizenga; Line Between Holland & Zeeland Twps.; South St.; G. Lage; J. Zimmer; Mrs. Hierftje; Mrs. Noordhef; J. P. Harigerin; H. Van DeBunte; P. Hoeue; W. Heasley; J. Shoemaker; C. DeJonge; G. J. Nykamp; R. Steffens; Mrs. A. Van Den Bosch; J. Van Dorre; J. Van Voeuering; G. Oelman; Cemetery; L. Stoel; C. Rosendaal; J. DePree; J. Elenhaa; L. Brower; J. & D. DePree; Peck St.; M Kotte; R. DeHoon; J. Poest; Buwalda’s Add.; Broadway St.; A. Vankley; C. Vandenbosch; P. Vandenbosch; J. Mecuwsen; Lincoln St.; D. Bolier; A. C. Van Hees; J. O.; J. Osterbaan; H. Vredeveld; L. Schnittema; J. Karper; Jan Rozema; J. Boller; J. Jekel; Thos. Keppel; A Jansen; Peck St.; J. Klamer; Rich St.; L Huyser; J. B.; G. Vis; L. Huyser; J. Schipper; C. Van Der Velde; G. Lubbas; J. W. Note: Sec Cor; Quarter Cor

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Page  49 4f 42. 40 (P. CIO Jl% 44t 10700 2VOAzj ýT ýog"R,4 Nhol //V ar.3.9 3,9 J74 Atk 0 R so 7iQ.999 -0ý& elf 0 *. fa s 0 tIlZcI f 0JV Jccle,'SCO"rV-T-/-k-r~c. 61 670Z_7 yzrs*'2J2 t 4f~9on 7NJ ycz.ca tnct itrn ZCA lilt, 0* fv~s ________ ~ ~. - ~. - ~.-66 49N K 00> -ZOO Jo~n ~aw/c m Al Title: Berlin Wright Twp. Keywords: A. Wells; J. Bingham; J. Salton; W. Zacharius; T. Weaver; A. Wells; H. Spoor; S. D. Marvin; A. E. Shimmel; C. Hines; B. Haas; J. O’Hearn; W. Shimmel; Mosher & Woodward; Main St.; D. Decker; J Murphy; Norton’s Add; M. L. Hatch; Grand Trunk R. R.; R. R. Grounds; J. Lillibridge; W. L. Norton; P. Cole; Original Town; Franklin Ave.; J. Doyle; Depot; L. A. Cole; Creamer; P.O.; Jackson St.; Church; Bank; Washington St.; C. Markham; J. Steketee; C. Danforth; Livery, Feed, Hay etc.; Tom Elmey; J. Watson.; H. Zwers; Robert Yerington; Water St.; Garage; Hotel; Ray Carpenter; Ed. Burns; P. Deen; Arch St.; A Lillibridge; H. Shawl; Z. Lillibridge; J. Kelly; J. T. Dayton; G. Gillespie; E. C. Greiner; Mrs. Wells; Joseph Miller; Wm. Hanna; Geo. Burch; John Garter; E. C. Greiner; H. O. Collon; Geo. Edge.; N. Mickham.; G. W> Decker.; C. Brown; State St.; T. R. Rood; Hawley’s Add; Maple Ave.; Wm. Walsh; Tom O’Hearn; Wm. McDonald; John Dean; Mrs. Walcott; Joe Bannoski; School; GR. GH. & M. Ry.; G. R., G., H., & M. Ry. Property; John Hawley Note: Line Between Wright & Tallmadge Twps

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Page  51 I VIRIESLANTI-P. 0. Sc 0aze 6 0 0 N. - 7in CA.72. C. ler Wage 24. 25 03 N ~ V. C A?00 C. 5, -J 5~ Q. tD - - ___ -. - a/ NJ j jiPVnts 17.7e 0% NC K t C-' 6 -57 ý7 API & 432%.611 12 213 11-~16 _271o660 GA1/ r-. I S;7 57 '9 4321 t zle11 101,/C -.1- 17 I1ye 19I:1O 25! L6 ki K V& -/'Vo-erai-' ff a 74? P oon.5oe4'o ~ Mfnl00 Jr LTrt 26 (C) 5 o oob262 7/6' 6a A 1-- 70-,5i" 7fefzord C-un ~0 -r-Z o Z _.6 Z7 Z5_Z4_Z-5 _6 1' L7 6/6,6341 ____ 57z- /30 I e1- cry JI7C /12 CC. Ee.. C. Jo/n Cn$z en. /8,00 e 75.62 2 7 Ienrs. 1200c Z7 F Cl'c77cJz.ryY V/s. 7(222 v9yAc. 267a 'ao0 lo2-,z r,,- '20Zn ' Foirest%21 TUI vuOh 4'--''''./F. 00-5. ' 'o X4~L/ 9RJFNotfro V C\ C. -,Yap 9.4)0 NJ A) C-17 Jo ca Ye- 4CCf 0 ta bh/?n Ft,7cyell 31 H'n-2 CO 449O 1/ I I Q-) VA Vi. AI0 ~ r1-1P. ell.rc, * at' Cl #. S zl.- sr {s 2 / r p' 63.) - ZS kro O2,P M4 (ee y r~/Yo 2/s/ae Z7 "se 6 - - G ~666 LEEc &r o --i -Ai 1 1 r., t44fr~, 62 1$ K to cJ.Rlay.300 0 UDroIQ2 -C270zz17c JuClz~cc 4-1 U,51<S.iCG&j I )..V -1 24 9 r -rj,-V- - -- 1 4 1 f. (C.,WVs7ov EEl JIIIR tO "S a av. - 746 oz.t S Pci/n 7?ag-c/-I I 0 ~ ~00 mi-6 I I a I a i a a a 2 1 1 1 0 f a I i I A I I a i I - * 00W n... ra a.,d A..otwnoon.j.'&tj (0) tO Ocij K / 0 - JV4'- (hp a tr Jr 2 ~). I. or06zz 30 66 acres 1% flaPS SF - - - -r5Z - JMESTOWN -4AAL&Y''O-WN ZWVP 9.-Op ItoP1 A, 9 AS B9 Si'- j 7/Lg9elVeerct So-so. Z12eooSy. Cootneloicos 'sVeoo/eroo eli'! 'pie..q3 Sol (b A * I - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ---lit. ____________ t0.- I -=ý- )Y '1J, ZC 1Km. Hr o 1C222 a s roc% a. Gleas 022 __.cz-r-. -'--A________________ Title: Allendale Allendale Twp.; Vriesland P. O. Zeeland Twp.; Forest Grove Jamestown Twp.; Bauer Blendon & Georgetown T's; Jamestown Jamestown Twp.; Hudsonville Georgetown Twp.; Nunica Crockery Twp. Keywords: A. Scott; Gerril Krieker; J. Van Huizen; P VanHuizen; Churhc; E. Latham; Gifford Bennett; J. J. & C. E> Wolbink; Granger Hall; B. Lenimer; N. Bennett Et.; C. Zeerip; J. J. Wolbink; C. E. Wolbink; Mrs. Cormstock; J. Cantreall; W. Bennett Est.; J. Swanson; Mrs. Knapp; M. Hicks; Dr. Presley; H. Stenens; O. Wolbrink; H. Knowton; Town Hall; G. L. Hicks; F. Vellhuis; D. C. Ver Hage; A. De Vree; T. Van Hartsma; C. Vander Baan; Church; J. De Hoeve; D. Tanis; H. Roek; J. Den Herder; A. G. Van Zoeren; H. J. Van Hartsma; H. W.; Wm. Borst; Wm. De Grost; Shop; H. Bootsma; D. Tanis; Vriesland Creamery; A. Faber; S. Yntema; P Schuchard; G. Koster; R. Miebaam; Parsonage; D. Smalligan; J. Smalligan; J. M. Woodard; W. Van Dam; School; J. Van Dam; J. J. Nyenhauis; E. H. Bok; M. J. Van Brankhorst; A. Karsten; E. Vanderwall; Aaron R. Bos.; L. Pickaart; Peter Smalligan; A. Van Koveren; A. Vander Wall; M. T. Van Bronkhorst; G. Hop; Geo. M. Woodruff.; L. B. Wilson; Church; Wm. Wilson; Claus Behrens; Mw. E. Hoos; Feed Mill; Store; Mrs. M Schribner; Geo. Reister; Creamery; Chris. Ref. Church; W. M. Church; John Behrens; A. Ludwig; Joe Shag; Mrs. J. Shag; B. Wilson; A. Ludwig; Thos. Bowerman; N. B. Wilson; F. N. Schnlmeister; F. B. Wollston; Geo. M. Wilson; Blendon Twp.; Georgetown Twp; Dr. S. Tacama; A. Sandberger; J. Van Der Koot; A. Bowman; N. L. Dekline; Elevator; Zagers Store; N. & L. Dekline; R. Struik; H. Van Noord; Store; Church; Parsonage; S. Dukstra; Church Property; Henry Bowman; Grand Rapids, Holland & Chicago Elec. Ry.; H. Dekline; Pet. Takker; Dr. D Longing; H. Dean; R. B. Stillwell; A. Whitney; R. B. Stillwell; J. Rice.; Mar. Faber; Blacksmith Shop; Wm. De Baar; Wm. Dykstra; Hotel; Gr. R. Brew.; R. J. Bradeweg; J. H. De Weerd; De Vries; Cornelius Nederveld; J. Buwalde; H. Kiel; C. Spoolman; Spring St.; H. Ringerwold; Wilbur’s Add.; Oak St.; Elm St.; School St.; Main St.; Hdw. & Lbr. Yd.; Post Office; H. Green; P. L. Chamber; Wm. Lenarky; F. L. Chamberlain; J. Decatur; Mrs. H. G. Drew; R. P. Corey; D. Meyers; R. Meyers; C. Spoolman; A Klavetor; G. Grizen; Bank; A. Yonker; Pere Marquette R. R.; Hotel; Depot; Seth Coburn; Livery; Church; O. Edson; I. Y. Burnham Est.; Ben Kiel; Jos. Padmos.; Public School; A. Koenga; M. Conklin; Jos. Kornoelje; Chas. McIntyre; E. J. Barnaby; O. Edson; H. Dearborn; L. Waite; A. Koeniga; Fred McEachron; H. Grizen; A. Klavetor; J. Neusma; Hudsonville Creamery; Heinz Pickle Co.; John N. Waite; Thos. Curry; Frank Whipple; D. Ver Hage; A. Waite; D. De Hage; Mrs. J. Boer; Division St.; Maple St.; Reformed Church; Pleasant St.; Wilson St.; C. C. Corey; Frank Dehart; G. John Grizen; L. E. Giddings; Jno. DeVree; P. Densmore; Koo Koo Timmers; Church Property; Henry Warner; Jas. Van Dyke; M. L. Fritz; North St.; Grand Rapids, Grand Haven & Muskegon Ry.; John Pickett; M. Hines; J. Ray; A. Brown; G. Kinney; W. Moeller; P. Gleason; Pickett’s Add.; Mills St.; Charles St.; Christenson & Co’s Add; J. D. Pickett; Mrs. Moore; Wm. Cornell, Estate; Third St.; Fourth St.; Second St.; Holcomb’s 2nd Add.; M. J. Hines; Crockery Twp; First St.; Harvey; Crockery Twp.; Mrs Moore; J. Pickett; B. Plews; E. Gibbs; J. G. Westover; M. L. French; Church; Chas Jubb; Chas. Hagon; Heinze Pickle Co.; Michigan Ave.; A. Cleason; Detroit Grand Haven & Milwaukee R. R.; Stock Yards; M. Plant; J. Cavanaugh; Adsit’s Add.; Lawton; C. Haas; W. Gray; F. Brown; Holcomb’s Add.; E. Rolinhagen; William St.; Cass St.; Original Town; J. Moore; Henry Ernst; T. Roach; Wm. Carpenter; Wm. Bond; Main St.; Washington St.; Ernst Plat; Kate Scott; J. Douck; Wm. Brown; J. Douck; Ernst St.; O. Gleason Note: Blendon Twp.; Georgetown Twp.

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Page  53 .......................................... (9 Om PVO // OODLA WN A P'':12 A >Re. / 'A/fPAPV ____________________ _______________________ N, t7 0 *3 4 ýDu 00 /00 4p 0 *.*kZ9( I1 03_ o(bg~~~o 05 00ri' i ~ b 42> ~ 0~ 01g Y _O /1-2. g:0[t k v' (0 (D * )~/I~LZSI~ ~. - s~o t cbhn~fnz{ (>4. O& uýuV -.6Cberg, 19 le:rAree Z,\relay-c 111a (D 92YN )%& A~L~W "~ ~ ru ~ 1,41,4j~ 39 2ff. ~ct~~O~ i~r 'c~teti- I II so Z Z.~ y i K0 & t __ _e__ __r_2__ _ ___L 71 _4 0t F 1-20 4f 7.50. *Pp 0 0 1 2Z:.7"(0 39 aoA. C:7 0 M>'~TS t eQ4,eZrv ffc. z e G:o3TczAqi r(f Es'0 9' o -llZ6 osezse V -a 7720__ -3p~7-e4/-- 1h C', ~ _ _ '7 0' 0 V K iN /4/ '7 0s% R 61Z/V ffEES A_ E N'55I N 39 I Lf. A BrVE. ii) p 9% N' N' N' Co N' N' Co N' Ceo crocvrwP1Y Clý A to% A 4N rN I V. 1IV Title: Map of Spring Lake Township; Oak Park Spring Lake Twp.; Sunnyside Spring Lake Twp. 7 N; 8 N 16 W; 17 W Keywords: Muskegon Co.; Stevenson; Henry Swafink; Chas. Ogrin; J. Skinga; Nic Vyn; L. J. Bragg; F. J. Jonker; Lambert Vyn; A. Westerhouse; Brady; K. Johnson; G. Boerkamp; G. Bush; H. Van Ordt; L. DeBoer; Hans Meyer; H. Meyer; K. Heitsma; H. Meyer; B. Stall; C. DeWitt; O. DeWitt; E. Naberhouse; A. Vinstra; A. Kurter; J. Meyer; E. Naberhouse; K. Westernhouse; Ed. Hoffman; Otto DeWitt; School; R. F. D.; Y. John Nusimer; Thos. Bouwma; Wm. Miller; H. Knoll; F. A. Gerhardt; Freda Peterson; Walt Straling; Chas. DeWitt; John Swifney; Fred Dobb; Renzie Bouwma; L. Ninehouse; Jane Feentra; Virgil Trey; W. M. Smalley; Pere Marquette R. R.; M. Luhof; J. L. Buchanan; D. Katt; Jos. Ginter; J. Johann; J. De Vries; G. B. Teunis; J. DeVries; G. Teunis; M. Ruis; F. Boubian; W. G. Pause; Belle Point; Cornelius Bayou; J. G. Stafford; S. Russell; K. Russell; W. Russell; M. E. Whitley; Spring Lake; Stahl Bayou; W. S. Caldwell; P. T. Klingman; E. B. Caldwell; P. J. Ferris; D. R. Walters; F. B. Gidwell; B. Hathaway; Swanson; Nels Bixley; John Krenkel; C. E. Dieke; W. H. Peters; W. H. Bell; Chas. Chralkle; Jas. Winn; L. Snyder; Lake Michigan; D. Vyn & Son; H. G. Schupp; G. Reuiter; R. Bosch; J. DeWitt; A. Niber; DeWitt Bros.; Thos. Boyle; F. Bramer; H. Rosema; R. Slegarbier; J. Bramer; D. Vyn; M. Alferts; H. Kniper; A. Duhof; S. DeWitt; G. Van Ord; R. Raedler; H. J. Ballhouse; D. L. Roberts; K. Ballhouse Est.; H. Yonker; H. Bostelman; Olof Shoq; H. McCune; J. B. Tuttle; H. Bolthouse; E. A. Tusc; C. DeWitt; J. DeWitt; H. Bolthouse; E. DeWitt; G. B. Teunis; Summer Land Park; A. Throp; Ole Dahlman; John Honholt; F. H. Hough; Farnasworth Est.; C. H. Pelison; Anna Selbman; I. B. West; W. Straling; V Kruesenga; J. B. Tuttle; P. Kruezenga; Jas. Frazer; D. G. Alston; Prospect Point; R. Baird; C. E. Hewett; G. E. Cole; G. Blakeslee; Wm. Drake; E. J. Smith; W. H. Depree; W. E. Irwin; John Linn; Hammond Bayou; A. Wagner; J. Slager; C. M. Blakesless; W. H. Drake; J. F. Dykema; Clarence George; Chas. Tobieson; A. Larson; K. Boelens; Alzo Bils; Mary Flotow; C. Tobieson; Savidge, Est.; P. Yuk; R. Vanderwall; L. P. Christenson; Grand Rapids, Grand Haven & Muskegon Elec. Ry.; M. Dykehuis; Band Howard: Ellen Waterman; Ralph & Albert Vanderkolk; John Vyn; H. Rosema; P. Rosema; W. Rosema; H. Rosema; D. G.; W. Houden; J. O. Katt; E. Kuiper; M. Hatt; J. Westhof; Grand River; J. Vanderkolk; D. Cook; J. Westernuis; Ferrysbug; Mrs. J. H. Ferry; E. Kooster; H. Dills; E. Flanders; M. Vanderkolk; P. Ballhouse; A. Fa..d; J. Burnsema; Lakeside; F. A. Gerhart; Sunnyside; A. Bran; H. Ballhouse; Jas. Frazer; Hugo Thum; W. C. Baker Est.; Dock; Geo. Lehman; Cemetery; Riggs; Mrs. Soule; F. A> Soule Est.; H. S. North; L. Wieberg; E. Vos; E. Devries; E. Dinegaf; H. Baals; Frank Cole Est.; R. Bixby; J. Reitsema; John Wierenga R. Vanderwall; K. Knoll; Geo. Taylor; C. C. Warnicke; W. McKruger; H. Hammond; John Staple; A. S. Welton; Henry George; A. White; Chas. E. Soule; John Vyn; Life Savin Sta.; Grand Haven; Johnson & Anderson; Eastman Is.; John Nusimer; Sisson & Lillie; Kreft & Roossein; Peter DeWitt; G. Allen; F. Tasche; Lloyds; Rob’t McLean; G. Klow; H. Vink; G. Boltema; K. Bloem; J. Kovering; P. Vanderwoude; H. Wissink; Jos. Devries; John Karnstra; T. Baker; E. Jannan; E. Foster; G. Stark; S. Falls; Foster; Julius Mielke; R. Kamstl; E. Jannanga; H. Clauson; H. Vink; J. Steinhauser; A. Parkhurst; J. Vink; H. Wagenmaker; E. P. Zuph; J. Kovering; K. Bloem; J. Jananga; G. Wagner; F. Tasche; Williams; A. J. Hale; J. Dreffein; Thos. Brady; H. Jeffers; G. E. & T. J. Nelson; M. Shoemaker; Wm. Rader; T. Hammond; Anthony Quinton; Jacob Young; J. Denny; W. F. Rader; T. Baker; H. Jeffers; School; Kieft & Roossein; Oak Park Plat; M. A. Koures; Jos. Weber; Carl Brandua; L. H. Spreine; O & N Vollner; H. Wells; John Will; Church; Thos. Savidge; Geo. Vollmer; Geo. Young; Carl Brandua; Chas. Werber; W. Wilson; H. Wilson; Dan Gray Est.; C. Wilson; F. Deremo Est.; H. Martin; Eugene Gardner; Derma Bayou; Crockery Twp. Grand Haven Twp.; Geo. Wills; Indian Channel; Eugene Worthing; (Not included in Plat.); E. Jananga; Fern Ave.; Central Ave.; Pine Ave.; Woodlawn Ave.; Shore Drive; Oak Park Ave; J. B. Tuttle; J. Kruezenga; Pleasant Ave.; A. Tusc; Pine St.; Gruenbauer Ave.; Reenders Ave.; Wesley Ave.; A. Brant; Lake View Ave. Note:

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Page  55

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' ^..^?/z?9y^x^/^^ s s-' * * _^__ ^^^^^'ffi^ ^ lt '^'^p^ppc'',/ '^^JY S ^ i75/?^ ^oc? ^7 ^? o<sr'JPf/' 'y ^^" ^-/ /<5> ' oc ~ i3 r^ ^^J *^ot/37^ /y y^^^^y^^/^-"^ / ^^ *^^, // cfM^ ^OdVWT^V^ w~3^ ^^^^ // T s^" Y^ TA^^-T^^nr i- -i- ^ ^^^/.z // u^ \ vjy\ V I -a- --^/ / i&A^r ^k. ^(L- V^^ -Jr ^^ v JL -s-3/ --^--- / / ' '^y *y-^'^/w, ~-- -- ~ ___________________-* *._____/ /__________________________________________^_^_________:_______________________________________ 0^00 ~>^ ^^UP^^Ar. * U'O^') c[M^ _,~__.__.___ ^*^jr^1~:^ ^Al^om]' \ \\\\ N i '- - _ * 08 \~^,, r^th * " <7-y<y o^.-*-^ o^. ^ I'" ^^ ^ ^7l/((\\( 'i, ' ((/ / j fc>t ^?7^ ^-y^-^K'S'. -7^jy y^ ^.^^ ^y^^{ ^y^^^^^^Y; III..IIH..1.1.,,n 11. 11 i S J^7 *; v^^ \ ^.^ ^^c^.^<^gg- ^^ ^^ *Z2^^ j ^7^^^^^^^^ 'I I S^ * ~~->-' \ Q Ml <;'^' <'f Offy ^W^V-^/ ~^ff J<W]j til \ s i \ fe ^ "y^^'T "' ~^ 'KS ^^^^ '^^y^^^^^^ \ * -SO^ ^ % ^ -- ^nS^. ^S- U {. *7- '^ffl./" -^^^^9^ I ^t 9 ^ \ ^ \ \ \ / 'SJ ____^^ ~__^~- r\< v ^^^^^^^, \ ~___ '* _ ^' ^ ____.- ~'_ - -^ _ ^ ^^"^ -f ft J^v 1111 T ------- ----- '- 'S, ____ 1! "f 0 ^1 ^ \ 7V<SVc3-9l'l A",,~ SBS-m 1 >^ * Kf^ i~ *' ~S^V^,SOf7"/ \ f I 0< 5' ^ >< -?' o?- ^~%y- ^ &*" ^ A segytfa W^ v^owor} )^ ^ i^ b^ '^i "gg-ffl* "*^ I I Q----- -----^----- \ \ \ / g'avqw-a-nvw oe>^ ft ^ ^ K r?\^ T?^/'rT <' V^yF'!0^ /is; y ^ ^ j^ '"fSr^-^^ \l h i ^- ^ 6 (J) ^ \ \ \ / *^ */J.^c^a^ZT- ^^^^^Sil^A^ "p^^ ^^l^^5- ^~ 0^ ^^ 1 ~-^3^4-1 -^-\\\ / ^-^ ^ ^^ ~ - r^t^^^^TT^^^^:; ~Ll_ ^ ^,i\\\ / t:^^g=^^--^^^^^fe^ ^^gM^ ^!ZJL^JLZ:^\\/* ^ ^ ^^^^ r^T1'^^^^--^^y^ mu ^ ^ _,,_^^\V ^A.. ~ ___ A~ ^ i^ ^ f^ ^z ^" i -^^ ^ r ^,.. *a^t m\^ \\\\\\ ^ ^- - \^^^ *M ^. ^, 11 ^4^;, \ ^,a *> h^ A ^^*^^, -^.;^^ ^*^.^ ^ S ~^~.7^" * ^ ""'^C' ^^^^'i ^^~^T" -4 ^-[ ^ I--^-i-"^--'^'^'^J t]ii.\\\ ': *~ ^ ^^^ sfy^^P^H -------,. was-'vw n "** ~'5; *1' as *'aw/!ir?*&,t^\7 '"' ''"" \ ^ ^ f Bill,1 ( \'\ 1111 * c " or a ** w >*%. \ ^i & ' -St ^ '^r.^f " * V T * 'iS^,yB Qto2\\ yr/7' \-3- *^-z -y ocurj^v< '^szijjij J i i 1 1 g^x^?^^? ______ ______ 1' ^ ^^AVV i ^:; I s^.1 *. \ ( ^ "^ '^T^ ^ ^ 1 ~^~ ^H^'s, ^^ ^n ^S^^^^i> ^c%. // '. 7j Ul\\i u v! 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" \^ ^~;> ~!~1 U\\\\\l * l\\ l M ^^ ^ y ' \ \ \ S ^ft rPft (>.!s~^ i L" i\ ^^^W-'sysojwff *fe' $) ^yy.s-7- vswtrjc,' -p VOY 'Waoi/a \A-77?7-}/-y ^ -I InnUll In \ \ \ 1 ^".^"f 8 ~' ^ s?' ^- fff 6 vr ^r zz sr yz' fr\ \ \ " (6^ ~p 5^^ to * t>i b^^^ -., ^^i *^ '*VS t3 W^cTs^,-A p^g, \^ 'y '^^U U\ \\ ^ ^ \ \\ ^o'^^1^ E? 01 \o rv R '^i-y6--^Qi? a gs,--- -:--___ ^.^*\ *ez" oor lajug *y,. 'wp.7_yji\\w \\\\; U 1 I' i ^ s_________ __-_. yssz\ \ \ ^.^-X- \ ^S ^;^^ I'' \^77^y^/^^^W ^W^T^--^---- - ' ^A^^^^^^ \\\\\\\\\\ '' *v^ ^ \\\ "'ft. ^ ^yV^'ft:- ^l^^^j'gr' ^N^^rvj^ wv3^ M -zg^^j \_ -^^^?s%^^S: &^ *y-35^ ^ -y^cr '^ \\\ *^^^^*/^ ^^'*^^^ ^^'^J^ S.. ^ ^ g)s ^i ^^5y T^ ^ ^ ^^ " * 'cfAi.j.ss 3-^11 ^10 ~^~ S1 /I ^ *' ^^ '^^ ^ ^1 ^-^\4l ^ \J T^ ~.-Itt^^^^^^^^^^^ nr A TrTr^ T ^rT AA S,:^^^-$-^-; '^w ^g- ^*^ ^___^ ^^^^^1^::^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ j, * Ss,^_g ^ jg ^^^^^^-^^^^ -^5><^ |^gc,.." ^^ -fc-^^-^e 1 Hl^^^^^ ' t q '*Ll.ii ^<^^1'^^^__ ^ fe ^^ -p- ^ ^ ^_ ^^^ ^^'^^^^^ U -SE^^^^vr'i7^^^'^^ ~ ow ^^^^<^^^^ ^^XAB '^^^^^^^[_i ^ 'oysa-\!^^ \.^^^^^S-^ | L T^^A "-'^*^: ^iH fr." fv'^^^^p^j^^^g^^g^^^^^^S^^^*0(?^' ^^gs^j._ ^^~^^^^^^^31 ~fe-g'^ **9*'r-^ ^m^\^^^^^ '^ ^ i^il!!^ ^1 "B""0^" ffi \L^^ S ^ \$^^ S^ ~?^^tf^ ^ ^s ^b SS fi' ^"'" ^3 Ss ^y> rs g-.s *A^A >9-?>~ F^^ =:==^-:2?^w \\\\V^^ ^ ^ \ ^ ^^^^~&=^==2^c^i-;-^rf:e--^--.-^ w^ ^5^ r~i^T 1\ ^\ iil It - ^^^AW ^^Mwwrr,.^S3^~------..^ Y* ^ ~YL_^ ^^^ ^ | -^ ^^w^ ^ 'ir~^r ~^r-^7^ s_^. 8 a~ i ^y ^-2- -^r-j^^^,^^j,~--- _ 11^1^^/iSSL^:.^;,~|t-^%E^I'^-% ^r^-^w.^^'^^^^^^^^^^^ * ^^iRi)^ ^^ '~f^__^" * 77~y^7^ a<^. ^*^ ^*^ t\^-S ^r^ )- ^'^ *T ^W"w^^\w^^^ \i\^l ^ I^ ______-a-^ "^*'^Su '" " ^ sotj-s N g> 7 * wr r^ r * *?' r-*,^ __ -u-ci^'z- * y -1 i i i^rtw^\\\V^ \ \ \\ \ ^ ^-.^^IHS ^"::;?^^P5^^^^-? a^^^S^E ^ J1"^^'^^^^^^^^^^^^ N^^ ^ ^r ^ ^ ^^^^ *^*^r. ^ ^ ^h^ J^ ^^S^97 ^ ^ ^ D^1^^ ^- ^ %^0<^<^^' ^'^^ ^>;^^^^ ^^^^^^ i'^^^^^^^a^^^^i^ ^ ^^^^i^^ *^*^-sS^'^^;^^%^W^^^^^^^^ * "^-^^^"^"V"^^ Title: Map of Grand Haven Township; Enlarged Plat of Grand Haven Twp.; Zutphen Jamestown Twp.; West Olive Olive Twp.; Lamont Tallmadge Twp.; 7 N; 8 N 16 W Keywords: G. A. Farr; J. C. Jorgenson; A. Bauman; Ed. Pepeer; T. Fisher; A. Koch; L. Behm; A. Lock; Mrs. Van Veuren; Wm. Van Houton; K. Poel; A. Visser; H. Scheel; A. DeBruin; D. Vyn; R. Radke; J. Dunnink; G. Holman; Wm. Teitz; Aug Kooiman; W. Van Bemmelin; Cor Veesjes; A. Kooiman; M. Mardrak; C. B. Locke; Jacob DeWitt; P. Van Maren; J. Holman; William Roossien; A. Albrecht; J. Daam; Fred Warber; George Warber; A. & L. Welling; Pere Marquette Railroad; F. X. Ranker; A. DeRyke; A. De Ryke; P. De Vrue; J. Hofman; M. Reister; T. Fisher; A. Gerber; M. Pellegram; J. Gerber; H. Verhooks; J. Verhooks; J. H. Pearson; John Gerber; A. Bauman; James Hancock; J. Holman; John Daily; Chas. Barr; D. Ritsema; J. DeWitt; C. Lock; P. Dyldia; C. Lock; A. Albrecht; B. Dykama; Aerie Kooiman; Carl Lemke; Fred Warber; J. Baker; R. Ottenstra; C. Van Hovering; Mrs. Mary Baker; John Walker; T. J. Miller; John Meddag; D. Kieft; P. Van Maren; James Lock; E Kieft; J. Goddard; S. Bosma; J. DeWitt; R. Moll; A Westhoff; H. Hoeinga; R. Roossien; L W Hubert; J. Lock; Wm. Roossien; J. F. Cormick; W F Newhouse; Henry Vincent; John Welch; T. Beckman; Baker Bros; A D. Bottje; J. Bottje; Johanna De Heer; John Pelegram; William Beckman; Johanna De Heer; A. Ringwoldt; Mrs. C. VanKoveren; Henry Bosch Est.; John Kamp; Henry Berends; Henry Brink; J. R. Nyenhuis; Parsonage; Church; J. R. Nyenhuis; Bert Nyenhuis; J. Van Noord; Steve Roelofs; John Roelofs; John H. Kamp; Store; J. Peck; Gardner St.; Cliff Binns; D. G. Wartman; John Leland; Lyon St.; Depot; Goss St.; A. L. Norton; Saw Mill; Calvin McKinley; Store; J. R. Pixley; Warner St.; Church; Nelson Dreese; Church; C. W. Shearer; Heinz Pickle Factory; May St.; School; C. B. Binns; John Peck; First Ave.; Second Ave.; Brayton St.; Mrs. Viola Berry; Con. Naninga; Elizabeth Vandercingel; Cemetery; West ½ Lot; L. M. Boltwood Est.; Mrs. T. Scanlon; Geo. C. Nichols; Dudley’s Add. De Witt Dudley Reserve; Main St.; Revised & Extended Add.; Leverett St.; Western Add.; Original Town; O. F. Fuller; Steele’s Add.; Chas. Gibson; A. Brainard; Lamont St.; W. Williams; Angels Add.; Gertrude Williams; Bert Coe.; Spring St.; West Water St.; Southwest Add.; Broadway; Post Office; Frst St.; M. W. Davis; Steeles Reserve; Commercial; Second St.; Van Ploeg; Cemetery; A. Calkins; Woodbury St.; Grand River; Franklin St.; Woodbury Reserve; Button Factory; J. Zuidervelt; N. B. Abbey; Spring Lake; Dick Baker; H. W> Buewell; A. Verberkamos; J. & A.; Johnson & Anderson; J. Nusimer; Eastman Island; Pierhead Light; Habor; Munroe Park Lake View Add.; S. L. Munroe; J. Mulligan; S. Walker; City of Grand Haven; Mrs. R. W. Duncan; Pec & Smith; J. G. Bigelow; G. A. F.; J. C. J.; D. V.; R. R.; Grand Haven; K. P.; H. S.; J. D.; G. H.; C. V.; A. K.; W. V. B.; C. V.; Wm Roossier; A. A.; J. D.; Munroe, Howlett & Cutler’s Add.; Wm. Stone; Sisson & Lillie; Kieft & Roosein; H. Poss; H. L. Burchard; J. W.; Lloyd’s Bayou; J. Kieft Sr.; Highland Park; Lake Forest Cem; Fannie Ahrens; E. R. Moore; City; W. H. Moore; A. & L. Welling; G. R.. G. H. & M. Elect. Ry.; See enlarged plat; A. B.; M. P.; J. G.; See Enlarged Plat of Sections 28 & 33; Wm Teitz; H. V.; J. V.; J. H. P.; C. B. L.; J. D. W.; P. Van M.; J. H.; J. D.; C. B.; B. R.; F. Warber; Geo. Warber; Carl Lemke; Fred Warber; Burgess & Cillen Subd.; John Martin; E. E> Luth; W. E> Kifgen; C. Boldt; W. F. Kifgen; Geo Wolf; Fred Kieft Jr.; C. Tittenger; N. H. Patnou; A. L. Hollinger; H. Heibdzer; Otto Gleuck; A. Keift; Andrew Bergstrom; Herman Zimmerman; Cha. Zimmerman; J. Goldberg; C. Tittegen; F. J. Kieft; Leonard Stickney; A. Bottje; Leonard Stickney; S. L. Monroes; L. Goodhart; H. Bottje; W. R. Peck; Res.; Baldwin Tuthelle Belknap; Res. of W. L. Holcomb; A. M. Holcomb; W. R. Peck; L. J. Wesenberg; J. De Spelderk; F. M. Whitlatch; B. M. Trim; G. W. Palmer; Hy. Vincent; Mrs. Mary Baker; John Hancock; T. J. Miller; J. C. C.; John Welch; J. W.; John Meddag; John Walker; J. G.; A. K.; D. K.; P V. M; J. L.; S. B.; J. D. W.; T. B.; B. Br.; A. D. B.; J. B. J. H.; J. B.; R. O.; C. Van H.; R. M.; A. W; H. H; R. R.; J. L; Wm Roossin; J. P.; Wm. Beckm; W. B.; Johanna Deer; L. Kumpel; Aug. Kiumfel; C. Reinders; Chas. Lemke; E. E. Stokes; O. Derma; A. Schultz; E. F. Wall; Thos. Minshall; F. Novak; Mrs. M. Schmidt; John Huber; Mary Rank; J. F. Kieft; W. H. Leach; J. Pelegram; J. De Pender; George Schultz; Pottawattomie Lake; F. Novak; School; E. De Pender; S. Lukitsch; P. Navvart; Peter Bol; Ed. Tanner; A. Welch; John Martens; Fred Yager; G. W. Aiken; Res.; L. I. Porter; McClate; Boldt; R. L. Williams; Jos. Sauber; Mary Rank; H. L. Dermo; E. J. White; E. S. Ammeraal; Mrs. N. S> Terry; Frank Sanrel; D. Vyn & Son; J. F. Hill; Gus Miller et al; J. Bargagen; El. Scott; G. Barck; C. H. Scott; N. Buhwalda; G. C. Borck; F. Beckman; P. Engel; M. Van Dorn; M. De Glopper; J. Majerus; Louis Bredkchoff; Gus. Miller; J. Majerus; C. Sillman; J. M. Van Dorn; Bernhard Midday; Ed. Sillman; Mrs. Gerrit Pelegram; J. M. Van Dorn; Wm. Van Dreezer; B. Hery; Edw. Tatum; Frank Bares; E. Meschle; James Swobodo; J. Midday; Pottawattomie Lake Resort; James Bignell; Fred. Behm; John Fox; Ernest Melcher; Martin Melcher; Aug. Schultz; Yacob Heisterhamp; J. Ryerson; G. W. Robinson; Olaf Myhre; I Schrengren; John Conrath; Ortlippe Hugo; Vanderberg Bros.; J. Juisterma; G. A. Farr; R. A. Clark; Bayou; E. A. Ewing; Jacob Schould; I. Mielinger; Robert Voss; Leonard Bertlein; Henry Saul; Henry Boldt; Wm. C. Schmidt; Res. of Herman Schmidt; L. Broedehoeft; H. Bierman; L. Broedehoeft, Jr.; D. Van Duin; Wm. Schmidt; Fred. Schmidt; Emil Maesopke; Wm. Wilbert; C .Maierhauer; Wm. Strasburg; Rich’d Wilbert; Ernest Kolberg; Stephen Senn; Ed. Schmidt; Pere Marquette R. R.; Geo. Maierhause; Jas. Holt; John Zeller; Wm. Witt; Chris Grambauer; Wm. Peddy; Wm. Schmidt; Joe Schroeder; Minnie Hoffmeister; Terry Holmes; C. F. Schroeder; Chris Grambauer; David Lissien Estate; C. F. Schroeder; Wm. & Esther Gardener; Chris Georsen; Mrs. Schleich; Paul & Leonard Mastenbrook; Lake Michigan; Lous Boedehoef; Mary Pages; Henry Saul; J. Schustrich; H. C. Saul; F. Schuster-Schusting; Frank Hendricks; John Sugtrich; R Roder; Cem.; F. Behm; Frank Miller; Chas. Wenger; Henry Schmidt; Ed. Milliman; Adolph; Chas. Berg; Hy. Bierman; Chas. Bierman; Chas. Parchert; Ed. Schmidt; F. Hoffmeister; Joe Schroeder; Fred Ritzlaff; Aug. Holtz; Ernest Ellman; Albert Ellman; Mich’l Knukin; Fred Berg; R. F. D; Gotfried Kuecken Est.; Wm. Reehs; A. Pythzinski; Dr. Sherwood; F. Brolin; Ella Behm; John Stange; Wm. Grath; Ralph Eckley; Aug. Schroeder; F. Cech; Ed. Millerman; John Radspeder; Phil. Ruch; Gottlieb Ruch; F. & C. Ruch; R. Podein Est.; Fred Bruhn; Oswald Bernan; Charles Knaak; Frank Rymer; Charles Retzloff; Abbie J. and Catherine A. Connell; F. Schnasse; F. Schiel; Aug. Hoerich; Andy Borron; A. Hoerich; Julius Ott.; Gustaf Diense; A. Holz; Fred. Retzlaff; W. F. Schroeder; C. W. Schroeder; Henry Stille; Clara Schmidt; Frank Schaade; Henrietta Bethke; Res. of Theo. Bethke; John Fuite Est.; Ralph Eckley; Aug Schroeder; Chas. Gerth; Salvator Tomasso; Dr. W. T. Eckley; Jos. Weisen; John Butcher; Spring; Abbie J. Connell; J. Barnhart; James Edwards; Wm. Tillman; Fred. Schultz; Hy. Klugas; John Zacharias; J. Zelenke; Mich’l F. Donahue; J. Sullivan; Prentice Correll; M. Klucas; Gustav Goldbach; H. Stolpe; See Plat of Agnew; Wm. Stiller; Ferd. Behm; Chas Behm; Henry Steffen; H. S.; C. Schnasse; R. Kaull; M. Konke; O. B. Rider; J. N. Ruch; Chas Papal; Mrs. P. Correll; M. Stauffer; Jos. Millon; Bertha Stille; G. A. Klempke; Martin Karthaus; Frank Schaede; J. Ott; G. A. Klempke; C. A. Schueffler; F. Schaede; Abbie & Katherine A. Connell; Peter Du Shane; A. G. Boyd; Inidan Burial Ground; Papmozoo Family; J. Edwards; Ellen Connell; Patrick McCarthy; Michael F. Donahue; Thos. Shehan; Thor. Herbst; Mary O. Harris; Michael Donahue & Wife; Patick McCarthy; Wm. Donahue; M. F. Donahue; A. Herbst; J. N. Ruch; King Bros.; F. A. Wells; Casper Ruch; Ella Yeske; J. M. Brenning; Otto Minhardt; Jerome Marble; R. B. Reynolds; Henry Hanraf; Jos. Strake; Emil Goehel; S. D. Mash; Jos. Milan; Tieb Berkompas; G. Halverson et al; Ella Yeske; Mary Millman Est.; Robinson Twp.; Grand Haven Twp.; Olive Twp. Note:

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Page  60 ~ I~~~~~~~ IV ^^ I^irT?^ ^ Nls MB^^ T^ ^^^^r^S \~~ ~ ~ M.I I slelg ESRlll i^ ý IIIINI I ~? ff ^ ^ ~. j ^ ^ ' f ^ Oi roil MRW 10\\g i I J Ji^ ^ s - *- g | g T~~~ffae.....;...^^.^..^ ^.n.^ 7 ^ ^ ^ h ^ '^ f~~~~~~~~..................^ ^. ~ ^S ^ |^ efc ^ y ~! m |~^ f^ *^7!11 2ný1............... ^^ ^ ^ ^ i ^ l ^ ^ <^ ^ ^^ 4~ B ^S8 ^ L J^ -7 ^ "" |L -N B ~ Sl"s^ S' ~in.S ' ^s, **o; yr, ~, S\. w ^'-,?*:* B~i?^S*l*' S" & '~ a-o -~ c a".' ff'..........- - m -~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~.............. ^y^^^?1?'' ^ ^ c^ ^^^~ n ^ i y^ i, ^^^aF^O ^^ - * -^a^'-^A)?. ^.<^f'"%^6-^..*^^/ S ^^>^^ ffo\ -T~mm JiiiS o5S ^'NI^ ^ JO *. Z m.......... 3 6. 9.*P p e ti ___ _ _ _, 7 fo?^S g ^i "t ^ o* i ^ ^ < 1 ' V\^^ St i 6t *S ''m w.. ~t?:-*~ ">(,"B? '.. ~ H? -i7 '^ ~W 71? ^ ' S5 3BA- - - azptr-- -.40.--*i lgJ * |% ~." 'H~ams <t)! g~f "a^ g0~"18' S 6 __ " Saf 3", g Kcitfef w S~v~i& 3 g.: * | Sl ~^ i M ^ s^^ ir.*S^^ ^- -i^ --^ }>*", ^n^.r-- ^ SL~r~yWjijt ^~Z640 -_j Z60, G) ~ *l ^ ^ ^ s^ ^ l 1SF )^ |~i ~-^r~ u^ i" ^ ^.^.:: ^ g^C4;4S R,^'^ ^1 ^ j,- ^I ^ ^ ^U i ----f-- - - N- yb?. p ^ i-.s w.o S SB | ^ - I ^^-" III.J -fi &Z7 726 ^ | ^ f i^ f 'r^K ~ 67."g a'd 7(.Lo7S ers 5.ero ^ ^I.p.A ^ 1:^ ^ |; _ -.il p lp ^,- -s- - ^ ^ *^:-'_____" ^;,2 - ^. -^- ^ ^ x^' ^ ^ ^ Q//^ ^ ^ jn ^ ^ v -fIf IwH 'k~ ^i^;~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~se-s h - i " i'~^i~is- *'^'u \ g'- -' - - ^^ i ^ T 7^t^ ~8J 5' ^ ^ *''.i^ J ^~ - -^? - *1' - -4 \ S ^It^w *~~~~~.( IS!ýtt^^ ^s'*^ m~ ~~~~~~ ýR-^^^^ I^^ - -"; I ~ h ^ ^ ^ ^ $^" ^ r^* ~^ ^ ^^^t^^ ^CA Xwf?4'^S,^ o ^ ^ *' ^ ^v -' ^..~ ^ NJ -'. ^ U '^ T^ S? ) ^ 1 ' ' ( V Ks A ^? c e^ Title: Map of Olive Township; Lisbon Chester Twp.; Olive Center Olive Twp.; Borculo P.O. Olive & Blendon Twps. 6 N 15 W; 16 W Keywords: Grand Haven Twp.; Robinson Twp.; Jas. M. Fellows; Patrick McCarty; Dianthe Winters; T. and P. Sheehan; F. Miles; C. Dell; Casper Rue; Ira Miles; J. W. Dal; Walter Black; Oscar Beyer; State; M. Donahue; Tony Vander Zalm; Ellen King; School; Albert Herbst; Julius Schmidt; F. & J. King; Frank Heicker; C. W. Smith; J. S. Perkins; Henry Shrieber; John Schrieber; Gustave Schrieber; J. Marble; Eli Sankey; Harry Marble; Fanny Sankey; Pat’k Sankey; Eli Sankey; Fred Peck; Geo. Marble; Pere Marequette R. R.; G. W. Barry; Mrs. C. B. Ingersoll; De Hann; G. Wood; Frank Binns; Sarah Names; C. R. Moore; M. Taylor; Clinton Binns; De Hann; Cem; Julia Claus; A. Van Raalte; T. L. Reese; Thos. Cole; C. R. Cole; E. P. Cole; Benj. Names; M. D. Woodriff; John Names; K. Vanden Berg; J. &. F. Klamphus; L. C. Carrier; John Names; J. Casagrand; Benj. Names; John Sutton; John Bush; Cynnia Allen; A. Conner; J. W. Meeker; Sarah Names.; Klaas Rowenhorst; Klaas Prins; Frazier Headley; J. O. Fletcher; H. J. Fletcher; R. J. Coulter; Baldwin Headley Est.; Henrietta Stone; Alice West; J. A. Boemers; Riley Sweet; Charles Stevens; J. K. Lick; Emma Hills; John Dyke; Riley Sweet; H. Harsevort; E. O. Wightman; Adda Pixley Est.; Chris Bloemers; Eugene Fellows; Ed. Fellows; L. J. Fellows; Delos Purchase; Jacob Boes; Hy. Geertman; H. A. Fletcher; L. J. Fellows; W. L. Fletcher; Tunis Neimyer; A. Hirdes; S. Meeuwson; J. Vanderkool; Wm. Hirdes; Ed. Fellows; John Hostege; Adrian Hirdes; Mary Grenhof; Minna Vanderkool; Lake Michigan; Oscar Boyer; J. W. Dal; Walter Black; Wm. Jeskie; Barney Dell; Aug. Jeske; Chas Miles; T. J. De Frela; Albert Jeske; Estelle; Fred Miles; John Olman; Paul Estelle; Carl Ebel; M. St Clair; Charles Garbrecht; A. Hecker; W. J. Runner; L. Friedrich; D. Hecker; Chas. Garbrect; Frank Garbrecht; Chas. Babcock; Hy. Hancy; W. H. Marble Est.; Robt. McNeal; Frank Gerebinski; D. G. Wartman; J. Peck; Aug. Kanuth; Wm. Taylor; Bert Peck; Chas. Shearer; John Peck; West Olive; Mrs. Berry; Frank Binns; C. B. Binns; M. Taylor; Wm. Ellman; Albert Van Raalte; Robt. Mc Neal; M. Berkampas; Peter Bos; J. E. Guiles Est.; S. DeWitt; B. DeHaas; Smith & Blink; H. & P. Vinhemelder; Hy. Kooiker; J. W. Greving; H. Maneschyn; S. Dykstra; Harm. Bange; M. Woodruff; J. E. Guiles Est.; J. L. & H. Hop; Al. Arnold; John Hop Jr; Ebels & Meuwsen; D. F. Huested; Tacke Berkompas; J. Liveuse; D. Dams; Herm. Smyers; G. Gurt; Peter Brandsen; G. Bartels; J. Bartels; B. Bartels; D. Dams; Jan Boers; Corn; Jacobsen; Simon DeWitt; Olive Center; Andrew Sjoerdsma; A. Bolgroyen; R. Dyk; Wm. Lievense; John Dyk; Alex. Balgroyen; Wm. Welling; Johanna Meeuwson; Klass Knoll; Jno. & Henry Jenson; John C. Elenbaas; M. VanDer Bosch; H. Cheeseman; Herm. Harsevart; J. D. Bloemers; Geo. Wedeven; Herm Harsevart; Art. Groenewoud; Jos. Veldheer; H. Riemersma; H. Cheesman; C. Vanden Heuel; A. W. Brouwer; A. Deurs; D. D. Jonge; Art. Groenewoud; R. F. D.; B. Timmerman; Rolof Timmerman; Hendrick Geurink; Daniel Meeuwson; Ziels Zeinstra; Geo. DeWitt; G. H. DeWitt; T. R. VanWert; Nick Holman; Pigeon Lake Resort; Port Sheldon Beach; L. M. Schofield; Earl Johnson; Pigeon Lake; F. Mayo; E. Barlow; Henry Goodi; A. Jagxes; John Olman; John Goodin; Pigeion River; Aug. Jeskie; Luger & Miles; Jas. Knol; Lena Friedrich; Henry Searsema; Sarah Terry; Martin Bazan; J. D. Blomers; F. Vander Huel; Sarah Terry; Henry Nykamp; Menne VanSloten; Bert Meulenbelt; Menne Van Sloten; Louis Van Sloten; W. J. Timmer; Arie Kruithoff; G. & G. Kamphuis; Wm. Timmer; Jacob Kamphuis; J. & B. Vanderzwaag; John Berkampas; E. Neihaus; Lewis Kamphuis; Hy. Neikamp; Siebe Dykstra; H. K. Troost; H. W. Eelman; Al. Mulder; John Brandsen; Klas Schamper; Jacob Ebels; W. Nienhuis; J. J. Slag; G. Bartels; Herman Kamerman; G. Moeke; J. Harswort; John Bartels; Wm. Eeelmar; Al. Mulder; H. Maneschyn; G. Moeke; D. Dams; Charles Schemper; G. Bartels; Harm Looman; G. Bartel; Hy. Redder; Town Hall; See enlarged Plat; G. Gort; John Knot; B. Bartels; Peter Jacobson; Henry Vanderzwang; John De Jonge; F. Niviser; School; H. Soreheide; Thos. Kraai; M. Vanden Bosch; Jacob De Jonge; Herman Smeyer; Wm. Lugers; L. & J. Veltheer; Al. & Wm. Kooyers; Walter Groenewood; J. Boes; J. Rozema; John Ovens; Henry Riemersma; Enne Hamstra; Wm. Kooyers; John Ovens; John Bosch; Al. Kooyers; John Kooyers; Gt. Looman; J. H. De Weerdt; W. Basch; Isaac Elenbaas; A. Brouwer; Anna Luersma; Harm. Stremler; J. H. Gibben; John Norder; M. Beyer; G. Van Beek; M. Beyer; John Gebben; D. E. Lozier; T. R. VanWert; Bert Riemersma; Bessie S. Case; William Taylor; Gus. Chelehon; A. G. Anderson; Abe Klein; R. Dy Kema et al; B. Riemersmd; H. J. Davis; Abraham Anys; Jan. Tne Hogen; T. Van Dragt; F. Windemueller; M. Plakmeyer; Isaac Bazan; Walter Kruithoff; Henry Assink; F. Windmueller; M. Plackmeyer; T. Van Dragt; H. Hesselink; F. Beekhuis; Martin Anys; Ryd. Van Eych; J. G. Bloemers; T. De Frel; Hy. Tenchink; Wm. Kruithoff, Jr; Benj. Walters; A. V. Osborn; J. C. Robart; B. Trimpe; Herman Shoemaker; Mrs. A. V. Osborn; J. S. Bauman; Church; Maurice Luidens; D. Penckink; T. De Frel; Stephen Hienstra; Wm. Eelman; Mrs. A. V. Osbourne; J. Harwort; H. W> Harrington; H. K. Troost; John Risselada; G. C. Riemersma; Evert Heneke; J. & H. Arnoldink; R. Zeerip; John Harsevoort; H. Kooiker; A. Arnoldink; Bert Bazan; Jacob Timmer; Geo. Plagars; John Hop, Jr.; E. M. Neinhuis; Peter Brandsen; M. E. Nienhuis; Maurice Luidens; Peter Jacobson; John Kooiker; D. Dams; Wm. Nienhuis; J. L. Hop; Ziba Owen; R. W> Brouwer; Barney Walters; J. L. Hop; Klass Prins; W. Brouwer; J. Boldewin; Chas. Prins; John Dalmeyer; G. Kraai; G. Looman; John Greving; G. looman; Herman Weener; G. Groenewoud; L. Bultema; G. Kraai; Klas Rouhorst; P. H. Vinkemulder; Frank Brouwer; W. Nienhuis; John Lievense; A. Douma; E. Altena; J. Nienhuis; L. Veltheer; Salmon Meeuwsen; G. Vander Hevel; Egbert Boes; Herm. Kieskamp; D. H. Brat; John Boes; John Rosema; Hy. Rosema; Jacob Lievense; Brend Kuyers; Jacob Weenum; Art. Moes; B. Kuyers; H. Schout; H. Wessldyk; J. J. Bosch; R. Mibers; D. Boes; Peter Fongers; H. Olminkhof; G. Olminkhof; Albertus Klinge; Sim. Stempter; Peter Fongers; Herman Wonnich; J. Wonnich; H. Boes; D. Boes; H. Schout; J. Weenum; P. De Groot; L. Lookers; Bessie S. Case; L. Sloan; C. Sloan; Arend Dykhuis; K. & J. Lappinga; Klaas Lappinga; J. J. Lappinga; John Schroeder Est.; Menna Bosma; Richard Smith Est.; Tunis Vander Berg; Jan Ten Hagen; J. Metsger; D. K. Riemersma; Jan. Ten Hagen; H. Schutte; B. Riemersma; H. H. Bruin; P. Kramer; G. Van Wynen; P. Kramer; P. Wolfert; J. Riemsma; Riep Batema; Harm. Bakker; William Bleeker; Fred. Osborn; H. Kruithoff; D. Van Dyk; Chas. Osborn; Jacob; Rypman; Florance Botzen; Cornelius Rozenberg; Chas. Osborne; Fred. Bakker; G. Moeke; Mrs. J. Bakker; H. W. Harrington; Peppermint Oil Mill; P. W. Nienhuis; S. & T. Erlander; H. Vander Zwaag; P. M. Neinhauis; Jno. Hop. Maurice Luidema; H. J. Nienhuis; Wm. Hop. Est.; C. A. Smith; H. & A. Slag; R. D. Brower; D. Schutte; Wm. Hop; W. H. Timmer; H. J. Nienhuis; J. & P. Brandsen; P. M. Nienhuis; E. M. Nienhuis; Klass Redder; N. Jacobsen; W. Krointhoff; Wm. Overbeck; Jos. Diekma; J. A. Smith; H. Timmer; J. J. Slag; L. Hop; H. Timmer; H. Hop; B. Knooihuizen; J. DeVries; John Hoet; Jos. Levense; Derk Arens; John Brandsen; Hy. Vander Zwaag Mrs. H. Douma John Berghorst Est.; A. J. Nienhuis; Wm. Welling; H. Weener; M. C. Westrate; D. Vander Zwaag; G. Smith; D. Vander Hoen; B. Kuuers; Jacob Mulder; Al. Blaukamp; Derk Arens; A. Van Dyke; E. J. Nienhuis; Derk Stegenga; T. Vander Bosch; Chas. Dieppenhorst; John Bowman; Jan. Bowman; G. J. Mattman; D. J. Overweg; H. Ten Broen; Al. Blaukamp; Henry Lamer; John Blaukamp; D. Klandermann; Roe Essenburg; John Batema; Lam Rozema; Roe Essenburg; Eli Elzing; Borculo P.O.; H. Koop; G. W. McBride; Mrs. Jas. Lyons; Mrs. Margt. Drinkwater; Res.; R. C. Dick; Johnson; Martha Schmisser; Teunis Van Den Berg; W. Drinkwater; T. Vander Berg; B. H. Melang; G. F. Lanaghan; M. L. Joscelyn; F. W. Flagg; F. Fendt; E. A. Watson; N. T. Sharman; John Ten Hoeven; F. Fednt; B. Rienersma; Charles Miles; Jan Wyman; M. Bosma; John Brewer; John Goldhill; H. C. Lange; Fannie Miles; John Bucholz; Hannah Schutte; E. Grooters; F. C. Lange; B. Poppema; Goovert Van Wynen; Jan Wassink; Henry Schutte; Jacob Rypema; J. R. Wassink Jr.; Cornelius Bazar; E. Grooters; Aug. Verbeek; Wm. Timmer Est.; Mrs. J. Bleek Res.; A. K. Brouwer; D. Tenchind; E. Schutte; Herm. Boone; J. Bult; John Van Lente; C. Bazan; Bert Dygraat; H. Van Kamp; G. Nagelhaut; F. Beekhuis; J. Vanden Peppen; Creamery; Harlem Sta.; John Meeuwsen; Jan Hop; J. & A. Timmer; B. Hop; Jan Hop; J. & B. Hop; Jan Bult; R. Brouwer; Klaus Brouwer; John Hofman Est.; Res. of Dick Hoffman; Jacob Ebels; B. Vinkenmulder; Jan Hoffman Est.; H. E. Nienhuis; Henry Hop; John York Est.; Re. C. Brouwer; Wm. Brouwer Est.; H. Bartels; H. Laarman; H. W. Klies; H. Van Dyke Est.; Minnie Stegenga; H. Neinhuis; Bartel Blink; H. J. Troost; H. Roels; Henry Mengs; G. H. Eilers; F. Kraa; M. Smith; Henry Siersema; K. Weener; M. C. Westrate; H. Knipers; S. Stegenga; Corn Westrate; J. Zweirs; Joseph Westrate; Corn. De Fauw; E. J. Nienhuis; J. J. Veldheer; Jane Harsevoort; Al Knol; H. Lemmen; C. De Frow; Al Raak; Chas. Raak; L. Diepenhorst; E. Wolting; Geert Wolting; J. Briezerman; E. Wolting; John Wolting; L. Diepenhorst; M. Diepenhorst; Claus Klemme; Jan. Wolters; Geert Wolting; H. Kurpers; G. Ten Broek; Case Elenbass; Wm. Wolting; J. A> Bosch; Harm Wolting; Claus Kemme; Jacob Van De Bosch; Mannes Boessen; John Blaukamp; Blendon Twp.; Holland Twp.; Curtis Pintler; A. J. Mc Keen; W. C. Smith; School; Store; Mrs. A. Hohnes; Frank Russell; Chas. Erns Est.; J. L. Hill; Henry Frick; N. Gulmire; Henry Bettes; J. L. Hill; Mrs. E. Whitsell; Walter Twiss; Benj. Irish; Nelson Gulmire; John Opple; R. N. Beckwith; Churhc St.; Flow Basom; E. J. Pintler; Masonic Hall; Ottawa & Kent Counties; Lyman Haag; F. G. Thurstan; E. G. Beckwith; Lewis Kline; Mrs. Dan’l Miller; Gripp; Henry Bettes; Mrs. H. Hubert; Lewis Goete; Conrad Lachman; Lew Kline; Phil Fahling; Chas.Hoag; Herman Hubert; Mrs. Otto Cobarth; Simon DeWitt; Klass Knoll; Town Hall; J. Redder; H. Redder; J. Redder; Peter DePree; J. DeJonge; Jacob DeJonge; F. Niviser; P. DeGroot; H. Schout; Gert. Moeke; Church Property; H. Vanderver; L. Lokers; Fedde Reimsma; Dirk Klanderman; Post Office; Henry Koop; D. J. Overweg; Ralph Bouwma; Wm. Overweg; H. Vanderver; J. P. Lamer; Enne Kraai Note:

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"-- $<;^ 'v,^.^,^ | m (fl |j * ^\ f^ ^(- \^.<3 b t\3 ^l S'^NV Q^^ r0^ ~4' \i^\ ^3 S? A L \~ ^ NtL ^ -^' * c.'^- Q) S^^^ -^ \M.- ^^> ^^ ^Mt' fi^^Z. ^2^^Z7yg^>B^yi~ / *rtc. iSn^~ jb>v ^ ^0 C A1 Wk (t |^ s- ^^B^ ^ ^ - 1 ^S:'~~ 'S"<b ~N*! r""" "*""i" =: '^s.f *^^ G ~ 5 ~ * ^ '^T- 5 -^ ~ '? S-L^ a" \ c ^^? 'ci'-f'&/ ^-^ay^^f^^; ypz^^-cp^^fa^?? *r ^y^z^y ^^ysi v^^ ^\\~ ''^ - ft Bj Hi S^ ^5^''^|o ^ '' ^^'s>^t^I R'Co ^o. ^^?^ '(o-".~-~ /i&s^^^yyiy'^T^^Q''';^^^^^^W:'^^^^^fe'-''-rj {1 8 ffi 1 ' f'a ^ y *1''' ~.. i^jaytyy'g^,,^*) ^E.isi/wss^-^^ ^^a^^^y^^^^^'^M^^v^^^^siLj^ rS i GE ^ ^i S. 0 fs> i 'o^ */-,/-,- 1 ^^^*^^^^S?^ ff i Nt. ^'^v"^.,'ar^ 'BTf.fkl '" ^T ^J- F<?1^;^^^^^^^^<^ <^^^^^^ < *o^ \^ i/./ UK I) S iL'^ ^,^^y/7A' \ ^k.y^^ ^^^^ o -<?*~>( -- K, ^ -^-^-g i -^- \"^'^^^\K^^^^^^M\\\ \ \\ \^ n^i'^^^^i^'^ (I IT ilm * J ^ '^ ^ '^^. ^ ^~T~ ^^^ *^ --- ^ ^ ^^- ^ j^o *! * ^^ ^ ^saff^ X^\ ItS * * Title: Map of Holland Township; Conklin Chester Twp. 5 N 15 W; 16 W Keywords: Olive Twp.; Eley Eggerman; H. Vanden Berg; J. E. Geegh; E. T. Lee; H. L. Williams; Church; Martha Nystedt; Delia Boules; J. M. Stevenson; John Wurm; Al. Van Ins; Rooinson Cooting; W. T. Sherman; F. E. Sherman; G. F. Lanaghan; H. G. Morris; Wm. Depledge; Darwin Huff; A. F. Huff; Ed Huff; M. Bocks; G. H. Nichols; Aug. Aussicker; Henry Vander Wouder; Barnie Popma; J. Brown Est.; Emily Owens Est.; Hy. Bazan; Tom Brown; G. M. Van Kampen; Ed. Kameraad; Jay Nichols; H. Bazan; C. A. Caauwe; Cora Bazan; John Bazan; H. Van Rye; I Kouw; A. Vorbeck; J. W. Vischer; J. H. Huisker; John Johnsen; Andrew Breemer; Fred Van Lente; John Bos; Mrs. Houdema; Harry Walterdink; Jacob Schipper; H. M. Kampen; C. Meerooer; Henry Meeboer; G. J. Kamphius; C. Ludema; J. Wiersema; M. VarDampen; H. M. Van Kampen; K. G. Van Kampen; Klas H. Van Kampen; Ryk Dykema; J. Spykerman; G. M. Van Kampen; K. G. Van Kampen; G. M. Van Kampen; L. Dekker; H. S. Boone; J. J. Hop; John Kroll; J. Stenenga; J. Van Popper; J. B. Slagh; Berend Bossman; C. Slagh; H. Ploekmeyer; H. S. Boone; Peter Mastenbroek; H. D. Bossman; Jacob De Jonge; Church Chapel; Parsonage; School; Mrs. Bosiman; Hoffman Estates; J. J. Smith; K. Vandenberg; I. Meyer; John Meusswue; H. J. Smith; G. A. Van Dyke; John Essenberg; Jacob Van Dyke; John Ter Have Est.; J. Van Poppen; P. J. Smit; G. J. Ter Have; John Elfus Est.; J. W. Vandenberg; K. Weanerso; John Brouwer; I. Houghton; C. I. Dykema; Henry Veldneer; J. Kerdeit; Hy. Liemmen; A. J. Bosman; Hy. Deuer; J. H. Kooyer Jr.; J. S. Brouwer; Jacob Bosch; H. Ter Have Est.; B. J. Slagh; L. Ruies; J. H. Kooyer; Wm. Kooyer; Arend Raak; Albert Bosch; P. H. Kemme; Geerle Bischop; P. E. Vander Bosch; J. Jongekry; H. Victory; J. H. Kooyer; K. Vander Bosch; L. Raak; Church; J. Myering; J. Vander Went; K. Temmerman; Koennie Bros.; Bischof Bros.; G. Klingenberg; John Sterring; J. Stuerring; C. De Koster; R. Baker; Gezend Kuipers; Berund Poest; H. Poest; De Lee; T. Vander Bosch; Hy. Pyl; R. Pyl; P. Bareman; Lake Michigan; C. R. Mower; J. W. Bosman; A. Hyma; J. J. Jennings; W. Lyons; Lugers & Mills; Fred Metz; L. M. Bennet; Marsilge; O. Buchanan; K. Baker; V. H. Gillett: M. A. West; School; J. Aussicker Estate; H. Wagmann; H. Walsh Est.; L. Lawrence; Harry Capman; Edw. Whaley; A. Manner; D. Weideman; Wm. Taft; Cem.; M. G. West; Hy. Beelen; R. F. D.; H. J. Aussicker; B. F. Gunn; J. D. Woodruff; M. De Feyter; Jef Crofoot; H. Bredeweg; B. Van Lente; John Bos; John Derks; T. Vander Vusse; C. A. Caauwe; H. Seekamp; B. Van Lente; A. W. Johnson; G. Dekker; G. Laaraman; Mrs. Yos; G. Hoidema; Orei McFall; M. Vanderkelk; D. Flieman; C. Van Kampen; M. Van Kampen; G. M. Van Kamper; J. Spykeman; M. C. Van Kampan; H. M. Van Kampen; R. Plockmeyer; E. G. Boere; G. M. Van Kampen; J. Spykerman; L. F. Heffern; T. Vander Vusse; G. M. Van Kampen; John Vande West; A. Riksen; Pere Marquette R. R.; K. Zylman; R. Timmer; H. Veld Kamp; John Vange West; A. Riemerma; G. Riemerma; Jocke Wiersma; Geret Kragt; D. Derkse; W. Van Dyk; H. E. Van Kampen; G. Smit Est.; Bert Bareman; B. Riksen; H. E. Van Kampen; J. Essonberg; K. De Boer; Jas. Bareman; Geo. Brouwer; Simon Bos; G. Bos; D. Klein; E. Kleiterp; J. Van Darnik; Peter Kuiyer; John Zomebeld; T. Vander Brink; John Plaggemanrs; Arend Brouwer; Wm. De Fouw; J. Wellinck; A. Voegel; Jacob Rorkus; J. Kuiyen; Harm. Bultema; C. D. Schilleman; Phil Heyloer; P. Langveld; Klaas Kuiyer; Doeke Bos; Bramsee Estate; Klinkenburg; C. Westrate; R. Bultema; Hielje Van Dyk; Berend La Huis; W. Stienfort; Hy Kuipers; Hy Kniper; T. D. Bos; D. Bos; Henry Gerrts; Jacob Kloster; A. Vander Hulst; J. Meeuwsen Est.; Henry Ryl; R. Pyl; A. Bareman; R. Pyb; J. W. Nagelhout; R. H. Cook; H. Poest; J. Janeson; John Poest; Sam’l Nagelokerk; H. L. Williams; Geo. Campbell Est.; M. Waterweg; J. G. Witteveen; H. Hunter; H. S. Boone; W. B. Vanden Brink; M. Hanegan; Wm. Taft; H. G. Morris; M. Fryback; V. Gillett; J. Vander Veere; Arnold De Feyter; M. Waterweg; Henry Beelen; M. Waterweg; C. C. Nichols Est.; A. M. Nichols; Sol. Johnson; W. C. Johnson; Wm. Por; Henry Waterweg; B. Wittenween; M. De Feyter; Hy. Bos; M. Ten Cate; E. Bredeweg; C. Dykgraf; Jacob Essenberg; Hy. Dekker; C. A. Caauwe; Frank Roede; Michael Bos; Hy. Dekker; G. Dekker; N. Vanden Hewel; B. Kameraad; B. Baas; Jacob Essenberg; T. S. Concorlas; Geo. Wendt; C. Van Kampen; M. C. Tuller; John Vander Berg; Frank; Paareman; John Leenhout; John & Julius Friesser; Peter Hammelinck; John Vanden Berg; T. Velthorn; M. Nathaway; Mrs. Ryly; Jas. Concartas; Jacob Essenberg; B. Cameraad; A. Van Doesourg; Julius Frieser; M. Misc; J. M. De Feyler; J. Van Slooton; John Vander Berg; L. Bareman; A. Koetsier; H. J. Laarman; K. Mastenbroek; J. Terwee; H. Knoll; Phin Wolfert; Bert Bareman; Donken Leys; W. Wibblink; A. De Weerd; H. Van Norden; A. Koetsier; G. E. Van Kampen Est.; C. Grevengoed; Jacob Boonstra; John Elhat; P. Lanveld; K. De Boer; P. Karsten; M. Tatenhoef; W. Beukema; P. Vander Ploeg; Wm. Beukema; John Van Til; Hy. Derks; H. Ten Beek; P. Langveld; H. TerBeek; Nick Johker; Doerk Bos; Gabram Bos; A. Sterker; Arend Van Dyk; Henry Kragt; Hy. Geerts; N. Neuinsa; Gor. Riemersma; R. Schuitma; Henry Jekel; John Jekel; Arend Van Dyk; Joseph Riemsma; P. Van Lee; Gerrit Lahuis; G. Riemsma; H. P. Hartgerink; John Smith; H. Van Dyk; J. Middlehoek; H. F. Gosselaar; T. P. Voegel; Berend Sterkin; D. Dekker; C. S. Van Planck; B. B. Jeckel; J. Van Voorst; A. Brinks; J. Vander Ploeg; Jacob Van Duine; Henry Everts; D. Pyl; J. Jensen; Al. Reus; J. Jansen; C. Boone; J. & J. Poest; J. Bauman; C. De Young; H. E. Bumond; Henr Van Lier; Zeeland Brick Co.; H. V.; A. V.; Mrs. L.; G. Huizenga; Gerrit; Ter Have; Jacob Poest; John Poest; Wm Demmer; J. Jansen; Zeeland; W. K. Johnson; H. C. Redman; Geo. F. Getz; Reformed Church; Gelof Witteven; Cem.; Peter & Bos; G. W. Straight; G. Stam; G. E. Van Den Brink; J. G. Witteveen; Mrs. J. Sauter; A. G. Witteveen; Bert Boon; E. White; B. Van Den Brink; A. G. Witteveen; Gerrit Stam; B. Van Dyk Est.; D. Kardux; J. A. De Feyter; A. M. De Feyter; C. Dykgraf; B. Baas; Adrian Box; F. Van Wieren; Hy. Thalen; L. Loyer; L. Peerbolt; K. Johanik; John Cramer; E. Bredweg; B. Essenberg; Wm. Kleis; Berend Baas; N. Stelstra; J. Lendenmann; Chas. Vander Schaw; A. J. Sjoerdsman; Jacob Terpstra; A. V.; B. Stygstra; K. Dykman; G. J. Nikerk; G. Exo; J. B. Exo; C. Van Alsberg; G. J. Nikerk; H. Van Alsberg Bros.; W. P. Webbert; N. Boss; John Kouw; E. F. Sutton; G. P. Hummer; Howard Estate; M. D. Howard Est.; H. E. Van Kampen; Mrs. J. Kieft; Howard Estate; Howard Est.; A. S. Legestte; John Van Til; Garrit & John Visser; C. B. Scott & Chas. Scott Est.; Black Riv; H. Laareman; Henry Wolcott; Jas. Evans; J. Baker; Peter Howard; John Venhuizen; Tennis Bos.; A. E. Wells; Waverly; Pere Marquette Ry. Co.; Mich. Stone Co.; H. S. Boone; Waverly Stone Co.; John Venhuizen; J. Plagerman; Cor. Riemersma; Dries Klein; A. Elzinga; Klaas Kragt; John Van Tulbengen; John Steggeman; Grand Rapids, Holland & Chicago Elec. Ry.; J. Middlehoek; N. S.; Klaas Kragt; Berend Sterkin; John Derks; J. C. Schaap; M. Skipper; New Groningen; H. Middlehoek; Mrs. E. Ten Have; A. Schaap; E. Boone; H. G. Rooks; Mrs. F. Soer; G. Kragt; John Posma; E. G. Balman; Burning Shed; Dina Westerveld; E. Ter Have; Zeeland Brick Co.; B. Gelden; G. J. Huizenga; A. Westenbroek; L. Brouwer; L. Shoemaker; A. Alting; Albert Kamps; C. Elgersma; John Osterbaar; Harm Vredeveld; T. Pul; Al. Schuitama; J. Van Bosch; J. Kaaper, est.; Emma F. Straight; G. Ogden; Chas. Ogden; Wm. Brusse; K. Bredweg; M. J. Witteveen; G. Waterveg et al.; T. S. Chitten; G. W. Straight; R. Van Den Brink; K. Bredeweg; O. M. Witteveen; K. Bredeweg; Big Bay; Gage Landing; Middle Ground Lt.; M. A. Witteveen; E. B. Vanden Brink; Bert De Weerd; R. De Weerd; M. A. Witteveen; Geo. Christophole; E. S. Rice; Wukazoo; Albert Berg; A. L. Stratton; P. Bertson; G. Arnold; J. S. Metcalf; J. C. Everett; J. Mersen; T. K. Webster; Hype, Howell & Shaw; Pine Creek; Land Co. Dock; Rice Dock; W. F. Smith; S. W. Robinson; Evanston Park; Weiler Dock; Pine Lodge; Pine Lodge Dock; Dickema & Post; Wm. Bass; Thorn Metre; C. Van Alsberg; A. D. Tailleur; G. G. Saida; S. L. Bignell; Mrs. L. Tallevehouts; M. W. Pletcher; S. L. Bignel; Metcalf; Dn Setp; Dock; Graham & Morton Dock; Harrington Coal Dock; King Dock; Heinz Dock; Black Lake; Cline Doc; Scott Luger Dock; Holland; John Ter Vree; H. S. Boone; Paul Berdhaus; Wm. Pon; H. Plaggerman; A. Kleis; H. F. Frieling; Y. Van Dyke; R. Ever & J. Kleis; H. Plaggerman; J. Y. Huizenga; Mrs. Van Raalte; K. J. Vander Ploeg; J. Vander Ploeg; John Vander Haar; Rev. Bursma; John Dykema; A. Medentorp; C. Riemersma; Mrs. J. Riemersma; B. L. Lemon; A. Vander Haar; J. O.; G. Lemon; H. J. Plaggerman; Kepple & Son; C. Klaassen; Hy. Broek; W. B. Broek; James Kapenga; T. H. Purdy; H. Kramer; J. A. Bloemers; H. Haze Kamp; W. B. Broek; Hy. Broek; H. Kragt Est.; H. A. Rooks; H. Haze Kamp; Ed. Naber; E. Van Slooten Est.; L. Wagenveld; H. Molewyk; R. Var Eych; Frank Brummel; E. Boone; J. Dein; G. Kragt; T. Van Hartsma; H. Vedervedl; Albert Kamps; H. Vredevedl; A. Alting; K. Veen Stra; C. Elgersma; A. J. Wessink; J. H. Smithderks; Frank Brummel; J. J. Beukema; R. Wagenveld; J. B. Mulder; B. Mulder; Henry Prins; R. Boonstra; Holland Front Rge. Lt.; Rear Rge. Lt.; Fog W.; Macatawa; Ottawa Beach; R. R. Dock; Hotel Dock; Lakeside Inn Dock; Sav. Sta. & Sto. Sig. Sta.; Park Dock; Macatawa Dock; Yacht Club Dock; S. Shore Dock; Thompson Dock; Beidler Dock; J. C. Gould; Geo. Bredler; H. Bradshaw; E. Harrington; Allegan Twp.; Aukazoo Dock; Drake Point Lt.; Merdosheimer Dock; Levin & Idema; F. Dykewa; Mrs. D. Drake; Saugatuck Junction; Car Barn; J. J. Blum; Ed. St. John; G. St. John; Henry Teussink; Tyler McEwin; Wm. Helmink; Jennie Dunnewia; W. Benedict; Land Co. Dock; Point Superior; St. Josehp Dock; Zeese Dock; Poole Dock; Mrs. E. Zeese; E. A. Fisher; Geo. Birkhof, est.; J. Kutte; Chas Knutson; Chas. Krutt; John Erinkman; C. Lokker; F. Damsen; L. Lugers; E. E. Harrington; H. Cook; Al. Baker; J. De Metz; G. Cook; B. Cook; A. Walma; L. Luger; G. A. Pool; W. Brusse; A. Timmer; H. Ebelink; Geert Vredevela; R. S. Jones; School; Mrs. J. Dogger; E. Beckman; J. Van Vulpen; R. & J. Wiegmink & J. Zaggens; H. Dunnewindem Est.; Cem.; Dan’l Wise; H. P. Knutsen; Wm. Reus; J. Balgoogan; G. Van Ark; A Siersma; Wm. Piebenge; Wm. Por; Mrs. A. C. Van Raate; Peter Mellma; Wm Venhuizen; Susan Vander Belt; Rev. Bensma; S. Dykstra; G. J. Deuer; J. Beukema; G. E. Vander Berg; G. J. Berg; G. J. Deuer; J. Van Appledorn; Wilber Van Appledon; Holland Hatcher; J. G. Melma; J. Westington; M. Grinwis; A. Leit; P. D. Venhuizen; W. Venhuizen; H. J. Kooyer; S. E. Pas; J. E. Pas; A. Witterdink; E. W.; W. H. Van Den Berg; J. A. Bloemers; J. C. Reinold; J. W. Wilterdink; G. W. Hesselink; J. A. Wilterdink; G. Deur; A. Elferdink Est.; J. W. Wilterdink; J. P. Naber; Albertus Evers; John Dehaan; Van Voorst; Hendit Bor; J. A. Bloemers; A. J. Kapenga; F. Van Sloten; R. Warner; Fred. Creerling; John Hoeksema; H. Helder; G. Kapenga; M. Pelon; Peter Naber; J. J. Naber Est.; Johannes Naber; J. Wersing; Gerrit Rooks; Jerry De Vries Est.; Frens; J. Kapenga; J. B. Mulder; S. Boonstra; R. Root; Sabe Zeeryp; Johannes Naber; John Jansen; Eli. VerHoeven; H. H. Rooks; Nies Nies Est.; Jacob Boeve; Fred. Thiel; W. J. Rooks; Zeeland Twp.; C. Ritzmeyer; P. Krey; Solon Doggett; Ed. Balcom; Chas. De Val; Fred. Ade; J. Davenport, Est.; Frank Blodgett; Daggett St.; J. W. Cozier; Miller St. Hotel; Warehouse; Blacksmith; Livery; Solon Daggett; Conklin St.; Original Town; Creamery; Grand Rapids & Indiana; Mill; J. Davenport Est.; Maplewood Add.; Grove St.; Post Office; Bank; Depot; Factory; Sehler St.; Cherry St.; Main St.; Odd Fellows Hall; J. W. Cazier; J. Davenport; Norman Harris; D. McWilliams; D. A. Bean; R. Stonehouse; S. W. Steele; A. J. Stewart; Dan Emmons Note:

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Page  66

Page  67 q Ir C7-4-----.--ý 4~~~I A Y..-ko I 67 - 4 0. (I 0 r P.JPart -of Uown-shirp. 7 and 8 Xonth, St 2ange is VWest of the S~ich/gun Sferidz'an Bus1 o Jn&ny Ps Cc 4'0. Po ~Qk~rn.WcncZC.J e:610<. lai mmmmommmim ap, 'po-eg ý I 21~72 zor 0) /41-dins I i i.246, 71.07a.-I I P 2'-'Ut 7 6C7C10,:57aZ 1-2 I Jo zo I I w Uf7 Atr reT? IDa. i -.- Co - - - -. go. U' -1 r.L 4 %Aiw. - I Z72. AuU i F w.dnn1CY Pla'/7za PO0. -r ý2ra~0. I' a Iw. i pba I I C I A 0 I 9 11' elcA Star.)Jc5 2K/f 4foflefensoz JO. N I, I, Ir Qj ell _2zykT I '47-fnw 9 -;I-A I Th% It= - ýf o'-I -,1;% -7 ZAR --P- - - ^::;A:;e - jr 4L Z feke S It i. - I i. - 26, 1 "t - I I -2 r -POQ z z4 r'. __4119 - __m _.-O. - N -1 do0. 00 P7~O. J.,zcoc / ozny I I MP- - ý 75 1 -,-. _- -- X- -V7ý -.-L ý I -,.,y.!=::!z!= n-nfl C/2ZJC'~C) I10do crnso Ix I 1% I r Z2cfeo. Bro N PVC #so. MY'S. c- C n z9oerznc ""Ppo si'o&r-. Al tfoflAen &73 I I::ptaz 51r9, 11 -F 2 042 ry2b Ut LV A. I5-JoZn.72Z cchnz~,nC2do.4!d L0.zill Cilleý ItR I I --a jr, )tAS Cra v-en. T do. C C172as 7'o.sz~ 67 1 C7' - =44,,j9rMj5x\v C P SOAYCat 201w aDr 0/colaprb Win-i C4-/0AC. C (o re0,z & / ma-.3o. PO S yýI.? O. 60 'Y I2..A...OII.. IUn.lan___ - __ _ _ &~ k o 9e ý2y A.r 700 -- p Cus."Jo4n C' & ZOjO-~0 #. #0 __ D~ 1~Q -0 a z9'' Are Il. o. a aAg4 h"',YdZ7ler - O h L,-a s ye.0 hc7 ___ ___~ ~ mo K:~~ 'o" otrc %A/lArZ z.'oz. 4>2 Jozz2,J tA7 f *48. I~i0 ta__ __ o. 20 10.o lo [Va- C luplrj3 ~.C& s w C-CAT kc 'A Elt cn< 10hQ rz77 'o,ýjfio.\y T'csr~ T~aVe~o/c 7tccs ~ z/atY a/o %zc. o msocc ~oraIYa A/fa' rY,,zj/gi"z.W6K PO....- B lreJI~zbQ~~c 011 Co roc '; ~-N F rzgo.2- \0 47' ML~1 ' 'lavAw? cA c//z C) ý-Z: ~ g2 @KCon/2leg f U-P0 - go. po 0N'' do do kl2/-0/ 0P.I P... - c ol.1. ' A - 4w C' a C a. C. N I 'a 9 S3. KY Z$$\ertzN-chSO6$ L~ic 7% 67, 2 4 IL )QJ Oi:zc-7k eg~7 4. 40 'C SV/ C m ' *. 4 4 * 4 *"4 .. t *. * * Title: Map of Crockery Township 7 N; 8 N 15 W Keywords: Muskegon Co.; A. Bush; John Haney; Wm. June; Mrs. Provin; A. Bilz; C. J. Woodward; C. Ogren; Station; F. Memeger; Mrs. Smigh; W. Calkins; R. Mienk; Grand Rapids, Grand Haven & Muskegon Elec. Ry.; John Haney; Thos. Williams; N. Mergener; J. Mergener; Wm. Messer; A. H. Van Antwerp; F. Corll; G. Lindburg; Anna Plant; A. Hale; M. Johnson; O. Johnson; Ed. Hill; Jos. Mergenen; F. Jhunkie Est.; Chas. Swanson; L. W. Holland; Peter Stark; H. Mortenson; Swan Swanson; And Johnson; Jacob De Jong; Clyde Welton; Chas. McMann; P. Breau; Ben Breau; Mary Hayes; Geo. Ickes; J. W. Johnson; Aug. Schulke; John Mergenen; A. Molendyke; Wm. Cooper; B. Merguier; Homer & Howard Shepard; B & M Merquier; Abe Fletcher; Adam Redding; Chas. Zimmerman; A. Brown; Mrs. John Boerma; J. B.Craven; Chas. Polsen; Jos. Englert; Wm. Withey; John Hecksel; Peter Englert; F. Diendorf; A. L. Lawrence; John Schmidt; E. O. Cilley; Eliz Cilley; C. A. Moffit; Christian Johnson; D. E. Malcom; Bixby; P. Spoolma; R. Spoolma; Fred Dornbos; School; Aloys Bilz; Geo. Spoolma; H. Klunder; Dela Melcom; A. Yonker; W. Yonker; Aug Urban; R. Smart; Otto Urban; P. Schipper; H. Madderman; G. Smant; A. Ostdyke; Sam Dickman; Geo. Shears; E. R & A. G. Porter; C. Thompson; E. D. Brook; A. Hall; Alice E. Terry; B. Vandermolen; Jerry Start; Dennis Cornell; Francis J. Plank; H. Mortenson; Wm. Earnst; A. P. French; Fred Green; W. C. Green; C. Van Sluys; John Van Lozenoord; F. D. Cooper Est.; Aug Urban; Geo Tracy; Andrew Anderson; Aug. Anderson; A. Towler; Carl Koper; Ora Moondike; John Boerma; Mrs. Van Slife; Wm. Collins; Geo. Zender; G. T. Farr; H. Stark; Peter Laital; Klaas Holtrop; Wm. Albrecht; E. Willburg; Ed. Lawrence; M. Wildley; Steve Karafa; F. Diendorf; Lane & Markham; F. Diendorf; G. Gould; Sam Dell; Alfred Wildey; A. M. Rogers; Geo. Spoolman; Walter Yonker; Aloys Bilz; M. Sterze; John Cook; H. Madderman; G. Poinp; R. Wagonmaker; A. Donner; H. Weirenga; A. Gustafson; Peter Klunder; R. Smant; Ralph Tunis; G. Gustafson; H. Vanderzwag; J. Vanderzwag; H. Simmons; M. Clinder; Grand Trunk R. R.; E. F. Denman; A. Cunningham; Jos. Marks; Wm. Wintermyre; Thereasa Shear; H. Ahren; John Eckoff; Claud Thacker; Jas. Valence; O. Williams; A. Lugene; Fred Lugene; L. Lugene; Jas. Palen; Casper Koluick; O. Schillenger; Cem.; E. Richmond; Wm. Winter; O. P. Carpenter; M. L. Fritz; V. Moeller; O. Schillenger; Chas. Hagon; John Pickett; Gus. Nicholson; M. Hines; Nunica; Wm. Carpenter; T. Roach; John Medham; Jas. Ray; A. Brown; Ira Taylor; Dan Nichols; J. D. Piekett; Aug. Worth; John Pickett; H. Ernst; Wm. Wernst; J. D. Shugart; H. Aurich; I. P. Evans; John Caanaugh; Cora Holman; Phil Heckel; Jas. Conley; H. Herwood; A. Osbeck; Jennie Gibbs; N. Balcom; John Conley; Jas. Cooley; D. Ironda; Lou. Doering; J. Vanderzwag; John Hecksel; Chas. Machek; Peter Steinback Est.; H. Borchers; Wm. Hammond; E. Chittenden; Wm. Wachter; John Borchers; A. Mergener; T. De Hahn; H. F. Harbeck; H. Ahrens; John Hecksel; John Klintworth; B. Klintworth; Peter Roseback; John Borchers; Peter Wagle; E. F. Cook; H. Simmons; B. Merkins; T. Ritsma Est.; Frank Merkins; Wm. Minel Est.; M. Spencer; Claus Borcus; H. Ahrens; J. Eckhoff; Chas. Erhorn; Church; H. E. Plant; Medad Spencer; R. F. D; Erhorn Sidney Scott; Ada Konke; Fred Gordon; J. Douck; Wm. Brown; J. Douck; John Pickett; Kate Scott; John Holmes; Frank Davison; O. Gleason; Frank Davison; Drury Dalen; J. D. Schugart; May Wyman; John W. York; Stewart Gleason; May Wyman; Wm. Hallock; Harris Kirby; E. Ray; Dan McMillan; H. Sherwood; A. C. Muzzall; H. Slayter; R. J. Enos et al.; Wm. Hallock ; Wm Esterly; D. Friks; Emmous Chittenden; Chas. Warber; D. Gray Est.; John Warber; Wm. Chittenden; H. G. Milliman; J. DeGroft; J. Vanderzwag; H. Vanderweel; Aug. Warnke; Cora Robinson; Peter Lex; John Bunkhoudt; B. Klintworth; H. Klintworth; John & Charles Major; Wm. Wachter; John & Charles Major; Martin Easterly; Fred Nehme; Warren Sanders; Martin Easterly; John Viebrock; Fred Viebrock; Frank Viebrock; A. Bilz; Marg’t Viebrock; John Sifert; Matilda Peterson; J. Holmes; J. D. Pickett; Comstock Konkle; G. Kirby; J. Kirby; Crockery Cn; Geo. Kirby; Nic. Balders; Fred Warnke; K. Barbrick; Wm. Weaver; H. G. Rider; Herman Hillman; Stewart Gleason; Peter Muller; J. B. Murray; G. Bartholamew; Mary Mackey; John Klintworth; B. J. Taylor; Lester Seymour; Sophid Werly; Spring Lake Twp.; Ira Cross; F. M Gardner; E. Worthing; Wm. Mertz; John Bunkhoudt; Wm. Mertz; H. Wilson; Sidney; Scott; Grand River; Robinson Twp.; Orin Borden; Eli Smith; Wm. Weaver; Hugo Minkrautz; E. Edwards; V. A. Mautin; O. Fongar; V. A. Mautin; L. Barring; H. A. Taylor; Jos. Smith; Taylor; M. Griswold; M. Concannon; F. Benjiman; Cem; Polkton Twp.; E. Benjiman; Prof. Myers; S. Dickson; Phil Coats Note:

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Page  69 Sari of.7wnships8 7 and S Xorth, 2neI eto h ~eia 0 dryoprc rzscz.I ( -D, 5zezt7 z (J ý- r _k. Le-ie f Eeitc eo R 7 ql __ ft~ ~ JoO ma ~ jos P H u G~cscA'H G14) 60 zn ~.e~J5 ~zy/~Fc~n e Dyhe~ My? A7. da~k~~' writ' te 0 it 2Frsc-!aseoG csOa '800 Q40' 4S0o 40W00ggife 6 ' dS BAV K ~gaizttztt~ j ~es-~ s A~ex~ Mz40 E~~e c~Lzn q- F At Pa!?Iferidian &Boitw od 4=000,~so 760 -r ppeA Tzce E M -t C/eO, J e ~ e.*s P~be cec~et rn1stz e$ccu0aS / 80 I s/yt c~t is rerz&Cirec ~ 117~&40 IL 60 80.11 p0 Y4FZc gsdom Y~f.$ StlW.Geo0. Aax-rq- I! VI r ansfl 4-0~ R440Ptctzc 4~5it ~ T/70 re-ins I % 760* 8 Qt60 FWeier S C')ln' -A mlu( tC% ~ O vvetc 220 TI. I7ri5aec - 40vTSa 70 0,Rn-r An 4 0; Sing I ilk) '~ cli.-w0 40 &0 -0 __ _ _ __Y3 - - - - - 40 T~ziA/ccvzz.I &.2a-D be 80 ~80j -w](Osoc 6-, 40 ý oýza n.az ~ 40 c) 60 0.4 ~ ~e 411 41 *04 16 4 404 40 OB~inn LActn j 7 CA e60 afl 400 )- Frot J':Ze ~ 4a, 4 _a_ w 40* 'O-LIVE / /7Defaal _ ___ _ 4P40 DeI q760 I/Z -fzzyer F Fe, -, ). 2"ay to_40 80 ~ He Acize Ccl sc o enA r Sa s cc 4 b I Uc!ico~bsor- ' '41t- 0J li~a 80 80. 4 i ~~4K crA'iN,' r' ) 'o 0 ~/7aL~e Fllws oei 2ý__ -80 04-0i -of_______ac_______#A_______z__ N N )I! 2 If A 15 lllýv f I. ff rv ff. -. / %-j r r. -A r r -w. & Title: Map of Robinson Township 7 N; 8 N 15 W Keywords: Crockery Twp.; Grand River; Estate of C. H. Clark; F. C. Heyn; S. Lutenslager; School; D. W. Sweetland; Res.; A. H. Waldron; G. Wenger; J. F. Scheuerman; A. Brownski; Joachim Wax; Addie Clark; M. Krumpeck; L. Wargo; C. Wax; R. Stepheny; E. Holsinger; Fred Moll; A. W. Pelton; A. M. Clark; C. Maurer; D. H.; A. E. Cobb; R. Meinzel; Sidney Clark; Adeline Clark; S. G. Tripp; S. Robinson; R. H. Robinson; Cem.; Weber; B.; Estate of C. H. Clark; F. C. Heyn; H. C. Franezen; H. C. F.; Fritz Quade; M. Larsen; W. S. Hall; John Glafeke; W. S. Hall; Wm. Hornbaker; Jesse Halverson; Wm. Osmen; W. S. Hall; R. Hoffman; E. E. Moberg; R. Ryerson; E. Ladnizki; E. Ehas; F. Klinger; J. Blies; M. Mayer; Leo. Blies; Josef Fick; P. Palmer; John Spengler; H. C. Franezen; John Spengler; L. Vollmen; Fannie Foreman; J. Wax; M. Freh; C. Kuhn; G. Busch; M. Hartman; L. Werkenthein; B. Dopker; Fred Krumpeck; Wm. Lutz; H. Huff; Otto Frieman; Wm Martin; Wm Richardson; C. A. Clark; John Prentice; H. Kuhlman; H. Schnieder; Geo. Allen; N. P. Lukou; A. Kowal; A. Harwry; C. Zlotinski; Otto Gerard; H. A. Tripp; Otto Gerard; J. C. Borring Est.; Aug. Kanninski; Luoius Boltwood; J. G. Tripp; Jens Jenson; Wm Dietrich; C. Zlotninski; School; Ira E. Robinson; Brouty; A. R. Cordes; A. Robinson; A. Woodworth; Wm Hecksel; Wm. Bryant; Al Bryant; Kilbourn & Kilbourn; Mrs. L. Wheat; F. M. Hannum; John Stoke; John Bretschneider; J. Halverson Est.; Jno. Vanek; Leopold Vollmer; Wm. Herberstriet; A. J. Knight; Theo. Lessien; R. F. D.; Amalie Vollmer; Fred Gade; Gus Kimling; B. Kraemers; A. Hackmiller; A. Schulze; Peter Schenck; K. Kluge; F. Zerber; C. E. Stearns Est.; P. Sauser; A. Buetner; R. Sommers; Miller; L. Metzler; G. Goarse; Fisher; A. Lakkamp; G. Huss; Fred Metzler; F. Boster; C. Pippel; G. Metzler; M. Slipkwitz; C. Pippel; G. Sauser; Gus Weber; Gustav Metzler; Antonie Rohloff; John Brems; Jacob Lutz; Chas. A. Wiechering; D. Allen; J. C. Borring Est.; A. Wheat; T. Wolf; Frank Retzlaff; David Allyn; E. Butrick; Wm. Foster; Wm Griswold; John Pippel; K. Price; C. Kerhof; D. D. Hunt; Harry Austin; C. A> Bertrim; A. J. White; Nels Sorenson; Kilbourn & Kilbourn; E. Scott; C. E. Soule; Ira. Scott; H. Bartholomew; A. J. & L. E. Knight; A. J. Knight; E. Rauhut; John Addoms; G. Fritz; F. G. Bethke; Herman Primas; F. Gade; Fred Bethke; S. Mattull; F. Zerle; R. Bethke; F. W. Bethke; F. G. Bethke; Res. F. G. Bethke; Emil W. Bethke; J. Bethke; Alex Witzman; Goe. Gross; Margaret Wiert; Lizzie Wax; S. Beckett; Margl Schneider; H. C. A. Bronckman; Frank Lutz; P. M. Pederson; J.H. Mahder; Wm. Brady; S. Beckett; F. Borgwordt; I. Mahlgren; W. H. Tabler; S. Buszek; F. Metzler; L. Metler; Jul. Selke; Al. Kaninski; John Shire; Jesse Ball; Nettie Ball; J. Brems; John Powell; A. Szymonowski; Peter Leibrazk; M. Tuttle; Ja. H. Tuttle; Res.; Fred Smardo; Wm Berg; Wm Hecksel; Geo. Webel; Fred Grahm; J. Wax; J. Dudzik; Jas. Cameron; Aug Chaffee; H. D. Sheldon; J. D. Cameron; Res.; F. W. Frietchen; Len French; J. Van Huizen; Aug Nichols; Etta French; D. Cheesman; Wm. Walter; Chas. Ralya; Thos. Graham; A. D. Foster; Len French; B. French; Wm Berg; Fred Berg; William Weiland; W Berg; Carl Berg; Rich Berg; Wm Stille; Peter Schneider; F. T. Conrad; Chas. Gross; Antone Jakobrowski; R. F. Worley; A. K. Dransfeldt; R. F. Worley; H. C. A. Bronkman; Chas. Brems; John Brems; John Mahader; Robinson; Art. Brems; John Brems; J. Brems; G. Groenhof; Geo. Roterink; S. Van Single; C. Vanderhavel; John Brems; E. Fast; Jno. Parkinson; Eli Parish; L. F. Ralya; F. Borgewalt; C. Van Haven; John Conant; Geo. Fast; W. B. Nichols; C. Ralya; Bass River; E. Veenstra; A. G. Darbee; W. A. Darbee; Fred Conant; Wm & Jacob Shippers; H. Still; T. Lessien; W. Schroeder; A. J. Knight; P. Mastenbroek; Fred Berg; W. J. Emery; Res.; P. Barnhart; Wm. Wieland; P. Correll; S. A. Correll; A. Fukari; W. T. Rork; R. F. Worley; M. Van Hall; P. Van Wie; L. Rotering; W. L. Fletcher; John Wiebrecht; Chas. Holmes; Mrs. D. Beckhuis; J. Van Single; Helen Vanderjagt; W. Pol; John Fish; Bernard Borghorst; John Brems; Frank Smith; Art Gruenwend; S. Schaf; T. Talsma; Ben Timmerman; C. Van Sluice Est.; R. Kuyers; John Kuyers; Alva Trumbull; R. H. Conant; Oscar Sanders; Henry Vugteveen; Orson Dodge; Dan Menser; Thos. Talsma; C. Van Havel; G. Martinie; John Van Stratt; Grand Haven Twp.; Jos. Milone; F. Binns; L. D. Post; John Peck; C. B. Binns; L. Van Slooten; M. Van Slooten; Jos Peck; F. Volmer; F. L. Reese; A. Van Raalte; E. Van Raalte; B. De Haas; F. Meyers; Peter Neinhuis; J. G. Walters; K. Heinrick; John Frost; J. G. Walters; W. L. Fletcher; Wm Barlow; J. Brown; Fred Stone; John Frost; A. Kameraad; F. Headley; Art Headley; A. De Haan; R. F. Worley; H. Kuyers; Rich Jacobson; Ed. Fellows; Levi Fellows; R. Kuyers; Dan Fish; P. De Vries; L. Helder; Fred Cook; G. Schroetenboer; E. Houstra; W. J. Fletcher; Lammer Poest; Amos Burch; G. Schroetenboer; J. Elenbas; E. Eastway; John Fish; Mrs. V. E. Dennis; G. H. Van Dyke; Ben Trimmerman; Lew Taylor; F. Salisbury; E. Schroetenboer Est.; Derk Driesnga; Allendale Twp.; Olive Twp.; Creamery Note:

Page  70

Page  71 MUSKEGON y 94kw__S O'40.o-.;40.0 q 9csA 4Zgap 1.9 ig 9.71 839. 5439,44 J Sare6-.Zý f reen 'i 1--d4 Is,7.2; 1acn..st's tI - N 1r t ~o brde, n Droz N oantos C)O0Brrtt.rc!zA4* Cte as 6-0. "",72o'ct Z C S:1 0 _ _ 4 _ _ op B ir I arrzZ i do I~&ieF!AC~ I t~ CCdo.bide 7-1' ~g/aq L~e ~ czj ~ ~ t R. cJn Fe. 7 2c.00 __ _ K. - mtA'N{2 ci at~z Ont 67 -63,5-Z2 - So-28I-.6'g. ~ -< tergt c4n0,6ncicff776 U__- ~~f * Fart ~mr919 -~2v-rcfý tj-ZooCn~~n 120 FI Joh 5rCO.ýt-ZK7 tt -ZFN C7slzzaz 4& toS 4l 5?.cnndoT/ ' R obta rei K I~~~~z AZ hriI 7 %~7 F7072q.e 5 2 Jon'-E~sr~~o.. O5Est ~497gero g__ ___a8 (Y0 60 ac 0 )o t$ to ~~Shecr ~ ~~~ I r~-Oto w osccnh ue ~f 6' ~9oAra ____ ii _ ____ _ __ __ tw 6 r4U0 Ko of A5. B. >el V 11 A527 2)' Ive ~r O a 6040 O 0 z -2-_ SaoztaaZNO.6D505 60 J.Smnyt% *. Pýr (rczzstr 6 cc9 4//ca s 7715'Iray / -r. Et F~~nHczArrrr fluntc77 6er.77 a77 Z~oeto;1r 0 %4.*1! 461-1 2-00 dl m-Cas. Real c(50 1 Jon7ý,, I do,eS6c CC 1 eDderyraR e.e7-d -GRiND a.rENNl II N 5 * tj ZO F. IVA K C, 2c ~ I~ >~ -_ ____80,~ ~sio ~o 0.~0 e ~'* Jas ~ ~ C.A"-& ww S~cZ h R. U.wo~'A2 Thn W Q) VW'{c7"122 log 0 c/ (Z5 *1eim K Tucn O w CA40_ _ _ __I 8 __Y_ 401 1' 227 do OVkO'anntnha7CBaa Ifo0-17 ezyne i-flar*Ctctnd c~-ted4o. ttcF csent* /YO_0_-6___L____W $0niererer(71t TO Zii Es80 0 ~ (] 'YO.40 Zo'yo 14/ I e faza- Z ýrC anArin Caer or ma (ouster27 Is 0.\ 40111 Pe40. so N)O r 47 Ni77e Aceh7zc 77 f 'Z.7 1% 60oLe0)A:0 T *70 IVA 46. 1- 40 0tjo 0 1J-K BENJ A (22? O ycc nylg 01 t~s~:r -B ush "_ 10to Chr~ Lz2L:Fccx Jon. aZ7 c' st c a c/rae, I *1 Zoo1Ech 4CLC 0.7 -tBon ich~ ~ (ke ter 6 J oe (sta9 Jb!frg8040 R 04 2> 10 ~ c ~~O~'re rVearn I4S uý Faý70UtiA 2 ocZrn tne N WiV iL ~ V i' j4. -_r #7 r-ott(7_72 -C _ 610___________"_ 40 rN SQ S Lb. O NS I Scale 2inches toImiie. Uown8hip 8 Xorth., S/tango 14West and 5'art of-Uownship. 7 Xorth, Stange 1 4 Vest of thSihgaS/edn M -M, *' Title: Map of Polkton Township 7 N; 8 N 14 W Keywords: Muskegon Co.; Church S. Stoddard; J. Brust; C. Blankenberg; Chas Newman; Geo. Green; J. P. Brown; M. Englert; G. Rollenhagen; F. K. Lake; Michael Klaat; M. Wilton; B. Wilton; Al. Shafer; School; Ed. Westrate; G. Germaquett; C. R. Lawton; Hoban Bros; W. J. Glynn et al; M. Culligan; W. Munger; Michael Malone; J. Clark; Michael Malone; Brad Taylor; Will Munger; Ed. Munger; Harriet Manchester; Jos. Abram; Brad Taylor Est.; G. A. Lillie Est; Frank Jourdan; E. A. Harris; E. L. Munger; Lew Sawyer; El. Peabody; Thos Barnett Est.; V. Hard; Chas Kirkbride; Frank Hill; S. P. Kirkbride; W. Kirkbride; R. Barnard; F. D. Smith; John Walford; School; Geo. Watson; E. Peabody; Norman Cole; Laura Hosmer; Jacob Smith Est.; A. Van Allsberg; Frank Woodcock; Earl Maycroft; F. Plant; Ray Gillespie; Wm. Joseph; Bert Titus; C. Washburn; John Ulmer; Thos Thatcher; Amanda McNiff; J. Ulmer; E. Hubbel; J. H. Golden; E. Penny; F. Plant; Geo. Conklin; John Seelman; C. H. Shafer Est.; Jane Shears; C. W. Neff; T. H. Klaat; E. Klaat; Mary Engler; O. Gibbs; G. Granstra; Pat’k Glynn; Al Venema; M. Culligan; Sherm Munger; John Clevenger; J. Smith; Douwe Bekius; E. D. Lawrence; Royal Taylor Est.; C. W. Richards; Geo. Taylor; J. Twogood; Geo. Twogood; H. A. Taylor; Geo. Twagood; A. D. Smith Est.; F. D. Smith; Walter Twogood; Rich. Nixon; Ed. Nixon; C. Bonshire; Rob’t Fonges; A. G. Burnett; W. Kirkbride; M. D. Givens; Geo. Gainsberg; A. G. Burnell; H. H. Butterfield; S. D. Hutchins; Oscar; Sailars; Jno. Thorson; Geo. Gainsberg; N. Hutchins; A. Bunnell; R. F. D.; Plinn Grieves; R. J. Cleland; Al Klomparnes; D. Flaherty; Mrs. J. W. Downs; T. Watson; H. Walcott; F. K. Andreas; Geo. Garter; J. Messenger; J. B. Pierson; Hy Kettle; S. Garter; L. Sickles; J. A> Whan; E. A. Wheeler; Chesterman Messenger; Laura Galloway; Boss Dell; Thos. Malone; Pat’k Glynn; M. McGrath Est.; Wm Fitzpatrick; G. Gelderma; Gr. Rapids Gr. Haven & Muskegon Elec. Ry.; John Stevens; Tho’s Malone; Grand Trunk R. R.; Douwe Bekius; Shroud Ellenbaas; William Bolthouse; Church; Martin Culligan; T. H. McCarthy; F. Jones; John Cooney; J. Borches; Dennis Michaels; Dennison P.O.; S. E. McLellan; A. A. Smith; E. Haysted; D. Dimmok; Wade Helser; S. F. McLellan; J. Burgomaster; H. Laug Jr.; Jas. Peabody; Ed Gates; G. N. Taylor; Geo. Marshall; Jas. Nixon; Wm. Nixon; Frank DeCan; John Swartz; W. Bliss; T. Jordan; A. S. Blackmer; F. Peabody; Chas Taylor; John Laug; Wm. Laug; Geo. Longfield; Wm. Nixon; Geo. Hull; Herman Albrecht; Levi Stamp; Chas H. Taylor; Cem.; Myron Bush; Beaver Cr.; A. W. Irish; Chas H. Taylor; Peter Braamse; Wm. Ter Avest; L. E. Peck; F. Peck Est.; Henry J. Weaver; Hy Jackson Est.; John Jackson; John Medgner; Wm Slater; Jas. Higgins; A. Hilliard; C. Carpenter; Homer Hanchet; H. H. Vinsent; H. Timmerman; Geo. Koder; O. E. Jennings; M. Gibbs; L. Cole; H. Scutchens Est.; A. Hilliard; D. Cleland et al; Deek Winter; John Bushman; Hillard; E. R. Mower; Geo. Gusman; S. C. McLellan; Jas. Hilditch; Geo. Twogood; Pat’k Malone; John Cooney; D. Grasman; Hy Vinnaman; S. A. McLellan; Jacob Connell; Ed. Walbring; Patrick Callahan; John Koening; F. W. Turner; Hy Marshall; J. Jordon; Harm Busman; Nat. Kelly; L. E. Durphy; E. Hanter; Fred Stegenga; Cora Haban; Chet Austin; T. Nixon; S. Niles; B. Dumas; Chas Taylor; E. A. Stewart; Geo. Zellner; Carl Albrecht; F. A. Hicks; Coopersville; H. L. Laug; C. Bunning; C. L. Keegan; L. Mead Est.; Henry Ferguson; N. McIntyre; M. F. Lawton; L. W. Pierce; E. A. Hamilton; F. L. Borgwell; H. J. Lake; Hy Lake; H. H. Averill; W. Morehard; E. Averill & I. Hill; F. Stiles; J. Vansinger; D. Salton; Mrs. J. Thompson; F. D. Smith; G. Van Oordt; L. Timmerman; A. D. Griswold; Al. Plewrs; Ed. Peiler; R. Timmerman; Wm. Mergner; Chas Barnard; Jos. Voshal; C. M. Moore; R. Clelland; J. Kusler; Alex Sweet; John Busman; John Newland; R. & H. Cleland; Simon Ruster; C. A. Sadler; J. Terpstra; Geo. Spenner; L. Vanderherberg; Derk Bos; Geo. Tarben; Thos. Newland; P. Luidens; J. Terpstra; Peter Vanderherberg; Hy Lubben; Chris A. Sadler; Ed Wallbring; J. Workman; J. H. Bennink; Nellie Platt Est.; C. F. Tattu; M. Platt Est.; H. Fisk; Wm. Cunningham; A. H. Busman; Al. Bosman; Hy Gunniman; J. Sietsema Est.; Roswell Jordan; J. Mulder; Hy. Elbers; H. Laug, Sr.; John Lubben; H. Buseman; M. Sistema; L. J. DeMaardg; Hamp Platt; Art Allsberg; Si Sichterman; H. Mindersma; J. Webber; Wm. Slootmaker; L. Elbers; D. Van Allsburg; A. Van Nette; Mrs. Wm. Platt; G. Laug; Vil. Of Coopersvile; Gart De Klepp; S. B. Harting; Herb Vankoevering; J. Vansinger; F. Stiles; Benj. Lillie; Geert Smoes; G. Veeneman; Fred Citcop; Fred Van Allsburg; Jos. Moser; H. J. Stiles; S. Mattison; Olive Jenson; J. H. Benton; H. Benjiman; S. N. Dickinson; N. Anderson; A. Erickson; C. Hehl; Sim. Zimmer; John Hintz/ J. Hintz; Jacob Hehl; John Fenger; Fred Hintz; Crockery Twp.; Jos. Voshal; Hy Shippers; John Ranoff; A. Zimmer; F. Spinner; J. Rankin; J. Vandermere; J. Bakins; F. Olson; Ed. Spinner; Geo Hubbard; Harm Sistema; Hy Workman; Hy Shippers; Hy Workman; Thos Smith; Lelie Plutschouw; H. Swartz; John Hintz; Wm. Vander Veen; Fred Flagel; J. H. Bennink; Benj. Meerman; Ed. DeVries Est.; P. Bolhuis; Fred Flagel; H. Klousterhous; J. Mulder; Ralph Walt; F. Elbers; H. Bennink; John Brinks; L. J. De Maardg; J. Bolhuis; John Harling; J. E. Van Allsberg; J. Witcop; Art Koonman; A. Van Allsburg; Stewart Bolhuis Est.; S. Van Allsburg; E. Van Allsburg; Deer; Wm. Platt Est.; G. De Kiep H. J. Stiles; T. H. Lillie; H. H. Handlogton; H. Stroven; J. M. Hill; Wm. Stehouwer; Wright Twp.; F. R. Moulton; J. Ruoff; A. Dahl; E. D. St Subin; Casper Dietz; C. De Jonge; Pauline Baldus; Edgar Hawn; L. A, Molenaux; Allendale Twp.; Thos & Fred Zimmer; A. Zimmer; D. Burner Est.; Ernest Rice; M. Baldus; M. Hodkins; L. Spinner; May Bliss; F. Spinner; J. H. Modderman; John Kulikamp; Frank King; I. Koun; W. H. King Est.; County Farm; Jennie Vanderbout; Jos. Lieffers; M. Wells Estate; Henry Garrison; M. A. Sietsema; Art Kooiman; Peter Kramer; Henry Flagel; P. J. Myers; Eastmanville; S. F. Smith; O. Lull; O. Slaughter; Jas. Mulder Est.; V. Stroven; Walter Morse; Mrs. B. Borgman; John Meihuizer; J. De Vries; J. Boukamp; Dana Mastenbrook; P. Mastenbrook; Sybrant Cook; Wm. Boukamp Est.; John Cook; Al Cook; D. Kramer; John Potts; Geo. Stroven; E. Elgersma; Kooistra Bros; A. E. Arkin; Ferdinand Stoever; Wm. Rice; J. Gafvert; F. Spinner; County Farm; Grand River; J. H. Modderman; County Farm; Jennie Vanderbout; Jos. Lieffers; G. M. Wells; Mrs. Van Patten; C. Kelsey; S. Leefers; Johnson; Art Hamilton; C. Hoover; P Matenbrook; V. Lanting; G. Stroven; G. Bennink; John Cook; Al Cook; M. Van Houten; Theo Smith; G. Ripma; M. Van Singer; Ed. Thayer; Tallmadge Twp. Note:

Page  72

Page  73 *4o 4P?2 $- e2 * 49.01 VI 1\3ct /zGL ~ 9~~J' KL$I Ii qjN N.$N~iq ~ S 4 4 ____ ______L I:so.*.0_ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ a~U ý2 oI $z *0/(: -I~G Lt~ ts o <R..;bn c-7 Title: Map of Allendale Township 7 N 13 W; 14 W Keywords: Polkton Twp.; J. Van Huizen; I. Van Weeldien; A. Bryant; Bert Vicker; J. H. Van Huizen; L. A. Molenezux; Jos. Probst; Frank Chappell; Elyan Smead; Church; A. J. White; Walsman Van Toll; D. S. Woodworth; John Van Huizen; Ed. Thayer Est.; School; Harm Bosch; Wells Parish; H. J. Ten Brink; Lewis Melma; G. Gertsma; John Langyus; Anthony Jasper; John Huizega; H. Brink; Peter Wolenga; Mason Wyatt; Grand River; jnos Wyatt; Wm. Buttenberg; John Ossewaarde; Frank Fox Est.; Herm Lenters; Frank Fox; R. Roberts Est.; K. Bailey; Dyk Bros; Res.; Tallmadge Twp.; David Marks; Ch. Bertram; N. S. M. Stron; Bass Riv.; H. Harrington; J. D. Stover; S. W. French; Egbert Wensink; B. Stevers; Delos Eckler; P. J. Stelma; Egbert Wensink; Wells Parish; Spring Hill Farm; Hy Klinge; John Parish; Hy Klinge; Well Parish; G. Rennet; Frank Allen; G. Youne; H. O. Brown; Mart Brown; Geo. Leggett; Wm. Bowman; H. Brink; Wm. Myers; Herm. Twinstrad; E. E. Smead; Klaas Ham; E. H. Smead; Henry Piere; Harrison Stevens; Ira See; Ernie See; Wm. See; R. Hornstra; John Huizenga; F. See; J. Russell; L. Wagonen; Ira Deneff; C. D. Schilleman; Mary A. Pritchard; H. B. Cooley; F. Cooley; Wyoe Eling; Al. Krake; B. Gunn; Albert Perkins; D. Roeters; L. Van Timeren; Hy. KNoper; Val. Siebert; H. H. Cooley; C. S. Knap; Mrs. P. Bailey; Cem.; Dyk Bros; Traders Cr.; Alvert Peters; Hy. Peters; Mary A. Pritchard; Jacob Zylstra; Nellie Johnson; Peter Post; F Sickman; Al Schmid; Pete Hook; David Mohr; John Mohr; Wm. Schmidt; John Thurkeltle; P. Hook; C. Post; Ed. Wright; Walter Tate; John Hook; Harter & Easton; Trum Hubbel; Thos. Rosema; John Poleska; Peter McMillan; Benj. Bukema; P. J. Stelma; Dick Kunyaus; E. Klinyaus; D. W. Wessema; Wm. Bonman; R. De Young; A. Burkema; Geo. Cowell; Wm. Bonman; John Wielsma; Wm. Schippers; C. R. Parish; C. Sheffield; D. Kiest; F. Sheffield; E. S.; Dick Kiestra; Benj. Lemmer; H. Sheffield; Wm. Guilds; Wm. Schippers; Wm. Bowman; Al Eisen; Al. Walcott; G. Holleboon; Paul Breen; John Schout; A. Alderink; A. Eisen; Benj. Veldhuis; Al Krake; Al. Polgaten; Benji Custer; L. L. Hunt; R. F. D.; John E. Jones; Wm. Marning; Avery Scott; School; Val. Seabent; Hy. Rutman; Al Kraker; D. Faroe; Hy. Rutman; F. G. Cage; A. Clement; Al. Gemmen; M. Horlings; Peter Westbeer; Hy. Luisman; J. Horlings; E. Post; Mrs. J. Horlings; Herman Brower; Egbert Post; Susan Sheridan Est.; G. Wolcott; Henry Jacobitz; Coe Branderhurst; H. J. Dyk; Hy Luisman; E. Potgeter; Al. Hinken; J. Kolberg; John Kinsbury; Al. Hinken; Tony Hook; Lemuel Bldkeney; J. T. Sheridan; Nicholas Busker; J. J. Hoving; Ernest Pixley; J. Klingsbury; Arthur Bos; C. Vertee; Jacob Chuiling; Henry Kraker; A. Westenboch; Abel Westenbrock; Dan’l Neewsen; D. Wesema; Bass Cr.; Lewis Taylor; H. C. Bement; Peter Roon; J. M . De Jonge; W. Knowlton; John Barnett; A. Robinson; T. Van Dyke; Nan Van Dyke; Hy. Smith; H. Smith; John Alderink; T. McGee; H. D. Woolrink; I. Swartz; A. Holleboom; Res.; Isaac Walrink; J. Jurink; F. Knoper; A. Eisen; J. H. Veldhuis Est.; G. Straton; Peter Jurink; Rolf Systema; Martin Jassema; Rolf Brink; J. D.; Allendale P.O.; M. Hicks; John Swanson; B. Van Dyke; F. De Vriendt; F. Velthuis; G. L. Hicks; Walt Scott; G. Jinkins; J. Lippert; R. Jenkins; John Myers; C. Scott; R. Scott; Walter Scott; L. Wilson; R. E. Thompson; J. Walman; Walt Scott; C. Thompson; Jas Phillips; C. Parker; Richard Owens; H. Broene; Mrs. A. Dyk; C. Bruner; H. Lenter; Dirk Faroe; H. Hotmyer; H. Veldink; J. Olson; R. Draght; H. P. Olson; B. Swanson; S. Lentes; J. Dyke; E. Pladerman; P. Verlee; H. Gemmen; E. Dubois; J. Veenstra; School; J. Jacobus; J. F. Topp; Ottawa; F. Potgeter; J. Jacobus; Jul Kolberg; A. Dubois; Henry Rister; Mar Bowman; Aug. Dubois; K. Scholman; Peter Westerberg; K. Scholman; F. Engle; John Brant; Sil Sweet; J. J. Hoving; Wm. Rister; Robinson Twp.; Bass Riv.; Egbert Overway; Frank Taylor; Adrian Lyndyke; Holland Church; Cas. Quick; E. E. Ackley; Hy. Coeling; John Roterink; Jas. De Young; Geo. Thompson; W. Thompson; Harm Brinks; Manis Stiff; C. De Jonge; Klaas Greewold; Hy. Coling; Jas De Young; C. De Young; Henry Coeling; J. Walbink; Al. Hulet; A. Styf; S. Visser; Dich Barnvelt; Tgerk Post; Jacob Verlee; Little Bass; Jarsma & Adema; Klaas Debone; Reuse Post; C. Rose; John Myers; R. Sweet; Walter Scott; J. Thurket; Rense Post; A. L. Hill; Philo Way; Hy. Jenkins; A. F. Gervills; A. L. Hill; K. Gravling; G. H. Walbrige; W. Walbrink; C. Thompson; H. Seabert; B. Adema; J. Jenkins; Al Pierson; Pierson Estate; Harm Knoper; G. Tursin; S. Swanson; John Parm; C. Rittenberg; Hy Green; Alchenson; M. Sevensky; Peter Knoper; Ad. Van Faroe; Geo. Pole; C. Bouma; G. Alderink; Jos. Lorimer; Thomas Lockhart; A. Schilling; H. Papke; Rob’t Newman; Peter Hanson; G. Engel; M. Rozena; Aug. Dubois; C. Schilling; Georgetown Twp.; Blendon Twp. Note:

Page  74 Title: Michigan Keywords: Keweenaw; Copper Har.; Deer L.; Lac La Belle; Bete Griso Bay; Pt. Isabelle; Keweenaw Pt.; Keweenaw Bay; Manitou Isl.; Eagle Harbor; Delaware Mine; Gratiot Lake; Canada; Pie Isl; Isle; Royale; Amygdalbid Isl.; Amygdaloid Isl.; Passage Isl.; Grill Isl; Blakes Pt.; Rock Harbor; Minong; Todds Har.; Isle Royale Light; Siskawit Is.; Siskawit Bay; Siskawit Lake; Washington Harbor; Keweenaw County; Lake Superior (done); Chippewa Har.; Rainbow Cove; Washington Isl; Johns; Ontonagon Ind. Res.; Elm R.; Allouex Mill; Kearearbe; Wolverine; Centennial; Belt Line; Red Jacket; Opeohee P.O. or Osbeola; Berwons Riaby; Demmon; Franklin R.; Ladrium; Mine; Sevel Town; Redridge; Stanwood; Edgemere; Edoinere JC.; Beacon Hill; Fredan; Balmon Trout; Obenhoff; Atlantic Min; Mill Min Sc.; South Range Messner; Trimount Ain; Ricedale; Elm R.; Baltic; Huron; Highton; O. Huron; RIlty; Houghton; Gross Point; Traverse Isl. Torch D.; Traverse Pt.; L. Linden; Hebard Lappe; Phosni Cliff; Ahneek; Calunet; Nixonn Hubbell; Ojisway; Mohawk; Allouez; Fulton; Allouez Mill; Copper Falls Mine; Eagle Harbor; Delaware Mine; Gate Har.; Wyoming Junction; Lac La Belle; Deer L.; Lac La Belle; Bete Grise Bay; Pt. Isabelle; L. Gratiot; Point Mills; Pt. Abbaya; Pt. Abbayo; Pt. Abbaye; Huron Is; Huron Pt.; Huron Bay; Huron ----; Pine Riv.; Pine River Pt.; Huron R.; Mountain L.; Pine D. Ives L.; Salmon Trout R.; Yellow Dog; Ransom; Huron Mts.; Big Bay; Bigbay; Big Bay Pt.; Antlers; L. Independence; Powell; Jean; Birch; Sauks Head; Garlick Isl.; Garlick Pt.; Granite Isl; Buckroe; Granite Pt.; Garlic R.; Garlic Lake; Porestville; Ross; Duncan; Ickeral Lake; Middle Isl.; Presque Isl.; Superior; Marquette; Carp Furnace; Gillett; Harvey P. O. or Chocolay; Gordons; Short Pt.; Michigamme & Beck; Dishno?; D. O. I.; Sand River; Whitefish; Deerton; Laughing Fish Pt.; Tyoga; Deer Lake; Tyoga JC.; Shelter Bay; Rock River; Onota; Mangum; Green Garden; Yalmar Sta.; Gentian; Taylors; Sands; New Danton; New Dalton; Alley Mills Spur; B. JC.; D. JC. & A.; W. JC.; Saginaw Mine; Milwaukee JC.; L. Michigamme; Wabik; Beacon; B.O Erie; Dead R.; Ishpeming; Teal L.; Negaunee; Maas Mine; Hoist; Eagle Mills; Dead River; Whitman; Bancroft; Cascade Basil Jc.; W. C. Br.; New Dalton; Tilden & Natimune; Palmer; Partridge; Winthrop Mine; Republic; Granite; Columbian W.; C. & W.; Goose L.; Mineral Branch; Greenwood; Stone V.; Boston Mine; Clarksburg; Humbolt;C. N. W. L. S.; Browid; Pasooe Mine; Marquette; Selma; Yalmar; Skandia; Lawson; Dukes; Roberts; Dorsey; Block; Diemling; Rumely; Ferguson; Jenks; Eben; Finns; Calciferous; Autrian L.; Munisins JC.; Valley Zerbel; Short Pt.; O.T. Yoga; Autrian Isl.; Autrian Bay; Autrain; Brownstone; Wilcox; Lowre; Ridge; Grand Isl; Munising; Trout Bay; Grand Isl.; B.; Castle Pt.; Grand Portal; Wood Isl.; Merriam; Kirby; SO; Hallston; Sandy Pt.; Wetmore; Mabel; Boogrens; Evelyn; Blueberry; Juniper; Doty; Hartho; Masters; Haggins; Boucha; Ethel; Peroy; Chapman; Samson; Metser; Brabant; Petrel; Creighton; Driggs; Walsh; Pt. au Sable; Grand Sable Lake; Marriam; Grand Marais Harbor; Grand Marais; Beaver; Man; Summit; Grand Marais Jc.; Bennett; State Roads; Wards; Star Y; Liston; Camp Seven; Bald; Buna; Cabile; Ames; Boscoe; Lorna; Corkwood; Glacier; Stillman; Hale; Dewey; Dixon; Midway; Chatham; Grey; Autrian; Mun.; Valley; Zerbel; Munising Jc.; Sh. & Atl; Cusino; Leroux; Two Hearted R.; Lit. Two Hearted Riv.; Sucker Cr.; Dannaher; Laketon; Mun. Sh. Atl. Dul. So. Sh.; Dollarville; Newberry; Tahquamenaw River; Lit. Two; Shelldrake R.; Vermilion; Vermilion Pt.; Whitefish Pt.; Whitefish Pt.; Maple Isl.; Parisian Isl; Shelldrake; White Fish Bay; Tahquamenaw Bay; Salt Pt.; Iroquois Isl.; Bay Mills; Bay; S. Shore JC.; Goulais Bay; Goulais Pt.; Bachewauaung Bay; North Sandy Isl.; South Sandy Isl.; Luce; Emerson; Middle Fk.; Sault Ste.Marie; Ft. Brady M. R.; Payment; Sugan Isl.; Great Lake; George; Duck Is. Rapids; Hay Lake; St. Mary River; Gladys; Rosedale; Dafter; McCarron; Donaldson; Barbeau; Brimley; Dorgans; Wellsburg; Duff; Red Carp R.; Wellers; Rexford; Woods Branch; Strongs Cottage Park Spur; Lake; Union Bay; Ontonagon; Green R.; 14 Mile Pt.; Ontonagon Ind. Res.; Fire Steel; Lit. Girls Pt.; Black River; Montreal; Lit. Lake/Gear; Siemen's Ironwood; Bessemer; Thomaston Wakefield Jc.; Ballentine; Iron R.; Little Iron R.; Poreveine Mts.; Preseque Isle; Black Riv.; Black River; N. Bessemer; Bessemer Jc.; Abitosse; Beryl; Thomaston; Wakefield; Ramsay; Bessemer; Marenisco; Gogebic Lake; Groesbeck; Matchwood; Ontonagon; Ewen; Nester; St. Collins; Bruce Cros; Choate; Radford; Sandhurst; Craigsmere; Robbins; Paulding; Barclay; Oroziers Mill; Blemers; Marenisco; Gogebic; Chi. Nor. W'N; Potata R.; Rockland; Chi. Mil; Fire Steel; Eager; Sterling; Misery R.; Elm R.; Barclay; Tivola; Stonington; Beaver Dam; Painesdal; Chassell; Arnheim; Keweenaw Bay; Keweenaw; Assinins; Alston; Hazel; Pelkei; Otter L.; Staokpole Winona; Belt; Simar; Peppard; Rubicon P.O. or Hubbells Mill; Sturgeon R.; Baraga; Iron Bridge; Pori; Findley Jc.; Frost Jc.; Victoria R.; Mid. Branch; Paynesville; Ruby; A. Jasper; Trout Cr.; Basoo; Interior; Interior Jc.; Perch L.; Parks Siding; Diana; Nestor Cross; Sidnaw; Read; Anthony; Kitchi; Hanvey; Onyx; Lewis; Kenton; Bergman's Mill Track; Tunis; Covington; Leo.; Robinson; Taylor Mine; Silver; L'Anse; Taylor, Jc.; Summit; Hibbard; Pope; Ontonagon Baraga; Houghton; Sturgeon; Murphy; Vermilac; Bess; Tredeau; Tioga; Redruth & Nestoria; Bode; L'anse Ind. Res.; L’anse; Slate Cr.; Skanee; Huron R.; Pt. Abbaye; Huron Is.; Huron Pt.; Ivas L.; Clowry; Humbold; Dishno; Pascoe Mine; Pasooe Mine; Brown; Beon; Beck; Beacon; Champion; Wabik; Michigamme; Erie; Mill Jc.; Columbia Republic; Clarksburg; Boston Mine; Michigan River; Michigamme; Granite; Houghton; Baraga; Marquette; Perch L.; Crystal Falls; Florence; Dickinson; Floodwood; Michgamme; Blasam; Amasa; Atkinson; Paint; Interior Jc.; Tamarack; Elmwood; Watersmeet; Beechwood; Iron River; Stambaugh; Palatka; Saunders; Ponca; Michigamme River; Mastodon Mine; Kelso; Mansfield; Sagola; Channing; Paul; Granite Bluff; Randville; Brule; Pentoga Armstorn; Chi. & Nor.; C & N. W.; W'N.; Panola; Mastodon Stager; Brule River; Norway; Sturge Fall; Iron Mountain; Spread Eagle Sta.; River Siding; Antoine; Merriman; Vuccan; Loop Line Jc.; Tobin Mine; Dunn Mine; Basswood; King; Uinnespc; Pine R.; Wisconsin; Witbeck; Camp No.; Kates; Michigamme R.; Floodwood; Henderson; Turner; Channing; Sagola; Dickinson; Metropolitan; E. Br. Cedar; Randville; Chi. Mil; Henderson; Ralph; Gleason; Alfred; McRae; Ward; E & L.; McDurmitt; Millers; Ross; Henby; Henry Ford; Northland; Reade; Mashek; Watson; Dewey; Ford R.; Little L.; Cheshire; Plains; Princeton; Lathrop; Escanada R.; Rock. P.O.; Maple Ridge; Defiance P.O. or Campbell; Woodlawn R.O. or Whites; Beaver; Friday; Rapid R.; Hoop Odetts; Ladoga; Turin P.O. or McFarland; Osier; Winters Trenary; Buckeye; Limeston; Winters; Diffin; Trenary; Perkins; Foster City; White Fish R.; Mud L.; Morans; Richardson; Shingleton; Mcinnes; Scotts; N. W. Branch; Spruceville; Hiawatha; Hiawatha Sta.; Camp 22; Iron Creek; Fish Dam; Fish Darl; Big Spring; Steuben; Smiths; McNiels; Jenny; Uno; W. Br. Manistique R.; White Dale; Gulliver; Fordville; Blaney Jc.; Parkincton; Bear Cr.; Germfask;l Seney; Ackley R.; Schoolcraft; Germfask; Seney; Helmer. N. Manistique L.; Viola P. O. or Yatton; Diller; Manistique L.; Huntspur; Pike Lake; Simmons; Carruthers; Blaney; Moorev; Bear Cr.; Gould City P.O or Corinne; Potters Peef; Manitou Payment Shaol; Simmons Reef; Naubinway; Sault; Rexton; Caffey; Damond; Troutlake; Alexander; Hendrie Fiborn Jc.; Kemp; Gilchirst; Garnet; Milakokl Lake; Soo Junction P.O or Sault Jc.; Hulbert P. O. or Hurlbut; N. Manistique L.; Bovee; Pt.; Epoufette; Brevort & Greene; Carp Rover' Mackinac; Strongville; Sault Ste.; Fibre P.O. or Dryburg; Kinross; Tone; McCarrion; Dafter; Rosedale; Donaldson; Barbeau; Neebish Isl; Sailors Encampment; Raber; Lime Isl; Gatesville; Cedarville; Stalwart; Les Cheneaux; Hessel; St. Martins Bay; St. Joseph Island; Montreal Channel; Duck Is. Rapids; Can Pac.; Burnt Is.; Worsley Bay; Asn Pt.; Ash Pt.; Round Is.; Putagannissing Bay.; Potagammissing Bay; Harbor Isl.; Maxton Drummond; Pirate Harbor; Marble Head; Grants Is.; Thompsons Pt.; North Passage; Crescent Isl.; Vidal Isl.; Crape Robert; Calumet Mine; Foster City; Hardwood; Hylas; Merriman; River Siding; Antoine or Traders Jc.; Cedar R.; Loop Line Jc.; L. Antoine; L. Fumes; Fumee; Quinnesec; King; Norway; Appleton Mine; Sturgeon; Sumac; W. Aucedah; Leaper; Vega; Cleeremans; Whitney; Camp No. 2; Camp No. 5 & 6; Dryads; Faunus; Perron; Vilce; Alecto; Shaffer; Felchuc; Ngbles; New Hall; Woodlawn P. O. or Whites; Kingsley; Cornell; Chaison; Gladstone; Chandler; Salva; Marringers; Lefebvres; Chadstone Road; Bichlers; Groos; Bay Siding; Masonville; Lit. Bay; Perkins; Winde; Brampton; Rapid River; Setif; Ensign; Jacques; Pickel Cr.; Stonington; Round Isl.; Pine Ridge; Flech Jo. Nobles; Taycoos R.; Beaver; Powers; Loretto; Aragonic; Aragonic Mine; Valacca; Hermans Pembine; Faithern; Vulcan; Blount P.O. or Kloman; Spalding; Wilson; Hooles; Indian Town Sta; De Loughary; Harris; Bark River; Narenta; Hyde P.O. Ryde P. O. or Ford River Sta; Ford River; Escanaba; Peninsula Pt.; Chippewa Pt.; Big Bay de Noquette; Sand Isl.; Fish Dart R.; Sturgeon Riv.; Delta Jc.; Russell; Isabella; Cooks; Haco; Camp 20; Fayette; Portage Bay; Wiggins Pt.; South Manistique; Thompson; Camp 1 Jc.; Cherry Valley; Manistique; Manistique L.; Manistique Riv.; M. M. & N.; Branch; Marblehead; White Dale; Gulliver; Delta Jc.; Murphy; Ogontz; Stony Pt.; Ogontz Bay; St. Vital Is.; Snake Isl; Vans Harbor; Garden; Pt. au Barque; Gull Isl.; Blaney Jc.; Park; McDonald Lake; McDonald L.; Hughes Pt.; Gulliver L.; Pt. Seul Croix; Squaw Isl.; Whiskey Isl.; Garden Isl; Trout Isl.; High Isl.; Gull Isl.; St. James; Beaver Harbor; Hog Isl.; Beaver Harbor; Stony Isl.; Triangular Isl; Timbered Isl; Scotts Pt.; Pt. Patterson; Potters Reef; Simmons Reef; Menominee; Nadeau; Carney; Ballous; Mumfords; Bagley; Talbot; Ames; Nathan; Everett; Arnold; Hammond; Hermans V.; Menominee River; Blum; Lit. Summer Isl.; Summer Isl.; Pt. De Tour; Burnt Bluff; Poverty Isl.; Gravely Isl.; Ann Arbor Car Ferry; Gull Isl.; Little Gull Isl.; Isle au. Gales; White Shoal; Hat Is.; Grays Reef; Pierce Lake; Cross Village; Emmet; Goodhart; Readmond; Pt. aux Chenes; Allenville; St. Ignace; Nero; Gross Pt.; St. Martins Isl.; Lit. St. Martins Isl.; Pt. St. Martins; Mackinac Isl.; Mackinac Isl.; Pt. St. Ignace; Round Isl.; Boisblanc; Straits of Mackinac; Waugosbance Isl.; Temperance Isl.; Temperance Pt.; Cross Village; Sturgeonbay; Bliss; Carplake; Cecil; Cecile L.; Carp L.; Walkers; Hebron; Lyonstown; Levering; Logging Camp; Crystal Sprs; Stootsman; Pleasantview; Indian Garden; Bogardus; Pellston; Goose Isl; Bois Blanc Isl.; Boisblanc; L. Duncan; Pte. Aux Pins; South Channel; Mary Lake; Alverno; Cheboygan; Cheboygan R.; Long L.; Grance; Hammonds Bay; Mullett Lake; Inverness; Lakewood; Lakeside; McLeods Bay; Boisblan; L. Duncan; Freedom; Turtle L.; Rigg; Bushville; Mulletts; Manning; Lasalla Isl.; Lasalle Isl.; Pt. Fugard; Marquette Isl.; Prentice Bay ; Beaver Tail. Pt.; Pt. St. Vital; Pt. Detour; Detour; Detour Passage Bay; Pt. La Barb; Island Harbor; Huron Bay; False Detroit Channel; False Detour Channel; Pt. Smith; Cockburn Island; Thompsons Pt.; Straight of Mississugua; Mildram Pt.; Green Isl.; Drummond ; Drummond Isl.; Mildram Bay; Green Isl.; Great Duck; Western Duck; Peninsula Pt.; Inner Duck; Middle Duck; Outer Duck; Crescent Vidal Isl.; Crpe. Robert; Barrie Island; Bayfield Sd.; Helen Bay; Elizabeth Bay; Manitoulin Isl.; Portage Bay; Peninsula Pt.; Julia Bay; Lake Wolsey; Menominee River; Wanson; White Rapids; Kass; Kells; Cedar R.; Daggett; Anderson; Stephenson; Ingalls; Wallace; Osborne; Carbondale; Porterfield; Peshtigo R.; Beaver; Cavoit; Peshtigo; Marinette; Menominee; Green Isl.; Egg Harbor; Birch Creek Sta.; Pt. Rochereau; Arthup Bay; Cedar River; Stephenson; Inette; Cedar River; Whales Back Shoals; Washington Isl.; St. Martins Isl.; Washington Har.; Rock Isl.; Hog Isl.; Detroit Isl.; Spider Isl; Portedes Mortes; Washington Isl.; Plum Isl.; Gravel Isl.; Hedgehog Bay; Devil's Door Bluff; Sister Isl.; Sister Bay; Chambers Isl.; Whales Back Shoals; Cedar River; Bayleys Bay; North Bay; Hawley's Bay; Mud Bay; South Manitou Isl; South Manitou; Manitou Lake; North Manitou Isl.; North Fox. Isl.; South Fox Isl.; Fishermans Isl; Inwood; Cherrie; Belvedere; Charlevoix; Cat Head Pt.; Cat Head Bay; Gills Piere; Argosa; North Port; Leland; Manseau; Omena; New Mission Pt.; Grand Traverse Bay; Northport Bay; Northport Pt.; Ironton; Ellsworth; Eastport; Intermediate; Echo; Wards; Snowflaki; Torch R.; Harbor Springs; Roaring Brook; Weque DOnsing; Conway; Ary; Cases; Brutus; Alanson; Oden; Crooked Lake; McMana; Clarion; Smiths; Boynes; Advance; Torch Lake; Phelps; Charlevoix; Finkton; Hitchcock; Jordan; State Rd. Heac; Quarters; Jordan Riv.; Madden; Kentucky; East End; Dow; Simons; Thelma; Gaylord; Otseco; Berryville; Yuill; Vanderbilt; Thorn; Trowbridge; Rondo; Haakwood; Wildwood; Kegomic; Bayview Epsilon; Littlefirle;d Wabmemee; Bear L.; Harbor Springs; Little Traverse Bay; Manonaqua Beach; Susan Lake; Horton Bay; Bayshore; Burgess; Charlevoiz; Windling; Webster; Chestonia; Brickerville; Brown; Dix.E. Sta.; Central L.; E. Elmira L.; Elmira; Hallock P.O. or Hazzard; Springvale; Thumb Lake; Sturgoon River; Pigeon Riv.; Torniabee; Burts Lake; Burt Lake; Cheboygan; Hamby; Indian River; Crooked Lake; Littlefirled; Kegomix; Maltsby; Doyles Cushman; MGore Project; Camp; Geeo; Spring Water; Boyne FS.; Johannesb; Hetherton; Jackson L.; Pike L.; N. Fk. Thunder R.; Cornwells; Cedardale; Montmorency; Atlanta; Hetherton; Austin Sid.; Presque Isl; Ocqueoc; Fowler; Ocquecoa River; Cheboygan or Black L. Potters; Alis P.O. or Conover; Hillman; Brasil L.; Millersburg; Bunton; Hammond; 40 Mile Pt.; Rainy; Trout R.; Rogers; Adams Pt.; Leer; Orchard Hill; Long Rapids; Flanders; Hobson; Dafoe; Alpena Jc.; Alphena; Thunder; Lit. Thunder Bay; Crooked Isl; Gull Isl.; Sugar Isl.; Thunder Bat Is.; North Pt.; False Presque Isle; Middle Isl; Presque Isle Bay; Lake Esau; Presqueisble; Grand Lake; Bell; Polaski; Bolton; Long L.; Metz; Posen; Polaski; Hagensville; Trout R.; Rogers; Thunder Bay; May Lake Jc.; Hawks P.O. or La Rocque; Austin Sid; L. Superior; Lake Huron; Michigan; Saginaw Bay; Lake Erie; Green Bay; Marinett; Menoninee River; Oconto; Oconto; Lit. Sturgeon Bay; Brookside; Little Tail Pt.; Kewaunee; Algoma; Namur; Sturgeon Bay; Cave Pt.; White Fish Bay; White Fish Pt.; Peshtigo Pt.; Pestigo Harbor; Ship Anval; C. & N. W.; Ann Arbor Car Ferry; Ann Arbor Car Ferry; Pt. aux Becs Scie; Edgewater; Crystal Lake; Frankfort; South Frankfort; Herring Lake; Benzonia; Homestead; Platte River Pt.; Empire Jc.; Platteo; Peterville; Empire; Burdickville; Glen Lake; Maple City; Cedar; Solon; Ruthardt; Oviatt; Lake Ann; Platte River; Pratts P.O or Allyn; Hayes; State Rd.; M Inland; Benzie; Weldon; Turtle L.; Wallin; Weldon; Joyfield; Nessen; T.L. Branch; Horidon; Hannah; Monroe Cen.; Bummit City; Wylies; Grawn; Grand Traverse; Long Lake; Neal Boardman; Oviatt; Lake Ann; Osborn; E. Empire; Cedar Run; Hanfort Fouch; Hog Is.; Shetland; Keswick; Suttons Bay; Suttons Bay; Old Mission; Mapleton; Birth L; Kewadin; Elk Rapids; Harch Crg.; Isadore; Leelanau; Leelanau; Lime L.; Port Oneida; Glenhaven; Glen Arbor; North Unity; Sodd Harbor; Good Harbor Bay; Pyramid Pt.; Kerry; Traverse, CY.; Archie; West Arm of Grand Traverse Bay; East Arm of Grand Traverse Bay; Milton; Elle L.; Yuba; Mitchell Jc. Hodge; Holmes; Leavells; Twin Mountains; Leidhart; Round L.; Rapid City; Barker Creek; Wilkins Spur; Ricker; Rugg; Mabel; Mahan; Iamsburg; Fair Banks.; Kalkaska; Kalkaska; Shell Jc.; Soules; Harts; South Boardman Sands; Crofton; Lodi; Pioneer; Walton; Hamilton Ivan; Fog Lake; Sharon; Naples; Halsted; Fletcher; Saunders; Spencer; C. * M. R.; Blue Lake; Deward; Squaw; Wellington; Horrigan; Cen. Mic.; Pere Cheney P.O. or Chenny Sta.; Jackpine; Sigsbee; Bucks; Handon; Hard Grove; Frederic; Judge; Clear Lake; Love; Putnams; Dana; Kneelands; Alexander; Tylers; Graying; Oscaoda; Fairview; Redoak; Wood; Principal; Comins; Aus.; Millen; Crooked Lake Jc.; Flat Rock; Cutisville; South Branch; Maltby; Lupton; Rose City;Sabble; Mio; Kneeland; Biggs; McKinley; Curran; Hubbard Lake; Newton R.; Spruce; Hawes; Roe Lake; Black River Isl.; Harrisville; Sturgeon Pt.; Alcona; Lodge; Lincoln; Mikado Handy; Veilar Lake; Brayn; Batton; Lott P.O. or Chevriers; Glennie P.O. or Bamfields; Killmaster; Mud Lake; Black R.; Greenbush; Gustin; Kewaunee; Twin R.; Twin R.; Manitowao R.; C. &. N. W.; Manitowoc; Peter Marquette Car Ferry; Manitowoc; Rawleys Pt.; Twin Rivers; Big Pt. Sable. Hamlin Lake; Foulsen; Mason; Sugar Grove; Big Sable L.; Siddons; Sable R.; Freesoil; Sable R.; Marsh; Oak Park; Oakhill; Manistee; Manistee; Polock Hill; Arendal; Camp Two; Onekama Jc.; Portage Lake; Onekama; Patch Crossing; Pierpore; Bear L.; Sorenbon; Malcom; Arcadia; Pleasanton; Butwell Cr.; Baile; Umphre; Gulcwetts L.; Springdae; Henry; Copemish; Thompson; Tanner; Chrief; Kaleva; Goodrich; Brethren; Clement; Wellston; Dublin; Florence; Hoopers; Little R.; Stbonach; Lit. Manistee R.; East Lake; Newland; Thorp; Angola; Clay HIll; Rosenburg; Axin L.; Pecks Sid.; Derrys Sid.; Maple Grove; Marilla; Marmons Cleon; Lemon L.; Harlan; Pomona; Buckley; Mitchells; Bagnall; Walls; Sherman; Glensbarry; Mesick; Wards Sid.; Soper; Mystic; Wades; Hair; Clarks; Manton; Gilbert; Wexford; Tuma; A.A.; Meauwataka; Valda; Missaukee Jc; Harring; Round; Cadillac; Browns Sid.; Brinks Sid; Nelsons; Lucas; Little Fields Bid.; Galt; McBain; Delton; Gerbers; Hobart; L. Mitchell; Valda; Pioneer; Morey; Qutcheon; Stittsville; Moorestown; Butcher; Stratford; Higgins Lake; Houghton Lake; Houghton Lake; Butterfield; Mynnings; Widdicomb; Veneer Jc.; Veneer Koopman; Propsper: Koopman; Ealmouth; Vogel Cen.; Moddersville; Dolph; Prudenville; Roscommon; Noal; Mich. Cen.; Long Bridge; Williams Jc.; Tierney St.; Giels; Roscommon; Moores; Curtisville; Leander; Edward; St.; Helen; Rose City Lake; Lupton; Maltby; Canfield; Safe; Campbells Cors.; Haptman; Loranger; Norns; Grenwood; Prescott: Beaver Lake; Millers Selkirk; West Brank; Ogemaw; Ogemaw; Smith Jc.; Long Lake; Bisconnette; Doan; Pine Lake; Oscoda; Ausable; Lincoln Jc.; Au Sable Pt.; Kunze Siding; Tawas Beach; Tawas Pt.; Tawas Bay; Tawas City; Marks; Alabaster; Whitemore; Loam P.O. or Coppers Cros.; Taft; Au Grest R.; Emer Jc.; Vine; East Tawas; T.B. Jc.; Tucker Farm; Mile Hill; Millerton; Sheepdale; Peacock; Syres; States; Luther; Hansens; Keenan; Hoist; Edgetts; Bristo;; Riverbank; Sprague; Thewitts; Olgad; Collins; Obceola; Delphos; Comptons; Tubtin; Anderson; Rose L.; Rose Lake; Leroy; Hayes; Suprise L.; Hartwich; Pennocks; Crocker; Parklake; Dighton; Winterfield; Grandon; Temple; Clarence; Arnold Lake; Long Lake; Leota; Muskegon R.; Second; Frost; Levinton Sid.; Harrison; Clare; Osceola; Levington Sid. Doge; McClure; Lit. Sugar R.; Babcocks; Correction; Butman; Skeels; Line; Alger; Culvers; Mapleridge; Arenac; Turner; Santiage; Duck L. Omer; Arenac; Surham; Sterling; Deepriver; Pine River; Ogden; Moores Jc.; Quinns; Bricks; Sand Pt.; Whit Stone Pt.; North Charity Isl.; S. Charity Isl.; Flat Rock Pt.; Port Austin; Hat Pt.; Pte. Aux. Barquez; Pointe Auz Barques; Burnt Cabin Pt.; Grind Stone City; Hiron; Eagle Bay; Mosel; Sheboygan Falls; Sheboygan R.; Sheboygan; Shebygan; Adell; Oostburg; Cedar Grove; M. Car Ferry; Ludington; Lincoln; Lit. Sable; Buttersville; Riverton; Wesley; Bass Lake; Bass L.; Bow L.; Pentwater; Pentwater L.; Smiths Corner; Weare; Crystal Val.; Oceana; Peachridge; Little Pt.; Sable; Au Sable Lake; Benona; Claybanks; Bradyville; Stray L.; Holstein; Shelby Ferry; Cranston; Wagar; Hesperia; Tigris; Pentwaten Q; Walker V.: Peachville; Camp: Obmooba: Klondike; Lattin; Campbell L.; New Era; Stray L.: Cranston: Mears; Pere Marquette R.; Allendreek; Kirk; Mas. & Oce.; Shaw. W. Trowy; Alderson; Lilley; Volney; Elbridge: Woodville; Keno; Brookings; Phelps Mill; Biteley; McDaffies Mill; Sisson; Hawkins; Parke; Jacksons; Up. Paris; Paris; Stimson Jc.; Crapo; Upper Big Rapids; Hungerford; Lumbertson; Newaygo; Ramona; Etna; Ryerson; Alleytoon; Whitecloud; Kopje; Otia; Beaver Cr.; Wooster; Big Prairie; Borland; Big Rapids; Weaver; Pogy Hill; Emerald; Barryton; Chippewa L.; Chippewa L.; Byers; Rodney; Mecosta; Stanwood; Higbee; Altona; Morley; Rustford; Reynolds; Standwood; Mecosta; Remus; Foster; Titus; ROdney; Sherman City; Winchester; Higbee; Sylvester; Beanchard; Millbrook; Rowland; Winn; Coomer; Isabella; Brinton; Littleford L.; Curriers Bid; Gilmore; Hurnham; Hebrick; Coleman; Loomis; Wise; Sald R.; Delwin; Leaton; Jordan; Isabella; Mt. Pleasant; Stearns; Alemb; Crawford; Shepherd; Pleasant Valley; Van Decar; Caldwell; Drew; Beal City; Isabella Ind. Res.; Boyden; Chippewa R.; Rustford; Morley; Murphy; Jerseyville; Brroks City; Gordonville; Floyd; Olson; Sanford; Luman; Edenville; Alamando; Bradley; Egbert; Brier; Brroks Cr.; Coe; Redstone; Barnes; Posyville; Smiths Cros.; Averill; LaPorte; Jam; Littibawasse R.; Hope; Cummings; Nine Miles; Tebo; St. Andish. Pine iver; Bertie. Smiths; Rhodes; McRaes; Mount Forest; Glover; Norn Branch; Gopman; Campbells; Kawkawlin; Monitor Millers; Wolverine; Wolvine Jc.; Wolverine Mine; Aubun; Amecith; Freeland; Monitoro Salzb'g; Bay City; Cheboy; Ganing; Munger; Post; Quanicassee City; Wisner; Unionville; Lengsville; Linwood Park; Tobico; Kawkawlin; Oaatka Beach; Wenona Beach; Bay Cy. Bayside; Sagniaw R.; Essexcille; Banks Foss; Michie; Lengsville; Pinconning; White Feater; St. Andish; Eananing Cr.; Brooks; Melborn; Koch V.O.; Watrousville; Fairgrove; Sebewaing; Fish Pt.; Kate-chai or Mai-bou Isl.; Stony Is'; Bay Port; North Isl.; Pt. Charities; Caseville; Oak Pt.; Columbia; Akron; Ellington; Elmwood; Colwood; Gagetown; Ashmore; Kilmanagh; Canboro; Owendale; Rescure; Greenleaf; Gotts; Bish Lake; Pinnebog; Soule; Crown; Hayes; Berne; Pigeon; Wolfton; Elkton; Linkville; Bar; Poppe; Northburns; Ivanhoe; Appin; Cass City; Wickware; Colwood; Caro; Deford; White Cr.; Shaddon; Novesta; Tyre; Wadsworth; Kinde; Varney P.O. or Johnson; Glencoe; Port Hope; Redman; Filion Clarks; Rapson; Verona Mills; Sigel; Helena; Badaze; Wadsworth; Pawlowski; Ruth; Parisville; Whiterock; Forestville; Charleston; Mill Cr.; Minden City; Freiburgers; Palms; Cumber; Mills; Cedardale; Deckerville; Shabbona; Argyleo; Chevinston; Richmondville; Leitch; Belgium; Ukeeozauke; Port Washin; Milwaukee; Gr. Truni; Crosby; Bay View; Flowercreek; Montague; Rothbury; White L.; Whitehall; Michillinda; Wabaningo; Duck L.; Bear Lake; Muskegon; Port Sherman; Muskegon Heights; Lake Harbor; Black Lake; Lake Harbor Sta.; Ferrysburg; Car Ferry Trans. Co.; Grand Haven; Sheldon; Big Blue L.; Reeman; Brunswick; Holton; Sitka; Win Lake; Mcleans; Muskeogon; Moskegon; Gr. Halls; Berry; Dalson; Sweet; N. Muskegon; Sullivan; Spring Lake; Kirk; Nunica; Fruitport; Ickand; Ravenna; Scocum; Canada Cors; Gooding; Reeds; Cedar Springs; Casnovia; Bailey; Perrins; Velzyi; Sandlake; Cloud; Newago; Brookside; Bishop; Brunswick; Twin Lake; Sitka; McLeans; Bixby; Hines Crg; Henshaws; Simpson; Kanitz; Sullivan; Ickland; Ravenna; Cockery R.; Conlin; Harrisburg: Lisbon; Kent City; Lake Bailey; Brooks; Grant; A. ta.; Sun; Dickinson; Bridgeston; Ashland; Saxon; Sparta; Ballards; Velzy; Sheffield; Evans; Childsdale; Belmond; Alpine; Rend; Grattan; Bostwick; Cannons; Burg; Parnell; Belding; Kido; Green V.; Green V.; Wabasi Lake; Gowen; Spencers; Flat R.; Sidney; Colby; Virgin: Bushnell; Miller; Eureka Pl.; Wagers; Amsden; Shiloh; Chadwisk; Belding; Otisco; Bostwick; Slayton; Miriam; Orleans; Woods Cors.; Avon; Haynor; Prarie R.; Nickel; Smyrna; Montcalm; Gilbert; McCool; Sandy; Reynolds; Muskegon R.; Rustford; Amble; Lakeview; Hiram; Pierson; Plumville; Grove; Ensley; Brooks; Grant; Croton; Howard CIty; Six Lakes; Wyman; Cedar Lake; Rockalnd; Vestaburg; Riverdale; Elwell; Summerton; Forest HIll; Fishville; Crush L.; Crystal; Butternut; Carson City; Vickerville; Sidney; Westville; Enthican; Lanston; Trufant; Coral; Plehill; Edmore; Townline; McBrides; Ferris; acma; Elmhall; Pine R.; Ithaca; Eugene; Gratiot; New Haven Cen.; Sethon; Middleton; Pompee; Brice; St. Louis; Breckenridge; N. Wheeler; Eaton; Beaver R.; Langport; Lafayette; Edgewood; Fordney; Sickels; Northstar; Neward; Hubbardston; Matherton; Pewamo; Fowler; Union Home; Maple Rapids; Shepardsville; Duplain; Eureka; Elsie; Ovid; Hayworth Cr.; Fowler; Olney; Henderson; Carland; Shiawassee; Ryan; Porters; Iva; Sand Ridge; Dice; Frost; Malts; Saginaw; Carrolton; Cawndale; Mergehom; Malts; Dice; Frost; dan Ridge; Porter; Hemlock; Nelson; Miner; Brant; Leutz; Fergus; Groveton; Marion Sprs; Racy; Oakley; Brady; Chesaning; Layton Corners; Sliawassue; St.; Charles; McDonough; Verne; Carbon; Taymouth; Burt; Foster; Paines; Fordney; Malts; Kulubach; Greens; Cros; McClure; Rees; Arhur; Buena Vista; Veenfliets; Capac; Emmett; RBelleriver; Riley Center; M. Sta.; Lamb; Thorton; Wadfham;s Abbottsford; Goodells; Tunner Jc.; Barina; Pt. Huron; Gilford; Fitch; Markel; Millington; Brockway; Hoyt; Bridgepoint; Verne; Carbon; Taymouth; Montrose; Brentcreek; Mt. Morris; Lothrop; Mt. Morris; ZionHazelton; Clay; Horton; Genesee; Carland; Henderson; Judds Corners; West Haven; Easton; Layton Corners; Lewis; Flint; Hazelton; New Lothrop; Davison; Belsay; Rogersville; Otisville; Thetford; Otter Lake; Burns L.; Millers L.; Five Lakes; Oregon P.O. or Carpenters; Owait; Clifford; Silverwood; Mayville; Shaye Lake; Juniata; E. Dayton; Wilmost; Wahjamega; Ross Cross; Vassar; Frankenmuth; Tuscola; Cass R.; Cassbridge; Blackmar; Birchrun; COunty LIne; Navan; Click; Saginaw; Foster; St.; Charles; Miner; Brant; Leutzfergus; Groveton; Chesaning; Oakely; Lapeer; Kings Mill; Lum; Hungers Creek; L. Hasler; Mippissi Cr.; Davison; Elba; Deanville; Burnside; North Branch; Weeks; Braidwood; Germania; Kingston; Decker; Snover; Noko; Wahjamega; Ross Cross; Tuscola; Lapeer; Sanilac; Decker; Kingston; Imlay City; Saint Clair; Mt. Salem;Cpac; Brockway; Elliot; Sharpsville; Valley Center; Brown Center; Omardo; Elk Cr.; Redstar; Flynn; Marlette; Laurel; Redstar; Lamotte; Elmer; Berkshire; Cash; Sanilac Ce.; Carsonville; Poland; Port Sanilac; Lexinton; Lewis Siding; East Firemond; Amadore; Jeddo; Blaine; Fargo; Brockway; Yale; East Greenwood; Mt. Salem; Avoca Ruby; Northstreet; Bardendale; Huronia Beach; Gratiot; Amadore; Croswell; Peck; Watertown; Melvin; Speaker; Aitken; Abbottsford; Emmett; Pt. Huron Balt. Works; Marysville; Kimball; Tappan; Smith; Grabd Blacnk; Ranklin; S. Grand Blanc; Racine; Boot R.; Kenosha; Kenosha; Racine; Wind Pt.; Port Sheldon; New Holland; Ventura; Noordelo; Ottawa Beach;l Black R.; Graffeschap; Saugatuck; Douglas; New Richmond; Peachbelt; Ganges; Belknap; Glenn; Allegan; Pearl; Avis; Brave; Pearl; Allegan; Millgrave; Junningville; Fillmore C; Rolland; May; Veriselo; Oakland; Bentheim; Hamilton; North Dorro; Grisenlake; Moline; Corning; Middleville; Bradley; Minerlake; Hopkins; Minor Lake; Kellogg; Watson; Monteeth; Maplewood; Monterey; Dallas; Hillards; Diamond Sprs; Dogg; New Salem; Millgrove; Cloverdale; Orange; Mills; Watt L.; Cedar Creek; Corning; Molina; Grisen Lake; Parmelee; Nirving; Freeport; Gerkey; Carlton Ew.; Coats Gr.; Dellwood; Woodbury; Hastings; Barry; Maple L.; Yankee Spr.; Shultz; Quimby; Thorn Apple; Highbank; Kalamo; Morgan; Bristol L.; Dowling; Maple Cr.; Carlisle; Bismarck;asdasSunfield; Grandleedge; Shaytown; Rozana; Hoyt; Vermontville; Greshham; Chester; Charlotte; Kalamo. Nashville; Kings L.; Petreville; Kingsland; Kelly; Langsin; Delta; Fair Grounds; Millett; Packard; Potterville; Eatoninggham; Dansville; Mason; Aurelius; Klink; Westholt; Trowbridge; Haslett; Locke; Williamston; Meridian; Bunkerhill; Winfield; Onondaga; Fitchburg; Henrietta; Lowe L.; Holt; Williamston; Cohoctah; Indian L.; Parshallville; Fleming; Linginston; Lakeland; Bulls; Plainfield; Gregory; Stockbridge; UNadillac; Bruin L.; Greenoak; Oakgrope Sta.; Deercreek; Rose P.O. or Rose Cen.; Hallers; Clyde; Hartland; West Highland; Highland; Milford; New Hudson; Brighton; Wixom; South Lyon; Rinckney; Anderson; Island Lake; Annpere Summit; Howell; Davisburg; Rose P.O. or Rose Cen.; Hallers; Glyde; Harland; West Highland; Commerce; Hollister; Cass L.; Oxbow; Fourtowns; Sylvan; Oakland; Macomb; Clarkston; Clinton V.; Waterford; Eames; Plains; Alberto; Mount Vernon; Goodison; Rochester; Three Mile; Myrtle; Walled Lake; Walled L.; Walnut L.; Franklin; Beddow; Walnut; Oak Grove; Orchard Lake; Circl;e Big Beaver; Colerain; Clinton R.; Mt. Clemens; Chesterfield; Waldenburg; Washington; Daviso; Ray Cen.; Newhaven; Goodison; Clawson; Warren; Centerline; Frasier; Cady; Colerain; Pt. Huron; Dickinson Isl.; San Soui; Hansons Isl.; Algonac; Pear Beach; St. Clair; Peters; Calton;s Casco; Omo; Mt. Clemens Sta.; Walpole Isl.; Benton; Wadsworth; Waukegan; Lake Forest; Highland Pa.; Glencoe; Evanston; South Evanston; Illin; Lake; Rondout; Nor. W'N.; Stevensville; Vineland; GlenL ord; Hill Top; St. Joseph; Benton Harbor; Twelve Cors.; Hagar; West Casco; Springgrove; Hawkhead; Leisure; Black R.; South Haven; Long Siding; Fruitland; Packard; Covert; Elmwood; Van Buren; Windermere; Blakes; Pawpaw Lake; Coloma; Riverside; Millburg; Bainbridge; Spinks Cors.; Pennyann; Sister L.; Keeler; Sister Lakes; Carl; Hollywood; Berby Inchman; Carden; Stemm; Eau Claire; Nadmi; Pipestone; Dowagiue; Cushing; Glenwood; Volinia; Banksons L.; Grass Lake; Marcellus; Round L.; Cedar L.; Schoolcraft; Barrison; Lake Cora; Lawrence; Toquin P.O. or Paw Paw Jc.; Paw R.; Pinegrove Mills; Gobleville; Barlamont; Bloomingdale; Kendall; Mentha; Alamo; Cooper Sta.; Agenta; E. Cooper; Kalamazoo; Lauren Lake; Miller; Oshte Mo; Walker; Eassom; Brighton; Austin Lake; Prarie; Ronde; Pleasant L.; Dowagiae R.; Decatur; Howardsville; Moorepark; Partage; Parkville; Flowerfield; Vicksburg; Pavilion; Indian Field; Paper Mill; Nazareth; Streeter; Highland; Williams; Brownell; Scott Lake; Chicora; Chesire; Merson; Abronia; Kalamazo R.; Hooper; Neely; Silvercreek; Doster; Prarier V.; Milo; Bressey; Gull Lake; Merson; Chesire; Horseshoe; Pullman; Lee; Leesburg; Howardsville; Moorepark; Portage Lake; Mendon; Parville; Mattawan; Newbre; Texas; Pike L.; Pavilion; Pinecreek; Indian L.; Fulton; Athens; Climaz; Renton; Nazareh; Comstock; Augusta; Richaldn; Yorkville; Bedford Sta.; Base; Bedord; Penfield; Galesburg; Paper Mill; Cicksburg; Abscota; Calhoun; Battle Cr.; Nickols; Beadle P.O. or Beadle Lake; Wheatfield; Cerebco; Rice Cr.; Marshall; Marengo; Albion; Wilderville; Starlet; Sonomoa; Jorpa; E. Leroy;Tekonsha; Osborn; Burlington Sta.; Browns Sid.; S. Butler; Clarendon; Homer; Eckford; Condit; Bath Mills; N. Concord; Springport; Ottercreek; Ducklake; Duck L.; Partello; Gonyis; Penfield; Hickory Cors.; Assyria; Lacey; Banfield; Bellevue; Ceylon; Ainger P.O. or Olivet Sta.; Brookfield; Charles Worth; Eaton Rapids; East Springport; Bandstone; Parma; Spring Cr.; Pulaski; Grover; Pulaski; Stonypoint; Legnidas; Mendon; Girard; Hoduck; Union City; Butler; Litchfield; S. Butler; Mosherville; Milnes; Scipio Moscow; Jerome; Bankers; Calhoun; Jackson; Jackson; Henrys Crg; Van Horn; Rives Jc.; Munith; Leslie; Winfield; Onodaga; Bunkerhill; Lowe L.; Unadilla; Gregory; Bruin L.; Plainfield; Anderson; Pinch; Spring Arbor; Reynolds; Concord; Pulaski; Cedarbank; Somerset; Haires; Ryder; Ackerson; Horton; Liberty; Hanover; Brooklyn & Watkins; Manchester; Norvell; Sharonville; Vineyad L.; Vampler L.; M. Jc.; Bullis; Lakeland; Mill Cr.; Francisco; Grass Lake; Michigan Cen.; Eldred; Napleon; Sharonville; Manchester; Gillet L.; Goose L.; Prison Side Tr.; Roots; Lit. Portage L.; Cranberry L.; Clark Lake; Clark L.; Johnson; Big Portage L.; Addison; Cement City; Cambridge; Springville; Devils L.; Lake Rest; Onstead; Pentecost; Sand L.; Putnam; Cowham; NDR.R; Chelsea; Waterloo; South L.; Lima; Fredonia; Hamburg; Webster; Northfield; Whitmore L.; Salem; Worden; Reshton; Dixboro; Cherryhill; Geddes; Ann Arbor; Ypsilanti; Delhi Mills; Scio; Fosters; Geer; W.L. Sta.; Washtenaw; Saline; Bridgewater; River Raisin; York; Orania; Stonycreek; Milan; M. Jc.; Watkins; W. Suimpter; Whitaker; Willis.; Belleville; Rawsonville; Wiard; Denton; Canton; Wayne Jc.; Nankin; Plymouth; Clinton; Lakeridge; Macon; Tecumseh; Stevens; Cone; Azalia; Britton; Ralsinville; Salt R.; Milan Jc.; Exeter; London; Maybee; Oakville; Carleton; Briar Hill; Scofi Note: Title: Michigan Keywords: Fennville; Peach Belt; Ganges; Douglas; Saugatuck; East Saugstuck Hamilton Hilliad's; Monterey; Hopkins; Burnip's Cor.; Burnip's Cor.; Fillmore Cen.; Diamond Spr.; Overisel; Grominget; East Saugstuck; Zoeland; Drenthe; Forest Cr.; Jamestown; Gitchell; Byron; Hudsonville; Zurphen; New Holland; Beaver Dam P.O. or Vriesland; Zuephen;Dorr; Moline; New Salem; Groningen; Hundsonville; Dutton; Byron Cen.; Ross; Corinth; Moline; Burnip's Cor.; Diamond Sps.; Ventura; North Holland; Grand Rapids; LIsbon; Enghlish; Alpine; Belmont; Austurlitz; Wright; Pleasant; Ula; Mill cr.; Cahapel; S. Grand Rapids; Indian Cr.; Kinney; Ada; Lamont; Bass River; Eastman V.; Gooversville; Spoon V.; Berlin; Knight; N. Newberg; Hartewellville; Perry; Morrice; Byron; Glass River; Shaftsburgh; Bennington; Corunna; Chapin; Oakley; Layton; Elk; Montrose; Birch Run; Blackman; Foster; Taymouth; Shiawasse River; Chesaning; Lentz Fergus; Tyner; Eastwood P.O. or Garfield; Paires; S. Saginaw; Saginaw E.S.; Bridgeport; Humfield; Gera; Orrville; Hemlock; Randall; Lawndale; Frost; Merrill; Phillips; Carrollton; Arthus; Greens; Melbourne; Gratiot; Ithaca; LaFayette; Bad Riv.; St. Louis; Elm Hall; Newark; Northstar; Middleton; Pampei; Ola; Spring Brook; Du Plain; Fowler; Union Home; Maple Rapids; Laporte; Freeland; Breckenridge; Wheeler; Hubbard; Due; Edenville; Alamando P.O. or Dor; Sanford; Pine River; Butman; McClure; Bently; Rhodes; Estey; Mountforest; Tobacco R.; Highwood; Cedar; Grand Fks; Principal; Tillabawass; Ogemaw; Beaver Lake; Campbells; Corners; Corrigan; Whittemore; Prescott; Greenwood; Welch; Long Lake; Smith Jc.; Maltbys; Damon; Woodrow; Rose City; Piper; Beaver Lake; Oscoda; Ottawa Sta.; Agnew; West Olive; Port Sheldon; North Holland; S. Blendon; E. Paris; Croshy P.O. or Bowen; Fishers Sta.; Dinnison Reno; Harrington; Grand Haven; Ferrysburg; Kirk's Jc.; Spring Lake; Nunica; Big Spring; Conklin; Rockford; Sprin; Edgerton; Reeds; Cedar Sprs.; Kent City; Gooding; Harrisburg; G. Blocum Gr.; Fruitport Jc.; Harckley; Gilchrist; N. Manistique Lake; Manistique River; Hiawatha; Sturgeon Hole; Big Spring; Hubbell Jc.; Schoolcraft; Sage; Soo Junction; Hendrie; McMillan; Newberry; Dollarville; Senoy; Camp; Driggs; Creighton; State Road; Wards; Star Y.; Liston; Grand Marias Jc.; Bennett; Beaver; Summit; Grand Marais; Deer Park; Two Hearted River; Carp River; Shelldrake R.; Emerson; Taquamenon; East Br.; W. Brach.; Shore; Pt. Au Sable; Grand Sable; Sheldrake R.; Sucker River; Grand Marais Han; Trading Post; Montreal River; Pt. Aux Mines; Mica Bay; Copper Mine Pt.; Montreal Isl.; Pt. Mamainse; Pt. Pancake; Backewayoun; Pt. Garbay Island; Dalton; Twin Lake; Grant Station; Scottsville; Tallman; Carey; Totten; Ellsworth; Osceola Jc.; Naubinway Jc.; Slaytons; Judge; Nor. Br.; Alexander; Grayling; Appenzell; Red Oak; Comins; Ryno; Au Sable River; Mack City; Imlay; Luzerne; Royce; Big Creek; Jack Fine; Perer Cheney P.O. or Cheney; Crawford; Maple Grove; Red Oak; Freeland; Saginaw Jc.; Phillips Bay; Melbourne; Frankenlust; Amelith Salzburg; Brooks; Monitor; Kawkawlin; N. Williams; Auburn; Laredo; Fisherville; Wheatfield; Nichols; Ceresco; Renton; Sonoma; West LeRoy; Pine Cr.; East LeRoy; Abscota; Tekonsh; Burlington; Athens; B. Sta.; Marshall; Wilder V.; Eckford; Clarendon; Homer; St. Joseph; Ion; Waselpi; Nottawa; Colon Jc.; Mendon; Leonidas; Portage Lake; Factoryville; Dominion of Canada; Pigeon Bay; Knob Isl.; Pie Island; Thunder Bay; Thunder Cape; National Mine; New England Ms.; Morgan; Havey; Covolay; Sand River; Goose Lake; Cascade Jc.; Garvey; Sands; Palmer; Iron Bay; Short Pt.; Gordon; Fish R.; R. Au Sable; Marquette; Caslcade Jc.; Republic; Granite; Sands; Cheshire Jc.; Martin; Cyr; Helena; Turin P.O. or McFarland; Lathrop; Rock P.O.; or Maple R.; Campbell; Escanaba River; Ford River; Metropolitan; Calumet Mine; Hylas; Sturgeon R.; Foster City; Floodwood; Witbeck; Swanzy; Plains; Veriver; Brampton; Faunus; Perkins; Quinnesee; Norway; Appleton Mine; Summit Cedar; Olytie; Power; Spalding; Wilson; Houles; Indian T.; DeLoughary; Harris; Barkville P.O. or Bark River; Narenta; Hyde P.O. or Ford Riv. Sta.; Pine Ridge; Ford River; West Gladston; Well P.O.; V. Escannaba; Felch Jc.; Schaffer; Alecto; Whitney; Dryads; Cunard; Bermans V.; Pombina P.O. or Faithorn Jc.; Kloman; Nadeau; Carney; Bagley; Talbot; Menominee River; Johnson Spur; Kells; Fisher; Relay Sta.; Daggett; Stephenson; Ingalls; Cedar River; Western; Kitson; Grand Rapids; Nokwebay Lake; Menominee; Wallace; Carbondale; Birch Creek; Chambers Isl.; Pt. Rochereau; Ellison Bay; Flowerfield; Moorepark; Parkville; Three Rivers; Centre V.; Florence; Fabius; White Pigeon; Sturgis; Fawn River; Burr Oak; Klinger's; Mottville; Constantine; Kent; Parnell; Alton; Fallassburg; Grand River; Lowell; Whitney V.; Alto; Labarge Bowne; Bristol; Cark P.O. or Irons; Clement Jc.; Sable R.; Freesoft; Fountain; Big Sable Lake; Pousen; Siddons; Grand; Big Pt. Sable; Pt. Sable; Licoln; Gurnee; Manistee; Oakhill; Filer City; Stronach; East Lake; High Bridge; Onekama Jc.; Brookfield; Portage Lake; Conger; Yuma;Pyramid Pt.; Elk Rapids; Mapleton; Hatchs Cry.; Archie; East Yba; Angell; Old Mission; Keswith; Suttons Bay; Old Mission Pt.; Carp Lake; Leland; South Manitou; Manitou Isl.; Leelanau; Grand Traverse Bay; Bellows Isl.; Northport Pt.; Torch L.; Creswe Jc.; Gills Pier; Cat Head Village; Cat Head Pt.; North Manitou Isl.; Norwood; South Fox Isl.; North Fox Isl.; Patmos; Big Beaver Is.; Beaver Har.; Gull Isl.; High Isl.; St. James; Hog Isl.; Hat Isl.; Garden Isl.; Squaw Isl.; Trout Is..; Pt. Seal Choix; Whisky Isl.; Hunt Spur; Scott Pt.; Orville; Pt. Patterson; Pike Lake; Hughes Pt.; Gulliver; Pike Lake; Viola P.O. or Yatton; Ivan; Fife Lake; Dempsey; Fletcher; Wellington; Sharon; Sands; Lodie; Amity; Saunders; Spencer; Grofton; South Boardman; Kalkaska; Boardman R.; Liephart; Coldspring; Excelsior; Leetsville; Clearwater P.O. or Ricker; Westwood; Rapid City; Barkercreek; Rugg; Alden; Antrim; Bellaire; Stover; Wetzell; Mancelona; Helena; Aabee; Arkona; Stover; Bellaire; Torch Lake; Finkton; Chestonia; Rockery; Simons; Pt. Bliss; Praha; Jordan; Echo; Eastport; South Arm; East Jordan; Advance; Pine Lake; Doyles; Whites Camp; Boyne Falls; Thumb Lake; Dwight; Cambria Mills; Pittsford; Prattville; Lenawee; Holloway; Palmyra; Fairfield; Jasper; Weston; South Fairfield; Ottawa Lake; Blissfield; Riga; Lenawee; Palmyra; Groman; Detroit Jc.; Adrian; Wellsville; Sisson; Raisin Con.; Sutten; Ridgeway; Britton; Tecumseh; Lakridge; Macon; Clinton; Newburg; Tipton; Springville; Pentecost; ONsted; Stodda L.; Woodstock; Gould P.O. or Corinne; Bovee; Engadile; Greylock; Naubirway; Biddle Pt.; Stony Pt.; Manistique River; S. Manistique Lake; Rapin V.; Rudder Head Pt.; Parisien Island; Maple Isl.; White Fish Pt.; White Fish Bay; Averill; Hamblen; Bedell; Cummings; Loehne; Due; Hubbard; Porter; Bradford; Pleasant Valley; Wright; Hope; North Bradley; Linwood; Tobico; W. Bay Cy.; Brinks; Phillips; Salt Riv.; Forest Hill; Shepherd; Strickland; Rowland; Baintons; Lakeside; Glendora Hills; Corslana; Verrien Sprs.; Bridgman; La Grange; Newburg; Lit. Pra. Rond; Volinia; Dowagiac; Wakelee; Howardsvills; Volinia; Cushing; Pipestone; Naomi; Hartman; Eau Claire; HInchman; Royalton; Scotdale; Sodus; Somerleyton; Hollywood; Derby; Stevensville; Glen Lord; St. Joseph; Benton Harbor; Napier; Spinks Cors.; Sister Lakes; Decatur; Leesburg P.O. or Chamberlaine; Watervliet; Prospect Lake; Lawton; Lake Cora; Lawrence; Coloma; Hartford; Paw Paw; Mattawan; Glendale; Almena; Van Buren; McDonald; Waverly; Kendall; Williams; Gobleville; Bangor; Breedsville; Brown's Mills; Packard; Covert; Toquin; Lacota; ibbie; Grand Jc.; Columbia; Bloomingdale; Pine Gr. Mills; Alamo; Kendall; Williams; Plainwell; Cheshire; Lee; Spring Grove; West Oasco; Glenn; Pearl; Swan Cr.; Bravo; Allega; Abronia; Kellogg; Watson; Lake; Dunningville; Dushville; Weidman; Alembic; Bundy; Leaton; Delwin; Almando P.O. or Dor; Coleman Wise; Calkinsville P.O. or Rosebush; Van Decar; Sherman City; Farwell; Brinton; Wade; Beaverton; Highwood; Cedar Grand Fks.; Grout; Standish; Mackinaw; St. Ignace; Pt. St. Ignace; Groscap; Pt. au Chene; Brevort; Moran; Epoufette; Pines P.O. or Palms; Ozark; Stalwart; Pickford; Gassy Pt.; Lime Isl.; Burnt; St. Vital; Pt. Detour; Duncan City; Douglas Lake; Geyeville; Mullet Lake; Cheboygan Lake; Ocqueoc; Rogers; Quarry; Forty Mile Pt.; Hammonds Bay; Koehler; Mullet Lake; Ball; Pellston; Bushville; Topinabee; Burt Lake; Diver; Wolverine; Pigeon River; Vanderbilt; Boyne Falls; Thumb Lake; Whites Camp; Trowbridge; Springvale; Bear Lake Jc.; Boyne; Clarion; Petoskey; Epsilon; Littlefield; Crooked Lake; Bayview; Conway; Alanson; Oden; Ayr; Brutus; Haybart; Ely; Canby; Pierce Lake; Bliss; Carp Lake; Pack Sid; Blong; Rainy Lake; May Lak Jc.; McPhee; Austins Sid.; Case; Onaway; Allis; Berryville; Otsego L.; Wrights L.; Frederic; Bankers; Worth White Feather; Saganin; Potato River; Sumnerton; Parkinson; Banks; Wynian; Barry; Nashville; Kalamo; Maple Gr.; Dowling; Lacey; Johnstown; Assyria; Hickory Cors.; Delton; Banfield; Milo Cressy; Hickory Cors.; Prichardville; Quimoy; Hasings; Morgan; Coat's Grove; Bowen's Mills; Gun Lake; Yankee Spr.; North Irving; Carlton Cen.; Woodland; Freeport; Rock Elm; Carpenter; Ironton; Charlvoix; Cherrie; Inwood; Petoskey; Epsilon; Littlefield; Jowy; Bear Lake Jc.; Springvale; Bear Lake; Boyne; Crooked Lake; Little Traverse Bay; Harbor Springs; Conway; Alanson; Oden; Weqnetousing; Appleton; Pleasant View; Brutus; Ayr; Hughart; Goodhart; Emmet; Pierce Lake; Bliss; Canby; Cross Village; Middle Village; Topinabee; Burt Lake; Crawford;Eaton Rapids; Olivet; Charlesworth; Brookfield; Bellevue; Lake Superior; Washington Har.; Rainbow Cove; Grand-Portage Bay; Siskowit Bay; Island Mine; Minong; Amyygdaloid; Steam Boat Isl.; Conoe Rocks; Siskowit Isl.; To Keweenaw Co; Isle Royale; Motts Isl.; Shaws Isl.; Smithwicks Isl.; Scovilles Pt.; Blakes Pt.; Passage Pt.; Gull Isl.; Chippewa Harbor; Millbrook; Blanchard; Rowland; Dushville; Mt. Pleasant; Bundy; Weidman; Remus; W. Millbrook P.O. or Millbrook Sta.; Sylvester; Rustford; Morley; Altona; Stanwood; Coral; Maple Valley; Mecosta; Rodney; Rienzi; Marshfield; Big Rapids; Winchester; Big Rapids; Stimson Jc.; Fork; Barryton; Deciple; Weaver; Chippewa; Paris; Grapo; Emerald Lake; Osceola; Headland; Sears; Muskegon Riv.; Orono P.O. or Milton; Penasa; Brazil; Hersey; Crooked Lake; Headland; Plaster Mill; Ashton; Deer Lake; Avondale; Tempie; Rose Lake; Tustin; Dighton; Marion; Center Lake; Milburn; Frtelingville; Park Lake; Osceolo Jc.; Missaukee; Lake City; Houghton Lake; Falmouth; Vogel Center; Edson Corners; Galt; Lucas; McBain; Round Lake Jc.; Garfield; Houghton Lake; Missaukee; Star City; Nixon; Cutcheon; Stittsville; Higgins Lake; Stratford; Moorestown; Pioneer; Morey; Kalkaska;Jackson; Paddleford; Withington; Trist; Henrietta Sta.; Munith; Michigan Cen.; Leom; Grass Lake; Francisco; Napoleon & Norvell; L. Watkins; Johnson; Brooklyn; Cambridge; Cedarbank; Liberty; Somerset; Horton; Clarks Lake; Hanover; Stoney Pt.; Pulaski P.O.; Wheelerton; Snyder; Wilsons; Parma; Sandstone P.O. or Trumbull; Bath Mill; Albion; Spring Arbor; Concord; Roots; East Springport; Devereaux; Vanhorns; Minard; Arland Rives Jc.; Otter Cr.; Ingham; Dansville; White Oak; Bunker Hill; Stockbridge; Leslie; Ritchburgh; Onondaga; Winfield; Aurelius; Mason; Webberville; Williamston; Meridian; Holt; Packard; Okemos Sta.; Okemos; Trowbridge; Baskett; Alverson; Locke; Lansing; Shiwasee; W. Haven; Byron; Hazelton; Henderson; Elsie; Carland; L. Superior; Lake Independence; Huron Is.; Hudson River Pt.; Pine Bay & Riv.; Salmon Trout R.; Big Bay & Pt.; Yellow Dog River; Silver Lake; Granite Isl.; Granite Point; Middle Island; Dead River; Middle Island; Preque Island; Marquettte; Iron Bay; Haylows; Grand View; River Bagdad; Eagle Mills; Carp; Negaunee; Otis Lake; Westville; Fish Lake; Stillwell; North Liverty; Sumption Pra.; Crms Pt.; St. Joseph; Misha wake; Adamsville; Truitts; Bertrand; South Bend; Bakertown; Warren; Rolling Pra.; Michigan City; New Carisle; Galien; Three Oaks; Avery; Dyton; Buchanan; Edwardsburg; Union; Elkhart; St. Joseph.; Goshen; Waterford; Redfield; Day; Calvin; Brownsville; Barron Lake; Dailey; Cassopolis; Vandalia; Williamsviille; Calvin; Constantine; Fariland; Niles; New Troy; Harbert; Union Pier; Sawyer; New Buffalo; New Richmond; Lake Harbor; Pickands Jc.; Port Sherman; North Muskegon; Lakeside; Mustegon; Edgerton; Casnovia; Velzy; Bailey; Sand Lake; Ashland Lake; Pierson; Maple Hill; Trent; Canada Cor.; North Muskegon; Big Rapids Jc.; Caledonia; Logan; Alaska; McCoris; Ada; Cascade; Croshy P.O. or Bowen; Fishers Sta.; Dutton; W. Carlisle; Bryon Cen.; Ross; Corinth; Jension; Grand V.; S. Grand Rapids; Kinney; Indian Cr.; Mill Cr.; Cannonsburg; Grattan; Bostwick; Belmont; Austurlitz; Childsdale; Pleasant; Ula; English; Rockford; White Swan; Oakfield; Oakfield Cen.; Reeds; Cortland; Ishpeming Sta.; Winthrop Jc.; St. Lawrence; Champion; Diskno; C. Jc.; Clarkson; Greenwood; Stoneville; Goodruth Mill; Midway; Anger P.O. or Olivet Sta.; Kalamo; Carlisle; Chester; Vermontville; Potterville; West Windsor; Shaytown; Roxana; Millett; Hoytville; Sunfield; Mulliken; Bismarck; Branch; Lester; California; Kinnerhook; Gilead; Noble; East Gilead; Bethel; Batavia; Ion; Mattison; North Batavia; Allen Sta.; Orangeville; Girard; Litchfield; Hillsdale; L. Odessa; Filmore; Parmelee; Middleville; Calhoun; Bedford; Penfield; Convis; Convis Cen.; Duck Lake; Partello; Base; Marengo; Michigan Isl.; Outer Isl.; Oronte Bay; Montreal; Troute Lake; Alexander; Fibre; Rudyard; Barbeau; Rapids; St. Joseph; Iland Lake; Rapids; Great Lake George; Fibre; Alexander; Stalwart; Gatesville; Prentis Bay; Search Bay; St. Martins; Big St. Martins Isl.; Mackinac Isl.; Bois Blanc Isl.; Pt. au Pins; Freedom Pt. au Sable; Duncan City; Lockwood; Nelson; Griswold; Sand Lake; Velzy; Casnovia; Cedar Sprs.; Kent City; Gooding; Edgerton; Sparta; Rockford; Ionia; Webbers; Collins; Maple; Lyons; Chandler; Algodon; Clarksville; S. Cass; Bonanza; Rosin; Woodbury; Danby; Campbell; West Campbell; Sebewa; West Sebewa; Portland; Orange; Maple; Stanton Jc.; Miriam; Smyrna; Orleans; Muir; Pewamo; Corners; Matherton; Hubbardston; Bloomer; Shiloh; Chalwick; Palo; Butternut; Vickersville; Stanton; Crystal; Cosby's Mills; Colby; Sidney; Pt. Richards; Greenville; Amsden; Fenwick; Ashley; Kiddville; Otisco; Montcalm; Kendallville; Westville; Riverdale; Ferris; Tews Mills; Vestaburg; Forest Hill; Ceda Lake; Wynian; Rowland; Dushville; Cato; Six Lakes; Edmore; Rustford; Carp Lake; Cheboygan; Pierce Lake; Bliss; Canby; Straits of Mackinac; Bridgeton; Jericho; Muskegon R.; Childsdale; Flower Creek; Montague; Whitehall; Sweets; Whitehall; Sitka; Brooks; Newaygo; Fremont Lake; Worcester Hill; Wooster P.O.; Denver; Etna; White Cloud; Big Prairie; Lumberton; Vincent; Howard; Woodville; Keno; Phelph Mill Brookings; Doyle City; Park Vincent; Stimson; Grapo; Hawkins; Cooks Sta.; Barton; McDaffies Mill; Lilley; Riteley; Norway Hall; Stiles; Abbott; Peachville; Elbridge; Tigris; Walkerville; Cob Moss Sa.; Hesperia; Holton; Brunswick P.O. or County Line; Rothbury; Clay Bank; Benona; Marshville; Peachridge; Ociana; Newaygo; Volney; Allencreek; Kirk; West Troy; Sisson; Hawkins; Grapo; Fern; Woodburn; Crystal Valley; Smiths Cors; Spring Creek; Pentwater; Hart; Mears; Houseman; Golding; Fairview; Wesley; Stiles; Reed Cy.; Chase; Flint; Nirvaua; Forman; Baldwin; Bennett P.O. or Stearns; Raiguel; Deer Lake; Luther; Lake; Branch; Manistee Jc.; Marble; Weldon Cr.; Custer; Marble; Buttersville; Ludington; E. Riverton; Amber; Pere Cheney P.O. or Cheney; Wellington; S. Br.; Jack Fine; Crawford River; Grayling; Appenzell; Alexander; Bankers; Slaytons; Judge; Nor. Br.; Frederic; Roscommon; St. Helen; Ogemaw Sprs.; Prudenville; Edna; Houghton Lake; Higgins Lake; Achill; Clare; Harrison; Levington; Dodge; Arnold Lake; Frost; Eyke; Meredith; Summerfield; Upton; Winterfield; Aux Galets Is.; Carplake; Waugoshance Is.; Straits of Mackinac; Mackinaw; Pt. St. Ignace; St. Ignace; Groscap; Pt. au Chene; Brevort; Mackinac Isl.; S. Channell; Freedom; pt. au Sable; Carp Lake; Cheboygan; Douglas Lake; Wellston P.O. or Doubling; Camp Douglas Rioe; Clement; Clement Jc.; Peters; Ferndale; Willville; Conley; Sugargrove; Victory; Ruggles; Olga; Plumb Isl.; North Bay; Mud Bay; Menekaunee; Bagley Jc.; Peshtigo River; Peshtigo; Marine; Cavolt; Peshtigo Har.; Egg Harbor; jacksonport; Baileys Harbor; Mud Bay; Cave Pt.; White Fish Bay; Sturgeon Bay; Clay Banks; Forestville; Annapee; Red River; Namur; Brookside; Pensaukee; Oconto; Kewaunee; Alaska; Sandy Pt.; Tisch Mills; Nero; Mishicot; Neshota; Two Rivers; Manitowoc; Manitowoc Rapids; Cato; Branch; Manitowoc; Kellnersville; Mishicot; Kasson; Rosecrans; Tisch Mills; Denmark; Green Bay; Lincoln; Elllisville; Brown; Newtonburg; Newton; Hika; Millhom; St. Marianz; Stienthat; Des Plaines; South Northfield; Ravenswood; Maplewood; Maywood; Riverside; Englewood; Blue Is.; Kensington; Hyde Park; Grand Crossing; South Chicago; Chicago; Colehour; Edgemoor; Pine Sta.; Forsyth; Farnessville; Miller's Sta.; Chesterton; Hageman; Bake; Porter; Tolleston; Homewood; Wab. St L. & Pac.; Chi. & A.; Beasy's; Laporte;Harvard; Lorenzo; Spencer's Mill; Tnorp; Harriette; Ann; Boon; Onekama Jc.; State Road; Biglow; Bear Lake; Pierport; Chief P.O. or Chief L.; Conger; Marilla; Yates; Lemon L.; Farmsworth; Harlan; Pomona; Copemish; Missen City; Wesford; Sherman; Mesick P.O.; or Sherman Sta.; Gilbert; Wexford; Menuwataka; Arcadia; Homestead; Smeltzer; Gorvivan; Watervale; Bendon; Hannah; Green Lake; Monroe Cen.; L. Brewster; Kingsley; Beitner; Mayfield; Ketsone; Silver Lake; Boardman R.; Acme; Bay Bates; East Angell; Yuba; Archie; Solon; Fouchs; Cedar; Carp Lake; Maple City; Kusson; Oviatt; Osborn; Cedarrun; Empire Dock; Empire; Lake Ann; Traverse Rasort; Neal; Norrisville; Frankfort; Crystal Cy.; South Frankfort; Gorivan; Glen Lake; Glen Arbor; Good harbor; Shetland Carp.; Bingham; Sleeping Bear Pt.; North nity; Levering; Riggsville; Pellston; St. Ignace; Pt. St. Ignace; Straits of Mackinac; Mackinaw; Brevort Moran; Pines P.O. or Palms; Epoufette; Lewis; Trout Lake; Alexander; Iroquis; Bay Mills Sta.; Wellsourg; Rexjora; Eckerman; Soo Junction; Hendrie; Ozark; Fibre; Iroquois; Cheboygan; Indian River; Black River; Pigeon River; Diver; Wolverine; Mullet Lake; Sova; Gashville; Mann's Siding; L. George; Hatton; Dover; Moore's Siding; Wade; Clare; Farwell; Isabella; Calkinsville P.O. or Rosebush; Leaton; Jordan; Alembic; Crawford; Shepherd; Strickland; Salt Riv.; Parkinson; Forest Hill; Wynian; Ceda Lake; Vestaburg; McBride's; Wlwell; Sumnerton; Millbrook; Blanchard; Van Decar; Sherman City; Nero; Brinton; Riverdale; Ferris; Stanton; Crystal; Crosby's Mills; Colby; Gowen; Pt. Richards Greenville; Sheridan; Vickerville; Millers; Amsden; Belding;Eaton; Charlotte; Kingsland; Lymburns; Fairview; Curran; Grams C.; Lewiston; Otsego Lake; Waters; Thunder Bay Riv.; Hillman; Montmorency; Oscoda; Otsego; Browns Dale; Elmira; Jack Fine; Tyrell; Indian Lake; Church; Smith Jc.; Dillon; South Branch; Maltbys.; Rose City; Woodrow; Damon; Hicks; Roscommon; St. Helen; Meridian; Ogemaw Sprs.; Welch; Greenwood; Cuiver; Moffatt; Mapleridge; Shearer; Melita; Dunham; Sterling; Deepriver; Quinns; Moores Jc.; Gladwin; Principal; McClure; Tillabawass; Levington Sid.; Frost; Arnold Lake; Harrison; Edna; Houghton Lake; Edson Corners; Star City; Higgins Lake; Long Lake; Dillon; Achill; Prudenville; Piper; West Brach; Mt. Pleasant; Alembic; Cheppewa R.; Smith's Crossing; Laporte; Big Bay; Bakers; Glen Lake; Glen Arbor; Good harbor; Shetland Carp.; Bingham; Sleeping Bear Pt.; North nity; Levering; Riggsville; Note:

Page  75 _~~ ~ ~ ~~~ ~~ ~~~~~~ V 47 4 rlownship N'.9orth, iqange f/4 Vest of h tcia Krdr 9. q7 e 118 Q3O 88?' 365P s6 6flg Sane 39692 '7lzv 3&?ýýZ]&79 65I99?ttO3 'lO'Pqs 1?O7 hrz-s Imc C CoeLvert;v 12 aT2 5.LDO-. 7 fz tee rCi2S).t * ~~~ ffn o z t oztz ecT. i YTd vrre n NH Dattmicn(ý 2 rTarsO' mn CL n.~ t kut -.7_ dt(aY l~r y wri r rtcoh1 n CT b 72rNp 4? 0a Iha - nc.Wetede ey ah t 09 nZ5 Refer 7- Q hors ain TI, CZs..Qo I as i~ led taos NT cTach- & hon Vim. D~7. r~.nr W.:Ve~c I 73 Yjbý Eb d.)jg s Bhes Qf I-e %crdeftot rnr. aZ tter Jran 2 ercy- Ber -. hats; 'I ost- -Ftp 80 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 9 80 00 0 O hrLqacia$ o ~ br o a * I ~schboo rdj rtz c> 1U J. 'D De ý. atec~'hunr m L ~ c ~ fe~o o~~r~ki~qter YT raci San - 'i canez:onq29e_. * recmerthlzrcj Eqe eq lu f C2rZ an o Hy z ml0 f en dent G- 4Z4.01z20ieI D.UID. * a cotHp ro ]efn e * Dte o -b CEhoZI> N eeu-4v,&en 159 1Wee-, II? -M ~~~~~~v~O;. Gsas hk (Joz 0 chei-nal2 ee iafle-~ 0 le-.Bet7$ CZ 0. hW? ff S 23 16 0N Prerne Ud e Title: Map of Blendon Township 6 N 14 W Keywords: Allendale Twp.; R. F. D.; Mrs. R. G. Milne; John Holstege; John Overweg; Geo. Schipper; Peter Elenbaas; John Grote; M. Vanderkooi; Hy. Coelingh; Evert Holztze; J. W. Morren; Arend Styff; R. Timmerman; J. Schamper; Egbert Kaas; John Sall; Wm. Witters; H. Dalman; John Ter Horst Est.; H. Dalman; John Ter Horst Est.; P. Olson; P. Driesinga; Al. Kuyers; G. Berghorst; R. Postma; H. Ter Horst; E. Grant; Dirk Berghorst; Wm. Berghout; School; J. Veldhuis; Jas. Waldie; Peter Visser; Arie Schuideman; J. Parn; Fred Westveld; John Haverman; Ed. Postma; J. C. Heizenga; John Flipsey; Abe Flipsey; Saml. Hague; Frank Bowens; L. G. Parady; Rich Dekker; J. H. Aylworth; Herb Longhryg; Martin Otto; John Topp; Jas. Parm; John Miedema; Mart. Kautenberg; Fred & John Tambhe; Jas. Kautenberg; Mrs. Hudson; Hy Kautenberg; Gus. Engle; Frank Smedley; Henry Behrens; Church; C. Bing; A. F. Fahrnow; Thomas Engle; Claus Tambke; Claus Behrens; G. E. Van Allen; Mrs. Egbert Talsma; School; Hy. Overweg; D. D. Meeuwsen; Phil Goodyke; Herm Goodye; Hy. Goodyke; Dick Goodyke; H. Grippen; Dirk Kuicken; J. Standert; Jacob Weenep; Bruin Glass; Martin Bremer; L. Mulder; J. Lamer; Hy. Ramaker; B. Gronhoff; John Dykstra; Al. Kuyers; L. De Jonge; Corn Postma; Bauer Creamery; Church; Chris De Jonge; Lawrence Schoemaker; Melle Barom; Hy. Elzinga; M. Visser; H. Klynstra; E. Grond; Saml. Hague; P. Dreisenga; John Dys; A. Flipsey; J. Bruins; L. Dykestra; D. Bekius; Mrs. J. MOrren; Hy. Maas; E. Seydel; Hy Kautenberg; John Miedema; O. Terpstra; Arch McDonald; C. Kautemberg; School; John Nibblink; Cor. Borgerding; Hy. Ro Uins; Ed. Emer; Al. Snoejink; J. H. Vrugink; L. A. Ownes; Ed. Kooman; L. D. Mosher; HerbWilson; L. D. Mosher; G. M. Woodruff; H. J. Nibblink; Hy. Tambke; Claus Tambke; Bauer; W. R. Schmidt; H. B. Wilson; G. M. Wilson; L. Wilson; Gent Moeke; G. J. Gorman; R. DeHaan; Hy. Driesanga; J. H. Morslink; Mrs. T. Luntsma; John Raterink; John Boetsma; Mannes Overweg; Wieba Faber; Dirk Ten Broeke; B. Martini Est.; Albert Drosk; Wieba Faber; John Raterink; Gerrit Essenburg; Jos. Blauwkamp; Jacob Steinga; John Van Dyk; Harm Zal; H. Klynstra; John Rietman; Klaas Elzinga; Mari Elzinga Est.; D. Elzinga; Douwe Bekius; Mrs. John Morren; H. Velthuis; H. Zoet; Hy. Maas; John Mol; L. Dykstra; Mart. Martine; John Mol; Andrew Kunze; Douwe Bekius; John Oppenhuis; Norma Kunze; Klaas Elzin; John Idema Sycle Zuidema; L. Stuiring; E. Seydel; Martin Lehnen; Fred Schulmeister; G. Keyser; Mrs. Della Elzinga; E. D. Elzinga; Mill; Norman Kunze; E. Seidel; D. S. Elzinga; Jacob Elhart; L. Stuiring; H. Heuselhorst; John Vruggink; Ed. Kooman; M. C. Atwood; H. B. Atwood; Wm. Puls; Abel Dykstra; F. Evans; Leon Hall; A. Notting; John Puls; M. Elberta; Gerrit Brousing; F. Boyland; H. Holstega; J. Elhart; Al. Dykstra; Reltse De Hahn; Albert Overweg; Gert Meppelink; H. P. Meppelink; Luke Luurtsma; B. Blauwkamp; Al. Overweg; H. Marlink; Harry Boss; Henry Wesseldyke; Creamery; H. Schout; Corn Elenbaas; G. Moeke; Church; H. Vanderveer; Corn Elenbaas; Borgulo P.O. John Bosh; H. Habers; Bert Habers; Wm. Overweg; Jos. Blauwkamp; Gerrit Zuiverinks; Dirk Machiela; John Smith; Enne Kraai; P. Brunink; G. Bussis; M. Nagelker; Lib Kraai; John Otting; P. Brunink; J. H. Goeteler; Pet Petroelga; Al. Wesseldyke; Tymen Ponstein; J. De Roo; M. D. Elzinga; Town Hall; D. Elzinga; John Lahuis; G. Gerritt; Martin Krikke; Cheese Factory; J. Beukeman; M. Z. Etzinger; F. Raimer; J. Dryer; Oscar De Jonge; J. Dryer; J. B. Elhart; John Lahuis; H. H. Avink; P. Isenhoff; Hy. Nyenbrink; J. H. Vruggink; John Vinke; John Vrugink; J. B. Elhart; Ed. Hall; John Harman; Mrs. Della Elzinga; John Stuit; Hy J. Avink; J. H. Vruggink; H. J. Nyhuis; B. J. Nyhuis; J. H. Vruggink; John Steffens; Holstege Bros.; B. Neinhuis; Cem.; H. Van Der Molen; Metterhick; Bouke Hoffman; Herm. Vrugink; W. P. Hall; John Brink; Church; H. Koop; Enne Kraai; Gertje Lahnis; Cem. G. J. Boerman; Enne Machiela; John Bosch; G. Geppen; Peter Maler; L. Geppen; Mrs. Al. Marlink; Gebben & Diepenhorst; H. Blauwkamp; Peter Lamer; J. & W. De Jonge; Dirk Walters; John Marlink; Otto Terpstra; Achtenhof Bros.; J. B. de Roo; B. De Roo; John Bosser Kool; Gebben & Diepenhorst; G. Zwenvenink; P. Van Wingeren; Corn Bowens; J. H. Huyser; John Bowens; Corn Diekema; Benj. De Roo Jr.; Tymen Ponstein; John Zwagerman; Corn Vereeke; B. Diekema; G. Van Neil Wm. Van Dyke; Peter Moll; Reitsa Machiela; Douwe Bekius; Benj. Balder; Corn Huyser; J. Hop; W. Hop; J. Morren; H. J. Wittinger; P. Machiela; John Jelsma; Hy. Vruggink; John Bohl; John Brink; H. J. Avink; Peter Bohl; H. J. Wittinger; Jas. Van Neil; J. B. Hop; Ty. Top; S. Vandermeer; H. J. Avink; G. J. Veldman; G. J. Vruggink; J. Van Putten; H. J. Avink; Nick Van Der Molen; Dick Ter Haar; M Klamer; Jacob Jager; H. Steffins; John Koster; M. Vanden Wall; V. Barness; J. Bohl; R. Johnson; Hy. Grassmeyer; B. J. Nuinhuis; J. Van Farowe; R. L. Johnson; Adrian Everse; G. J. Briggink; Adrian Everse; Jas. Stegeman; Peter Stegeman; G. J. Lubbers; Timmer Bros.; Olive Twp.; John Bosch; Al. Bosch Est.; Chris De Jonge; J. A. Bosch; J. Amerall; N. Hoffman; John Bouwens; M. D. Elzinga; J. Amerall; Jacob De Vries; Geo. Kuipers; J. Kossen; Peter Dykhuisen; John Huyser; Herbert Van Winqeren; W. J. De Jonge; Jacob Morren; Dick Van Wingeren; Jacob Helder Est.; Res. of D. Helder; Peter Van Gelden; John De Vries; H. & B. Ponstein; Arie Ponstein; P. Staal; Cornelius Heyboer; A. De Jonge; T. Beldtt; B. Balder; Jas. Morren; Lolke Klynstra; John Heyboer; Corn Heyboer; Jacob Barense Jr.; H. J. Wittenger; J. B. Hop; Jacob Barense; Peter D. Heyser, Jr.; Jacob Kloosterman; Peter Huyser; Wm. Karsten; Wm. Hop.; C. Vreeke; H. Van Der Molen; John Hop; Jacob Hop Est.; John Hop; J. B. Hop; J. W. Abel Est.; John Kuite; H. J. Wittenger; John Jager; H. G. Ohlman; J. B. Hop; John Hop; Lub Schut; Dirk Heyser; Jennie; J. W. Abel Est.; John Kuite; John Klynstra; J. W. Abel Est.; Church; H. Streyt; Tymen Top; Hannes Zoet; H. Borst; J. Bohl Jr.; Fred Berens; B. L. Holstege; H. J. Holstege; G. J. Lubbers; B. Lubbers; Josiah De Reqt; Corn Spoelman; L. Grasman; John Bohl; Hy. Smith; S. Van Der Meulen; H. Steffens; Peter Wyangarden; A. Van Leven; Corn Van Levan; Georgetown Twp.; Zeeland Twp. Note:

Page  76

Page  77 A ov--n A -#!..I A L-t- ^Ae% -,r-l A f%-M A G F -I--- IL-iI- IFk IP5IwI 0 a a _0.0 o-SIS ZEELANDy OP. TOWNHIPScale 2 inches to t mile, --l -ýý Fr-7;.Mý (13') )JJ3. U7ownship 9 X4orth, Sanyo 1 4 Ve8t of thu 514 ehigan SIteridian 'C U 'C -Bt4&..vD Yvn -" i /? / 4 k2( [a P. A.- D-- 'C I I I.( StZZ-n722zfl;U61Zcn' Z- 2IVznd~erBosch YaCbete U _c 0&ac e rr' I'e At.9 -een:en s 2AI Zncz J)Ten - amse.ez A5rtn ZerK'nrr At Darn.sr m0 Decron qe rr-i2e? H. " K.B-72tfe a "TTc oo 'Ea4 qWVlnder- m. DJ}Trnac MJ V(2 42 LtooIB..1 'C I 2 4. a.BoaHe-, j. ~e-2 62a 50 n e2 5 anlufovez72 72 Z?ff $5 94J 04" D,'l r2 4w I. I I. II 2LO/ Fox H.s. oll. 9 @Zre 7e tawNe 130 1 CIaV. 2w Ce 80. 07T A. ýf/Tats tlocn40 co& j_ rni "O; I rei mai 31I U' bc 'ml Zc SI If ta z 160 ran Ko~ ýone lilt ra n Fttr'ouw 60 *0 C. Ye2 PA'4 rG. -0 7rerse,7-0 - V --. -"f ý::A- -411- 1 Sx I IL) rd De(7-,one I'e 2f8 e'cli Otil DieT to 4L KA.o r oftersi 47: C3 OWLt Bye~ 70 8 47,.g Obe ee v t'S CDl H.Ucr BZIxterZ Sl o, Qhrt b~e c~o nq-e/ Yu n rs. fzznD tnh Arr. - w Achterh of a r r - -- A. --- Detil'aez9 0 5..4,DeZcjoe a G3. H.A4Pt 2otten rerhaar 50 Wqnqc2 den rm'zirn - - 70 01o DeRKoA S~c3 S177 39 F".De VrleS, BK l a'zn9 9~ oj4y V~orcz~e, Ver-.Tliacpe b 0A l25o a ool -CI A ' Pi 44ý CaaIOrn~~5r H~ Opr I v 72 thnrCh! ýRBacr e nse oertIfe M7nap We r e re' -.- - a -I - - OK-,a r rn bier& 77anOf l= Yond~cerBo,?ch -.-:!! E-. - *.c r-.. -- 1 jr II1 6efr*s Scheete Aq~o 0. C. be en honts I I I ýF - - - -Ir= - - - - - - - - 'roers mar Bn a?7 m qoa: 40 __________________________ R-.------------- ~ 4t40 rsz1L6 ts~I cli tj 10 0) ~k g&2A~0"XN hl L04eatVVf '6 ____ j _____ kIN' r&T2 40 -c-I ------- --Itt- r 5 As 72 T Z7' -IAN re 2 tzrz t 7 -*Vo s$ COtene a Op0 eM Q) in 5gcj 53 efow 20 G~e Von Zoerb 617 Pei OY.Boa 40 4/VS 4.Se -c.? wlzied d12irWir( s22L IN 1-iI-. r. -.1* 'U * 06 C' Dz.zbbos cEo hr AWN x 30 am7Ter VC Zand e j Velcie - 4 q0 c.Ta a.4t S Wa tabe I 0 S hoer7naizter C, 72de r- YeZde - 4 *hus ex40 c r. Sha G,5-a U 50 a crohn 0 Duannin 60 U7 T Z7,Me -0-- ".5-' a Gaerrttt 7 F'Z ta'rE,5at. kf Si.19 cN andrew DeVree '#0 "-7 L" Ito' 1 Jan' K Q I- 10o '61o. ma 52 TNTN IL-N 2) N i2) fl% rb; tOB, I7 G-0 -'go ff00 -Sen 40 -rAr Hl'enry jtroa a1 2~ta A.Boe N Lz'D szn Ccz 40 co S0) OD OD * U 3925 'K. U 200 1 159, 17i Jo hr [Joe z, a 45 H [(as t Sat. '45 0 4o $5 lz T -2114. U- A I-I: bX, ri t r tLL~n -W= -= 40 ohnrtmrne. aT. ' it - a- - ii,.. ' - " - - - qU hai A 94 all, 2C2 LJ$5 IL) 'V so q TN V. co & U 'I I' I: o 11 I' 'I r.1 IS. 'o F7 4.w ton te z 1o 4) p 26 I-- - men a -. M4 Z-ft. - IJaT r PanI 40 L! L '2f.=pg It 1 M2 ' A. F* 'z r2 Ir A74 0 A.C. Van7 - Est. rr 7-.'rtin the!2 02 (tO 72 -2 6 300,E l~ CQ11,4C,4 'b - 0 I, 0to 4p0 Hi IDe 4'0 P-4 5,5 Everz t#0e 1-0 H.OP kO riC2 DJ.T z20 - - - - ý-= - dLr= VOEW - - I - --- - TN 100 U7M72 2Pcmv 771P7? U!FFD o) 4-0 ~z - M-oerez - hasf Vra eZ Noe IfV 7-Z i.4P 0 h OF qoEs t. E(Y. CTCZ Z2 77e p- 'Rra Z - - cz qvT.7-n cz a re: fit I 44A M<;!."rerc i/C Zif/st.e7 4w 4W 3 'K C i U.' S 0 0) AZ p IK-1 a Tttvarn 411,~ rQ ) var 14, OD4 r0 ohL'I-I -Pe e Pa ta beri * ifoeve I a~ne40 fpgFaDPVa Joa j )) II-HA M e =Z -4 -, - - I40 -I 4.) 'a 0 0; 2) '> *3% tlq - $5 - 0) 0 Z IL) i.1 *1t 0r Strfl4L Z T02-2 a'.S 0) Cl.) U 'It-i to IQt vIZ RN o' co to p2b% qpCIK JanP Ae I.Ji' -'---S - - AI2LW G%/A rr,a Title: Map of Zeeland Township 5 N 14 W Keywords: Blendon Twp.; R. F. D.; J. Stuning; J. De Kraker; J. Kossen; Eli Elzinger; K. Vander Bosch; C. Wabeke; K. Vander Bosch; L. Rens; P. Meeusen Est.; Jacob De Vrier; M. Westrate; W. De Kraker; A. Lamar; M. Zwagerman Est.; M. Mensen; John De Vries; A. Negelkirk; C. Van Farowe; P. Van Gelaren; Jacob De Koster; E. P. Vereke; Gerrit Kok; C. Vane Farowe; G. Huiser; School; Tieman Beld; J. D. Jager; John Bakken; Mrs. Anna Zwagerman; A. De Jonge; P. Achterhof; M. Bekins; A. De Blaey; P. Huyser; J. Velderman; Cream; Cor Huyser; Dirk Huyser; J. S. Zwagerman; Martin Bekins; Jan Scheele; M. Dalman; Church; John Barense; C. Boertye; R. Knap; D. P. Vereke; Cem; D. Scheele; Dirk Tanis; T. A. Hinjega; M. Coburn; M. Coburn Est.; G. Schut Est.; Holstege Bros.; S. De Hoop; M. Dalman; Wm. Feenstra; Gerrit Gelder; G. Schrew; Dirk Tanis; F. Lamper; G. Gerder; D. Tanis; S. Vander Melen; H. Smit; Chas. Vrees; H. J. Penler; Berend Kiel; D. T. Ver Hage; H. Timme; B. Vanden Brink; J. De Kraker; D. D. Meenwsen; Wm. De Jonge; K. Knifer; D. Van Loo; Wm. Hendrike; H. Van Burg; M. Damstra; Wm. De Jonge; M. Zwagerman Est.; M. Van Loo; W. Vander Beldt; B. Schout; Mrs. J. Kats Est.; J. Kats; A. Kloosterman; J. De Kooster; H. Kloosterman; A. Siekman; Ed. Boone; J. Kloosterman; D. Elenbas; Hendrick Krans; John Timmer; Wm. Kok; Mrs. J. Kats Est; C. Van Farowe; Govert Keppel; P. Huyser; G. Huyser; J. Velder; Geo. Ter Haar; V. De Vries; Jan Schoten; J. Bos; E. De Kok Est.; Andrew Schut; F. De Vries; P. M. Wyangaarden; C. Leenhants; R. Knap; Jan Jonker et al.; Fred H. Ter Haar; H. Steenwyck; D. M. Wyngarden; D. J. Wyangaarden; Wm. Haan; J. G. Van Zoeren; P. Semelink; M. Borman; Gerrit Gelder; Wm. Fenstra; John Welderm; Jan Wederweld; A. Schreur; J. H. Vander Kolk Est.; P. Trost; School Simon Bos, Sr.; F. Leesman; De Hoop Est.; Wm Kool; J. M. Van Zoeren; M. T. Ver; Cor Prins; Wm. Meyer; Maria Dal; H. J. Roelofs; P. Trost; P. Nederweld; D. T. Ver Hage; M. T. Ver Hage; A. G. Van Zoeren; A. Boldt Est.; Klaas Roek; H. Kruithof Est.; Evert Enring; H. Hopper; Ed. Verhage; Jan Kalman; G. Zwagerman; H. Diepenhorst; A. Zenner; W. Nagelkirk; L. Schoemer; P. Bouwma; F. Hendricks; J. Vander Luyster; D. Elenbaas; John Schout; D. Brummel; G. Van Hoven; Pere Marquette R. R.; M. Ver Hoven; H. Scholten; T. Scholten; M. Ver Laven; Wm. Fox Est.; J. W .De Jonge; Jan Zwiers; G. Lokerse; N. Buter; J. Scholten; S. Weirda; M. De Jonge Est.; W. Ossewaarde; Mrs. R. Osswaarde; M. De Jonge; H. Hardenberg; A. Boer; P .Lokerse; H. Ensink; H. J. Buter; Chris De Jonge; Mrs. G. H. Hungerink; G. H. Terhaar; A. Wyngarden; Jacob Morden; D. Tanis; Mrs. Jan Ver Hage Est.; Jacob Elsma; D. Meenas; S. De Hoop Est.; G. Vander Bosch; Cem.; G. J. Van Nord; J. K. Hofman; S. Broersma; B. Schermer; A. Van Haitsma; A. Van Herowynen; D. C. Ver Hage; T. G. Van Nord; A. Her Vanwyn; A. De Vree; T. Van Hartsma; C. Vander Baan; Bert W. Cole; G. Van Kovering; Mrs. S. Van Der Meer; H. Van Zoeven; J. K. Hofman; Cor Kaslander; G. J. Van Zoeven; J. De Hoeve; D. Tanis; Den Herder; V. Boek; A. G. Van Zoeren; C. J. Den Herder; A. J. Boldt Est.; S. Bos Sr.; T. Van Haitsma; Jan Timme; G. Kalman; Jan Kalman; G. J. Sprik; Mrs. H. Gartenmaker; G. Heyboer; E. De Vree Est.; M. Van Zoeren; Wm. Timmer; E. Ver Hage; J. De Witt; Grand Rapids Holland & Chicago Elec. Ry.; Zeeland; A. C. Van Hees; Jan Rozema; T. Keppel; A. Timmer; J. Wissing; J. Kalper; B. Mulder; J. Klamer; A. Jansen; L. Huyser; J. Schipper; G. Missink; J. Klamer; A. C. Van Hees; C. Vander Velde; Jas. Kossen; Fair View Dairy Farm; Jacobus Voss; John Barense; Holland; Jan Bos; L. Shoemaker; G. Lubbos; C. Vander Velde; John Wabeke; H. Gringhuis; Jan. Bos; Gerritt Flier, Est.; C. Kloosterman; Mrs. R. Ossewaarde; W. Ossewaarde; J. Gras; J. G. Meenges; T. Shermer Est.; G. W. Meenges; John Meenges; J. G. Meenges; D. Tanis; A. Van Herowynen; J. G. Hoeve; J. Meenges; A. Nagel Kerk; C. Van Der Meer; C. Shermer; D. M. Wyngarden; J.D. Ver Hage; G. M. Wyngarden; J. Posterhage; Cem.; A. Van Hattsma; Andrew De Vree; S. Postmus; H. J. Van Hartsma; School; C. Shermer; John Dunnink; John Timmer; J. De Groot; A. V. H.; S. Agema; L. Elzinga; Vriesland P. O.; A. Faber; H. Faber; R. Van Hailsma; T. Palmbos; R. Van Haitsma; Benj. Kroodema; G. T. Van Hartsma; John Beyer; E. Vander Kolk; H. Freriks Est.; P. Ver Duin; J. Winters; H. Witvliet; H. Lippenga Sr. Est.; John Roek; Cor. Van Hartsma; John De Witt; D. Dewitt; John Myaard; Jacob Roon Est.; H. De Kleine; H. Koning; D. Balies; J. Mitderke; T. Pul; Jos. Meeuwsen; L. Schintma; G. S. Wyn Koop; J. Van der Bos; D. Boonstra; L. Mulder; J. H. Schultz; R. Nykamp; Jan Dekker; W. Schultz; Tieman Pul W. J. Menwsen; J. A. Amsing; M. Koosen; Jan Duin Kerk; A. Boer; Wm. Gringhuis; Jan Roelofs; D. Roelofs, Est.; J. J. Meenwsen; P. Kok, Est.; Albert Roelofs; T. Palmbos; S. Lousma; R. Tibbe; Henry Kraai; H. & J. Hulst; Cem.; Klaus Mast; John Hoeve; H. Mast Est.; J. Kruithof; Dirk Kok; L. W. Kaslander; J. G. Hoeve; L. Seinen; Ed. Van Naard; J. G. Hoeve; Wm. Tanis; Geert Gort; H. L. Brouwer; E. L. Brouwer; O. Yntema; N. Beyer; L. Brouwer; John Ter Haar; Creamery; Simon Hofma; John Wiggers; H. O. Yntema; H. Weaver; John Weaver; Wigger Karten; Ed. Timmer; Drenthe; T. Beywer; R. Bredeweg; G. Hreffhaf; J. Kamps; R. Kamps; H. Wyenhuis; M. De Kleine; Wigger Harsten; H. Frericks; G. De Kleine; H. Essing; H. & J. Yntema; J. Bos, Est.; D. De Kleine; Holland Twp.; H. J. Geerling; B. Mulder; D. Overweg; J. H. Schultz; M. Baron; J. Pappen Est.; Fred Theil; M. Baron; G. J. Veurink; A. Rooks; Walter Veurink; John Prins; Peter Hoeve; Allegan Co.; P. Kok Est.; H. Molenwyk; K. Mast; Egbert Seinen; A. Seinen; J. Pappen Est.; Wm. Moes; Albert Roelofs; Jan Roelofs; D. Roelofs Est.; G. De Haan Est.; Avert Nykamp; Wm. Wichers; H. Vander Kolk; Wm. De Haas; Egbert Seinen; Klaas Boer; K. Vischer; J. Vischer; P. Van Boer; K. Brouwer; A. Bergman; K. Myer; Peter Hoeve; B. Ter Haar; H. J. Dazema; K. Brouwer; Harry Ter Haar; Richard Hunderma; Dick Hunderman; Nicholas Hunderman; Cem.; D. & H. Hunderman; Church; B. Ter Haar; E. Bredeway; E. Brodman; H. L. Brauwer; J. Kuiper; Jacob Kamps; E. G. Brauwer; Cem.; R. Mast; M. De Kleine; H. Weggers; S. Upholt, Est.; W. Timmers; B. Swell; G. Timmer; T. Essenberg; A. K. Lanning; John Lanning; Upholt Estates; Harm Lubbers; J. Padding, Estate; Simon Pool, Est.; Jamestown Twp. Note:

Page  78 Title: Map of the United States Keywords: Big Horn Mts.; Sheridan; Buffal; Ft. McKinney; Parkman; Wind River Range; Lander; Atlantic City; Clearmont; Gillette; Powder River; Moorcroft; Cambria; New Castle; Sundance; Aladdin; Platte Riv.; Orin; Lusk; Sunrise; Guernbey; Bordeaux; Horse Creek; Ft. Russell; Cheyenne; Burns; Hartville Jc.; Wendover; Douglas; Glen Rock; Casper; Allen Jc.; Laramie; Carbon; Centennial; Collins; Hanna; Dana; Rawlins; Creston; Red Desert; Patrick; Rock Springs; Green River; Lombard; Jefferson; Townsend; Elkhorn; Boulder Valley; Butte; Whitehall; Sappington; Norris; Laurin; Virginia; Dillon; Silverbow; Stuart; Anaconda; Calvin; Deer Lodge; Phillipsburg; Grantsdale; Hamilton; Crab Tree; Wyoming; Yellowstone National Park; Shoshone Mts.; Thermopolis; Bull R.; Stinking Water R.; Cody; Frannie; Big Horn Riv.; No Water Cr.; Claremont; Burlington; Flagler; Cheyenne; Wells; Kit Carson; Hugo; Ramah; Limon; Falcon; Colorado Sprs.; Palmer L.; Elizabeth; Coloardo Cy.; Manitou; Pikes Pk.; Cripple Cr.; Buena Vista; London; Como; Granite; Aspen; Gunnison; Baldwin; Crested Butte; Ruby; Anthracite; Aspen Jc.; Leadville; Red Cliff; Grand Jc.; Delta; Montrose; Lake Jc.; Aberdeen; Farlin; Monarch; Salida; Canyon Cy.; Pinon; Pueblo; Nepesta; Ordway; Galatea; Sweetwater R.; Granger; Green R.; Big Piney; Sage; Waterfall; Bridger; Colorado; Hahns Peak; Bear R.; White R.; Meeker; Glenwood Sprs.; Gypsum; New Castle; Red Cliff; Central Cy.; Idaho Sprs.; Georgetown; Frisco; Ft. Logan; Golden; De Beque; Denver; Lafayette; Sunset; Boulder; Erie; Longmont; Arkin; Brighton; Loveland; Stout; Ft. Collins; Ft. Lupton; Greeley; Gardin; Carr; Grover; Buckingham; Willard; Sterling; Holyoke; Fleming; Crook; Laird; Yuma; Akron; Brush; Goodrich; Ft; Morgan; Wiggins; Hudson; Scranton; Byers; Agate; Cannon Ball R.; South Dakota; Ashcroft; Pollock; Eureka; Aberdeen; Ipswich; Roscoe; Bowdle; Evarts; Faulkton; Conde; Moreau River; Gold Beach; Jacksonville; Range; Salem; Blue Mts.; Idaho; Bonners Ferry; Sand Point; Rathdrum; Courdaline; Murray; Mission; Chatsworth; Pt. of Rocks; Kramer; Mojave; Barstow; Daggett; Borate; Haslett; Ash Hill; Goffs; Purdy; Vanderbilt; Danby; Needles; San Bernardino Mts.; Pasadena; Monrovia; Chino; Los Angeles; Santa Monica; Redondo; San Pedro; Orange; Pomona; Santa Anita; Corona; Colton; Riverside; Redlands; San Bernardino; Chino; Santa Catalina Isl.; San Nicolas Isl.; San Clemente Isl.; San Juan; Perris; San Jacinto; Seven Palms; Salton; San Jacinto; San Juan; Temecula; L.A. Jc.; Fall Brook; Escondido; Tortuga; Fosters; San Diego; National City; La Presa; Tia Juana; Coronado; Arizona; Grand Colorado; Canon River; White Hills; Peach Sprs.; Hackberry; Kingman; Chloride; Seligman; Ash Fork; Williams; Flagstaff; Canon Diablo; Little Colorado R.; St. Joseph; Holbrook; Navajo; Houck; Jerome Jc.; Prescott; Jerome; Winslow; Mayer; Congress; Jc.; Wickenburg; Colorado Riv.; Peoria; Phoenix; Black R.; Fort Apache; Tempe; Mesa; Globe; Estrella; Gila R.; Morenci; Clifton; Dungan; Gila Bend; Gila River; Yuma; Tacna; Chrystoval; Sentinel; Maricopa; Cas Grande; Red Rock; Rillito; Tucson; Benson; Quijotoa; S. Pedro R.; Solomonsville; Thatcher; Pima; Ft. Thomas; San Carlos; Florence; Bowie; Wilcox; Cochise; Fairbank; Huachuca; Crittenden; Harrison; Wardner; Mullan; Wallace; Bitter Root Mts.; Moscow; Genesee; Kendrick; Juliaetta; Ahsahka; Lewiston; Grangeville; Mt. Idaho; Snake Riv.; Salmon Riv.; Salmon; Council; Indian Valley; Challis; Beaver; Weiser; Payette R.; Placerville; St. Anthony; Idaho City; Mackey; Arco; Ketchum; Hailey; Bellevue; Shoshone; Wapi; American Falls; Pocatelllo; Blackfoot; Idaho Falls; Rexburg; Nampa; Boise; Emmett; Caldwell; Murphy; Mountain Home; Delamar; Silver City; Rock Creek; Albion; Shoshone Falls; Malad City; Swan Lake; Bear R.; Paths; Preston; Montpelier; Soda Springs; Blackfoot; Market Lake; Montana; Kootena; Jennings; Farmington; Tekoa; Cheney; Odessa; Davenport; Spokane; Springdale; Colville; North Port; Okanogan R.; Lake Chelan; Washington; Grand Forks; Greenwood; Rossland; Trail; Robson; Nelson; Penticton; Marysville; Beaver; Junction; Panguitch; Parowan; Escalante; Monticello; Bluff; San Juan River; Kanab; St. George; Cedar City; Uvada; Lund; Frisco; Milford; Nevada; Goose Lake; Desert; Smoke Cr. Desert; Mill City; Winnemucca; Golconda; Iron Point; Battle Mtn.; Coin; Shoshone; Palisade; Elko; Halleck; Deeth; Wells; Ullin; Lugin; Terrace; Franklin L.; Ruby L.; Alpha; Eureka; Austin; Catons; Bridges; L. Jc.; Oreano; Pyramid Lake; Browns; Hot Springs; Wadsworth; Virginia City; Dayton; Carson City; Reno; Ft. Churchill; Mason; Gillis; Hamilton; Duck Water; Walker L.; Hawthorne; Luning; Belmont; Geyser; Hot Creek Mts.; Tonopah; Candelaria; Queen; Silver Peak; Fryberg; Caliete; Pioche; Armagosa R.; Desert Mts.; St Thomas; Moapa; Virgin Riv.; Okanogan Lake; Yale; Arrow Lake; Okanogan; Vernon Lower; Nakusp; Slocan L.; Sandon; Kasl; Kootenai Lake; Nelson; Robson; Kuskandok; Kootenai R.; Cranbrook; Crows Nest; Fernie; Magrath; Sterling; Lethbridge; Macleod; Death Valley; Freeman; Randsburg; Bakersfield; Kern; Famoso; Kern L.; Santa Maria; Guadaloupe; Olig; Coast Range; Pt. Harford; Pitt River; Madline; Smithson; Redding; North Fork; Arcata; Eureka; Ferndale; Scotia; Cape Mendocino; Blocksburg; Shasta Mts.; Red Bluff; Tehama; Honey Lake; Susanville; Amedee; Covelo; Willows; Fruto; Fort Bragg; Sherwood; Sites; Lakeport; Colusa; Sacramento R.; Chico; Oroville; Marys V.; Trunkee; Nevada City; Grass Val.; L. Tahoe; Colfax; Yuba Cy.; Auburn; Placerville; Woodland; Lakeport; Rumsey; St. Helena; Elmira; Suisun; Benicia; Le Jc.; Napa; Calistoga; Guerneville; Markham; Roswell; Capitan; Lincoln; Temoral; Lava; Carrizozo; San Antonio; San Marcial; Cutter; Cooney; Kingston; Hanover; Pinos Altos; Ft. Bayard; Silver City; White Water; Lake Valley; Nutt; Deming; Aden; Wilna; Lordsburg; Steins Pass; Las Cruces; Jarrilla; Rincon; Cox Canon; Alamogordo; Temporal; Hagerman; Miller; Carlsbad; Malaga; Pecos River; Texas; Santa Rosa; Healdsburg; Pt. Arena; Ukiah; Sherwood; Fort Bragg; Sacramento; Galt; Ione; Lodi; Valley Springs; Stockton; Mono Lake; Bodie; Oakland; Avon; Keley; Sausalit; San Rafael; San Anselm; Alameda; San Francisco; Tracy; Niles; San Mateo; Santa Clara; San Luis Obispo; Paso Robles; Pt. Arguello; Lompoc; Los Olimos; Elwood; Santa Barbara; Lancaster; Ventura; Santa Cruz Isl.; Santa Rosa Isl.; Oxnard; Saugus; Calabasas; Nogales; Naco; Tombstone; Bisbee; Douglas; New Mexico; Juan River; Aztec; Lumberton; Tierra Amarilla; Chama; Vasquez; Rio Grande Del Norte; Catskill; Blossburg; Raton; Folsom; Grenville; Clayton; Springer; Levy; Caliente; No Agua; Gallup; Wingate; Thoreau; Blue Water; Cubero; Bernalill; San Pedro; Albuquerque; Cerrillos; Santa Fe; Lamy; Fulton; Nanton; High River; Calgary; Gleichen; Kininvie; S. Saskatchewan River; Alberta; British Columbia; Saskatchewan; Medioine Hat; Malheur Lake; Owyhee R.; Stein Mts.; Harney Lake; Albert Lake; Warner Lake; Lakeview; L. Klamath L.; Klamath Lake; Upper Klamath Lake; Ashland; Medford; Eagle Point; Summer Lake; Crooked R.; Des Chutes R.; Coburg; Natron; Eugene; Cottage Grove; Yoncalla; Roseburg; Umpqua River; Marshfield; Empire; Coquille; Bandon; Myrtle Point; Cape Blanco; Port Orford; Grants Pass; Brighton; Benton; Craig; Wolf Creek; Marysville; Ft. Missoula; Desmet; Missoula; Austin; Carlan; Oreille; Flathead; Lake Thompson; Columbia Falls; Kalispell; Carlow; Summit; Peigan; Marias Riv.; Shelby Jc.; Urke; Mullan; Plains; Arlee; Quartz; Great Falls; Dolanc; Redfield; Orient; Gettysburg; Forest City; Belle Fourche; Deadwood; Spearfish; Whitewood; Sturgis; Lead; Piedmont; Black Lead Hills; Rapid City; Hill City; Keystone; Custer; Buffalo Gap; Minnekahta; Hot Springs; Buffalo Gap; Edgemont; Pine Ridge; Rosebud; White Riv.; Chamberlain; Platte; Drummond; Garrison; Helena; Neihart; Barker; Monarch; Lewistown; Flat Willow; Big Sandy; Ft. Assiniboine; Pacific Jc.; Havre; Toledo; Savoy; White Sulphur Springs; Ashefield; Hinsdale; Glasgow; Milk Riv. Missouri Riv.; Nashua; Lenox; Wolf Point; Poplar; Culbertson; Glendive; Wibaux; Yellowstone River; Fallon; Miles City; Ft. Keogh; Rosebud; Forsyth; Tongue R.; Lodge Grass; Fort Guster; Junction; Bull; Billings; Laurel; Bridger; Bowler; Red Lodge; Rockvale; Merrill; Big Timber; Livingston;Mercur; Pleasant Grove; Provo City; Springville; Spanish Fork; Utah L.; Ironton; Silver City; Eureka; Thistle; Payson; Pleasant Val.; Nephi; Moroni; Mt. Pleasant; Scofield; Price; Grassy; Green R.; Leamington; Ephraim; Mant; Castle Dale; Desert; Cisco; Moab; Green River; Fillmore; Salina; Sevier Lake; Neels; Black Rock; Mineral Range; Wasatch Mts.; Righfield; Monroe; Teasdale; Cainesville; Bonesteel; Indall; Tripp; Armour; Mitchell; Woonsocket; Pierre; Ft. Pierre; Blunt; Highmore; Miller; Wolsey; James R.; Huron; Kansas; Herndon; Atwood; St. Francis; Oberlin; Norton; Almena; Phillipsburg; Kirwin; Smith Cen.; Mankato; Long Island; Concord; Beloit; Downs; Alton; Stockton; Kirwin; Logan; Lenora; Hoxie; Colby; Goodland; Sharon Srrs.; Wallace; Winona; Oakley; Hill City; Plainville; Luray; Lincoln; Wa Keeney; Hays; Russell; Ellsworth; Salina; Smoky Hill R.; Genese; Lyons; Great Bend; Hoisington; La Crosse; Ness City; Utica; Gighton; Scott Leoti; Horace; Julesburg; Sidney; Kimball; Grant; Wallace; Curtis; Elwood; Kearney; Aurora; Grand Isl.; Central Cy.; Boelus; St. Paul; O'Neill; Verdigris; Creighton; Plainview; Norfolk; Humphrey; Ericson; Greeley; Albion; Cedar; Palmer; Stromsburg; Platte R.; York; Sutton; Harvard; Hastings; Lester; Red Cloud; Republican Cy.; Alma; Minden; Kenesaw; Holdrege; Beaver City; Republican R.; Benkllman; Culbertson; Imperial; McCook; North Dakota; Portal; Buford; White Earth; Bowsells; Stanley; Wallace; Minot; Willow City; Bottineau; Souris; St. John; Rolla; Rugby; Towner; Leeds; Cando; Churchs Fy.; Langdon; Cavalier; Hannah; Park River; Devils Lake; Aneta; Coopers T.; McHenry; Carrington; Sykeston; Evanston; Almy; Black Hills; N.; Nebraska; Dakota Jc.; Chadron; Rushville; Crawford; Hemingford; Alliance; Ellsworth; Hyannis; Mullen; Thedford; Ainsworth; Valentine; Niobrara River; Ft. Niobrara; Stuart; Bassett; Dunning; Merna; Sargent; Burwell; Ord; Broken Bow; Callaway; Aroadia; Lexington; Cozad; Vroman; North Platte; Galalla; Northport Jc.; Mitchell; Bridgeport; Devils L.; Oberon; Esmond; Minnewaukon; Fessenden; Harvey; Oltaire; Du Missouri; Washburn; Williston; Shaw; Missouri Riv.; Sentinel Butte; Medora; Dickinson; Hebron; Sims; Mandan; Bismarck; Sterling; Steele; Dawson; Medina; Amestow; Adrian; Lamoure; Oakes; Edgeley; Kulm; Monango; Ellendale; Wishek; Linton; Napoleon; Braddock; Larned; Sterling; Hutchinson; Stafford; Macksville; Jetmore; Kinsley; Dodge City; Garden Cy.; Cimarron; Lakin; Syracuse; Arkansas Riv.; Ulysses; Meade; Liberal; Bucklin; Medicine Lodge; Pratt; Kingman; Wellington; Hazelton; Kiowa; Englewood; Ashland; Codwater; Medicine Lodge; Anthony; Coolidge; Coleridge; Comberland; Albernie; Nanaimo; Chemanis; Victoria; Str. Of Georgia; Blaine; Whatcom; Fair; Haven; Anacortes; Vancouver; Westminster; Port Moody; Mission; Str. Of Juan de Euca; Cape Flattery; Flattery Rocks; Olympia; Port Angeles; Pt. Townsend; Mt. Vernon; Everett; Snohomish; Monte Cristo; Rockport; Hamilton; Boulder; Sedro Woolley; Sumas; Agassiz; Tale; North Bend; Ballard; Puget; Cape Johnson; Shelton; Coulee Cy.; Waterville; Fall City; Sallal Pr.; Roslyn; Winatchee; Ellensburg; Palmer; Buckley; Orting; Mt. Rainier; Mt. Tacoma; North Yakima; Ritzville; Connell; Elma; Tacoma; Montesano; Hoquiam; Grays Harbor; Gate; Grays Harbor; Willapa Har.; Ocosta; Centralia; Mormon R.; California; Crescent City; Pt. St. George; Montague; Yreka; Sisson; McCloud; Mt. Shasta; Rhett Lake; Alturas; Felton; Santa Cruz; San Jose; Newman; Modesto; Merced; Oakdale; Sonora; Mono Lake; Milton; Stockton; Lodi; Valley Springs; Joaquin R.; Gilroy; Hollister; Berendo; Raymond; Los Banos; Tres Pinos; Watsonville; Salinas; Monerey; Pt. Sur; Gonzales; Collis; Fresno; Pollasky; Alvord; Mt. Whitney; Keeler; Owens L.; Goshen; Visal; Hanford; Armona; San Lucas; Alcalde; San Ardo; Pt. Sur; Cape San Martin; San Miguel; Tulake L.; Tulare; Plano; Las Vegas; Hot Springs; Shoemaker; Naravisa; Logan; Tucumcari; Rountree; Santa Rosa; Puerto De Luna; San Pablo; Torrance; A.&P. Jc.; Los Lunas; Sabinal; Magdalena; Socorro; Ancho; Elida; Portales; Ft. Stanton; Campbell; Harlowton; Cinnabar; Castle; Musselshell Riv.; Bozeman; Logan; Sheridan Lake; Holly; Lamar; Springfield; Las Animas; Delhi; Trinidad; Rouse Jc.; Rouse; Cucharas Jc.; Walsenburg; Salt Cr.; West Cliffe; Florence; Orient; Villa Grove; Saguache; Moffatt; Creede; Wagon Wheel Gap; Del Norte; Alamosa; Garland; Antonit; Pagosa Sprs.; Tockwood; Silverton; Ironton; Lake City; Ouray; Ridgeway; Telluride; Vance Jc.; Rico; Dolores; Mancos; Durango; Utah; Terrace; Lugin; Kelton; Cache Jc.; Kolmar; Great Salt L.; Salt Lake Cy.; Ogden; Kaysville; Brigham; Hyrum; Logan; Smithfield; Bountiful; Echo City; Coalville; Ft. Douglas; Park Cy.; Garfield Beach; Great American Desert; Grantsville; Sandy; Tooele; Bingham; Alata; Park Cy.; Heber; Uintah Mts.; American Fork; Lehi City; Chehalis; South Bend; Oysterville; Nahcotta; Cape Dissapointmet; Kalama; Yacolt; Vancouver; Columbia R.; Golden Dale; Prosser; Paso; Connell; Wallula; Ritzville; Winona; Colfax; Pullman; Pome Roy; Starbuck; Dayton; Waitsburg; Dudley; Walla Walla; Oaksdale; Garfield; Maple Creek; Crane Lake; Swift Current; Wives Lakes; Lumsden; Qu'Appelle; Moose Jaw; Pasqua; Regina; Rouleauville; Yellow Grass; Indian Head; Grenfell; Qu'Appelle R.; Broadview; Whitewood; Weyburn; Strassburg; Yorkton; Saltcoats; Lipton; Esterhazy; Moosomin; Fleming; Arcola; Kamsack; Oxbow; Alameda; Estevan; Coteau; Melita; Reston; Soupis; Virden; Kemnay; Brandon; Deloraine; Boisselain; Carberry; Morden; Manitou; Neepawa; Minnedosa; Strathclair; Lake Dauphin; Manitoba; Dominion of Canada; Oregon; Astoria; Fort Stevens; Seaside; Portland; E. Portland; Hillsboro; Tillamook; Newberg; Cape Lookout; McMinn V.; Sheridan; Willamette R.; Cape Foulweather; Yaquina; Airlie; Toledo; Corvallis; Albany; Lebenon; Scio; Woodburg; Mt. Hood; Oregon City; Idanha; The Dalles; Biggs; Shaniko; Heppner; Willows; Umatilla; Pendleton; Athena; Milton; Elgin; La Grande; Union; Baker City; Sumpter; Durkee; John Day River; Huntington; Prineville; Burns; Ontario; Payette; Vale; Malheur R.; Note:

Page  79 A cl----nACN- nt, n- n A rN m A e--ý e3 A a 41. ie iu0WIsidp 9' Xorth', 2ange M Vest of the SihgnSfrda liTh WW ý4 R I d M I4~ 17 4 i:2 9 cyr0. 4 - 41 4 ciSeel- JO lLWtZ Alrm. C..nZJ;?Z% man S(atfl- S 7S 7ro Bitsi e Cci nrtj Gee. 0 Fcfohn i.I-W TF NeZ~tso, -~ 'orn Cai0qA W/.-Seartýj-i~m e zae8 C.H a8Q*ZqoZ38JS 0S 0728 AS Rgob@ ~9f~J rz$-7 j atn 0 lB er r.L CA LtzaIaBuU7oodCAe auze Ioeo7-I1T4 a C.jIT Cy-c7 f t CZO '2. 607002 waotC7 4'o AgO:b *0e a ear 0 1JHS.} L7 NI tccI4co -N) twf0.05 0N. IZ.O['.oJ 75 2 Q) wtZ '~ 'o we H ~ P ot~~I 8 L ROt vr<-O a n~ 59.. 8 Ca0 '77.c~ 5r1 no oh B1dmt CarZ]Iatnh? dve err.OP80Har s o Y2 0taeffe Io 4Phas1.01oh-4.) t h a O @0 sn cfot2?lOScIoiv - C c.s. No. I.7in.*Zs: 'Be. F 9nlT2ler 3 oSaah i 4b Ndz Z I*s *iTf01 01ci oh 02 C Poqers IZO S.PW2eis? I t i -i - I-t - - -; - _A etiCohn 10. Bt D nh S~ere I A(rnoldj s- Piercechov A.)Jos, zLiarAeo. Pran`2an-Jaco 'Perrsn *c - -' rhnrsa HOmrsoaqIBoa, c~ioo 1 *'~ K 8. J.C7. rC70r.-.n u-.. h w i-- -Cf ~r~.~--- TT.r1..~f *T~~fAa.nCFiT3.ZTl Z1o2-27 COTLA trb et -z'L 0 Lý I ea 80 j 80 @0 too K - 120 C iN 0 01 ZOO~~ U II52ki 0( rCO rrt4,Z; Been- DenhOid-U Stin thero q'o Au stin Den 70A n e- -z John zob- 1 44Z rtaftraftSl A~ 100 wat0 41 4p 0kG40 S h) c lop C-i1' Av.:2 i:2:2:2.:2 ii C:2:2 4ý OS (iot Z(es $ 00zV 7 1710PZ; if 616.Z *-Fejt ers' N ~ Q)as. Bishop 1 A.0 ' 100 0 nn)C 6 F.14. Chris r, pQ'kOD e 0o-; Lz ~c K NN @0 y-0 1.3 S NJ0 60 N - A-LLcy 3cbineit p9 6< K (3cii* 0 Q U$ qht-Zer Z-2t 120.Su-zrr7dor?10.bazchman 2 '.CiO 1.4 ohn to a) INN O -N) NJ civ .0 S Dc LrQ. rzhof 50hO 0) 0 7100 C. Zer ace, CD q, 0 Ph Z*. hSchaCfer AZ 0 K Ptt 0 her 09 5&52 121 0 5-f5 2-4 YiN 00 S K S 0. a I. I, I, I Chas.110 1F. D. 00jr a JLI k1P4kQ.JILK -- L 0.6*-N I I$. H 14 -L.iý I 0. - -,, _--:=t od I A 'bl,, WN~ODJ 81 10 POT' r%4 - 1IFT. - -r PR IkX Dio aTcn e I - P ia inpe q40 -1 Chas: Stzshopo.1 --F -1 L 4- + - 'I acfnLa r, ELMA "M.A. -F 1701 foane. Fre~d.ZYi[ t - I IN N N N t--' ~..44~L JZL.- 4 44--- oil en--e NJ ---I -F P-1 S EM-rn minza'-' bane nport'.80 eatbert; so &:q ) I 59 k loo '$0-m ai.900 0-., 0 '0 ~~Q 1T00o Po) I 0 CA QC;4 _ C 80 IN. 0 ~,~o ~ ~ ~.xz c1a0e oIN Dc ~ ~ ~-~oWin 6 Geo..L Krvecý -0 e i ci! 77 Cs 4:2. fill Q&O- cl - - - ) k**' %;OVW Title: Map of Chester Township 9 N 13 W Keywords: Muskegon Twp.; R. F. D.; Bert McWilliams; J. M. Seelman; John Harris; Ne Raison; C. H. Craft; J. W. Stautter; Stewart McGaw; J. W. Stautter; Oscar De Vall; Adelaide Smith; Bert McWilliams; Wm. Bradish Est.; C. W. Bunce; Sam McWilliams; Robt. Thompson; Carley Bunce; Wm. Heaton; J. Gillispie; J. W. Wood; Daniel Parker; G. E. Rockwell; C. W. Harrison; A. J. Parker; Geo. Ulmer; Fred Walters; Henry Chase; Jos. Wood; North Branch Crockery Cr.; E. C. Keas; Henry Vanderhoof; Geo. Zimmerman Est.; Geo. Ulmer; A. L. Shear; F. F. Shear; John Fahling; Mrs. Wilhelmina Keds; Wm. Holt Est.; Fred Keas; Liza Waugh; W. G. Wood; Chas. Mauterstock; Cem.; H. S. Averill; Hy. Schambers; Church; Saw Mill; E. W. Olmstead; J. & F. Lundquist; H. T. Barrett; Ed. Miller; Stanley Bennett; Ed. Mauterstock; Mrs. Herm Gentz; And. Stauffer; N. Vanderlaan; E. A. Porter; School; Wm. McCune Est.; Samuel McCune; Jas. Dinan; M. Dinan; J. A. Miller; Mary McGraw; McElveen & Austin; Ed. Soderstrom; S. McGaw; Jas. Rockwell; L. O’Conner; Wm. DeVall; Henry Arends; Carl Link; Carl Link; Wm Snowden Est.; J. M. Seelman; J. H. Seelman; Wm. Arends; Harrisburg; A. Kreg; Store; A. Whitsell; Mrs. Sherman Johnson; Frank Gillespy; Claude Fryback; I. J. Isenhart, Est.; W. H. Harrison; J. A. Gilbert Jr.; Chas. Peters; Jos. Gilbert; John Gilbert; W. H. Harrison; W. S. Averill Est.; Emerson Averill; Thos. Averill; Grand Trunk R. R.; Wm. Vanderhoof; R. D. Bennett; E. F. Averill; C. Vanderhoof; P. Wagner; John Mauterstock; A. L. Shear; P. Wagner; Chas. Keas; John Schwartz; C. P. Walters; A. Stauffer; C. Newschorfer; John Schwartz; And. Stauffer; N. Vanderlaan; F. W. Porter; Hy. Schwartz; Phil. Schwartz Est.; F. Beenbarrow; Mrs. Herm Gentz; J. C. Ebersberger; Robert Austin; Wm. McGaw; James Balfour; A. Chase; J. M. Austin; H. F. Austin; L. Denhof; M. Austin; Daniel Alt, Est.; Wm. H. McCune; M. Dutmen; Ed. Snowden; John Hoffmeyer; Geo. Beuschel; Chas. Finkler; M. A. Miller; Mrs. Roxie Davis; Danl. McNut; C. Lauback; Henry Hendershott; W. S. Rogers; Ludwig Dinkel; Conrad Arnold; J. A. Gilbert, Est.; Sarah Clark; School; C. Caufman; L. T. Ghubb; Fahter; B. Denhof; Geo. Ulmer; C. W. Harrison; Oscar Burgdort; Jonas Mauterstock; Mrs. Wm. Keas; G. Van Dyke; A. Raap; Mrs. Fannie Raison; Wm. Mauterstock; Crockery Lake; John Van Dyke; Chas. Van Dyke; G. Vanderhoff; John Mauterstock; John Van Dyke; J. Denhof; Geo. Fahling; R. H. Lange; Wm. Kens; Geo. Fahling; J. Denhof; F. W. Reister; M. Ulmer; Geo. Ulmer; Phil Bueshel; L. Denhof; John Fahling; John Fahling; Phil Fahling; Ed. Denhof; J. Denhof; H. Gentz; Val. Fahling; James Dutmer; Henry Austin; John Austin; P. J. Reister; D. De Boer Est.; J. De Boer; W. & G. Gillesphy; H. Nostrant; Fred Hoostraat; Nancy Pierce; Thos. Ferguson; Grand Rapids & Indiana R. R.; Rio Grande Cr.; Mrs. Susie Price; Daniel McNitt; Nettie McNitt; Wm. McNitt; Eli Arnold; A. E. & S. L. Pierce; Jackson Glibert; A. McCauley Est.; John Vanderlean Est.; P. Van Dyke; N. Denhof; E. E. Canter; J. Van Offelin; Eugene Pierce; Wm. Pierce; Al. Pierce; John Seelman Est.; A. Raap; Grades Brewker; A. Raap; Paul Van Dyke; Town Hall; A. Rauber; Jos. Miller; Davide Pfieffer, Jr.; David Pfieffer; Al. Umlor; Earl Thurston; John Van Dyke; A. Raap; Jonas Van Oeffelin; Peter Van Oeffelin; Frank Hug; F. W. Reister; Geo. Fahling; Fred Bueschel; Mrs. Chas. Peters; Frank Hug Jr.; J. Denhof Jr.; M. Kraft; John Ritz; John Peters; Albert Hoffmeyer; Jacob Graftama; Hy. Graftama; B. Thurston Est.; Hy. Hoffmeyer; Mart Kraft; C. Kraft; Hy Schwartz; Fred Ritz; Hy Rosenberg; George Aikens; H. O. Schmidt; Curtis Pintler; Flo Basom; J. Morley; John Gillesphy; C. Reuter; Chas. Gillesphy; Thos. Gillesphy; Wm. Peters; A. & J. Schmuker; A. Vandestiner; H. W. Merrick; Thos. Morley; C. Pierce; E. Kelley; Delora Gillesphy; John Kleider; C. Bishop; E. Kelly; Chas. Bishop; F. A. Fryer; Solon Doggett; C. Ritzmyer; P. Krey; Chris Dinkel; A. Zoboloski; John Bausck; Wm. Finkler; Jacob Finkler; J. Zoll; Aug. Schmeker; S. A. Hatto; J. C. Van Wittenberg; Hy. Lampe; Oscar Burgdorf; Chas. Bishop; Jos. Miller; John Riplo; J. Lachman; G. M. Miller; John Van Wiltenberg; E. Grener; Jos. Denhof; P. Miller; H. C. Miller; Lewis Steeg; Cath. Ferner; Lizzie Hubert; Hy. Rosenberg; Peter Krey Est.; C. J. Schafer; John Schafer; Phil Schafer; John Ritz; Fred Ritz; E. J. Pintler; Lisbon; Geo. Lachman; Lewis Kline; Phil Fahling; Muskegon Co.; Bernard Arends; G. Sinclair; Wm. Boynton; B. Duane; W. McWilliams; Geo. McWilliams; Jas. Chittick; Eugene Gillespy; J. E. Miller; Al. Morey; Solon Doggett; Fred Ade; H. Ade; Owen Doane; Conklin; J. Davenport, Est.; D. A. Bean; Daniel Emmons; Fred Bean; J. Davenport, Est.; Hy. Lampe; Chas. Bishop; A. Rauber; Marg’t Doane; Cord Doane; Fred Miller; Emma Davenport; J. T. Weatherby; Geo. Bleckley; M. Davenport; John Hassold; J. T. Weatherby; M. Frank, Est.; C. Rhoda; John Lachman; Phil Miller; Sand Creek; H. W. Merrick; Phil Miller; Art. Umlor; David Batson; Aug. Krey; R. & P. Krey; Val. Schaefer; B. V. Wittenberg; Val Kraft; Jacob Dietrich; Leo Dietrich; N. Zimmer Est.; J. & P. Schwartz; Frank Horton; Chas. Kline; Clement Kline; Chas. Kline; Hy. Schafer; Olis Irish; Wm Irish Estate; H. Schafer; Fred Doam; Kent Co.; Wright Twp. Note:

Page  80

Page  81 Uournsip 8 Xrth, 2angeMVetoth 5KhiaSkrdn 445 01 0.9e -1- 7,-o 4445..74 4.78e~%4 ~ ~ 4 821~g4 a46 /7 k2 07 4 l f 41 Dua~ ~# I -Z-" H1ai2orI" 40 73 s 80* Yntw34 Fete eq l I -__ * l~ ~40 58Diet6-1 '2 to r~t80 ___________ 80 ___ Geo Sc/ catr e tyc %Ca-rprter~ stjs ScY oen o-rnr1h~1 vt He__ -c s 40 CU7AD ot ~ _i t4/D 4VY d0 0 ~o uq) 40 o Oz~Ojo 4 0 te1 40 9 30 5oes -4 uj e' 4- =: a% Q51J 40-k7 5 ~;~. ~ ~; r ~ ~ * (S --i cic.5 40 EorzZ~lri a___ ~ < ~ ~ ee. t c~~ Q 19 Title: Map of Wright Township 8 N 13 W Keywords: Chester Twp.; E. E. Burlingame; W. Saleman; C. Peters; Ray Gillkespy; H. Brack; Pete Kettle; Cath Carpenter; Wm. Bullis; Geo. Conklin; W. Mayeroft; G. Bargwell; F. Bargwell; Fred Bean; Bent Harris; Harriet Manchester; David Batson; M. & L. Boody; F. J. Reister; B. L. Hastings; Fred Bean; A. Carlisle; W. Hastings; A. Wolcott; David Batson; John Zimmer; Ed Grunwell; Ed Schoenborn; L. Dietrich; Jos. Schoenborn Est.; Chas. Schoenborn; R. F. D.; C. Rhodes; J. Wittman; Theo. Emmons; Ed. Umlor; John Brandt; Lewis Schoenborn; Jos. Roback; Jos. Schoenborn Est.; Frank Heitz; R. Schoenborn; F. Armock; F. Arnock; Tybalt Armock; J. B. Umlor; M. Umlor; Wright; Joseph Host; Court Ade Lake; A. Host; John Bauer; F. J. Brown; C. F. Greiner; Chas. Greiner; Cath M. B. Assn.; Cem; Mary Krupp; Alois Rasch; Cranberry Lake; Geo Hooker Est; School; Geo Boody; H. C. Squier; J. L. Pratt; F. Housler; Sunnybrook Farm; J. Dyke; F. E. Baker; L. Bone; A. Carlisle; A. C. Davis; Aug Brugal; J. D. Sanford; L. D. Sickles; Adam Brugal Est.; Al Brugal; M. J. Brill; E. Rogers; M. Rogers; A. Brugal; E. Gillespie; J. Brill; C. Christenson; M. F. Rogers; Fred Rogers; M. Creager; S. & C. Hastings; E. Hastings; Julia H. Duffy; M. Creager; H. Finkler; A. Palmatier; F. Bargwell; Jos. Stepmens; A. Wolverton; A. Perrin; Edwin P. Schoenborn; C. Stevens; Grand Rapids & Indiana R. R.; Asa Bullard; L. Schoenborn; Amos Wolverston; Jos. Kluting; Res.; M. & J. Shoemaker; John Schneider; Jos. Schoenborn Est.; Con Schoenborn; C. Gross; A. Pasch; J. Lothschutz; F. Knauf; John Lothschutz; Jos. Fritz; Jos. Lothschutz; Jacob Lothschutz; Chas Gross; Ed. Brown; Peter Miller Est.; Jacob Zahm; Mike Miller; Nick Miller; Jacob Miller; J. Zahn; Albert Brown; Peter Brown; Jos. Zimmer; Geo. Easton; J. E. Locklin; Elon Hillman; Eugene Chevelier; Minnie Hillman; H. Walcott; Spring Hill Farm; E. P. Lawton; Minnie Hillman; Chas. Dunning; S. J. Peterson; Geo. McKay; L. T.; C. S.; Ben Hillman; E. Dillon; M. Fleming; John Powers; E. & J. Collar; J. & K. Farrell; Charles Collar; J. Precious; Pat Lacy; S. D. Covey; B. Houlihan; Jos. Stephens; Chas. Wolverton; H. Essner; M. Houlihan; T. Houlihan; Mrs. P. Brown; P. Brown; B. Loftus; M. Murphy; A. Stark; L. Perrin; Walter Brittian; S. L. Brown; Geo. Knauf; Jacob Finkler; V. Wolverton; Leslie Stark; A. J. Walcott; H. Finkler; Peter Schmuker; John Schwalzier Est.; Thos. Morehead; Fred Rasch Res.; J. F. Dietrich; Jacob Finkler; Frank Dressander; Peter Brown; Wm. Rasch; P. Wissen; Jos. Barnoski; Geo. Rasch; Wm. Rasch; Chas. Horter; E. A. Hambleton; The Maples Farm; Walter O’Brien; W. Sevey; G. Ter Avest; H. Root; J. E. Root; R. Sichterman; D. W. Allen; J. Root; John G. Ter Avest; R. Shire; J. A. Bond; J. Chrithek; Jesse Palmatier; J. M. Burpee; P. Burns Est.; M. Judson; H. Root; J. Cramer; M. E. Myers; Patrick Lacy; H. H. Sevey; M. J. Walz; J. Wright; M. Haunes; C. E. Inman; Thos. Wilde; Clough Fell Farm; T. Lillis Est.; Jas. Farrell; A. M. Hoban; M. Flemming; Cath Lillis; J. Hughes; M. Fallon; T. Wilde; P. Adema; M. Tynan; T. Wilde; H. Tumnor; Anna Mulvihil; Town Hall; Angella Davis; Al. Starks; Ed Starks; Reno; N. Britlan; R. J. Wells; B. Bauman; A. J. & R. G. Wetherbee; E. Fleming; Ed Wright; F. C. Purdy; Herrington; Cem; D. C. Wells; D. Sayers; Saw Mill; O. McClure; Jos. Fritz; S. Sivers; F. Rosegrants; A. G.; P. O. Herrington Est.; W. P. Kelly; L. & C. Zahm; M. Lothschutz; W. & F. Rasoh; A. Dressander; H. F. Klink; A. Dressander; J. Lillibridge; F. Stevens; A. Gillett; J. A. Markham; Dan Hendershott; A. J. Martin; Henry Pylman; Julia; Leland; W. T. Avest; H. Streeter; J. Rodgers; W. Buck; G. Ward; M. Zahm; G. Ter Avest; Truman Lillie; G. D. Carpenter; Louis Slaughter; A. Zahm; F. J. Mohns; School; Grand Rapids Grand Haven & Muskegon Electric; H. Howell; L. Titus; Chet Lawton; Jas. Egan; Siene De Vries; Ann Hoban; P. Loftus; M. Hughes; M. Bresnaham; Thos. Bresnaham; W. Hoban; Wm Dillon; P. Hughes; John Powers; J. & M. Loftus; P. Monaghan; Patrick Burk; Jas. Burk; B. Loftus; B. Hughes; Jas. Mulvihill; Jas. Hughes; Walt Powers; M. & E. Mulvihil; F. Farrall; Jos. Farrell; Church; A. J. Spielmaker; R. Sullivan; J. Gillett; H. F. Martin; E. Wolcott; John Edge; J. Kelly; G. Gillett; J. W. Kelly; E. Edge; O. Carman; J. Melley; W. Dickenson; L. D. Taber; A. J. Miner; T. Weaver; A. J. Clayton; Alva Gillett; Maple Row Farm; C. J. Clayton; Sarah Lillibridge; J. A. Markham; Hy Thomas; Alden Lillibridge; J. Heitman; S. A. Sheldon; J. B. Markham; A. Baronski; H. Gelders; Polkton Twp.; R. Cook; Oakwood Farm; C. W. Lillie; H. Hyma; F. Peck; Locust Ridge Farm; J. M. Park; Maplewood Farm; C. C. Lillie; Geo. Graff; G. Luther; Pleasant View Farm; L. H. Woodworth; Thos. De Vries; D. M. Jaques; Ada Luther; Agnes Shier; Mart Egan; G. Ferguson; L. Ferguson; School; C. C. Lillie; M. Bresnaham; R. Doud; P. H. Pendergast; Thos. Monaghan; Sumner Chittenden; R. Doud; Wm. Garvin; Geo. Farrell; Wm. Walsh; M. Prendergast; Thos. Garter; Peter Danforth; K. O’Hearn; T. O’Hearn; B. Hughes Est.; Fair Grounds; John Bingham; J. O’Hearn; A Wells; W. Zachariu; P. Cole; Berlin; Grand Trunk R. R.; J. C. Salton; H. Gillett; M. Gillett; A. E. Schimmel; A. Thompson; W. L. Norton; Wm. Lilliebridge; C. Markham; J. T. Dayton; O. Macann; T. Lillibridge; Peter Gorter; E. Stevens; Sarah Lillibridge; R. Lillibridge; Wm. Hast; H. Gelders; J. Russell; Mud L.; Wm. Lillibridge; S. Marvin; Wm. Lillibridge; Earl Rowlin; Hugh Ploughman; Jos. Bauman; P. J. Adriance; Isaac Walker; S. & C. Walker; Kent Co.; Tallmadge Twp. Note:

Page  82 Title: Map of the World Keywords: Cape Chelyoshin; North East Cape; St. Thaddeus. Bay; Taimur Bay; Taimur Isl. L. Taimur; Khatanga Bay; Nordwik Bay; Legato R. Rapigaiskoe; Ust Anabarkoe; Olenek; Sakalova; Govriga; Anabara R.; Khota Riv; Khatang R.; Michaelova; Russian Empire; ; Seganka; Krasnoi; Shigansk; Marka R.;Turishshk; Tunguska R.; Siberia; Villiui R.; Olekminsk; Vitimsk; Angara R.; Asain; Yeniseisk; Krasnoiarsk; Bratskoi; Vitim R.; Lake; Baikal; Saiansk Mts.; Bratskoi; Irkutsk; Dzidozilik; Baikal; Chita Ono R.; Picban; Shashai; Pekin; Mukden; Urga; Aroon; Barkul; Jungaria; Selega; Uliassutai; Mongolia; East Turkestan; Chinese Empire; Vulin; Tientsin; Koko L; Tibet; Chingtu; Lassa; Singanfu; Hankau; Hoanaho or Yellow R; Vulin; Yenngan; Tienstin; Taiyuan; Nign; Tsina; Singanfu Nankin; Hankau; Wuchiang; Shanghai; G of Pechili; Pnnakh; Bhomn; India (British); Yunnan; Bhamo; Chiuaging; Mandalay; Tonkin; China; Yangtze R; Changsha; Nanchang; Queiyang; Fuchau; Queling; Canton; Macao(P.OR); Amoy; Formosa Strait; Hongkong(BR); Kwanchauwan(FR); G of Tonkin; Bay of Bengal; Kiangmaio; Rangoon; Siam; Bungkok; G of Martaoan; Mergui; Andaman Is.; Gilf of Siam; FR. INIO Chna; Hue; Cambodia; Hue; China Sea; Kiungehau; Haiman; Manila; Min doro Isl.; Palawan Isl; Baliatong; Nicobar Is.; Acheen; Sungora; Penaug; HOG I.(D); Polo Nias (D); Sumgtra (Dutch); Pen; M. Jacca; Str. of Malacca; Singapore; C. Cambodia; GT. Natunas ISL; Brune; Kuching; Elopora; Borver(BR); Brune; Awarank; Batu Isl (D); Siriu ISL. (Dur); Bencoolen; Sunda Strait; Sunda; Banka ISL.; Borneo (Dutch); Pasin; Batavia; Java Sea; Macassar; Floris Sea; Java; Surabaya; Pasir; (DUT); MALAASIA; SUNDA ISLANDS; Sumbawa ISL. (DUT.); Sandal Wood ISL. (DUT.) ; Indian Ocean; C. Preston; N.W. CAPE; Steep PT. Northampton; Roebourno; Western Australia; Australia; Dongarra; Perth, Williamsburg; Bunbury; C. Leeuwin; Albany; Gulvero; Budo Land; KMOX LAND; WILKE LAND Nordenskjold Sea; Saunikof Land; Bennett ISL.; LIAKEF ISLANDS or NEW Siberia; BIELKOVA ISL.; KOTELNOI ISL.; Bennett ISL.; Faoievsko. ISL.; C. Medvedshu; Maloi ISL.; LIAKOF ISL.; Barkin; Mouths of the Lena river; Borkhays B.; Manic Isl.; O. Sviatoi; Ust Vansk; Kromskaia; Kroma R.; Bulun; Olenek River; Lena River; Arctic; Verkhalansk; Indigirka R.; Yana R.; Sredni Kolynsk; Zashiversk; Verkhoanskoi MTS.; E. Viliuisk; Yakustsk; Taen Arinskaia; Lena R.; Amginskaia; Alskh; Aldan R.; Yunskara; Tauiskaia; Khotsk; Nelkan; Olekma R.; STANOVO; Udskoi; Port Aiane; Shantarski Is.; C. Elaizateth; Sea of Okhostsk; Amur R. ; Blagovestchensk; Manghuria; Khabarovka; Karlar; Mergen; Tsitakar; Sungarri R.; Petuua; Kirin; Ningouta; Langri; SAKHALIN (RUSSIA); PARAMUSHIR IS.; Nikolaievsk; ISL. (Japan); G of Turtery; Le Perouse Strait; Vladivostok; Patience B.; Kunashiri Isl.; Yezo; Sapporo; Port Arthur(Jap. ); Korea; Scoul; Weihaiwan (Br.); Kiaochau (Ger.); Yellow Sea; Nagasaki; Janpan Sea; Korea Strait; Sado Isl.; Kyot; Osaka; Shikoku; Kiushu; Japan; Hondo; Tokyo; Yokohama; Hakodato; Aomori; Sanmun; OSHIMA; Shuri; Riu Kiu Is. (Japan); Formosa (Japan); Channel; Apari; Luzon; Bonin Is. (Japan); Volcano Is.; Manila to HONOLULU; Ladrone Islands(GER); Saypan Guam (U.S.); Samar ISL.; Phillippine Islands (U.S.) Mindanao; Mindanao; Pana; Jolo Sea; Jolo; Hongkong to APIA; Celebes Sea; Gilolo ISl.; Molucca Pass; Palaos is.; VAP; Egoi IS.; Caroline Islands (GER.); Micronesia; Melanesia; Celebes(Dutch); Geram (D.); Boeroe (D.); Banda Sea; Eloris Isl. (D.); (Port.); Admiralty IS. (GER.); (Dutch); Bismarck Arch; New Guinea (Ger.); Aroe IS.; Fred Henry Is.; Arafura Sea; (BR.); Wilbelm Is.; Terros Str.; C. York; Somereset; Gulf of Carpentaria; Timor Isl.; Bathurst Isl.; Cambridge G.; Palmersion; Hebron; Noin; Kings Sound; Broome; Normantown; Northern Territory; Oceania; Cooktown; China Str.; Bowen; Boula; Amadous L.; Queensland; Australia (British); Port Eucla; South Eyre L.; Australia; Great Australian Bight; Kangaroo Isl.; Speneer; Carling R.; New South Wales; Warwick; Prot augusta; Adelaido; Kington; Portland; Victoria; Melbaurne; Bass Strait; Tasmania(British); Hobart; Cape Howe; Furneaux Group; Launceston; Royal Co. Isl.(Brit); Northland; Adelil Land; MIDNIGHT; Henrietta Isl.; Heannette Isl.; Arctic Ocean; Mouths of the Indigirka River; Allaika; Alazaid R.; Bear Is. ; Nijni Kolymsk; C. Medveii; Aiun Isl.; Wrangel Isl.; C. Chelakhsai; C. Yakan; Chaoun R.; Takokagin; Circle; Kolyma R.; Mountains; Ghijign; Penjinsk; Anadirskoi; Anadir R.; Olutorsk; Tamsk; G of Chijinsk; G of Penjinsk; Tigilsk; Kamchatka; ST. Matthew Isl. (U.S.); C. Olutorsk; Karaginsk Isl.; C. Ozernoi; Nijni Kamchatka; Bering Isl. (Rus.); Copper ISL. (Rus.); Kear Is.; G of Kronotski; Boisheretsk; Kurily Strait; Cape Lopatka; Potropavlovsk; RAT Is.; Andreanof; Aleutain Islands (U.S.) ; Kurile Is. (Japan); Yokohama to Port Townsend; Yokohama to San Francisco; North Pacific Ocean; Cure Isl.; Midway Isl.; Lisiansky Is.; Laysan isl.; Garoner Isl.; Birds Isl.; Wake Isl. (U.S.); Tropic of Cancer; Honolulu; International Date Line; Marshall Is. (Ger.); Gilbert Is. (Br.); Howland Isl. (Br.); Palmyra Isl. (BR.); Phoenix Is. (Br.); Solomon Islands; Marcus Isl.; Los Jardines Isl.; Ponap isl.; Greenwich Isl. (Ger); New New Bougainwille (Ger.); Mecklenburg Isl. (Ber); New Britain(Ger.); Choiseol; N. Georgia (Br.); Sapel (Ger.); Malayta (Br.); Polynesia; Guadalcanar; S. Christoval; Lousiade Arch (BR.); Rennell (B.); Espir Tu Santo; Santa Cruz Is. (Br.); Lagoon or Ellice (Br.); Coral Sea; Huon Isl.(FR.); New Hebrides (FR. & Br.); Vanua Levu; Viti Levu; New Caledonia (FR.); Rockhampton; Brisbane; Newcastle; Sydney; Lord Hove Isl. (Br.); Loyalty Is.; Norfolk Isl. (Br.); North Cape; North Island; Auckland; New Plymouth; Nelson; Hokitika; Christchurch; Napier; East Cape; Wellington; New Zealand (BRI.); South Island; Cape Providence; Stewart Isl.; Dunedin; Invercargill; Auckland Isl. (Brit.); Campbell Isl. (Brit.); Macquarie Isl. (Brit.); Emerald Isl. (Brit.); Monday; Sunday; Victoria Land; Herald Isl.; Point Barrow; Icy Cape; C. Lisburne; Initkilly; PT. Hope; Smith Bay; C. Halket; Colville R.; Ft. Morton; Kotzebue Sound; Bering Strait; Alaska (United States); Gulf of Anadia; C. Chukotski; St. Lawrence Isl.(U.S.); C. Navarin; C. Romanzof Nelson Isl.; St. Michael; Norton Sd.; C. Pr of Wales; Nome; Koukuk; Yukon R; Anvik; Kuskoquir R.; Nuklukayet; Tanana R.; Mr. Wrangel; Konai; Bering Sea; Pribilof Is. (U.S.); Nunivak Isl.; Kuskoauin B.; c. Nevenham; Dutch Harber; Umak ISl.; Hiawna L.; Ft. Alexander; Bristol B.; Alaska pen; Unimak. Isl.; Shumagin Is.; Trinity Is.; Kadiak Isl.; Gulf of Alaska; Afognak Isl.; Ounalaska Isl.; Hawaii (U.S.) Kaua Isl.; Maul Isl.; Hawai Isl.; Washington Isl. (BR.); Fanning Isl. (Br.); Christmas Isl. (Br.); Jarvis Isl. (Brit.); Manihiki Group (BR.); Union of Tokelau Is. (Br.); UEA (Fr. ); Samoa Is.; Tutuila (U.S.); Upolu Isl. (Ger.); Fiji Is.(BR.); Savage Isl. (Br.); Tropic of Capricorn; Tonga Is. (BR.); Socirety IS. (Fr.); Cook o Hervey Is. (BR.); Austral Is. Kermadec Is.(Br.); Wellington to Valparaiso; Pacific Ocean; Chatham Isl. (Brit.); Melbourne to Liverpool; Bounty Is. (Brit.); Antipoder or Greenwich Is. (Brit.); Antarctic; Antarctic Ocean; Prince Patrick Isl.; Lando End; Eglinton Isl.; Mc. Clure Strait; C. Prince Albert; Beaufort Sea; Banks Land; O. Kellett Melson Head; Martin Pt.; Mackeazie Bay; Nigalek; Franklin B.; Cape Bathurst; Cape Dalhouse; Prince Albert sound; Dolphin & Union Str.; Peavy; Porcupine; Yukon; Circle; ragle; Dawson; Ft. Good Hope; Porcupone R.; Ft. McPherson; Old Ft. Good Hope; Mackenzie; Ft. Norman; Donimo; Ft. Selkirk; Mt. Logan; Orca; Mt. St. Ellds; Ft. Singson; Ft. Frances; Lackenzie R.; Ft. France; Ft. Rae; Yakutat; Dyea; Chichagof Isl; Sitka; Baranof Isl.; Ft. Halkett; Juneau; Ft. St. John; Ft. Vrangel; Dixon Entrance; Pr. Of Wales Is.; Jackson; Lit Slavo; Hearte Srait; Vancouver Isl.; Queenstown; Cascade; Westinster; Victoria; Seattle; dominion of Canada; North America; Olumpia; Tacoma; Columbin Riv.; Portland; Salem; Eureka; C. Mendocino; Great salt Lake; Range; Sacramento; San Francisco; San Jose; San Luis Obtspo; Pt. Concepthon; Los Angeles; San Diego; Pt. Eugenia; Guadalup Isl.; Revillagigedo Is.; Honolulu To Nicaragua; Equator; Honolulu to New York; Marquesas Is. (FR.); Tuamotu; Archipelago (FR.); Tahití (FR.); Gambier Is.(FR.); Tubuai Isl. (FR.); Pitcairn Isl. (Br.); Apia to Punta Arenas; South Pacific Ocean; Antarctic circle; Parry Islands, Morix; Crinneel Isl.; Mclville Isl.; Melritte sound; Batriore; Byam Isl.; Burrow Strait; Prince; Joe; Wales Isl.; McClintock Channel; PR. Albert; Minto Inlet Land; Victoria Land; Wollaston Land; Victoria Str.; Coronation; Great Bear Lake; L. Belly; L. Garry; Clinton Doabaan L.; Fathky L.; Galdsw L.; Weat Slave L.; Ft. Resolution Islands; Ft. Liard; Ft. Chippewayan; L Athabasca; Reindeer L.; Fort Churchill; Indian L. Vondabacy; Laird R.; Peace R.; Dunvegan L.; Edmonton; Saskateheuan; Battleford; Calgary; Pr. Albert; Spokane; Buttee; Snake Riv. Boise; Helena; Deadwood; MTS; Laranne; Ogden; Manitona; Regina; Winnine; Fago; Mississippi; Oheyenne; Omaha; Pierrs; Bismarn; United States; Salt Lake City; Carson; Pioche; Erosno; Oblspo; Pheonix; Santa Fe; Duran; Lead V; Denver; Public; Lincoln; Topok; Trintdad; Guihr; Hermosillo; Guaymas; El. Baso; Dallas; Austin; Lower California; G of California; Guaymas; Sal Hill; Chinuahua; Rio Grande; Autumn; Mexico; Montery; La Paz; C. San Lucas; Mazatlán Tala; San Blas; C. Corrientes; Socorro Isl.; Manzanillo; Mexico; Popooatepeti Vol.;Prudnoe Land; Hayes; PT. Foulke; Kane Basin; Baque Isl.; Sound; Smith sound; Smere; Lapld; Inglefield Gulf; Pennisula; C. Parry; Clarence Head; C. York; Wolstenholme; Sound; North Mecoen; Sound; Cobourg Isl.; Devon; Melville Bay; Baffin Bay; Sound; C. Liverpool; Bylot Isl.; Ponds Inlet; C. Bowen; C. Shackleton; Upernavik;C. Adair; Scott Inlet; Omenak Fiord; C. Kater; Baffin Land;O. Wison; Fax Channel; Cumberland Sound; C. Mercy; C. Dyer; Hall Isl.; Frobisher Bay; Hudson Stract; C. Wolbtenolve; Resolution Isl.; C. Chidley; Raina; Unaava Bay; Mobquito Bay; Labrador (Dep of New Poundland); Ft. Chimo; Matland; Ft. George; James; Bay; Clear water Lank; Melville; Mingan; Moose Factor; Quebec; Ste. Marie; Ottawa; Toronto; Buttain; Albany; Portland; Aagusta; Montreal Fredericton; St. Lawerance R.; Anti Co St. ; Funday B; Halifax; Golf of Lawrebce; Pr. Edward; Concord; Boston; C. Sable; Haetford; Providence; NewPort; Buffale; Haveland; Tranton; Nova Scotia;Long Island; New York; Philadelphia; Delaware Bay; Chesapeake Bay; C. Hatteras; Wilmington; Raleigh; Norfolk; Columbia; Charleston; Bermuda Is.(BR.); Jacksonville; New York to Liverpool; New York to Gibraltar; Bathama Is.;(BRIT.); San Salvador; West Tropic; Nassel; Port au Prince; Santo Domingo; Santo Domingo; San Juan; Porto Roco (U.S); S. Croix (BR.); Barbuda (BR.); Antiguaib; Hait; Amaiga (Br.); Mingstou Antiels; Caribbean Sea; PT. Gallinas; Maracaibo; Cartagena; Colon; G. of Maracaibo; Curacao Isl.(DUT.); Guadeloupe (Fr.); Dominica (BR.); Marjinique (Fr.); S. Luna (Br.); Barbados (Br.); Grenada (Br); Trinidad(BR.); Caraca; Venezuela; Mompox; Bogota; Colombia; Tallma; Topavan; Ghimborazo Vol.; Ecuador; Rio Nogro; Manaos; Amazon; Loja; Jurua R.; Rurus; Tirol; Villa Bella; Cuzco; Brillo; Huaraz; Lima; South America; Peru; Andes Mountains; Ica; Trindad; Sorata; Brazil; Bolivia; L. Titicaca; Arequipa; Sucre; Iquique; Cobijab; Antofagasta; Mt. Liullaillico; St. Ambrose Is;. (Chile) ; Chile; Potosi; Tarija; Salta; Asuncion; Tucuman; La. Rioja; Copiapo; La. Serena; San Juan; Cordoba; San Luis; Rosario; Buenos Aires; La Plata; Argentina; Valparaiso; Santiago; Curico; Bahia Blanca; Concepcion; Lebu; Veldivie; Blanca; Viedma; Gulf of San Manties; Chiloe Isl.; Chinos; Rawson; Bay of St. George; Port Deseado; Archjipelago; TayTao Pen.; Gton Isl.; Port Deseado; Santa Cruz; Strait of Magellan; De Dios; Magellan; S Inez Isl.; Tierra Del Fuego; Staten Isl.; Cape Horn; Hoste Isl.; Elephant Isl.; South Shetland Is.; Liveringston Isl; Smith Isl.; Bransfield Strait; Trinit Land Palmer Land; Granhamland; Adelande Isl.; Emp. Alexander Land; c. Walker; Greenland (Denmark); Peterman Pk.; Scoresby Land; Jameson Land; Disco Isl.; Godhavn; Disco B; Davis; Christians Haab; Holsteinberg; Christian Ix Land; Scele Land; Mt. Rigby; Horror Bay; Godthaab; Denmark Strait; Kjoge Bay; Brede Fiord; Faxa Fiord; C. Juel; Lichtenfela; Davis Strait; Frederikshaab; Cape Bille; Ivigtut; Cape Discord; Julianshaar; Cape Farewell; Hamilton Inlot; C. Charles; Belle Isl.; Cape Bauld; Newfoundland (Br.); St. Johns; St. Pierre (Fr.); Cape Breton Isl.; North Atlantic Ocean;; flores Azores Is.(Por.); Tropic of Cancer; Indies Lesser Antilles; Cape Verde Is. (Port.); New York to Cape Town; Orinoco R.; Georgetown; Paramaribo; Cayenee; C. Orange; Mouth of the Amazon R.; Brit.; Guiana(Dut)(Fr); Villa Nova; Santarem; Para; Marajo Isl.; Para R.; St. Louiz de Maranhao; Parnahiba; Ceara; Fernando; Noronia; Natal; Para R.; Theresina; Pernan; Aracaju; Bahia; Barra; Palma; Cuyaba; Carolina; Goyaz; Tocantins R.; Rapajos R.; R Xingu; Porto Segure; Caravellas; Victoria; Rio de Jane; St. Paulo; Tropic; Ouro Preto; Tiete R.; Cuirtiba; Diamantina; Parana R.; Paraguay; Itajahy; Desterro; Corrientes; Porto Alegre; Rio Grande do Sul; Montevideo; Plata R.; Uruguai; Corrientes; c. Gorrientes; Valparaiso to New York; Falkland Sound; Falkland Isl. (Brit.); Stanley; South Georgia (Br.); Coronation Isl.; Clarence Isl.; King George Isl.; Joinville Isl.; Louis Philippe Land; South Orkney Is.; Laurie Isl.; Edak Land; King William land; C. Bismarck; Koldeway Isl.; Shannon Isl.; Gael hamkes Bay; Francis Joseph Fiord; Bontekoe Isl.; C. Parry; Ocean; Greenland; Davy sound; Liverpool Isl.; Scoresby Sound; C. Brewster; Knighton Inlet; Han Mayen Isl.; Nord C.; Iceland(Den.); Artic; Langanaes; Roykjavlk; Faroe Is.(Den); Shetland Is.; Orkney Is.; British Isles; Hebrideges; Stavanger; C. Lindesnaes; Scotland; Dendee; North Sea; Glasgow; Belfast; Edinburg; Newcast; Ireland; Dublin; Cork; St. George’s Channel; London; England; Liverpool; Hull; Portsmouth; English Channel; Bay of Biscay; Nantes; Orleans; Paris; Brussels; Bordeaux; Toulouse; C. Finisterre; Andorra; Saragossa; Spain; Madrid; Seville; Lisbon; Portugal; Oporto; Terceira; S. Miguel; S. Maria; C. St. Vincent; Str. Of Gibraltar; Madeira Isl. (POR.); El Arish; Mekinez; Morocco; Mogador; Gibraltar (Br.); Morocco; Tangier; Fez.; Canary Is. (Sp.); Palma; Ferro; Cape Blanco; Zemur; Rio Deoro (Sp.); vacan; Tatta; El Abbas; Sahara Desert; St. Louis; C. Verde; Cambia (Br.); Bathurst (Br.); Bissagos Is. (Port.); Guinea (Pt.); Guinea(Fr.); Senegal; Sierra; Segu Sikoro; Medina; Senegal R.; Timbuktu; Africa; Arawan; French Sudan; Niger R.; Freetown; Monrovia; Equator; C. Palmas; Bingerville; Akkra (Br.);Loeone (Br.); Coemassie; Guinea; Ilnyus; Whydah; gulf of Guinea; (Sp.) Fernando Po.; (Por.) Prince I.; (Por.) St. Thomas I.; (SP.) Annobon I.; Ascension Isl. (Br.); Liverpool to Melbourne; ST. Helena Isl. (Brit.); Pernambuco to Cap town; Tranida Is. (Brazil); Tropic of Capricorn; South Atlantic Ocean; Inaccessible Isl.; Tristan Da Cunma Isl.; Nightingale Isl. (Brit.); Gough Isl. (Br.); Lindbay Isl.; Sandwich Group; Antarctic; Antarctic Ocean; Amsterdam Isl.; King B.; North East; Land; Olga; Prince Charles Foreland; Ice Fiord; Bell Sound; Horn Sound; Spitzbergen; Barents Isl.; Edge Isl.; Wybe Janes; Thousand Is.; Hope Isl.; Bear Isl.; Greenland Sea; North Cape; Hamnerfest; Tromsoe; Lofoden Is.; Karva; Torned R.; West fiord; Circle; Sweden; Norway; Apland; Pitea; Tornea; Uleaborg; Kniaja; Trondhjem; Christiania; Gefle; Umea; Gulf of Bothnia; Wasa; Finland; Kuopro; Viborg;Stockholin; Skagorrack; Denmark; Copenhagem; Gottenborg; Baltic Sea; Vilna; G, of Finland; Reval; Osel Isl.; Riga; Duna R.; Hamburg; The Hague; Berlin; Netherlands; Belgium; Frankfort; Leipsie; Luxemburg; Danzig; Konigsberg; Warsaw; Leinberg; Dresden; Warsaw; Germany; Europe; Austria; Dnieper R.; Berditchef; Vienna; Danube; Munich; Berne; France; Lyon; Marseille; Monaca; Corsica; San Marino; Italy; Switzerland; Venice; Genoa; Milan; Danube R.; Vienna; Budapest; Hungary; Belgrade; Monte Negro; Alliatic; Trieste; Servia bulgaria; Roumania; Sophia; Jassy; Odessa; Bukharest; Philippopelis; Rome; Barcelona; Sardinia; Balearic; Mediterranean; Naples; Messina; Palermo; Oran; Algiers; Algeria; Tunis; G. of Cabes; Tripoli; Greece; Athens; Sicily; Malta(Br.); Crete (TY.); Smyrna Adalin; Allriatic Sea; Turkey; G. of Benghaz; Sidra; Ghadanies; Tripoli (Turkey); El Golea; Wargla; Rhat; Murzuk; Fezzan; Alexandria; Cairo; Siout; Egypt; Mediterranean Sea; Pt. Said; Siout; Esneh; Libyan; Assouan; Dessert; New Dongola; El Fasher; Warn; L. Tohad; Sudan; Kharturn; Northern Nigeria (Br.); Yakoba; Massenia; Dahomey(Fr.); Togo; Lagos; Nigeria(Br.); Kamerun (Ger.); El. Obeid; Sobai; Ladoi; Lagos; Asaba; Kamerun; Mobangi R.; Congo; Wadelai; Stanley Falls; French Kongo; Leopold Ville; Lopez; Banana; Boma; Loanda; Kabango; S. Salvador; Eanatorville; Kongo; Nyangwe; Ind State; Tankanyika; L. Moero; Kagek; Port. West Africa; Ger. S.W.; Benguela; Mossamede; C. Frio; Sionia; D. Bangweola; Walfisch Bay(Br.); Rhodes; Zambezi; Salisbury; Palapye; Limpop; Buluway; Beghuana; Pretoria; Trans; Vaai; Angra Pequena; Orange R.; Port Nolloth; Cape Town; Johannesburg; Bloemfontein; Orange Riv.; Kimberley; Care Colony (British); East London; Port Elizabeth; Georgetown; C. Agulhas; Cape of Good Hope; Thompson Isl.; Bouvet Isl.(Brit.); Antarctic Circle; Wiches or King Charles Land; Northbrook Isl.; Hooker Isl.; Salm Isl.; Barents Sea; Great Ice Cape; Cape Lutke; Admirality Pen; Goose Bay; Nova Zembla;Vardoehuus Waranger Fiord; Strait of Kara;Kolsuev Isl.; Kola; C. Kanin; Petchora Bay; Barzuga; Gulf of Cheskoi; Pustosenak; Mezen; White Sea; Kem; Archangel; Onega; Mezen R.; Petehara R.; Dwina R.; L. Onega; L. Landoga; St. Petersburg; Novgoroad; Vologda Viatka; Ural Mts; Russian Empire; Volga R.; Nigni Novogorod; Kazan; Kama R.; Perm; Ufa; Simbrisk; Moscow; Kaluga; Russia; Kursk; Saratof; Don R.; Kief; Kharkof; Taganrog; Odessa; Volga R.; Orenburg; Guriev; Astrakhan; Sea of Azof; Caucasus Mts.; Black Sea; Constantinople; Angora; Brusa; Trebizohd; Erzerum; Baku; Batum; Stavropol; Caspian Sea; Kungrad; Turkey; Krasnovod; Konieh; Cryrus I.(Br.); Yafa; Jerusalem; Aleppo; Tripoli; Damascus; Bagdad; Basra; Digris R; Tabriz; Rasht; Sehna; Teheran; Meshed; Khaf; Ispahan; Yezd; Neh; Aska; Persia; Sitez; Leina; Hail; Medina; Red Sea; Korosko; Mekka; Riad; Yembo; Medina; Arabia; Oman; Shiraz; Bam; Bushire; Persian Gulf; Lar; Jask; G of Omen; Muskat; Suakind; Coomfidah; Massaua; Suna; Adoh(Br.); G of Aden; Makallan; Kamar B.; Kuria; Socotra (BRIT.); C. Guardafui; Ras Hafun; Arabian Sea; Berber; Gondar; Eritrea (IT.); Gondar; Berbera (Br.); Fr.; Nile; Blue Nile; Adis Aboba; Abyssinia; Somaliland; Italy Somali; Mukhdish; Brava; Br. East Africa; Rudolf L.; Victoria; Nyanza; Mt. Kenia; German East Africa; Tabora; Kitimanjar; Kismayu; Witu; Mombasa; Pemba I. (Br.); Zanzibar (Br.); Bagamoyo; Quiloa; Aldabra Is.; Amirante Is. (Br.); Seychelles (Br.);Farquhar Is.; C. Amber; Comoro Is.; C. Delgado; Mozambique; Tamatave; Tananarivo; Indian Ocean; Rovima R.; Port. East Africa; Chinde; Quilimane; Nyassa; Zomba; Tete; Madagascar (French); Sofala; Delagoa B.; Mozambique Channel; Mauritius Isl. (Br.); Reunion (Fr.); Lourenco Marquez; Pietermaritzburg; Durban; Port Nata; Islands; Cape Town To Melbourne; Pr. Edward Isl.; Marion (Brit.); Crozet Is.(Brit.); Enderey Land; Lonely Isl; Cape Mauritiub; Barents Ld.; Kara Sea; C. Fern; Rechesnoi Is.; Gulf of Yenisei; White Isl.; Piasina R.; Matochkin Strait; Gulf of Ob; Swerevo; Aigach Isl.; Kara B.; Mura; Obdorsk; Dudinsk; Yenisei R.; Taz R.; Turukhansk; Kazimsk; Nadym R.; Berezof; Siberia; Ob River; Surgut; Tobolsk; Narim; Bakhtinsk; Tarda R.; Ekaterinburg; Petropaulovsk; Omisk; L. Chany; Tomsk; Tobol R.; Ishim; Akmolinsk; Irtisk R.; Semipalatinsk; Irsk; Asia; Sergiopol; Zaisan L.; Kuldja; Turgai; Kasalinsk; Sir Daria R.; Aral Sea; Balkash Lake; Choo R.; Ri R.; Kuldja Mts.; Thian Shan; Tarim R.; Tashkend; Amu R.; Turkestan; Bokhara; Faizabad; Heart; Ghanistan; Kabui; Serinogen; Chinese Empire; Khotan; Kashgar; Afghanistan; Kandahar; Indus R.; Lahore; Simlo; Deli; Agra; Kelat; Baluchistan; Bela; Nepal; Himalaya Mts.; Mt. Euerest; Khatmando; Ganges; India (BRITISH); Hardarabad; Patna; Ganges; Galentta; Nagpore; Yanaon; Daman; G of Cutch; C. Elhadd; Moseirah Isl.; G of Cambay; Bombay Haidarabad (Fr.); Bay of Bengal; Masulipatam; Madras; Biombay; New Goa (PT.); Muria Is. (Brit.)’Mahe (Fr. ); Laccadive Is.; Puducheri (Fr.); Karikal (Fr.);Comorin; Colombo; Maldive Is.(Brit.); Ceylon Isl. (Brit.); Chagos Is.; Cargados Carayos Isl.; Mascarene; Rodriguez (Br.); New Amsterdam; St. Paul (Fr.); Kerguelen (Fr.);McDonald (Brit.); Heard; Kemp Land; Note:

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Jo. - rc~Wý5( vTZFPrc IwwZia 9.nox jI6ed onCL Doug-las 45 CC 24C72 Nj ster pr4 all.LJ.L - t I. 44 m lb I F N ekr n I - Res*' It's;, t A 70C7-046~s I * rtrnpi.ht I SO. - ASrJCOS. -.- - -.Frei-Yrna-n /scrcrc * cot.?4tQn * Li ~10. 010 '0 ASYA 31 I I 7% Le 'A- - Al o? F I 2 jl'ýoo2'0 f1-40 Bern arArAS. 'r~ PrinelFo v --7...' & f 7y 72cc1ne o ZI z Vlt\ xxx v T, -. I ill C or ZKC. 19 - 4:1%-I 4J Jo /272 t12 I *> N urw N - - - - - -.1-rN-, 11-' - - 4..~~ 25 JI~LZ.. - _ ___.c0. 20.5 *It5y -A-7 rrsa" eg co A Pnoc 5FredA9as49, ~ ii ~ ~a~i2Ie06!.1 1'yp O~ 0759.IZE k rag,2. c. 0 lan S~ t~ c&r-n ~~< ac'/~ C/ cc.~~7 NP S rza an b ~ 9ktt.o /a 0ria0 tC.Io 'aIc. iZa%. c az~a zo a ~&06 Dat I K. P P P A 4! 2IICiJWF?4 HtG0 -0 LE. INAtic 2 1&.%J% C 20.~ q.)'3270.!Jar o uowshp 6 ad Xrt,2age/aWet0n!Jar f ~wnhp orh v2nes1 eto h!~eia tRida 00 a2/ce ~ a'c Ao.~93F N I I I I I Title: Map of Tallmadge Township 6 N; 7 N 13 W; 14 W Keywords: Polkton Twp.; Wright Twp.; D. Krame; Herm Stroven; Henry Harmsen; Res.; H. Harmsen; B. Nanninga; Little Deer Cr.; Herm Handlogten; J. W. & W. M. Park; H. G. Siekman; John Strover; Maple Farm; Burt Hatch; W. Nanninga; J. H. Smoos; Gerrit Handlogten; Ed. Sherwood; Jacob Phillips; R. F. D.; C. C. Lillie; C. Kuyers; C. M. Goodenow; Farmstead Farm; Jacob Phillips; N. Yost; Jacob Phillips; Richard Van Portleit; Louis Burrell; Cloverdale Farm; Wm Pike; R. Burrell; S. Sheir; Martin Doud; Willis Doud; B. S. Maurer; Wm. Riemersma; C. & W. Goodenow; Elmhurst Farm; C. M. Goodenow; R. Koaistra; Phil Hughes; Wm. Walsh; John Molloy; M. Prendergast; John Dean; Chas. Woodman; John Walsh; Wm. Walsh; C. F. Woodman; Sam’l Roach; Cem.; John Dean; A. S. Hawley; Elm Torraco Stock Farm; T. M. Knight; M. Hines; R. Cheeney; F. O’Hearn; John Molloy; James Egan; N. Fuller; Frank Dickerson; Wm. Maynard; Wm. Nash; Jos. Bauman; J. Perrin; P. Andriance; M. R. R.; Walker Bros.; A. L. Dohn; J & M Hearn; G. R. G. H. & M. Elec Ry.; Frank O’Hearn; G. W. Reeves; A. Peterson; D. Fuller; C. A. Munger; Sunny Side Farm; Helen Champion; Polkton Twp.; K. Nanninga; C. Naninga; Toney Steele; E. V.; I. Dornbus; H. Langland; Gertrude Williams; B. Coe; L. M. Boltwood Est.; O. F. Fuller; Mrs. T. Scanlon; Geo. C. Nichols; Lamont; J. Zuidervelt; N. S. A.; C. Dykstra; D. Terpstra; Modderman; T. Modderman; C. M. Goodenow; B. Harmsen; Res.; R & P Post; Wm. Riemersma; Frank Goodenow; Thorncrest Farm; F. Goodenow; F. Fruer; Peter Malone; T. Fryer; Frank Hodges; Thos. Fryer; James Egan; Evergreen Farm; P. Struik; Peter Terpstra; Nick Terpstra; Paul Nauta; N. Fuller; F. Neihouse; Jas. Carey; L. P. Peterson; W. Thomas; Jasper Miller; Jas. Carey; R. Dickerson; Elias Ballard; N. H. Dean; R. H. Dickerson; Chas. Millard; King Bros.; John Elbers; F. Anderson; W. Wheeler; G. W. Reeves; Helen Champion; Wm. Evans Est.; H. L. Dickerson; E. J. Courtright; Martin Whalen; D. O’Neil; Douglas Brown; S. Hurst; Alf Perrin; J. Osterwick; Allendale Twp.; Grand River; Geo. C. Nichols; M. M. Meindertsma; J. Scanlon; F. Oelker; D. Angel; Otto Kuster; Peter Malone; Herm Oelker; Theo Scanlon; Chas. Beekema; Frank Mickam; Peter Malone; John Leiffer; W. S. Root; Theo. Scanlon; Jas. P. C. Wagemak; C. Chapel; Isaac Cross; Malcolm Mickam; A. Heilman; Frank Frodl; Cooper Bros.; A. V. Carlson; P. Nauto; F. Cross; J. Cross; Fred Schumann; A. & E. Heilman; Isaac Cross; W. S. Root; Church; Grange Hall; G. Heilman; Ed. Tompson; Town Hall; L. Cross; Jas. Ellis; G. Root; E. Wicks; F. Carlson; King Bros; W. Millo; C. Bronner; I. Bronner; E. Monroe; Mat. Monroe; Wm. Voss; F. T. White; King Bros.; C. W. Osterman; John Zinger Est.; F. T. White; Wm. Voss; Mrs. Bankins; R. & R. Bronkema; L. Kimball; Bernard R. Friar; The Prairie Farm; M. Luckaart; R. Bronkema; Richard Bronkema; Patrick Crowley; R. H. Pelton; A. Wright; Jos. Nichols; M. Nichols; M. Tillison; Wm. Stoddard; C. Kishman; Mart Marcusse; Clarence Dudley; Vander Veen Bros.; Herm Holzhay; I. Sidler; G. Rosema; E. W. Smith; Maple Shade Farm; E. M. Russett, est.; Res.; Celia Alford; I. Cross; C. Chapel; Luther Morse; Hiram Burch; E. Cary; Cooper Bros.; Jacob Aman; M. M. & M. S. Smith; R. &R. Bronkema; S. Snip; W. S. Root; R. Vidro; L. Morse; F. T. White; Geo. White; Fred E. Rapp; Cook Estate; Old Orchard Farm; J. S. Masterson; H. B. Delaney; Thos. Quinlan; G. A. Cook; M. Connell; Jerry Crowley; Lewis De Leeuw; Margaret Delaney; Elizabeth Friar; W. Barnelle; Abbie Cornell; Wm. Cornell; Mart Hart; Andrew Friz; Ed. Johnson; T. Gorski; W. Thum; Peter Mais; Ella L. Pangborn; John Lauterbach; A. Vanderhaald; Jos. White; Al. Hutchinson; A. Sietler; G. Haga; Catherine Murrey; C. Golden; O. N. Watson; Geo. Hall; David Tripp; J. C. Kennedy; Chas. Roberts; M. Hose; Little Sand Cr.; A. L. Bennett; Jos. Olark; David Tripp; Stanley Kwiatkowski; Henry Roberts; Dr. Nellis; C. Hedges; A. Patterson; Wm. Clark; S. Kurok; Mary Herrick; Mary Masterson Est.; Alicia Delaney; L. Rozzaico; Michael Gavin; Ella Reardon; A. Heyboer; Herm Alderink; Mills & Warren; John O’Connell; Wm. O’Leary; Stafford Lae; Wm. Sund; Lawrence Goodale; Georgetown Twp.; Martin Hart; D. Vander Ploeg; M. Bont; D. Engelma; F. S. Baldwin; Val. Skula; Cath Torle; Cem.; C. F. Church Est.; Frank Gork; A. Sietler; A. Gzyrinanowicz; Martin Bronbesk; Ed. Robertson; F. Zawadzki; Gus. Frinske; Stanley Kwiatkowski; F. S. Baldwin; Edward Nicholi; John Strawhacker; Dennis Kinsella, est.; John Strander; Wm. Connally; Thomas Graham; J. Kuifer; C. Bowman; J. De Karn; Lawrence Goodale; L. Robberts; G. Riddering; J. Keuvelaar; Fenness L; W. A. Quigley; W. L. Roberts; Roberta Farm; John McMahon; Eph Pelton; Mrs. Nellie; J. Moelker; Imogene Chappel; Milford Fitch; John Huntly; Wm. L. Roberts; Adrian Heyboer; Doyle Bros.; P. Koopman; C. & G. Engelsma; Wm. Snyder; Kent Co. Note:

Page  84

Page  85 No 4r 1. - - - - -. - * CPflRC7PTfl ** 85 40 I.3 3 i 3 3 3 3.3 3 Z7Bchtlg zwee2 Ee]Reiste" CS kfrn. Fr-ed Her4nan~q,,,o 5wZi86ad ot?ane12~~ ft erNoSchon chonrShonfwcdwrhp nd7Mr ~ '0 wcaZ ci'j wald F? r --.7ohnTIEr I qO OD CF.-~ a $ ~ S t ~~ e o - 616'. S 74t 3 A 5v3?9Oý al z hcza COnrf wontJ~'mnC aHb h-~ K rn j~~~3c ~.~" ee omnmn tbP'4 is li-ipe0y7-]kfqew 'rW.o P/ aWacenc00Zcz 0 0 ' C)uAll __ 93 gig 0 2tt Co - ZZ tn P- N 22 l 6 r~v er If Ll L z 2 9 0) ~ ~ 4 'cn#i I~Ehl?~ce A RV. - ___11-i Po4 Q) c Keel? 3 I. in~e-'o in' s) ____be~ q oso Zed Z2 i~~ 2Z c ~ - Coo sis Thinne a-Choo0 G, 0vWo Zs30-T ' -A. LC IZ c OP? Y2 Wen q020z Z0 R sZbe~, c ~ ~ ~ Q 4 ~ N4 0 ar4'g7-20719 Q CD rtnwerma7r 0 elRelterocejpratez-Nos- H. 0IN~ m s "0 1?Ho neIrrZ sLWa(; -e 15'tds ell. Yoo-" teenIeb eniH-0 Qatq' e J I ~ 0a0.1 so1 czn 90,j090 n 1e.(02 9rmr I Jo I 9 ~ _ __ ___ -0 ___ flt9U ~, 9 c~ia~ ok ~ voj0 34 Q)___ _ _ r N r 03 c Q) "0 inches to 1 mile oe S~ifihigan Siteridian B OKeen - 0 Q) OCi -wr 0r ZOVH Vie-Dove sfoluse / 44 o~i r I - K: a a I~S!ter, CO) N > P N 1-I Kný w )s. l 0 ~ [0ato-USc Co Aa - CT 77Is~ ~ te~ 5c~ -1X~an~~i 5 ~Qqp - - 0e~gnJl,~ at)* cecjh 0-0 ~ 0 ~' 0-0 0-0; ~ ~0-'q ~Sci et 72IrNsa28;1:012w.nq... IaMOM Tell Otten b' cc j20'--0 so rahn7.1VS00 Q Og H' __. WIf Gerrit ert - a as: 'vT I ' 0 T IN'fs -V5-6 P IC) &4~ctJO~ %0~0O.9r) t/ ~ N O CTO ou4) 0-0 c * uZz enqaC' 41 tJo bf7 2 en~a 7-(-D 30 eno;:srQ) IQ C 73Cr Decltr a c~iol C 41P 4p 10 72 o PC z ph i.71J ISO. 'Ii ~Lffoe7P~5ehj I t, I 4, lip f 4t 0 0' "ij1 0' is ZI - to) Is 0) rq "i CoO) Q/ o '-o - j 1 2 ml.0-0 TWiny El7rhras r 0 oVan2*2At 2rcn7 17-fpD. 50 cO 5-72? I mi;=--==;Wee h~~ __ _ ~ Ii I t zk0 if- a:. 7 T77n-38 M trfer rNsj %arna-. *CCn V.J * cc sBoZ dtf 110 BH ec crA. rCreen72 9crncb~~ or Ku -,r- 4,jr- -:;w W LOOP, ef " UP I N I I ocr2Dej'*eqretjS.Ig7rrEZZ* ~~i Goj 0C~ gt i I. m I. 9A1Z. 6ch2 ui - i-i. 9Om H. LX INC71To 27 e7282720 s It e n sr1 n "000, W-z-n Bee 2t-4 cfcz in e ss eccztzzr A 0) 0) k 0) P4 Ob 0 a -Y.! ~ cb a\ SrC 7290 L74j0, )50 0 evO* im-l i I 4ýý -r *Bert 60 Diz:rlr r-2tinZ: 7 1oo -r JTo 77 n2 f/side1 DeeQ 4-r -. I:hoo 0 - I I so H. H89$r1 b~rj Q) LVp-- i I- E-"-Z-- -r- 1-: a I Ar oil. I I --J- I - - I Ha r Daanreme-"eT SSo5 22tppl 0 0o 9.o It W"r I Cohn s e n h c lreisenha4, - Iob 0 ID 0 F I -% -_I; I lu mn*4 **LA =.t= I - =d= IV RR 9 30.4 - I * im. IXoas zC dTos. Cr ie S z 20 'Fr an72 runc7 /-e Z-e 0 -t-c o 7 -7'2nor 0qo-a -'S P4 -N a 01 N is 0)j (leo. 24 -Vc-z-nA il-ten7 Ph os. Ca hullz I va URN i ek F Z77H rqi bc c -.T.? 022n. zson VI) aa, Co a 01 a, hfzo 6'' feria 3 I4 I -D 5 -& S I rill 7a,%&X)Ij i I I - I.d-OP-F-.1 ilu - - - -- I. E [L.U:_iT~K4Wt/6%YAA m&w "WJ3EI7J~ --;:--,-- -, -- -- - ~- ~- - ---It Title: Map of Georgetown Township 6 N; 7 N 13 W Keywords: Allendale Twp.; S. Lagers; Aug. Schilling; Jos. Lorimer; Frank Sweet; Fred Reister; Chas. Hubert; S. W. Roberts; Chas. Schilling; Wm. Schilling; Wm. Schonwald; Fred Schonwald; John Boss; D. Heilman; G. Schutz; J. R. Pixley; Mrs. E. C. Christler; Wm. Schonwald; Herman Schonwald; Grand River; John Kuipers; Frank Christler; G. M. Hubbard; Tallmadge Twp.; James Durkee; Wm. Wadsworth; E. C. Conklin; E. R. Ulberg; Thomas Engel; W. E. Combs; Abraham Brandt; Fred Christler; M. Barton; Chas. Pointz; W. P. Myers; Dent Taylor; Henry Taylor; Frank Roberts; G. W. Lowing; Peter Ulberg; Peter Bouma; Phoebe Ulberg Est.; Frank Smith; Fred Smith; Wm. Ulberg; John Taylor; D. Taylor; Jas. Wilson Est.; H. Wagner; M. L. Hubbard Est.; C. Boss; C. & H. Lowing; Albert Lowing; Jennie Wagenaar; Peter Voss; Boers Bros.; Henry Ohlman; Hy. Koodsma; John Meinke; A. McDanour; Wm. Cheyne; S. Petton; James Durkee; C. A. & R. H. Hammond; School; R. Verberg; Al. Knowlton; Chas. Smith; E. W. Pinney; Res. of Ray H. Lowing; P. H. Tiemeyer; John Sytsema; Geo. Monroe; H. J. Nibelink; Wm. Boynton; Geo. Cheyne; D. Chene; Geo. Sytsema; E. Jones; Creamery; Bauer; Geo. Reister; Hiram Wagner; Abraham Brandt; M. Timmerman; Philip Lehnen; F. B. Woolstan; Thos. Bowermanz; Lyman Wilson; Wm. Sweet; Mart Kautenberger; L. C. Dahm; M. Timmerman; H. Starker; Ed. Zuidema; Bert Scuitima; Stephen Bonberg; Peter Haan; John Sweet; H. D. Bowen; W. Bowen; Lucy Bowen; C. L. Munn; E. Lemink; F. Roberts; J. DeWendt; C. Van Covering; Chas. Kautenberg; Henry Sweet; Ester Engel; Wm. Boynton; Isaac Lowing; P. Lowing; Wm. Lowing; Teas Eisenga; C. E. Bosworth; Fred Kort; I. Lowing; John Lowing; W. E. Bosworth; M. & F. Bosworth; John De Wendt; Otis Lowing Est.; O. L. Comstock; Bernard Koek Koek; John Boer; R. Wickham; O. M. Gillette; Fred Comstock; Hy. De Vries; J. De Vries; Geo. Rillema; M. Koek Koek; M. Vande Wall; Clarence Hage; Wm. Berger Jr.; J. K. Pinney; Wm. Berger; Henry Nibbling; E. De Puit; Everett Jones; Z. Prins; W. Klosterhouse; Abel Dypstra; H. Vande Wall; Elmer Gillett; Nat. Morrey; Mrs. E Lowing; B. Nienmenhuis; Douwe Douma; John Van Duinen; Emmet Lowing; Henry Vander Wall; Hy. Holstage; M. Timmerman; B. Newenhouse; H. Newenhouse; Hy. Timmer; Hy. Alberda; S. E. Baker; F. H. Campbell; E. W. Lang; Ann Taylor, Est.; John Spicer; Henry Cooper; Albert Alberda; A. Tate; S. Vander Veen; Fred Kort; R. Whitters; Nicholas Mekkes; M. Vande Wall; H. Springstead; John Bylsma; Alfred Tate; Tiem Kort Est.; Geo. Hardy; Town Hall; Hy. Skinner; Wm. Hunt; Chas. Hardy; J. Monsink; A. M. Taylor, Est.; John De Wendt; Henry Zwart; Benj Mackus; H. Boldt; H. Rillema; Benj Goss; Ralph Watson; M. Dood; M. Zwart; Simon De Wendt; Dick De Wendt; John Dood; W. B. Comstock; Res. of John Oosterink; Jacob Oosterink; G. Cowing; J. Wieysum; D. Elsenga; Peter Northouse; Hi. Eizenga; A. Mekkes; O. L. Ames; Hy. Steel; Jacob Welling; A. Boynton; Gilbert Van Slootin; J. Klosterhou; P. Van Sing Set.; Edward Watson; Mrs. Jolingza; R. Klosterhouse; Wm. Van Shlootin; S. E. Baker; Lucy Moody; John De Puit; O. Northouse; Matt Alberaus; M. Alberaus; H. Mackus; L. & L. Jenison Co.; Jennison; Lucas Vander Veen; L. & L. Jennison; Reing Klosterhause; Gerrit Hokema; Ed. Porter; Power Co.; N. Van Statt; John Vander Wall; Geo. Crystler; Nathan Mawrey Est.; Walter Bromatser; Clause Steen; Allen Alward; Henry Holstege; Al Mowrey; Gerrit Brink; Teunis Ziel; J. Spoelman; M. H. Veldman; Orlando Hall, Est.; Bert Sweet; Cornell Ringnalda; John & Fred Riddell; Bern Jaynes; John Koopman; Walt Bromaster; Ed. Kunze; H. Gerrits; Rob’t Alward; Wm. Bareman; H. Van Neil; C. Lynema; John Poshey; Thos. Koopman; Tony Steen; Ed. DeWendt; L. Hop; Cem.; H. Meyer; Bert Koster; Dan’l Sawyer; Dirk Koopman; J. H. Haminge; J. H. Vander Boegh; Aug. Winchester; J. H. Kuyper; Amos Winchester; John Quigley; Simon De Wendt; L. Parker; C. Montaque; P. W. Vas Binder; Jacob Vander Veen; Peter Rillema; R. F. Johnson; J. Vander Veen; O. G. De Wend; D. M. & H. E. Jenison; Freeman Doane; J. L. Raterink; G. A. Roberts; John Mahus; Wm. Houseman; H. Tiemeyer; Lavera Cake; O. G. DeWendt; A. Blauw; W. A. Phels; Melvin Dornbos; Asa Bursley; H. E. Jenison; The Beechwood Farm; D. M. Jenison; The Old Homestead Farm; Robt. Lundy; R. Dornbos; Rush Creek; Fred French; M. Martin; J. De Winter; S. J. Noroott; Gerritt Van Stratt; C. Vander Molin; Hy. Hulzenga; Fred Weirsum; Corn Andre; M. & H. E. Johnson; Hiram Ripperda; H. Ripperda; Rush Cr.; J. Ballema; B. Otten; John Spoolman; Hy. Paskey; Jos. Lowing; W. Steen; I. W. Barnhart; J. Lowing; H. J. Holstege; B. Koek Koek; Adrian Everese; Fred Jonker; C. Baerman; M. Woodyke; M. Van Neil; Elwin Lowing; Geo. Felton; Jos. Dolman; H. Gerrits; Wm. Gerrits; Saw Mill; B. & T. Hughes; Elmer Barnaby; A. Bytwork; J. Meinema; Susie Barnaby; Ralph Gerritts; A. J. Gebben; Al. Gerritts; Ed. Whipple; Ed. Klomp; H. Ringerwold; H. Kiel; C. Spoolman; I. Y. Burnham, Est.; Hudsonville; I. Y. Burnham Est.; O. Edson; O. & G. Edson; N. De Weerd; John Vander Heide; A. Dykema; A. C. Vander Boegh; M. C. Vander Boegh; Rube Franklyn; Pere Marquette R. R.; M. Van Dyke; M. & D. Van Dyke; Saml. Krol; West Branch; C. Spoolman; Hiram DeVries; John Victory; Wm. Bischoff; John Ver Straat; L. Mesbergen; J. H. Lukes; H. Blooming; John Vander Molen; G. A. Roberts; Chas. Van Der loon; Reinger Doornbos; L. Mesbergen; Henry Vander Veen; Peter Hoezee; Gerrit Wierenga; Hubert Alward; G. Wirenga; Wm. Thrasher; Grand Rapids Holland & Chicago Elec. Ry.; G. Thompson; J. K. Barks; S. T> Decker; Geo. Van Aiken; F. L. Tripp; Nicholas Balthema; Fred Weirsum; Wallace Thompson; John Scholma; Jacob Hondred; W. & J. Timmer; C. Spoolman; C. Ludema; Si. Grasman; Sip. Grasman; J. E. Tanis; J. Dereget; Al. Schut; L. Schut; Fred Boldt; C. Ludema; Wm. Boldt; S. Morrell; J. H. Lubes; N. Hemkes; Blendon Twp.; John Vredevelt; B. H. & J. A. Green; John Burges; A. Densmore; Wm. Beek; Benji. Hiel; E. J. Barnaby; J. Grizon; L. E. Giddings; B. Sterken; James Decatur; R. Denmore; C. C. Corey; H. A. Warner; Jos. Van Dyk; J. Schut; Monse Faber; C. Peasley; N. Ryanbrand; Gerrit Geers; John Oudbier; Henry Roterlink; Al. Dykema; S. Kazinga; Dirk Marlink; Bert Ter Haar; Fred Boldt; John Vander Heide; O. Batema; E. De Young; J. Ellis; G. Bogema; Herman Boldt; School; Allen Waite; G. Briceland; Foppa De Haan; L. Edwards; H. & W. Tibbils; Herman Edson; A. Edson; Benj. Edson; Ely Landis; John Weisenhaf; S. McCoy; H. Corson; Wm. Heintz; Hama Buikema; B. Bulstrum; Wm. Vander Veen; Harm Plaggemeyer; E. Norton; J. Buwalda; Daniel O’Connor; F. Vander Veer; L. M. Wolf; D. O’Conner; Inman Whipple; A. B. Norton; John Munderhout; H. Carson; Peter Van Orst; D. O’Connor; Wm. Moss; Jos. Priest; Frank Young; Geo. Van Aiken; Thos. Cahill; Herman Seifert; Cem.; Erastus Yemmans; Res. of H. E. Yemmaus; John Scholm; Ann Dailey; C. H. Tyler; John Wilson; Mind Minderhout; D. Hansen; Jacob Osterink; East Branch; Kent Co.; Jamestown Twp. Note:

Page  86

Page  87 ci 'C I I I I I S I I *1 I I I g Uownship S Xor~rth, Siange 137Vest of the i cia trda 8 &5*5 * Sf99 drec45d9 91.z6S o.drds8 *.c V50! Litm S 2n t RZ i2 on Z- e -e27aakTbI? A-" sz C7 - F -D Brew __a,.'747jý ei-zoo *. R&eo ~ 60K ' 60 Job er so - tuzpbrnt,5 60 r ke.5eo DZ~erco 5 - ' a0e z o A-rs 140. 1c-4 0 3 00'fC a 40. 8c 40 fell9 0 o~ 2~2 IEzi\ Betol0I 19508.150 D~ 'tEet onClfl B er A K7- ~L)Ni Jtz( JRtti'ej4N so KF ~C~o N 4 0 120onze k/K Che), Bred ý'dc/n Iceste 71 -e e* fore n&0 6f1 A) < /{crbWZ-Yer Y o 7' L l 80 4 0o-ke>?z < %7 8 S 7' 7' 9etroee,20 tO C.Van Yhlber-g /I7IA 7'S 78.50 0o-k * Gem.evbcur -A ~ C. zia~or W= 1 MOP9 a R 1, t:.-, - --1-7 zz ' 99.e66 IZT244 2 De~eerd ~z 73.33BL/lorr~/ icA Ce ertir12?g 2,5 8..5-0 75'k1rznzy Sc V7ande 72 cZee C.Laffir0 F 0 S. 94 J. 1 34 k /Yzh ecx vjLenasoin K L. DhoC-2 4) m Y-x11srn:ý J-1 U- uLZZýT"U. CZ/t-fLW L - n: flU~ ---W-- -- -- -T-5-----ar~tni r- 1.I F1 -1 1. - - J- - -M L I 7"-'. (RND RA PI/u Jaicob' Li. $PdeVendoer/co o5 V 40 00 -D&eIrstennC S 2' a. '1' Cs: 27 6 e crEt [J.; -Var rzp $ý ror/r Elbcc r4 nam-er 'As@ rhlýubz 40 ý nd.i1inm 40 Do 3,1 Flu 1 -11 I frSch o o 4 60 -4 '2 -tVK 05 a 'II tjl I 27 SC 2220.,> U ~ L.50 * tA;0 ' Oko 10:u' [ha >0 y,, *2tijr -L ieocr JsT 50 -6 'I IL. trirem Far dellaide *7r3 U fK &W cent cc, Wendctzc2te So 77 fArofCn I 760 to I C'. 112 1 -1 - tOo I I) Estzl Et t40 wen Sn a dclcn 720 rem2 - -e.4.2'a Ci 16e Ft (r r 1~ U0 1~ 0 Q) -N aR. iohcerho-rli T, 1-0 - - -:ýA i --m ffl. //I' -,- - I I ý,- 'r, Iý - N.I.Ni'sI v1 1 ir,, " a Iry?"7 a I M IAý' 44 \ NJ Nj lb Q0. N *4 eover _rO V) -ZOO > jhe ' Z r idZ -Es ta ef 40?~t i70s. ____ _ _ _ X0Br' o 70- 0 'c n3' Re d. <eLer 40 -40 lra w l recerek > D 7* ~W * ~ ~ ~ o Hier140-0 4rte 2 J'Arn.Van. 0Y nUa 'o oo s t___A5 1 5-O30 ) - "'.QranD /0 50687ý r o-net'cneo 80b Q0oe C3Ioo.U j0X~4.2*t s'60 e o d IS~ Q417 40' >} YPer179a hCA en7 artad 46'Etae80. Ilk 1--10 NY, 4 L S iaits " )ýN 40. 4o0qa a'at ~edr/~ _ _r(2 _ _ _ 'y' 2 I I I '1 I 9 -1 111 a -- AV I -; =!ý I -:ý= W.-- '~~ I4 bz'andt *? Wa412am 0 2'yitrc rv lia615 1 Pddiz *, A 05tLc7EGANrI? 4. i ID ýz Title: Map of Jamestown Township 5 N 13 W Keywords: Georgetown Twp.; Stanford Austin; H. Klunder; A. Ringewald; J. H. Loeks; Hy. Elders; B. Elzinga; Geo. Peulen; Hy. Brower; J. E. De Weerd; Wm. Ensink Est.; Hy. Brower; Henry Timmer; Fred Pohler; H. Brower Est.; M. Patmos; H. G. Loeks; S. Morrell; Wm. Slagter; J. Shurtema; J. P. De Weerd; H. kok; Jacob Ryerse; D. Branderhorst; Albert Ensink; Andrew Gritt; Henry Grit; J. Tiggelaar Est.; H. De Weerd Estate; Con Rikers; John Krise; H. Drew Estate; J. Van Goor; W. Kruis; N. De Groot; Bert Ten Brink; J. Van Haitsma; F. S. De Jong; L. Edwards; H. Edwards; S. Veltema; J. L. Roberts; A. Edson; P. Bender; H. Drews; H. Edwards; P. Vischer; H. Ratering; J. Ratering; F. De Yonge; H. Holleman; Cornelius Newhouse; J. Rocker Sr.; Herbert brown; Geo. Brown; John Brown; Raymond Brown; F. Sadler; Henry Sadler; H. Minderhout; A. Minderhout; B. Kruezer; Daniel McDuffy Sr.; E. J. Kellogg; J. A. Garfield; J. Minderhout; J. H. Moorman; John Brink; A. C. Lane; B. Konen; A. Donnelly; Daniel McDuffy Jr.; H. Konen; Walter Cook; E. Moorman; Wm. Soper; Mina Minderhout; Store; Agnes Thresher; Lane Thresher; Chas. Terret; Max Regal; M. Chase; Lucinda Tibbit; Walter Cook; Wm. Soper; E. Moorman; H. Rolofs; Henry Elders; J. Nederveld; K. Kok; Fred Rolofs; K. Kreuze; Mrs. N. & Dick Zylstra; T. Van Haitsma; Hy Zuiers; T. Van Haitsma; J. Nederveld; Zutphen; See Enlarged; Cor. Ryanbrandt; J. A. Kamps; Evert Tannis; Wm. Albright; R. De Jong; Hiram Kamp; J. Sterker; R. De Jong; Ed Kok; H. Heybouer; N. Rozema Est.; Mrs. L. B. Geerling; John Mulder; Evert Hop; John Baker; Hiram Kamp; R. Van Noord Est.; J. Bowman; John Zwiers; Derk De Groot; John Pater; H. Dekline; Alice Beek; John Huizenga; H. Von Klompenberg; J. Van Rhee; Dr. Tacoma; J. Van Koor; J. Van Hoven; See Enlarged; P. Van Regenmorter; John Leenheer; L. Van Haafte; John Huizenga; A. Meyer; B. Messinger; N. & L. Dekline; L. De Wies; John Ter Haas; A. Meyer; S. S. Stewart; J. F. Richardson; J. A. Garfield; R. W. Golden; Mrs. Philoma Tuffs; Chas Kesler; A. Elliott; Gerrit Hop Jr.; Rob’t Elliott; J. Ensing; Wm. Keefer; Harvey Arnold; C. Haff; Albert Sjaarda; Geo. Moorman; Fred Keefer; C. H. Horton; Gerrit Hop Jr.; L. & A. Geerling; Gerrit Van Bunte; J. Gukes; John Snyder; John Heidema; Evert Ensink; J. Kalman; J. De Vree; J. D. Kollen; Lucus Kremers; John Mulder; K. Kok; J. R. Nyenhuis; G. Van Regenmouter; J. Uhlberg; H. Heybour; H. K. Lanning; J. H. Brower; Store; Bert Nyenhuis; B. Foutch; Ger. Beek; Philo Gregory; Jacob Nyenhuis; Cem.; J. Heybour; J. Vanderkolk; J. Uhlberg; Albert Bos; Grand Rapids Holland & Chicago Elec. R. R.; Alice Beek; Jamestown; L. De Vries; H. Wiers; John Geerling; H. Dekline; J. Ruyse; Bert Van Ommen; Wm. Roon; R. Elders; B. Kunner; H. J. De Weerd; J. Lemson; L. Shoemaker; G. J. Van Ommen; M. D. Hollis; B. Brunsink; G. A. Peet; K. Lamberts; N. De Vries; Geo. Bredeweg; H. De Weerd; Harry Baker; Church; Henry Van Noord; W. H. Arnhold; Alvin Cooper; L. D. Barclay; Wm. Ter Kurst; W. & T. Clark; John Grit; Herbert Marshall; Almira Tuffs Est.; John Rooker; Mrs. L. Geerling; Skimming Sta.; Walter Deleeuw; C. L. King & Co.; W. Vanderzee; John Rooker; Samuel Hunt Est.; J. Telgen; L. Bronsing; John Bredweg; M. H. Freeman; J. Vander Akker; E. Vander Zaag; A. A. Portsma; Jacob Potter; L. Vanderkolk; H. Heybour; D. Dekline; P. Karsten; Hilbert Dekline; John Elbers; John Kamer; H. De Zwan; R. Van Bronkhorst; D. Nyenhuis; And. Timmer; Creamery; L. Roon Est.; D. Nyenhuis; Gerrit Yntema; S. Yntema; D. Smalligan; W. Van Dam; J. Van Dam; L. Shoemaker; J. Kole; Cornelius Struck; Hiram Van de Bunte; H & M. Vande Bunte; G. Veenboer; T. W. Brown Est.; J. Van Dam; Mrs. G. Avery; Jacob Colts; D. Dishoug; Martin ocobock; T. A. Rynbrant; H. N. Baker; H. & W. Shober; K. Zylstra Est.; Pickart & Van Oss; Henry Hilzey; Cornelius Van Duine; Gerrit Hollemd; Wm. Ellis Est.; Owen Snedden; Harry Selvig; H. Tilesinga; Ed. Koers; R. Kridler; Wm. Kridler; Abram Nederveld; Bert Van Oss Est.; Mrs. S. P. Leonard; Albert Kridler; Alfred Kridler; H. Hilzey Estate; M. Steffes; N. Nichols; J. L. Dekline; D. L. Dekline; C. A. Ryanbrandt; E. Van Spiker; John Hamer; H. J. Kamps; G. Hoeve; J. Bos Estate; A. Blyenburg; P. Arendson; A. Timmer; Section; Forest Grove; Peter Smalligan; M. T. Van Brankhorst; C. Hop; E. Boone; C Kizer; E. Boone; J. J. Nyenhuis; F. R. Strick; G. Bronderhorst; E. Van Spiker; A. Kiekover; J. Strick; A. Rynbrandt; A. Vander Wall; J. A> Avery; R. Bredweg; D. Vande Bunte; H. & W. Shober; B. Fredericks; Wm. Van Bronkhorst; H. Koman; Jao. Kole; John Poortinga; R. Bredweg; D. Smalligan; J. Schipper; Store; A. Dekker; K. Klooster; Bert Palmbos; C. Van Duine; J. Z. Klooster; J. K. Klooster; J. Overset; G. Westrate; J. Diepstra; John Renkama; Jacob Schipper; E. H. Bok; H. Hilsey Sr.; L. M. Clark; Wm. Arendson; P. Kridler; M. Miller; M. Schoendorf; G. Avery Est.; B. Vogt Estate; J. Marthadem; Frank Miller; Wm. Miller; P. Schneider Jr.; T. P. Ryanbrant; G. Gould Estate; Tony Steffes; R. Hilgen; F. E. Brown; Frank Miller; J. Forner Est.; Wm. Homerich; Mrs. Jos. Schneider; Zeeland Twp.; H. A. Lanning; J. Vanden Berg; E. Siestma; P. Ryanbrandt; A. Kiekover; Hy Van Dam; J. Zylstra; Mrs. John Padding; H. Van Bronkhorst; Bert Ter Haar; Gerrit Kruithof; H. Lubbers; Erit Sietsma; J. Lydens; G. Hoeve; Bert Ter Haar; A. Kiekover; J. Stick; B. Schuer; T. Palmbos; R. Bredeweg Jr.; A. Bredeweg; P. Kaas; L. Shoemaker; Jas. Brant; H. Van Hailsma; M. Palmbos; J. Tiesengal; G. W. Gitchell; Al. Karsten; Black Cr.; John Mast; N. Mast Est.; Geo. Mast; David Brandt; A. Ter Haar; D. Grinilvis; Henry Brummel; H. H. Hall Estate; J. Marthadem; P. Schneider; N. Mast; H. Vande Bunte; Thos Loew; N. Matzen; C. W. Loew; P. Schneider; Jacob Wellen; Mrs. Jos. Schneider; M. Schneider Est.; J. L. Schneider; J. P. Rynbrandt; J. Marthedem; N. Schneider; P. Fein; Peter Matzen; Peter Alphen; Mrs. Jos. Schneider; J. Bieber; Jacob young; J. Bieber; Fred Wiest; J. Vogt; J. Fritzen; Jos. Bieber; Wm. Pledgin; M. Rodenheisler Est.; J. Weidenfellen; Mrs. J. Fritzen; Kent Co.; Allegan Co. Note:

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Page  89

Page  90 ' <-^ fE^J^ ^ 1 O 6. ^ Ma u 191. Electric Lines are ihv o a hs ---^^.i.\ ^ i s -4 '^ll1," ^ ^ '^ ^ ^ ^ ^^ 5B 8i:^ ^ ^^ NE B3 Benitoll Harbor-St. Jrtosep R.T -t.-sT,^ ^;'c ^^ K^ ^ ^ \0 i^-^ ^ M~~ee Cy &rre,~ T, ^yGoerl ^ ^^ Ve^ ^, vena ^ ^ - 3 _T_^, ^ ^ & Lighteony a& e-, ^.^ y ^. " ^ ^ ^ n ^ ^ ffifiS^^^~~k~e U*tiD > J--.-2--_,---p^''-^^Y^^.^~^ 1 iak e^ D2 Detoi United,-r- -TT S. Ex.'':;^ ^ ^ ^ 57 E~^^" Escanaba,^ ^ K t -^ r^ 1 ^^/ ffi|M^^^^^^^ _ *<;* -<~. -- ' A<-y <-/ JL jt-/~G Grand Ra p-*i *s-/^y^.9-/ds,^ "!^^^ v^ ^ 8~ ~ ~ ~ ~~ ~~i %ANiMi^^^ G s Grand.: Rai.s Grand Havel~t^^ ^ ^ry ^'^^^^i^, Puls'e by^ GEO. " F. CRAMe Chiag, Il. ea/o Ai..S so ---- ________ ^ G~alyhl ^ ^.^,, __________ ^ ^ S f |p *~T.Bw! < ^a ^ ^ 'p t ^ ^^ * __G7__Grand___it___---------Kalamazoo0' 1 ^s.^tfsBBIS~" ^r^/"'^ \ -^ i* ^ "^1^ ^^^ TractioniJ^ /.~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~~ci nVRMmf~^./. i^i.0^^ es^ ^^^v v ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ - Houhto Count TraHlBB/ /^ ^ alLP I t ^ ^ ^ ^ ' ^ ^ <M ~~~ ~ ~ ~ CL OF MILES Js. vaksii Ann" Aro &^ DI.^^l-^^o^ '^^^ ^^I * \ -- -^A V- ^^iirrS ~^^ M 1 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~. At Jlatwleys Litn &Traction,^^ -^\^ _4 ^<^t? awsPt || / M 1 ^ ___ ^f/? ' "''"'i^Sc -i-i al pt~abie |/ S~s~fe lsite^-^.L^ t~ik RTO V'c's.'ia ^^ s^ 'a~tf ^ l"^^ "^ RN13.Alarquette City & jc.' presqu BBB / M ^T:-;-- - -. " -Bane A? Soith rn.,./ ^ ^:<^^: / 1<?/~/^o"" y" 1^ duN~i^ ^ir~fH--!^ -^ *: * c~o^ ~^^"- '^EDSAR ATEROWN i'Islef^ ( (I,;^^..:. ^ 1 ^^^.Kaainzoo.saiiui. A ~x 8 ^'^-^"^^ ^^ '"O lA-^oRR~-^^NtI^^\^ ^i^ y-F^'^.^^ - R A^^N~y'-!"1"^ ^^ ^ /^^.^ J,^v ^0 -/ ^T0-^ n nl^ P^ o EXIGEO 1 <R~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~M ITaruett Cont Ga & i'^'" m&l;S__f~^^^E'^*^J-^ ^ Y^^''^JJ^; F(ACI~~~~~~~~l~~~r.....1.....etal x^ 1 ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ j05^ ^ ^ o0^^ W^ SE ^^^-~vl~wpAR ^^^g~y^ -'^i^^ ^sistiisi Kcy "DE y6fl ^ ^ ^ a ^^uJT;A K E^aL ^ ^ ^ ^.TLACRA ^ S.1 UB^ ^"^ ^ ^ '''^ ^ ^ -' ife^M ''3'' 1 **- ^ r.ii~..i....^ ^ ----- ^ ~~ -^ 5---6-q,- < ----1---sl---1a---nds'- __ ^~^_--- I Title: Michigan Keywords: Keweenaw; Copper Har.; Deer L.; Lac La Belle; Bete Griso Bay; Pt. Isabelle; Keweenaw Pt.; Keweenaw Bay; Manitou Isl.; Eagle Harbor; Delaware Mine; Gratiot Lake; Canada; Pie Isl; Isle; Royale; Amygdalbid Isl.; Amygdaloid Isl.; Passage Isl.; Grill Isl; Blakes Pt.; Rock Harbor; Minong; Todds Har.; Isle Royale Light; Siskawit Is.; Siskawit Bay; Siskawit Lake; Washington Harbor; Keweenaw County; Lake Superior (done); Chippewa Har.; Rainbow Cove; Washington Isl; Johns; Ontonagon Ind. Res.; Elm R.; Allouex Mill; Kearearbe; Wolverine; Centennial; Belt Line; Red Jacket; Opeohee P.O. or Osbeola; Berwons Riaby; Demmon; Franklin R.; Ladrium; Mine; Sevel Town; Redridge; Stanwood; Edgemere; Edoinere JC.; Beacon Hill; Fredan; Balmon Trout; Obenhoff; Atlantic Min; Mill Min Sc.; South Range Messner; Trimount Ain; Ricedale; Elm R.; Baltic; Huron; Highton; O. Huron; RIlty; Houghton; Gross Point; Traverse Isl. Torch D.; Traverse Pt.; L. Linden; Hebard Lappe; Phosni Cliff; Ahneek; Calunet; Nixonn Hubbell; Ojisway; Mohawk; Allouez; Fulton; Allouez Mill; Copper Falls Mine; Eagle Harbor; Delaware Mine; Gate Har.; Wyoming Junction; Lac La Belle; Deer L.; Lac La Belle; Bete Grise Bay; Pt. Isabelle; L. Gratiot; Point Mills; Pt. Abbaya; Pt. Abbayo; Pt. Abbaye; Huron Is; Huron Pt.; Huron Bay; Huron ----; Pine Riv.; Pine River Pt.; Huron R.; Mountain L.; Pine D. Ives L.; Salmon Trout R.; Yellow Dog; Ransom; Huron Mts.; Big Bay; Bigbay; Big Bay Pt.; Antlers; L. Independence; Powell; Jean; Birch; Sauks Head; Garlick Isl.; Garlick Pt.; Granite Isl; Buckroe; Granite Pt.; Garlic R.; Garlic Lake; Porestville; Ross; Duncan; Ickeral Lake; Middle Isl.; Presque Isl.; Superior; Marquette; Carp Furnace; Gillett; Harvey P. O. or Chocolay; Gordons; Short Pt.; Michigamme & Beck; Dishno?; D. O. I.; Sand River; Whitefish; Deerton; Laughing Fish Pt.; Tyoga; Deer Lake; Tyoga JC.; Shelter Bay; Rock River; Onota; Mangum; Green Garden; Yalmar Sta.; Gentian; Taylors; Sands; New Danton; New Dalton; Alley Mills Spur; B. JC.; D. JC. & A.; W. JC.; Saginaw Mine; Milwaukee JC.; L. Michigamme; Wabik; Beacon; B.O Erie; Dead R.; Ishpeming; Teal L.; Negaunee; Maas Mine; Hoist; Eagle Mills; Dead River; Whitman; Bancroft; Cascade Basil Jc.; W. C. Br.; New Dalton; Tilden & Natimune; Palmer; Partridge; Winthrop Mine; Republic; Granite; Columbian W.; C. & W.; Goose L.; Mineral Branch; Greenwood; Stone V.; Boston Mine; Clarksburg; Humbolt;C. N. W. L. S.; Browid; Pasooe Mine; Marquette; Selma; Yalmar; Skandia; Lawson; Dukes; Roberts; Dorsey; Block; Diemling; Rumely; Ferguson; Jenks; Eben; Finns; Calciferous; Autrian L.; Munisins JC.; Valley Zerbel; Short Pt.; O.T. Yoga; Autrian Isl.; Autrian Bay; Autrain; Brownstone; Wilcox; Lowre; Ridge; Grand Isl; Munising; Trout Bay; Grand Isl.; B.; Castle Pt.; Grand Portal; Wood Isl.; Merriam; Kirby; SO; Hallston; Sandy Pt.; Wetmore; Mabel; Boogrens; Evelyn; Blueberry; Juniper; Doty; Hartho; Masters; Haggins; Boucha; Ethel; Peroy; Chapman; Samson; Metser; Brabant; Petrel; Creighton; Driggs; Walsh; Pt. au Sable; Grand Sable Lake; Marriam; Grand Marais Harbor; Grand Marais; Beaver; Man; Summit; Grand Marais Jc.; Bennett; State Roads; Wards; Star Y; Liston; Camp Seven; Bald; Buna; Cabile; Ames; Boscoe; Lorna; Corkwood; Glacier; Stillman; Hale; Dewey; Dixon; Midway; Chatham; Grey; Autrian; Mun.; Valley; Zerbel; Munising Jc.; Sh. & Atl; Cusino; Leroux; Two Hearted R.; Lit. Two Hearted Riv.; Sucker Cr.; Dannaher; Laketon; Mun. Sh. Atl. Dul. So. Sh.; Dollarville; Newberry; Tahquamenaw River; Lit. Two; Shelldrake R.; Vermilion; Vermilion Pt.; Whitefish Pt.; Whitefish Pt.; Maple Isl.; Parisian Isl; Shelldrake; White Fish Bay; Tahquamenaw Bay; Salt Pt.; Iroquois Isl.; Bay Mills; Bay; S. Shore JC.; Goulais Bay; Goulais Pt.; Bachewauaung Bay; North Sandy Isl.; South Sandy Isl.; Luce; Emerson; Middle Fk.; Sault Ste.Marie; Ft. Brady M. R.; Payment; Sugan Isl.; Great Lake; George; Duck Is. Rapids; Hay Lake; St. Mary River; Gladys; Rosedale; Dafter; McCarron; Donaldson; Barbeau; Brimley; Dorgans; Wellsburg; Duff; Red Carp R.; Wellers; Rexford; Woods Branch; Strongs Cottage Park Spur; Lake; Union Bay; Ontonagon; Green R.; 14 Mile Pt.; Ontonagon Ind. Res.; Fire Steel; Lit. Girls Pt.; Black River; Montreal; Lit. Lake/Gear; Siemen's Ironwood; Bessemer; Thomaston Wakefield Jc.; Ballentine; Iron R.; Little Iron R.; Poreveine Mts.; Preseque Isle; Black Riv.; Black River; N. Bessemer; Bessemer Jc.; Abitosse; Beryl; Thomaston; Wakefield; Ramsay; Bessemer; Marenisco; Gogebic Lake; Groesbeck; Matchwood; Ontonagon; Ewen; Nester; St. Collins; Bruce Cros; Choate; Radford; Sandhurst; Craigsmere; Robbins; Paulding; Barclay; Oroziers Mill; Blemers; Marenisco; Gogebic; Chi. Nor. W'N; Potata R.; Rockland; Chi. Mil; Fire Steel; Eager; Sterling; Misery R.; Elm R.; Barclay; Tivola; Stonington; Beaver Dam; Painesdal; Chassell; Arnheim; Keweenaw Bay; Keweenaw; Assinins; Alston; Hazel; Pelkei; Otter L.; Staokpole Winona; Belt; Simar; Peppard; Rubicon P.O. or Hubbells Mill; Sturgeon R.; Baraga; Iron Bridge; Pori; Findley Jc.; Frost Jc.; Victoria R.; Mid. Branch; Paynesville; Ruby; A. Jasper; Trout Cr.; Basoo; Interior; Interior Jc.; Perch L.; Parks Siding; Diana; Nestor Cross; Sidnaw; Read; Anthony; Kitchi; Hanvey; Onyx; Lewis; Kenton; Bergman's Mill Track; Tunis; Covington; Leo.; Robinson; Taylor Mine; Silver; L'Anse; Taylor, Jc.; Summit; Hibbard; Pope; Ontonagon Baraga; Houghton; Sturgeon; Murphy; Vermilac; Bess; Tredeau; Tioga; Redruth & Nestoria; Bode; L'anse Ind. Res.; L’anse; Slate Cr.; Skanee; Huron R.; Pt. Abbaye; Huron Is.; Huron Pt.; Ivas L.; Clowry; Humbold; Dishno; Pascoe Mine; Pasooe Mine; Brown; Beon; Beck; Beacon; Champion; Wabik; Michigamme; Erie; Mill Jc.; Columbia Republic; Clarksburg; Boston Mine; Michigan River; Michigamme; Granite; Houghton; Baraga; Marquette; Perch L.; Crystal Falls; Florence; Dickinson; Floodwood; Michgamme; Blasam; Amasa; Atkinson; Paint; Interior Jc.; Tamarack; Elmwood; Watersmeet; Beechwood; Iron River; Stambaugh; Palatka; Saunders; Ponca; Michigamme River; Mastodon Mine; Kelso; Mansfield; Sagola; Channing; Paul; Granite Bluff; Randville; Brule; Pentoga Armstorn; Chi. & Nor.; C & N. W.; W'N.; Panola; Mastodon Stager; Brule River; Norway; Sturge Fall; Iron Mountain; Spread Eagle Sta.; River Siding; Antoine; Merriman; Vuccan; Loop Line Jc.; Tobin Mine; Dunn Mine; Basswood; King; Uinnespc; Pine R.; Wisconsin; Witbeck; Camp No.; Kates; Michigamme R.; Floodwood; Henderson; Turner; Channing; Sagola; Dickinson; Metropolitan; E. Br. Cedar; Randville; Chi. Mil; Henderson; Ralph; Gleason; Alfred; McRae; Ward; E & L.; McDurmitt; Millers; Ross; Henby; Henry Ford; Northland; Reade; Mashek; Watson; Dewey; Ford R.; Little L.; Cheshire; Plains; Princeton; Lathrop; Escanada R.; Rock. P.O.; Maple Ridge; Defiance P.O. or Campbell; Woodlawn R.O. or Whites; Beaver; Friday; Rapid R.; Hoop Odetts; Ladoga; Turin P.O. or McFarland; Osier; Winters Trenary; Buckeye; Limeston; Winters; Diffin; Trenary; Perkins; Foster City; White Fish R.; Mud L.; Morans; Richardson; Shingleton; Mcinnes; Scotts; N. W. Branch; Spruceville; Hiawatha; Hiawatha Sta.; Camp 22; Iron Creek; Fish Dam; Fish Darl; Big Spring; Steuben; Smiths; McNiels; Jenny; Uno; W. Br. Manistique R.; White Dale; Gulliver; Fordville; Blaney Jc.; Parkincton; Bear Cr.; Germfask;l Seney; Ackley R.; Schoolcraft; Germfask; Seney; Helmer. N. Manistique L.; Viola P. O. or Yatton; Diller; Manistique L.; Huntspur; Pike Lake; Simmons; Carruthers; Blaney; Moorev; Bear Cr.; Gould City P.O or Corinne; Potters Peef; Manitou Payment Shaol; Simmons Reef; Naubinway; Sault; Rexton; Caffey; Damond; Troutlake; Alexander; Hendrie Fiborn Jc.; Kemp; Gilchirst; Garnet; Milakokl Lake; Soo Junction P.O or Sault Jc.; Hulbert P. O. or Hurlbut; N. Manistique L.; Bovee; Pt.; Epoufette; Brevort & Greene; Carp Rover' Mackinac; Strongville; Sault Ste.; Fibre P.O. or Dryburg; Kinross; Tone; McCarrion; Dafter; Rosedale; Donaldson; Barbeau; Neebish Isl; Sailors Encampment; Raber; Lime Isl; Gatesville; Cedarville; Stalwart; Les Cheneaux; Hessel; St. Martins Bay; St. Joseph Island; Montreal Channel; Duck Is. Rapids; Can Pac.; Burnt Is.; Worsley Bay; Asn Pt.; Ash Pt.; Round Is.; Putagannissing Bay.; Potagammissing Bay; Harbor Isl.; Maxton Drummond; Pirate Harbor; Marble Head; Grants Is.; Thompsons Pt.; North Passage; Crescent Isl.; Vidal Isl.; Crape Robert; Calumet Mine; Foster City; Hardwood; Hylas; Merriman; River Siding; Antoine or Traders Jc.; Cedar R.; Loop Line Jc.; L. Antoine; L. Fumes; Fumee; Quinnesec; King; Norway; Appleton Mine; Sturgeon; Sumac; W. Aucedah; Leaper; Vega; Cleeremans; Whitney; Camp No. 2; Camp No. 5 & 6; Dryads; Faunus; Perron; Vilce; Alecto; Shaffer; Felchuc; Ngbles; New Hall; Woodlawn P. O. or Whites; Kingsley; Cornell; Chaison; Gladstone; Chandler; Salva; Marringers; Lefebvres; Chadstone Road; Bichlers; Groos; Bay Siding; Masonville; Lit. Bay; Perkins; Winde; Brampton; Rapid River; Setif; Ensign; Jacques; Pickel Cr.; Stonington; Round Isl.; Pine Ridge; Flech Jo. Nobles; Taycoos R.; Beaver; Powers; Loretto; Aragonic; Aragonic Mine; Valacca; Hermans Pembine; Faithern; Vulcan; Blount P.O. or Kloman; Spalding; Wilson; Hooles; Indian Town Sta; De Loughary; Harris; Bark River; Narenta; Hyde P.O. Ryde P. O. or Ford River Sta; Ford River; Escanaba; Peninsula Pt.; Chippewa Pt.; Big Bay de Noquette; Sand Isl.; Fish Dart R.; Sturgeon Riv.; Delta Jc.; Russell; Isabella; Cooks; Haco; Camp 20; Fayette; Portage Bay; Wiggins Pt.; South Manistique; Thompson; Camp 1 Jc.; Cherry Valley; Manistique; Manistique L.; Manistique Riv.; M. M. & N.; Branch; Marblehead; White Dale; Gulliver; Delta Jc.; Murphy; Ogontz; Stony Pt.; Ogontz Bay; St. Vital Is.; Snake Isl; Vans Harbor; Garden; Pt. au Barque; Gull Isl.; Blaney Jc.; Park; McDonald Lake; McDonald L.; Hughes Pt.; Gulliver L.; Pt. Seul Croix; Squaw Isl.; Whiskey Isl.; Garden Isl; Trout Isl.; High Isl.; Gull Isl.; St. James; Beaver Harbor; Hog Isl.; Beaver Harbor; Stony Isl.; Triangular Isl; Timbered Isl; Scotts Pt.; Pt. Patterson; Potters Reef; Simmons Reef; Menominee; Nadeau; Carney; Ballous; Mumfords; Bagley; Talbot; Ames; Nathan; Everett; Arnold; Hammond; Hermans V.; Menominee River; Blum; Lit. Summer Isl.; Summer Isl.; Pt. De Tour; Burnt Bluff; Poverty Isl.; Gravely Isl.; Ann Arbor Car Ferry; Gull Isl.; Little Gull Isl.; Isle au. Gales; White Shoal; Hat Is.; Grays Reef; Pierce Lake; Cross Village; Emmet; Goodhart; Readmond; Pt. aux Chenes; Allenville; St. Ignace; Nero; Gross Pt.; St. Martins Isl.; Lit. St. Martins Isl.; Pt. St. Martins; Mackinac Isl.; Mackinac Isl.; Pt. St. Ignace; Round Isl.; Boisblanc; Straits of Mackinac; Waugosbance Isl.; Temperance Isl.; Temperance Pt.; Cross Village; Sturgeonbay; Bliss; Carplake; Cecil; Cecile L.; Carp L.; Walkers; Hebron; Lyonstown; Levering; Logging Camp; Crystal Sprs; Stootsman; Pleasantview; Indian Garden; Bogardus; Pellston; Goose Isl; Bois Blanc Isl.; Boisblanc; L. Duncan; Pte. Aux Pins; South Channel; Mary Lake; Alverno; Cheboygan; Cheboygan R.; Long L.; Grance; Hammonds Bay; Mullett Lake; Inverness; Lakewood; Lakeside; McLeods Bay; Boisblan; L. Duncan; Freedom; Turtle L.; Rigg; Bushville; Mulletts; Manning; Lasalla Isl.; Lasalle Isl.; Pt. Fugard; Marquette Isl.; Prentice Bay ; Beaver Tail. Pt.; Pt. St. Vital; Pt. Detour; Detour; Detour Passage Bay; Pt. La Barb; Island Harbor; Huron Bay; False Detroit Channel; False Detour Channel; Pt. Smith; Cockburn Island; Thompsons Pt.; Straight of Mississugua; Mildram Pt.; Green Isl.; Drummond ; Drummond Isl.; Mildram Bay; Green Isl.; Great Duck; Western Duck; Peninsula Pt.; Inner Duck; Middle Duck; Outer Duck; Crescent Vidal Isl.; Crpe. Robert; Barrie Island; Bayfield Sd.; Helen Bay; Elizabeth Bay; Manitoulin Isl.; Portage Bay; Peninsula Pt.; Julia Bay; Lake Wolsey; Menominee River; Wanson; White Rapids; Kass; Kells; Cedar R.; Daggett; Anderson; Stephenson; Ingalls; Wallace; Osborne; Carbondale; Porterfield; Peshtigo R.; Beaver; Cavoit; Peshtigo; Marinette; Menominee; Green Isl.; Egg Harbor; Birch Creek Sta.; Pt. Rochereau; Arthup Bay; Cedar River; Stephenson; Inette; Cedar River; Whales Back Shoals; Washington Isl.; St. Martins Isl.; Washington Har.; Rock Isl.; Hog Isl.; Detroit Isl.; Spider Isl; Portedes Mortes; Washington Isl.; Plum Isl.; Gravel Isl.; Hedgehog Bay; Devil's Door Bluff; Sister Isl.; Sister Bay; Chambers Isl.; Whales Back Shoals; Cedar River; Bayleys Bay; North Bay; Hawley's Bay; Mud Bay; South Manitou Isl; South Manitou; Manitou Lake; North Manitou Isl.; North Fox. Isl.; South Fox Isl.; Fishermans Isl; Inwood; Cherrie; Belvedere; Charlevoix; Cat Head Pt.; Cat Head Bay; Gills Piere; Argosa; North Port; Leland; Manseau; Omena; New Mission Pt.; Grand Traverse Bay; Northport Bay; Northport Pt.; Ironton; Ellsworth; Eastport; Intermediate; Echo; Wards; Snowflaki; Torch R.; Harbor Springs; Roaring Brook; Weque DOnsing; Conway; Ary; Cases; Brutus; Alanson; Oden; Crooked Lake; McMana; Clarion; Smiths; Boynes; Advance; Torch Lake; Phelps; Charlevoix; Finkton; Hitchcock; Jordan; State Rd. Heac; Quarters; Jordan Riv.; Madden; Kentucky; East End; Dow; Simons; Thelma; Gaylord; Otseco; Berryville; Yuill; Vanderbilt; Thorn; Trowbridge; Rondo; Haakwood; Wildwood; Kegomic; Bayview Epsilon; Littlefirle;d Wabmemee; Bear L.; Harbor Springs; Little Traverse Bay; Manonaqua Beach; Susan Lake; Horton Bay; Bayshore; Burgess; Charlevoiz; Windling; Webster; Chestonia; Brickerville; Brown; Dix.E. Sta.; Central L.; E. Elmira L.; Elmira; Hallock P.O. or Hazzard; Springvale; Thumb Lake; Sturgoon River; Pigeon Riv.; Torniabee; Burts Lake; Burt Lake; Cheboygan; Hamby; Indian River; Crooked Lake; Littlefirled; Kegomix; Maltsby; Doyles Cushman; MGore Project; Camp; Geeo; Spring Water; Boyne FS.; Johannesb; Hetherton; Jackson L.; Pike L.; N. Fk. Thunder R.; Cornwells; Cedardale; Montmorency; Atlanta; Hetherton; Austin Sid.; Presque Isl; Ocqueoc; Fowler; Ocquecoa River; Cheboygan or Black L. Potters; Alis P.O. or Conover; Hillman; Brasil L.; Millersburg; Bunton; Hammond; 40 Mile Pt.; Rainy; Trout R.; Rogers; Adams Pt.; Leer; Orchard Hill; Long Rapids; Flanders; Hobson; Dafoe; Alpena Jc.; Alphena; Thunder; Lit. Thunder Bay; Crooked Isl; Gull Isl.; Sugar Isl.; Thunder Bat Is.; North Pt.; False Presque Isle; Middle Isl; Presque Isle Bay; Lake Esau; Presqueisble; Grand Lake; Bell; Polaski; Bolton; Long L.; Metz; Posen; Polaski; Hagensville; Trout R.; Rogers; Thunder Bay; May Lake Jc.; Hawks P.O. or La Rocque; Austin Sid; L. Superior; Lake Huron; Michigan; Saginaw Bay; Lake Erie; Green Bay; Marinett; Menoninee River; Oconto; Oconto; Lit. Sturgeon Bay; Brookside; Little Tail Pt.; Kewaunee; Algoma; Namur; Sturgeon Bay; Cave Pt.; White Fish Bay; White Fish Pt.; Peshtigo Pt.; Pestigo Harbor; Ship Anval; C. & N. W.; Ann Arbor Car Ferry; Ann Arbor Car Ferry; Pt. aux Becs Scie; Edgewater; Crystal Lake; Frankfort; South Frankfort; Herring Lake; Benzonia; Homestead; Platte River Pt.; Empire Jc.; Platteo; Peterville; Empire; Burdickville; Glen Lake; Maple City; Cedar; Solon; Ruthardt; Oviatt; Lake Ann; Platte River; Pratts P.O or Allyn; Hayes; State Rd.; M Inland; Benzie; Weldon; Turtle L.; Wallin; Weldon; Joyfield; Nessen; T.L. Branch; Horidon; Hannah; Monroe Cen.; Bummit City; Wylies; Grawn; Grand Traverse; Long Lake; Neal Boardman; Oviatt; Lake Ann; Osborn; E. Empire; Cedar Run; Hanfort Fouch; Hog Is.; Shetland; Keswick; Suttons Bay; Suttons Bay; Old Mission; Mapleton; Birth L; Kewadin; Elk Rapids; Harch Crg.; Isadore; Leelanau; Leelanau; Lime L.; Port Oneida; Glenhaven; Glen Arbor; North Unity; Sodd Harbor; Good Harbor Bay; Pyramid Pt.; Kerry; Traverse, CY.; Archie; West Arm of Grand Traverse Bay; East Arm of Grand Traverse Bay; Milton; Elle L.; Yuba; Mitchell Jc. Hodge; Holmes; Leavells; Twin Mountains; Leidhart; Round L.; Rapid City; Barker Creek; Wilkins Spur; Ricker; Rugg; Mabel; Mahan; Iamsburg; Fair Banks.; Kalkaska; Kalkaska; Shell Jc.; Soules; Harts; South Boardman Sands; Crofton; Lodi; Pioneer; Walton; Hamilton Ivan; Fog Lake; Sharon; Naples; Halsted; Fletcher; Saunders; Spencer; C. * M. R.; Blue Lake; Deward; Squaw; Wellington; Horrigan; Cen. Mic.; Pere Cheney P.O. or Chenny Sta.; Jackpine; Sigsbee; Bucks; Handon; Hard Grove; Frederic; Judge; Clear Lake; Love; Putnams; Dana; Kneelands; Alexander; Tylers; Graying; Oscaoda; Fairview; Redoak; Wood; Principal; Comins; Aus.; Millen; Crooked Lake Jc.; Flat Rock; Cutisville; South Branch; Maltby; Lupton; Rose City;Sabble; Mio; Kneeland; Biggs; McKinley; Curran; Hubbard Lake; Newton R.; Spruce; Hawes; Roe Lake; Black River Isl.; Harrisville; Sturgeon Pt.; Alcona; Lodge; Lincoln; Mikado Handy; Veilar Lake; Brayn; Batton; Lott P.O. or Chevriers; Glennie P.O. or Bamfields; Killmaster; Mud Lake; Black R.; Greenbush; Gustin; Kewaunee; Twin R.; Twin R.; Manitowao R.; C. &. N. W.; Manitowoc; Peter Marquette Car Ferry; Manitowoc; Rawleys Pt.; Twin Rivers; Big Pt. Sable. Hamlin Lake; Foulsen; Mason; Sugar Grove; Big Sable L.; Siddons; Sable R.; Freesoil; Sable R.; Marsh; Oak Park; Oakhill; Manistee; Manistee; Polock Hill; Arendal; Camp Two; Onekama Jc.; Portage Lake; Onekama; Patch Crossing; Pierpore; Bear L.; Sorenbon; Malcom; Arcadia; Pleasanton; Butwell Cr.; Baile; Umphre; Gulcwetts L.; Springdae; Henry; Copemish; Thompson; Tanner; Chrief; Kaleva; Goodrich; Brethren; Clement; Wellston; Dublin; Florence; Hoopers; Little R.; Stbonach; Lit. Manistee R.; East Lake; Newland; Thorp; Angola; Clay HIll; Rosenburg; Axin L.; Pecks Sid.; Derrys Sid.; Maple Grove; Marilla; Marmons Cleon; Lemon L.; Harlan; Pomona; Buckley; Mitchells; Bagnall; Walls; Sherman; Glensbarry; Mesick; Wards Sid.; Soper; Mystic; Wades; Hair; Clarks; Manton; Gilbert; Wexford; Tuma; A.A.; Meauwataka; Valda; Missaukee Jc; Harring; Round; Cadillac; Browns Sid.; Brinks Sid; Nelsons; Lucas; Little Fields Bid.; Galt; McBain; Delton; Gerbers; Hobart; L. Mitchell; Valda; Pioneer; Morey; Qutcheon; Stittsville; Moorestown; Butcher; Stratford; Higgins Lake; Houghton Lake; Houghton Lake; Butterfield; Mynnings; Widdicomb; Veneer Jc.; Veneer Koopman; Propsper: Koopman; Ealmouth; Vogel Cen.; Moddersville; Dolph; Prudenville; Roscommon; Noal; Mich. Cen.; Long Bridge; Williams Jc.; Tierney St.; Giels; Roscommon; Moores; Curtisville; Leander; Edward; St.; Helen; Rose City Lake; Lupton; Maltby; Canfield; Safe; Campbells Cors.; Haptman; Loranger; Norns; Grenwood; Prescott: Beaver Lake; Millers Selkirk; West Brank; Ogemaw; Ogemaw; Smith Jc.; Long Lake; Bisconnette; Doan; Pine Lake; Oscoda; Ausable; Lincoln Jc.; Au Sable Pt.; Kunze Siding; Tawas Beach; Tawas Pt.; Tawas Bay; Tawas City; Marks; Alabaster; Whitemore; Loam P.O. or Coppers Cros.; Taft; Au Grest R.; Emer Jc.; Vine; East Tawas; T.B. Jc.; Tucker Farm; Mile Hill; Millerton; Sheepdale; Peacock; Syres; States; Luther; Hansens; Keenan; Hoist; Edgetts; Bristo;; Riverbank; Sprague; Thewitts; Olgad; Collins; Obceola; Delphos; Comptons; Tubtin; Anderson; Rose L.; Rose Lake; Leroy; Hayes; Suprise L.; Hartwich; Pennocks; Crocker; Parklake; Dighton; Winterfield; Grandon; Temple; Clarence; Arnold Lake; Long Lake; Leota; Muskegon R.; Second; Frost; Levinton Sid.; Harrison; Clare; Osceola; Levington Sid. Doge; McClure; Lit. Sugar R.; Babcocks; Correction; Butman; Skeels; Line; Alger; Culvers; Mapleridge; Arenac; Turner; Santiage; Duck L. Omer; Arenac; Surham; Sterling; Deepriver; Pine River; Ogden; Moores Jc.; Quinns; Bricks; Sand Pt.; Whit Stone Pt.; North Charity Isl.; S. Charity Isl.; Flat Rock Pt.; Port Austin; Hat Pt.; Pte. Aux. Barquez; Pointe Auz Barques; Burnt Cabin Pt.; Grind Stone City; Hiron; Eagle Bay; Mosel; Sheboygan Falls; Sheboygan R.; Sheboygan; Shebygan; Adell; Oostburg; Cedar Grove; M. Car Ferry; Ludington; Lincoln; Lit. Sable; Buttersville; Riverton; Wesley; Bass Lake; Bass L.; Bow L.; Pentwater; Pentwater L.; Smiths Corner; Weare; Crystal Val.; Oceana; Peachridge; Little Pt.; Sable; Au Sable Lake; Benona; Claybanks; Bradyville; Stray L.; Holstein; Shelby Ferry; Cranston; Wagar; Hesperia; Tigris; Pentwaten Q; Walker V.: Peachville; Camp: Obmooba: Klondike; Lattin; Campbell L.; New Era; Stray L.: Cranston: Mears; Pere Marquette R.; Allendreek; Kirk; Mas. & Oce.; Shaw. W. Trowy; Alderson; Lilley; Volney; Elbridge: Woodville; Keno; Brookings; Phelps Mill; Biteley; McDaffies Mill; Sisson; Hawkins; Parke; Jacksons; Up. Paris; Paris; Stimson Jc.; Crapo; Upper Big Rapids; Hungerford; Lumbertson; Newaygo; Ramona; Etna; Ryerson; Alleytoon; Whitecloud; Kopje; Otia; Beaver Cr.; Wooster; Big Prairie; Borland; Big Rapids; Weaver; Pogy Hill; Emerald; Barryton; Chippewa L.; Chippewa L.; Byers; Rodney; Mecosta; Stanwood; Higbee; Altona; Morley; Rustford; Reynolds; Standwood; Mecosta; Remus; Foster; Titus; ROdney; Sherman City; Winchester; Higbee; Sylvester; Beanchard; Millbrook; Rowland; Winn; Coomer; Isabella; Brinton; Littleford L.; Curriers Bid; Gilmore; Hurnham; Hebrick; Coleman; Loomis; Wise; Sald R.; Delwin; Leaton; Jordan; Isabella; Mt. Pleasant; Stearns; Alemb; Crawford; Shepherd; Pleasant Valley; Van Decar; Caldwell; Drew; Beal City; Isabella Ind. Res.; Boyden; Chippewa R.; Rustford; Morley; Murphy; Jerseyville; Brroks City; Gordonville; Floyd; Olson; Sanford; Luman; Edenville; Alamando; Bradley; Egbert; Brier; Brroks Cr.; Coe; Redstone; Barnes; Posyville; Smiths Cros.; Averill; LaPorte; Jam; Littibawasse R.; Hope; Cummings; Nine Miles; Tebo; St. Andish. Pine iver; Bertie. Smiths; Rhodes; McRaes; Mount Forest; Glover; Norn Branch; Gopman; Campbells; Kawkawlin; Monitor Millers; Wolverine; Wolvine Jc.; Wolverine Mine; Aubun; Amecith; Freeland; Monitoro Salzb'g; Bay City; Cheboy; Ganing; Munger; Post; Quanicassee City; Wisner; Unionville; Lengsville; Linwood Park; Tobico; Kawkawlin; Oaatka Beach; Wenona Beach; Bay Cy. Bayside; Sagniaw R.; Essexcille; Banks Foss; Michie; Lengsville; Pinconning; White Feater; St. Andish; Eananing Cr.; Brooks; Melborn; Koch V.O.; Watrousville; Fairgrove; Sebewaing; Fish Pt.; Kate-chai or Mai-bou Isl.; Stony Is'; Bay Port; North Isl.; Pt. Charities; Caseville; Oak Pt.; Columbia; Akron; Ellington; Elmwood; Colwood; Gagetown; Ashmore; Kilmanagh; Canboro; Owendale; Rescure; Greenleaf; Gotts; Bish Lake; Pinnebog; Soule; Crown; Hayes; Berne; Pigeon; Wolfton; Elkton; Linkville; Bar; Poppe; Northburns; Ivanhoe; Appin; Cass City; Wickware; Colwood; Caro; Deford; White Cr.; Shaddon; Novesta; Tyre; Wadsworth; Kinde; Varney P.O. or Johnson; Glencoe; Port Hope; Redman; Filion Clarks; Rapson; Verona Mills; Sigel; Helena; Badaze; Wadsworth; Pawlowski; Ruth; Parisville; Whiterock; Forestville; Charleston; Mill Cr.; Minden City; Freiburgers; Palms; Cumber; Mills; Cedardale; Deckerville; Shabbona; Argyleo; Chevinston; Richmondville; Leitch; Belgium; Ukeeozauke; Port Washin; Milwaukee; Gr. Truni; Crosby; Bay View; Flowercreek; Montague; Rothbury; White L.; Whitehall; Michillinda; Wabaningo; Duck L.; Bear Lake; Muskegon; Port Sherman; Muskegon Heights; Lake Harbor; Black Lake; Lake Harbor Sta.; Ferrysburg; Car Ferry Trans. Co.; Grand Haven; Sheldon; Big Blue L.; Reeman; Brunswick; Holton; Sitka; Win Lake; Mcleans; Muskeogon; Moskegon; Gr. Halls; Berry; Dalson; Sweet; N. Muskegon; Sullivan; Spring Lake; Kirk; Nunica; Fruitport; Ickand; Ravenna; Scocum; Canada Cors; Gooding; Reeds; Cedar Springs; Casnovia; Bailey; Perrins; Velzyi; Sandlake; Cloud; Newago; Brookside; Bishop; Brunswick; Twin Lake; Sitka; McLeans; Bixby; Hines Crg; Henshaws; Simpson; Kanitz; Sullivan; Ickland; Ravenna; Cockery R.; Conlin; Harrisburg: Lisbon; Kent City; Lake Bailey; Brooks; Grant; A. ta.; Sun; Dickinson; Bridgeston; Ashland; Saxon; Sparta; Ballards; Velzy; Sheffield; Evans; Childsdale; Belmond; Alpine; Rend; Grattan; Bostwick; Cannons; Burg; Parnell; Belding; Kido; Green V.; Green V.; Wabasi Lake; Gowen; Spencers; Flat R.; Sidney; Colby; Virgin: Bushnell; Miller; Eureka Pl.; Wagers; Amsden; Shiloh; Chadwisk; Belding; Otisco; Bostwick; Slayton; Miriam; Orleans; Woods Cors.; Avon; Haynor; Prarie R.; Nickel; Smyrna; Montcalm; Gilbert; McCool; Sandy; Reynolds; Muskegon R.; Rustford; Amble; Lakeview; Hiram; Pierson; Plumville; Grove; Ensley; Brooks; Grant; Croton; Howard CIty; Six Lakes; Wyman; Cedar Lake; Rockalnd; Vestaburg; Riverdale; Elwell; Summerton; Forest HIll; Fishville; Crush L.; Crystal; Butternut; Carson City; Vickerville; Sidney; Westville; Enthican; Lanston; Trufant; Coral; Plehill; Edmore; Townline; McBrides; Ferris; acma; Elmhall; Pine R.; Ithaca; Eugene; Gratiot; New Haven Cen.; Sethon; Middleton; Pompee; Brice; St. Louis; Breckenridge; N. Wheeler; Eaton; Beaver R.; Langport; Lafayette; Edgewood; Fordney; Sickels; Northstar; Neward; Hubbardston; Matherton; Pewamo; Fowler; Union Home; Maple Rapids; Shepardsville; Duplain; Eureka; Elsie; Ovid; Hayworth Cr.; Fowler; Olney; Henderson; Carland; Shiawassee; Ryan; Porters; Iva; Sand Ridge; Dice; Frost; Malts; Saginaw; Carrolton; Cawndale; Mergehom; Malts; Dice; Frost; dan Ridge; Porter; Hemlock; Nelson; Miner; Brant; Leutz; Fergus; Groveton; Marion Sprs; Racy; Oakley; Brady; Chesaning; Layton Corners; Sliawassue; St.; Charles; McDonough; Verne; Carbon; Taymouth; Burt; Foster; Paines; Fordney; Malts; Kulubach; Greens; Cros; McClure; Rees; Arhur; Buena Vista; Veenfliets; Capac; Emmett; RBelleriver; Riley Center; M. Sta.; Lamb; Thorton; Wadfham;s Abbottsford; Goodells; Tunner Jc.; Barina; Pt. Huron; Gilford; Fitch; Markel; Millington; Brockway; Hoyt; Bridgepoint; Verne; Carbon; Taymouth; Montrose; Brentcreek; Mt. Morris; Lothrop; Mt. Morris; ZionHazelton; Clay; Horton; Genesee; Carland; Henderson; Judds Corners; West Haven; Easton; Layton Corners; Lewis; Flint; Hazelton; New Lothrop; Davison; Belsay; Rogersville; Otisville; Thetford; Otter Lake; Burns L.; Millers L.; Five Lakes; Oregon P.O. or Carpenters; Owait; Clifford; Silverwood; Mayville; Shaye Lake; Juniata; E. Dayton; Wilmost; Wahjamega; Ross Cross; Vassar; Frankenmuth; Tuscola; Cass R.; Cassbridge; Blackmar; Birchrun; COunty LIne; Navan; Click; Saginaw; Foster; St.; Charles; Miner; Brant; Leutzfergus; Groveton; Chesaning; Oakely; Lapeer; Kings Mill; Lum; Hungers Creek; L. Hasler; Mippissi Cr.; Davison; Elba; Deanville; Burnside; North Branch; Weeks; Braidwood; Germania; Kingston; Decker; Snover; Noko; Wahjamega; Ross Cross; Tuscola; Lapeer; Sanilac; Decker; Kingston; Imlay City; Saint Clair; Mt. Salem;Cpac; Brockway; Elliot; Sharpsville; Valley Center; Brown Center; Omardo; Elk Cr.; Redstar; Flynn; Marlette; Laurel; Redstar; Lamotte; Elmer; Berkshire; Cash; Sanilac Ce.; Carsonville; Poland; Port Sanilac; Lexinton; Lewis Siding; East Firemond; Amadore; Jeddo; Blaine; Fargo; Brockway; Yale; East Greenwood; Mt. Salem; Avoca Ruby; Northstreet; Bardendale; Huronia Beach; Gratiot; Amadore; Croswell; Peck; Watertown; Melvin; Speaker; Aitken; Abbottsford; Emmett; Pt. Huron Balt. Works; Marysville; Kimball; Tappan; Smith; Grabd Blacnk; Ranklin; S. Grand Blanc; Racine; Boot R.; Kenosha; Kenosha; Racine; Wind Pt.; Port Sheldon; New Holland; Ventura; Noordelo; Ottawa Beach;l Black R.; Graffeschap; Saugatuck; Douglas; New Richmond; Peachbelt; Ganges; Belknap; Glenn; Allegan; Pearl; Avis; Brave; Pearl; Allegan; Millgrave; Junningville; Fillmore C; Rolland; May; Veriselo; Oakland; Bentheim; Hamilton; North Dorro; Grisenlake; Moline; Corning; Middleville; Bradley; Minerlake; Hopkins; Minor Lake; Kellogg; Watson; Monteeth; Maplewood; Monterey; Dallas; Hillards; Diamond Sprs; Dogg; New Salem; Millgrove; Cloverdale; Orange; Mills; Watt L.; Cedar Creek; Corning; Molina; Grisen Lake; Parmelee; Nirving; Freeport; Gerkey; Carlton Ew.; Coats Gr.; Dellwood; Woodbury; Hastings; Barry; Maple L.; Yankee Spr.; Shultz; Quimby; Thorn Apple; Highbank; Kalamo; Morgan; Bristol L.; Dowling; Maple Cr.; Carlisle; Bismarck;asdasSunfield; Grandleedge; Shaytown; Rozana; Hoyt; Vermontville; Greshham; Chester; Charlotte; Kalamo. Nashville; Kings L.; Petreville; Kingsland; Kelly; Langsin; Delta; Fair Grounds; Millett; Packard; Potterville; Eatoninggham; Dansville; Mason; Aurelius; Klink; Westholt; Trowbridge; Haslett; Locke; Williamston; Meridian; Bunkerhill; Winfield; Onondaga; Fitchburg; Henrietta; Lowe L.; Holt; Williamston; Cohoctah; Indian L.; Parshallville; Fleming; Linginston; Lakeland; Bulls; Plainfield; Gregory; Stockbridge; UNadillac; Bruin L.; Greenoak; Oakgrope Sta.; Deercreek; Rose P.O. or Rose Cen.; Hallers; Clyde; Hartland; West Highland; Highland; Milford; New Hudson; Brighton; Wixom; South Lyon; Rinckney; Anderson; Island Lake; Annpere Summit; Howell; Davisburg; Rose P.O. or Rose Cen.; Hallers; Glyde; Harland; West Highland; Commerce; Hollister; Cass L.; Oxbow; Fourtowns; Sylvan; Oakland; Macomb; Clarkston; Clinton V.; Waterford; Eames; Plains; Alberto; Mount Vernon; Goodison; Rochester; Three Mile; Myrtle; Walled Lake; Walled L.; Walnut L.; Franklin; Beddow; Walnut; Oak Grove; Orchard Lake; Circl;e Big Beaver; Colerain; Clinton R.; Mt. Clemens; Chesterfield; Waldenburg; Washington; Daviso; Ray Cen.; Newhaven; Goodison; Clawson; Warren; Centerline; Frasier; Cady; Colerain; Pt. Huron; Dickinson Isl.; San Soui; Hansons Isl.; Algonac; Pear Beach; St. Clair; Peters; Calton;s Casco; Omo; Mt. Clemens Sta.; Walpole Isl.; Benton; Wadsworth; Waukegan; Lake Forest; Highland Pa.; Glencoe; Evanston; South Evanston; Illin; Lake; Rondout; Nor. W'N.; Stevensville; Vineland; GlenL ord; Hill Top; St. Joseph; Benton Harbor; Twelve Cors.; Hagar; West Casco; Springgrove; Hawkhead; Leisure; Black R.; South Haven; Long Siding; Fruitland; Packard; Covert; Elmwood; Van Buren; Windermere; Blakes; Pawpaw Lake; Coloma; Riverside; Millburg; Bainbridge; Spinks Cors.; Pennyann; Sister L.; Keeler; Sister Lakes; Carl; Hollywood; Berby Inchman; Carden; Stemm; Eau Claire; Nadmi; Pipestone; Dowagiue; Cushing; Glenwood; Volinia; Banksons L.; Grass Lake; Marcellus; Round L.; Cedar L.; Schoolcraft; Barrison; Lake Cora; Lawrence; Toquin P.O. or Paw Paw Jc.; Paw R.; Pinegrove Mills; Gobleville; Barlamont; Bloomingdale; Kendall; Mentha; Alamo; Cooper Sta.; Agenta; E. Cooper; Kalamazoo; Lauren Lake; Miller; Oshte Mo; Walker; Eassom; Brighton; Austin Lake; Prarie; Ronde; Pleasant L.; Dowagiae R.; Decatur; Howardsville; Moorepark; Partage; Parkville; Flowerfield; Vicksburg; Pavilion; Indian Field; Paper Mill; Nazareth; Streeter; Highland; Williams; Brownell; Scott Lake; Chicora; Chesire; Merson; Abronia; Kalamazo R.; Hooper; Neely; Silvercreek; Doster; Prarier V.; Milo; Bressey; Gull Lake; Merson; Chesire; Horseshoe; Pullman; Lee; Leesburg; Howardsville; Moorepark; Portage Lake; Mendon; Parville; Mattawan; Newbre; Texas; Pike L.; Pavilion; Pinecreek; Indian L.; Fulton; Athens; Climaz; Renton; Nazareh; Comstock; Augusta; Richaldn; Yorkville; Bedford Sta.; Base; Bedord; Penfield; Galesburg; Paper Mill; Cicksburg; Abscota; Calhoun; Battle Cr.; Nickols; Beadle P.O. or Beadle Lake; Wheatfield; Cerebco; Rice Cr.; Marshall; Marengo; Albion; Wilderville; Starlet; Sonomoa; Jorpa; E. Leroy;Tekonsha; Osborn; Burlington Sta.; Browns Sid.; S. Butler; Clarendon; Homer; Eckford; Condit; Bath Mills; N. Concord; Springport; Ottercreek; Ducklake; Duck L.; Partello; Gonyis; Penfield; Hickory Cors.; Assyria; Lacey; Banfield; Bellevue; Ceylon; Ainger P.O. or Olivet Sta.; Brookfield; Charles Worth; Eaton Rapids; East Springport; Bandstone; Parma; Spring Cr.; Pulaski; Grover; Pulaski; Stonypoint; Legnidas; Mendon; Girard; Hoduck; Union City; Butler; Litchfield; S. Butler; Mosherville; Milnes; Scipio Moscow; Jerome; Bankers; Calhoun; Jackson; Jackson; Henrys Crg; Van Horn; Rives Jc.; Munith; Leslie; Winfield; Onodaga; Bunkerhill; Lowe L.; Unadilla; Gregory; Bruin L.; Plainfield; Anderson; Pinch; Spring Arbor; Reynolds; Concord; Pulaski; Cedarbank; Somerset; Haires; Ryder; Ackerson; Horton; Liberty; Hanover; Brooklyn & Watkins; Manchester; Norvell; Sharonville; Vineyad L.; Vampler L.; M. Jc.; Bullis; Lakeland; Mill Cr.; Francisco; Grass Lake; Michigan Cen.; Eldred; Napleon; Sharonville; Manchester; Gillet L.; Goose L.; Prison Side Tr.; Roots; Lit. Portage L.; Cranberry L.; Clark Lake; Clark L.; Johnson; Big Portage L.; Addison; Cement City; Cambridge; Springville; Devils L.; Lake Rest; Onstead; Pentecost; Sand L.; Putnam; Cowham; NDR.R; Chelsea; Waterloo; South L.; Lima; Fredonia; Hamburg; Webster; Northfield; Whitmore L.; Salem; Worden; Reshton; Dixboro; Cherryhill; Geddes; Ann Arbor; Ypsilanti; Delhi Mills; Scio; Fosters; Geer; W.L. Sta.; Washtenaw; Saline; Bridgewater; River Raisin; York; Orania; Stonycreek; Milan; M. Jc.; Watkins; W. Suimpter; Whitaker; Willis.; Belleville; Rawsonville; Wiard; Denton; Canton; Wayne Jc.; Nankin; Plymouth; Clinton; Lakeridge; Macon; Tecumseh; Stevens; Cone; Azalia; Britton; Ralsinville; Salt R.; Milan Jc.; Exeter; London; Maybee; Oakville; Carleton; Briar Hill; Scofi Note:

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YWC c &OWIVS 'jtL4r 4A AR F fit* Y" _ýff - "!j Iq L y4-% LOAYTOH AL 'PHA CH RRY Oe CA r jk R_ Title: Map of the United States Keywords: Pacific Ocean; Albernie; Str. of Juan de Fuca; Cape Flattery; Flattery Rocks; Cape Johnson; Montesano; Grays Harbor; British Columbia; Vancouver; ait of Georgia; New Westmin; Port Moody; Mission; Crawford; North Bend; Okanogan; Agassiz; Cloverdale; Nanaim; Chemanis; Blaine; Sumas; Bellingham; Victoria; Fairhaven; Anacortes; Sedro Wolley; Excelsior; Hamilton; Rockport; Mt. Vernon; Pt. Townsend; Mts.; Everett; Monte Cristo; Lake Chelan; Snohomish; Washington; Shelton; Puget Sound; Ballard; Seattle; Waterville; Fall City; Elma; Tacoma; whead; Galena; Vernon; Lower Arrow Lake; Nakusp; Lardo; Sandon; Slocan L.; Lake; Greenwood; Grand Forks; Columbia R.; Republic; Colville; Rossland; Penticton; Robson; Trail; Northport; Bonners Ferry; Sand Point; Springdale; Kootenai Falls; Jennings; Kootenai R.; Kootenai Lake; Nelson; Kaslo; Crowsnest; Cochr; Calgary; Gleiche; Cassils; Steerford; Kininvie; High River; Nanton; Alberta; Parkland; Frank; Macleod; Lethbridge; Stair; Medicine Hat; Westmore; Bow Island; Frank; Crows Nest Pass; Fernie; McGrath; Cardston; Sterling; Dominion of Canada; Kalispell; Columbia Falls; Carlow; Shelby Jc.; Mackinnon; S. Saskatchewan R.; Coleridge; Forres; Maple Creek; Crane Lake; Side Wood; Beverly; Waldeck; Swift Current; Old Wives Lake; Herbert; Moosejaw; Pasqua; Regina; Rouleau; Dundurn; Outlook; Kenaston; Hawarden; Elbow; Davidson; Aylesbury; Tugaski; Brownlee; Tuxford; Nokomis; Strassburg; Mountain L.; Bulyea; Markinch; Craven; Yellow Grass; Coteau; Touchwood; Daf; El Fros; Sheho; Insinger; Yorkton; Saltcoats; Langenburg; Kamsac; Togo; Kelliher; Hubbard; Melville; Atwater; Welby; Markinch; Lipton; Balcarres; Neudorf; Dueuc; Esterhazy; Craven; Appelle; Qu’ Appelle; Qu’ Appelle R.; Regina; Indian Head; Wolseley; Grenfell; Broadview; Whitewood; Moosomin; Fleming; Kirkella; Vibank; Kendall; Kaiser; Vandura; Butler; Kennedy; Walpole; Tyvan; Fillmore; Rouleau; Lajord; Lang; Yellow Grass; Weyburn; Stoughton; Kisbey; Arcola; Antler; Reston; Macoun; Estevan; Benito; Sol; Jon Jc.; Duphin; Grand View; Manitoba; Russell; Binscarth; Birtle; Stra; Brando; Kennay; Virden; Souris; REsont; Hartney; Melita; Deloraine; Lake Dauphin; McCreary; Clair; Minnedosa; Neepawa; Gladtoke; Carberry; Boissevain; Carman; Greenway; Lake; Cowdery; Winnipeg; W. Selkirk; Selkirk; St. Boniface; Otterbourne; Carman; Greenway; Morden; Portage La Prarie; Morris; White Mouth; Pipestone L.; Gull Rock L.; Cat R.; Cat L.; St. Joseph Lae; Lac Seul; English R.; Kencra; Lake of the Woods; English River; Barclay; Superior Jc.; Albany; Martens Falls; Ogoki R.; Makoki R.; Kenogami R.; Lake Nipigon; Carlstad; Linkooping; Fort William; Ontario; Nipigon; Long Lake; Middleton; Trudeao; White River; River; Missanabie R.; Abittibe R.; Mattagami R.; Otter; Harricanaw R.; Nottawa R.; Lake Abittibe; Lake Bouchette; istassini R.; Chamouohouan R.; Lae St. John; Roberval; R. St. Maurice; Lake Bouchette; Rivierre a Pierre; Chicoutimi; Kiskisink; Ste. Anne; Quebec; R. Saguendy; Bersimis R.; Bersimis; Grosses Ro; Little Metis; Paspebiac; Dalhousie; Chaleure Bay; Metapedia; Trois Pistoles; Lawrence River; Riviere Du Loup; Campbellton; Charleure Bay; Petit Rocher; Bartibog; Newcast; New Brunswick; Edmundston; St. Louis; Mouth of St. Francis; Elgin Road; R. St. John; Van Buren; Grand Falls; Plater Rock; Caribou; Presque Isle; Ashland; Newburg Jc.; A. Jc.; Woodstock; Willapa Har.; Oysterville; Nahcotta; Cape Dissapointment; Fort Stevens; Seaside; Tillamoo; Cape Lookout; Sheridan; Cape Foul Weather; Yaquina; Toledo; Corvallis; Albany; Airlie; Dallas; Wittamette R.; McMinn V.; Newberg; Hillboro; Portland; Astoria; South Bend; Gate Ocosta; Olympia; Centralia; Chehalis; Sallal Pr.; Palmer; Buckley; Orting; Mt. Rainier; Mt. Tacoma; North Takima; Kalama; Yacolt; Vancouven; Golden Dale Columbia; E. Portland; Oregon Cy.; Mt. Hood; Woodburg; Salem; Albany; Scio; Lebanon; Idanha; The Dalles; Biggs; Shaniko; John Day R.; Coulee Cy.; Davenport; Spokane; Harrison; Cheney; Wenatchee; Roslyn; Ellensburg; Ritzville; Winona; Oakesdale; Tekoa; Odessa; Connell; Pasco; Prosser; Columbia R.; Wallula; Starbuck; Dayton; Waitsburg; Dudley; Colfax; Pullman; Snake Riv.; Condon; Willows; Umatilla; Heppner; Walla Walla; Milton; Athena; Pndleton; Elgin; Rathdrum; Coeur De Alene; Murry; Mission; Wardner; Wallace; Farmington; Garfield; Moscow; Genesee; Kendrick; Juliaetta; Ahsahka; Lewiston; Grangeville; Mt. Idaho; Salmon Riv.; Union; Flathead Lake; Thompson; Plains; Quartz; Bitter Root Mts.; Arlee; Desmet; Missoula; Hamilton; Gransdale; Carlan; Drummond; Garrison; Phillipsburg; Deer Lodge; Anaconda; Calvin; Stuart; Valier; Summit; Conrad; Ft. Benton; Dutton; Great Falls; Graig; Wolf Creek; Marysville; Austin; Helena; Jefferson; Townsend; Elkhorn; Boulder Valley; Butte; Lombard; White Sulphur Sprs.; Castle; Monarch; F. Assiniboine; Austin; Shelby; Pacific Jc.; Havre; Toledo; Savoy; Ashfield; Hinsdale; Glasgow; Nashua; Lenox; Wolf Point; Milk Riv.; Big Sandy; Missouri Riv.; Lewistown; Barker; Flat Willow; Garnell; Harlowton; Musselshell Riv.; Musselshell; Blenheim; Yellowstone; Montana; Terry; Big Timber; Merrill; Laurel; Miles City; Estevan; Oxbow; Alameda; Melita; Aweler; Wolf Point; Poplar; Oulbertson; Buford; Ambrose; Bowsell; Sherwood; Portal; Kenmare; Souris; Bottinear; Omelee; Lansford; Minot; Towner; White Earth; Stanley; Williston; Wallace; Minnewaukon; Esmond; Voltaire; Plaza; Du Souri; Missouri Riv.; Yellowstone River; Glendive; Wibau; Sentinel Butte; Medora; Dickinson; Hebron; Washbu; Sims; Mandan; Westmore; Marmarth; Norht Dakota; Manitou; Morde; Morris; Merson; Gretna; St. John; Sarles; Neche; Hannah; Rolla; Rugby; Leeds; Oberon; Sykeston; Carrington; Bismarck; Sterling; Steele; Dawson; Medina; Braddock; Napoleon; Adrian; Lamoure; Edglew; Coopers; McHenry; Devils L.; Cando; Churchs Ft.; Devils Lake; P. R. Jc.; Grand Fork; Areta; Jamestown; Sanborn; Valley City; Moorhead; Kinred; Barnesville; Winnipeg Jc.; Glyndon; Fargo; Casselton; Halstad; Ada; L. Itasca; Bemidji; Fertle; Mayville; Hillsboro; Hope; Fertile; Fosston; Crookston; Larimore; Warren; Thief River Falls; Warren; Minto; Grafton; Grayton; Red R.; Hallock; War Road; Beudette; Greenbush; Vincent; Emerson; Minnesota; International Falls; Red Lake; Black Duck; Hibbing; Leech L.; Walker; Park Rapids; Aitkin; Vermilion Lake; Tower; McKinley Virginia; Cloquet; Carlton; Hunters Isl.; Gunflint; Winton; Grand Marais; Soudan; Winton; Ely; Bwabik; Allen; Iron; Two Harbors; Duluth; Superior; Apostle Ids.; Bayfield; Ashland; Iron R.; Mason; Ironwood; Marengo; Hurley; Linkooping; Fort William; White River; Otter; Josephine; Port Arthur; L. Superior; Isle Royale; Grand Marais; Allouez; Houghton; Ontonagon; Nass; Keweenaw Bay; Keweenaw Point; Michipicoten; Bessemer; L’Anse; Nestoria; Champion; Ishpeming; Marquette; Munising; Seney; Soo; Bessemer; Sidnaw; Republic; Chaning; Lathrop; Manistique; Groesbeck; Otter; Dalton; Pardee; Chapleau; Woman River; Biscotasing; Pogamasing; Cartier; Sudbury; Montreal River; Josephine; Michipicoten Harbor; Goulais; Sault Ste. Marie; Thessalon; Algoma; Spanish River; Whitefish; Soo Jc.; Trout Lak;e St. Ignace; Mackinaw City; Grand Manitoulin Isl.; Georgian Bay; Lake Nipissing; Parry Sound; Haileybury; Lake Victoria; Lake Temiscoming; Cobalt; Lake Keepawa; Lake Kakebonga; Sturgeon Falls; North Bay; Inipissing Jc.; Mattawa; Deux Riviere; Chalk River; Ottawa R.; Powassan; Emsdale; Parry Sound; Huntsville; Haliburton; Pembroke; Renfrew; Arnprior; Ottawa; Carleton; Smiths Falls; Cornwall; Prescott; Gatineau Riv.; T. Coulonge; Buckingham; Hull; Greenville; Hawkesbury; St. Jerome; Shawenegan; Three Rivers; Jolliette; Valleyfield; Rouses Pt.; St. John; St. Constant; Montreal; St. Lawrence R.; Sorel; Nicolet; St. Henri; Kingsbury; Docets Landing; Chamberlain; Beauce Jc.; Arthabaska; Drummondville; Marbleton; Richmond; Actonvale; Sherbrooke; Coaticook; Foster; Farnham; Malone; Moira; Swanton; St. Albans; Plattsburg; New Port; Barton; Cambridge; St. Johnsbury; Cole Brook; Cogs; Berlin; Whitefield; Wood; Adriondack L.; New York; Vermont; New Hampshire; Quebec; Woodstock; Houlton; Debeck; A. Jc.; Frederickton; Chamberlain L.; Chesuncook L.; Moosehead L.; Patten; McAdams Jc.; St. Stepha; St. Ealaib; Schood L.; Seboois; Mattawankeag; Princeton; Brownville; Greenville; Bingham; Maine; Kingfield; Dover; Milo; Milford; Eastpoint; Newport; Bangor; Stronk; Burnham; Machias; Bucksport; Rumford Falls; Waterville; Mt. Desert Cy.; Mt. Desert; Augusta; Bethel; N. Conway; Mechanics Falls; Auburn; Lewiston; Belfast; Penobscot Bay; Rockland; Wiscasset; Bath; Brunswick; Coburg; Eugene; Natron; Des Chutes; Umpqua River; Marshfield; Empire; Coquille; Bandon; Cape Blanco; Port Orford; Gold Beach; Pt. St. George; Arcata; Cottage Grove; Yoncalla; Roseburg; Myrtle Point; Summer Lake; Grants Pass; Eagle Point; Upper Klamath Lake; Medford; Klamath Falls; Lower Klamath L.; Grants Pass; Eagle Point; Jacksonville; Medford; Ashland; Klamath Falls; Crescent City; Montague; Upton; McCloud; Mt. Shasta; Oregon; Day River; Prineville; Crooked R.; Burns; Harney Lake; Albert Lake; Warner Lake; Lakeview; Stein Mts.; Malheur Lake; Malheur R.; Owyhee R.; Baker City; Sumpter; Durkee; Huntington; Blue Mts.; Payette; Ontario; Vale; Council; Indian Valley; Weiser; Payette R.; Placerville; Idaho City; Emmett; Boise; Caldwell; Vale; Nampa; Murphy; Mountain Home; Delamar; Silver City; Snake; Shoshone Falls; Salmon; Silverbow; Whitehall; Sappington; Norris; Logan; Bozeman; Livingston; Dillon; Laurin; Virginia City; Crab Tree; Challis; Mackey; Ketchum; Hailey; Bellevue; Shoshone; Buhl; Minidoka; Wapi; American Falls; Pocatello; Arco; Idaho; Market Lake; Beaver; Cinnabar; St. Anthony; Wind River Range; Rexburg; Idaho Falls; Blackfoot; Rocky Mts.; Big Timber; Merrill; Laurel; Billing; Bull; Junction; Forsyth; Rosebud; Ft. Keogh; Miles City; Rockvale; Fort Custer; Tongue R.; Lodge Grass; Big Horn Riv.; Bridger; Red Lodge; Bowler; Yellowstone National Park; Frannie Cody; Stinking Water R.; Bull R.; Shoshone Mts; Thermopolis; No Water Cr.; Sheridan; Buffalo; McKinney; Parkman; Gillette; Clearmont; Moorcroft; Powder River; Wyoming; Marmarth; Cannon Ball R.; Linton; Hettinger; Lemmon; Pollock; Duroo; Ashcroft; Duroc; Glenham; Evarts; South Dakota; Moreau River; Lebau; Forest City; Gettysburg; Blunt; Aladdin; Spearfish; Deadwood; Whitewood; Sturgis; Piedmont; Rapid City; Cheyenne River; Pierre; Ft. Pierre; Philip; Black Hills; Lead; Hill City; Keystone; White Riv.; Murdo; Custer; Buffalo Gap; Sundance; Moorcroft; Cambria; New Castle; Minnekahta; Edgeley; Milnor; Wampeton; Oakes; Hankinson; Breckenridge; Fergus Fs.; Evansville; Suk Center; Wishek; Kulm; Monango; Ellendale; Eureka; Leola; Bowdle; Aberdeen; Roscoe; Ipswich; Faulkton; Orient; Redfield; Highmore; Miller; Wessington Sprs.; Wolsey; Chamberlain; Woonsocket; Mitchell; Sioux Falls; Salem; Madison; Hward Village; Iroquis; Huron; Doland; Clark; Brookings; Landreau; Loverne; Undover; Bristol; Webster; Watertown; Bradley; Millbank; Tintah; Hankinson; Lidgerwood; Brown Valley; Morris; Benson; Ortonville; Paynes; Willmar; Litchfield; Hutchinson; Madison; Granite Falls; Sedwood; Marshall; Tracy; Pipestone; Windom; St. James; New Ulm; Worthington; Wadena; Staples; Brainerd; Mille Lacs; Little Falls; Hinkley; Spooner; Milaca; Sauk Rapids; St. Cloud; Minneapolis; Anoka; St. Paul; Stillwater; Hudson; Menomonie; Hastinges; L. Minneonka; Glencoe; Norwood; Shakobee; Red Wing; St. Peter; Faribault; Wabasha; Zumbrota; Owatonna; Crystal; Waseka; Mankato; Zumbrota; Owatonna; Waseca; Albert Lea; Wells; Austin; Spring Val; Winona; Armstrong; Esterville; Garner; Mason; Cyoosage; Charles Cy.; Mason; Marengo; Hurley; Groesbeck; Watersmeet; Crystal Falls; Lac Du Flambeau; Butternut; Superior Jc.; Cameron; Ladysmith; Minocqua; Rhinelander; Turtle Lake; Eau Claire; Kennan Prentice; Chippewa Falls; Monico; Pembine; Menominee; Marnette; Antigo; Tomahawk; Merrill; Abbotsford; Wausau; Oconto; Eland; Clinton; Marshfield; Fairchild; Wisconsin; Merrillan; Trevino; Stevens Pt.; Waupaca; Grand Rapids; New London; Appleton; Neenah; Marshland; Sparta; Winona; La Crosse; Preston; Elroy; Desoto; Viroqua; Baraboo; Portage; Necedah; New Lisbon; New London; Grand Rapids; Stevens Pt.; Waupaca; Appleton; Oshkosh; Berlin; Ripon; Waupun; Channing; Lathrop; Gladstone; Iron Mtn.; Powers; Beaver Is.; Escanaba; Petoskey; Green Bay; Sturgeon Bay; Traverse Cy.; Algoma; Frankfort; Kewaunee; Green Bay; Menasha; Two Rivers; Manitowoc; Chilton; Fond Du Lac; Plymouth; Sheboygan; Charlevoix; Copemush; Manistee; Mancelona; Walton; Cadillac; Ludington; Baldwin; Big Rapids; Pent Water; Clare; Howard City; Stanton; L. Michigan; Mackinaw; Cheboygan; L. Huron; Gaylord; Alpena; Vienna; Grayling; Harrisville; Houghton L.; Au Sable; Alger; Harrison Standish; W. Bay Cy.; Saginaw; Ithaca; Ashley; Bay Cy.; Owosso; Flint; Lapeer; Saginaw Bay; Pt. Austin; Bad Axe; Harbor Beach; Goderich; Palms; Port Huron; Sarnia; Wiarton; Owen Sound Collingwood; Harriston; Kincardine; Wingham; Stratford; Meafort; Barrie; Orangeville; Toronto; Guelph; Berlin; Stratford; Galt; Burlington; Brantford; Woodstock; London; St. Thomas; St. Catharines ; Haliburton; Bracebridge; Orilia; L. Simcoe; Lindsay; Coe Hill; Peterborough; Sharbot L.; Smiths Falls; Brock V.; Belleville; Hamilton; Lockport; Whitby; Pt. Hope; Coburg; Picton; Kingston; Ogdensburg; Gouverneur; Clayton; Tupper; Carthage; Watertown; Sackets Har.; N. Creek; L. Ontario; Kent; Rochester; Charlotte; Niagra Falls; Ft. Erie; Buffalo; Cusa; Batavia; Attica; Springville; Avon; Mt. Morris; Wayland; Hornellsville; Bath; Geneva; Lyons; Cayuga; Oswego; Fulton; Syracuse; Auburn; Cortland; Ithica; Van Etten; Elmira; Owego; Hancock Jc.; Binghamton; Walton; Bloomville; Oneonta; Norwich; Herkimer; Oneida; Oneida L.; Rome; Utica; Richland; N. Creek; Sackets Har. Watertown; Carthage; Clayton; Norwood; Ogdensburg; Gouvernur; Tupper; Adirondack L.; Saran; Champlain; Burlington; Mechanics Falls; Montpelier; Barre; Warren; West Pt.; Woodstock; Leicester; Conderoga; N. Creek; Rutland; Claremont; S. Londonderry; Brattleboro; Glens Fs.; Saratoga Sprs.; Johns T.; Fonda; Amsterdam; Schenectady; Albandy; Hudson; Cairo; Catskill Mts.; Hancock Jc.; Kingston Poughkeepsie; Newburgh; Middletown; Conn.; Norwich; New London; Westfield; Holyoke; Worcester; Springfield; Woonsook; Providence; Willimantic; Fitchburg; Greenfield; Pittsfield; Athol; Bennington; Vermont; New Hampshier; Concord; Dover; Sun Cook; Manchester; Nashia; Keene; Franklin; Bristol; Laconia; Rochester; Worcester; Wiscasset; Bath; Brunswick; Portland; Saco; Biddefore; N. Berwick; York Beach; Portsmouth; Rockport; Newburyport; Lawrence; Salem; Howell; Marlboro; Salem; Lynn; Boston; Quincy; Cape Cod; Framinsham Brockton; Cape Cod; Provincetown; Plymouth; New Bedford; Springfield; Taunton; New Bedford; Buzzards Bay; Fall River; Siasoonst; Norwich; Newport; R. I.; Providence; New Bedford; Buzzards Bay; Fall River; Siasconset; Arcata; Ferndale; Cape Mendorino; North Fork; Eureka; Scotia; Blocksburg; Shasta Mts.; Upton; McCloug; Mt. Shasta; Smithson; Pitt River; Redding; Red Bluff; Ehama; Susanville; Honey Lake; California; Coast Range; Covelo; Fort Bragg; Sherwood; Pt. Arena; Ukiah; Healdssburg; Guernevilleo; Markham; Santa; Fruto; Sites; Colusa; Lakeport; Rumse; Woodland; Davisville; St. Helena; Sacramento R.; Chico; Oroville; Marysville; Nevada City; Grass Val.; Yuba Cy.; Auburn; Colfax; L. Tahoe; Goose Lake; Alturas; Madeline; Eagle Lake; Amedee; Black Rock; Desert; Smoke Cr. Desert; Wadsworth; Virginia City; Reon; Dayton; Ft. Churchill; Hot Springs; Pyramid Lake; Browns; Oreano; Winnemucca; Paradise Valley; Golconda; Iron Point; Coin; Battle Mtn.; Shoshone; Palisade; Elko; Mill City; Lewis Jc.; Bridges; Alpha Cherry; Franklin L.; Ruby L.; Silver City; Nevada; Shoshone Falls; Buhl; Twin Falls; Albion; McCammon; Swan Lake; Malad City; Bear R.; Soda Springs; Montpelier; Paris; Preston; Deeth; Wells; Toana; Cobre; Ullin; Lugin; Terrace; Kelton; Halleck; American Desert; Great Salt Lake Cy.; Great Salt L.; Kolmar; Cache Jc.; Garfield; Beaon; Grantsville; Tooele; Bingham; Leh City; Mercur; Pleasant Grove; Sandy; Smithfield; Logan; Hyrum; Brigham; Ogden; Kaysville; Bountiful; Echo City; Coalville; Ft. Douglas; Park Cy.; Aeta; Herber; American Fork; Provo City; Uintah Mts.; Sage; Almy; Evanston; Wyoming; Lander; Shoshont; Mokona; Platte Riv.; Casper; Glen Rock; Douglas; Wendover; Hartville Jc.; Sweetwater R.; Atlantic City; Big Piney; Waterfall; Granger Green River; Rock Springs; Patrick; Red Desert; Creston; Rawling; Walcott; Dana; Hanna; Allen; Bridger; Green R.; Encampment; Centennial; Collins; Wyocolo; Laramie; Vernal; Hahns Peak; Ft. Collins; Stout; White Riv.; Custer; Minnekahta; Buffalo Gap; Hot Springs; Edgemont; Pine Ridge; Rosebud; Merriman; Cody; Orin; Lusk; Sunrise; Guernsey; Mitchell; Border; Horse Creek; Ft. Russell; Cheyenne; Grover; Carr; Buckingham; Burns; Crook; Dakota Jc.; Chadron; Niobrara River; Crawford; Rushville; Valentine; Ft. Niobrara; Hemingford; Alliance; Hyannis; Mullen; Ainsworth; Thedford; Dunning; Ellsworth; Nebraska; Bridgeport; Kimball; Sidney; uceburg; Northport Jc.; North Platte; Oglala; Wallace; Grant; Curt; Broken Bow; Callaway; Vroman; Cozad; Chamberlain; Gregory; Bonesteel; Platte; Mitchell; Armour; Tripp; Kindall; Bassett; Stuart; Verdigris; New Castle; Bloomfield; Creighton; Plainview; Wayne; O’Neill; Norfolk; Humphrey; Neligh; Merna; Sargent; Burwell; Ord; Arcadia; Lexington; Boelos; Central Cy.; Grand Isl.; Ericson; Greeley; Albion; Cedar Rps.; Columbus; Stromsburg; York; Lincoln; Madison; Salemn; Sioux Falls; Loverine; Worthington; Fairmont; Parker; Canton; Centerville; Ankton; Vermillion; Ponca; Emerson; W. Point; Onawa; Tekamah; Mondamin; N. Bend; Schyler; Blair; Fremont; David Cy.; Wahoo; Ashland; Plattsmouth; Omaha; Rook Rapids; Esterville; Sibley; Sheldon; Spencer; Storm; Sioux Rapids; Fonda Cherokee; Le Marb; Vermillion; Elk Point; Sac Cy.; Sioux City; Moville; Sioux; Wal Lake; Ida Gr.; Rodne; Ute; Manilla; Harlan; Mo. Val.; Avoca; Council Bluffs; Read Oak; Glenwood; Sidney; Iowa; Fairmont; Wells; Lea; Austin; Emmetsburg; Algona; Armstrong; Burt; Garnet; Mason Cy.; Osage; Charles Cy.; Rolfe; Eagle Grove; Clarion; Belmond; Charles Cy.; Hampton; Fonda; Rockwell Cy.; Ft. Dodge; Webster Cy.; Iowa Fs.; Cedar Fs.; Waterbloo; Eldora; Story Cy.; Lake Cy.; Jefferson; Nevada; State Cen; Carroll; Denison; Boone; Marshalltown; Tama; Perry; Des Moines; Newton; Monroe; Belle Plaine; Grinnell; Pella; Atlantic; Knoxville; Winterset; Villisca; Afton; Orient; Chariton; Creston; Clarinea; Osceola; Center; Albia; Ottumwa; Indianoe; Evans Grinnell; Preston; Creoo; New Hampton; Decora; Waukon; N. McGregor; Sumner; Oelwein; Manchester; Independence; Oneida; Delaware; Traer; Cedar Rap; Marion; Dubuque; Anamosa; Maquoket; Sabula; Iowa City; Grinnell; Montezuma; Skaloosa; Hedreick; Musga; Washington; Fairfield; mt. Pleasant; Burlington; Wapello; W. Liberty; Elroy; Desoto; Viroqua; Baraboo; Prarie Du Chien; One Rock; Woodman; Montfort; Lancaster; Platte V.; Darlington; Monroe; Galena; Savanna; Fulton; Denrock; Rock Island; Keithsburg; Mohmouth; Galesburg; Waupun; Portage; Watertown; Port Washington; Conomowoo; Milwaukee; Wukesha; Eagle; Madison; Janesville; L. Geneva; Beldit; Burlington; Racine; Kenosha; Waukegan; Freeport; Rockford; Forreston; Dixon; Rochelle; Elgin; Hammond; Aurora; Wyanet; Joliet; Ottawa; La Salle; Streator; Lacon; Galva; Kankakee; Momence; Dwight; Pontiac; El Paso; Peoria; Gilman; Mackinaw; Bloomington; Pekin; Howard City; Stanton; Muskegon; Cedar Sprs.; Ionia; Grand Haven; Grand Rapids; Holland; Allegan; Hastings; Charlotte; Kalamazoo; Battle Creek; Jaukron; Coldwater; South Haven; Benton Har.; St. Joseph; Niles; Sturgis; South Bend; Michigan Cy.; Laporte; Elkhart; Goshen; Kendall; Plymouth; Valparaiso; Momence; N. Hudson; Ft. Wayne; Monon; Logansport; Huntington; Wabash; Delphos; Decatur; Kokomo; Delph; Marion; Frankfort; Ashley; Owosso; Flint; Lapeer; Port Huron; Sarnia; Durand; Lansing; Howell; Plymouth; L. St. Clair; Glencoe; Detroit; Ann Arbor; Windsor; Ypsilanti; Hillsdale; Adrian; Monroe; Sandusky; Toledo; Montpelier; Napoleon; Fremont; Deshler; Bellevue; Tiffin; Fostoria; Findlay; Bucyrus; Kenton; Galion; Marion; Mt. Vernon; Ohio Cy.; Lima; Sidney; Bellefontaine; Newark; Urbana; Glencoe; Chatham; Port Burwell; St. Catherines; Dunkirk; Mayville; Chautaugua L.; Erie; Girard; Ashtabula; Paines V.; Cleveland; Lorain; Bellevue; Akron; Youngstown; Warrn; Sharon; Union Cy.; Meadville; Oil City; Mercer; Lodi; Mansfield; Massillon; Canton; Stuebenville; Butler; Allegheny; Wesllsburg; Bellaire; Cambridge; Zanesville; Wheeling; Benwood; Moundsville; Uniontown; Ohio; Dayton; Cuba; Jamestown; Lean Addison; Bath; Corning; Ulysses; Cory; Bradford; Warren; Lawrenceville; Coldersport; Mt. Jewett; Blossburg; Emporium; Ridgway; Brockwayville; Clarion; Driftwood; Williamsport; Lockhaven; Pennsylvania; Clearfield; Punxsutawney; Indiana; Pittsburg; McKeesport; Connells; Confluence; Rockwood; Cumberland; Chambersburg; Gettysburg; Shippensburg; Harrisburg; Mt. Union; Johns T.; Cresson; Altoona; Tyrone; Bellefonte; Emira; Owego; Sayre; Montbose; Towanda; Canton Carbon; Honesdale; Pt. Jervis; Wilkesbarre; Scranton; Dale; Boonton; Strousburg; Sunbury; Bloomsburg; Mauch Chunk; Easton; Shamokin; Easton; Newark; Pottsville; Port Royal; Allentown; Boundbrook; Reading; Lebanon; Harrisburg; Carlisle; Pottstown; New Brunswick; Lancaster; York; Philadelphia; Wilmington; Westminster; New Castle; Elkton; Smyrn; Frederick; Chester T.; Baltimore; Annapolis; Queen; Middletown; Newburgh; Campbell; West Pt.; Pompton; New Jersey; Paterson; Passaic; Newark; Camden; Freehold; Seaside Park; Barnegat; Beach Haven; Tuckerton; Atlantic City; Millville; Long Beach; Nantucket; Newport; Narragansett Bay; Westerly; New London; Montauk; Amagansett; Sag Harbor; Greenport; New Haven; Long Island; Jefferson; Babylon; Hempstead; Brooklyn; New York; Jersey City; Sandy Hook; Long Branch; Trenton; Seaside Park; Freehold; Barnegat; Beach Haven; Tuckerton; Atlantic; Santa Rosa; Hevena; Sacramento; Elmira; Suisun; Benicia; Galt; Lejo; San Anselmo; San Rafael; Sausalito; San Francisco; San Mateo; Santa Clara; Felton; Santa Cruz; Watsonville; Salinas; Monterey; Pt. Sur; Cape San Martin; San Ardo; Suisun; Benicia; Avon; Oakland; Alameda; Niles; San Jose; Newman; Hollister; Tres Pinos; Los Sanos; Madera; Kerman; Jouquin R.; Gonzales; San Lucas; Alcalde; Carson City; Mason; Catons; Rawhide; Gillis; Placerville; Walker L.; Hawthorne; Luning; Bodie; Valley Springs Mono Dake; Wood Camp; Candelaria; Queen; Hammill; Goldfield; Silver Peak; Sonora; Berendo; Raymond; Pollaky; Fresno; Hanford; Armona; Goshen; Visal; Mt. Whitney; Alvord; Bullfrog; Keeler; Owens L.; Nevada; Austin; Eureka; Hamilton; Duck Water; Geyser; Belmont Tonopah; Hot Creek Mts.; Goldfield; Rhyolite; Goldcenter; Pioche; Caliente; Fryberg; Mormon R.; Utah L.; Spanish Fork; Springville; Thisle; Ironton; Eureka; Payson; Pleasant Val.; Neph; Moroni; Leamington; Ephraim; Scofield; Price; Mt. Pleasant; Manti; Utah; Sevier Lake; Neels; Fillmore; Black Rock; Milford; Frisco; Lund; Uvada; Cedar City; St. George; Kanab; Mineral Range; Parowan; Panguitch; Junction; Beaver; Semier R.; Marysville; Richfield; Monroe; Teasdale; Cainesville; Wasatoh Mts.; Castle Dale; Green River; Monticello; Vernal; Green R.; Bear R.; White R.; Meeker; Glenwood Sprs.; New Castle; De Beque; Grand Jc.; Utaline; Grassy; Desert; Cisco; Aspen Jc.; Anthracite; Ruby; Delta; Crested Butte; Baldwin; Moab; Montrose; Lake Jc.; Aberdeen; Ridgeway; Telluride; Ouray; Vance Jc.; Silverton; Rico; Dolores; Bluff; Steamboat Springs; Loveland; Arkino; Boulder; Sunset; Gypsum; Lafayette; Golden; Central Cy.; Idaho Sprs.; Georgetown; Frisco; Red Cliff; Aspen Jc.; Leadville; Aspen; Granite; Gunnison; Farlin; Monarch; Vielagrove; Saguache; Moffatt; Creede; Wagon Wheel; Como; London; Colorado Cy.; Manitou; Buena Vista; Gripple Cr.; Salida; Canyon Cy.; Florence; Orient; West Fl.; Salt Cr.; Brighton; Greeley; Hardin; Willard; Buckingham; Crook; Fleming; Holyoke; Sterling; Laird; Goodrich; Ft. Lupton; Erie; Hudson; Wiggins; Ft. Morgan; Brush; Akron; Yuma; Scranton; Byers; Agate; Claremont; Burlington; Elizabeth; Denver; Palmer; Ramah; Limon; Flagleb; Cheyenne; Wells; Falcon; Hugo; Colorado Sprs.; Pikes Pk.; Kit Carson; Pinon; Pueblo; West Cliffe; Salt Cr.; Nepesta; Oroway; Galatea; Cucharas Jc.; Rocky Ford; La Junta; Sheridan Lake; Imperial; McCoock; Holdrege; Beavercity; Republican R.; Culsertson; Benkelman; Herndon; Atwood; St. Francis; Oberlin; Norton; Goodland; Sharon Sprs.; Wallace Colby; Winona; Oakley; Lenora; Hoxie; Hill City; Wa Keeney; Smoky Hill; La Crosses; Horace; Leoti; Syracuse; Lakin; Scott; Dighton; Utica; Ness City; Garden Cy.; Jetmore; Kearney; Aurora; Harvard; Kenesaw; Minden; Holdrege; Alma; Hastings; Republican Cy.; Lester; Red Cloud; Almena; Long Island; Mankato; Belle; Norton; Phillipsburg; Logan; Kirwin; Smith; Concord; Stockton; Alton; Downs; Beloit; Minneapolis; Hill City; Plainville; Luray; Lincoln; Russell; Hays; Ellsworth; Salina; Genese; Hoisington; Great Bend; Lyon; Larned; Sterling; Hutchinson; Kansas; Colorado; Leward; Button; Crete; Nebraska; Tecumseh; Geneva; Fairfield; Dewitt; Beatrice; Fairbury; Wymore; Marsy; Washington; Belle; Greenleaf; Blue Rap; Clay Cen; Clyde; Clifton; Miltonvale; Manhattan; Manchester; Junction Cy.; Solomon; Kansas R.; Abilene; White City; Herrington; McPherson; Canton; Marion; Florence; Strong; Newton; Burlington; Leon; Yates; Council Gr.; N. C. Jc.; Sidney; Clarina; Shenandoah; Roseberry; Grant Cy.; Corning; Mary; Auburn; Falls Cy.; Bigelow; Napier; Seneca; Savannah; St. Joseph; Sabetha; Hiawatha; Horton; Goff; Holton; Atchison; Westmoreland; Meride; Cameron; St. Marys; Leavenworth; Alma; Topeka; Burlingame; Lawrence; Arsentire; Olathe; Ottawa; Paola; Osaw; Osage Cy.; Garnett; Emporia; Ft. Scott; Diagonal; Seymour; Centerville; Mississippi; Caines V.; Lancaster; Princeton; Memphis; Bethany; Albany; Trenton; Milan; Patjonsburg; Galt; Linneus; Alexandria; Kirksville; Brookfield; Bucklin; Mays V.; Laclede; Cameron; Chillicothe; Bevier; Macon; Kingston; Plattsburg; Carrollton; Brunswick; Liberty; Kansas; Richmond; Salisbury; Moberly; Glasgow; New Franklin; Marshall; Lexington; Independence; Holden; Sedalia; K. C. Jc.; Pleasant Hill; Harrison V.; Osawatomie; Clinton; Butler; Rich Hill; Warsaw; Jefferson Cy.; Osage R.; Bagnell; Osceola; Dixon; Ft. Madison; Dllas Cy.; Laharpe; Keokuk; Bushnell; Delavan; Carthage; Havana; Edina; Plata; Quincy; Shelby; Monroe Cy.; Paris; Hannibal; Perry; Centralia; Mexico; Columbia; Fulton; Troy; St. Peters; Warrenton; St. Charles; Portland; Herman; Belle; Owens V.; Dixon; Union; Pacific; St. Louis; Hillsboro; Cuba; Rolla; Potosi; Crystal Cy.; De Soto; Bonneterre; Farmington; Bushnell; Carthage; Havana; Beardstown; Clayton; Quincy; Springfield; Bluffs; Jacksonville; Auburn; Girard; Roundhouse; Litchfield; Bloomington; Mackinaw; Gibson Cy.; Lafayette; Champaign; Danville; Clinton; Crawfodsville; Indianapolis; Decatur; Bement; Charleston; Mattoon; Taylor; Pawnee; Pana; Neoga; Cowden; Ramsey; Effingham; Marshall; Bloominton; Robinson; Olney; Vincennes; Lawrence V.; Flora; Ramsey; Altamont; Alton; Vandalia; E. St. Louis; Salem; Belleville; Centralia; Sparta; Duquon; Benton; Eldorado; Carbondale; Chester; Farmington; Bonneterre; Mt. Vernon; Mt. Carmel; Carm; Fairfield; Vincennes; Illinois; Frankfort; Elwood; Muncie; Elwood; Anderson; New Castle; Richmond; Rushville; Hamilton; Shelbyville; Cincinnati; Brazil; Terre Haute; Greensburg; Columbus; Covington; Lawrenceburg; Madison; Bedford; Sullivan; Washington; Paoli; Jeffersonville; Ohio R.; Huntingburg; Princeton; Evansville; Rockport; Cannelton; New Albany; Owensboro; Irvinton; West Pt.; Shelby; Lawrenceburg; Lebanon; La Grange; Covington; Franklin; Union Cy.; Sidney; Urbana; Piqua; Zanesville; Thurston; Dayton; Xenia; Lancaster; Logan; Washington C. H.; Circley; Marietta; Athens; Chillicothe; Midland; Portsmouth; Gallipolis; Ironton; Maysville; Newport; Falmouth; Cynthiana; Greenup; Frankfort; Ashland; Paris; Catlettsburg; Kenova; Wayne; Morehead; Winchester; Bubgin; Richmond; Danville; Jackson; Richardson; Williamson; Kentuckyy; Charleston; Wayne; Lexington; Morehead; Catlettsburg; Ashland; Louisa; Kenova; Cumberland Mts.; Greenup; Moundsville; New Martins V.; Sisters V.; Mannington; Fairmont; St. Marys; Grafton; Parkersburg; Clarksburg; Weston; Buchannon; Elkins; Beverly; Burning Sprs.; Spencer; Ripley; Pt. Pleasant; Huntington; Olendenin; Sutton; Clay; West Virginia; Holly; Addison; Marlinton; Richwood; Coalburg; Jaeger; Fayette; Raleigh; Hinton; Ronceverte; New Castle; Salem; Bluefield; Welch; Powhatan; Pocahontas; New River Dep.; Tazewell; Wytrevilee; Rocky Mt.; Appalachian Mts.; Virginia; Pulaski; Green Sprs.; Martinsburg; Baltimore; Brunswick; Charles; Keyser; Ries; Jon; Oakland; Davis; Thomas; Hendricks; Monterey; Durbin; Harrisonburg; Leesburg; Alexandria; Winchester; Romney; Strasburg; Manassas; Mechanics V.; Popes Cr.; Calverton; luray; Fredericksburg; Elkton; Stautnon; Basic Cy.; Clifton Forge; Lexington; Roanoke; Lynchburg; Orange Gordons V.; Doswell; Charlottesville; James R.; Richmond; Warren; Columbia; Cumberland; Manchester; Burkeville; Claremont; Farmville; Keysville; S. Boston; Danville; Petersburg; Franklin; Emporia; Clarksville; Ridgeway; Annapolis; Dover; Queens; Upper Marlboro; Claiborne; Oxcord; Cambridge; Washington; Potomac R.; Chesapeake Bay; Richmond; West Pt.; Williamsburg; Newport News; Portsmouth; Suffolk; Ocean City; Cape May; Delaware Bay; Beauford; Lewes; Georgetown; Laurel; Salisbury; Ocean City; Crisfield; Accomac; Cape Charles; Fortress Monroe; Norfolk; Virginia Beach; Munden; Virginia; Mariland; Del.; Atlantic Ocean; San Miguel; San Luis Obispo; Pt. Harford; Guadaloupe; Pt. Arguello; Santa Cruz Isl.; Santa Rosa Isl.; San Nicolas Isl.; Tulane; Tulare; Pland; Famoso; Bekersfield; Kern; Owens L.; Death Valley; Freeman; Randsburg; Mojave; Kramer; Kern L.; Olig; Santa Maria; Lompoc; Los Olivos; Elwood; Santa Barbara; Lancaster; Ventura; Oxnard; Saugus; Santa Monica; Redondo; San Pedro; Santa Catalina Isl.; Chatsworth; Los Angeles; Pasadena; Monrov; Chino; San Bernardino; Redlands; Colton; Riverside; Pomona; Corona; Orange; Santa Ana; Pt. of Rocks; Desert Mts.; St. Thomas; Moapa; Virgin Riv.; Armagosa R.; Randsburg; Barstow; Daggett; Borate; Purdy; Ivanpah; Searchlight; Las Vegas; Ludlow; Ash Hill; Goffs; Needles; Danby; Stedman; Seven Palms; Parker; White Hills; Peach Sprs.; Chloride; Kingman; Congress; Kanab; Grand Canon; Colorado River; San Juan River; Seligman; Ash Fork; Williams; Flagstaff; Canon Dablo; Little Colorado R.; St. Joseph; Hackbury; Gorman; Jerome Jc.; Prescott; Jerome; P. Jc.; Babbitt; Winslow; Arizona; Mancos; Juan River; Rockwood; Pagosa Sprs.; Lumberton; Farminton; Aztec; Elvada; Holbrook; Navajo; Houck; Gallup; Wingate; Thoreau; Blue Water; Cubero; Albuquerque; Bernalill; Ft. Wingate; Eldridge; Rio Puerco; St. Johns; Creede; Wagon Wheel Gap; Del Norte; Salt Cr.; Walsenburg; Cucharas Jc.; Rouse Jc.; Rouse; Alamosa; Antonito; Garland; Trinidad; Chama; Catskill; Raton; Blossburg; Tierra Amarilla; No Agua; Caliente; del Norte; Cliftonhouse; Corta; Springer; Levy; Shoemaker; Hot Springs; Salona; East Lass Vegas; Fulton; Lamy; Tucumcari; New Mexico; Rocky Mts.; Arkansas Riv.; Coolidge; Delhi; Las Animas; Lamar; Holly; Springfield; Ulysses; Trinidad; Springfield; Folsom; Des Moines; Greenville; Guymon; Clayton; Stratford; Dalhart; Bravo; Naravisa; Logan; Channing; Tascosa; Amarillo Canyon; Oklahoma; N. Fk. Of Canadian; Liberal; Garden Cy.; Jetmore; Kinsley; Cimarron; Dodge City; Meade; Bucklin; Macksville; Pratt; Medicine; Coldwater; Ashland; Dodge; Hazelton; Kiowa; Englewood; Optima; Beaver; Buffalo; Alva; Augusta; Woodward; Gages; Homestead; Okeene; Higgeins; Arnett; Watonga; Geary; Arapaho; Weatherford; Lk City; Anadarko; Hutchinson; Newton; El Dorado; Stafford; Wichita; Kingham; Lodge; Wellington; Kiowa; Arlington; Medford; Kigersoll; Waynoka; Pond Rc.; Billings; Enid; Perry; Stillwater; Hennessey; Kingfisher; Bristow; Okarche; Geary; Edmond; Ft. Reno; El Reno; Oklahoma; Norman; Burlington; Ft. Scott; Leon Yates Gen.; Eureka; Chanute; Iola; Girard; Fredonia; Cherryvale; Parsons; Oswego; Columbus; Moline; Independence; Coffeyville; Newkirk; Blackwell; Ohetcra; Galenao; Nowata; Miami; Afton; Barlesville; Chelsea; Afton; Miami; Vinita; S. W. City; Collinsville; Pawnee; Siloam; Claremore; Benton V.; Tulsa; Wagoner; Ft. Gibson; Westville; Tahlequah; Stillwell; Sap Ulpa; Musk Note:

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Page  98 Dimensions of the Earth. ''^t^ ''aioa Mlaeofhe old Earhs Axs.........................., 899.4; COUNTRIES. CAPITALS. AREA.CO M R ETA T T r c.AFI: Land Surface,........................ 52,58OO A,,gentina........Buenos Aires 1,319,247 S~2~4,?,o,2 497525?o~8$ 27300?3o 6,5,o X..\ ntdSae.T tl e~ pt.T tl e aiaT tl PrC pt M ^:::::::: I Water Surface;;........................... 147;o6oo65 Australasia.........Melbourne 2,972,5733,7, 5281174 104654427 410,5,037314,4,0............ o e 11,433283 3,3 51,6,0,007.8 7 00 00S i 8 4200g wcpeol y.............. 368 Total............................ i99,i5mu Austria-u ng r Vi......... rsels 1,7n,7,na4,i, 25405,7 12 2,57001. 1650,024o,9............S o l 8,042,2oo2710.....T ie o ic^ n ~ ~:::::::::::::::::: '4 Sq.Mi es. s Sq. Milei Bolivia............La Paz 567,430 1^2^ 6966lo6234,lo.936300. i.......... eio 7705Iol 227 8 7 ^ w10 7' ~ ^ 4 rnh u~a........... 8 Pacifle......7,00,0 Antar-tic......s.. mo<o B razil................. Rio de Janeiro 3,209,8-8,3,1 115555063963.2I7.9.~.~9,6,o ~ d....... h au W140^75& S ^. 8'2o'o'o ^o ~ oT^^ n r ~.::::;:::; Atlantic.... C ba................H vaa5,000157m7 7 176,5....... 1,9 00....1.55.00....a ia...........,.c ars04,37,09009 186 527 77u0lgaria Sofia 38 orhrnNiera.............. 2 Pr'a~ i ncipke al Sal Lakes.~o C:hl..ad r.......................Q io 12,0,7181an 576684.752800.24,4ao oo0D m ng...Sat o igo 24,6ooo170,7:621,4)09,82009 l oo 'll ~ bi::::::::::::::: ea~spa Sea....... A sia 418eF a c............. P r s 2 4 0 23. ^ 9 04 7 3 75,56 0, 0 5.26 5 2 6 0 0I.56 520,000 84 belo sea.................... B n k k 3 0 0 05 0 0 00..........J... P ekin00 4,218,401l '! ^:::::::::: ^ ^^l Sea of A a.......Asria 26300 26 _ abovesea. Colom ban............ B erog0,3o949toa7,6,9 6 88 94 0n 9 4 58 3o o84 532 oo o98 pan... * * * * ** * * 47d1)1 7627,9.731,7,8,6,3 99 21 07 9,0 7 0 0 81 7 46 0 O QT ns.................. Eyre ~ a onr.S.M t bv rec........... te s 2,14243863999t977i66.51,640060 437oo58 wteln........... Australia 4en 1,7,1,4 0,5 740575i 0 0,000 70 Cub 2 006 0Toa............................ Havaa46,00 Titicaca............ N w uaem la 4829 So. Am. 3,84001.12,34.3 204100,.28216,00Denmrayrk..** **.......a..npl.1,1800.4,4..0035.47C2312,4enhaog1en00 26818500,28AIA Vanhiga..............Asia. 2A00t 58,465 Ecuadond r..................... Quit5o 0120YO0,4070141,7,0017,2400 * 215 U uuy...^ ****.*M nevd o 7,109808154,1 2,328712 1 6 0 0074 ~ ^ ooK?Bkaa................. 8 Urumyiah.......... Asia. 217730 4,0...................... Cairo 6.6 40010,00660Cl2oo~3 7 7 ^ ^ o.6^ ^~ous eeul.......... aaa 9393230002.3.2 93 5>4 08:i8oo29;2;oo2i ^ *'t:':::::::::::: De~ad Asia. 444 1,312 beloi sea. France.........0^ giue1 ^ ^ g - _ ____ 0 ^ 6___ _ ___ 5 E ^ ^ ^ -~ ~g^~ e ^^ ' I 5 __ ^ _ 0~ 5 2 0Ln~ d at4 rm 2 rewc 0 2 52 fdrtdM lySae................ Pai 0,9 Ngam.......................... Africa 33 3,0 abv se German Berlin 201118,830".?6tlel5 E~ "^ trm~^ ~t^ ^ 18 Q -6" 1~ l5 Q 1 ^ o ^ " *" ^^ "" ^ g T oi7 ~enih ^ ^t 51 '- lllli"lllllll^ go 1111^ 111111 ^ ^ ^^* ^ ^ II 1^ 1^^ ^ ^ ^ ^y'*i"111^^ '-- ^.9^ngl..........''"'''*'''**''''*...... *ri u i p a F r e h'.e L a e s G r a B r t i a n r l n.... o d n 1 2, 7 Area, Elev. * Title: Map of the World Keywords: Cape Chelyoshin; North East Cape; St. Thaddeus. Bay; Taimur Bay; Taimur Isl. L. Taimur; Khatanga Bay; Nordwik Bay; Legato R. Rapigaiskoe; Ust Anabarkoe; Olenek; Sakalova; Govriga; Anabara R.; Khota Riv; Khatang R.; Michaelova; Russian Empire; ; Seganka; Krasnoi; Shigansk; Marka R.;Turishshk; Tunguska R.; Siberia; Villiui R.; Olekminsk; Vitimsk; Angara R.; Asain; Yeniseisk; Krasnoiarsk; Bratskoi; Vitim R.; Lake; Baikal; Saiansk Mts.; Bratskoi; Irkutsk; Dzidozilik; Baikal; Chita Ono R.; Picban; Shashai; Pekin; Mukden; Urga; Aroon; Barkul; Jungaria; Selega; Uliassutai; Mongolia; East Turkestan; Chinese Empire; Vulin; Tientsin; Koko L; Tibet; Chingtu; Lassa; Singanfu; Hankau; Hoanaho or Yellow R; Vulin; Yenngan; Tienstin; Taiyuan; Nign; Tsina; Singanfu Nankin; Hankau; Wuchiang; Shanghai; G of Pechili; Pnnakh; Bhomn; India (British); Yunnan; Bhamo; Chiuaging; Mandalay; Tonkin; China; Yangtze R; Changsha; Nanchang; Queiyang; Fuchau; Queling; Canton; Macao(P.OR); Amoy; Formosa Strait; Hongkong(BR); Kwanchauwan(FR); G of Tonkin; Bay of Bengal; Kiangmaio; Rangoon; Siam; Bungkok; G of Martaoan; Mergui; Andaman Is.; Gilf of Siam; FR. INIO Chna; Hue; Cambodia; Hue; China Sea; Kiungehau; Haiman; Manila; Min doro Isl.; Palawan Isl; Baliatong; Nicobar Is.; Acheen; Sungora; Penaug; HOG I.(D); Polo Nias (D); Sumgtra (Dutch); Pen; M. Jacca; Str. of Malacca; Singapore; C. Cambodia; GT. Natunas ISL; Brune; Kuching; Elopora; Borver(BR); Brune; Awarank; Batu Isl (D); Siriu ISL. (Dur); Bencoolen; Sunda Strait; Sunda; Banka ISL.; Borneo (Dutch); Pasin; Batavia; Java Sea; Macassar; Floris Sea; Java; Surabaya; Pasir; (DUT); MALAASIA; SUNDA ISLANDS; Sumbawa ISL. (DUT.); Sandal Wood ISL. (DUT.) ; Indian Ocean; C. Preston; N.W. CAPE; Steep PT. Northampton; Roebourno; Western Australia; Australia; Dongarra; Perth, Williamsburg; Bunbury; C. Leeuwin; Albany; Gulvero; Budo Land; KMOX LAND; WILKE LAND Nordenskjold Sea; Saunikof Land; Bennett ISL.; LIAKEF ISLANDS or NEW Siberia; BIELKOVA ISL.; KOTELNOI ISL.; Bennett ISL.; Faoievsko. ISL.; C. Medvedshu; Maloi ISL.; LIAKOF ISL.; Barkin; Mouths of the Lena river; Borkhays B.; Manic Isl.; O. Sviatoi; Ust Vansk; Kromskaia; Kroma R.; Bulun; Olenek River; Lena River; Arctic; Verkhalansk; Indigirka R.; Yana R.; Sredni Kolynsk; Zashiversk; Verkhoanskoi MTS.; E. Viliuisk; Yakustsk; Taen Arinskaia; Lena R.; Amginskaia; Alskh; Aldan R.; Yunskara; Tauiskaia; Khotsk; Nelkan; Olekma R.; STANOVO; Udskoi; Port Aiane; Shantarski Is.; C. Elaizateth; Sea of Okhostsk; Amur R. ; Blagovestchensk; Manghuria; Khabarovka; Karlar; Mergen; Tsitakar; Sungarri R.; Petuua; Kirin; Ningouta; Langri; SAKHALIN (RUSSIA); PARAMUSHIR IS.; Nikolaievsk; ISL. (Japan); G of Turtery; Le Perouse Strait; Vladivostok; Patience B.; Kunashiri Isl.; Yezo; Sapporo; Port Arthur(Jap. ); Korea; Scoul; Weihaiwan (Br.); Kiaochau (Ger.); Yellow Sea; Nagasaki; Janpan Sea; Korea Strait; Sado Isl.; Kyot; Osaka; Shikoku; Kiushu; Japan; Hondo; Tokyo; Yokohama; Hakodato; Aomori; Sanmun; OSHIMA; Shuri; Riu Kiu Is. (Japan); Formosa (Japan); Channel; Apari; Luzon; Bonin Is. (Japan); Volcano Is.; Manila to HONOLULU; Ladrone Islands(GER); Saypan Guam (U.S.); Samar ISL.; Phillippine Islands (U.S.) Mindanao; Mindanao; Pana; Jolo Sea; Jolo; Hongkong to APIA; Celebes Sea; Gilolo ISl.; Molucca Pass; Palaos is.; VAP; Egoi IS.; Caroline Islands (GER.); Micronesia; Melanesia; Celebes(Dutch); Geram (D.); Boeroe (D.); Banda Sea; Eloris Isl. (D.); (Port.); Admiralty IS. (GER.); (Dutch); Bismarck Arch; New Guinea (Ger.); Aroe IS.; Fred Henry Is.; Arafura Sea; (BR.); Wilbelm Is.; Terros Str.; C. York; Somereset; Gulf of Carpentaria; Timor Isl.; Bathurst Isl.; Cambridge G.; Palmersion; Hebron; Noin; Kings Sound; Broome; Normantown; Northern Territory; Oceania; Cooktown; China Str.; Bowen; Boula; Amadous L.; Queensland; Australia (British); Port Eucla; South Eyre L.; Australia; Great Australian Bight; Kangaroo Isl.; Speneer; Carling R.; New South Wales; Warwick; Prot augusta; Adelaido; Kington; Portland; Victoria; Melbaurne; Bass Strait; Tasmania(British); Hobart; Cape Howe; Furneaux Group; Launceston; Royal Co. Isl.(Brit); Northland; Adelil Land; MIDNIGHT; Henrietta Isl.; Heannette Isl.; Arctic Ocean; Mouths of the Indigirka River; Allaika; Alazaid R.; Bear Is. ; Nijni Kolymsk; C. Medveii; Aiun Isl.; Wrangel Isl.; C. Chelakhsai; C. Yakan; Chaoun R.; Takokagin; Circle; Kolyma R.; Mountains; Ghijign; Penjinsk; Anadirskoi; Anadir R.; Olutorsk; Tamsk; G of Chijinsk; G of Penjinsk; Tigilsk; Kamchatka; ST. Matthew Isl. (U.S.); C. Olutorsk; Karaginsk Isl.; C. Ozernoi; Nijni Kamchatka; Bering Isl. (Rus.); Copper ISL. (Rus.); Kear Is.; G of Kronotski; Boisheretsk; Kurily Strait; Cape Lopatka; Potropavlovsk; RAT Is.; Andreanof; Aleutain Islands (U.S.) ; Kurile Is. (Japan); Yokohama to Port Townsend; Yokohama to San Francisco; North Pacific Ocean; Cure Isl.; Midway Isl.; Lisiansky Is.; Laysan isl.; Garoner Isl.; Birds Isl.; Wake Isl. (U.S.); Tropic of Cancer; Honolulu; International Date Line; Marshall Is. (Ger.); Gilbert Is. (Br.); Howland Isl. (Br.); Palmyra Isl. (BR.); Phoenix Is. (Br.); Solomon Islands; Marcus Isl.; Los Jardines Isl.; Ponap isl.; Greenwich Isl. (Ger); New New Bougainwille (Ger.); Mecklenburg Isl. (Ber); New Britain(Ger.); Choiseol; N. Georgia (Br.); Sapel (Ger.); Malayta (Br.); Polynesia; Guadalcanar; S. Christoval; Lousiade Arch (BR.); Rennell (B.); Espir Tu Santo; Santa Cruz Is. (Br.); Lagoon or Ellice (Br.); Coral Sea; Huon Isl.(FR.); New Hebrides (FR. & Br.); Vanua Levu; Viti Levu; New Caledonia (FR.); Rockhampton; Brisbane; Newcastle; Sydney; Lord Hove Isl. (Br.); Loyalty Is.; Norfolk Isl. (Br.); North Cape; North Island; Auckland; New Plymouth; Nelson; Hokitika; Christchurch; Napier; East Cape; Wellington; New Zealand (BRI.); South Island; Cape Providence; Stewart Isl.; Dunedin; Invercargill; Auckland Isl. (Brit.); Campbell Isl. (Brit.); Macquarie Isl. (Brit.); Emerald Isl. (Brit.); Monday; Sunday; Victoria Land; Herald Isl.; Point Barrow; Icy Cape; C. Lisburne; Initkilly; PT. Hope; Smith Bay; C. Halket; Colville R.; Ft. Morton; Kotzebue Sound; Bering Strait; Alaska (United States); Gulf of Anadia; C. Chukotski; St. Lawrence Isl.(U.S.); C. Navarin; C. Romanzof Nelson Isl.; St. Michael; Norton Sd.; C. Pr of Wales; Nome; Koukuk; Yukon R; Anvik; Kuskoquir R.; Nuklukayet; Tanana R.; Mr. Wrangel; Konai; Bering Sea; Pribilof Is. (U.S.); Nunivak Isl.; Kuskoauin B.; c. Nevenham; Dutch Harber; Umak ISl.; Hiawna L.; Ft. Alexander; Bristol B.; Alaska pen; Unimak. Isl.; Shumagin Is.; Trinity Is.; Kadiak Isl.; Gulf of Alaska; Afognak Isl.; Ounalaska Isl.; Hawaii (U.S.) Kaua Isl.; Maul Isl.; Hawai Isl.; Washington Isl. (BR.); Fanning Isl. (Br.); Christmas Isl. (Br.); Jarvis Isl. (Brit.); Manihiki Group (BR.); Union of Tokelau Is. (Br.); UEA (Fr. ); Samoa Is.; Tutuila (U.S.); Upolu Isl. (Ger.); Fiji Is.(BR.); Savage Isl. (Br.); Tropic of Capricorn; Tonga Is. (BR.); Socirety IS. (Fr.); Cook o Hervey Is. (BR.); Austral Is. Kermadec Is.(Br.); Wellington to Valparaiso; Pacific Ocean; Chatham Isl. (Brit.); Melbourne to Liverpool; Bounty Is. (Brit.); Antipoder or Greenwich Is. (Brit.); Antarctic; Antarctic Ocean; Prince Patrick Isl.; Lando End; Eglinton Isl.; Mc. Clure Strait; C. Prince Albert; Beaufort Sea; Banks Land; O. Kellett Melson Head; Martin Pt.; Mackeazie Bay; Nigalek; Franklin B.; Cape Bathurst; Cape Dalhouse; Prince Albert sound; Dolphin & Union Str.; Peavy; Porcupine; Yukon; Circle; ragle; Dawson; Ft. Good Hope; Porcupone R.; Ft. McPherson; Old Ft. Good Hope; Mackenzie; Ft. Norman; Donimo; Ft. Selkirk; Mt. Logan; Orca; Mt. St. Ellds; Ft. Singson; Ft. Frances; Lackenzie R.; Ft. France; Ft. Rae; Yakutat; Dyea; Chichagof Isl; Sitka; Baranof Isl.; Ft. Halkett; Juneau; Ft. St. John; Ft. Vrangel; Dixon Entrance; Pr. Of Wales Is.; Jackson; Lit Slavo; Hearte Srait; Vancouver Isl.; Queenstown; Cascade; Westinster; Victoria; Seattle; dominion of Canada; North America; Olumpia; Tacoma; Columbin Riv.; Portland; Salem; Eureka; C. Mendocino; Great salt Lake; Range; Sacramento; San Francisco; San Jose; San Luis Obtspo; Pt. Concepthon; Los Angeles; San Diego; Pt. Eugenia; Guadalup Isl.; Revillagigedo Is.; Honolulu To Nicaragua; Equator; Honolulu to New York; Marquesas Is. (FR.); Tuamotu; Archipelago (FR.); Tahití (FR.); Gambier Is.(FR.); Tubuai Isl. (FR.); Pitcairn Isl. (Br.); Apia to Punta Arenas; South Pacific Ocean; Antarctic circle; Parry Islands, Morix; Crinneel Isl.; Mclville Isl.; Melritte sound; Batriore; Byam Isl.; Burrow Strait; Prince; Joe; Wales Isl.; McClintock Channel; PR. Albert; Minto Inlet Land; Victoria Land; Wollaston Land; Victoria Str.; Coronation; Great Bear Lake; L. Belly; L. Garry; Clinton Doabaan L.; Fathky L.; Galdsw L.; Weat Slave L.; Ft. Resolution Islands; Ft. Liard; Ft. Chippewayan; L Athabasca; Reindeer L.; Fort Churchill; Indian L. Vondabacy; Laird R.; Peace R.; Dunvegan L.; Edmonton; Saskateheuan; Battleford; Calgary; Pr. Albert; Spokane; Buttee; Snake Riv. Boise; Helena; Deadwood; MTS; Laranne; Ogden; Manitona; Regina; Winnine; Fago; Mississippi; Oheyenne; Omaha; Pierrs; Bismarn; United States; Salt Lake City; Carson; Pioche; Erosno; Oblspo; Pheonix; Santa Fe; Duran; Lead V; Denver; Public; Lincoln; Topok; Trintdad; Guihr; Hermosillo; Guaymas; El. Baso; Dallas; Austin; Lower California; G of California; Guaymas; Sal Hill; Chinuahua; Rio Grande; Autumn; Mexico; Montery; La Paz; C. San Lucas; Mazatlán Tala; San Blas; C. Corrientes; Socorro Isl.; Manzanillo; Mexico; Popooatepeti Vol.;Prudnoe Land; Hayes; PT. Foulke; Kane Basin; Baque Isl.; Sound; Smith sound; Smere; Lapld; Inglefield Gulf; Pennisula; C. Parry; Clarence Head; C. York; Wolstenholme; Sound; North Mecoen; Sound; Cobourg Isl.; Devon; Melville Bay; Baffin Bay; Sound; C. Liverpool; Bylot Isl.; Ponds Inlet; C. Bowen; C. Shackleton; Upernavik;C. Adair; Scott Inlet; Omenak Fiord; C. Kater; Baffin Land;O. Wison; Fax Channel; Cumberland Sound; C. Mercy; C. Dyer; Hall Isl.; Frobisher Bay; Hudson Stract; C. Wolbtenolve; Resolution Isl.; C. Chidley; Raina; Unaava Bay; Mobquito Bay; Labrador (Dep of New Poundland); Ft. Chimo; Matland; Ft. George; James; Bay; Clear water Lank; Melville; Mingan; Moose Factor; Quebec; Ste. Marie; Ottawa; Toronto; Buttain; Albany; Portland; Aagusta; Montreal Fredericton; St. Lawerance R.; Anti Co St. ; Funday B; Halifax; Golf of Lawrebce; Pr. Edward; Concord; Boston; C. Sable; Haetford; Providence; NewPort; Buffale; Haveland; Tranton; Nova Scotia;Long Island; New York; Philadelphia; Delaware Bay; Chesapeake Bay; C. Hatteras; Wilmington; Raleigh; Norfolk; Columbia; Charleston; Bermuda Is.(BR.); Jacksonville; New York to Liverpool; New York to Gibraltar; Bathama Is.;(BRIT.); San Salvador; West Tropic; Nassel; Port au Prince; Santo Domingo; Santo Domingo; San Juan; Porto Roco (U.S); S. Croix (BR.); Barbuda (BR.); Antiguaib; Hait; Amaiga (Br.); Mingstou Antiels; Caribbean Sea; PT. Gallinas; Maracaibo; Cartagena; Colon; G. of Maracaibo; Curacao Isl.(DUT.); Guadeloupe (Fr.); Dominica (BR.); Marjinique (Fr.); S. Luna (Br.); Barbados (Br.); Grenada (Br); Trinidad(BR.); Caraca; Venezuela; Mompox; Bogota; Colombia; Tallma; Topavan; Ghimborazo Vol.; Ecuador; Rio Nogro; Manaos; Amazon; Loja; Jurua R.; Rurus; Tirol; Villa Bella; Cuzco; Brillo; Huaraz; Lima; South America; Peru; Andes Mountains; Ica; Trindad; Sorata; Brazil; Bolivia; L. Titicaca; Arequipa; Sucre; Iquique; Cobijab; Antofagasta; Mt. Liullaillico; St. Ambrose Is;. (Chile) ; Chile; Potosi; Tarija; Salta; Asuncion; Tucuman; La. Rioja; Copiapo; La. Serena; San Juan; Cordoba; San Luis; Rosario; Buenos Aires; La Plata; Argentina; Valparaiso; Santiago; Curico; Bahia Blanca; Concepcion; Lebu; Veldivie; Blanca; Viedma; Gulf of San Manties; Chiloe Isl.; Chinos; Rawson; Bay of St. George; Port Deseado; Archjipelago; TayTao Pen.; Gton Isl.; Port Deseado; Santa Cruz; Strait of Magellan; De Dios; Magellan; S Inez Isl.; Tierra Del Fuego; Staten Isl.; Cape Horn; Hoste Isl.; Elephant Isl.; South Shetland Is.; Liveringston Isl; Smith Isl.; Bransfield Strait; Trinit Land Palmer Land; Granhamland; Adelande Isl.; Emp. Alexander Land; c. Walker; Greenland (Denmark); Peterman Pk.; Scoresby Land; Jameson Land; Disco Isl.; Godhavn; Disco B; Davis; Christians Haab; Holsteinberg; Christian Ix Land; Scele Land; Mt. Rigby; Horror Bay; Godthaab; Denmark Strait; Kjoge Bay; Brede Fiord; Faxa Fiord; C. Juel; Lichtenfela; Davis Strait; Frederikshaab; Cape Bille; Ivigtut; Cape Discord; Julianshaar; Cape Farewell; Hamilton Inlot; C. Charles; Belle Isl.; Cape Bauld; Newfoundland (Br.); St. Johns; St. Pierre (Fr.); Cape Breton Isl.; North Atlantic Ocean;; flores Azores Is.(Por.); Tropic of Cancer; Indies Lesser Antilles; Cape Verde Is. (Port.); New York to Cape Town; Orinoco R.; Georgetown; Paramaribo; Cayenee; C. Orange; Mouth of the Amazon R.; Brit.; Guiana(Dut)(Fr); Villa Nova; Santarem; Para; Marajo Isl.; Para R.; St. Louiz de Maranhao; Parnahiba; Ceara; Fernando; Noronia; Natal; Para R.; Theresina; Pernan; Aracaju; Bahia; Barra; Palma; Cuyaba; Carolina; Goyaz; Tocantins R.; Rapajos R.; R Xingu; Porto Segure; Caravellas; Victoria; Rio de Jane; St. Paulo; Tropic; Ouro Preto; Tiete R.; Cuirtiba; Diamantina; Parana R.; Paraguay; Itajahy; Desterro; Corrientes; Porto Alegre; Rio Grande do Sul; Montevideo; Plata R.; Uruguai; Corrientes; c. Gorrientes; Valparaiso to New York; Falkland Sound; Falkland Isl. (Brit.); Stanley; South Georgia (Br.); Coronation Isl.; Clarence Isl.; King George Isl.; Joinville Isl.; Louis Philippe Land; South Orkney Is.; Laurie Isl.; Edak Land; King William land; C. Bismarck; Koldeway Isl.; Shannon Isl.; Gael hamkes Bay; Francis Joseph Fiord; Bontekoe Isl.; C. Parry; Ocean; Greenland; Davy sound; Liverpool Isl.; Scoresby Sound; C. Brewster; Knighton Inlet; Han Mayen Isl.; Nord C.; Iceland(Den.); Artic; Langanaes; Roykjavlk; Faroe Is.(Den); Shetland Is.; Orkney Is.; British Isles; Hebrideges; Stavanger; C. Lindesnaes; Scotland; Dendee; North Sea; Glasgow; Belfast; Edinburg; Newcast; Ireland; Dublin; Cork; St. George’s Channel; London; England; Liverpool; Hull; Portsmouth; English Channel; Bay of Biscay; Nantes; Orleans; Paris; Brussels; Bordeaux; Toulouse; C. Finisterre; Andorra; Saragossa; Spain; Madrid; Seville; Lisbon; Portugal; Oporto; Terceira; S. Miguel; S. Maria; C. St. Vincent; Str. Of Gibraltar; Madeira Isl. (POR.); El Arish; Mekinez; Morocco; Mogador; Gibraltar (Br.); Morocco; Tangier; Fez.; Canary Is. (Sp.); Palma; Ferro; Cape Blanco; Zemur; Rio Deoro (Sp.); vacan; Tatta; El Abbas; Sahara Desert; St. Louis; C. Verde; Cambia (Br.); Bathurst (Br.); Bissagos Is. (Port.); Guinea (Pt.); Guinea(Fr.); Senegal; Sierra; Segu Sikoro; Medina; Senegal R.; Timbuktu; Africa; Arawan; French Sudan; Niger R.; Freetown; Monrovia; Equator; C. Palmas; Bingerville; Akkra (Br.);Loeone (Br.); Coemassie; Guinea; Ilnyus; Whydah; gulf of Guinea; (Sp.) Fernando Po.; (Por.) Prince I.; (Por.) St. Thomas I.; (SP.) Annobon I.; Ascension Isl. (Br.); Liverpool to Melbourne; ST. Helena Isl. (Brit.); Pernambuco to Cap town; Tranida Is. (Brazil); Tropic of Capricorn; South Atlantic Ocean; Inaccessible Isl.; Tristan Da Cunma Isl.; Nightingale Isl. (Brit.); Gough Isl. (Br.); Lindbay Isl.; Sandwich Group; Antarctic; Antarctic Ocean; Amsterdam Isl.; King B.; North East; Land; Olga; Prince Charles Foreland; Ice Fiord; Bell Sound; Horn Sound; Spitzbergen; Barents Isl.; Edge Isl.; Wybe Janes; Thousand Is.; Hope Isl.; Bear Isl.; Greenland Sea; North Cape; Hamnerfest; Tromsoe; Lofoden Is.; Karva; Torned R.; West fiord; Circle; Sweden; Norway; Apland; Pitea; Tornea; Uleaborg; Kniaja; Trondhjem; Christiania; Gefle; Umea; Gulf of Bothnia; Wasa; Finland; Kuopro; Viborg;Stockholin; Skagorrack; Denmark; Copenhagem; Gottenborg; Baltic Sea; Vilna; G, of Finland; Reval; Osel Isl.; Riga; Duna R.; Hamburg; The Hague; Berlin; Netherlands; Belgium; Frankfort; Leipsie; Luxemburg; Danzig; Konigsberg; Warsaw; Leinberg; Dresden; Warsaw; Germany; Europe; Austria; Dnieper R.; Berditchef; Vienna; Danube; Munich; Berne; France; Lyon; Marseille; Monaca; Corsica; San Marino; Italy; Switzerland; Venice; Genoa; Milan; Danube R.; Vienna; Budapest; Hungary; Belgrade; Monte Negro; Alliatic; Trieste; Servia bulgaria; Roumania; Sophia; Jassy; Odessa; Bukharest; Philippopelis; Rome; Barcelona; Sardinia; Balearic; Mediterranean; Naples; Messina; Palermo; Oran; Algiers; Algeria; Tunis; G. of Cabes; Tripoli; Greece; Athens; Sicily; Malta(Br.); Crete (TY.); Smyrna Adalin; Allriatic Sea; Turkey; G. of Benghaz; Sidra; Ghadanies; Tripoli (Turkey); El Golea; Wargla; Rhat; Murzuk; Fezzan; Alexandria; Cairo; Siout; Egypt; Mediterranean Sea; Pt. Said; Siout; Esneh; Libyan; Assouan; Dessert; New Dongola; El Fasher; Warn; L. Tohad; Sudan; Kharturn; Northern Nigeria (Br.); Yakoba; Massenia; Dahomey(Fr.); Togo; Lagos; Nigeria(Br.); Kamerun (Ger.); El. Obeid; Sobai; Ladoi; Lagos; Asaba; Kamerun; Mobangi R.; Congo; Wadelai; Stanley Falls; French Kongo; Leopold Ville; Lopez; Banana; Boma; Loanda; Kabango; S. Salvador; Eanatorville; Kongo; Nyangwe; Ind State; Tankanyika; L. Moero; Kagek; Port. West Africa; Ger. S.W.; Benguela; Mossamede; C. Frio; Sionia; D. Bangweola; Walfisch Bay(Br.); Rhodes; Zambezi; Salisbury; Palapye; Limpop; Buluway; Beghuana; Pretoria; Trans; Vaai; Angra Pequena; Orange R.; Port Nolloth; Cape Town; Johannesburg; Bloemfontein; Orange Riv.; Kimberley; Care Colony (British); East London; Port Elizabeth; Georgetown; C. Agulhas; Cape of Good Hope; Thompson Isl.; Bouvet Isl.(Brit.); Antarctic Circle; Wiches or King Charles Land; Northbrook Isl.; Hooker Isl.; Salm Isl.; Barents Sea; Great Ice Cape; Cape Lutke; Admirality Pen; Goose Bay; Nova Zembla;Vardoehuus Waranger Fiord; Strait of Kara;Kolsuev Isl.; Kola; C. Kanin; Petchora Bay; Barzuga; Gulf of Cheskoi; Pustosenak; Mezen; White Sea; Kem; Archangel; Onega; Mezen R.; Petehara R.; Dwina R.; L. Onega; L. Landoga; St. Petersburg; Novgoroad; Vologda Viatka; Ural Mts; Russian Empire; Volga R.; Nigni Novogorod; Kazan; Kama R.; Perm; Ufa; Simbrisk; Moscow; Kaluga; Russia; Kursk; Saratof; Don R.; Kief; Kharkof; Taganrog; Odessa; Volga R.; Orenburg; Guriev; Astrakhan; Sea of Azof; Caucasus Mts.; Black Sea; Constantinople; Angora; Brusa; Trebizohd; Erzerum; Baku; Batum; Stavropol; Caspian Sea; Kungrad; Turkey; Krasnovod; Konieh; Cryrus I.(Br.); Yafa; Jerusalem; Aleppo; Tripoli; Damascus; Bagdad; Basra; Digris R; Tabriz; Rasht; Sehna; Teheran; Meshed; Khaf; Ispahan; Yezd; Neh; Aska; Persia; Sitez; Leina; Hail; Medina; Red Sea; Korosko; Mekka; Riad; Yembo; Medina; Arabia; Oman; Shiraz; Bam; Bushire; Persian Gulf; Lar; Jask; G of Omen; Muskat; Suakind; Coomfidah; Massaua; Suna; Adoh(Br.); G of Aden; Makallan; Kamar B.; Kuria; Socotra (BRIT.); C. Guardafui; Ras Hafun; Arabian Sea; Berber; Gondar; Eritrea (IT.); Gondar; Berbera (Br.); Fr.; Nile; Blue Nile; Adis Aboba; Abyssinia; Somaliland; Italy Somali; Mukhdish; Brava; Br. East Africa; Rudolf L.; Victoria; Nyanza; Mt. Kenia; German East Africa; Tabora; Kitimanjar; Kismayu; Witu; Mombasa; Pemba I. (Br.); Zanzibar (Br.); Bagamoyo; Quiloa; Aldabra Is.; Amirante Is. (Br.); Seychelles (Br.);Farquhar Is.; C. Amber; Comoro Is.; C. Delgado; Mozambique; Tamatave; Tananarivo; Indian Ocean; Rovima R.; Port. East Africa; Chinde; Quilimane; Nyassa; Zomba; Tete; Madagascar (French); Sofala; Delagoa B.; Mozambique Channel; Mauritius Isl. (Br.); Reunion (Fr.); Lourenco Marquez; Pietermaritzburg; Durban; Port Nata; Islands; Cape Town To Melbourne; Pr. Edward Isl.; Marion (Brit.); Crozet Is.(Brit.); Enderey Land; Lonely Isl; Cape Mauritiub; Barents Ld.; Kara Sea; C. Fern; Rechesnoi Is.; Gulf of Yenisei; White Isl.; Piasina R.; Matochkin Strait; Gulf of Ob; Swerevo; Aigach Isl.; Kara B.; Mura; Obdorsk; Dudinsk; Yenisei R.; Taz R.; Turukhansk; Kazimsk; Nadym R.; Berezof; Siberia; Ob River; Surgut; Tobolsk; Narim; Bakhtinsk; Tarda R.; Ekaterinburg; Petropaulovsk; Omisk; L. Chany; Tomsk; Tobol R.; Ishim; Akmolinsk; Irtisk R.; Semipalatinsk; Irsk; Asia; Sergiopol; Zaisan L.; Kuldja; Turgai; Kasalinsk; Sir Daria R.; Aral Sea; Balkash Lake; Choo R.; Ri R.; Kuldja Mts.; Thian Shan; Tarim R.; Tashkend; Amu R.; Turkestan; Bokhara; Faizabad; Heart; Ghanistan; Kabui; Serinogen; Chinese Empire; Khotan; Kashgar; Afghanistan; Kandahar; Indus R.; Lahore; Simlo; Deli; Agra; Kelat; Baluchistan; Bela; Nepal; Himalaya Mts.; Mt. Euerest; Khatmando; Ganges; India (BRITISH); Hardarabad; Patna; Ganges; Galentta; Nagpore; Yanaon; Daman; G of Cutch; C. Elhadd; Moseirah Isl.; G of Cambay; Bombay Haidarabad (Fr.); Bay of Bengal; Masulipatam; Madras; Biombay; New Goa (PT.); Muria Is. (Brit.)’Mahe (Fr. ); Laccadive Is.; Puducheri (Fr.); Karikal (Fr.);Comorin; Colombo; Maldive Is.(Brit.); Ceylon Isl. (Brit.); Chagos Is.; Cargados Carayos Isl.; Mascarene; Rodriguez (Br.); New Amsterdam; St. Paul (Fr.); Kerguelen (Fr.);McDonald (Brit.); Heard; Kemp Land; Note:

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Page  100

Page  101 PATRONS' REFERENCE DIRECTORY ---------OFOttawa County, Michigan EXPLANATION.-The date following a name indicates the length of time the party has been a resident in the count Section; T. for Township; P. 0. for Post-office address. When no Section Number or Township is given, it will be unde of the village or city named, and, in such cases, the post-office address is the same as the place of residence, unless otherwise stat ". The abbreviations are as follows: S. for rstood that the party i-esides within the limits ed. Aiken, Geo. W., Farmer, S. 35, T. Grand Haven, P. 0. Grand Haven. 1870. Amrnan, Jacob, Farmer and Carpenter, S. 22; T. Tallmadge, P. 0. Berlin. 1899. Anderson, Andrew, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 10, T. Crockery, P. 0. Nunica. 1883. Anderson, Fred, Farmer, S. 12, T. Tallmadge, P. 0. Grand Rapids. 1906. Andre, Cornelius, Sheriff, Grand Haven. Andreas, F. K., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 11, T. Polkton, P. 0. Coopersville. 1901. Averill, H. H., Supervisor, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 24, T. Polkton, P. 0. Coopersville. Avink, Henry, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 23, T. Blendon, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1873. Babcock, Chas., Farmer, Stockraiser and Dealer in Implements, S. 12, T. Olive, P. 0. West Olive. 1887. Baker, Klans, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 9, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1881. Baker, R., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 1, T. Holland, P. 0. Zeeland. 1867. Baldwin, Frank S., Farmer, S. 34, T. Tallmadge, P. 0. Berlin. 1863. Barense, John, Dairy Farmer, S. 20, T. Zeeland, P. 0. Zeeland. Barense, Jacob, Jr., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 33, T. Blendon, P. 0. Zeeland. 1908. Bartels, H., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 33, T. Olive, P. 0. Holland. 1895. Bauman, Benuel, Farmer, S. 22, T. Wright, P. 0. Conklin. 1871. Mr. Bauman is a Veteran of the Civil, War, having served in the 21st Infantry, Company G, Michigan. -He is the founder of Reno village. Bean, Charles L., Postmaster, Conklin. Bement, A., Farmer, S. 30, T. Allendale, P. 0. Zeeland. Mr. Bement I was born in Ottawa County in 1878. Bethke, Emil, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 17, T. Robinson, P. 0. Grand Haven. 1888. Bethke, Fred, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 17, T. Robinson, P. 0. Grand Haven. 1885. Bethke, Theodor, Farmer, S. 24, T. Grand Haven, P. 0. Grand Haven. 1885. Beukema, John, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 25, T. Holland,,- P. 0. Holland. 1872. Bignell, J., Real Estate, Grand Haven. 1872. Binns, C. B., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 12, T. Olive, P. 0. West Olive. 1900. Bleeker, Mrs. J., Farming and Stockraising, S. 31, T. Olive, P. 0. Holland. 1881. Bleeker, Will, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 25, T. Olive, P. 0. Holland. 1910. Blink, Bert, Dealer in Hay, Grain, Flour and Feed, Berlin. Bloemers, J. A., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 27, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1857. Boldt, Herman, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 34, T. Georgetown, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1879. Bolthouse, Henry, Farmer, Ferrysburg. Boone, B., Farmer and St.ckraiser, S. 22, T. Holland, P; 0. Holland. 1884. Boone, Ed., Farmer, S, 8, T. Zeeland, P. 0. Zeeland. Boone, P. F., Livery and Sale Stable, Holland. Borck, Geo. C., Farmer, S. 4, T. Grand Haven, P. 0. Grand Haven. 1879. Bos-Bolhuis Lumber Co., Lumber Manufacturers, Interior Finishings, Holliand. Bosch, John A., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 31, T. Blendon, P. 0. Zeeland. 1893. Bosch, Ralph, Farmer, S. 8, T. Spring Lake, P. 0. Spring Lake. 1893. Bosworth, Chas. E., Farmer, Stockraiser and Road Commissioner, S. 9, T. Georgetown, P. 0. Jenison. 1850. Boynton, W. S., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 2, T. Georgetown, P. 0. Jenison. 1874. Brouwer, Chas, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 33, T. Olive, P. 0. Holland. 1889. Brown, Albert, Farmer, S. 12, T. Wright, P. 0. Conklin. Mr. Brown was born in Ottawa County in 1875. He has served as a Member of the School Board. Brown, Ed., Farmer, S. 11, T. Wright, P. 0. Conklin. Mr. Brown was born in Ottawa County in 1879. Brown, Peter, Farmer, S. 13, T. Wright, P. 0. Conklin. 1873. Mr. Brown has served as Highway Commissioner and Member Board of Review. He owned and operated the first steam threshing engine in Ottawa County. Brown, S. L.. Farmer, S. 15, T. Wright, P. 0. Conklin. 1881. Mr. Brown' has served as a Member of the Township Board and Justice of the Peace. Buikemna, Hama, Road Overseer, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 35, T. Georgetown, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1901. Burlingame, E. F., Farmer, S. 6, T. Wright, P. 0 Conklin. 1869. Burpee, J. M., Farmer, S. 20, T. Wright, P. 0. Coopersville. 1909. Cameron, James D., Farmnei and Stockraiser, S. 14, T. Robinson, P. 0. Grand Haven. 1878. Campbell, F. H., Farmer, Stockraiser and Dairyman, S. 17, T. Georgetown, P. 0. Hndsonville. 1882. Carlson, A. V., Farmer, S. 15, T. Tallmadge, P. 0. Berlin. 1895. Carlson, F., Farmer, S. 14, T. Tallmadge, P. 0. Grand Rapids. 1898. Chapel, Chas., Farmer, S. 16, T. Tallmadge, P. 0. Berlin. 1861. Chittenden, W. B., Farmer and Berry Grower, S. 30, T. Crockery, P. 0. Spring-Lake. 1856. Cilley, James, Attorney at Law, Coopersville. 1855. Citizens Mutual Fire Insurance Co., Grand Rapids. Clark, Jarrett N., Attorney, Zeeland. Clark, Walter H., Ex-County Treasurer, Grand Haven. Clayton. C. J., Farmer and Township Supervisor, S. 26, T. Wright, P. 0. Berlin. Mr Clayton was born in Ottawa County in 1882. He is married to Miss Eulila Rice of Allegan County, Michigan. Cline, David M., Supervisor, Plumbing and Dealer in Implements, Spring Lake. 1887. Coburn, C. C., Attorney, Grand Haven. Coburn, Seth, Hotel and Livery, Hudsonville. 1855. Connell, Katherine A., Farming, S. 33, T. Grand Haven, P. 0. Grand Haven. 1859. Conrath, John, Farmer, S. 1, T. Grand Haven, P. 0. Grand Haven. 1910. Cook, John, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 2, T. Polkto, P. 0. Coopersville. 1866. Cook, Rickle, Farmer, S. 31, T. Wright, P. 0. Coopersville. 1859. Mr. Cook is married to Miss Gertie Hursinga. Cook, R. H., Highway Commissioner, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 12, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1872. Cook, Salem F., Farmer, S. 23, T. Tallmadge, P. 0. Grand Rapids. 1896. Cook, W., Farmer, S. 8, T. Zeeland, P. 0. Zeeland. Coopersville State Bank, General Banking, Coopersville. Correll, N. P., Farmer and Auctioneer, S. 27, T. Grand Haven, P. 0. Grand Haven. 1902. Courtright, E. J., Farmer, S. 12, T. Tallmadge, P. 0. Grand Rapids. 1897. Cross, Fred, Farmer, S. 14, T. Tallmadge. P. 0. Grai.d Rapids. Mr. Cross was born in Ottawa County in 1871. Cross, Win., Farmer, S. 16, T. Tailmadge, P. 0. Grand Rapids. 1884. Dalman, Marinus, Township Clerk and Farmer, S. 2, T. Zeeland, P. 0. Zeeland. 1861. Danjhof, John J., Fire Insurance, Grand Haven. Doddington, 0. G., Painter and Contractor, Grand Haven. 1879. DeFouw, Cornelius, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 34, T. Olive, P. 0. Holland. 1869. DeHaan, A., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 34, T. Robinson, P. 0. Robinson. 1910. Den Herder, J., President Zeeland State Bank, Zeeland. Dejong, G., Farmer, S. 22, T. Wright, P. 0. Berlin. 1908. DeJonge, John C., Farmer, S. 16, T. Zeeland, P. 0. Zeeland. De Keyzer, Cornelius, Real Estate and Insurance, Holland. Dekker, Leonard, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 5, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1900. Dekker, Henry, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 13, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1901. Derks & Buter, Coal, Wood, Lime, Cement, etc., Zeeland. De Pree, Con, Chemical Works, Holland. 1891. De Roo, E., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 21, T. Blendon, P. 0. Zeeland. 1898. De Vos & Son, Publishers, Coopersville. De Vries, Siene T., Farmer, S. 29, T. Wright, P. 0. Coopersville. 1900. De Witt, Simon, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 9, T. Olive, P. 0. Vest Olive. 1897. Dickman, Z., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 8, T. Crockery, P. 0. Nunica. 1908. Diekema, B., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 28, T. Blendon, P. 0. Zeeland. 1892. Diekema & Kollen, Attorneys at Law, Holland. Dinkel, Ludwig, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 17, T. Chester, P. 0. Conklin. 1882. Donner, A., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 18, T. Crockery, P. 0. Nunica. 1901. Dornbos, J. L., Cashier Peoples Savings Bank, Grand Haven. Douma, D., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 18, T. Georgetown, P. 0. Jenison. 1891. Dozema, H., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 34, T. Zeeland, P. 0. Zeeland. 1887. Drinkwater, Walter, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 33, T. Olive, P. 0. West Olive. 1876. Durham, M., Cashier Coopersville State Bank, Coopersville. Dyk Bros., Farmers, S. 11, T. Allendale, P. 0. Allendale. 1880. Dyke, James, Farmer, S. 7, T. Wright, P. 0. Coopersville. 1911. Dykenma, Ryk, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 6, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1898 Dykhuis. A., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 28, T. Olive, P. 0. West Olive. 1870. Dykhuisen, Peter, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 31, T. Blendon, P. 0. Zeeland. 1881. Ebelink. Henry, Florist, Holland. 1891. Ebels, J., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 33, T. Olive, P. 0. Holland. 1880. Helman, H. XV., Farmer, Stockraiser and Dairyman, S. 18, T. Olive, P. 0. Holland. 1888. Eilander, S. T., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 29, T. Olive, P. 0. Holland. 1884. Eisenga, T., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 9, T. Georgetown, P. 0. Jenison. 1868. Elenbaas, Isaac P., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 13, T. Olive, P. 0. Zeeland. 1906. Elenbaas, John C., F. rwer and Stockraiser, S. 10, T. Olive, P. 0. Holland. 1889. Elzinga, Louis, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 22, T. Zeeland, P. 0. Zeeland. 1906. Emert, Ed., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 11, T. Blendon, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1886. Emery, Wui. J., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 30, T. Robinson, P. 0. Agnew. 1879. Ensink, Albert, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 5, T. Jamestown, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1883. Essenberg, Jacob, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 13, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1869. Estelle, Walter. Farmer and Stockiaiser, S. 11, T. Olive, P. 0. West Olive. 1890. Faber, M., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 33, T. Georgetown, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1867. Falls, Andrew, Dealer in Groceries and Provisions, Spring Lake. Farr & Farr, (Geo. A. Farr, Sr., Geo. A. Farr, Jr.) Attorneys, Grand Haven. Fellows, Edwin, County Drain Commissioner, Grand Haven. Fellows, Levi J., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 2, T. Olive, P. 0. Zeeland. 1861. First State Bank, The, General Bankinr, Holland. Fish, John, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 36, T. Robinson, P. 0. Zeeland. 1889. Foster, A. D., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 13, T. Robinson, P. 0. Grand Haven. 1864. Foster, E., Fruit Grower, S. 23, T. Spring Lake, P. 0. Spring Lake. 1907. Friar, Bernard, Farmer, S. 13, T. Tallmadge, P. 0. Grand Rapids. 1851. Friesser, John, Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 18, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1891. Frietchen, F. W., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 13, T. Robinson, P. 0. Robinson. 1908. Fritz, Joseph, Farmer, S. 11, T. Wright, P. 0. Conklin. Mr. Fritz was born in Ottawa County in 1860. He has served as a Member of theBoard of Review. Fuller, Nathan, Farmer, S. 11, T. Tallmadge, P. 0. Berlin. Mr. Fuller was born in Ottawa County in 1851. Garrod, W. J., Insurance, Holland. Geertman, Henry, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 11, T. Olive, P. 0. West Olive. 1882. Gerrits. Ralph, Farmer, Stockraiser and Road Commissioner, S. 29, T. Georgetown, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1907. Gilbert, John A., Jr., Dairyman and Farmer, S. 8, T. Chester, P. 0..Conklin. 1875. Gildner, H, Hotel, Grand Haven. Gillett, Alva, Farmer, S. 26, T. Wright, P. 0. Berlin. Mr. Gillett was Iborn in Ottawa County in 1874. Gillett, H., Farmer, Stockraiser and Road Commissioner, S. 18, T. Georgetown, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1888. Gillett, V., Jr., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 15, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1881. Glerum, Win., Postmaster of Zeeland, Zeeland. Goldbach, Gustav, Farmer, S. 27, T. Grand Haven, P. 0. Grand Haven. 1906. Grand Haven, City of, J. Glerum, City Clerk. Grand Haven Gas Co., Gas Company and Gas Fixtures, Grand Haven. Grand Haven State Bank, General Banking, Grand Haven. Greiner, R. C., Real Estate, Farm Implements and Auto Garage, Berlin. Mr. Greiner was born in Ottawa County in 1869. Gregory, Philo, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 17, T. Jamestown, P. O0 Hudsonville. 1859. Gringhuis, Win.. Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 29, T. Zeeland, P. 0. Zeeland. 1907. Grippen, H., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 18, T. Blendon, P. 0. Zeeland.. 18932 Grooters, E., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 36, T. Olive, P. 0. Holland. 1876. Gustafson, G. A., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 17, T. Crockery, P. 0.. Nunica. 1904. Guthansen, Rev. G., Catholic Priest, S. 1, T. Wright, P. 0. Conklin. 1908. Hammond, Thos., Highway Commissioner and Farmer, Spring Lake. 1878. Handlogten, Gerrit, Farmer, S. 6, T. Tallmadge, P. 0. Berlin. 1884. Handlogten, H, Farmer, S. 6, T. Tallmadge, P. 0. Coopersville. Mr. Handlogten was born in Ottawa C2ounty in 1878. Handlogten, H. H., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 36, T. Polkton, P. 0. Coopersville. 1882. Harmsen, Ben, Farmer, S. 8, T. Tallmadge, P. 0. Berlin. Mr. Harmsen was born in Ottawa County in 1884. HTarmsen, H., Farmer, S 1, Tallmadge, P. 0. Coopersville. 1886. Hatch, B. P., Supervisor, Lamont. Mr. Hatch is a native of Ottawa County. Haze Kamp, Henry, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 26, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1862. Helder, Dick, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 32, T. Blendon, P. 0. Zeeland. 1887. Helder. Hermanus, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 35, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1861 Helmink, Win., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 35, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1872. Henning, Charles, Farmer, S. 32, T. Wright, P. 0. Coopersville. 1895. Mr. Henning is married to Miss Hattie Seba. Herrington, L. H., Farmer, S. 23, T. Wright. P. 0. Herrington. Mr. Herrington was born in Ottawa County in 1878. Heyboer, Cornelius. Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 32, T. Blendon, P. 0. Zeeland. 1857. Hill, Judd M., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 36, T. Polkton, P. 0. Coopersville. 1880. Hoerich, August, Farmer, S. 23, T. Grand Haven, P. 0. Grand Haven. Hofman, Dick, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 32, T. Olive, P. 0. Holland. 1878. Holcomb, W. L, Farmer, S. 32, T. Gra-d Haven, P. 0. Grand Haven. 19 0. Holland, City of Holland City News, Book and General Commercial Printers, Holland. Holland Sentinel Publishing Co., Holland. Holland Gelatine Works, Manufacturers of Gelatine, Holland. Holland Lumber & Supply Co., Lumber and Building Material, Holland. Holland Pressed Brick Co., Manufacturers of Pressed Brick, Holland. Holland Rusk Co., Manufacturers of Holland Rusk, Holland. Holleboom, A., Farmer, S. 29, T. Allendale, P. 0. Allendale. 1880. Holstege, H. J., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 30, T. Georgetown, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1870. Holt, Jas.. Farmer, S. 11, T. Grand Haven, P. 0. Grand Haven. 1902. Holtrop, Klaas, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 11, T. Crockery, P. 0. Nunica. 1894. Hook, P., Farmer, S. 18, T. Allendale, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1886. Hop, John, Jr., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 29, T. Olive, P. 0. Holland. 1877.

Page  102 102 PATRONS' REFERENCE DIRECTORY. Bop, Wmn., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 33, T. Blendon, P. 0. Zeeland. 1894. Hubbard, Geo. M., Farmer, Stcckraiser, Supervisor and Assessor, S. 32, T. Georgetown, P. 0. Jenison. 1895. Hyma, H., Farmer, S. 31, T. Wright, P. 0. Coopersville. 1906. Mr. Hyma is married to Miss Nellie Von Vliet of Grand Rapids. Ives, C., Butcher, Wholesale and Retail, Coopersville. 1863. Jager, Jacob, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 26, T. Blendon, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1910. Jenison, D. M., Dairyman, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 23, T. Georgetown, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1861. Jenison, H. E., Farmer, Stockraiser and Grain Elevator, S. 23, T. Georgetown, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1855. Jeske, Albert, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 10, T. Olive, P. 0. West Olive. 1908. Jeske, August, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 10, T. Olive, P. 0. West Olive. 1906. Johnson, Ed., Farmer, S. 29, T. Tallmadge, P. 0 Berlin. 1902.. Johnson, M., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 5, T. Crockery, P. 0. Nunica. 1890. Jorgensen, J. C., Real Estate, Grand Haven. 1903. Joscelyn, M. 1;., Farmer and Cider Mill, S. 34, T. Olive, P. 0. Holland. 1859. Kamp, Henry H., Farmer, S. 26, T. Holland, P.'O. Holland. Kapenga, James, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 27, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1857. Karafa, Steven, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 12, T. Crockery, P. 0. Nunica. 1907. King, C. L. & Co., Saw Mill, Fruit Packages and Veneer, Holland. Kirby, Edward P., Probate Judge, Grand Haven. Klaassen, C., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 27, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1881. Kleis, William, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 24, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1883. Kleyn Lumber Co., (Leonard Kleyn and Geo. Kleyn) Plain Lumber, Holland. Klooster, John K, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 27, T. Jamestown, P. 0. Byron Center. 1901. Kluting, Joseph, Farmer, S. 10, T. Wright, P. 0. Conklin. Mr. Kluting was born in Ottawa County in 1858. He has served as Constable. Xnight, A. J., Supervisor, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 18, T. Robinson, P. 0. Grand Haven. 1867. 'Knol, John, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 16, T. Olive, P. 0. Holland. Knoll, Klaas, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 10, T. Olive, P. 0. Holland. 1881. Koening, John, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 21, T. Polkton, P. 0. Coopersville. 1905. Kok, Klaus, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 18, T. Jamestown, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1891. Kole, James, Vehicles, Implements, Blacksmithing and repairing, Holland. 1866..Kooiman, Art. P., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 3, T. Polkton, P. 0. Coopersville. 1884. Koop, H., Postmaster and Dealer in General Merchandise,. S. 25, T. Olive, P. 0. Borculo. 1874. -Koopman, Tom, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 21, T. Georgetown, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1874. Kossen, I, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 31, T. Zeeland, P. 0. Zeeland. 1870. Kouw, Isaac & Co, Notaries Public, Real Estate, Insurance, Loans and Renting, Holland. Kramer, Dowe, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 1, T. Polkton, P. 0. Coopersville. 1906..Kramer, Henry, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 1, T. Polkton, P. 0. Coopersville. 1906. Kranier, John, Township Clerk, Blacksmithing and Dealer in General Merchandise, Lamont. 1889. -Kruithoff, Henry, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 25, T. Olive, P. 0. West Olive. 1891. Kruithoff, Wm., Jr., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 24, T. Olive, P. 0. West Olive. 1910. Kuipers, John, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 5, T. Georgetown, P. 0. Jenison. 1911. Kuite, John, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 35, T. Blendon, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1873. -Kulikamp, John, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 4, T. Polkton, P. 0. Coopersville. 1893. -Kuvers, H., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 34, T. Robinson, P. 0. Robinson. 1910. Kwiatkowski, Stanley, Farmer and Threshing Machine Operator, S. 27, T. Tallmadge, P. O. Berlin. Laitil, Peter, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 11, T. Crockery, P. 0. Nunica. 1910. L Lmpe, Henry, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 28, T. Chester, P. 0. Conklin. 1888. Lanning, Irvin, Farmer, S. 36, T. Tallmadge, P. 0. Grand Rapids. 1900. Lappinga, J. J., Farmer, S. 28, T. Olive, P. 0. West Olive. 1868. Lappinga, Klaas J., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 28, T. Olive, P. 0. West Olive. 1868. Larson, A., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 12, T. Spring Lake, P. 0., Spring Lake. 1881. Lillibridge, Mrs. Sarah, Farming, S. 36, T. Wright, P. 0. Berlin. Mrs. Lillibridge.is a native of Ottawa County. Lillie, Colon C, Farmer and President of the Co-Operative Creamery at Coopersville, S. 5, T. Tallmadge, P. 0. Coopersville. ILillie, Walter I., Attorney at Law, Grand Haven.:Lothschutz,, Peter A., Farmer, S. 11, T. Wright, P. 0. Conklin. 1850..Lowing, Roy H., Farmer, S. 10, T. Georgetown, P. 0. Jenison. 1887. Lowing, W. R., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 9, T. Georgetown, P. 0. Jenison. 1869. Lnidens, Maurice, Supervisor,. Assessor, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 21, T. Olive, P, 0. Holland. 1870. Lugers, Wmin., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 15, T. Olive, P. 0. Holland. 1881. -Luther, G. H. Farmer, S. 31, T. Wright, P. 0. Coopersville. 1884. 'McBride, Chas. H., Attorney at Law, Holland. McBride, P. H., Fire and Liability Insurance, Holland.:Macann, Orlando, Retired Sailor and Farmer, S. 35, T. Wright, P. 0. Berlin. 1845. Mr. Macann is a Veteran of the Civil War, having served in the 1st Michigan Engineers, Company D. 'McCarthy, Patrick, Farmer, S. 33, T. Grand Haven, P. 0. Grand Haven. 1864..aicEachron, F. F., Cashier of Hudsonville State Bank, Hudsonville. 1875. McEachron', Fred F., Ex-County Clerk, Grand Haven. -McKinley, Calvin, Saw Mill Operator, Dealer in Groceries, and Grain Merchant. West Olive. MeLellan, Samuel F., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 16, T. Polkton, P. 0. Dennison. 1866. Maierhauser, Geo.. Farmer, S. 11, T. Grand Haven, P. 0. Grand Haven..Marsilje, I., Fire Insurance, Real Estate and Loanis, Holland..Marsilje & Son, Fire Insurance, Real Estate and Loans, Holland. Martin; Henry, Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 25, T. Spring Lake, P. 0. Spring Lake. 1856.. Martin, H. F., Farmer, S. 27, T. Wright, P. 0. Berlin. Mr. Martin was born in Ottawa County in 1861. Mast, Gerrit H., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 28, T. Zeeland, P. 0. Zeeland. 1889. Mast, Klaus, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 28, T. Zeeland, P. 0. Zeeland. 1848. Meihuizer, John, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 2, T. Polkton, P. 0- Coopersville. Meleher, Ernest, Farmer, S. 2, T. Grand Haven, P. 0. Grand Haven. Mergener, Joseph, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 4, T. Crockery, P. 0. Nunica. 1880. Mickam, Frank, Farmer and Highway Commissioner, S. 16, T. Tallmadge, P. 0. Berlin. Mr. Mickam was born in Ottawa County in 1875. Miller, Jacob, Farmer, S. 12, T. Wright, P. 0. Conklin. Mr. Miller was born in Ottawa County in 1869. Modderman, J. H., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 8, T. Polkton, P. 0. Coopersville. 1905. Moeke, G. & Son, Retail Dealers in Lumber, Lath and Shingles, Zeeland. Mokma, G. W., Cashier The First State Bank of Holland, Holland. Morren, Mrs. J., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 16, T. Blendon, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1886. Morse, L., Farmer, S. 23, T. TallImadge, P. 0. Grand Rapids. Mr. Morse was born in Ottawa County in 1861. Mundeihout. H., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 35, T. Georgetown, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1858. Mulder, B., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 25, T. Holland, P. 0. Zeeland. 1853. Mungerson, C. A., Farmer, S. 1, T. Tallmadge, P. 0. Grand Rapids. 1906. Muzzall, Dr. H. A., Defltist and Fire Insurance, Coopersville. 1881. Myers, Albert, Farmer, S. 20, T. Wright, P. 0. Cuopersville. 1893. Naber, Johannes, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 35, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1881. Naber, John P., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 34, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1865. Naber, Peter, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 35, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1871. Naberhuis, E., Farmer and Gardener, S. 5, T. Spring Lake, P. 0. Spring Lake. 1881. Naberhuis, H. A., Civil Engineer, Holland. Nagelkerk, M.,. Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 20, T. Blendon, P. 0. Zeeland. 1906. Nauta, Paul, Farmer, S 10, T Tallmadge, P. 0. Berlin. 1869. Nederveld, John, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 7, T. Jamestown, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1870. Neerken, B., Cashier The State Commercial & Savings Bank, Zeeland. Nelson,'T. J., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 24, T. Spring Lake, P. 0. Spring Lake. 1907. Nibbelink, J H. & Son, Livery and Undertaking, Holland Nienhuis, A. J., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 27, T. Olive, P. 0. Holland. 1861. Nienhuis, E. J., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 35, T. Olive, P. 0. Holland. 1873. Nienhuis, Harm J., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 29, T. Olive, P. 0. Holland. 1877. Nienhuis, M. E., F;irmer and Stockraiser, S. 21, T. Olive, P. 0. Holland. 1879. Nienhuis, Peter M., Farmer, Stockraiser and Butcher, S. 28, T. Olive, P. 0. Holland. 1856. Nienhuis, Wm., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 21, T. Olive, P. 0. Holland. 1877. North, H., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 14, T. Spring Lake, P. 0. Spring Lake. 1898. Northouse, P. C., Real Estate, Grand Haven. Northuise, C., Livery and Feed Stables, Zeeland. Nykamp, Richard, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 30, T. Zeeland, P. 0. Zeeland. 1872. Oakes, Jas. W. & Co., Insurance, Grand Haven. Oosterink, John, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 14, T. Georgetown, P. 0. Jenison. 1890. Oo.sting, J. P., Tile, etc, Holland. 1862. Orr, W. H., Manager Citizens Telephone Co., Holland. Ossewaarde, John, Supervisor and Farmer, S. 10, T. Aliendale, P. 0. Allendale. 1883: Ottawa County Officials:-County Clerk. Jacob Glerum; Register of Deeds, J. F. Van.Anroay; County Treasurer, Herbert Pelgrim; Sheriff, Cornelius Andre; Judge of Probate, E. P. Kirb\; Prosecuting At tornev, L H. Osterhous; County Surveyor, E. H. Peck; Coroners, Wm. De Kleine and D G. Cook. Oudbier, John, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 33, T. Georgetown P. 0. Hudsonville. 1893. Ovens, lohn, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 14, T. Olive, P. 0. Holland. 1866. Overweg, M., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 18, T. Blendon, P. 0. Zeeland. 1888. Pagelson, D. F., Attorney at Law, Grand Haven. Palmbos, Teunis,. Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 23, T. Zeeland, P. 0. Zeeland. 1892. Park, John M., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 31, T. Wright, P. 0. Coopersville. Mr. Park is married to Miss Edith Lillie. Parker, Daniel, Farmer and Stockraiser, S.'5, T. Chester, P.-0. Casnovia. 1864. Peck, Frank, Farmer, S. 31, T. Wright, P. 0. Coopersville. 1851. Mr. Peck is married to Miss Deana Arnson. He has been prominently identified with the educational affairs in his district. Peck, Louis, Manager of Poor Farm, S. 9, T. Polkton, P. 0. Coopersville. 1884. Peck, Wm. R., Farmer, S. 32, T. Grand Haven, P. 0. Grand Haven. 1894. Peerbolte, L., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 23, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1859. Pelton. Aldridge, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 33, T. Robinson, P. 0. Grand Haven. 1865 Peoples Savings Bank, General Banking, Grand Haven. Peoples Savings Bank, General Banking, Grand Rapids. Peterson, Alfred, Farmer, S. 1, T. Tallmadge, P. 0. Grand Rapids..1902. Peterson, Peter, Farmer, S. 11, T. Tallmadge, P. 0. Berlin. Piebenga, Wmn., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 33, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. Pierce, Williaim,' Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 20, T. Chester, P. 0. Conklin. 1854. Pino, J. S., Manager The Hotel Bristol, Holland. Plaggenmever, Harm, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 35, T. Georgetown, P. 0(). Grandville. 1907. Platt, Louis, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 36, T. Polkton, P. 0. Coopersville. 1859. Poest, Jacob, Real Estate, Zeeland. Ponstein, T., Farmer and Stockraiher, S. 28, T. Blendon, P. 0. Zeeland. 1881. Potts, John, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 1, T. Polkton, P. 0. Coopersville. 1901. Prendergast, Ed., Farmer, S. 33, T. Wright, P. 0. Berlin. 1878. Price, James, Architect, Holland. Quigley, J. M., Farmer, Stockraiser and Highway Commissioner, S. 22, T. Georgetown, P. 0. Grandvilie. 1876. Raak, Lambert, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 2, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1891. Rapp, Alfred E., Farmer, S. 23, T. Tallmadge, P. 0. Berlin. 1893. Rasch, Fred, Farmer, S. 14, T. Wright, P. O. Berlin. Mr. Rasch was born in Ottawa County in 1871. Reeves, Geo. W., Farmer, S. 12, T. Tallmadge, P. 0. Grand Rapids. 1900. Rice, XVm., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 8, T. Polkton, P. 0. Coopersville. 1862. Riemersma, Bert, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 26, T. Olive, P. 0. West Olive. 1875. Riemsma, Jacob, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 26, T. Olive, P. 0. West Olive. 1874. Riemsma, Joe, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 14, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1877. Rietman, John, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 16, T. Blendon, P. 0. Zeeland. 1909 Riley, D. E., Livery and Boarding Stable, Grand Haven. Robbins, Nathaniel, Dealer in Coal, Lime, Cement, etc., Grand Haven. Roberts, W. L., Farmer, S. 1, T. Tallmadge, P. 0. Grand Rapids. 1863. Robinson, Jas. F., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 20, T. Crockery, P. 0. Nunica. 1903. Roede, Frank, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 13, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1911. Roek, Henry, Supervisor of Zeeland Township, Vriesland. Rooks, Gerrit, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 36, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1855. Roon, Peter, Farmer, S, 30, T. Allendale, P. 0. Zeeland. 1903. Roosenraad, C., Insurance, Zeeland. Roossien, Harm, Gardener, Grand Haven. 1874. Root, Geo. H., Farmer and Miller, S. 15, T. Tallmadge, P. 0. Grand Rapids. Mr. Root was born in Ottawa County in 1878. He has served as Township Treasurer. Rozeboon, C. J., Janitor of Pumping Station No. 2, Holland. 1902. Ruch, Jos. N., Farmer, S. 35, T. Grand Haven, P. 0. Grand Haven. 1865. Rymer, Frank, Farmer, S. 23, T. Grand Haven, P2 0. Grand Haven. 1906. Sadler, C. A., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 28, T. Polkton, P. 0. Coopersville. 1868. Schemper, Charles, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 16, T. Olive, P. 0. Holland..1878. Schipper, P., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 8, T. Crockery, P. 0. Nunica. 1899. Schmidt, Ed., Farmer, S. 14, T. Grand Haven, P. 0. Grand Haven. 1865. Schmidt, Fred L, Farmer, S. 10, T. Grand Haven, P. 0. Grand Haven. 1881. Schmidt, Herman M., Farmer, S. 9, T. Grand Haven, P. 0. Grand Haven. 1876. Schoenborn, C., Farmer, S. 15, T. Wright, P. 0. Conklin. 1850. Mr. Schoenborn has served as a Member of the Board ( f Review. Scholten, H., Dairy Farmer, S. 17, T. Zeeland, P. 0. Zeeland. Scholten Bros., Farmers, S. 16, T. Zeeland, P. 0. Zeeland. Schout, H., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 24, T. Olive, P. 0. Zeeland. 1851. Schulke, August, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 3, T. Crockery, P. 0. Nunica. 1907. Schultz, Louis F., Farmer, S. 15, T, Grand Haven, P. 0. Grand Haven. 1907. Schumann, Winfred, Farmer. S. 15, T. Tallmadge, P. 0. Berlin. 1894. Scott-Lugers Lumber Co., Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Lumber, Lath, Lime, Shingles, etc., Holland. Seinen, L., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 27, T. Zeeland, P. 0. Zeeland. 1858. Shepard, Fred, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 2, T. Crockery, P. 0. Nunica. 1867. Shepard, Homer, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 2, T. Crockery, P. 0. Nunica. 1874. Sheridan, John T., Farmer and Highway Commissioner. S. 19, T. Allendale, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1884. Sichterman, Si, Farmer and Stockmaiser, S. 26, T. Polkton, P. 0. Coopersville. 1879. Sichterman, R., Farmer, S. 19, T. Wright, P. 0. Coopersville. 1906. Simmer & Ryan, Hotel, Livery and Dealers in Wines, Liquors and Cigars, Berlin. Sjoerdsma, A. G., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 24, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1882. Skog, Olof, Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 9, T. Spring Lake, P. 0. Spring Lake. 1910. Slag, H. J., Farmer and Stockraiser, S 29, T..Olive, P. 0. Holland. 1891. Slatcr, F. E., Implement Dealer, Coopersville. 1860. Smant, G., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 8, T. Crockery, P. 0., Nun 1896. Smoes, Geert, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 25, T. Polkton, P. 0. Coopersville. 1881. Smith, M. M., Farmer, S. 21, T. Tallmadge, P. 0. Berlin. 1864. Sooy, M. A., Attorney, Holland. Spencer, John, lustice of Peace, Coopersville. 1867. Staple, John, Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 13, T. Spring Lake, P. 0. Spring Lake. 1870. Stark, Henry, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 11, T. Crockery, P. 0. Nunica. 1910. State Commercial and Savings Bank, The, General Banking, Zeeland. Steffins, H., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 26, T. Blendon, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1855. Stegeman, Peter, Farmer and Supervisor, S. 25, T. Blendon, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1881. Stehouwer, Willi m, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 36, T. Polkton, P. 0. Coopersville. 1897. Stephens, Joseph, Farmer, S. 16, T. Wright, P. 0. Conklin. Mr. Stephems was born in Ottawa County in 1849. He is married to Miss Carrie Davis. Stoever, Ferdinand, Farmer, S. 8, T. Polkton, P. 0. Coopersville. 1888. Straight, G. W., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 28, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1900. Stratton, L. A. & Son, Livery, Holland. Strover, John, Farmer, S 6, T. Tallmadge, P. 0. Coopersville. 1884. Superior Pure Ice and Machine Co., Crystal Ice, Holland. Sweetland, D. W., Farmer, S. 32, T. Robinson, P. 0. Grand Haven. 1909. Sytsema, John, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 2, T. Georgetown, P. 0. Jenison. 1903. Tatum, Mdward, Farmer, S. 3, T. Grand Haven, P. 0. Grand Haven. 1910. Taylor, Win., Farmer and Mail Carrier, S. 12, T. Olive, P. 0. West Olive. 1904. Ten Hagen, Jan, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 26, T. Olive, P. 0. West Olive. 1861. Ten Hoeven, John, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 34, T. Olive, P. 0. Holland. 1894. Ter Avest, Gradus, Farmer, S. 19, T. Wright, P. 0. Coopersville. 1900. Te Roller, D J., Insurance and Real Estate, Holland. Terry, Nellie S., Artist, S. 5, T. Grand Haven, P. 0. Grand Haven. 1907. Teunis, G. B., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 3, T. Spring Lake, P. 0. Spring Lake. 1893.

Page  103 PATRONS' REFERENCE DIRECTORY 103 "Timmer, John M., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 22, T. Zeeland, P. 0. Zeeland. 1889. Timmerman, R., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 12, T. Olive, P. 0. Zeeland. 1882. Top, Tymen, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 35, T. Blendon, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1869. "Trimpe, Bastian, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 24, T. Olive, P. 0. Holland. 1894. Tubbs, I. N, Photographer, Grand Haven. 1893. "Turner, George D., Abstracter, Grand Haven. "Tuttle, J. H., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 15, T. Robinson, P. 0. Grand Haven. 1901. 'UJnmer, John, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 1, T. Polkton, P. 0. Conklin. 1887. -Van Allsburg & Mills, Fur iture and Undertaking, Coopersville. "Van Allsburg, Wm., Carpenter, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 25, T. Polkton, P. 0, Coopersville. 1883. Van Appledorn, Wilbert, Fruit Grower and Breeder of Poultry; White Leghorns a Specialty; Manager Holland Hatchery and Poultry Yards, S. 33, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1884. Vandenberg, Henry J., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 16, T. Holland. P. 0. Holland. 1899. Van Den Berg, Teunis, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 33, T. Olive, P. 0. Holland. 1887. Van Den Berg, W. H., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 34, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1862 Van Den Brink, B., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 22, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1875. "Van Den Brink, R., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 27, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1866. Van Den Ende, C., Farmer, and Gardener, S. 32, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1881. Van Der Bosch, Martin, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 10, T. Olive, P. 0. West Olive. 1906. "-Vanderbout, Jas., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 9, T. Polkton, P. 0. Coopersville. 1904. Vanderkolk, Albert, Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 16, T. Spring Lake, P, 0. Spring Lake. 1870. Vanderkolk, R., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 17, T. Spring Lake, P. 0. Spring Lake. 1865. Vander Meulen, C., Attorney at Law, Holland. Van Der Meulen, S., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 36, T. Blendon, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1886. Van Der Schaaf Chas., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 24, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1881. Van Der Veen, W., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 33, T. Polkton, P. 0. Coopersville. 1905. -Van Duren, Arthur, Attorney at Law, Holland. ""Van Eenenaam, D., Livery, Feed and Sale Stables, Zeeland. Van Eenenaam, T., Proprietor Hotel Zeeland, Zeeland. Van Eyck & Weurding, (W. Van Eyck & R. Weurding), Milling, Flour, and all kinds of Feed, Holland. Wan Haftsma, Cornelius, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 24, T. Zeeland, P. 0. Zeeland. 1864. Van Lente, Eldert, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 11, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1893. Van Lozenoord, J., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 10, T. Crockery, P. 0. Nunica. 1877. Van Oordt, C., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 30, T. Polkton, P. 0. Coopersville. 1902. Van Ordt, G., Farmer and Fruit Grower, S. 9, T. Spring Lake, P. 0. Spring Lake. 1898. Van Rhee, John, Farmer and Stockraiser; Manager and Treasurer of Creamery, S. 9, T. Jamestown, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1901. Van Schelvan, G., Postmaster of Holland, Holland. Van Sluys, C., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 10, T. Crockery, P. 0. Nunica. 1887. Van Stratt, John. Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 25, T. Robinson, P. 0. Zeeland. 191 4. Van Tubbengen, John, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 22, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1892. Van Wieren, F., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 23, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 19Q7. Van Wingeren, D., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 32, T. Blendon, P. 0. Zeeland. 1895. Van Wingeren, Peter, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 29, T. Blendon, P. 0. Zeeland. 1897. Van Wynen, Goovert, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 36, T. Olive, P. 0. Holland. 1908. Van Zylen, Peter, Lumber, Coal, Cement and Roofing, Grand Haven. 1877. Velthuis, Henry, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 15, T. Blendon, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1900. Venema, Albert, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 8, T. Polkton, P. 0. Coopersville. 1894. Vereeke, Cornelius P., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 28 and 33, T. Blendon, P. 0. Zeeland. 1911. Veurink, Walter, Farmer, Stockraiser and Cement Worker, S. 31, T. Zeeland, P. 0. Zeeland..... Victory, John, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 27, T. Georgetown, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1897. Visscher, A., Attorney, Holland. Vollmer, L., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 8, T. Robinson, P. 0. Grand Haven. 1896. Von Wynen, G6overt, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 36, T. Olive, P. 0. Holland. Vorbeck, August, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 1, T. Holland, P.' 0. Holland. 1896. "Wachs, D. C., Justice, Grand Haven. Walcott, Horace H., Farmer, S. 18, T. Wright, P. 0. Coopersville. Mr. Walcott was born in Ottawa County in 1876. He is married to Miss Alice Noble of Polkton Township. Wagner, Harry, Farm-ner and Stockraiser, S. 5, T. Georgetown, P. 0. Jenison. 1894. Walker, Isaac. Farmer, S. 36, T. Wright, P. 0. Berlin 1844. Mr. Walker has served as Justice of Peace and School Inspector. Wallenzin, Louis, Creamery, Agnew. 1906. Walters, Ben, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 24, T. Olive, P. 0. West Olive. 1899. Walters, D., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 20, T. Blendon, P. 0. Zeeland. 1893. "WVassink, J., Farmer] and Stockraiser, S. 36, T. Olive, P. 0. West Olive. 1901. Watson, Edward, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 13, T. Georgetown, P. 0. Jenison. 1873. Mr. Watson has served as Supervisor. Weersing, John, Notary Public, Real Estateand InsuranceeAgent, Holland. "WVelton, Clyde S., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 3, T. Crockery, P. O. Nunica. 1909. WVesterhouse, K., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 5, T. Spring Lake, P. 0. Spring Lake: 1908. White, Geo., Farmer, S. 28, T. Tallmadge, P. 0. Berlin. Mr. White is a native of Ottawa County. Wilde, John F, Farmer and District Manager of the American Yeoman, S. 20, T. Wright, P. 0. Coopersville. 1876. Mr. Wilde is married to Miss Emma Dickerson. Wills, John, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 25, T. Spring Lake, P. 0. Spring Lake. 1866. Wilterdink, John W., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 34, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1847. Wing, W. H., Furniture Manufacturer, Holland. 1891. Winters, John, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 24, T. Zeeland, P. 0. Zeeland. 1871. Witcop. Jacob. Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 35, T. Polkton, P. 0. Coopersville. 1845. Witcop, Fred, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 36, T. Polkton, P. 0. Coopersville. 1908. Wittenger, H. J., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 34, T. Blendon, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1866. Witteveen, John G., Farmer, Stockraiser and Member Board of Review, S. 22, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1868. "WVitteveen, Martin J., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 27, T. Holland, P. 0. Holland. 1867. Wolbink, J. J. & C. E., Dealers in General Merchandise, Allendale. "Workman, Henry, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 33, T. Polkton, P. 0. Coopersville. 1878. Yemmans, H. E., Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 36, T. Georgetown, P. 0. Grandville. 1877.. Yonkers, F., Farmer and Celery Grower, S. 30, T. Georgetown, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1897. Yntema, Gerrit, Farmer, Stockraiser and Supervisor, S. 20, T. Jamestown, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1899. Zeeland Record Co., The, Commercial Printing, Zeeland. Zeeland State Bank, General Banking, Zeeland. Zimmerman, Herman, Farmer, S. 26, T. Grand Haven, P. 0. Grand Haven. 1883. Zoet, Hannes, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 35, T. Blendon, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1874. Zwemer, II. P., Fuel and Feed, Holland. 1893. Zwenvenink, G., Jr.. Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 29, T. Blendon, P. 0. Zeeland. 1908 Zylstra, Dick, Farmer and Stockraiser, S. 7, T. Jamestown, P. 0. Hudsonville. 1881............. ROBERT ALWARD, Pres.-Treas. WM. McCRODAN, Vice Pres. D. W. COLBURN, Sec'y. Assets, $10,125,000. MUTUAL' rre n.suranlce COM-PANY - of - Kent, Alegan 1 Ottawa Counlies. DIRECTORS: C. H. Carlyle, Chas. J. Rice, E A. Hoqg, W. McCrodan, J. W. Shisler, H. D. Smith, Wm H. McCarn, D. D Tourtellotte, F. E. Berry, A. I. Fairbanks, John Cooney, L. M. Wolf, Martin Van Loo. Office, 77 Lyon St.; Bell Tel. 317 rand Rapids: Michigan. Blink Brothers PROPRIETORS Ber~un Mill Ehvator WE BUY WHIEAT, CORN, OATS, ETC. Custonm Grinding done Every Day. Our prices are the lowest and quality the best. Give us a trial -once a customer, always one. We exchange Flour for Wheat. We Sell the Highest Grades of HARD AND SOFT 00A L,el Some of the Things We Sell: Coal, Lime, Newaigo Partland Cement, Wall Plaster, Lumber, Salt, Shingles, New Perfection and Crescent Flour, Feed and Meal, Bran and Middlings, Oil Meal, Cotton Seed Meal, Gluten Meal, Hammond Feed. Bell Phone 3390, 2 rings. Berlin:: Michigan M VORTIMtER A. SOO0 Attorney at Law Citizens' Phone 1525 11 East Eighth St. HOLLAND: MICHIGAN THOS. HEFFERAN, Pres. WM. ALDEN SMITH, Vice Pres. SAMUEL M. LEMON, V. P. EUGENE D. CONGER, Cashier. T. WM. HEFFER.XN, Ass't Cashier. THE People' a n OFGRAND RAFIDS. There is Nothing in safe Bank= ing That We Can Not Performe DIRECTORS: Thomas Hefferan, President; Eugene D. Conger, Cashier; Amos S. Musselman, President Nalional Grocery Co.; Christian Bertsch, President Herold Bertsch Shoe Co.; John W. Blodgett, Lumberman; William H. Anderson, President Fourth National Bank; Alfred D. Rathbone, President Rathbone-Panigot Co.; Victor M. Tuthill, Baldwin, Tuthill & 3olton; J. Boyd Pantlind, Morton House and Pantlind Hotel; Samuel M. Lemon, President Lemon & Wheler Co.; Reuben Bliomer, Real Estate; Wm. Logie, Rindge. Kalmback, Logie & Co.; John Murray, Capicalist; Wm. H. Gay, Berkey & Gay Furniture Co.; William Alden Smith, U. S. Senator. m Id THL BTELN HOTEL where you will receive First-dass Accomodations Gooad Sale and Feed in connection. Also a Tine Eile of and Cigars, Your Patronage Solicited. SIMMER & RYAN PROPRIETORS. BERLIN: MICHIGAN C;ore 1De Keyzer REAL ESTATE NOTARY SPECIALIST PUBLIC Fire Insurance Agent wants you to know that he can SELL, RENT or EXCHANGE your Farm, your House and Lot, your Vacant Lots or your Business, and do it QUICK. Buyers, Why waste your time and money looking around for bargains in real estate? Go to DeKeyzer -he's got the bargain you are looking for. Try him, for it does not cost vyu anything to find out.: Phone 1424. Cur., 18th and River Sts. HOLLAND:: MICHIGAN J. DEN HERDER, Pres. F. BOONSTRA, V. P. C. J. DEN HERDER, Cash. ZEEiLAND Sjtate Bank', GENERAL BANKING Directors: J. Den Herder, F. Boonstra, T. G. Huizinga, A. La Huis, H. DeKruif, J. Veneklasen, C. J. Den Herder. ZEELAND:: MICHIGAN D. B. K. VAN RAALTE, Pres. B. L. SCOTT, Vice Pres. and Mgr. LUKE LUGERS, Sec'y. JOHN KOOIKER, Treas. SCOT=- L UGERSn LUMBER CO. Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Lumber, Lath, Limne and Shingles Sash, Doors, Blinds, Porch Columns, Brackets, Newels, etc. Paints, Oils and Glass. Dock and Lumber Yard, Corner River and Hifth Streets. Office, 236 River Street, HOLLAND: MICH. Urand Rapiods Mihia Adwd Lornelu*s Roosearaad FIRST STATE BANK G. J. DIEKEMA, President. JOHN W. BEARDSLEE, Vice President. G. W. MOKMA, Cashier. H. J. LUIDENS, Assistant Cashier. Directors: J. W. Bosman, J. W. Beardslee, H. Kremers, G. J. Kollen. J. W. Garvelink, G. W. Mokma, G. J. Diekema, I. Marsilje, W. J. Garrod. Holl a, The Superior Pure Ice and MACHINE COMPANY Pare Crystal Ie HOLLAND: 9 MICH. Post Block Hollaad, Mich. JAMES PRICE ARCHITECT AND SURVEYOR J W. Oakes & Co. lirend U'Isscber ames F. BOLHUIS, Pres. and Mgr. H. H. FREDRICKS, Vice Pres. D. W. JEIJEMA, Sec'y-Treas. Bos--Bolhuis Lumber Co. Lumber Iterior Finish Yard, Factorv and Office, 17th St. and P. M. R. R. Citizens Tel. 1121 iolad: on: fichiga Rooney at Eaw 0 ID Holla, nd Mich$ Granda: HMichigan Zeeland Michigan, I I EMZPI

Page  104 / ADVLRTISING SLOETION I-.ISAAC KOUW ADRIAN VAN PUTTEN saac Kouw & Coo Loans and Renting Real Estate and Insurance NOTARIES PUBLIC Farms, Resort and City Property For Sale, Rent and Exchange. Large, Complete List Free. 36 W. 8th St., Holland, Mich. L4, A,,Stratton j:S' Popular LIVERY Boarding, Sale and Feed Stables At Reasonable Prices. Northwest Corner Central Avenue and Seventh Street. Bell Phone No. 41. Citizens' Phone No. 79. HOLLAND MICH. J ONH KRAMER DEALER IN General Merchandise. Blacksmith Shop in connection. Careful Attention Given All Work. High Class Horses and Mules Bought and Sold. J. He Nibbelink & Son Livery Undertaking Exchange and Boarding Stables. Both Phones. Everything first-class. New Brick, 18 West Ninth St. A, L FALLIS Dealer In Groceries I Provisions Flour, Feed, Hay and Grain. Crockcry and Glassware. Coal and Wood. Livery, Team Work, Draying and Moving. Agent for G. R., G. H & M. Ry. Bell Phone 60. SPRING LAKE MICH. LAMONT MICH. HOLLAND' MICH. I G. MOEKE J. H. MOEKK B. MOEKE G. Ioeker& Sons Retail Dealers in Lumber, Lath, Shingles D. Van Eenenaam LIVERY FEED AND SALE STABL.ES. First Class Outfits, at Reasonable Rates. Citizens Phone No. 29 2-R. CHAS. H. McPRIDE, P. H. McBRIDE Attorney at Law 'has. H. rl Blwri^d and P. H. McBride, H. A. Naberhuis CIVIL ENGINEER Surveys, Plans, Specifications and Estimates for municipal work. CITY ENGINEER Office. McBride Bldg., Cor. River and Eighth Sts. Phone 1378. Co u6REINER W. V. GarrPd (nsuranme Holland: Michigan Holland Hatchery and Poultry Yards. W. VAN APPLEDORN, MANAGER. HOLLAND MICH. J. J. & C. E. EWolbink DEALERS IN and And Interior Finish. Phone 134 ZEELAND Fire and Liability I NSURAN CE,. River and Eighth Sts. MICH, Pure Bred Stock and Farm Sales. Real Estate and Merchandise. Call or Write Me For Dates. John G. Ter Avest ZEELAND MICH. IHOLLAND MICH. I HOLLAND 11 - I I: MICH. BERLIN:: MICH. John Weersing0 I He 0 0 0 P P60ples Savings Bank DEALER IN Real Estate and Insurance Agent General Merchandise Cit. Phone COOPERSVILLE, MICH, SSteam Heat Hot and Cold Water Electric Lights European Plan The Hotel Blrist0o J. S. PINO, Manager. Four West Eighth Street HOLLAND: MICH. Nathaniel Robbins DEALER IN Coal, Lime, Cement, Hair, Fire Brick, Clay. Forwarding and Ticket Agent for GOODRICH- TRANSIT Co., GRAND RIVER LINE STEAMERS, and G. R., G. H. & M. Ry. Grand Haven: Mich. HOLLAND MICH. IBORCULO MICH. Grand Haven,:- Mich.I HOLLAND Citizens Phone 1764, Office. Citizens Phone 1294, Res. Residence, 122 East Sixteenth Street. Office, McBride Block, Corner River and Eighth Streets Established 1893 Incorporated 1908 Goo, J. he... Zeeland Riecord Company Commercial Printing. Ma-plewood Farm BREEDERS OF High Grade Jersey Cattle Duroc-Jersey Swine Rhode Island Poultry. Citizens Phone 56-22 COOPERSVILLET, MICH. Coopersvlille COLON C. LILLIE, Pres. JOHN WEATHERWAX, V. P. F. D. SMITH, Second V. P. M. DURHAM, Cashier. GERTIE COMSTOCK, Ass't Cash. ISAAC MARSILJE THOS. H. MARSILJE Mnarsilje & Son Fire Insurance Real Estate and Loans Third Floor, First State Bank Bldg. DR. EDWARD HOFYMA, Pres. THOS. HPFFEREN, V. P. Grand Rapids WM. THEILEMAN, Second V. P. D. BAKER, Third V. P. JACOB L. DORNBOS, Cashier. Capital, $50,000; stockholders' addi tional liability, $50,000; total liability, $100,000; deposits, $350,Ot 0. Pays 3/2 per ct. on time deposits. Lends on real estate on liberal terms. See us. Citizens Phone 68. Citizens Phone 1212. ZEELAND BENJ. A. MULDER Editor and Manager J011aind City News Mulder Bros. & Whelan, Proprietors. Book and General Commercial EsPRINTING.shed1872. Established 1872. MICH. Coopersville,: Michigan. I HOLLAND MICH. THE u ILDNER H. GILDNER PROPRIETOR GRAND HAVEN, MICH.: MICH. I Full Line of Groceries, Household Articles, Etc. H. P. 9 WEER DEALER IN Coal and Wood Hay, Straw, Feed, Salt and Produce. Fertilizer, Posts and Roofing. 275 East Eighth Street. Phone 1460. Cw Norhuise Livery 4 Feed Stables For hearse work or undertaking jobs, call Zeeland, phone 37. Citizens' Phone 37 ALLENDALE MICH. GEO. A. FARR, SR. GEO. A. FARR, JR. Ta rr:arr ATTORNEYS Grand Haven o Mich. GERRIT J. DIEKE]MA GEO. E. KOLLEN DANIEL TEN CATIý HOYT G. POST ltekUema & Kolaen Derks & Buter HARD AND SOFT COAL Wood, Lime, Jaiprett N. C"lark and Counselor at Law. Practices in All Courts. HOLLAND: MICH. ZEELAND 0 fl ~ 0 Michigan ZEELAND MICH. JACO0B POEST Real Estate Farms Bought and Sold. Houses and Lots for Sale onr easy terms. Houses For Rent. Office over State Commercial and Savings Bank. Citizens Phone Zeeland Mich. A Complete Line of Staple and Fancy GROCERIES P. C. NORTHOUSE, GRAND HAVEN, MICE. h'e Wt-ste-ri Michigan Re.alty Company Offices in Grand Haven and Chicago. Buy,,ell and Exchange Real Estate of every description. Ottawa and Muskegon County Farm and Resort Property a Specialty. All Kinds of Building Material. FINE INTERIOR FINISH. Office, Yard and Factory, West Sixteenth St. and City Limits, HOLLAND MICH. Arthur Van Buren Rotoney at Eaw 14 West Eighth St. Holland Michigan ZEELAND: MICH. Dealer in Grain. Sawmill in connection. Custom work given prompt attention. Holland Se'ntlonlel 11"ý Publohing Coo -Holland, MI'Ochigan. WEST OLIVE,j MICH. m II I..U.... " I '

Page  105 PAGE io5 ILLUSTRATIONS m I AUGUST HOERICH. BURT P. HATCH. C. DE VOS, Editor Coopersville Observer. H. E. JENISON. EDWARD P. KIRBY, Judge of Probate. Grand Haven, Mich. GERRIT ROOKS AND FAMILY. WHITE BROTHERS. OTTAWA COUNTY COURT HOUSE, GRAND HAVEN, MICHIGAN. G. VAN SCHELVEN. COR. DE KEYZER. ISAAC M.\RSIL i. KLAUS BAKER. ISAAC KOUW. H. P. ZWEMER. JOHN VAN RHEE. D. M. JENISON. M. M. SMITH. RALPH GERRITS.

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Page  107 ILLUSTRATIONS PAGE 107 JOS. N. RUCH. PETER M. NIENHUIS. JOHN G. TER AVEST. ADRIAN VAN PUTTEN. MARQIUS L. JOSCELYN, R. H\ COOK AND FAMILY. R. H. COOK AND FAMILY. JOHN PARK AND FAMILY. ED. JOHNSON AND FAMILY. 1.-City Hall, Holland. 2.-Van Raalta Hall, Holland. 3.-High School, Grand Haven. 4.-Post Office, Grand Haven. 5.-Graves Library, Holland. 6.-Twenty-fourth Street School, Holland, Michigan. PAUL NAUTA AND FAMILY. MR. AND MRS ALFRED PETERSON. MR. AND MRS. PETER BROWN. MR. AND MRS. J. M. QUIGLEY. FRED H. CAMPBELL AND LIZZIE L. CAMPBELL. HOMEI OF PETER STEGE MAN. PEOPLES SAVINGS BANK OF GRAND HAVEN, MICH. RESIDENCE OF FRED WITCOP. FRANK S. BALDWIN, READY FOR MARKET.

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Page  109 SILLUUSTRFRfTION PAGE 109 HL FRED CROSS. GOVERT VAN WYNEN. THOS. WILDE. CORNELIUS ANDRE. ISAAC WALKER. 1REV. G. GUTHANSEN AND RESIDENCE, SISTERS' RESIDENCE, CHURCH AND SCHOOL, CONKLIN, MICHIGAN. 1.-First M. E Church, Holland. 2.-Arch Street, Berlin. 3.-G. R., G. H., and M. Railway Depot, Berlin. 4.-Water Street, Berlin. RESIDENCE AND SCENES ON FARM OF W. L. ROBERTS AND SONS. FRED ANDERSON AND FAMILY. SIENE T. DEVRIES AND FAMILY. W. S. R7OoT, FATHER AND SONS. GEO. W. REEVES AND FAMILY. BEN HARMSEN AND FAMILY. MR. AND MRS. ED. PRENDERGAST AND MIKEJ PRENDERGAST. JOSEPH FRITZ AND FAMILY. JOSEPH AND JEONETTE DYKE.

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Page  111 ^ ILLUST RATIONS PAGE iii MR. AND MRS. PETER A. LOTHSCHUTZ. PETER PETERSON AND FAMILY. ORLANDO MACANN. EFFIE FERN CROSS AND RUTH ELBERS. G. DE JONG. RICKLE COOK AND TEAM AT WORK IN FIELD. STORE OF H. P. ZWEMER. 1.-Berlin State Bank. 2.-Berlin Hotel. 3.-High School, Berlin, Michigan. RESIDENCE OF M. E. NIENHUIS. RESIDENCE OF HENRY HAZE KAMP. RESIDENCE OF A. V. CARLSON. RESIDENCE OF E. E. BURLINGAME. RESIDENCE OF EDWIN FELLOWS. RESIDENCE OF M. M. SMITH. RESIDENCE OF HORACE H. WALCOTT. RESIDENCE OF JOSEPH FRITZ. RESIDENCE OF A. J. KNIGHT. RESIDENCE OF BEN HARMSEN.

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Page  113 SILLUSTRFATIONS PAGE 113 RESIDENCE OF FRED ANDERSON. RESIDENCE OF ISAAC WALKER. RESIDENCE OF A. J. NIENHUIS. OLD RESIDENCE OF JOSEPH FRITZ. RESIDENCE OF SI. SICHTERMAN. RESIDENCE OF ED JOHNSON. RESIDENCE OF GERRIT YNTEMA. RESIDENCE OF PETER A. LOTHSCHUTZ. RESIDENCE OF BEN HARMSEN. RESIDENCE OF FRED CROSS. RESIDENCE OF WALTER VRIELING. RESIDENCE OF JOHN PARK. JAMES DYKE. RESIDENCE OF E. J. COURTRIGHT. JERSEY CATTLE OF JOHN PARK. SCENE OF FARM OF COLON C. LILLIE. RESIDENCE AND BARN OF JOHN A. GILBERT, JR. THEODORE STRONGWOOD, Owned by Al Simmer. RESIDENCE AND BARN OF H. HYMA. JERSEY BULL, Propertx of F. S. Cook. RESIDENCE AND BARN OF PAUL NAUTA.

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Page  115 UNITED STATE=S LAND SURIIEYS SUPPLEMENT I. ANA YS I S OF TH SYSTEM opF AF71h ALMMM AL=mM tame L Eon METES AND BOUNDS r-- P to the time of the Revolutionary War, or until about the beginning of the present century, land, when parcelled ot n sold or granted, was described by "Metes and Bounds," and that system is still in existence in the following Staeori those portions of them which had been sold or granted when the present plan of surveys was adopted, viz.: NewYok Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North and South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, KentuckyTxs and the six New England States. To describe land by ",Metes and Bounds," is to have a known land-mark for a place of begnig.and then follow a line according to the compass-needle (or magnetic bearing), or the course of a stream, or track of' an ancind ih way. This plan has resulted in endless confusion and litigation, as land-marks decay and change, and it is a- well-knownfatht the compass-needle varies and does not always point due North..As an exa 'mple of this plan of dividing lands, the follow 'ing description of a farm laid out by "14Metes and Bounds,"isgvn "Beginning at a stone on the Bank of Doe River, at a point where the highway from A. to B. crosses said river (see point makdC on Diagra-m 1);- thence 40'. North of West 100 rods to a large stump; thence 100 North of West 90 rods; thence 15' West of Nrh8 rods to an oak tree (see Witness Tree on Diagram 1); thence due East 150 i'ods to the highway; thence followinig the cours f h highway 50 rods due North; thence 50 North of East 90 rods; thence 450 East of South 60 rods; thence 100 North of East 20rd to the Doe River; thence following the course of the river Southwesterly to the place of beginning." This, which is a verysipl and moderate description by 6"Metes and Bounds," would leave the boundaries of the farm as shown in Diagram 1. DIAGRAM 2 THE present system of Governmental Land Surveys was adopted by Congress on the 7th of May, 1785. It has been in use ever. since and is the legal method of de'scribing and dividing lands. It is called the "Rectangular System," that is, all its distances and bearings are measured from two lines which are at right angles to each other, viz.:+I. These two lines, from which the measurements are made., are the Principal Meridians, which run North and South, and the Base Lines which runý East and West. These Principal Meridians are established, with great accuracy. Each Principal Meridian has its Base Line, and these two lines form. the basis or foundation for the surveys or measurement of all. the lands within the territory which they control. Diagram 2 shows all of the Principal Meridians and Base Lines in the United States, and from it the territory governed by each Meridian and Base Line may be readily distinguished. Each Meridian and Base Line is marked with its proper number or name. Diagram 3 illustrates what is meant when this method is termed the "Rectangular System," and how the measurements are based on lines which run at right angles to each other. The heavy line running North and South (marked A. A.) on Diagram 3, represents the Principal Meridian, in this case say the 5th Principal Meridian. The heavy line running East and West (marked B. B.) is the Base Line.T These- lihes are used as the starting points or basis of all rheasurements or surveys made in territory controlled by the 5th Principal Meridian. The same fact applies to all other Principal Meridians and their Base Lines. Commencing at the Principal Meridian, at intervals of six miles, lines are. run North and South, parallel to the Meridian., This plan is followed both East and West of the Meridian throughout the territory controlled by the Meridian. Entered According to Act of Congress, in the year 1909, by Geo. A. Ogle & Co., in the office of the Librarian of Congress at Washington D. C.

Page  116 UNITED STATES LAND SURVEYS SUPPLEMENT II., These lines are termed ",Range Lines." They divide the land into strips or divisions six miles wide, extending North and South, parallel With the Meridian. Each division is called a Range. Ranges are numbered from one upward, commc- cing at the Meridian; and their numbers are indicated by Roman characters. For instance, the first division (or first six miles5 west of the Meridian is Range I. West; the next is Range II. West; then comes Range III., IV., V., VI., VII., and so on, until the territory governed by another Principal Meridian is reached. In the same manner the Ranges East of the Meridian are numbered, the words East or West being always used to indicate the direction from the Principal Meridian. See Diagram 3. SCommencing at the Base Line, at intervals of six miles, lines are run East and West parallel with the Base Lzie. These are designated as Township Lines. They divide the land into strips or divisions six miles wide, extending East and West, parallel with the Base Line. This plan is followed both North and South of the Base Line until the territory governed by another Principal Meridian and Base Line is reached. These divisions or Townships are numbered from one upward, both North and South of the Base Line, and their numbers are indicated by figures. For instance: The first six mile division iNorth of the Base Line is Township 1 North; the next is Township 2 North; then comes Township 3, 4, 5, and 6, North, and so on. The same plan is followed South of the Base Line; the Townships being designated as Township 1 South, Township 2 South, and so on. The "North" or "South" (the initials N. or S. being generally used) indicates the direction from the Base Line. See Diagram 3. These Township and Range Lines, crossing each other, as shown in Diagram 3, form squares, which are called "Townships" or "Government Townships," which are six miles square, or as nearly that as it is possible to make them. These Townships are a very important feature in locating or describing a piece of land. The location of a Government Township, however, is very readily found when the number of the Township and Range is given, by merely counting the number indicated from the Base Line and Principal Meridian. As an example of this, Township 8 North, Range 4, West of the 5th Principal Meridian, is at once located on the square marked * on Diagram 3, by counting eight tiers north of the Base Line and 4 tiers west of the Meridian. -Soak&" V 'A DIAGRAM &I TOWNSHIPS OF LAND, w rOWNSHIPS are the largest subdivisions of land run out by the United States Surveyors. In the Governmental Surveys Township Lines are the first to be run, and a Township Corner is established every six miles and marked. This is called "Townshipping." After the Township Corners have been carefully located,the Section and Quarter Section Corners are established. Each Township is six miles square and contains 23,040 acres, or 36 square miles, as near as it is possible to make them. This, however, is frequently made impossible by, (1st) the presence of lakes and large dtreams; (2nd) by State boundaries not falling exactly on Township Lines; (3rd) by the convergence of Meridians or curvature of the earth's surface; and (4th) by inaccurate surveys. Each Township, unless it is one of the exceptional cases referred to, is divided into 36 squares, which are called Sections. These Sections are intended to be one mile, or 320 rods, square and contain 640 acres of land. Sections are numbered consecutively from 1 to 36, as shown on Diagram 4. Beginning with Section 1 in the Northeast Corner, they run West to 6, then East to 12, then West to 18, and so on, back and forth, until they end with Section 36 in the Southeast Corner. Diagram 4 shows a plat of a Township as it is divided and platted by the government surveyors. These Townships are called Government Townships or Congressional Townships, to distinguish them from Civil Townships or organized Townships, as frequently the lines of organized Townships do not conform to the Government Township lines. I 10~ FR.CTIONAL PIECES OF LAND, 1ONGRESSIONAL Townships vary considerably as to size and boundaries. Mistakes made in surveying and the 0 ^ Cfact that Meridians converge as they Srun North cause every Township to vary S " 14 more or less from the 23,040 acres which a perfect Township would contain. See Diagram 4. In arranging a Township into Sections all the surplus or deficiency of land S.... - is given to, or taken from, the North and SWest tiers of Sections. In other words, all 4 J8 &1 Sections in the Township are made full2 2 3 $ 640' acres-except those on the North and S|23 A 4 * g24 West, which are given all the land that is 1 144 0 t tlef t after forming the other25Sections. t I Tin3BE Diagram 4 illustrates how the surplus or deficiency is distributed and the Sections it a- 2ects. It will be seen that Sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 18, 19, 30 and 31, are the "Fractional Sections," or the Sections which are affected if the Township overruns 2 26 95 or falls short. Inside of these Fractional Sections, all of the surplus or deficiency of land (over or under 640 acres) is carried to Sthe " forties" or "eighties" that touch the...... - Township Line. These pieces of land are * called "Fractional Forties" or "Fractional CR Eighties," as the case may be. Diagrams 4 34ai and 6 show the manner of marking the * " a ^ acreage and outlining the boundaries of these " Fractions." Diagram 6 illustrates how the surplus or ________ _ ______~___ ~deficiency of land inside of these Sections is _______.__ distributed and which "forties"or "eighties" it affects. From this arrangement it will be seen that in any Section that touches the North or West Township Lines, the Southeast Quarter may be full-160 acres-while another quarter of the same Section may be much larger or smaller. Frequently these fractional "forties" or "eighties" are lotted as shown in Diagram 6. They are always described as fractional tracts of land, as the "fractional S.W. j of Section 6," etc. Of course those portions of these Sections which are not affected by these variations are described in the usual manner-as Southeast ~ of Section 6. As a rule Townships are narrower at the North than at the South side. The Meridians of Longitude (which run North and South) converge as they run North and South from the Equator. They begin at the Equator with a definite width between them and gradually converge until they all meet at the poles. Now, as the Range lines are run North and South, it will at once be seen that the convergence of Meridians will cau2- every Congressional Township (North of the Equator) to be narrower atits North than at its South side, as stated. See Diagram 4. In addition to this fact, mistakes of measurement are constantly and almost unavoidably made SECTIONS OF LAND. IAGRAM 5 illustrates how a section.. B36. I may be subdivided, although the m-----I Diagram only gives a few of the n. j many subdivisions into which a. section may be divided. All Sections (except fractional Sections) are supposed to be 320 rods, or one mile, square and therefore contain 640 acres-a number easily divisible. Sections are subdivided into fractional parts to suit the convenience of the owners of the land. A half-section contains 320 acres; a quarter-section contains 160 acres; half of a quarter contains 80 acres, and quarter of a quarter contains 40 acres, and so on. Each piece of land is described according to the portion of the section which it embraces-as the Northeast quarter of Section 10; or the Southeast quarter of the Southeast quarter of Section 10. Diagram 5 shows how many of these subdivisions are platted, and also shows the plan of designating and describing them by initial letters as each parcel of land on the Diagram is marked with its description. As has already been stated, all Sections (except Fractional Sections which are explained elsewhere) are supposed to contain 640 acres, and even though mistakes have been made in surveying, as is frequently the case, making sections larger or smaller than 640 acres, the Government recognizes no variation, but, sells or grants each regular section as containing 640 acres "more or less." The Government Surveyors are notV required to subdivide, sections by running lines within them, but they usually establish Quarter Posts on Section Lines on each side of a section at the noints marked A. B. C. and D. on Diagram 5. After establishing Township corners, Section Lines are the next to be run, and section cor" --- ' " ners are established. When these are carefully DIAGRAI 5. located the Quarter Posts are located at points as nearly equidistant between Section Corners as possible. These corners when established by Government Surveyors cannot be changed, even though it is conclusively shown that mistakes have been made which cause some sections or t N.. E. 1/4 quarter sections to be either larger or smaller u "than others. The laws, however, of all the oj States provide certain rules for local surveyors < to follow in dividing Sections into smaller S160 A. parcels of land than has been outlined in the a 4G 10....-overnmental surveys. For instance, in dividSCO ing a quarter section into two parcels, the disSN V2 of S. E 1/4 ance between the Government Corners is careS* fully measured and the new post is located at a d 80 A. point equidistant between them. This plan is 10 N. %Of S - - followed in running out eighties," forties," of S.E. Y S. E.4 1 " twenties," etc. In this way, if the Govern(20 A.) of S.,E.'/, ment division overruns or falls short, each S. M Of S-W. 14 s ofS.WY portion gains or loses its proportion. This is S(20 A.) 40 A. not the case, however, with Fractional Sections SUBDIVIDING- A BECTION. along.the North or West sides of a Township, ow_ __ _______ or adjoining a lake or large stream. iiý in running both Township and Range lines, and if no new starting points were established the lines would become confused and unreliable, and the size and shape of Townships materially affected by the time the surveys had extended even a hundred miles from the Base Line and Principal Meridian. In order to correct the surveys and variations caused by the difference of latitude and straighten the lines, "Correction Lines" (or Guide Meridians and Standard Parallels) are established at frequent intervals, usually as follows: North of the Base Line a Correction Line is run East and West parallel with the Base Line, usually every twenty-four miles. South of the Base Line a Correction Line is usually established every thirty miles. Both East and West of the Principal Meridian "Correction Lines" are usually established every 48 miles. All Correction Lines are located by careful measurement, and the succeeding surveys are based upon them. Entered According to Act of Congress, in the year 1909, by Geo. A. Ogle & Co., in the office of the Librarian of Congress, Washington, D. C.

Page  117 SUPPLEMENT III DIGEST OF "THE SYSTEM OF CIVIL GOVERNMENT DIGEST OFT SYSTEM OF NCIVIL GOVERNMENT WITH A REVIEW OF THE Duties and Powers of the Principal Officials Connected with the Various Branches of National, State, County and Township Government. NATIONAL GOVERNMENT THE GOVERNMENT of the United States is one of limited and specific powers, strictly outlined and defined by a written constitution. The constitution was adopted in 1787, and, with the amendments that have since been made, it forms the basis of the entire fabric of government under which we live. The constitution created three distinct branches of government, each of which is entirely separate and distinct from the others. They are the executive, legislative and judicial departments. The constitution specifically vests the executive power in the President, but all members of the cabinet are usually classed with the executive department; the legislative power is held by Congress, and the judicial authority is vested in the Supreme Court and various other courts which Congress has provided for in pursuance of the provisions of the constitution. It has been the aim of these pages to explain each of these different branches of government, and to briefly review the duties and powers of the principal officials connected with each department. The President and Vice-President are elected by popular vote, but the vote of each State is separate, so that a candidate may have a large majority of the aggregate popular vote of the country and yet fail to be elected. The Presidential election is held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November, when Presidential electors are chosen in and for the various States, each State having as many electors as it has representatives in both branches of Congress. The electors are chosen by the ballots of the people of their States, and all the electors of a State constitute an electoral college. The electors meet in each State at the capital on the first Wednesday in December following a National election and vote for President and Vice-President, certificates of which are forwarded to the President of the Senate, at Washington, who, on the second Wednesday in February opens the certificates and counts the votes in the presence of both Houses of Congress and declares the result; and the final step is the inauguration, which takes place on the 4th of March. The law provides that if neither of the candidates have a majority then the House of Representatives shall elect a President from the three candidates receiving the highest electoral vote. In elections of this kind each State is entitled to only one vote. and twothirds of the States form a quorum. PRESIDENT OF T-HE UNITED STATES. The President is the highest executive officer of the United States. He is elected for the term of four years, and receives a salary of $75,000 per annum. He must be thirty-five years old or more, and a nativeborn citizen of the United States. The President is charged with a general supervision over the faithful execution of laws passed by Congress, and has supervision over all executive departments of the government. He appoints a Cabinet of nine officials who become the heads of the various departments, and these departments are intended to be managed and conducted as the President directs. The President is Commanderin-Chief of the Army and Navy. He has power to grant pardons and reprieves for all offenses against the United States, except in cases of impeachment; has power, with the advice and consent of the Senate, to make treaties. He nominates, and with the advise and consent of the Senate, appoints Ambassadors and other public Ministers and Consuls, all Judges of the United States courts, and all other executive officers of the United States, except in such cases where the appointments may be vested in the various "departments." When the Senate is not in session he can appoint, subject to its action when it reassembles. He has power, in certain extraordinary occasions, to call together both Houses of Congress, or either of them, in extra session; and is required from time to time to communicate with Congress, as to the state of the Union, and offer such suggestions or recommendations as he may deem proper. He is empowered to approve or veto all measures adopted by Congress, but it is provided that any measure may be passed over his veto- by a two-thirds vote of Congress. ), The President consults frequently with his Cabinet, and nearly all important official matters are discussed by that body. In case the office of President becomes vacant through the death, removal or resignation of the incumbent, the law provides that the office shall in turn be filled by the Vice-President, Secretary of State, and other Cabinet Ministers in regular order. VICE PRESIDENT. The Vice-President of the United States is elected for the term of four years, and receives a salary of $12,000. In case of the death, removal or resignation of the President, the Vice-President succeeds himn. The chief duty of the Vice-President is to act as the presiding officer of the Senate. He has no vote in the Senate, except in case of a tie, or an equal division of the members of that body. The VicePresident administers the oath of office to the Senators. STATE DEPARTMENT. The head of this department is the Secretary of State, who is appointed by the President as a member of the Cabinet, and receives a salary of $8,000 per year. The law provides that in case the office of President becomes vacant, through the death,'removal or resignation of both the President and Vice-President, the Secretary of State assumes the duties of the Presidency. The Secretary of State may be said to be the official Secretary of the President, and countersigns all commissions issued by the President. ) The Secretary of State is the head of the Department of State and is the chief diplomatic officer of the United States. In his department and under his supervision is conducted the public business relating to foreign affairs; to correspondence, commissions or instructions to or with public Ministers from the United States; or to negotiations with Ministers from foreign States; or to memorials or other applications from foreigners, or foreign public Ministers, or citizens of this country in foreign lands, or complications arising therefrom. The Secretary of State also has charge of all other business connected with foreign affairs, extradition matters and diplomatic officers; furnishing passports to vessels going to foreign countries, etc., and has charge of the Great Seal of the United States. Connected vith the Department of State and forming a part of it in the great work of performing and caring for the duties outlined are the following bureaus: The Diplomatic Bureau, which looks afte-r the affairs pertaining to foreign governments. The Consuiar Bureau, correspondence w-ith consulates. The Bureau of Indexes and Archives, the duties of w chb are to open the official mails, prepare an abstract of the dally correspondence and an index of it. aind superintend miscelianeous vwork of departmlent. The Bureau of Accounts, in which all of the finiances of the department are looked after, such as the custody and disbursement of appropriations: also indemnity funds and bonds; also care of the building and property of the department, etc. S The Bureau of Rolls and Library, which is charged with the custody of treaties, rolls, public documents, etc.; has care of revoli.tion ary archives, of international commissions, superintendence of library, etc. The Bureau of Statistics, for the preparation of reports on commercial relations. The chiefs of these bureaus receive from $2,100 per year to $2,300 per year. In addition to these there are connected with the State Department the offices of translator, at $2,100 per year; assistant secretary, $5,000; second assistant secretary, $4,500; third assistant secretary, $4,500; solicitor, $4,500; chief clerk, $3,000; clerk to Secretary of State, $2,500; passport clerk, $1,400. Besides these are the various comptrollers, auditors, clerks and assistants, which number well up into the thousands. TREASURY DEPARTMENT. This department was organized in 1789. The head of this department, known as the Secretary of the Treasury, is appointed by the President, is a member of the Cabinet, and receives a salary of $12,000 per annum. The Treasury Department is one of the most important branches of the national government, as it has charge of the financial affairs of the government, custody of public funds, collection of revenue and maintenance of public credit. Among the many important duties devolving upon this department are the following: It attends to the collection of all internal revenues and duties on imports, and the prevention of frauds in these departments. All claims and demands, either by the United States or against them, and all the accounts in which the United States are interested, either as debtors or creditors, must be settled and adjusted in the Treasury Department. This department also includes the Bureau of the Mint, in which the government coin and moneys are manufactured. The Treasury Department authorizes the organization of national banks and has supervision over them; has charge of the coast surveys, the lighthouses, marine hospitals, etc. It has charge of all moneys belonging to the United States; designates depositories of public moneys, keeps a complete and accurate system of accounting, showing the receipts and disbursements of the Treasury, and makes reports at stated intervals showing the condition of public finances, public expenditures and the public debt. There are a great many important officials connected with the Treasury Department, chief among wr-rch are the following, viz.: Private secretary of the head department. -t $2,500 per year; three assistant secretaries, at $5,000 each; chief clerk, $3,000; chief of appointment division, $3,000; chief of warrants division, $3,500; chief of public moneys division, $3,000; chief of customs division, $3,000; acting chief of revenue marine division, $2,500; chief of stationery division, $2,500; chief of loans and currency division, $3,000; chief of miscellaneous division, $2,500; supervising special agent, $8 per day; government actuary, $1,800; supervising architect, $4,500; steamboat inspector, $3,500; chief Bureau of Statistics, $3,000; life saving service superintendent, $4,500; assistant, $2,500; commissioner Bureaus of Navigation,.$3,600; superintendent United States coast and geodetic survey, $6,000; supervising surgeon-general marine hospital service, $4,000; Bureau of Engraving and Printing, director, $5,000; assistant director, $3,500; superintendent engraving division, $4,500. The foregoing will serve to show many of the lines of work attended to in the Treasury Department, as the names of these offices explain the branch of work they are charged with attending to. There are a number of other important offices in the department that should be mentioned, among them being the following: The Solicitor of the Treasury, or chief attorney, who receives $4,500 per year for attending to the legal matters connected with the. department. The Commissioner of Customs, who receives $4,000 per year and his deputy $2,250, has charge of all accounts of the revenue from customs and disbursements, and for the building and repairing of custom houses. The Treasurer of the United States receives $6,000 per year, assistant treasurer $3,600, and superintendent of rational banks (Rei. Div.) $3,500. The Treasurer receives and keeps the government funds, either at headquarters or in the Sub-Treasuries or government depositories, paying it out upon warrants drawn in accordance with the law, and pays all interest on the national debt.. The Register of the Treasury is paid a salary of $4,000 per year and his assistant $2,500. The Register keeps the accounts of public expenditures and receipts; receives the returns and makes out the official statements of United States commerce and navigation; receives from first comptroller and Commissioner of Customs all accounts and vouchers acted on by them and files the same. The Comptroller of the Currency receives $5,000 per year and his deputy $3,000. This bureau is charged with a general supervision of the national banks and matters connected with the issuing of paper money. The Director of the Mint receives $4,500 per annum, and is charged with a general supervision over all the coinage of the government. The Comptroller of the Treasury receives $5,500 per year and his assistant $4,500. This bureau has charge of the auditing system of the Treasury. With the exception of the postal revenue accounts, the comptroller prescribes the forms of keeping and. rendering all public accounts. Auditors. There are six auditors connected wvith the Treasury Department, each of whom receives a salary of $4,000 per year, and is allowed a deputy at a salary of. $2,500 per annum.- No one auditor takes rank over another. The first auditor receives and adjusts the accounts of the revenue and disbursements, appropriations and expenditures on account of the civil list and under special acts of Congress, reporting the balances to the commissioners of the customs and first comptroller respectively for their decision. The second auditor devotes most of his attention to army affairs; looks after all the accounts relating to the pay, clothing and recruiting of the army; the arsenals, armories and ordnance; all accounts relating to the Indian Department; reporting to the second comptroller. The third auditor has all accounts for sustenance of the army, military academy, military roads, fortifications, quartermaster's department, certain pensions, claims arisi'g for military service previous to 1817; for all property lost in the military service; he reports also to the second comptroller. The fourth auditor also reports to the second comptroller, and attends to all accounts of the service connected with the navy. The fifth auditor reports to the first comptroller, and adjusts all accounts connected with the diplomatic service of the Department of State. The sixth auditor adjusts all accounts growing from the service of the Post Office Department. WAR DEPARTMENT. The War Department was organized in August, 1789. The head of this department is known as the Secretary of NVar; is appointed by the President, and receives a salary of $12,000 per annum. The WVar Department attends to the execution of all laws affecting the Regular Army, and carries out and performs such duties as may be provided for by law or directed by the President relative to military forces, military conmmissions and the warlike stores of the United States. In former,years tois department also had charge of Indian as well as military affairs, but this has been transferred to the Department of the Interior. The War Department is also requed, among other duties, to main[ain the signad service and provide for taking meteorological observations at various points on the continent, ando give te legraphic notice of the approach of storms. There is also maintai,.ed a Civil Engineering Department, throin gh the aid of which is carried out such improvements in rivers and harbors as nimay be authorized by Congroess. The Secretary of War also has supervision over the V Vest Point Military Academy. The private clerk for the head of the War Department is paid $2,500 per year; assistant secretary, $5,000; chief clerk, $4,000. The most of the subordinates and assistants in the WVar Department, except those mentioned, are officers of the Regular Army, who are paid salaries and perquisites. The Commanding General, next to the Secretary, looks after the arrangement of military forces, superintends the recruiting service and discipline of the army, orders courts-martial, and in a general sense is charged with seeing to the enforcement of the laws and regulations of the army. The Adjutant-General keeps, the rolls and the orders issued. The Quartermaster-General has charge of the barracks and the supplies, etc., that may be required for the army. The CommissaryGeneral is the head of the Subsistence Department, and has supervision over the purchasing and issuing army rations. The Judge Advocate General is the head of the department of military justice. The Surgeon General, as the name implies, looks after the affairs of the army relating to sick, wounded, hospital, etc. The Paymaster-General is the disbursing officer for the money required by the department. There is also the Ordnance office, controlling ordnance store, arsenals, armories, the manufacture of arms, etc. The Topographical office has charge of all plats and drawings of all surveys made for military purposes. Besides these there are the Inspector-General's Department and departments devoted to war records, publications, etc. In this connection it may be of interest to the general reader to refer briefly to a few facts concerning the Regular Army. The United States is divided for this purpose into a Onumber of military districts. The head of each department receives his general instructions and orders from headquarters. The termi of service in the Regular Armis three years. The pay of private soldiers at the start is $15 per month and rations, and this is increased according to timne of service. The pay of the officers is proportioned to their rank. The nay (f officers in active service was fixed by an act of Congress May vl, 1923 as follows: lieutenant-general $11,000 per year; major-general '8, 00 brigadier-general $6,000; colonels from $4,000 to $5,000; lieutelas t colonels from $3,500 to $4,500; majors from $3,000 to 4,000; captains from $2,400 to $3,360; first-lieutemtants from $2,000 to 52,800; seco-aClieutenants from $1,700 tin $2,380. In case any officer be'ow the g of major required to be mounted, provides himself with suitable noi,. at his own expense, he receives an addition to his pay of 1T j pk, annum if he provides one mount; and $290 per annum if he provie:; two mounts. The pay of retired oflicers was fixed as follows by -the act of May 11, 1908: lieutenant-generals $8,250 per annum; mniajor generals $6,000; brigadier-generals $4,500; colonels from,3,000 to $3,750; lieutenant-colonels from $2,625 to $3,375; majors fromi,2,250 to $3,000; captains from $1,800 to $2,520; first lieutenants from $1,500 to $2,100, and second-lieutenants $1.275 to $1,785. NAVY DEPARTMENT. The head of this department is the Secretary of the Navy, who is appointed by the President, and receives a salary of $12,000 per annum. This department is charged with the duty of attending to the construction, armament, equipment and employment of vessels of war, as wellI as all other matters connected wvith naval affairs, and appropriations made therefor by Congress. The Secretary of the Navy has direct control of the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland; issues orders to the commaanders of the various squadrons; has g-,seral authority over the Miarine Corps; and has control of all the several bureaus of the Navy Department. There are a number of bureaus organized in the Navy Department for the purpose of more thoroughly handling the work, amonog the most important of which may be mientioned the following: Bureau of Steam Engineering; Bureau of Medicine and Surgery; Bureau of Navigation; Bureau of Provisions and Clothing, Bureau of Yards and Docks; Bureau of Ordnance; Bureau of Equipmnient and Recruiting: Bureau of Construction and Repair. Attached to this department are also officials or bureaus to attend to the following matters: IvarinC Barracks, Washington, D. C.; MIuseum of H-ygiene; Naval Dispensary; Board of Inspe-ction and Survey; Navy Supplies and Accounts; Naval Observatory; Hydrographic Office; Library and VWar Records; Naval Intelligence; Nautical AlmanacI etc. Ihe admiral of the navy (line) is paid $13,500 per year" the first nine rear-admirals each receive $8,000 per year and the second nine $5,000; chiefs of bureaus are paid $6,000 per year; captains $4,003; commanders $3,500; lieutenant-commanders $3,000; lieutenants $2,400; junior grade lieutenants $2,000; ensigns $1,700; chief-boatswains, gunners, carpenters, sail makers, $1700; midshipmen at sea $1,400; midshipmen at academy $600. In the Marine Corps the major general receives $8,000 per year; colonels $4,000; lieutenant-colonels $3,500; majors, $3,000; captains (line) $2,400; captains (staff) $2,600; first lieutenants $2,000; second-lieutenants $1,700. An increase of ten per cent is allowed them when on sea duty, or on "shore duty beyond the sea." Chaplains of the rank of lieutenant-commander or higher rank receive the pay and allowance of a lieutenant-commander; those appointed prior to July 1, 1906, who have the rank of lieutenant receive <2,800; and others are paid according to their rank in the foregoing list. Naval constructors receive from $3,200 to $4,200 per year; assis taut naval constructors $2,000 or the pay of rank according to the foregoing table; warrant officers $1,125 to $2,250. Petty officers and chief petty officers receive salary ranging from $33 to $77 per month. First class seamen receive $26 per month; seamen-gunners $28 per month; firemen, first-class, $38; ordinary seamen $21; firemen, second-class. "i133; shipwrights $27; apprentice seamnien $18; coal passers $24. The term of enlistment in the United States Navy is four years. POSTOFFICE DEPARTMENT. This is one of the most important branches of the National Government. Its head is the Postmaster-General, who is appointed by the President, and receives a salary of $12,000 per annum. The Post Office Department has supervision over the execution of all laws passed by Congress affecting the postal service, and has general supervision over everything relating to the gathering, carrying and distribution of United States mails; superintends the distribution and disposal of all moneys belonging to, or appropriated for, the department; and the instruction of and supervision ovecr all persons in the postal service, with reference to their duties. In providing for handling the general work of the Post Office Department it has Leen found necessary to create four bureaus, or offices, as they are termed, each of which is presided over by an assistant postmaster-general, who each receive $5,000 per annum; are all subject to the direction and suipervision of the head of the department. A review of these various bureaus and their principal officials, with thie name of the office, vill show very clearly the work handled by each. The first assistant postmiiaster-general is allowed a chief-clerk at $2,500 per year; superintendent of salaries and allowances $4,000, superintendent of division appointments $3,000; superintendent of city free-delivery service $3,000. The second assistant postmaster-general has charge of the foilowimg divisions, indicated by the following officials who are V-ndcr his control: superintendent of railway adjustlinents $3,000 per year; chief of divisioni inspection $2,000; chief of division of contracts $2,000; chief of division of mmail equiiment; general superintendentc of railhvay mail service $4G0,' s;periSntendeCt of foreign mails <3,0. 099 The third assistant postmaster general controls the [be llwt" d visions:.superi-rteiIdet of money-orde.r. division I 3.5a' Cn r'C of reEgistry s is-tm,2.550" s0 s tuperiantendent of division of finne 2,0; sutperintendenit of division of stamips' 0. I 'o t1e post-car ag and the stamp ed-eveope art at 2,500 ach. The fourth assismant postmaster-ageeral cotrols th- llv: i- I vision Ssupa rintendent rural free deliv ry service 0,0 0, s.. ent of post of ice supplies $2,500; superintende't of dad-leter oice $2,750; topographer $2,750. Besides the varioýs chiefs of divisions mentioned above t!,re -. connected with the Poet Offce Departmeient a law clerka at 2, r year; appointment clerk, at $2,000; assistant attorney-general,. a disbursing clerk, $2,250; also the aucdtor of the post orc, iment, at $4,000. II i p Ii -- I Copyright, Iguo, by Geo. A. Ogle & Co.

Page  118 C-- 1 9 m~in-! Af M- nA =- rujl Eli 1 t6UrrLI!,tVIV.IlD0uVV "n, II I DIGEST OF THE "SYSTEM OF CIVIL GýOVERNMENýF 1 DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR. The Interior Department is under the immediate control of the Secretary of the Interior. He is appointed by the President, and receives a salary of $12,000 per year. In this department, as the name imples, is conducted most of the public business relating to domestic or internal affairs, and, like most of the other executive departments, it is divided into a number of subdivisions and branches. The Secretary of the Interior is charged with a general supervision over public business connected with the following branches, viz.: 1st. The census of the United States. 2d. All matters connected with public lands. 3d. Everything relating to the Indians or Indian affairs. 4th. All matters concerning pensions or bounty lands. 5th. The issuance and filing of patents and caveats. 6th. The custody and distribution of publications. 7th. The compilation of statistics relating to educational matters in the various States. He also has oversight over several of the Government's charitable and benevolent institutions. For the purpose of handling properly the business connected with most of the subjects mentioned, there are bureaus organized for the purpose. The salaries paid to the principal officials connected with the Interior Department are as folows: First assistant secretary of the interior, $5,000 per year; assistant secretary, $4,500; chief clerk, $3,000; assistant attorney-general (Dept. of Interior), $5,000; commissioner of the General Land Office, $5,000; commissioner of Indian affairs, $5,000; superintendent of Indian schools, $3,000; commissioner of the Pension Office, $5,000; medical referee, $3,000; commissioner of the Patent Office, $5,000; commissioner of the Education Office, $4,500; director of geological surveys, $6,000; director Reclamation Service, $7,500. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. This department was formerly connected with the Interior Department, but in 1889 it was reorganized and made independent, and the Secretary of Agriculture was made a member of the Cabinet. The head of this department is appointed by the President, and receives a salary of $12,000 per annum. The general duty and design of the Department of Agriculture is to acquire and diffuse among the people of the United States useful information on subjects connected with agriculture in the most general and comprehensive sense of that word, and to procure, propagate and distribute among the people new and valuable seeds and plants. The following is a list of the chief officials connected with the Department of Agriculture and their salaries, and the list will also serve to indicate the various lines of work handled by and the various duties which devolve upon the department, viz.: Assistant secretary of agriculture receives $5,000 per annum; chief of Weather Bureau,, $6,000; chief of Bureau of Animal Industry, $5,000; statistician, $3,500; chemist, $5,000; entomologist, $4,000; botanist, $3,240; chief of forestry division, $5,000; pomologist, $3,000; plant pathologist and physiologist, $3,500; director of the office of experiment stations, $4,000; chief of division of accounts and disbursements, $3,250; editor, $3,000; agriculturist, $3,500; director of public roads, $3,000; statistical scientist in charge of investigations of production and distribution, $3,000; chief of biological survey, $3,000; chief of bureau of soils, $3,500; chief of bureau of plant industry in charge of seed distribution, $5,000. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE. The head of the Department of Justice is the Attorney-General, who is appointed by the President, and receives a salary of $12,000 per annum. The principal assistant of the Attorney-General is the Solicitor-General, who receives $7,500 per year. There are a number of assistant attorney-generals who receive $5,000 per annum, and a special assistant attorney-general is appointed for nearly all of the various departments, including the Treasury, State, Post Office and Interior Departments. Besides these there are a number of special officials connected with the Department of Justice, such as attorney in charge of titles, $2,700; chief clerk and superintendent of buildings, $3,000; appointment clerk, $2,000; attorney in charge of pardons, $2,750; solicitor internal revenue, $4,500; superintendent of prisons and prisoners, $3,000; chief examiner, $2,750; chief of division of accounts, $2,500; disbursing clerk, $2,750; solicitor for department of commerce and labor, $5,000. The Attorney-General is the legal adviser of the President, and it is the duty of the Department of Justice to give all opinions and render all services requiring the skill of persons learned in the law necessary to enable the President and other officers of the various Government departments to discharge their respective duties. This department is also required to prosecute or defend all suits or procedings in which the United States is interested. The Attorney-General has general supervision over all the solicitors for the various departments; and also exercises general superintendence and direction over all United States marshals and United States district attorneys of all the districts of the United States and Territories. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE AND LABOR. The Department of Commerce and Labor was established in February, 1903. The general design of this department is to collect, assort and systematize statistical details relating to the different branches of labor and commerce in the United States. The head of this department, known as the Secretary of Commerce and Labor, is appointed by the President, is a member of the Cabinet and receives a salary of $12,000 per annum. The following are the principal officials tunder his control together with the salary paid: The commissioner of the bureau of manufacturers, $4,000 per year; commissioner of the bureau of corporations, $5,000; commissioner of the bureau of labor, $5,000; director of bureau of the census, $7,000; superintendent of the coast and geodetic survey, $6,000; chief of bureau of statistics, $4,000; supervising inspector-general of steamboat inspection service, $4,000; commissioner of bureau of fisheries, $6,000; commissioner of bureau of navigation, $4,000; commissioner-general of bureau of immigration and naturalization at $5,000; director of bureau of standards, $5,000. INDEPENDENT DEPARTMENTS. There are several independent departments, which, although none of them are as important as the foregoing, and their heads are not Cabinet members, yet they form a very necessary part and attend to very important branches of the National Government. Government Printing Office. The head of this branch of public' work is the Public Printer, who is appointed by the President,. and receives a salary of $5,500 per year. His chief clerk is paid $2,400 per year, and there is a foreman of printing and a foreman of binding, each of whom receive $2,100 per annum. Civil Service Commission. This commission consists of three commissioners, each of whom are paid $4,500 per year. The chief examiner connected with the commission is paid $3,000 per annum, and the secretary $2,500. Interstate Commerce Commission. This commission was crefor the purpose, and charged with the duty, of seeing that the laws regulating interstate commerce were faithfully executed and observed, and to prevent unjust discrimination on the part of railway corporations and common carriers. The commission consists of seven commissioners appointed from different sections of the United States, each of whom receives a salary of $10,000 per year. The secretary of the commission receives a salary of $5,000 per annum. JUDICIARY. The judicial powers of the United States are vested in the following named courts, viz.: The United States Supreme Court, consisting of one chief justice and eight associate justices; the United States Court of Claims, which consists of one chief justice and four judges; the United States Circuit Court of Appeals; and the United States Circuit and District Courts. All judges of United States Courts are appointed for life, or during "good behavior." The chief justice of the United States Supreme Court receives a salary of $13,000 per annum, and the associate justices $12,000 each. The circuit judges receive a salary of $7000 each per annum, district judges, $6000, and Court of Claims, judges receive $6,000, and chief justice $6,500 per year. The jurisdiction of the United States Courts extends to all cases in law and in equity arising utinder the Constitution, the laws of the United States, and treaties; to all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls; to all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction; to controversies to which the United States shall be a party; to controversies between two or more States; between a State and a citizen of another State; between citizens of different States; between citizens of the same State claiming lands under grants of different States. In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, and those in which a State is a party the Supreme Court has original jurisdiction. In the other cases the Supreme Court has appellate jurisdiction. LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT. The legislative powers of the United States are vested in a Con gress, which consists of a Senate and House- of Representatives, and which meets annually at Washington on the first Monday of December. The constitution gives to Congress the following general powers: To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises; pay the debts of the United States; borrow mnioney on the credit of the United States; to regulate commerce; to establish uniform laws on naturalization and bankruptcy; to coin money and regulate the value thereof; fix the standard of-weights and measures; to declare war; to raise and support armies (but it is provided that no appropriation for this purpose can be for a longer period than two years); to provide and maintain a navy; to grant letters of marque and reprisal, ant make rules concerning captures on land and water; to make rules for the government and regulation of the land and naval forces; to establish postoffices and postroads; to promote the progress of science and the useful arts by securing for limited times, to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries; to constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court; to define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas and offense against the law of nations; to exercise exclusive legislation over the District of Columbia and places purchased for forts, magazines, arsenals, etc.; and further to make all laws necessary for the general welfare of the United States, and for "carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by the Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof." The Constitution expressly forbids Congress making any law respecting the establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof, or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. Congress cannot suspend the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus except in cases of rebellion or invasion when the public safety may require it. No bill of attainder or ex post facto law can be passed. No tax or duty can be laid on articles exported from any State. No preference can be given by any regulation of commerce or revenue to the ports of one State over those of another. No title of nobility can be granted. Every law passed by Congress must be submitted to the President for his approval. If he returns it with his objections, or vetoes it, the measure may be passed over his veto by a two-thirds vote of both branches of Congress.. The Senate, or the "Upper House of Congress," is composed of two Senators from each State in the Union. They are elected by the Legislatures of their respective States, for a term of six years, and receive a salary of $7,500. per annum. No person can be elected to the United States Senate who has not attained the age of thirty years, been nine years a citizen of the United States, and is when elected an inhabitant of the State from which he is chosen. The Senate has sole power to try all impeachments. Its consent and confirmation is necessary for all important officers appointed by the President. Its consent is also necessary to conclude any treaty. The House of Representatives is the "Lower House of Congress." Each State in the Union is divided into congressional districts, of as nearly equal population as is practicable. In each district a representative is elected by the people for a term of two years, and each is paid a salary of: $7,500 per year. Besides these, a delegate from each organized Territory is admitted to the House of Representatives, who is not entitled to a vote, but has the right to debate on all subjects in which the Territory which he represents has an interest. No person can be a' representative who has not attained the age of twentyfive years, been for seven years a citizen of the United States, and is at the time of his. election an inhabitant of the State from which he is chosen. All bills for raising revenue must originate in the House of Representatives. STATE GOVERNMENT T HE method of -State government throughout the United States follows very cl6-sely the general plan of government that prevails in national affairs. The various functions of government in State affairs are handled in departments, with a State officer at the head of each branch, and the lines are clearly drawn between the executive, legislative and judicial powers. All the States are governed under a constitution, which outlines and defines the powers which each of these departments shall exercise and possess. All of the most important State officials are elected by the people, but in many of the States the less important offices are filled by appointment of the Governor, by and with the consent of the State Senate. GOVERNOR. The Governor is the highest executive officer in all the States of the Union, and is elected by a direct vote of the people. The term of office varies materially in the different States, ranging from two to six years. As to the matter of salary that the Governor receives, it also differs widely throughout the different States and is subject to frequent change. At the present writing three States-New York, Pennsylvania and New Jersey pay their Governors $10,000 per year; Illinois $12,000; California $6,000; Mlinnesota, Indiana, Alabama, Colorado, Louisiana, Missouri, Montana, Virginia and Wisconsin all pay $5,000 per year; Kentucky $6,500; Massachusetts and Ohio $8,000; Nevada, Connecticut, Michigan, Tennessee, Texas and Washington, $4,000; Maryland and Oklahoma $4,500; Mississippi, Arkansas, Florida and South Carolina $3,500; Iowa, Georgia', Idaho, Kansas, North Carolina, North Dakota and Rhode Island $3,000; West Virginia $2,700; South Dakota, Nebraska and Wyoming $2,500; Delaware, Maine, New Hampshire and Utah $2,000; and Oregon and Vermont $1,500. About the only statement concerning the qualifications required for this office that would be common to all the States is that he must be a citizen of the State in which he is elected. In most of the States, in addition to the salary named, the Governor is furnished with a residence; which is known as the "Executive Mansion." The powers and duties that devolve upon the Governor are about the same in all of the States. He is charged with a general supervision over the faithful execution of the laws, and is the legal custodian of all the property of the State not specificially entrusted to other officers by law, and is authorized to take summary possession of such property. He is expected to communicate by message to each session of the State legislature such information or recommendations regarding State affairs as he may deem necessary and proper, and he is empowered to call extra sessions of that body whenever the public welfare may demand. He accounts to the same body for all moneys received and paid out, and presents estimates of amounts to be raised by tax ation for various purposes. He has a negative (or veto) upon all laws passed by the Legislature, but it is provided that n.r.easures may be passed over his veto by a two-thirds vote of that body. The Governor is commander-in-chief of the State military or naval forces, and has authority to call out such forces to preserve peace and execute the laws when the local authorities are unable to accomplish this. He may require the opinion of the various State officers upon any subject relating to their respective offices, and examines and approves the bonds of State officials. In many States the Governor has power to grant reprieves and pardons, after conviction, for all offenses against the State except in cases of impeachment; but in a few of the States the pardoning power is vested in a board selected for that purpose, of which the Governor is generally ex-officio member. The Governor has the appointment of a number of State officers, and in many cases if an elective office becomes vacant he has the power to fill it by appointment; has power in many States to suspend a State officer, or even a county officer, pending a legal investigation. The Governor issues requisitions upon the executives -of other States for parties charged with crime who escape to other States, and he has power to issue warrants for fleeing criminals upon requisition of other Governors. LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR. The office of Lieutenant-Governor does not exist in all of the States in the Union, at least not under this name, as in a few of the States this officer is only known as the President of the State Senate. In some of the States the Lieutenant-Governor is paid a certain amount per day during sessions of the Legislature or General Assembly, and in others he is allowed a fixed salary, but it is provided that if the duties of Governor should devolve upon him, he shall during the continuance of such emergency be entitled to the emoluments thereof. The principal duty of the Lieutenant-Governor is to act as the presidiig officer of the State Senate or Upper House of the State Legislature. In case a vacancy should occur in the office of Governor, the LieutenantGovernor would act as Governor until such vacancy was filled by election; and in all cases where the Lieutenant-Governor is unable to act as presiding officer of the Senate, a President pro tempore is chosen by that body. The Lieutenant-Governor has no vote in the Senate except in cases of a tie or equal division of the members. SECRETARY OF STATE. The office of Secretary of State is one of the most important oces within the gift of the people of a State, and the office exists under this name in every State in the Union. The Secretary of State may bI said to be the official secretary of the Governor, and countersigns all commissions issued by the chief executive, and he is the custod-.an of the Great Seal of the State. As a rule it is the duty of the Secretary of State to call the House of Representatives to order and preside u:til a: temporary presiding officer, or Speaker, is elected. It is his duty3 to see that the halls are prepared for the Legislature or General Assembly; he prepares the legislative manual and causes it to be printed and distributed; secures the-printing and distribution of the State lawvs; indexes and files executive documents; provides and distributes election blanks;:-has charge of all books, bills, papers, etc., of the Legislature, and is practically "keeper of all public acts, laws, records, londs, etc." The Secretary of State is required to keep a register of all the official acts of the Governor, and affixes the Seal of the State to all official commissions, etc., keeps a record of them, and is obliged to give any person a copy of the same when demanded. In all of the States the Secretary of State is ex officio member of a number of the State boards, but no list of these could be given that would apply to all States, as they are different in the various States. STATE AUDITOR. The office of Auditor of State exists under one name or another in nearly every State in the Union. The title of this office, however, is not alike in all the States, as many of them, notably California, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, Nevada, New Jersey, New York, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and a' few others, it is known as State Comptroller. In a few of the States, including Michigan and Pennsylvania, the office is called Auditor-General, and in two of the States the public accounts are audited by a Board ofAuditors. In all the States, however, the duties that devolve upon this branch of the State Government are practically the same, and a general explanation of the scope of work handled by the State Auditor in one State will apply, except as regards minor details, to all of the States. It is the duty of the State Auditor to keep the accounts of the State with any other State or Territory, and with the United States and all public officers, corporations and individuals having accounts with this State. He audits the accounts of all public officers who are to be paid out of the State Treasury, and all persons who are authorized to receive money out of the State Treasury. In fact, all claims against the State which are to be paid out of the State Treasury must be presented to the Auditor, who, after the same is adjusted, issues warrants therefor payable at the Treasury. A complete record of each warrant is kept I y the Auditor, who also keeps an account with the State Treasurer, charging him- with all moneys paid into the Treasury, and giving credit for all warrants paid, and the books and vouchers of the Treasury must balance therewith, as settlements are made between these two officers at stated intervals. In a number of the States the Auditor is charged wvith a general supervision over certain corporations, such as insurance, and banking corporations and building and loan associations, and in some States is ex-officio a. member of a number of State boards. He generally has authority to make and execute satisfactions of judgments Sand assignments thereof in behalf of the State. I STATE TREASURER. This is one of the most important executive offices in the gift of the people of a State. The State Treasurer handles vast sums of the people's money, and as a rule a very heavy bond, ranging from $500,000 up into the millions, is required of him; and generally the Governor is empowered to demand additional bonds if he deems the bond insufficient to fully protect the State. The duties of the State Treasurer are implied by the title of the office, and they are very much the same throughout all of the States of the Union. The State Treasurer is custodian of all the State funds. He deposits these funds in banks, which give bonds to secure the Treasurer or State against loss, and which pay interest on daily balances. The Treasurer pays out State funds only on warrants issued or signed by the State Auditor, or other proper official, and a full record of all warrants is kept in both the auditing office and Treasurer's office. The - ian by which the Treasurer receives the revenues of the State is eirferent in different States. In some States the Auditor issues an order for him to receive the same and charges the amount against the Treasurer. In others he is charged with.-all moneys which he is entitled to receive, and then given credit for delinquencies. In still other States the Treasurer issues duplicate receipts for all moneys paid in, which must be countersigned by the Auditor to be valid, and one of these must be deposited with the Auditor, so he may charge the amount against the Treasurer. In this way a double system is carried on-both Auditor and Treasurer keeping a full ac-- count of all moneys received and paid out, and their books and accounts must balance, as at stated intervals the Treasurer must malk settlements with the Auditor and submit books, vouchers, etc., to the Legislature. In most of the States the State Treasurer is requircrd to publish at stated times, in the newspapers at the capital, an itemized statement of the public accounts, expenditures, funds, receipts and disbursements. He is also required to make a complete report ard itemized statement to each session of the Legislature. In nearly all of the States the law is very explicit in outlining the duties of ti': State Treasurer, the following being very common provisions in relasi-. to the office, viz.: That a complete record of all moneys ms-t 1e -c... showing what is received or paid out of the various "funds," which "funds" must be exhibited in separate accounts. In- severa: cf C ' I I I I I Copyright, 1910, by Oeo. A. Ogle & Co. lunln"W

Page  119 SUPPLEMENT V mgm!!T-ý al I - DIGEST OF States the Governor and one or two other State officials constitute a board, which must at certain times examine and check up the accounts, books and vouchers of the State Treasurer and ascertain the amount of funds in the Treasury. ATTORNEY-GENERAL. The Attorley-General, as the name implies, is the general legal counsel or lawyer for the various branches of the State government. In all of the States the powers and duties of the Attorney-General are very similar. It is his duty to appear for the State in all actions and proceedings in the Supreme Court in which the State has an interest; to institute and prosecute in all courts all actions, either for or against a' State officer, in which the State has an interest; to consult with and advise the various county or state's attorneys in matters relating to their official duties, and when public interest requires he assists them in criminal prosecutions. It is his duty to consult with and advise the Governor and other State officers, and give, when requested, written opinions on legal or constitutional questions relating to their official duties, and to give written opinions when requested by the Legislature or any committee thereof. It is also his duty to prepare, when necessary, drafts for contracts or other writings relating to subjects in which the State is interested. He is required to enforce the proper application of funds appropriated to the various State institutions, and prosecute breaches of trust in the administration of the same; and when necessary to prosecute corporations for failure or refusal to comply with the laws; to prosecute official bonds of delinquent officers or corporations in which the State has an interest. The Attorney-General is required to keep a record of all actions, complaints, opinions, etc. STATE SUPERINTENDENT OR SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. This is an office which exists in nearly every State in the Union. In three or four of the States the management of the educational interests of the State is vested in a State Board of Education, but in these cases the secretary of the board assumes most of the detail work that in most of the States devolve upon the State Superintendent. The full title given to this office is not the same in all of the States, but it is generally called "State Superintendent of Public Instruction or Public Schools." In Ohio, Maine and Rhode Island, and a few others, this officer is termed "Commissioner of Schools." The duties of the State Superintendent are very much alike in all of the States, as he is charged with a general supervision over the educational interests of the State and of the pub:lic schools. In many States his authority is not limited to the public schools, and he his authorized by law to demand full reports from all colleges, academies or private schools. It is his duty to secure at regular intervals reports from all such educational institutions and file all papers, reports and documents transmitted to him by local or county school officers. He is the general adviser and assistant of the various county superintendents or school officers, to whom he must give, when requested his written opinion upon questions rising under the school law. It is also his duty to hear and determine controversies arising under the school laws coming to him by appeal from a county superintendent or- school official. He prepares and distributes school registers, school blanks, etc., and is generally given the power to make such rules and regulations as are necessary to carry into efficient and uniform effect the provisions of the laws relating to schools. The State Superintendent is required to make a detailed report to each regular session of the State Legislature, showing an alstract of the common school reports; a statement of the condition of public schools and State educational institutions; the amount of money collected and expended, and all other matters relating to the schools or school funds that have been reported to him. Hie is forbidden from becoming interested in the sale of any school furniture, book or apparatus. STATE LIBRARIAN. In nearly all of the States the laws provide for a State officers under the title of "State Librarian." As a rule the office is filled by appointment of the Governor, although in a few States it is an elective office and is filled by direct vote of the people. The State Librarian is the custodian of all the books and property belonging to the State Library, and is required to give a bond for the proper discharge of his duties and safekeeping of the property intrusted to his care, as in many of the States the State Library is an immensely import' ant and valuable collection. In some of the States the Supreme Court -judges prescribe all library rules and regulations. In others they have a Library Board of Trustees, which is sometimes made up of the Governor and certain other State officials, who constitute a board of commissioners for the management of the State Library. ADJUTANT-GENERAL. In nearly all of the States provision is made for an AdjutantGeneral,,,who is either elected by the people or appointed by the Governor. The name of the office implies the branch of work which is handled by its incumbent. It is the duty of the Adjutant-General to issue and transmit all orders of the Commander-in-Chief with reference to the militia or military organizations of the State. He keeps a record of all military officers commissioned by the Governor, and of alh general and special orders and regulations issued, and of other matters relating to the men, property, ordinance, stores, camp and garrison equipage pertaining to the State militia or military forces. PUBLIC EXAMINER OR BANK EXAMINER. This is a State office that is found in only about one-half of the States. In some States it is known as Bank Comptroller and in others the duties which devolve upon this officer are handled by a "department" in the State Auditor's office. The general duties and plan of conducting this work, in many respects, is very similar, brct there is a great difference between the various States in the officers who attend to it. Where this made a separate State office, generally speaking, the requirements are that he must be a skilled accountant and expert bookkeeper, and cannot be an officer of any of the public institutions, nor interested in any of the financial corporations which it may be his duty to examine. He is charged with the duty of visiting and inspecting the financial accounts and standing of certain corporations and institutions organized under the State laws. In several of the States it is made his duty to visit certain county officials at stated intervals, and inspect their books and accounts, and enforce a uniform system of bookkeeping by State and county officers. COMMISSIONER OR SUPERINTENDENT OF INSURANCE. In all of the States of the Union the department relati-g to insurance has grown to be an important branch of State government. The method of controlling the insurance business differs materially in many of the States, although they are all gradually moving in the same direction, viz., creating a department or State office-.in which all matters relating to insurance and insurance companies are attended to. In former years, in nearly all of the States, the insurance business formed a department in the State Auditor's office, and was handled by him or his appointees. Now, however, in nearly all the Northern States and many of the Southern States, they have a separate and distinct insurance department, the head of which is either elected by the people or appointed by the Governor. The duties and powers of the I{insurance department of the various States are very similiar. A general provision is that the head of this department must be experienced in in.,surance matters, and he is prohibited from holding an interest in any, v insurance company. The Commissioner or Superintendent of Insurance has extensive powers concerning insurance matters, and it is his duty to see that all laws respecting and regulating insurance and insurance companies, are faithfully observed; he issues licenses to insur "THE SYSTEM OF CIVIL GOVERNMENT ance companies, and it is his-duty to revoke the license of any company not conforming to law. Reports-are made to him at stated times by the various companies, and he has power to examine fully into their condition, assets, etc. He files in his office the various documents relating to insurance companies, together with their statements, etc., and at regular intervals makes full reports to the Governor or Legislature. COMMISSIONER OF LABOR STATISTICS. In several of the States a "Commissioner of Labor Statistics" is appointed by the Governor, who is the head of what may be termed the labor bureau. In a great majority of the States, however, this branch of work is taken care of by a board of labor commissioners, a bureau of statistics or by the State Auditor and his appointees. The general design of this bureau or-commission is to collect, assort and systematize, and present in regular reports to the Legislature, statistical details relating to the different departments of labor in the State, and make such recommendations as may be deemed proper and necessary concerning the commercial, industrial, social, educational and sanitary conditions of the laboring classes. OTHER STATE OFFICERS. In all of the States there exist one or more other State officers in addition to those already mentioned, which are made necessary by local condition or local business interests. It is, therefore, unnecessary to mention any of these at length in this article. It may be stated, however, that in all of the States may be found two or more of the following State officers, and further, that each one of the following named officers is found in some State in the Union, viz.: Superintendent or commissioner of agriculture, commissioner of mines secretary of agricultural board, secretary of internal affairs, clerk and reporter of the Supreme Court, commissioner of railways, commissioner of immigration, State printer, State binder, land agent or commissioner, corlmmissioner, register or superintendent of State land office, register of lands, commissioner of schools and lands, surveyor-general, inspectorgeneral, State oil inspector-general, State oil inspector, dairy commissioner. STATE BOARDS. Besides the officers and departments which have already been mentioned, there are a number of State boards or bureaus that are necessary in carrying on the complex business connected with the government of a State. The following list of such State boards and bureaus includes all that can be found in the majority of the States; some of them, however, are only found in a few of the States, because they are of a local nature and are only made necessary by the existence of certain local conditions or business interests. It will also be observed that some of the boards named cover the same line of work that has already been mentioned as belonging to some State officer. This grows from the fact that a few of the States place thse management of certain lines of work in the hands of a State board, while in others, instead of having a State board they delegate the powers and duties to a single State official. All of the States, however, have a number of the State boards mentioned in this list, the names of which imply the line of work each attends to, viz.: Railroad and warehouse commissioners, board of equalization, board or commission of agriculture, university trustees, board or commissioners of public charities, canal commissioners, penitentiary commissioners, board of health, dental e~xamil-ers, trustees of historical library, board of pharmacy, commission of claims, live stock commissioners, fish commissioners, inspectors of coal mines, labor commissioners, board of education, board of public works, board of pardons, assessment commissioners. LEGISLATURE OR GENERAL ASSEMBLY. The law-making power of every State is termed the "Legislative Department." The legislative power, according to the constitutions of the various States,,is vested in a body termed the Legislature or General Assembly which consists of an Upper and Lower House, designated vsuaily as the Senate and House of Representatives. In a few of the States the Lower House is called "The Assembly." In most of the States the Legislature meets in regular session every two years, but this is not the luniversal rrle, as in a few of the States the law provides for annual sessions. In all of the States, however, a provision is made whereby the Governor may, on extraordinary occasions, call special session by issuing a proclamation. The Legislative Department has the power to pass all such laws as may b:e necessary for the welfare of the State, and carry into effect the provisions of the constitution. The Legislature receives the reports of the Governor, together with the reports of the various other State officers; they provide by appropriation for the ordinary and contingent expenses of the governmert; at regular times provided by law they apportion the State into political districts, and make all other provisions for carrying on the State government. There is a general prohibition against the'passage of any ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts, or making any irrevocable grant of special privileges or immunities. Any measure to become a law must be passed by both branches of the Legislature, and then be presented to the Governor for his approval. If he withholds his approval (or vetoes it), the measure may be repassed by a two-thirds vote of the Legislature, when it will b3ecome a law- notwithstanding the Governor's veto. SENATE. The Senate is the Upper House of the Legislature or General Assembly. The various States are divided into senatorial districts, in each of which a Senator is elected-the term of office varying from two to four years. Except in three or four of the States the presiding officer of the Senate is the Lieutenant-Governor, although a President pro tern. is usually elected, who acts as presiding officer during the absence of the Lieutenant-Governor. The presiding officer has no vote, however, in the Senate, except when that body is equally divided. Every Senator has one vote upon all questions, and the right to be heard in advocating or opposing the passage of any measure brought before the Legislature. In filling all of the most important State offices that are to be appointed by the Governor, the appointments must be approved or confirmed by the Senate. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. The Lower House of the State Legislature, in nearly if not quite all the States of the Union, is termed the House of Representatives. Like the Senators, every member of the House has the right to be heard in advocating or opposing any measure brought before the body of which he is a member. The House is given the sole power of impeachment, but all impeachments must be tried by the Senate. As a general rule, there is a provision that all bills for raising revenue must originate in the House. JUDICIARY. The "Judicial Department" is justly regarded as one of the most important and powerful branches of government of either the State or Nation, as it becomes the duty of this department to pass upoh and interpret, and thereby either annul or give validity to all the most important measures and acts of both the legislative and executive branches of the government. It is impossible in a general article to give a detailed review or description of the construction and make-up of the judicial departments of the various States. The courts are so differently arranged both as to their make-up and jurisdiction that it would be useless to try to give the reader a general description that would accurately cover the ground. In all of the States, except, possibly, one or two, the highest judicial authority of the State is known as the Supreme.Court, and unless questions are involved which give the United States Courts jurisdiction, it is the court of last resort. The Supreme Court is made up of a chief justice and the several associate justices or judges as may be provided for by the laws of the various States, usually from four to six. Gen-- erally these officers are elected by the people, either from the State at large or (in three of the States) as representing certain districts, but this is not the case always, as in several States they are chosen by the Governor or Legislature. In all of the States the Supreme Court has appellate jurisdiction both in law and in equity, and has original jurisdiction in remedial cases, mn~andamis, habeas corpus and cases relating to the revenue, but there is no trial by jury in this court. Various other courts are provided for by the laws of the different States, such as appellate courts, circuit or district courts, probate courts, county courts, superior courts, municipal courts, courts of justices of the peace, etc. The jurisdiction of all these courts is, of course, inferior to that of the Supreme Court, and varies greatly in the different States. Besides these, where there are large cities, various other courts -are also established to aid in caring for the enormous amount of judicial work that arises from such vast and complex business interests. The various courts are also provided with the necessary officials for carrying on the judicial business-such as clerks of court, court reporters, bailiffs, etc. COUNTY GOVERNMENT S 0 far as the principal county offices are concer ned, the general arrangement and method of handling the public business is very much the same in all of the States; but the offices are called by different names, and in minor details-such as transferring from one office to another certain minor lines of work -there are a number of points in which the method of county government in the various States differs. The writer has adopted the names of the principal county offices which are most common in the Northern States, as in the Southern and New England States there are scarcely any two States in which the names or titles of all the county offices are identical. AUDITING OFFICE AND CLERK OF THE COUNTY BOARD. Generally the principal auditing officer of the county is known as the "county auditor" or "county clerk." In Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Wisconsin and many other States the office is called "county clerk." In Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota', South Dakota, Ohio and others it is.termed "county auditor." In a few of the States under certain conditions this office is merged with some other county office. A notable example of this is in the State of Michigan, where they have one official, under the simple title of "clerk," who looks after about all of the work which in most of the States devolves upon both the county clerk and also clerk of court. In. all of the States a bond in a moderate sum is required of the county clerk or auditor, and he is paid a salary of from $1,500 to $3,500 per year, besides in some States being allowed certain fees, unless it is in a very large a'nd heavily populated county, where the salary paid is of necessity much higher than this amount. No county treasurer or member of the county board is, eligible to this office. In general terms it may be stated as a rule the auditor acts as the clerk or secretary of the official county hoard, although in a few of the States the court clerk is required to look after this matter; The clerk of the county board keeps an accurate record of the board's proceedin-gs and carefully preserves all documents, records, books, maps and papers which may be brought before the board, or which the law provides shall be deposited in his office. In the auditing office an accurate account is kept with the county treasurer. Generally they file the duplicates of the receipts given by the county treasurer, charging him with all money paid into the treasury and giving credit for all warrants paid. The general plan of paying claims against a county is as follows: If the claim is one in which the amount due is fixed by law, or is; authorized to be fixed by some other person or tribunal, the auditor issues a warrant or_ order which will be paid by the treasurer, the certificate upon which it is allowed being duly filed. In all other cases the claim must be allowed by the county board, and the chairman or presidinlg officer issues a warrant or order which is attested by the clerk. A complete record of all these county warrants or orders is kept, and the accounts of the county treasurer must obalance therewith. The above in general terms outlines the most important branch of work which the county clerk or county auditor looks after in most of the States,.but in all of the States the law requires him to^ look after a number of other matters, although in these there is no uniformity between the various States, and no general description of these minor or additional duties could be given that would apply to all the States.. SCOUNTY TREASURER. This is an office which exists in all of the States, and it is one of the most important of the various offices necessary in carrying on the business of a county. It is an elective office in all of the States, and the term of office is usually either two or four years, but a very common provision in the various States is that after serving for one term as county treasurer a party shall he ineligible to the office until the intervention of at least one term after the expiration of the term for which he was elected. This provision, however, does not exist in all of the States, as in some of them the county treasurer is eligible for reelection for any number of terms. 4' The general duties of the county treasurers throughout the variouv States is very similar. The county treasurer is the principal custodian of the funds belonging to the county. It is his duty to receive and safely keep the revenues and other public moneys of the county, and all funds authorized to be paid to him, and disburse the same pursuant to law. He is required to keep proper books of accounts, in which he must keep a regular, just and true account of all mon-eys, revenues and funds received hy him, stating particularly the time, when, of whom and on what fund or account each particular sum was received; and also of all moneys, revenues and funds paid out by him according to law, stating particularly the.time when, to whom and on what fund payment is made from. The.books of the coun1_ty treasurer mrt: st always be subject to the inspection of the county board, w7hich, at stated intervals, examines his books a7d makes settlements with him. tn some of the States the provisions of the law relating to county tireasurtrer are very strict; some of them provide for a county board of auiditors, wh, are expected, several -times a year, to examine the funds, accounts ad vouchers of the treasury without previous notice to the treasurer; and in some it is provided that this board, or the county board, shall designate a bank (or banks) in which the treasurer is required to keep the county funds deposi-ted-the banks being requiired to pay interest on daily or monthly balances and give bond to indemnify the county against loss. As a general rule the county treasurer is only authorized to pay out county funds on warrants or orders issued by the chairman of the county board and attested by the clerk, or in certain cases en warants or orders of the county auditing office. A complete record of these 'warrants or orders is kept, and the treasurer's accounts must balance therewith. In most of the States the law is very explicit in directing how the books and accounts of the county treasurer shall be kept. COUNTY RECORDER OR REGISTER OF DEEDS. In a few of the States the office of county recorder or register of deeds is merged with some other county office, in counties where the population falls below a certain amount. A notable example of this is found in both the States of Illinois and Missouri (and there are others), where it is merged with the office of circuit clerk in many counties. The title of the joint office is "circuit clerk and recorder," and the duties of both offices are looked after by one official. The duties of the county recorder or register of deeds are very similar in the various Stated, although in some of the Eastern and Southern States the office is called by other names. The usual name, however, is county recorder or register of deeds. In Illinois, Indiana,;.......... Copyright, i91o, by Geo. A. Ogle & Co.

Page  120 SUPPLEMENT VI =, lu I ED IGE.SOT 0OF ýTHE SýYSTFEM OF CIVIL. GOVERNMENOT Iowa, Missouri, Ohio and many other States, it is called "county recorer. inKanasMichigran, Minnesota, North Dakota:, Wisconsinl and many more it is called "register of deeds." In all of the States this office is the repository wherein are kept all records relating to deeds, mort-gages, transfers and contracts affecting lands within the county. it is the duty of the recorder or regist-er, as soon as practical after the filincg 0, any instrument in writing in his office entitled to be recorded, to record the. same at length, in the order of the time of its reception, in books p)rovid~ed by the county for that purpose; and it is his duty to endorse onl all instruments a certificate of the time when the same was filed. All of the States have some of the f ollowing provisions concerning the duties of the recorder, but these provisions are not common to all of the States, viz.: The register or recorder is not allowed to record an instrument of any kind uinless it is duly executed according to law; he is not obliged -to record any instrument -unless his f ees are paid in advance; as a rule, it is unlawful for him to record. any map, plat or subdivision of land situated within any incorporated city, town or village until it is approved by the proper officers of the same. In many States he is forbidden to enter a deed on the records until it has been endorsed "taxes paid" by the proper official; he is required to exhibit,, free of charge, all records, and allow copies to be made; he is authorized to administer oaths and take acknowledgments. CIRCUIT OR DISTRICT CLERK', OR CLERK 0O" COURT. In nearly all of the States, each county elects a "clerk of court or courts," sometimes also known as circuit clerk or district clerk, indicating the court with which the office is connected. In some of the States, as has already been stated, the office of clerk of court,is mergred with some other county office. This is the case in Illinois and Missouri, where in many counties it is connected with the office of county recorder. In Michigan, one official tinder the name of "clerk" handles ithe business which usu:ally is given to the clerk of -court and county clerk or auditor. In Wvisconsin, Missouri, Illinois and other States the name used is "circuit clerk;" in Kansas, Nebraska, Minnesota, North Dakota and many others the office is called "clerk of district court;" while in many of the States, including Indiana, Ohio, Iowa, South Dakota and others, it is called simply "clerk" or "clerk of the court or courts."3 The chief duty of this official is to act as clerk of the district or circuit court, and sometimes other courts of inferior jurisdiction. It is the clerk's duty to keep the~seals and attend the sessions of their respective courts, preserve all the files and papers thereof, make, keep and preserve complete records of all the proceedings and determinations thereof, and carry out such other duties as may be required by the rules and orders of their respective courts. They must enter of. record all judgments, decrees and orders of the court as soon as possible after they are rendered; keep all indictments on file as a public record, have authority to administer oaths, take acknowledgments; take and certify depositions, and are required to exhibit all records free of charge. In nearly all the. States the law defines the character of the record books which the clerk of court must keep. Although there is no settled rule in this matter, the general provisions are that he shall keep: First, a general docket or register of actions, in which is entered the title of each action in the order in which they are commenced, and a description of each paper filed in the cause and all proceedings therein; second,' a plaintiff's index and defendant's index; third, a judgment book and execution docket, in which he enters the judgment in each action, time of issuing execution, satisfaction, etc., and such other books as the courts or the laws may prescribe. SHERIFF. In all of the States the office of sheriff is one of the most important of the county offices. The term of office varies in different States, being usually either two or four years, and in several of the States one partycannothLd-- the1 -1--fie -, J 4sa-ond er cnsutivea(,f;,pI- ly. The generl process, orders and decrees of every description that may be legally directed and delivered to him. He is a court officer, and it is his duty to attend, either in person or by deputy, all courts of record held in his counity' by virtue of his offce he has custody of the jail. It is his duty to pursue and apprehend felons and persons charged' with crime and has custody of prisoners. He is not allowed to purchase any property exposed for sale by him as sheriff. COUNTY SUPERINTENDENT OR COMMISSIONER OF SCHOOLS. This is an office which exists under one name or another in nearly every State in the Union. The title of the office in a great majority of the States is "county superinten dent," but in Michigan, Missouri, Ohio, New York, and possibly one or two other States, the office is termed "school commissioner," and in several of the States the laws provide for a board of county examiners or school commissioners, who are given considerable of the work that in most of the other States is handled by the county superintendent. I The name of this office implies the duties which devolve -upon it, and they are very much alike in all of the States. The incumbent of this offce is charged with a general supervision over the schools of the county, and must be a fitting person as to education and moral character. As a rule it is their duty to examine and license teachers, but in a few of the States provision is made for a board of examiners. County sup erinten dents are required to visit and inspect the schools at regular intervals, and give such advice and instruction to teachers as may be deemed necessary and proper. They are required to organize and conduct institutes for the instruction of teachers if deemed necessary, and encourage teachers' associations'. They introduce to the notice of teachers and the people the best modes of instruction, the most approved plans of building and ventilating school-houses, etc., stimulate school officers to the prompt and proper discharge of their duties. -They receive reports from the various' school officers, and transmit an abstract of these reports to the State Superintendent, adding a report of the condition of the schools under their charge. In nearly all the States they are forbidden having any interest in the sale of any school furniture, apparatus or books used in the schools. In many.States they have authority to annul a teacher's certificate for proper cause, and in general to take such steps and enforce such methods as will elevate and make more efficient the schools tinder their control. COUNTY, PROSECUTING OR STATE'S ATTORNEY. There is a great cliff erence between the various States -in the method of handlingr or attending to the leglal business relating to county matters or growing from counity affairs. in many of the States the official who attends to this line of work is known as the "county attorney," in other States he is called the State's attorney or prosecuitingo or district attorfl ev. in a few of the States they divide the State into districts embracingrI Sa numiber of counties, and aF district attorney is elected i-n each district, w!vho in some cases att-ends to all the lecral w~ork of the various counties, S,tin others he assists the county attorneys in, the~ir most important di tties' and prosecu"tions. But. whatcever plai iimay befoloedin'h V1111.111' S.........,tates, and whatever, title may be given to this offce, the general Z i 'tes of the offce are very much the same throughout all of the States. SiTt is the duty of the county attorney to commence and prosecute all I actions, suits, indictments, and prosecutions, civil and criminal, in any court of record in his county in which the "people of the State or county" may be concerned; to prosecute all forfeited bonds and recogrnizances, and all actions for the recovery of debts, revenues, moneys, fines, etc., accruing to his county; to commence and prosecute all actions and proceedings brought by ally county officer in his official capacity; to defend all actions and proceedings brought against his county, or against any county officer in his official capacity; to give legal opinions and advice to the county board or other county officers in "relation to their official duties; to attend, if possible all preliminary examinations of criminals. When requested, he is required to attend sessions of the grand jury, examine witnesses in their presence, give legal advice and.see that proper subpoenas and processes are issued; draw tip indictments and prosecute the same. The county attorney is required, when requested by the Attorney-General, to appear for the State in cases in his county in which the State is interested. The county attorney makes an annual report to his superior State officer of all the criminal cases prosecuted by him. PROBATE OR COUNTY JUDGE. The method of handling probate matters is not uniform throughout the various States. In many States the higher courts are "given jurisdiction over probate matters, and in others they have created districts in which are held probate courts, whose jurisdiction extends over several counties and takes in other matters besides purely probate affairs-. In a majority of the States, however, particularly the Western and Northern States, they elect a county or a probate judge, who holds court and handles the probate matters which arise within his county. The juris-- diction of these county or probate courts is not always confined exclusively to probate affairs, being; frequently extended to many other matters, and they generally include such matters as apprenticeship affairs, adoptions, minors, etc. In some of the States they 'nave both a county judge and a probate judge, and in these cases the jurisdiction of the latter is confined to such mzctters as are in line with probate affairs. In Missouri they have a probate judge, and also a county court, composed of county judges, in whom the corporate powers of the county are vested--as the official county board. In Michigan they have a probate judge and a probate regrister. The probate judge is generally given original jurisdiction in all matters of probate, settlement of estates of deceased persons, appointment of guardians and c'onservators and settlement of their accounts. They take proof of -wills, direct the administration of estates, grant and revoke letters testamentary and of administration, appoint and remove guardians, etc. COUNTY SURVEYOR. This is an office which is common to nearly all of the States. It is the duty of the county surveyor to execute any survey which may be ordered by any court, or upon application of any individual or corporation, and preserve a record of the surveys made by him. Nearly all of the States provide that certain records shall be kept by the county surveyor, and provide penalties for his fail-Lre to place on record the surveys made by him. While be is the official county surveyor, yet the surveys made by him are not conclusive, but may be reviewed by any competent tribunal, and the correctness thereof may be disputed. S COUNTY CORONER. Th~is is another county office which exists in nearly all of the States. In the average county there. is not much work for the coroner, but in the counties in which Tlarge cities are located the office, is a very important one. In general terms it may be stated that the coroner is required to hold inquests over the, bodies of persons supposed to have met with violent or unnatural deaths. In most States he has power to impanel a jury to enquire into the cause of death; but in some of them this is not the case, and be is given power to act alone. He can subpcena witnesses-; administer oaths; in certain cases provide for a decent burial, The powers of every county as a body politic and corporate are vested in a county board. ý This 'Official county board is generally termed the county "board of supervisors,"7 or "board of commissioners,") but there are some exceptions to0-this, like M<issouri, where the county board is known as the "county court'.'" There is considerable difference in the make-tip of. the county board -in the various States.. In some it is made up of one member from each township in the county. In others the counties are divided into districts, and one member of the county board is chosen from each district. No general description of this -could be given that would be a 'ccurate, as some of the States follow both of these plans. For instance, in Illinois some of the counties are governed by a board of supervisors, which is made up of one member f rom each township, while other counties in the same State are governed by a b~oard of county commissioners, consisting of three or more members, each representing districts into which the counties in question are divided..1 The general powers of the county board throughout all of the States is about the same, except in minor details. It represents the legislative. and corporate powers of the county. One of their number is always chosen as chairman or president, and acts as the -presiding officer. The county board has general charge over the affairs of the county. It is their duty to provide county offices, provide desks, stationery, books, fuel, etc.; examine, investigate and adjust claims against the county, and have general care and custody of all the real and personal estate owned by the county. At reg~ular intervals they settle with the. county treasurer; examine accounts and Vouchers. They locate county roads; determine the amount of county tax, and regularly publish a statement of their proceedings; make statements of- receipts, expenditures, etc.; and make all contracts, and do all other -acts in relation to the property and concerns of the county necessary to' exercise its corporate powers that are not specifically delegated to other" county officials. "TOWNsLL1P GO`VEhRtNNE`NT HE m-ethod of township government throughout the different States varies so much that it is impossible in this article to treat of it more than in a general way. In mnany of the States IT the townships are not organized as bodies corporate, and in other States in some counties they may have township organiza~tion, while in other counties in the same Statecit does not exist. In cases where there is no township, org-anization the law provides that certain county officials shall attend to the local work, or that work which in other locralities as assuimed by the township officials. But even where they have township org~anization the plan of town-ship govn 4 -ernmenL in the different "itates where it exists differs so widely tha-t scarcely any two States may be said to be aliýke. About the only statements concerninig the organized townships that 6ould b~e made. which wou0tld apply to all the States are the following: Every organized township in its corporate capacity has power to sue and be stied; to acqluireby purchase, gift or devise, and hold property, both real and personal, for the use of its inhabitants, and again to sell and convey the Same: and to make all such contracts as may be necessary in the exercise of its powers as a township. In a great many of the States the township government is carried on after a plan very similar to the county and State governments, having various executive officers and a township board in which the corporate and legislative powers, of the township are vested. In otherI States they follow a' plan which reserves to the people 'all corporate and legislative-powers, and therefore- have no need f or a township board, but have 'various other township officers to carry out the wishes and orders of the voters. Where this plan prevails they hold what is generally termed "town meetings," at which every legal voter of the township has a voice. _At these 'Meetings reports are had f rom. the various township officials, and the necessary measures are adopted and directions griven for carrying on the township business. Still other States combine good features from both of the plans above mentioned, and besides the other usual township officials they maintain a township board, which is given- certain restricted powers, such as those of a review or an auditing board, but they are not vested with the complete corporate and legislative powers of the township, thisI being reserved in a large measure to the voters, and all questions calling for the exercise of such authority are acted upon at the town meetings. In many of the States the township board just described is made tip of three or more of the other township office-rs, who are ex-officio, members of the township board, and they meet at certain times, perform the work required of them, and report to the town meetings. The principal offcials in township organizations in nearly all the States are the followingy: "Supervisors, Irtr S)es, clerk,""res urer," " iassessor," "collector," "justices of the peace," "con stables," "foverseers, supervisors or commissioners of the highways," and "poundmasters," although as has been stated, many of the States do not have all of these officials. SCHOOL DI[STRICT GOVERNMENT THE "common school system" or, to speak with g-reater accuracy, the method of governing school districts, in the various States, differs widely, yet all follow in a general way one of two separate and clearly defined methods, being amended in minor respects to meet local conditions and ideas. All of these methods have their excellent points, and yet it has been claimed by eminent educators that no one of thenm is free from fault and objection, nor has reached perfection, It will be the aim of this article to briefly explain the principal features of the several methods, but it is not possible to go into detail in the matter of giving the system of school government that is followed in each of the niany States of the Union. The constitution and statutes of all the States agrree, however, upon several points. They aim to provide for a thorough and efficient system of free schools, whereby all the children of the States may receive a thorough common school education; they provide that all lands, moneys and other property donated, granted or received for school, college, seminary or university purposes, and the proceeds thereof, shall be faithfully applied to the objects stated; with two or three exceptions they provide that no appropriation shall be made or public funds applied in aid'0'f any church or sectarian purpose, or to support or sustain any school, academy, seminary, college or university controlled or run in the. interest of anly church or for a sectarian purpose; and they prohibit the various school officials fronA holding- any interest in the sale, proceeds or profits of any book, appa ratus or furniture used in the schools in which they, as officers, are interested. In many of the States they follow wh-at may be termed t~he "indiepent school district" method, inasmuch as each district, so far as its corporate.powers are concerned, is entirely separate and independent of other districts. Where this plan is followed the boundaries of each district are clearly defined. and each dlistrict is-,complete- withi-nite. cerned, is orgranized, has the necessary officials and becomes__ od politic and corporate. As @: general r-rle, where this method prevails, the townships are divided into three or more sub-districts. All of these sub-districts are a part of the whole, and the finances and general business is generally managed by a township board made up of representatives from each su~b-district. This board is generally clothed with the corporate powers, hires teachers, provides fuel and supplies and makes all the contracts necessary to carry on the various schools in the township. As with independent districts, the pow~ers of this board are not alike in all States where the tow'nship system prevails, for in some States their power is very much restricted, and is limited to- certain official matters, the corporate powers and right to miake important contracts being reserved to the people, who decide on these questions at what are termed the school meeting-s. In a few of the States where they follow the township- system they have no official board. This is the case in Indiana, where they elect a: township trustee, whose duty it is to look after all the educational interests of the town ship,. suibject to the approv.al of the people at the regular meetings. In most of the States where the township system prevails the law provides for the organization, under certain conditions, of s 'ub-districts into independent districts, which gives them the power to elect their own officers and act independently of the other schools in the township. 3 fn nearly all of the States one of the two general methods given above is followed, with certain changes to make the plan more efficient and satisfactory, and to better m-eet the desires and needs of the people of the different States. M\any of the States combine good features from both these systems, as' some of the States have the township system, wherein each sub-dlistrict has its own board, and so far as controlling its owý%n affairs is concerned, is Independent of all other districts. But local conditions have in many instances miade special and local provisions necessary that are. different in each State, and while there may be a vast difference in the methods followed, their aim is the same, and, as a whole, the various systems have accomplished the result of giving throughout the length and breadth of the Union the grandest and most efficient system of free schoolls that the world has ever known. C'rTIESP AND VILLAGE S `7= N all of the States the laws provide for the local government of school matters al-d civil authority,. in sehooi af-fairs provision is p01dn ofth onhp n 11chL1hey are located, both as to Sthey n-ay be separ~ated f rom, and thus maniage their affairs Judecities and vi -ages, so that when they attain a certain population made for hai-1dlii-g the more conipleýý educational interests of villages and cities--the school boards benig made larger, and in many cases the scope of their atithority is very much extended. In civil matters pro-vision is made in all of the States for the organization of villages and cities a-s corporate bodies, separate and distinct f rom the townships', and providing for the necessary officers to carry on the affairs of the municipality. i.i I Mzr Copyright, 1910, by Gleo. A. Og~le & Co. []

Page  121 SUPPLEMENT VII I En GENERAL INFORMATION ON BANKING AND BUSINESS METHODS., GENERAL INFORMATION ON Banking and Business Methods. RELATIONS BETWEEN A BANK AND ITS CUSTOMERS. N business life there is no more complex or important relation than that which exists between the business men generally and the banks, and it should be guarded with jealous care, so that both may retain the full confidence of the other. i3uine~s development in the United States has progressed with such gigantic strides that it has long since passed the stage where it is even possible to carry on business without the agency of banks. They are today a necessity in the transaction of Dusiness and making exchanges. It has been said, and with a great deal of truth, that in the present day the entire and sole object and result of business is the transfer of credits on the books of the banking houses; and that about the only use to which money is put is in making small change or p-aying balances. Business, in the most gen ral and comprehensive sense, is almost wholly carried on by the aid of banks with checks, drafts and exchange. And it will be seen what a very important part the element of confidence plays in business life, when it i's remembered that every check or draft that changes hands, implies the confidenice on the part of the.party receiving and accepting it, that it will be honored at the bank when presented. OPENING AN ACCOUNT p-i^ HE first step in the matter of becoming a depositor and customer of a bank is the interview with the banker, ei-t-h-er the President, cr Cashier, as the case may be. If unknown to the banklcr it is necessary for some one who is known to identfy and - ouch for the applicant as being" honorable and straightforward, for banks are compelled to be careful in this matter as they sub-equently must handle all the checks, drafts and exchang'es that the prospective customer employs in his business, so that while the business of an honest man is valuable to them and is appreciated, that of a dishonest man is shunned by them as an element of risk and danger-the same to them as to every one else with whom he deals. The identification and reference, however, being satisfactorythe prospective customer is given a pass book or account book, writes his signature in a book kept for that purpose, is made known to the receiving and paying tellers, makes his first deposit and is then a full fledged customer and depositor of the bank. DEPOSITS. DEPOSITS are made in the following manner: A "Deposit Ticket" or "Deposit Blank" is furnished the customer, and he enters upon this a full description of all the items which he desires entered to his credit, stating whether it is gold, silver or currency and making a separate entry for each draft or check that he deposits. In entering cuch items as drafts and checks some banks require a separate entry for each item which will show upon what bank or at least what city or town each draft or check is drawn. After having endorsed his name on the back of all checks and drafts he hands the "Deposit Ticket," together with all the items named upon it, and his Pass Book, to the receiving teller, who examines it, checks off the various items to see that they are all there, and enters the total amount to the customer's credit in the "Pass Book;" and it is also carried to his credit from the Deposit Ticket onto the books of the bank. The "Deposit Ticket" is an important feature of the transaction, and the customer is required to fill this out with ink. It bears his name and the date and is carefully preserved for future reference by the bank to settle any dispute or difference that may arise. As all men are liable to error the depositor, to prevent mistakes, should ahways see that the amount of the deposit is correctly entered in his book before leaving- the bank. If a deposit is made when a customer has not his "Pass Book" a duplicate ticket should be tpoken, and the amount entered properly when next at the bank. It will be seen from the above that all checks and drafts are entered to the credit of the customer at the time he deposits them, the same as cash items. The depositor, however, is held responsible for the non-payment of all checks, drafts and other items deposited as cash until payment has been ascertained by the bank. The bank, however, must use due diligence in attending to them within a reasonable time. If a check or draft is held beyond a reasonable time and, meanwhile, the bank upon which it is drawn fails, the receiving bank would be compelled to 'lose it. What is a reasonable time, according to decisions of the courts, depends upon the circumstances and varies in different cases. In cities, where they have a Clearing House, checks on other city banks are expected to reach the Clearing House on the next day succeeding the time of the deposit; but as to checks and drafts drawn upon other or distant cities, a reasonable time must be allowed for them to be presented for payment. If the banker, however, is negligent concerning it, he must stand the loss. Such cases very rarely, if ever, occur, and it may safely be stated that in the absence of any special or unusual conditions for all items such as checks, drafts, etc., the banker only receives them for collection for the account of the depositor and therefore acts only as his agent and as such is charged with using only due diligence in attending to the business. DISCOUNTS, LOANS, ETC. T HE word "Discount" is applied to interest when it is deducted from the amount at the time a loan is made-in other words, interest that is paid in advance. It is the general rule of banks in making "short time" loans to customers to give credit for the amount of the loan, less the interest. Many business men fail to obtain the full benefit that a bank can give them, through hesitancy or diffidence in asking for a loan; and in many instances will borrow of a.neighboring business man and thus, frequently embarrass him, rather than go to the banker, whose business it is to help him through such times of need, when possible. This is what banks are established for, largely, and they are always glad to "get their money out and keep it out" provided they can be reaspnably sure of its return. If an applicant is unable to furnish reasonable security, or is irresponsible or unworthy he must necessarily be refused, but in securing money which he cannot guarantee the return of, whether it be from a banker or another business man he does an injustice to the interests of business generally. However, every business man in need of financial "help, whether his needs be great or little, should go to the banker first and submit the situation, securities, etc., to him, as of all men he is by training the best judge and advisor in such matters. He may be compelled to decline to give the required aid, but this refusal should never be taken as a personal matter, as it must be remembered that he has other interests to serve and depositors, stockholders and directors to protect before following his own personal desires. COLLECTIONS. N leaving notes or other items for collection the customer writes on the back of each the words: "For.,Collection for Account of," and places his signature belowAt. Upon receipt of this, the proper officer or clerk of the bank, will enter the items either in the back of the customer's "pass book" or g-ive a separate receipt as the case may be. When the bank receives payment on the items the customer is notified and the amount is entered to his credit both on his Pass Book and on the books of the bank the same as any other deposit. A bank in re-ceiving paper for collection acts only a's the agent of the customer and does not assume any responsibility beyond due diligence on its part. All banks make collections either in or out of the city where they are located for their customers at very moderate rates. These items should always be left at the bank before they become due, so as to give the bank time to give an abundant notice to the parties. If the customer desires to make a "sight" or "time draft" upon a debtor, upon application the bank will furnish him with blank drafts. STATEMENTS AND BALANCES. A FEW words concerning statements and balances will not be inappropriate in this connection. Every customer of a bank should always and without fail, once in each month, have- his "Pass Book" balanced by the banker. This rule should always be observed to correct any error that might occur and avoid loss and complications. The amount of deposits is added up and a balance is struck by deducting the total amount of the customer's checks which the bank has either paid or "accepted" (certified) during the month. The cancelled checks are returned to the customer. If any error is discovered it should be reported immediately to the bank so that it may be investigated and rectified. NEGOTIABLE PAPER. pP OBABLY the greatest factor in the business world of today is "Negotiable Paper," without which it is not probable that business development could have assumed the vast proportions that it has reached in America; and without which the business of the civilized world could not be carried on. This term includes a variety of instruments, such as promissory notes, checks, drafts and bills of exchange. The bill of exchange is one of the oldest forms of negotiable paper, and has been in use for a number of centuries. The draft and check came into use at a much later day, and the promiissory note is a comparatively recent invention, and has very largely taken the place. of the bill of exchange as it was used in former times. The most important attribute of promissory notes, bills of exchange, and other instruments of the same class, which distinguish them from all other contracts, is their negotiability. This consists of two entirely distinct elements or branches-first, the power of transferring the paper from one owner to another, so that the assignee shall assume a complete title, and be able to sue on it; second, the effect upon the rights of the parties produced by oiuch a transfer when made before maturity, in the regular course of business, for a consideration to a purchaser in good faith, and without notice of any defect or defense, whereby all defenses of the maker (with few exceptions) are cut off, and the holder becomes absolutely entitled to recover. A written order or promise may be perfectly valid as a contract; but it will not be negotiable unless cert2.in requisites are complied with. The following requisites are indispensable: It must be written; must be signed; it must be absolute, not depending upon any contingency; it must be to pay mcn-=cy in a certain amount capable of being certain by computation; the time of payment must be certain or such as will become ce-rtain; but when no time is expressed the law implies that payment is due immediately; and lastly, the order or promise must be accompanied by words -of negotiability-that is, payable to a certain payee's order or to bearer. PROMISSORY NOTES. A CCORDING to the general "law merchant," unaffected by -statute, a promissory note is the written promise of a per--son, called the "maker," to pay a certain sum of money at a certain time to a designated person termed the "payee" or to his order or bearer. It must have all the requisites that have been mentioned for negotiable paper, otherwise, if it fails in any of these matters it becomes a contract, as it thus loses the element of negotiability. Contracts may be perfectly valid without all of these requisites, but they do not possess the peculiar qualities whcic belong to promissory notes. It is customary in all promissory notes to write the words "value received" but this is not absolutely essential, as a consideration and val~ue is implied in every note, draft, check, bill of exchange or endorsement. It is the common law of both England and this country that no promise can be enforced unless made for a consideration or sealed, but negotiable instruments as a rule are an exception to this. Between the original parties a want of consideration can be pleaded a defense and would operate to defeat a recovery. It would have the same effect as between an endorser and his endorsee, but this only applies to imr-icc'iate parties or to those who had notice of the defense or beceome holders of the paper after maturity. It may be stated as an almost invariable rule that no defense will operate to defeat the recovery if the paper has been negotiated and passed into the hands of an innocent purchaser, in the regular course of butinc^-", before maturity and for value. The absence of any of thesec lenments, however, will allow a defense to be set up and will defea recovery even in the hands of third parties if it can be shown th;Lt there was either" a want of consideration, that' it was obtained by duress, or fraud or circumvention, or larceny"; or that the consideration was illegal. In order to cut off these defenses and give the holder the absolute right to recover, all of the conditions named must be fulfilled. If he purchases the note even one day after it becomes due it is then subject to.any defense or.set off whiich the maker may have against the original payee. Demand of payment for a note must be made at the place where it is payable at the time of maturity; if not paid notice must immediately be given to the endorsers, otherwise, in a majority of the States, all endorsements that are not qualified will be released. If a note is not dated it will not defeat it, but will be considered as dated when it was made; but a written date is prima facie evidence of the time of making. When a note falls due on Sunday, or a legal holiday, it becomes payable the day previous. If a sum is written at length in the body and also in figures at the corner the written words control it. It destroys the negotiability of a note to write in the body of it any conditions or contingencies. A valuable consideration is not always money. It may be either any gain or advantage to the promisor, or injury sustained by the promisee at the promisor's request. A previous debt, or a fluctuating balance, or a debt due from a third person, might be a valuable consideration. So is a moral consideration, if founded upon a previous legal consideration as, where one promises to pay a debt that is barred by limitation or by infancy. But a merely moral consideration as one founded upon natural love and affection is no legal consideration. No consideration is sufficient in law if it be illegal in its nature, or if distinctly opposed to public policy. If a note is payable at a bank it is only necessary to have the note at the bank at the stipulated time to constitute a sufficient demand; and if there are no funds there to meet it, this is sufficient refusal. DAYS OF GRACE.-In a great many States three "Days of Grace," as they are termed, are allowed on negotiable instruments beyond the date set for payment. This is not the universal rule, however, as the tendency of late years has been toward doing away with this custom, and a number of States have already passed laws abolishing the "Days of Grace." Where the rule is in effect, however, and it is not specifically waived in the instrument the payor is entitled to three days as fully as though it were so stipulated, and the holder cannot enforce collection until the expiration of three days after the date set for payment. BILLS OF EXCHANGE. T HE "bill of exchange" is an open letter or order whereby one person requests another to pay a third party (or order or bearer) a certain fixed sum of money. They are of two kinds, the Inland and Foreign' bills, the names of which imply the difference between them. The three parties to the bill are called the Drawer, Drawee and Payee. The bill must be presented to the Drawee and if he agrees to obey the order, he "accepts" the bill by writing the word "accepted" across its face and signs his name below it-and thus becomes the "'Acceptor." The instrument is usually made negotiable and the payee can transfer it to others by endorsement, which method of transfer may go on indefinitely. The following is a common form of an inland bill of exchange: BILL OF EXCHANGE. $600 CHICAGOO, ILL., June 1. 1894. Sixty days after sight pay to John Sims, or order, Six Hundred Dollars, and charge same to my account. To HENRY HOLT & Co., JJOE;N DOE. Boston, Mass. CHECKS. A CHECK on a bank is one form of "Inland Bill of Exchange," but there is some slight difference in the liability of the parties to it. A check requires no acceptance, as a bank is bound to pay the checks of its depositors while still in possession of their funds, and the drawer of a check having funds on deposit has an action for damage for refusal to honor his check, under such circumstances, on the ground of an implied obligation to pay checks according to the usual course of business. Checks are usually drawn payable immediately, but they may be made payable at a future day, and in this case their resemblance to a bill of exchange is very close. As stated, a check requires no acceptance, so far as payment or liability of the dravwer is concerned, but 'it creates no obligation against a bank in favor of the holder until accep-tance. Wrhen accepted by the bank the word "Accepted" is stamped on its fact with the signature of the banker. It is then said to be certified and thereafter the bank is liable to the holder. As soon as the check is "certified" the amount is charged against the account of the "drawer" the same as if paid, and it is considered paid so far as the "drawer" is concerned. The drawer of a check is not a surety in the same sense as is the drawer of a bill of exchange, but is the principal debtor like the maker of a note. He cannot complain of any delay in the presentment, for it is an absolute appropriation to the holder of so much money, in the hands of the bank, and there it may lie at the holder's pleasure. The delay, however, is at the holder's risk, and if the bank should fail after he could have got his money the loss is his. If, before he presents the check, the bank pays out all the money of the drawer, then he may look to the drawer for payment. If the holder of a check transfers it to another he has the right to expect that it will be presented for payment within a reasonable time. He has the right to expect that it will either be presented the next day or started to the point on which it is drawn. If it is held beyond a reasonable time and a loss is occasioned thereby, the party responsible for the delay must bear the loss. If a bank pays a forged check it is so far its own loss that it cannot c-arge the money to the depositor whose name was forged. But it is entitled to recover the money from the party who presented it. If it pay a check of which the amount has been falsely and fraudulently increased, it can charge the drawer only with the original amount, provided the drawer himself has not caused or facilitated the forgery by carelessly writing it or leaving it in such hands as to make the forgery or alteration easy. In some of the States the Supreme Court has decided in cases where checks were "raised" that the drawer must bear the loss as they had failed to take reasonable precaution to prevent it. Perforating and cutting machines are on the market which make it almost impossible to raise or alter the amounts so as to avoid detection, and the tendency of the decisions is to regard the use of these as only a reasonable precaution on the part of check drawers to save their bank from trouble and loss. Some, however, adopt the plan of writing the amount in red ink across their signature. If many persons, not partners, join in a deposit they must join in a check. If a payee's name is misspelled or wrong in a check, the usual plan is to endorse it first exactly as it appears and then sign the nam-e correctly. There is no rettled rule as to how checks should be drawn. In nearly all the cities it is an almost invariable rule to make them payable "to order" so as to require the endorsement of the payee; but in smaller towns many check drawers make them payable "to bearer," in which cio-e they require no endorsement, and if lost or stolen may cause loss-as whoever presents such a check at the bank is entitled to 'payment. DRAFTS. A DRAFT is a form of an "inland bill of exchange." The two forms of bills of exchange called "drafts" are the bank draft (or exchange) and the "sight or time draft." The bank draft 12, to all intents and purposes, the same as a check, but the term i3 usually applied to "checks" drawn by one bank upon funds which it may have in some other bank, termed its "correspondent." A draft is but very seldom made payable to bearer, it being almost an invariable rule to make them payable to a certain payee or order. They are negotiable and can be transferred indef-nite-y by e-ndorsement. If a draft is lost or-stolen, by applying to the bank th2,t issued it, the payment can be stopped, and after the e::piration of thirty dlays a duplicate will be issued. The "Sight Dr'aft'" cr "Time Draft," in which case it reads to pay after a certain number of days, is a very common method of making collections to-day by creditors, and it serves the double purpose of being an order to pay to a bank or third party, and is also a receipt to the debtor. It is simple in its wording, the following being a general form": $1000 CHICAGO, June i, 1894. At sight (or so many days after sight as the case may be) pay to the order of ---- Bank One Thousand Dollars and charge to my account. JoHN SzIMs. To GEO. SIMVS, -NEW YORK, N. Y. ENDORSEMENTS. HE signature of any payee or holder on the back of any check, draft, note, bill of exchange or other negotiable instrument is termed his "endorsement." It simply means the placing of the name of the holder, or payee, on the back of the instrument, thus indicating that, for a consideration, he has relinquished his title to it, and in the absence of any condition or qualification expressed in the endorsement, it implies that the endorser will see that the instrument is paid in case it is not taken up by the maker or payor. Where the instrument is made payable to "bearer," as to "John Sims or bearer," no endorsement is necessary to pass the title-it passes with delivery and any holder may collect or sue upon it the same as if he were the payee named therein. In a case of this kind if any holder endorses the instrument, the law is construed strictly against him, and, as it was not necessary for him to endorse to pass title, the law presumes in the absence of a positive qualification that his endorsement was made for the purpose of indicating that he would pay it if the payor failed to do so. Where several payees are named in the instrument it must bear the endorsement of all of them to pass the title and make one transfer of it. In this case, however, their liability as endorsers is joint, not several. But where two or more holders endorse one after the other in making a transfer from one to the other their liability is several, not joint. Every check, draft, bill of exchange, note or other negotiable instrument which is made payable to a certain "payee or order" must bear the endorsement of the party named, to pass the title, and even in cases where they are made payable to "bearer" it is generally customary for the party to whom a transfer is made to require the person from -whom he secures it to place his endorsement thereon. There are several kinds of endorsement which should be mentioned in this connection. The first is the "blank endorsement," or "endorsement in blank," in making which the payee simply places his signature on the back of the instrument, without condition or qualification of any kind. This passes the title to the instrument, and, from that time,on, it becomes payable to bearer, and the title passes with delivery, until some subsequent holder sees fit to limit by making it payable to some other payee, or places some other qualification or condition in the endorsement. When a negotiable instrument bearing a "blank endorsement" has once been put into circulation, any subsequent holder of it has the right to limit or restrict it by writing the conditions over his own endorsement, or, by writing over the endorsement of the original payee, words making it payable to himself or some other party, "or order." This point has been decided by the supreme courts of several of the States. The endorsement may be restricted or qualified in a number of ways. One. which is called a "full endorsement," is very common in the business world. It is simply the act of the payee named making it payable to some other certain payee or order. To do this, the endorser writes on the back of the instrument, the directions, as: "Pay to John Sims, or order," and places 1- - i,'nature below it. This does not limit his liability as an endorser, but the title to the instrument must thereafter pass through John Sims, and it must bear his endorsement before it will be paid or honored. COPYRIGHT 1910, BY G,'O, A. OGLE & CO. o

Page  122 SUPPLEMENT VIII. S.... ' i SUPPLEMENT Vill. GENERAL INFORMATION ON BANKING AND BUSINESS METHODS. Another common form of limiting the endorsement is to enable the payee (when it is made payable to his order) to transfer his title to the instrument without becoming responsible for its payment, and making the party to whom it is transferred assume all responsibility concerning payment. To do this the endorser writes the words "Without Recourse" over his signature, which has the effect of relinquishing his title without making him liable to the holder in case the payor fails to take it up. Another method of limiting the endorsement is to make it conditional, a good illustration of which is the following: "Pay to John Sims or order upon his delivering to the First National Bank a warranty deed to lot 5, block 4, etc.," below which the endobrser places his signature. He can also make it payable to "A. B3. only," or in equivalent words, in which case "A. B." cannot endorse it over. In fact, the endorser has the power to limit his endorsement as he sees fit, and either to lessen or increase his liability, such as either "waiving notice of demand;" making his endorsement a "general and special guaranty of payment" to all future holders, etc., but he cannot, by his endorsement, either increase or lessen the liability of any other endorser on the instrument. An endorser, as a rule, is entitled to immediate notice in case the payor fails to pay. This is the case in nearly all of the United States, as it has been a rule of the "law merchant" for many years. A few modifications, however, of the general "law merchant" have been made by statute in several of the States, relating to negotiable paper, in changing the endorser's liability by rendering his contract absolute instead of conditional, making notice unnecessary unless he suffers damage through want of it, or requiring a judgment to be first recovered before he can be held. In the absence, however, of statutory provisions of this kind, and they exist only in a few of the States, it may be said that to hold endorsers they must have prompt notice of non-payment, and it may be said to be a general rule of the "law merchant" that all parties to negotiable paper as endorsers who are entitled to notice are discharged by want of notice. The demand, notice and protest may be made according to the laws of the place where payable. The term Protest is applied to the official act by an authorized person (usually a Notary Public), whereby he affirms in a formal or prescribed manner in writing that a certain bill, draft, check.or other negotiable paper has been presented for acceptance or payment, as the case may be, and been refused. This, and the notice of the "Protest," which must be sent to all endorsers and parties to the paper is to notify them officially of its failure. GUARANTY. A "GUARANTOR" is one who is bound to another for the fulfillment of a promise, or of an engagement, made by a third party. This kind of contract is very common. According to the "statute of frauds" it must be in writing, and unless it is a sealed instrument there must be a consideration to support it. As a rule it is not negotiable, so as to be enforced by the transferee as if it had been given to him by the guarantor, but this depends upon the wording, as, if it contains all the characteristics of a note, payable to order or bearer, it will be held negotiable. A contract of guaranty is construed strictly, and if the liability of the principal be materially varied by the act of the party guaranteed, without the consent of the guarantor, the guarantor is discharged. The guarantor is also discharged if the liability or obligation is renewed, or extended by law or otherwise, unless he in writing renews the contract. In the case of a bank incorporated for twenty years, which was renewed for ten years more without change of officers, the courts held that the original sureties could not be held after the first term. The guaranty can be enforced even though the original debt cannot, as is the case in becoming surety for the debt of a minor. A guarantor who pays the debt of the principal is entitled to demand from the creditor all the securities.he holds, or of the note or bond on which declares the debt; and, in some States, the creditor cannot fall back upon the guarantor until he has collected as much as possible from these securities and exhausted legal remedies against the principal. If the debt or obligation be first incurred and completed before the guaranty is given, there must be a new consideration or the guaranty is void. ~ A guaranty is not binding unless the guarantor has notice of its acceptance, but the law presumes this acceptance when the offer of guaranty and acts of the party to whom it is given, such as delivery of goods or extending credit are simultaneous. But an offer to guarantee a future operation does not bind the offerer unless he has such notice of the acceptance as will afford him reasonable opportunity to make himself safe. A creditor may give his debtor some indulgence or accommodation without discharging the guarantor, unless it should have the effect of prejudicing the interests of the guarantor, in which case he would be released. Generally a guarantor may, at any time, pay a debt and so, at once, have the right to proceed against the debtor. Where there has been failure on the part of the principal and the guarantor is looked to, he must have reasonable notice-and notice is deemed reasonable if it prevents the guarantor from suffering from the delay. It is, in many cases, difficult to say-and upon it rests the question of legal liability-whether the promise of one to pay for goods delivered to another is an original promise, as to pay for one's own goods, in which case it need not be in writing; or a promise to pay the debt or guranty the promise of him to whom the goods are delivered, in which case it must be in writing. The question generally resolves itself into this: To whom did the seller give and was authorized to give credit? This is a question of fact and not of law. "If the books ef the seller show that he charged them to the party to whom he delivered them, it is almost impossible for him tO hold the other party for it, but if on the other hand it is shown that he regarded the goods as being 'sold to the party whom it is desired to hold, but delivered them to another party and it is so shown on his books, it is not regarded as a guaranty, but an original or collateral promise, and would make the party liable. In general, a guarantor of a bill or note is not entitled to such strict and exact notice as an endorser is entitled to, but only such notice as shall save him from actual loss, as he can not make the want of notice his defense unless he can show that it was unreasonably withheld and that he suffered thereby. There is a marked difference in the effect of a guaranty of the "payment," or of the "collection" of a debt. In the first case, the creditor can look to the guarantor at any time; in the latter, the creditor must exhaust his legal remedies for collecting it. ACCOMMODATION OF PAPER. N accommodation bill or note is one for which the acceptor or maker has received no consideration, but has lent his name and credit to accommodate the drawer, payee or holder. He is bound to all other parties just as completely as if there were a good consideration, for, if this was not the case, it would be of no value to the party accommodated. I-He is not allowed to set up want of consideration as a defense as against any holder for value. But he is not bound to the party whom he thus accommodates, no matter how the instrument may be drawn. IDENTIFICATION. T HIE mere act of identifying a party or making him known to a banker carries with it no liability on the part of the party who thus performs it, unless it can be shown there was fraud or collusion. Customers of banks are frequently asked to identify and make known to their own bankers, strangers who desire checks or drafts cashed or other accommodations. In some cases a mere introduction is all that is necessary, but only because the banker relies upon the honor and integrity of his customer, knowing that an improper person would not be introduced, for in a case of this kind the bank assumes all the risk. Generally "speaking, however, it is an almost invariable rule with bankers, as it should be, to require their customer to endorse all drafts or checks which are honored for the stranger. In this case the endorser becomes personally liable to the bank if any or all of the drafts or checks prove worthless. An endorsement which is frequently made by parties who are asked to identify others is to merely indicate that they know the party to be the payee named in the check or that the signature of the payee or party is correct. This is done by writing the words "Signature 0. K." under the party's name and signing it. This has the effect of guaranteeing that the party's name is as written and that it is his proper signature. It does not guarantee that the check or draft is good or will be paid, but merely as expressed, that the signature is correct and the only liability assumed is that he will pay the amount in case the signature proves a forgery. Many banks, however, will not accept papers endorsed this way and justly so, for it throws upon them the burden of the risk. RECEIPTS AND RELEASES. NY acknowledgment that a sum of money has been paid is a receipt. A receipt which reads "in full" though admitted to be strong evidence is by no means legally conclusive. If the party signing it can show an error or mistake, it will be admitted in his favor. Receipts for money will be held open to examination, and the party holding it murt abide the results of such examination-the great aim of the law being to administer strict justice. A receipt may be of different degrees of explicitness, as the word "Paid" or "Received Payment" written on a bill. A "release" is simply a form of receipt, but is more binding upon the parties, inasmuch as, if properly drawn, under seal, for a consideration, it is a complete defense to any action based on the debts or claims so released. Herein, releases differ from receipts; A release is in the nature of a written contract and therefore cannot be controlled or contradicted by evidence, unless on the ground of fraud. But if its words are ambiguous, or may have either two or more meanings, evidence is receivable to determine the meaning. INFANTS AND MINORS. T HE incapacity of a person to make a valid contract may arise frofm several causes, and. the fact of being an infant, or minor, is one of them. The general rule of law may be stated as being that the contract of an infant or minor is not always void, but is voidable, and in many cases special exception is made, giving validity to their contracts for necessaries. By being voidable but not void in themselves, means that the infant has the right to disavow and annul the contract, either before or within a reasonable time after he reaches his majority. He may do this by word only, but a mere acknowledgment that the debt exists is not enough, and it must be substantially a new promise. AGENCY. HERE are a few well-settled and important rules of law governing the matter of agents and agency, which every business man should understand thoroughly. The relation of principal and agent implies that the principal acts by and through the agent. A principal is responsible for the acts of the agent only when he has actually given full authority to the agent, or when he has by his words, or his acts,. or both, caused or permitted the person with whom the agent deals to believe him clothed with this authority.' This is a point which is not always thoroughly understood, but it is a well-settled principle of law. There are two kinds af agents-general and special. A general agent is one authorized to represent his principal in all his bust-- ness, or in all his business of a particular kind, and his power is limited by the usual scope and character of the business he is empowered to transact. If he is given out as the general agent, the principal is bound, even if the agent transcends his actual authority, but does not go beyond the natural and usual scope of the business. On the other hand, a special agent is one authorized to do only a specific thing, or a few specified things, or a specified line of work. If this special agent exceeds his authority, it may be stated *as an almost invariable rule that the principal is not bound, because 'the party dealing with the agent must inquire for himself and at his own peril,- into the extent and limits of the authority given to the agent. Especially is this the case where the party knew that the agent had been or was engaged in attending to a particular and specified line of work connected with the business of the principal. The party, however, is not bound by any special reservations or limitations made secretly by the principal of which he had no reasonable or easy means of having notice. The authority of an agent may be given by the principal, by writing or oral, or may be implied from certain acts. Thus,. if a person puts his goods into the' custody of another whose business it is to sell such goods, he authorizes the whole world to believe that this person has them for sale; and any person buying them honestly, in this belief, would hold them. If one, knowing that another had acted as his agent, does not disavow the authority as soon as he conveniently can, but lies by and permits a person to go and deal with the supposed agent, or lose an opportunity of indemnifying himself, this is an adoption and confirmation of the acts of the agent. - - A principal is bound by the acts of an agent even after the revocation of his agency, if such revocation has not been made public or is unknown to the party dealing with the agent. An agent can generally be held personally liable if he transcends his authority; but this is not the case if the party with whom he dealt knew that the authority was transcended. ORIGIN AND HISTORY OF BANKING. SN general, banks may be said to be credit institutions or dealers in credit. John Jay Knox once said that "the exchanges of the modern world are barter, effected by the indirect agency of the credit system, and banks and bankers are the machinery by which this is done." Metallic money and its representative, the circulating note, are only the small change of "Trade" employed in the settlement of balances and small purchases and payments. This fact is illustrated by the operations of the New York clearing house. The exchanges have been about 800,000 millions of dollars during the past thirty years, while the balances paid in money have only been dbout 36,000 millions, or about 4 per cent. of the amount of the settlements. It has always been claimed that the business of banking originated with the Venetian money changers who displayed their wares and moneys on the streets and thus supplied those in need of change. According to the most eminent authorities the earliest banking institution in Europe was the Bank of Venice, which was founded in 1172, and was based upon a forced loan of the government. Funds deposited in it could be transferred to others on the books of the bank at the pleasure of the owner, but they could not be withdrawn. The perpetual annuities of the British debt are handled in a very similar manner at the present day. The Bank of "Venice was continued until 1797. In 1401, the Bank of Barcelona was formed. At a period much earlier than this, the Jewish moneydealers had invented what was known as "foreign bills of exchange," but it is said that this bank was the first institution that made a business of negotiating and handling them. The Bank of Genoa commenced operation in 1407 and for centuries was one of the principal banks of Europe. It was the first to issue circulating notes-which were passed only by endorsement, not being payable to bearer. The Bank of Hamburg, established in 1619, was a bank of both deposit and circulation based on fine silver bars. This bank, like nearly all of that early time, had, as a principal object, the protection of the people from worn, sweated, clipped and plugged coins, or coins of certain empires that were reduced in standard value. The remedy generally adopted was to lock up the debased and depreciated coins and circulate the credit granted for them. Various other banks sprang into existence throughout Europe, many of them being powerful government agencies, and in many cases exerted a wide influence in shaping the destinies of empires. In 1694 the Bank of England was established, and there is no banking institution in the world equal to it in the management of national finances. The Bank of France was authorized in 1800. It is not a fiscal agent of the government as is that of England. It does not collect or disburse the revenues of the exchequer, but it lends to it largely, while its credits, in the form of circulating notes and other acceptances, have borne the government safely through extraordinary needs. It is claimed that the first organized bank in the United States had its origin in the formation of a banking company without charter June 18th, 1780, by the citizens of Philadelphia, and first action by Congress was taken June 22, of the same year, in reference to this proposed association. Two years afterward a "perpetual charter" was granted to the Bank of North America at Philadelphia. In 1784 the State of Massachusetts incorporated the Massachusetts Bank. The Bank of New York was chartered in March, 1791, although it had been doing business since 1784, under articles of association drawn by Alexander Hamilton. Most of these institutions are still running and have been converted into national banks. The Bank of the United States was organized in 1791. The most of the stock was owned by the United States Government but later the Government interest was disposed of, and in 1843 the bank failed. State banks were organized rapidly, "and private banking firms sprang into existence and the business of banking assumed immense proportions. In 1863, the NATIONAL BANK SYSTrEM was adopted and in 1864 the National Bank Bureau of the Treasury Department was organized, the chief officer of which is the comptroller of the currency. In March, 1865, an act was passed providing for a ten per cent. tax on- notes of any person or State bank issued for circulation, and making an exception of National banks. This had the effect of taxing the S'tate bank circulation out of existence. As the National banking system has proven one of the most efficient and satisfactory methods the world has ever known, it will be of interest to review here some of its principal features Under this act National banks may be organized by any number of persons not less than five. Not less than one-third of the capital must be invested in United States bonds, upon which circulating notes may be issued equal to 90 per cent. of the par value of the bonds. These circulating notes are receivable at par in the United States in all payments except for duties on imports, interest on the public debt and in redemption of the national currency. The National banks are required to keep a certain reserve; they are authorized to loan money at the rate of interest allowed in the various states-when no rate is fixed by the laws of the State, the banks may charge 7 per cent. Shareholders are held individually liable, equably and ratably, for all debts of the association to the extent of the amount of their stock, in addition to the amount invested therein. The banks are required, before the declaration of a dividend, to carry one-tenth part of their net profits of the preceding half year to a surplus fund until the same shall amount to 20 per cent. of the capital; and losses and bad debts must be deducted from net profits before any dividend is declared. A receiver may be appointed by the comptroller to close up under his supervision the affairs of any national bank which shall fail to keep good its lawful money reserve or which may become insolvent. "While there have been national bank failures, there has never been any loss to the people whatever on the circulation. A suit may be brought for forfeiture of the charter of a bank if the directors shall knowingly violate the law; and in such cases they may be held liable in their individual capacity. There are other restrictions in the law-such as, for instance, the prohibition against loaning to any one borrower of more then ten per cent. of the capital; or the holding of any real estate except such as is required for banking purposes, or the granting of loans upon the security of the bank stock. The national bank circulation has been gradually growing less during the past ten years, as the United States bonds available are quoted so high above par and the rate of interest so low that there is but little profit to the banks in it. All of the States have laws regulating State banks and providing certain restrictions, but as -the laws of the various States are not alike it is impossible to give a general description of the matter that would apply to all the States. The laws, however, provide for and require State banks to hold a certain reserve, and at regular intervals they make full statements as to their condition and. their affairs are examined into by certain State officials at frequent intervals. The laws of all the States have reached a high degree of perfection in the method of regulating and overseeing State banks, and the almost universal soundness and reliability of these institutions reflect credit upon the laws under which they exist. CLEARING HOUSE. HE Clearing-House is the place where the exchanges of the the banks are made in all the principal cities of the world. The clearing-house system was first established in London about the beginning of the present century. It was first introduced into this country by the banks of the city of New York organizing an association, under the name of the 'New York Clearing-House, which commenced operations Oct. 11, 1853. At that time it consisted of fifty-two banks, but five of them were soon closed because of inability to meet its requirements. Clearing Houses have since been established in nearly all of the principstl cities of the continent. In all cities a bank receives large amounts of bills and checks on other banks, so that at the close of each day's 'business every bank has, in its drawers, various sums thus due it by other banks. It is, in like manner, itself the debtor of other banks, which have during the day received its bills and checks drawn upon it. Prior to the establishment of the clearing house it was necessary for each bank, every morning, to make up its account with every other bank, and to send its porter or agent to present the bills and checks so received to the debtor banks for payment. The balances were adjusted by payments in gold, which became so laborious, dangerous and complicated that the balances were settled only weekly instead of daily-a plan that resulted in great risk and evil. This was obviated by the clearing-house system, through which the settlements are so simultaneously and quickly effected that in New York the transactions in one single day have amounted to over $300,000,000, in adjusting which the exchanges were settled in the space of an hour. Besides saving a vast amount of work, bookkeeping and expense, it enabled the banks by united aid to strengtheh each other in times of excitement and financial panic. The following is the manner in which the settlenments are made in about all the clearing-houses of this country: The clearing-room is provided with a continuous line of desks, one for each bank that is a member of the association, each desk bearing the name and number of the bank. Each bank is represented every morning, at the hour fixed for settlement, by two clerks, one a messenger who brings with him the checks, drafts, etc., that his bank has received during the day previous upon the other banks-called the "exchanges," and these are assorted for each bank and'placed in envelopes. On the outside of each envelope is a slip on which are listed the amounts of the various items which it contains. The messengers take their places in a line outside the row of desks, each opposite the desk assigned to his bank, while at each desk is a clerk with a sheet containing the names of all the banks in the same order as the desks, with the aggregate amounts which his bank's messenger has against each bank. Just previous to the hour fixed for making the exchanges the manager takes his position and calls the house to order. At a signal the bell rings and each messenger moves forward to the desk next to his own and delivers the envelope containing the checks, etc., for the bank represented at that desk to the clerk at that desk, together with a printed list of the banks in the same order, with the amount opposite each bank. The clerk receiving it signs and returns it to the messenger, who immediately passes on to the next desk; then to the next, and so on until he has made a complete circuit and has again reached the desk of his own bank-the starting point. All the other messengers moving in the same manner, each messenger has, by this means, visited every bank and delivered to each everything his bank held for it, taking a receipt for the same; and at the.same time each bank has received all the exchanges that every other bank had against it. This operation, even in the greatest clearing-houses, only consumes from ten to fifteen minutes. This enables the banks to know at once the exact balance for or against it, as the clerks immediately enter from the slips on their own sheets the aggregate amount from each bank, and the difference between the total amount brought by them, which at once shows the balance due to or from the clearing house to each bank. This is reported to their banks, and the balance is paid to or drawn from the clearing house, thus at once settling the accounts between all the banks. The lists are "proved" carefully and certain fines are laid for all errors, tardiness, etc. I L L COPYRIGHT 1910 BY GEO. A. OGLE & CO MMIR

Page  123 Q' rt' VFNT N. i 1$ O HRO N 0LO I CAL^ t RANG:E^M:E:NT -- O F........ ( ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN Copyright, 1896, by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. The chief aim of this Chronological History is to give in a comprehensive and attractive form the principal events of the unnecessary details. For convenience this history is arranged under-I. Ancient History, II. Medieval History, III Modern HistE From the beginning of the Sixteenth Century to American Revolution. Second. From the birth of the United States to the pros HISTORMY Shistory of the world free from dry. The latter is given-First. ent time by countries. h Ancient History B. C. 4004 Biblical account of the creation.,3800 Sargon I. King of Babylon. 3200 *The first Egyptian dynasty under Menes. 2803 Snefru, 3d Egyptian dynasty. Egyptian inscriptions begin. Phenicia said to have been peopled by the "sons of Anak." 2750 Tyro and Sidon founded. 2700 The 4th Egyptian dynasty begins. The Pyramid Tombs erected. 2539 Meria Pepi I., Sixth Egyptian dynasty. 2458 Chaldea said to have been conquered by Medes or Armenians. 2448 The deluge. 2300 The Elamitic Conquest. The Hittites in Cappadocia. Rise of Assyria. 2280 Thebes, Egypt, founded. 2234 Alleged beginning of Chaldean astronomical observations sent by Callisthenes to Aristotle; the earliest extant is of 720 B. C. 2200 The Hia dynasty in China founded. Cuneiform writing probably in use. 2180 Nineveh built. 2160 First Persian dynasty founded. 2130 Amen-em-hat I. founds 12th Egyptian 22 dynasty. ' 2120 Pyramids built north of Memphis. 2100 The Obelisk of On erected. 2093 Reign of Urich of Chaldea. 2042 Uranus arrives in Greece. 2008 Sicyon, Greece founded. 1996 Birth of Abraham. 1921 Call of Abraham. 1920 Abraham arrives in Syria. 1896 Isaac born. 1882 Death of Abraham. 1856 Kingdom of Argus founded. 1850 Reign of Ismi-dagon, who conquers Assyria. 1837 Birth of Jacob and Esau. 1822 Memnon invents the Egyptian alphabet. 1800 Hykos in Egypt. 1729 Joseph sold into Egypt. 1710 Arcadians emigrate to Italy and found a colony. 1706 Jacob and his family settle in Egypt. 1618 Sesostris conquers Asia and Ethiopia. 1582 Beginning of the chronology of the Arundelian marbles, which were brought to England, in A. D. 1627. 1571 Moses born. Male infants in Egypt destroyed. 1556 Athens founded. 1516 Kingdom of Sparta formed. 1530 Expulsion of the Hykos from Egypt. SAahmes I. founds 18th Egyptian dynasty. "1500 The Kossean conquest of Babylon. Rameses I. founds 19th Egyptian dynasty. Arabians subdue Chaldea and establish a new dynasty. 1497 Reign of Agenor, 1st king of Phenicia. 1493 Cadmus founds Thebes. Discovery of brass. Introduction of the alphabet into Greece. 1491 The passover instituted. Departure of the Israelites from Egypt. The law given from Mount Sinai. 1490 Tabernacle established in the wilderness. 1451 Death of Moses and Aaron. Joshua leads the Israelites into Canaan. 1445 Joshua divides Canaan. 1413 to 1136 Hebrews subject to six periods of bondage. 1402 Othniel, first judge in Israel. 1400 King of Babylon marries the daughter of the Assyrian King. 1394 Ehud,.second judge of Israel. 1384 Corinth built. 1380 K urigalzu King of Babylon. 1355 Eglon, King of Moab. 1350 Israel wars with her neighbors. 1'326 Eleusinian monasteries instituted. 1321 King Thothmosis changes the Egyptian calendar. 1320 Egyptian Obelisks erected. Ruth the Moabitess marries Boaz. 1313 Kingdom of Myacena created. 1308 Lethos builds temple of Vulcan at Memphis. 1296 Borak and Deborah in Israel. 1280 Pelops settles in South Greese. 1273 Rise of the Assyrian Empire. 1250 Babylon conquered by the Assyrians. 1239 Gideon, the greatest of the judges of Israel. 1240 Ramses-Sesostris reigns in Egypt. 1209 Abimelech King of Israel. 1200 Proetus in Egypt. 1198 Helen carried off by Paris. 1193 Trojan war begins. 1184 Troy destroyed by Greeks. 1180 Rameses III. the last Egyptian native hero. 1171 Eli, High Priest in Israel. 1161 Israel wars against Amorites. 1152 Alba Longa founded. 1150 Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon invades Syria. 1143 Jepthah judge over Israel. 1136 Samson defeats the Philistines. 1130 Tiglath Pileser I. invades Babylonia. 1123 Samuel, judge and first prophet in Israel. 1112 Death of Samson. 1110 Tiglath Pileser seizes Babylon but is soon overcome. 1103 Eolians settle in Asia Minor. 1100 (circa) The Chow dynasty in China. founded. 1095 Saul made first King of Israel. S1093 Saul defeats the Philistines. 1081 Birth of David. 1075 Death of Samuel. 1056 Death of Saul and Jonathan, and accession of David. 1050 Tyre becomes the leading city. Hirhor seizes the Egyptian throne. 1018 David takes Jerusalem. 1047 King Hiram, of Tyre, aids the Israelites. 1044 lonians settle in Asia Minor. 1040 David defeats the Philistines and recovers the Ark. The Ark removed to Jerusalem. David, of Israel, subdues the Syrians. 1023 The revolt and death of Absalom. 1015 Death of David. Solomon becomes King. 1011 Solomon's Temple begun. 1004 Completion and dedication of Solomon's Temple. 90 The Queen of Sheba visits King Solomon. 075 Death of Solomon. Revolt of the Ten Tribes. Division into kingdoms of Israel and Judah. The kingdom of Israel established under Jeroboam. Syria recovers independence. *Egyptian History is in a state of almost hopeless obscurity, the estimates of the great "Egyptologers differing more than 3,000 years. The dates here given are generally accepted by the greater part of Chronologists. B. C. 971 Shishak, King of Egypt, captures and plunders Jerusalem. 957 Abijah, King of Judah, defeats the King of Israel. 950 The decline of Thebes, Egypt. Assur-dayan II., King of Assyria. 916 Rhodians found navigation laws. 906 Israel is afflicted with a famine predicted by the Prophet Elijah. 901 Syria makes war upon Israel and is defeated. 900 Erection of the northwest palace of Nimrod. 897 Elijah translated to heaven. 896 Jehoshaphat defeats the Ammonites. Death of Ahab, King of Israel. 895 Miracles of Elisha the Prophet. 892 Samaria besieged by the Syrians. 884 Lacedemon settled. Legislation of Lycurgus at Sparta. Assur-natsir-pal King of Assyria. 880 The Assyrians again invade Babylonia. 878 Carthage founded by Dido the Tyrian. 875 Sardanapalus I. of Assyria. 870 The Assyrians conquer Phenicia. 860 Assyrian conquest under Shalmaneser. Hazael attacks Israel. 846 Lycurgus flourishes. Olympic games revived in Elis, Greece. 834 Assyria conquers Tarsus. 820 Babylon becomes subject to Assyria. 800 The Egyptians the most powerful nation on the sea. Eolian colonies established. 794 Ionian colonies established. 776 Commencement of the Olymp'_7 > First authentic date in Greek history. 760 The Etruscans in Campania. 753 Rome founded by Romulus. 752 Athens establishes decennial instead of perpetual Archons. 750 Sabine war follows the abduction of the Sabine women. Ethiopia independent. 747 Babylon independent of Nineveh. League between Romans and Sabines. 745 Pul assumes the name of Tiglath Pileser and founds the 2nd Assyrian Empire. Assyria invades Palestine. 743 Messenian wars. Sparta victorious. 741 Pekah, King of Israel, besieges Jerusalem. 740 Tiglath Pileser destroys Syria. Israel forms an alliance with Syria against Judah. Syria becomes subject to Assyria. 730 Shalmaneser subdues Israel. 726 Hezekiah abolishes idolatry in Judah. 723 Shalmaneser IV. invades Phenicia. 721 Assyrians invest Samaria and carry the Ten Tribes into captivity. The Kingdom of Israel destroyed. 717 Assyrians totally defeat the Hittites. 716 Assassination of Romulus. 715 Numa Pompilius, King of Rome. 713 Sennacherib, the Assyrian, invades Egypt. 710 Sennacherib invades Judah. 185,000 Assyrians destroyed in one night by an angel. 709 Sargon of Assyria conquers Babylon. 698 Manasseh, King of Judah. Gross idolatry in Judah. 690 Gyges founds the 3rd Lydian dynasty. 686 Egypt divided betweeen 12 Kings. 685-668 Second Messenian War, under Aristomenes. 684 Archonship at Athens made annual. 681 Esar-haddon King of Assyria. Babylon becomes the second capital. 683 Croon becomes first annual archon of Athens. 678 Samaria colonized by Assyrians. 672 Assyria conquers Egypt. 671 Psammeticus reigns in Egypt and encourages intercourse with the Greeks. 670 Alban invasion and battles of the Horath and Curiatii. Rise of Magaria, Greece. 667-625 Reign of Assur-bani-pal, King of Assyria. 665 Sea fight between Corinth and Corcyra. Tullius Hostillius defeats the Albans and destroys Alba Longa. 662 Thebes destroyed by Assyrians. 660 Messany, Italy founded. Buddha. 659 Byzantium founded by Megarians under Bysas, 655 Bacchiadac expelled from Greece. 650 Median Monarchy founded. 645 Egypt independent of Assyria. 642 Kalanite dynasty, Media, founded by Cyaxzares. 641 Cyrene founded. 640 Ancus Martius reigns in Rome. Invasion of Scythians who subjugate Persia. Ostia, Italy, founded. Religious reformation under Josiah, King of Judah. 632 Invasion of Assyria by the Scythians. 625 Babylon independent under Nabopolassar. Nineveh taken by the Modes. Assyrian Empire Ends. Periander at Corinth. 624 Legislation of Draco, Archon at Athens. In repairing the temple at Jerusalem, Hilkiah discovers the Book of the law, and Josiah keeps a solemn passover. Jeremiah prophet. 623 Passover. The Ark restored. 616 Tarquinius Priscus begins to reign in Rome. 615 The Capitol, Rome, begun in honor of Jupiter, Juno and Minerva. Pharaoh Necho II. Egypt, circumnavigates Africa. 610 Battle of Megiddo. Death of Josiah. Necho II. Egypt, attempts to cut a canal across the Isthmus of Suez. Failure after a loss of over 100,000 men. 605 The Circus Maximus, Rome, is erected. Necho II. of Egypt defeated by Nebuchadnezzar. Jeremiah's prophecy of the seventy years' captivity. Nebuchadnezzar takes Jerusalem. Jehoiakim, his vassal. 603 Daniel prophesies at Babylon. 602 Jehoiakim revolts from Babylon. 600 The Cloace Maxime (great sewers) of Rome are built. 598 Capture of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar. Second captivity. 597 Zedekiah made King over the remnant of Judah. 596 Persians invade Syria, and Syria continues a subject of Persia for three centuries. 594 Code of Solon at Athens published. 590 The seven wise men of Greece flourish, Solon, Periander, Pittacus, Chilon, Thales, Cleobulus and Bias. War between Media and Lydia. B. C. 588 The Pythian games begin to be celebrated every five years. Jerusalem, having rebelled against Babylon, is besieged by Nebuchadnezzar. 587 Nebuchadnezzar invades Phenicia. Golden image set up. Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego thrown into a furnace. Prophecies of Obadiah. 586 Jerusalem taken and destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar. End of the kingdom of Judah. 585 Death of Periander, tyrant of Athens forty years. Treaty between Media and Lydia. 580 Copper money coined at Rome. 579 Nebuchadnezzar takes Tyre. 578 Accession of Servius Tullius, Rome. 575 Civil war in Egypt. 570 Amasis reigns in Egypt. 569 Egypt conquered by Nebuchadnezzar. 566 The first census of Rome taken-84,700 inhabitants. 562 Death of Nebuchadnezzar. Nabonidos King of Babylon. 560 Pisistratus becomes tyrant of Athens. Confucius and Zoroaster. Esop's fables. 559 Anacreon begins to be known. Persian Empire founded by Cyrus. 556 Birth of Simonides (died B. C. 467.) 554 Conquest of Lydia and capture of Cresus by Cyrus. 549 Death of Phalaris, tyrant of Agrigentum. 546 Fall of Lydian Empire. 543 Cyrus annexes Asia Minor to Persia. 540-510 Era of Pythagoras. 539 (circa) Marseilles founded by Pheniclans. 538 Daniel interprets handwriting on the wall. Cyrus conquers Babylon. Belshazzar, King of Babylon, is slain. 536 Cyrus ends the captivity of the Jews. Return of the first caravan to Jerusalem under Zerubbabel and Joshua. Cyrus also subdues Phenicia. 535 Rebuilding of the Temple commenced. Thespis first exhibits tragedy. 534 Servius assassinated by Tulla, his daughter. Her husband, Tarquinius Superbus, becomes King of Rome. 532 Polycrates, tyrant of Samos (put to death B. C. 522). 531 Reign of Darius I. begins after assassination of Smerdis, the Magian. 529 Death of Cyrus. Accession of Cambyses. 525 Conquest of Egypt by Cambyses. Birth of Eschylus (died B. C. 456). The temple of Isis, Egypt, completed. Smerdis usurps the Persian throne, defeated by Darius, 522. 522 Death of Cambyses. Greeks colonize the Thracian Chersonese. Lestos founded. - 521-485 Reign of Darius I. (Hystaspis) King of Persia. 520 Sibylline books brought from Cume. Decree of Darius for re-building the Temple at Jerusalem. 518 Birth of- Pindar (died B. C. 439). 515 The Temple rebuilt and dedicated. 514 Insurrection in Athens. Hipparchus slain. Hippias rules in Athens. 510 Croton destroys Sybaris. Expulsion of the Tarquins from Rome. Foundation of the Republic. Junius Brutus and Tarquinius Collatinus consuls. The Pisistride expelled from Athens. Athens a republic. 509 Commercial treaty between Carthage and Rome. 508 First treaty betweeen Rome and Carthage. First Valerian Laws. The Scythian Expedition of Darius. 507 Capitol at Rome completed and dedicated. 504 Sardis burned by the Greeks. 501 Siege of Naxos by Aristagoras. Titus Lartius made Dictator of Rome. Ionian revolt in Asia Minor. 500 Burning of Sardis by the lonians and Athenians. 499 The revolt of the Ionians (Greece). 498 Persia recovers Cyprus. 497 Battle of Lake Regillus. Tarquin and his Latin allies defeated by "' f. Romans. First authentic date in Roman history. 496 Histieus, the Persian, sent to the coast by Darius. 495 Birth of Sophocles (died B. C. 406). Revolt of the lonians, aided by Athens, suppressed. 494 Tribunes at Rome appointed. Patricians secede. 493 Independence of the Latins recognized. Corioli taken by Caius Martius (Coriolanus.) The Latin League. 492 First Persian expedition, under Mardonius against Greece, is defeated and fleet destroyed near Mt. Athos. 491 Coriolanus banished from Rome. He is received by the Volscians. 490 Second Bersian expedition, under Datis and Artaphernes. Their defeat, and victory of Miltiades at the battle of Marathon. 489 Coriolanus and the Volscians besiege Rome. 488 Coriolanus withdraws from siege of Rome at his mother's entreaty and is slain by the Volscians. 486 Egyptian revolt. First Agrarian Law of Cassius proposed. 485 Accession of Xerxes I., King of Persia. Gelon tyrant of Syracuse. 485 Recovery of Egypt by the Persians. Birth of Herodotus (died after B. C. 409). 483 Banishment of Aristides the Just by the Athenians. 481 Athenian fleet built. Third and greatest invasion of Greece by the Persians, led by Xerxes. 480 Battle of Thermopyle-fall of Leonidas. Battle of Salamis-victory of Themistocles. Xerxes destroys Athens. First invasion of Sicily by Carthage. Defeat of the Carthaginians by Gelon at Himera. Birth of Euripides (died B. C. 406.) 479-450 Anaxagorus (b. 500, d. 428) teaches philosophy at Athens. 479 Occupation of Athens by Mardonius. Persians defeated at Platea and Mycale and retreat from Greece. Siege of Sestos. 477 Beginning of the supremacy of Athens. The Fabii perish in battle with the Veientes. 475-478 Heiro I-at Syracuse,-. 474 Esther and Mordecai. 471 Banishment of Themistocles. B. C. 471 Birth of Thucydides (died after B. C. 403). First Pubillian Laws;. Election of plebeian magistrates given to the Comitia Tributa-Rome. 470 Victory of Cimon over the Persians at the Eurymedon. Antium (Rome) taken. Suicide of Appius Claudius. 469 Pericles begins to take part in the public affairs of Athens. 468 Birth of Socrates. Destruction of Mycene by the Argives. Diogenes of Appolonio flourishes. 466 Flight of Themistocles to Persia. Siege of Naxos. Battles at the Eurymedon. Phenicians aiding Persia are defeated by the Greeks under Cimon. 465 Xerxes I. assassinated. Reign of Artaxerxes I. in Persia. Revolt of Thasos. 464 Revolt of the Helots at Sparta. Third Messenian War. Sparta defeats Messenia. 460 Egypt revolts against Persia. (The revolt is suppressed in 455.) Birth of Democritus and Hippocrates (both died in B. C. 357). The Athenian in Egypt. 459 Gorgias flourished. 458 Commission of Ezra to rebuild Jerusalem. Birth of Lysias the orator (died 378). Cincinnatus made dictator at Rome. Defeats the Equi. 457 Battle of Tanagra. 456 The Long Walls of Athens completed. 451 The first Decemvirate or council of ten at Rome. Laws of the Twelve Tables or code of laws instituted. 449 The Greeks defeat the Persians at Salamus in Cyprus. Virginius kills his daughter to save her from Appius Claudius. First Decemvirate abolished. Appius Claudius, Rome. 448 Valerian and Horatian Laws. Tyranny of the second Decemvirate. Secession of the Plebs from Rome. Abdication of the Decemvirs. Second Sacred War in Greece. 447 Battle of Coronea, defeat of Athens. 446 Syracuse subdues Agrigentum and defeats the Etruscans. 445 Thirty years' truce between Athens and Sparta concluded. Decline of the Athenian Empire. Revolt of Eubea and Megara. Canuleian Laws, Rome. Nehemiah governor of Judea. 444 Athenian Colony to Thurii. Pericles becomes supreme at Athens. Birth of Xenophon about this time (died 359). Commission of Nehemiah. The walls of Jerusalem rebuilt. Roman Consular Tribunes established. 443-338 The Parthenon at Athens built by Phidias. 443 Herodotus flourishes in Greece. 442 New constitution at Rome-censdrs and military tribunes appointed instead of consuls. 440 Rome visited by a terrible famine. 440-439 The Samian war. Siege and reduction of Samos by Pericles. Death of Spurius Melius-Rome. 437 Cornelius Cossus and Lars Tolumnius. Second Spolia Opima, Rome. 436 Birth of Isocrates (died 338). 434 Rome declares war against the Etruscans. 433 Treaty between Athens and Corcyra. Meton, astronomer, flourished. 431 Peloponnesian War begins between Athens and a confederacy with Sparta at the head, lasting twenty-seven years and ending in the defeat of Athens. Potidea besieged by the A tbvnians (taken in 429). Death of Pericles. Rise of Cleon. Battle of Mt. Algidus; the Eqni and Volsci defeated. 430 The plague at Athens. ~ 429 Plato born (died 347). Siege of Platea. Naval victories of Phr.o. 428 Revolt and fall of Myti one., 427 Reduction of Mytilene First Athenian expedition to Sicily. First comedy of Aristophanes exhibited. Corcyrean massacre. 426 Demosthenes in Etolia. Destruction in Fidene. 425 Reign of Xerxes II. followed by Logdianus. Sphacteria taken. 424 Darius II. reigns in Persia. Congress of Sicilians at Gela. 423 Alcibiades begins to act in Athenian af fairs. The Samanites (Rome) capture Valternium. 423 Capua taken by the Samanites. 419 Birth of Diogones the Cynic, (died 324). 418 Battle of Mantinea. Spartans defeated by Athens. 415 The Hebrew, Malachi, prophesies. Invasion of Sicily by the Athenians under Nicias. 414 Siege of Syracuse. 413 Defeat and surrender of Nicias to Gelippus. 412 First treaty between Sparta and Persia. Constitution of the Four Hundred at Athens. Intrigues of Alcibiades with the Persians. 410 Beginning of the wars of Syracuse and Carthage. They continue seventy years. 409 Three plebeian questors of Rome elected. Second invasion of Sicily by the Carthaginians. 407 The Volscians defeat the Romans. Rhodes founded. 406 Battle of Arginuse. Condemnation of the ten generals. Dionysius tyrant of Syracuse; reigns thirty-eight years. 405 The siege of Veil, Rome. Battle of Egospotami. Dionysius I. reigns in Syracuse. - 404 Athens taken by Lysander. End of the Pelor.onnesian War. Government of the Thirty Tyrants at Athens. Spartan supremacy. Death of Alcibiades. 403 Thrasybulus restores democratic government at Athens. 402 Birth of Phocion (died 317.) 401 Expedition of Cyrus the younger who rebels; at the battle of Cunaxa he is defeated and slain and the "Retreat of ten thousand" Greeks under Xenophon begins. 401--384 Ctesias flourished. B. C. 400 Malachi. 399 Death of Socrates, 398 Campaign and peace of Dercyllidas. 396 First Campaign of Agesilaus in Asia. The Roman dictator Camillos captures Veii. 395 Grer an coalition against Sparta; Lysane_ r slain. 394 Persians assist the Athenians and defeat the Spartans at the naval battle of the Cnidus. The Corinthian War begins. The second battle of Coronea. 393 The Long Walls of Athens restored by Corion. 392 Veii stormed by Hamillus. 391 Camillus impeached and exiled. 390 Battle of Allia. The Romans defeated by Brennus and the Gauls. Rome burnt. Siege of the Capitol. 389 Victory of Dionysius at Helorus. Birth of Eschines. The Gauls expelled from Rome and city rebuilt. 387 Peace of Antalcidas, Persia. Greek cities in Asia subjected to Persia. End of the Corinthian War. Capitoline games established in Rome. 385 Defeat of the Persians under Evagoras. 384 Birth of Aristotle. Manlius hurled from Tarpeian rock for having aimed at sovereignty. 383 Battle of Lecheum. The Olynthian war begins, and ends 379. 382 Seizure of the Cadmea at Thebes by Phedibas. Birth of Demosthenes (died 322).,_ 380 Death of Aristophanes. Height of Spartan power. 379 Recovery of the Cadmea by Pelopidas. 378 The Athenians allied with Thebes. 376 Roman civil war between patricians an& plebeians. Law passed that one consul shall be a plebeian. 375 Battle of Leuctra, Greece. 372 Peace between Athens and Sparta. 371 Victory of Epaminondas over the Spartans at Leuctra. Foundation of Megapolis. 370 Jason of Phere assassinated. Alexander of Phere in Thessaly. 367 Embassy of Pelopidas, the Greek, to Persia. Aristotle goes to Athens, and remains with Plato twenty years. Licinian laws passed at Rome. 366 Joshua slain by the High Priest. Birth of Zeno, the Stoic (died 264). Institution of pretorship and curule edileship at Rome. First Plebeian consul elected. 365 Great Plague at Rome. Legend of M. Curtius. 362-346 Rome wars with the Gauls, Etruscans and Hernicans. Battle of Mantinea (circa). Victory and death of Epaminondas. < 360 The Samaritans build the Temple at Gerizim. Kingdom of Pontus founded. 358 Beginning of the Social War in Greece. Siege of Chios and Byzantium. Amphipolis taken by Philip II. 357-352-347 Roman laws of debt. Phocian (or Sacred) War begins. Expedition of Dion to Sicily. 356 Second Sacred War, the Phocians having seized the Temnple of Delphi. Birth of Alexander tne Great. Temple of Diana, at Ephesus, burned. Dion expels Dionysius from Syracuse. Caius Marcius Rutilus first Plebeian Dictator at Rome. 355 End of the Social War in Greece. Independence of Rhodes, Cos, Chios and Byzantium acknowledged by Athens. 354 Revolt of Artabazus, the Persian. 353 Siege of Methone, Greece. 352 Demosthenes delivers his first Philippie. Phenicia revolts from the Persian monarchy. 351 C. Marcius Rutilus first Plebeian censor, Rome. Sidonians revolt and destroy Sidon. 350 The Roman Popilius defeats the Gauls. 348 Olynthus taken by Philip of Macedon~ Treaty between Carthage and Rome. 346 Surrender of Phocis to Philip. End of the Sacred War. Philip admitted to the Amphyctionie Council. Dionysius recovers the tyranny. 343 First Samnite war begins. Battle of Mt. Gaurus. Conquest of Syracuse by Timoleon. Expulsion of Dionysius. Embassy of Demosthenes and others to Philip. 342 Roman Genucian laws, Mutiny at Lantule, Rome. 342-341 Philip of Macedon's expedition to Thrace. Birth of Epicurus (died 270). 345 Perinthus and Byzantium besieged by Philip. Victory of Timoleon over the Carthaginians at the Crimisus. Battle of Mt. Vesuvius, Rome. 339 Second Roman Pubilian laws. Third Sacred War begins between Philip and the Athenians. 338 Philip general of the Amphyctionic League. Battle of Cheronea. Philip subjugates Greece. 337 First Roman Plebeian pretor. 337-335 The Latin War begins; after two years the Romans are victorious. 336 Murder of Philip. Accession of Alexander IIIo the Great. Accession of Darius Codomanus. 335 Alexander destroys Thebes; is chosen generalissimo of the Greeks, Athens having submitted. 334 Battle of the Granicus. Macedonian Empire formed. Alexander invades Persia. 333 Battle of Issus. Damascus taken and Tyre besieged by Alexander. 332 Capture of Tyre and conquest of Egypt by Alexander. Alexandria, Egypt, founded on the Egyptian village Rhacotis. Treaty between Alexander and Rome. Alexander visits Jerusalem and worshis at the Temple. 331 Phenicia subdued by Alexander. Battle of Arbela. Subjugation of Persia. Settlement of the Jews at Alexandria. 330 Darius III. assassinated. Demosthenes' oration for the crown. Persia becomes a part of the Macedonian Empire. / 327-325 Campaigns of Alexander in India. Voyage of Nearchus from the Indus to the Euphrates. 326 Roman servitude for debt abolished. J \ A'V r, 9,

Page  124 _, ~SUPPLEMENT XI. I y ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY. B. C, 324 Exile of Demosthenes. 323 Death of Alexander at Babylon. Alexander succeeded by Perdiccas as Regent. Antipater in Macedonia. Lysimachus in Thrace. Cassander in Greece. Antigonus in Syria. Eumenes in Cappadocia. Seleucus at Babylon. Second Samnite War, lasts twenty-one years. Antipater, a Macedonian general, defeats Athens and allies. 322 Ptolemy I., surnamed Soter, receives the Egyptian Kingdom. Phenicia annexed to Egypt by Ptolemy Soter I. irst war among the "successors of ""]-Alexander." Ijattle of the Caudine Forks. 'Romans terribly defeated by Pontius and pass under the Samnite yoke.,320 Ptolemy Soter takes Jerusalem. Revolt of Phenicia. Jewish settlements in Egypt and Cyreneo 917 Agathocles at Syracuse. 315 Thebes rebuilt by Cassander. Conquest of Antigonus of Phrygia. 314 Palestine under Antigonus. Roman victory at Cinna. 313 Samnite victory at Lantule. 312 Battle of Gaza. Victory of Ptolemy and Seleucus over.Demetrius Poliorcetes..Pyrrhus king of Epirus. Appius Claudius censor. Appian Way and aqueduct. The great Roman military road completed. S1--160 Sandracottus, Indian empire. S11-309 The Etruscan War. 310 L. Papirius Cursor, Roman Dictator. Agathocles defeated at Himera. $08 Fabius crosses Ciminian Hills; defeats the Tuscans at Vadimon. 8,07-305 Naval war at Cyprus and Rhodes. $04 Siege of Rhodes by Demetrius. 801 Battle of Ipsis between Ptolemy Soter and Antigonus. Final division of Alexander-s dominions.,WO Athenian democracy restored. Chandrogupta (Sandracottus) reigns in India; makes a treaty with Seleucus. Foundation of Antioch by Seleucus. Light-house on island of Pharos erected. 299 Athens besieged and taken by Demetrius. 298 Third Samnite War. (Samnites, Etrusr cans, Umbrians and Gauls.) Gellius Egnatius, leader of the Samnite,% W96 The Capitoline wolf. 295 Quintus Fabius defeats the Samnites Etruscans and Gauls at Sentinum. 292 Execution of 0. Pontius. 290 The Thivd Samnite War ends in sub' jugation to Rome. 10 Birth of Archimedes (died 212). 286 The Hortensian Law passed at Rome; plebiscita declared binding on all the people. 295 Ptolemy abdicates in favor of his son, Philadelphus, who becomes Ptolemy It. Under his reign Egypt rose to a high rank among the nations in power and wealth. 284 Alexandrian Library founded by Ptolemy Soter. "1204 The Etolian League formed.,& Kingdom of Pergamus founded. Renewed Gallic and Etruscan War. Second battle of Lake Vadimon. 281 Rome wars with Pyrrhus, king of'Epirus. Rome at war with Tarentum. Lysimachus defeated and slain by Saleucus at Corupedion. 280 Achean League between twelve cities of Achea established. Battle of Pandosia. Romans defeated by Pyrrhus. Birth of Chryssippus (died 207). 279 Irruption of the Gauls into Greece. First Plebeian censor at Rome. Romans again defeated by Pyrrhus at Ascnlum. Rome and Carthage allied. 277/ League between Athens, Sparta and Egypt. The Septuagint written. The Gauls settle in Galatia. 276 Birth of Eratosthenes--died 196. The great wall of China built (?) 274 Battle of Beneventum. Rome victorious and Pyrrhuis leaves Italy. 273 Egyptian embassy to Rome. 272 Antigonus Gonatus recovers Macedon. 269 Silver money first coined at Rome. Hiero II. of Syracuse. -2 268 Berosus flourished. Antigonus of Macedon takes Athens. 266 Rome supreme over all Italy. 2X3 First Punic War begins. Carthage disputes Rome's Empire. Chronology of Arundelian (Parian) marble ends. 260 First Roman fleet launched. Victory of Duilius off Myle. Rise of Parthia. 266--230 Reign of Asoka in India.,256 Naval victory of Regulus over the WaSthaginians at Ecnomos. Invasion of Africa. 255 DDefeat and capture of Regutls by the Carthaginians. Evacuation of Africa. 254 The Kingdom of Ductia..250 Parthia becomes an independent 3ig~ domr under Arsaces. Dynasty of Tsin in China founded. 247 Ptolemy III. makes war on Syria. Restores the Egyptian gods carried Off by Cambyses 525 B. C. Birth of Hannibal-died 183. -25 Aratus of Sicyon, general of the Achean Leagues. R43 Defeat of Carthaginians by Catulus at */w the Egates Insule. ]tnd of the First Punic War. 'icily made a Roman Province. Atalus, King of Pergamus. Agis IV. killed at Sparta. iFt0 The plays of Livius Andronicus exhib. i " ted (the first tragedies) at Rome. 238 Date of the decree of Canopus; tablet of San. 237 Conquest of Spain attempted by the Car-, thaginians. Seizure of Sardinia and Corsica by the Romans. 235 The gates of the Temple of Janus at Rome shut for the first time since Numa. No war existing at the time. 234 Birth of M. Porcius Cato-died 149. 233 Antigonus Doson in Macedon. 229 Athens joins the Achean League. 227 Cleomenic War with Achean League begins. 226 Reforms of Cleomenes at Sparta. 225 Invasion of Cisalpine Gaul and battle of Clusium. Rome victorious. 222 Ptolemy IV. reigns in Egypt. 01 Defeats Antiochus III. of Syria at Ra. phia. Gallia Cisalpina becomes a Roman Prov. ince. 22X Eattle of Sellasia. Aratus and Antigonus take Sparta. Philip V. of Macedon. Alliance between Philip and Ache against Etolians. 220 Hasdrubal assassinated in Spain. 219 Antiochus overruns Palestine. Siege of Saguntum by Hannibal. Second Illyrian war. 118 Second Punic War begins. Hannibal marches from Spain across the Pyrenees and the Alps into Italy. Battles of the Ticinius and the Trebia, and defeat of Scipio..Il -Iannibal passes the Apennines. PBattle of Lake Trasimene. Flaminius Sdefeated. B. C. 217 The two Scipios sent to Spain. 216 Battle of Canne. Romans defeated with immense loss. Revolt of Capua. Alliance of Hannibal with Philip V. of Macedon. 214--212 Siege and capture of Syracuse by Marcellus& 214 First Commercial War. Byzantium and Rhodes. 212 Battle of Anitorgis. Greek works of art brought to Rome. 211 Greece concludes treaty with the Romans against Philip V. of Macedon. Defeat and death of the two Scipios in Spain by Hasdrubal. Capua recovered by Rome. Conquest of Judea by Antiochus. Hannibal before Rome. 108 Battle of Metaurus. Battle of Elinga. 207 Battle of the Metaurus; Hasdruba- defeated and slain by the Romans. Gold money first coined in Rome. 205 Ptolemy V. The decline of Egypt. 204 P. Cornelius Scipio conducts the war in Africa. Siege of Utica. 203 Hannibal leaves Italy. Attalus and Rhodians war with Philip. 202 Defeat of Hannibal at Zama, in Africa, by Scipio Africanus. 201 Treaty of peace between Rome and Carthage; end of the Second Punic War. 200-197 First Macedonian War. Allies attack Macedon and defeat Philip. 198 T. Quintus Flaminius proclaims liberty to the Greeks. Syria becomes independent of Egypt., -, 197 Battle of Cynocephale. Philip defeated by Flaminius. Palestine and Cele-Syria conquered by Antiochus the Great, and confirmed to him by the peace with Rome. The Rosetta Stone written. 196 Dynasty of Han, China, founded. Hannibal joins Antiochus. 195 B~irth of Hipparchus, first systematic astronomer. 192-188 War between the Romans and Antioo chus the Great. Philopemen pretor of the Achean League. SGreece declared free from Macedon by Flaminius. Philopemen defeats Nabis, of Sparta. Sparta joins the Achean League. 193 Battle of Magnesia. 189 The laws and discipline of Lycurgus abregated by Philopemen. 184 Death of Plautus. 183 Death of Hannibal and Scipio. Lycortas, general of the Achean League. 182-174 Encroachments of Massinissa. 181 Ptolemy VI. reigns in Egypt. The Villian Law, Rome. 179 Perseus King of Macedonia. Embassy of Callicrates to Greece. Pharnaces, of Pontus, cedes Paphlagonia to Rome. 17( Antiochus makes war on Egypt. 171-168 Second Macedonian War. 17@ Antiochus takes Jerusalem. 40,000 Jews slain and Temple pillaged. Birth of Attius, Roman dramatist (died 76). 168 Battle of Pydna; victory of Emilius Paulus over Perseus; Macedonia made a Roman province. Eumenes II. visits Rome. " e^ Antiochus Epiphanes takes Jerusalem,, Beginning of the Maccabean war of independence. Athenians attack Oropus. 167 Judas Maccabeus defeats the Syrians and occupies Jerusalem, except the Citadel. Romans ravage Epirus and Aches. 166 Rededication of the Temple. One thousand Acheans imprisoned at Rome,, First comedy of Terence performed at Rome. - 166-145 Hipparchus flourishes. 165 Rise of the-Pharisees and Sadducees. 164 Death of Antiochus. He is succeeded by Antiochus V. Eupator, i Who takes Bethoura, and besieges Jerusalem, but makes peace with the Jews. Cyrene and Libya separate from Egypt. 163 Birth of M. Emilius Scaurus, Roman orator (died 90). 161 Victory of Judas Maccabeus at Adosa. Embassy of Cameades, Diogenes and Critolans to Rome. -fDeath of Judas, Alliance between Rome and Judea, Jonathan Maccabeus succeeds Judas, 160 Bactrians in India. 159 Death of Terence. 155 Athenians fined by Rome. 153 War in Spain. 150-138 Lusitanian War. Viriathus commands the Lusitanians, 149 Third Punic War begins. Scipio invades Africa. Andriscus in Macedonia. 148 Birth of Lucilius-died 103. 147 The Achean war with Rome begins.:146 Ptolemy VI. killed in battle. Carthage taken by Scipio and destroyed. "-.a ef UthQ Roman Senate. Corinth taken and aestroyed by Mummius. Province of Africa constituted. Greece becomes a Roman Province. 245 Ptolmiiy.V7. r igns, marries Cleopatra, widow of Ptolemy VI. Polybius legislates for the Achean cities. Demetrius Nicator in Syria. 144 The Tower of Zion taken by the Jews. Judea becomes independent. Rise of the Asmonean dynasty. 143 Birth of Antonius, Roman orator (died 70). 142 Scipio Africanus (Minor) Roman Censor. 140 Birth of Crassus, Roman orator (died 91). Simon made hereditary prince of Ihe Jews. Death of Viriathus-Rome. Macedon formally absorbed by Rome. 13 Birth of L. Cornelius Sulla (died 78). 136 Hycanus Governor of Judea. 134-132 Servile War in Sicily. Sicilian slaves rebel, are conquered and slain. 133 Laws of Tiberias Gracchus passed at Rome., Gracchus murdered. Kingdom of Pergamus bequeathed to Rome. 130 Demetrius Nicator, Syria, restored. 129 Hycranus subdues Idumea and Samaria and destroys Temple at Gerizim. 125 Rise of the Essenes. Fluvius Flaccus and L. Drusus popular Roman leaders.. L. Caelius Antipater, Roman jurist, flourished. 32 Scipio takes and destroys Numantia. Roman Colony sent to Carthage. VA Civil war in Rome arising from Agrarits troubles-Caius Gracchus is murdered. netullius leader of Roman Senate. IM Parthians subdue Bactria. U? Ptolemy VIII. reigns jointly with hi mother, Cleopatra. 116 Birth of Varro (died 28). 11U The Teutones and Cimbra invade Gaul..U-106 The Jugurthine War-peace concluded. War renewed two years later. Metellus and Marius defeat Jugurtha and subjects Numifia,. 109-101 War of Rome with the Cimbri ano Teutones. Wffi- Hyrcanus destroys the Samaritan teDiole Son M ount G erizim.... Atricus born (die6 B. o0, 3S2) 106 Birth of Pompey and of Cicerc~ D. C. 102 Victory of Marius over the Teutones at Aque Sexte (Aix). Second Servile war breaks out in Sicily. 101 Victory of Marius over the Cimbri at Vercelle and end of the war. Battle of Campus Raudius. WO Birth of Julius Cesar. C. Marius born 157 (died 86). Sixth RW man Consul. L. App. Saturninus Tribune (Rome), 96 Ptolemy Apion leaves Cyreneo 95 Birth of Lucretius (died 55). 92 Sulla on the Euphrates. 90-88 The Social or Marsic War in Italy. The Marsians, at first successful, are finally defeated. S88-84 First Mithridatic War. Mithridates seizes Athens. Civil War of Marius and Sulla and expulsion of Marius. Sulla occupies Rome. 87 Marius retakes Rome. Proscription. 86 Revolt and Siege of Egyptian Thebas. Death of Marius and return of Sulla. Athens stormed by Sulla. Birth of Sallust (died 34). 85 Tigranes at war with Rome. 84 Sulla makes peace with Pontus, king of the Mithridates. 83 War with Marian party in Italy. Tigranes I. of Armenia annexes Phrygia. 83 Birth of Marcus Antonius (died 30). 82 Thebes destroyed. Second Civil War. Victory at the Colline gate. Occupation of Rome. Sulla becomes Dictator. "^ 79 Abdication of Sulla. Dies in 78. The Cornelian Laws of Rome. 79-72 Civil war of Sertorius in Spain; and of Lepidus and Catulus in Italy. 78 Alexandra Queen of Judea. 75 Nicomedes III. leaves Bithnia to Rome. 74-65 Third Mithridatic War. 74-66 Victories of Lucullus in Asia. 73-71 Servile war in Italy, led by Spartacus, who is defeated and slain by Crassus. 70 Consulship of Pompey and Crassus. Birth of Virgil (died 19). Scythians expelled from India. 69 Victory of Lucullus over Tigranes. 67 Cesar begins to take part in public affairs. Pompey subdues the pirates. 66 Lucullus recalled. Pompey sent into Asia and war ended. Birth of Strabo, geographer (died A. D. 22). 65 Birth of Horace (died B. 0. 8). Antiochus Asiaticus dethroned by Pompeyo 64 Birth of Messalla (died 4). Pompey reduces Syria to a Roman province. 63 Jerusalem taken by the Romans under Pompey. Birth of Augustus. Second conspiracy of Cataline suppressed by Cicero. ivOrationm of Cicero. 0 Lucullus founds Library at Rome. Phenicia absorbed -Tn the province of Syria. 60 Pompey, Cesar and Crassus form the first Roman Triumvirate. Birth of Seneca (died 30). 59 Birth of Livy (died A. D. 17), 58 The Gallic War begins. Cicero banished. Cesar invades Gaul. Helvetii and Ariovistus defeated. 57 Cyprus becomes a Roman province. End of the Seleucide. Cesar defeats the Beige and Nervii. 55-54 Cesar invades Britain. Crassus plunders the Temple at Jerusalem; is defeated and killed by the Parthians at Carrhe, 53. 54 Cesar defeats Treyir; and crosses the SRhine. Birth of Tibullus (died 18). 52-53. Cesar conquers Vercingetorix and| SAlesia. Murder of Claudius by Milo. 51. Subjugation of Gaul completed, and becomes a Roman province. 50 Quintus Sextius (Stoic) flourished. 49 Civil war between Cesar and Pompey. Pompey driven from Italy. The Pompeians defeated in Spain. Cesar dictator. 48 Battle of Pharsalia. Cesar defeats Pompey. Murder of Pompey in Egypt. Ptolemy Dionysus and Cleopatra inherit Egyptian throne, 47 Cesar again dictator. War in Egypt. Partial destruction of the library of Alexandria during the siege of Alexandria. Cesar defeats Pharnaces at Zelao 46 The African..War. Battle of Thapsus. Suicide of Cato. Reformation of the calendar by Cesard \, His triumphs. -, 45 War in Spain. Battle of Munda; defeat of the Pompeians. Cesar Pater Patrie Imperator, for life, Dictator. First year of Julian calendar. 44 Assassination of Cesar by Brutus, Cassius and others. Flight of the assassins. Antony becomes master of Rome. Corinth and Carthage rebuilt. 43 Cleopatra poisons her brother Ptolemy and reigns alone. Battle of Mutina. Second Triumvirate-C. Octavius, M. An-. tony, M. Lepidus. Cicero put to death. Birth of Ovid (died A. D. 18). End of the Ragida. 42 Battle of Philippi. 42 Defeat and death of Brutus and Cassius, The Triumviri masters of the Roman world. 41 Meeting of Antony and Cleopatra at Tarsus. 40 Herod the Great made king of the Jews. Library of Pergamus to Alexandria. 37 Jerusalem taken by Herod and the Romans. AgriDpa crosses the Rhine. 36 Sextus Fompeius driven from Sicily (put "to death 35). Lepidus deprived of power. - Defeat of Antony in Parthia. 24 Antony invades Armenia. 32 War between Octavius and Antony. 31 Battle of Actium. Establishment of the Roman Empire. 30 Battle of Actium. Octavius successful. Suicide of Antony and Cleopatra. Criticism of the best Attic Literature at Rome. 29 The Gates of Janus Shut. 27 Cesar Octavius is made Emperor under the title of Augustus Cesar. Pantheon dedicated by Agrippa. 25 Tiridates seeks Roman court. 24 Defeat of Romans in Arabia. 23 Death of Marcellus. 21 Augustus Cesar founds Confederacy of Raconian cities. 20 Roman standards restored by Parthia& India embassy to Rome. 18 Death of Dionysius of Halicarnassus. 17-7 Temple at Jerusalem rebuilt by Herod.. Agrippa invades Asia. | Cappadocia created a province of Rome. 1L4 German war; Roman defeat under L;4t"Ilius. ] I& Victories of Drusus over the Rheti. 3 12 Invasion of Germany i)y Drusus. ].-1-9 Campaigns 02 Tioe.:ias?,ar-ada j an n Dalmati:v, ] SDeath of j^"usus. B. C. 8 Tiberius defeats the Germans. Diodorus Siculus, historian, flourished. 4 Birth of Jesus Christ, according to Usher's system. Death of Herod, king of Judea. A. D. 1 Tiberius commands on the Rhine. 3 Birth of Seneca (died A. D. 65). 6 Judea a Roman province under Syria. 9 Destruction of the Romans under Varus and three legions by the Germans under Hermann. Romans defeated by Charusci under Arminius. Banishment of Ovid. 14 Death of Augustus Cesar. Accession of Tiberius Cesar. Accession of Artatanus in Parthia. 14-16 Campaigns of Germanicus in Germany. 17 Germanicus in Parthia and the East. 19 Death of Germanicus. War between Artabarus and Marbad. 20 Valerius Maximus. M. Elino Sejanus dominant at Rome. 23 Pretorian camp at Rome. 25 Pontius Pilate Governor of Judea. 26-37 Tiberias retires to Capre. 30 The Crucifixion, according to Eusebius. Lactantius, Augustine, Origen, and other authorities give A. D. 29 as the proper year. Agrippina I. banished. 31 Marco, Perfect of Pretorians, upon fall of Sejanus. 37 Accession of Caligula, Rome. Birth of Josephus (died 97). 40 Philo Senior ambassador to Rome. Birth of Plutarch-died 120. 41 Claudius Emperor of Rome. k. 42 Claudius conquers Mauretania. Birth of Quintilian-died 118. 43 Expedition of Claudius to Britain. Successes of Aulus Plautius. Birth of Martial-died 104. Lycia becomes a Roman province. 44 Judea and Samaria directly Roman. 47 London founded by the Romans.' B2irth of Juvenal-died 130 (?), Thrace directly Roman. The Frisians subdued by Rome. 50 Defeat and capture of Caractacus; taken prisoner to Rome. Claudius marries Agrippiana II., and adopts Nero. 51 South Britain a Roman province. 54 Agrippiana poisons Claudius and Nero becomes emperor. 5 Birth of Tacitus; died 117 (?). 6 Corbulo in Parthia. 69 Britannicus poisoned by Agrippiana. Agrippiana murdered by Nero. Parthia and Armenia at war. 60 St. Paul at Malta. 61 Insurrection of the Britons under Boadicea. Victory of Suetonius Paulinus. Birth of Papinius Statius, poet; died 96. Birth of Pliny the Minor; died 105. 64 Rome on fire six days. Persecution of the Christians. 65 Deaths of St. Peter and St. Paul (?). Deaths of Seneca and Luscan. Conspiracy of Piso. Revolt of the Jews. 66 Josephus governor of Gallilee. 67 Nero at the Olympic games. 68 Death of Nero. Galba becomes emperor., 69 Civil war at Rome. Otho kills himself. Vitellius killed.. 70 Jerusalem taken and destroyed by TitUS. Civilis leads a Batavian revolt. Vespasian emperor at Rome. 70-80 Colosseum at Rome built. ' 71 The gates of Janus closed. Triumph of Vespasian and Titus. Philosophers expelled from Rome. Reform of Treasury, Rome. 71-75 The Stoic philosophers expelled from Rome by Vespasian. 78 Agricola commands in Britain. Titus becomes Roman emperor. 79 Herculaneum and Pompeii destroyed by an eruption of Vesuvius. 79 Death of Pliny the Elder. The Laocoon group sculptured. 80 Advance of Agricola to the Tay. * Amphitheatre of Verona built. 81. Domitian emperor of Rome.I 83 Rome wars with Chat;i. 83 Paris (Pantomime) killed. 84 Agricola defeats the Caledonians, and sails around and subdues Britain. 85 Agricola recalled to Rome. 86 Rome wages an unsuccessful war against Gate or Dalia. Quadi and Marcomanni. 91 Insurrection of Antonius suppressed. 95 Rome persecutes Jews and Christians. St. John banished to Patmos. 96 Domitian killed. Nerva becomes emperor. Polycarp, Bishop of Smyrna, born (died 166). 96-98 Relief of taxes and distribution of lands. 98 Trajan emperor of Rome. Plutarch flourishes. 103 Birth of Justin Martyr (died 166). 103-107 Subjugation of Dacia. 104 Birth of Herodes Atticus, antiquarian (died 180). 114-117 Trajan's expedition to the East. 117 Hadrian emperor. He abandons the conquests of Trajan. The Euphrates made the eastern boundary of the empire. 120 Hadrian visits Gaul and Britain. Statues of Antonous (Hadrian's page). Birth of Ireneus Bishop of Lyons, died 200. Birth of Lucian, died 200. 121 Hadrian's walls built-Newcastle to Carlisle-Rhine to the Danube. Birth of Marcus Aurelius, died 180. 125 First apology for the Christians presented at Athens by Quadratus and Aristides. 130 Birth of Appuleius. Birth of Galen, died 200. Hadrian rebuilds Jerusalem. 132 Second Jewish War. Barchochebas, leader of the Jews, Edictum perpetuum of Hadrian. 135 Dispersion of the Jews, 138 Antonius Pius, emperor. The empire at peace. Faustina I. flourishes. Wall of Antoninus (Graham's Dyke) built. 139 Conquests of Lollius Urbicus in Britain. 140 Vallum Antonio in Britain. 145-175 Fustiana II. flourishes. 147 Development of Roman civil laws. 150 Establishment of schools in Roman provinces. 161 Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus joint emperors. 161-166 Pestilence and famine at Rome. 162 Rome wars with Parthia. 163 Persecution of Christians. 166 Polycarp suffers martyrdom. 167-180 War with the Marcomanni, QuaM. etc. Greek philosophers patronized by R IM 169 Death of L. Verus. Marcus Aurelius sole emperor. 175 Rome quells rebellion in Syria 177 Christians in Gaul persecuted. Advance of the Goths. 178 Goths attack Dacia. 8 I0 Commodus emperor of Rome, 8 Statue of Aurelius erected. Perennis prefect of Pretorians. 183 Success-.s of Ulpiu V Marcellus in BritaWn. 3 184 Commodus takes the name of Brita~nmis. 185 Birth of Origen (died 253). 186 Cleander perfect of Preto-rans. I 190 Birtn of Tertuflian (died 240)192 Britanicas as gladiator, killeao m A. D. 193 Pertinax, emperor of Rome, is murdered. Didius Julianus buys the empire. is opposed by Pescennius Niger and Septimius Severus and killed. 194 Septimius Severus sole emperor. Defeat and death of Niger. 196 Severus captures Byzantium after a siege of three years. 197 Temple of the Sun at Baalbec. Battle of Lyons. Death of Albinus. 198 Caracalla named Augustus. Defeat of Parthians by Romans. 202 Persecution of the Christians. 204 Birth of Plotinus, philosopher (died 274). 209 Invasion of Britain by Severus. His wall completed, 220. 211 Death of Severus at York. Caracalla and Geta emperors. Roman citizenship extended to the whole empire. 212 Geta murdered. Caracalla, sole emperor. 213 Death of Clement of Alexandria. 214 First contact of the Romans with the Alamanni German tribes on the tiper Rhine. 217 Macrinus emperor. 218 Heliogabalus emperor. 222 Alexander Severus emperor, 225 Sextus Empiricus, philosopher, flourishes. 226 Dissolution of the Parthian Empire and end of Arecide. Foundation of the new Persian Kingdom of the Sassanide by Ardshir (Arta?xer xes). 228 Ulpian (lawyer) died. 231 Persian War begins. 233 Triumph of Severus. 235 Maximin murders Severus and succeeds to thE throne. 236 Persecution of the Christians. 238 The Gordiani, Pupienus and Balbinu. (jointly) and Gordianus III, emperors. 242 Gordianus defeats Sapor, King of Persia. 244 Gordianus murdered and succeeded by Philip the Arabian. 249 Decius emperor of Rome. 250 Decius orders a persecution of the Christians. First invasion of the empire by the Goths. 251 Death of Decius and his son. Gallus emperor. 252 A pestilence breaks out in the empire and lasts fifteen years. 253 Irruption of the Goths and Burgundians into Mesia and Pannonia. First appearance of the Franks in Gaul about this time. 254 Valerian emperor. His son Gallienu associated with him. Persecution of the Christians. 258 Trapezus taken by the Goths. 259 Sapor ravages Syria. Valerian taken prisoner. 260 Gallienus sole emperor. The Thirty Tyrants between 260 and 2M 262 The Goths in Macedonia and Asia Minor. They destroy the Temple of Ephesus.,-,Antioch taken by Sapor. 263 The Franks invade Gaul. 267 The Heruli invade Greece, and are tspulsed by Dexippus. 268 Claudius emperor. 269 Claudius defeats the Goths in Mesia.( 270 Aurelian emperor of Rome. Victories over the Goths and the Alamanni. Zenobia queen of Palmyra. 272 Expedition of Aurelian to Palmyra. 273 Capture of Palmyra and of Queen Zenobia. 274 Birth of Constantine (died 337). 275 Tacitus emperor. 276 Probus emperor. 277 Probus drives the Alamanni from Gaui. 282 Carus emperor.,Expedition to the East. 284 Diocletian emperor of Rome. 286 Maximian joint emperor with Diocletian. Revolt of Carausius in Britain. 289 Victory of Carausius over Maximian. 292 Constantius and Galerius named Cesars. Division of the empire. 296 Britain recovered by Constantius. 297 Siege of Alexandria by Diocletian. Persian War. 298 Constantius defeats the Alamanni near Langres. Defeat of Narses. 303 Persecution of the Christians by Diocletian. 305 Abdication of Diocletian and Maximian. Constantius and Galerius emperors. Beginning of monasticism in Egypt under St.*Anthony. 306 Death cf Constantius at York. Constantine (the Great) proclaimed emperor by the troops. 307 Revolt of Maxentius. Six emperors. Elevation of Licinius. 311 Rome proclaims Christianity. Edict of Nicomedia to stop the persecution of the Christians. 312 Defeat and death of Maxentius. 313 Defeat and death of Maximian. Edict of Milan, by Constantine and Licinius, for general religious toleration. Britain subdued. 314 War between the two emperors. 316 Birth of St. Martin, Bishop of Tours. 323 Constantine sole emperor. 324 Constantinople founded; dedicated as the capital of the empire, 330 (or 334). 325 First General Council of the Church meets at Nicea. 326 Athanasius Patriarch of Alekandria. Controversy with Arius. 336 Death of Arius. 337 Constantine II., Constans and Constantius II. joint emperors. Nephilas Meso-Gothic gospels. 838 Death of Eusebius. 340 Birth of St. Jerome-died 420. 347 Synod of Sardica. 348 Ulfilas Bishop of the Goths (died 388)o 350-'52 Revolt of Magentius. Defeated by Constantius. 354 Birth of St. Augustine (died 430). 357 Victory of Julian over the Alamanni at Argentoratum (Strasburg). 361 Julian emperor. 362 Julian recalls the banished bishops, and proclaims general religious toleration. 363 Persian War. Julian killed. Jovian emperor. 364 Valentinian and Valens joint emperors. Final division of the empire. 367-'69 Theodosius in Britain; aids Briton; against Picts and Scots. 370 The Saxons land on the coasts of Gaul. 373 Death of Athanasius. 375 War with the Quadi. Gratian emperor of the West with Valentinian II. Invasion of the Huns. 276 Valens allows the Huns to settle it Thrace. 377 Birth of St. Patrick (died 493?). 378 Constantinople threatened by the Goths. 879 Theodosius the Great, Emperor of the East. M. Second General Council held at Constantinople. Pagan rites prohibited. B82 Alaric King of the Goths. 383 Revolt of Maximus in Britain. 990 Final suppression of Paganism. Massacre at Thessalonica. Death of Gregory at Nazianzus. I93 Honorius Emperor of the West. 394 Theodosius master of the whole Roma-0 world. i95 Death of Theodosius. Arcadius Emperor of the East.* The Huns invade the eastern provinces. i i *^.^.^ia.tj^sigffljg^^j wd,--" '~waaiuu^issuiwwm^'^uastarss^^.ssr

Page  125 SUPPLEMENT X__. ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY,. I A D. 895 Aurustine made Bishop of Hippo (died 4809.. " Alaric in Greece. Stilicho attains chief power under Honorius. 896 The Britons ask aid of Honorius against the Picts and Scots. 897 Deaths of Martin of Tours and Ambrose of Milan. 398 Chrysostom Bishop of Constantinople (died. 407). 400 Alaric ravages Italy. '403 Battle of Pollentia. Defeat of Alaric by Stilicho. 406 The Vandals, Alani and Suevi invade Spain. 409 The Roman legions recalled from Britain; final withdrawal about 418. 410 Sack of Rome by Alaric. Death of Alaric. Pelagius begins to preach about this time. 412 Proclus the philosopher born (died 485). 44 Marriage of Ataulphus, King of the Goths, to Placida, daughter of Theodosius the Great. Persecution of the Christians in Persia begins; lasts thirty years. 4W,) Death of St. Jerome. Orosius, the Spanish presbyter and historian, flourished. 42 Death of Honorius at Ravenna. 425 Administration of Etius begins, lasting about thirty years. The Traveler's Song published. 428 Nestorius, Patriarch of Constantinop.e, banished (435). 429 The Vandals under Genseric invade Africa. Death of Theodore, Bishop of Mopsuestia. 431 Third General Council held at Ephesus. 432 St. Patrick arrives in Ireland. 433 Attila King of the Huns. 438 Theodosian code published. 439 The Vandals surprise Carthage. 440 Leo I. (the Great) Bishop of Rome. 442 Treaty of peace between Valentinian and Genseric. Attila in Thrace and Macedonia. 446 Messages of the Britons to Etius for aid against the Saxons. 447? Attila ravages the Eastern Empire. Theodosius concludes a treaty with Attila. 449 The Robber-Council of Ephesus. Landing of the English in Britain. Hengist and Horsa in Kent. 460 Death of Theodosius II. 461 Invasion of Gaul by Attila. Victory of Etius at Chalons. Fourth General Council held at Chalcedon. Monophysite controversy begins, 452 Invasion of Italy by Attila. Venice founded. 453 Death of Attila. Dissolution of his empire. 454 St. Patrick fixes his see at Armagh. 455 Sack of Rome by Genseric. Intercession of Leo. 457 Hengist founds the Kingdim of Kent. 460 The epic poem of Beowulf (?). 461-'67 Rule of Ricimer. Severus nominal Emperor. 462-'72 Conquests of the Visigoths in Spain and Gaul. 465 Great fire at Constantinople. 470 Birth of Boethius (died 526). 475 Romulus Augustulus Emperor of the West (banished 476). 476 Odoacer captures and sacks Rome and becomes King of Italy. Succession of Western Emperors ends. Close of the period of Ancient History. 476 Establishment of the Kingdom of the Franks. 477 Second Saxon invasion of Britain, 480 Birth of St. Benedict (died 543). 481 Clovis I. (Merovingian) reigns in Belgic Gaul. 485 Proclus, philosopher, died. 486 Battle of Soissons. Clovius I. defeats the Gauls. 489 Ostrogoths invade Italy. 491 Ella founds the Kingdom of Sussex. 493 Theodoric establishes the Ostrogothic Kingdom of Italy, South Germany and Hungary, capital at Ravenna. 495 Third Saxon invasion of Britain, Cerdic founds the Kingdom of Wessex, 496 Clovis of France embraces Christianityo 501 Laws of Burgundy published. 502 Charbades, the Persian, ravages the Greek Empire. 503 Fergus lands in Scotland from Ireland. 506-'42 The famous King Arthur said to reign in England. 507 Clovis, having conquered the country from the Pyrenees to the Loire, founds the Kingdom of all Franks. 510 Clovis makes Paris the capital of the.Franks. i11 Salic Law established by Clovis in France. Division of the monarchy between Clovis' four sons. 5146U Vitalianus, the Goth, besieges Constantinople. 519 Cerdic founds the Kingdom of Wessex in Britain. 527 Justinian I. becomes Emperor of Rome. Fourth Saxon invasion of Britain. Essex founded. 529 Justinian Code published. 534 Belisarius conquers Afr-ica., 538 The Franks appear in Italy. 539 Italy made subject to Belisarius. Goths ravage Milan. 644 Birth of Gregory of Tours (died 590). 545 The Turks enter Asia. 547 Northumbria founded in Britain. 550 The Angles form the Heptarchy Anglia, Deira Mercia, etc. 552 Totila, the Ostrogoth, defeated in Italy by the imperial generals Narses and Belisarius. 554 Narses overthrows Gothic power in Italyo 558 Clotaire sole ruler in France. 560 Fergus Moor II. of Scotland (?). 561 Death of Clotaire. His four sons divide the kingdom between them. 562 St. Colomba lands in Scotland. 563 Constantinople destroyed by fire. 564 History of Gildas (?). 565 Death of Justinian I. Ethelbert becomes King of Kent. 568 Italy invaded by the Longobardi from Germany, who found the Kingdom of Lombardy. Narses governor of Italy. 570 Birth of Mohammed (died 632). 577 Battle of Durham; West-Saxons defeat the Britons. 581 Paris mostly destroyed by fire. Sclavonians ravage Thrace. 584 Franks invade Italy and are repelled. The Mayors of the palace the real rulers in France. 586 Kingdom of Mercia founded in Britain. 587 Franks expelled from Spain by Recared I. 590 Gregory I., the Great, becomes Pope. 595 The Lombards besiege Rome and overrun Italy. 597 St. Augustine arrives in England. 598 Ethelbert, King of Kent, embraces Christianity. 606 Italy ravaged by Sclavonlans. 603 Scots invade Bernicia; are driven back. 611 The Persians make conquests in Syria, Egypt, and Asia Minor, and besiege Rome. A L D. i - 612 Jews persecuted in Spain. 613 Clotaire II. King of France. 614 Jerusalem captured by Persians. 622 Mohammed secretly leaves Mecca and enters Medina. The Hegira or Arab emigration-not flight as commonly translated, 628 Dagobert, the "Solomon of the Franks," becomes King. Revises and publishes the Salic and Riparian Laws. 630 Mohammed re-enters Mecca; installed as prince and prophet. 632 Death of Mohammed. His religion spreads through Persia. 634 The Koran published. 638 Syria occupied by Saracens. Clovis iH., son of Dagobert, King of France. 639 Omar institutes the new Moslem Calendar. 640 Alexandrian Library burnt. 642 In Britain the Mercians defeat the Berniclans. 653 Rhodes taken by the Saracens. 656 Clotaiye III. becomes King of France. 662 In Italy, Constans II., Emperor of the East, is defeated by the Lombards. 668 Constantinople besieged by Saracens. 672 Saracens driven from Spain. 672-'77 Wamba's "good reign" in Spain. 678 Cadwallader, the last king of the Britons, reigns. Bulgarians occupy Bulgaria, in Northern Greece. 681 Mebrouin, last of the Merovingians, assassinated. 685 Saxons drive Britons into Wales and Cornwall. 687 Sussex united to Wessex. In France, Pepin defeats Thierry. 694 Kent devastated by West Saxons. 697 Anafesto becomes the first Doge of Venice. 709 The Saracens invited into Spain to overthrow King Roderick. 711 The Saracens cross from Africa to Spain. The Bulgarians ravage the Eastern Empire. 712 The Gothic Kingdom of Spain overthrown by the Arabs. Establishment of the Saracen kingdom of Cordova. 714 Charles Martel, mayor of the palace and real ruler of France. 716 Independent Gothic Monarchy founded in the Asturias. 718 Leon and Asturias formed into a Kingdom by Pelays, who checks the conquests of the Saracens in Spain. 720 The Saracens are defeated at Constantinople. Charles Martel created Duke of France. The Saracens invade France. 730 Pope Gregory excommunicates the Emperor Leo. 732 Battle of Tours, or Poitiers; crushing defeat cf the Saracens by the Franks. 739 Charles Martel conquers Provence. 746 Slavic settlements in Grecian Peloponnesus. 747 Carloman of France abdicates. 752 Pepin, the Short, son of Charles Martel, becomes King of France. 754 Pepin gives Ravenna to the Pope. 755 Insurrection in Mercia, Britain. Abderahman I. becomes King of Cordova. 756 Pepin annexes Ravenna to the See of Rome. 760 Insurrection of Toledo. 768 Death of Pepin, who is succeeded by his two sons, Charlemagne and Carloman, who rule in France and. Germany. 771 Charlemagne rules alone. 772-'85 Charlemagne, after a severe struggle, conquers the Saxons; they embrace Christianity. 774 Charlemagne annexes Italy after conquering the Lombards, 778 Battle of Roncesvalles. Beginning of the age of chivalry. Charlemagne unsuccessfully invades Spain. 785 Saxons, subdued by Charlemagne, become Christians. 787 The Danes land in England. 791-'96 Charlemagne establishes the Margraviate of Austria. Reign of Alfonso, the Chaste, in Spain; independence of Christians established. 799 The Avars subdued by Charlemagne. 800 Charlemagne crowned at Rome; becomes Emperor of the West by Pope Leo III. 802 Ruric, the Norman, establishes the first regular government in Russia at Novgorod, and becomes grand duke. 807 War between Slaves and Polyponnesian Greeks. 814 Louis I., Emperor, dethroned, but r~* stored to his dominions. 817 Louis, the German (France), conquers Austria. 820 Michael II. of the Byzantine Empite founds the Armorian dynasty. 823 In England, Essex (and, two years later, R-ent and Northumbria) are annexed to Wessex. 825 The Servians occupy Dalmatia. 827 The Saxon Heptarchy ends and Egbefts king of Wessex, becomes king of all England. 830 Louis the Debonair imprisoned in France 839-'40 Louis separates Germany froM France. 840 Charles the Bald King of France. 841 German princes assert their Independence. 844 Treaty of Verdun; the sons of Louis divide the empire. Spain ravaged by the Northmen. 846 The Saracens sack Rome. 848 Brittany becomes independent. 850 Russian monarchy established by Ruric. 850(?) Scots and Picts united under Kenneth. 851 Northmen pillage France. 865 Russians attack Constantinople. 867 Bassillian Dynasty founded at Constantinople. 869 Ecumenical Council of Constantinople. (Latin Church.) 871 The Danes defeat Alfred at battle of Merton. 873 Kingdom of Navarre founded by Sancho luigo. 875 Charles, the Bald, becomes Emperor; is poisoned by Zedechias, a Jewish physician. 875-1154 Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 877 Louis II. King of France. 879 Alfred the Great driven from England. 879 Eoumenical Council of Constantinople. (Gc-ek Church.) 881 Danes icvage Scotland. 888 Paris attacked by Northmen. 890 Italy subjected to the Eastern Empire. Alfred of England founds Oxford, and establishes a code of laws; organizes militia and a navy; subdivides the country and causes surveys of the King - dom. 895 Alfred's translations. 896 The Germans, under Arnold, seize Rome. Alfred of England vanquishes the Danes. 901 Death of Alfred the Great. 904 Russia invades Greek Empire under Oleg. 907 The Russians receive tribute from Constantinople. 910 Asser's life of Alfred written. 911 Death of Louis the Child, last of the German Carolingians. U Rollo the Northman becomes Robert Duke of Normandy. 918-'34 Henry I. the Fowler, reigns in Germany; conquers the Huns, Danes, Vandals, and Bohemians. 921 Italy invaded by the Burgundians. 928 Five Emperors rule the Byzantine Empire. 933 Athelstan ravages Scotland. 934 Henry I. of Germany defeats the Danes. A. D. 936 Otho the Great in Germany. 937 Athelstan wins a great victory over the Danes, Scots, etc., and becomes first King of England. 939 Louis IV. of France subdues Hugh Capet, Count of Paris. 944 Malcolm I. in Scotland. 951 Otho invades Italy. 962 Otho the Great becomes Emperor of the West; Italy and Germany united. 978 Otho II. invades France. 979 Assassination of Edward, the Martyr, of England. 982 Battle of Basientello; Otho III. of Germany defeated by Greeks and Saracens. 987 Hugh Capet becomes King of France. 988 Vladimir marries Annie, sister of Basil II. of Russia, and embraces Christianity. 995 Elfric's Homilies, 996 Otho IIi. makes the German Emperor elective. Paris made the Capital of all France. 997 Death of St. Adelbert, who first introduced Christianity into Prussia. 999 Gerbert, Silvester II. Pope. I30 Genoa, Italy, becomes riot and powerful. 1002 Massacre of Danes in England by Ethelred, Reign of Robert II. in Burgundy. 1003 Sweyn, King of Denmark, avenges the massacre. Ethelred flees to Normandy. Malcolm II. King of Scotland. 1013 Sweyn conquers England. 1014 Battle of Zetunium; Basil II. of Constantinople defeats the Bulgarians. 1015 Vladimir I. dies; Russia is divided. 1016 Ethelred dies; Edmund Ironsides and Canute divide England. Italy invaded by Northmen. Expulsion of Saracens. 1017 Canute, the Dane, becomes King of all England. 1019 The Moors enter Spain. 1026 Sancho II. of Navarre founds the Kingdom of Castile. 1035 Arrag)n becomes a Kingdom under Ramirez I. 1037 Union of Leon and Austria with Castile. 1039 Duncan I. of Scotland murdered by Macbeth. 1040 Sicily restored and Servia lost to the Eastern Empire. The Cid (Ruy Diaz) in Spain. 1041 Danes driven from Scotland. 1042 The Saxony Dynasty restored. Edward, the Confessor, King of England. Conquest of Bohemia by Henry IIIo 1043 Russians defeated before Constantinople. 1051 Rebellion of Godfrey in Kent. 1052 War of Roderigo, the Cid, with the Moors. 1058 Moors expelled from Italy. Macbeth defeated and slain. Malcolm III. of Scotland. 1060 Philip I., the Fair, King of France. Lambert of Herzfeld. 1065 Jerusalem captured by the Turks. 1066 William of Normandy invades England, and wins the battle of Hastings. Harold defeats the Norwegians, and is crowned King of England, January 6. Death of Harold. William I., the Norman, crowned King, December 25. 1070 The feudal system introduced in England. 1071 Norman Kingdom of the two Sicilies. Hereward in the Isle of Ely. 1073 Hildebrand made Pope Gregory VII. Gregory VII. establishes universal sovereignty of the papacy, and reforms abuses in the Church. Henry VI. of Germany disputes his title. 1075 Odericus Vitalis. 1076 Justice of the Peace appiinted. 1077 Henry IV. submitL and does penance, 1081 Italy invaded by the Germans. 1084 Henry IV. takes Rome. The Pope flies to Salerno and dies there, in 1085. Clement III. made Pope by Henry IV. 1086 Domesday Book completed in Englaadu commenced in 1077. Burno founds Carthusians. 1087 William II. crowned King of Englalnd 1088 Urban II. Pope. 1090 Mantua taken by Henry IV. 1091 The Saracens of Spain invite the - is Moors to their aid in driving t s Christians. The Moors defeat the Christa end the Saracen possessions. 1095 Portugal becomes a separate p under Henry of Besancoll 'William of Malmesbury. 1096 First Crusade begun. Verse Edda compiled (M).3 1098 War between France and 1099 Death of the Cid. Jerusalem captured by O W (I Ion. 110 Henry 1. crowned King of Grants a charter isstorelii the laws. 1104 Crusaders capture Acre. SMilan becomes a free repUb. Henry I. defeats his brother *= gains Normandy. 2107 Alexander 1. Scotland., 0 Louis VL le gros (the mttV) of France. I10 Henry V. of Germany invades ltaly U114 Henry V. marries Matilda of Eng J16 University of Bologna founded. Euclid translated into English. 119 Play of St. Catherine at Dunstabl. 118 Rise of the Lombard (Italy) cities, Shipwreck of Prince William. 122 Treaty of Worms, between the Empr and Pope. 1124 David I. King of Scotland. 15Era of the glory of Venice. Victories over the Eastern Empire. 1132 Arnold of Brescia. 1135 Stephen becomes King of England. Henry's daughter, Maud, disputes the croewn; -ivil war ensues. Lou- VI. grants letters of franchise to citie& ant towns., Empress Maud's partisans defeated at "the battle of the Standard, Aug. 22. 11h Portugal becomes a kingdom. Maud lands in England, and defeats Stephen; is crowned at Winchester, March 3, 1141. 1143 Moors rebel in Spain. 1144 Alphonso of Leon defeats the Moors. Wars of the Lombard cities. 1146 Second Crusade: Louis VII. of France and Conrad IIl. of Germany are defeated by Greek treachery, A. D. 1148. Greece plundered by Roger of Sicily. 1147 Maud is defeated by Stephen, and retires to France. 1150 Arthurian Legends published. 1152 Frederic Barbarossa made Emperor oe Germany. 1158 Maud concludes a peace with Stephen. Malcolm IV. King of Scotland.. Frederic Barbarossa invades ItalYo Henry II., King of England, the arst Plantagenet, crowned December 19. Adrian IV. Pope. Constitutions of Clarendonl enacted. England. 6UB Margraviate, Austria, made a - et-. duchy by Frederic L. 2161 War of Guelphs and GhiballtieSo S1162 Barbarossa destroys Milan. 1163 Berlin founded by a colony from the Netherlands. 1165 William the Lion, King of Scotland. 1166 Assizes of Clarendon and Northampton. 1167 Frederic Barbarossa takes Rome. The Lombard League formed against the Emperor. 1169 University of Paris founded. U70 Thomas A. Becket murdered in England December 29. L. D. 1173 The Sultan Saladin makes great conquests in Asia. Ireland conquered by the English. 176 Battle of Legnano. Barbarossa defeated by the Lombard League. Six circuits for the administration of justice established in England. 1180 Glanvil Chief Justice of England. Philip II. (Augustu!) K n efl_' " 181 Glanvil makes a digest of English laWa i.183 Peace of Constance establishes the free cities of Italy. 185 Provinces of Amiens and Valois annexed to France. 1187 Saladin seizes Jerusalem. 1189 Third Crusade by England, France and Germany. uioge of Acre begun. Richard I. crowned in England, Sept. 3. Terrible massacre of Jews in London. 1190 Frederic I. (Barbarossa), drowned. Order of Teutonic Knights established. Henry V. invades Italy. University of Oxford founded. 1191 Richard I. joins the Crusades. Acre captured. Jerusalem opened to pilgrim. Kingdom of Cyprus founded. Artois annexed to France. 1192 Richard I., Coeur de Lion, made prisoner in Germany by Henry IV.; ransomed (1194) for ~400,000. Richard defeats Saladin. 1198 Innocent III. Pope. 1199 John becomes King of England, May 27. 1200 University of Salamanca founded. 1202 Fourth Crusade; capture of Zora. 1203 Constantinople besieged and captured by the Crusaders. 1204 Normandy lost to England. Latins possess and divide Greece. 1207 Albigensian Crusade. 1208 Otho crowned Emperor of Germany at Rome. England interdicted by the Pope. 1209 French Crusade against the Albegeoise. Inquisition established. 1210 War between Venice and Genoa. 1213 Battle of Muret; defeat of Albigenses. Interdict of England removed. 1214 Alexander II. of Scotland. French defeat Germans at Bouvines. 1215 Magna Charta signed at Runnymede, June 15; confirmed and renewed 30 times. Birth of Roger Bacon (died 1292). 1216 Henry III. becomes King of England, October 28. 1217 Fifth Crusade by Germans and Hungarians. 1220 Frederick II. becomes Emperor of Italy. 1222 Matthew Paris born. The Teutonic Knights undertake the conquest of Poland. 1223 Tartars conquer a large par of Russia. Louis VIII. King of France. 1224 Louis frees his serfs. 1226 St. Louis becomes King Louis IX. of France. 1227 Gregory IX. Pope. 1228 Sixth Crusade; Frederick II. at Acre. 1229 The Inquisition begun. 1229 Ten years' truce with the Sultan. Jerusalem restored to the Christians. ' Frederick crowned King of Jerusalem. Albigenses defeated in France. 1231 University of Cambridge founded. 1232 Fall of Hubert de Burgh. 1233 Wars between Castile and Moors, and capture of Cordova, Seville, Toledo, and other cities by Ferdinand III. 1235 The Mongolians invade Russia. 1236 War between the Emperor and the Lombard League. 1237 The Grand Duke Juric (Russia) slain in battle. 1238 Moorish Kingdom of Grenada founded by Mohammed I. 1239 Seventh Crusade, by Thibaud, Count of Champagne. 1241 Prose Edda. 1242 Tartars establish the empire of Kahn of Kaptschak. 1244 Jerusalem seized by the Carismians. Danes invade Russia, and are defeated by Alexander Newski. 1245 The Hanseatic League formed. 246 Frederick II. of Austria killed in battle with the Hungarians. 120 Louis defeats King Henry of England. Louis captured by the Saraceni; truce for ten years. Mamelukes rule Egypt. 1 Rise of Medica family in Italy. 15 Alexander Newski is made Grand Duke of Russia. and reigns as Alexander I. 1254 Ottocar of Bohemia acquires the Aus trian Provinces. S259 Kubla Kahn builds Pekin. 1260 Ottocar wars with Hungary oyrv: Styria. 262-'68 Barons' War in England 1268 Ottocar inherits Corinthia 1265 The first regular Parliameat of England meets. Birth of Dante; died 1321. 1266 Naples and Sicily conqueied by Charles of Anjou. 18 Ninth Crusade, by Louis IX. and EHdward, Prince of Wales. 120 Louis IX. dies at Carthage. Philip III. (the Hardy) King of France. The English quit Palestine. 18 Reign of Edward I. of England; crowned Nov. 20. Ottocar declines the Imperial Crown of Germany. 2 andolph, Count of Hapsburg, chosen Emperor of Germany; Ottocar refuses to acknowledge him.:74 Navarre passes to the royal family of France. Rudolph makes war upon Ottocar, and gains Austria, Corinthia and Styria. 1275 Wars of Robert Bruce and John Baliol for the crown of Scotland. 1276 House of Hapsburg, of Austria, founded. 1277 Rule of the Visconti, Milan. 1278 Ottocar slain at the battle of Marchfeld. 1282 Sicilian Vespers, massacre of Sicilians by the French. Crusade against Aragon; the French expelled. 1283 Wales subjected to England. 1285 Philip IV. (the Fair) King of France. 1286 Kenigsberg made the capital of Prussia. 1287 Jews banished from England. 1288 Nicholas IV. Pope. 1289 Second Invasion of the Mongols. 1291 Mamelukes take Acre. Christian power in Syria destroyed. 1296 Scotland subdued by England. 1297 Sir William Wallace fights for the independence of Scotland. Revolt of Scotland. 1299 Battle of Falkirk; Bruce and Douglas defeated by Edward I. Osman I. establishes the Turkish Empire. 1800 Moscow becomes the capital of Russia. 1301 Philip IV. quarrels with the Pope. Charles of Valois in Italy. 1302 First convocation of States-General n France. 1303 Edward I. invades Scotland. 1805 William Wallace executed. 1206 Robert Bruce crowned as King of Scotland. VO7 Edward 1. crowned, July 8, King of England. 107-'14 Philip suppresses the Knights Templar, and burns the Grand Master at Paris. Z Pope Clement V. removes to Avignon, in France. Albert I., of Austria, attempts to subdue the Swiss, who have revolted under William Tell. (?) 1309 The Swiss revolt successful. 1310 Henry VII. subdues the Lombards. 1313 Louis V. and Frederic of Austria contend for the German Empire. Birth of Boccaccio; died 1375. A. D. 1314 Battle of Bannockburn; the Scots, under Robert Bruce, defeat the English under Edward. Louis IV. King of Germany. Union of France and Navarre. 1315-'25 Insurrection of English Barons. The Swiss totally defeat the Austrians at Morgarten. 1316 John I., a pcothumoun sen of Louis X., King. dies at the age of four days. Philip II. (the Long) King of France. 1321 Death of Dante. 1322 Battle of Muehldorf; Louis V. defeats Frederick. Charles IV. King of France. 1324 Birth of John Wickliffe; died 1384. 1326 Germany invaded by Turks. 1327 Edward III. crowned, Jan. 25, King of England. Independence of Scotland. 200,000 Moors brought from Africa by the King of Grenada. 1328 Charles the Fair, of France, dies; Philip VI., of the House of Valois, reigns. Ivan I. rules Russia. 1329 David II. King of Scotland. 1333 The Scots defeated by Edward at Halidon Hill. 1337 War between France and Flanders. Birth of Froissart; died 1401. 1339 First Doge of Genoa appointed. 1340 Birth of Gerhard Grooeet; died 1380. Battle of Tarifa in Spain; Moors terribly defeated by Alphonso XI., of Castile. 1346 Battle of Crecy; French, under Philip, routed by the English, under Edward III., and the Black Prince. Battle of Durban, in Scotland. Battle of Neville's Cross. 1347 The English take Calais. Rienzi, last of the Tribunes, establishes a democracy in Rome. 1348 University of Prague founded. 1349 Dauphiny annexed to France. The black death in England. 1350 Order of the Garter instituted by Edward and John II., King of France. 1352 Marine Faliero at Venice. 1353 Turks enter Greece. 1354 Rienzi slain at Rome. 1356 Battle of Poitiers, September 19; 8,(000 English defeat 60,000 French; the Black Prince takes John II. captive to London, where he dies. Charles IV., of Germany, signs the Golden Bull, the basis of the German Constitution until 1806. 1358 Insurrection of the Jacquerie in France. 1360 Peace of Bretigny, between English and French. 1361 Italy overrun by the Free Lances. Turks enter Greece. 1362 The English language ordered to be used in legal proceedings, England. 1363 Austria acquires the Tyrol. 1364 Charles V. (the Wise) King of Frane, Philip, the Bold, Duke of Burgundy. Treaty between Austria and Bohemia. 1366 H. Van Eyck, painter, born. 1367 The Mamelukes conquer Armenia. 1369 Empire of Tamerlane founded. Langland's "Piers Plowman." 1370 Pope Gregory XI. goes to Avignone 1371 Stuart line begins with Robert I. of Scotland. 1374 Death of Petrarch. Rebellion against the Pope. 1375 Death of Boccaccio. 1377 Richard II. King of England, June W. Papacy restored to Rome. 1880 Battle of the Don; Dimitri II., of Russia, defeats the Tartars. Wyckliffe's translation of the Bible published. Thomas A. Kempis born. Russia wars with the Tartars. Charles VI., King of France. 1381 Watt Tyler's insurrection in Londo crushed. Ghiberti, artist, born; died 1455. 1382 "Legend of Good Women," England, 1383 The Tartars burn Moscow. 1385 Death of John Wyckliffe. 1386 John of Ghaunt in Spain. Battle of Lempach; defeat of the Austrians by the Swiss, and death of Duke Leopold. 1387 German Empire divided. Fra Angelico, painter, born; died 1448. 1388 Battle of Chevy Chase, or Otterburne, between Scots and English. 1389 Margaret of Norway. 1390 The Eastern Empire loses power in ASia. Robert III. King of Scotland. The Canterbury Tales published. J. Van Eyck, painter, born. 1392 The Portuguese discover the Cape of Good Hope. 1395 Tamerlane, the Tartar, invades Russia. The Wakefield and Towneley mysteries. 1396 Battle of Nicopolis, the Turks, under Bajazet I., defeat the Hungarian Christians. 1397 Persecution of the Wycklifites or Lollards. Union of Calmar. 1399 Henry IV. crowned King of England, 9 Sept Sth; Order of the Bath founded1400 Birth of Della Robbia, architect and sculptor. -Death of Chaucer and Froissart. 1401 Rebellion in Wales; Glendower tnd the Percies defeated. 1402 Battle of Angora; Timour the Tartar defeats the Turks and captures Bajazet ~ Masaccio, painter, born. 1405 Prince James of Scotland captured. 1406 Albany, regent, in Scotland. 1407 France interdicted by the Pope. 1409 Council of Pisa. Alexander V. made Pope by council of Pisa. 1410 Sigismund of Hungary becomes Empe of Germany. 1411 University of St. Andrews founded. Battle of Harlaw; the Lowland defeat the Highland Scots. 1412 Birth of Fra Filippo Lippi, painter. 1413 Henry V. crowned, March 21, King of England. 1414 Council of Constance; Pope John XXHL deposed. Sigismund, King of Bohemia, Emperor oE Germany. 1415 Battle of Agincourt; 10,000 English, Under Henry V., defeat 50,000 French. John Huss and Jerome of Prague burnaed at the stake, betrayed by Sigismund. 1416 The partisans of Huss take up arms; a severe war ensues. 1417 Cobham burnt. 1419 The Hussites take Prague. 1420 Paris captured by the English; Tr of Troyes; Henry wins the Frene crown; birth of John Wessel. 1422 Henry VI. proclaimed King of France and England. Ottoman Empire reunited by Amurath H. 1423 James I. reigns in Scotland. 1425 War between Milan and Venice. The Paston Letters. 1429 Joan of Arc raises siege of Orleans, defeats the English at Patay, and drives them from all their conquests In France except Calais. Charles VIII. King of France. 1430 Henry VL. crowned at Paris, in Deember. Amurath II. conquers Macedonia. Humphrey Duke of Gloucester. The Medici at Florence. 1431 Joan of Are burned at Rouen. 1433 Lisbon the capital of Portugal. Council of Basle. Birth of Thomas Malory. 1435 Treaty of Arras, between France anl Burgundy. Sicily and Naples united. End of Hussite wars. War of Turks with Venice, 1436 Invention of Printing by Guttenberg, 1314 Battle of Bannockhurn; the Sects, un I [ I! I I.CoDyright, 1905, by Gee. A. Ogle & Co.

Page  126 I. S, _SUPPLEMENT XIII. ~.- _. _ ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY. A.ý1D. 147 James I., of Scotland, murdered. James II. becomes King. Albert V., Duke of Austria, obtains Bohemia and Hungary, and is made Emperor of Germany. 143S University of Florence founded. The Pragmatic Sanction; Albert V., of Austria, becomes Emperor of Germany. 1489 Council of Florence. Title of Emperor limited to the Austrian Hapsburgs. 1442 Battle of Vasag; Turks routed by Hungarians. 1443 Battle of Nissa; Turks again defeated. 1445 Birth of Leonardo da Vinci. The Arabian Nights issued (?)o 1447 Nicholas V. Pope. Duke of Gloucester murdered. 1449 The Cforzas at Milan. Alphonso V. at Aragon. Peacock's "Represser." 1450 Jack Cade's insurrection. Early English ballads. Birth of Dunbar; died 1530. 1451 University of Glasgow founded. 1452 Earl Douglas murdered by James II. The Archduchy of Austria created, with sovereign power, by Frederick III. 1453 Constantinople captured by Mohammed II.; End of the Eastern Empire. End of the French and English wars. The Mazarin Bible issued. 1455-'71 War of the Roses, between Henry VL. and the Duke of York, afterwards Edward IV. Battle of St. Albans. 1456 Battle of Belgrade; Turks repulsed by ~ Hungarians. 1457 Frederick III. divides Austria with his relatives. 1458 Pius II. Pope at Rome. 1460 Birth of Skelton; died 1528. The Turks conquer Greece. 1461 Edward IV. deposes Henry VI. of England. Louis XI. King of France. 1462 Ivan, the Great, of Russia, founds the modern Russian Empire. 1463 Turkish war with Venice. Close of Austria's war with Frederick Ill. 1464 "League of the Public Good," formed by the nobles, against Louis. 1467 Birth of Erasmus; died 1536. 1468 The Coventary mysteries. 1470-'92 Lorenzo de Medici flourished. 1471 League of Italian cities against the Turks. William Caxton establishes first English printing-press. Battle of Tewkesbury. Warwick, king-maker..ýirth of Durer, painter; died 1528. 1473 Birth of Copernicus. Birth of Michael Angelo, architect and sculptor; died 1556. 1474 Birth of Ariosto; died 1533. Ferdinand II., of Aragon, marries Isabella, of Leon and Castile. 1475 Edward IV. invades France. Ivan introduces cannon and firearms into Russia. Birth of Sir John Fortescue.' 1476 Battle of Murten. 1477 Russian war with Tartars. Artois and Burgundy united to France by Maximillian's marriage. Birth of Titian, painter; died 1576. 1478 Duke of Clarence murdered. 1479 Union of Aragon and Castile, under Ferdinand and Isabella. Great invasion of Russia by Tartars. 1480 Mongolian power in Russia destroyed. Mohammed II. takes Otranto. 1481 Frederick IV., of Nurenberg, purchases Brandenburg from Sigismund. 1482 Ivan assumes the title of the Czar of Russia. Birth of Raphael, painter; died 1520. 1483 Birth of Stephen Hawes; died 1512. Edward V. made King of England; April ~8 murdered in the Tower. Richard III. usurps the throne, June 25. Charles VIII. King of France. Birth of Luther; died 1546. 1484 Spain invaded by Turks; first auto da fe at Seville. 1485 Bosworth Field. August 22, death of Richard I. Henry VII. crowned. 1486 Henry marries Elizabeth,. daughter of Edward IV. B. Diaz rounds Cape of Good Hope. 1487 The Court of the Star Chamber instituted in England. Provence joined to France. 1488 War between Russia and Sweden. The Yeoman of the Guard organized in England. 1490 Leonardo da Vinci, painter, flourished. 1491 Charles VIII. marries Anne of Brittany. Alexander VI. Pope. Sevnigorod defeats and annihilates the Tartars. 1492 Columbus sails from Spain, August 3, and discovers America, October 12; discovers Cuba, October 28; Hayti, December 6. Ferdinand conquers Grenada and destroys the Moorish power in Spain. Cesar Borgia poisons Pope Alexander VII. Henry sells the sovereignty of France. Wrarbeck's insurrection; quelled in 1498. Spanish persecution of the Jews. 1498 Treaty of Barcelona, between France and Spain. League between Russia and Denmark. Birth of Correggio, painter; died 1534. 1494 Charles VII. invades Italy and conquers Naples. Lollards persecuted in England. 1495 Poynings' Act in Ireland. 1496 Naples lost to Charles. Spain accrues to Austria by the marriage of Philip i. with the heiress of Aragon and Castile. 1497 Cabot discovers Labrador, June 26; and surveys Hudson's Bay, July 3. 1498 Louis XII. King of France. 1499 The French unite with Venice and seize Milan. Battle of Lepanto; victory of the Turks. Mohammedans expelled from Spain. Swiss Confederacy independent. Perkin Warbeck executed. 1500 Pinzon discovers Brazil, January 26. Cabra!, the Portuguese, lands in Brazil, May 3.,501 Brasle and Schaffhausen join the Swiss Confederation. Negro slaves imported into Hispaniola. 1502 Spanish Moors compelled to adopt Christianity. Columbus sails on his fourth voyage and discovers various isles on the coast of Honduras, and explores the coasts of the islands; discovers and names Porto Bello, November 2. 1603 Reign of Montezuma in Mexico. Louis XII., of France, invades Spain. Portuguese in India. Birth of Wyatt; died 1542. Birth of Mendoza, historian; died 1575. 1504, Death of Queen Isabella of Spain. Brazil explored by Americus Vespucius. Columbus, worried by the machinations of his enemies, returns to Spain, November 7. 1505 Birth of John Knox; died 1572. 1506 Death of Columbus, May 20; he was treated with the basest ingratitude by the Spanish Government. 3uchanan born; died 1582. Rule of Charles V., of Spain, in Holland. Birth of Francis Xavier; died 1552. Yucatan discovered by Solis and Pinzon. 1508 League of Cambray, between Louis XII. and Maximillian, against Venice. A. D. 1509 Henry VIII. King of England; he marries Catherine of Aragon. Venice stripped of its Italian possessions. 1510 Russia again invaded by Tartars. Execution of Dudley and Empson. Ojedo founds San Sebastian. 1511 Pope Julius II. forms the Holy League with Ferdinand and Venice. Velasquez subdues Cuba. 1512 Selim I. made King of Turkey by Janissaries. Ponce de Leon discovers the Florida coast. Birth of Vasari, painter, died 1571. Birth of Tintoretto, painter; died 1594. Navarre annexed to Spain. 1513 England invades France. Battle of Guinegate or Spurs; French defeat. Scotland invades England. Battle of Flodden Field; Scots defeated. Balboa crosses the Isthmus of Darien, and discovers the Pacific ocean. Leo X., Pope, encourages literature and the arts. 1514 W"olsey's power begins in England. 1515 Battle of Marignano. Francis I. defeats the Italians, Swiss and Germans. Maximillian I. secures the Hungarian succession. Francis I. becomes King of France. First English prose history. Birth of St. Theresa; died 1582. 1516 Death of Ferdinand, King of Spain. Rule of Cardinal Ximenes. Charles I. King of Spain. Accession of the House of Austria. Turks gain Egypt. 1517 Europeans first obtain a footing in China. Selim I. defeats Mamelukes and adds Egypt to the Ottoman Empire. Luther begins the work of reformation in Germany. Fernando de Cordova discovers the Mexican coast. Luther translates and publishes the Bible and Liturgy in German. Birth of Surrey; died 1547. 1518 Grijalva penetrates into Yucatan, and names it New Spain. 1519 Cortez lands in Mexico. Charles I., of Spain, elected Emperor of Germany as Charles V. 1520 "Field of the Cloth of Gold" meeting of Francis I. with Henry VIII. Balboa passes through Magellen's Straits. 1521 Battle of Razau; Russia defeats Poland. Martin Luther excommunicated at the Diet of Worms. Conquest of Mexico by Cortez. Henry VIII. styled the "Defender of the Faith" by the Pope. France and Spain at war. 1522 Cortez made governor of Mexico by Charles V. First Scotch invasion of England. The Louvre, Paris, commenced. 1523 Italian League against Francis I. Clement VII. Pope at Rome. Berner's Froissart. ( Honduras conquered by the Spaniards. Verazzani's discoveries in North America. Birth of Rousard; died 1586. 1524 Settlement of New France (Canada). 1525 Battle of Pavia. Francis I. defeated and taken prisoner by Charles V. Peasants' War in Germany. Albert of Brandenburg embraces Lutheranism and becomes Duke of East Prussia and Fief of Poland. 1526 Ferdinand I. unites Bohemia and Hungary to Austria. Pizarro discovers the coast of Quito. Selim I. defeats the Hungarians. Mongol dynasty founded in India. Tyndale's new Testament Published, 1527 Germans capture Rome. Papal war. Insurrection of Mvoriscoes suppressed, in Spain. Death of Machiavelli. Birth of Camoens; died 1579. Sackville, earliest dramatist, born. 1528 Narvaez's expedition to Florida coast. Constable Bourbon at Rome. James V., of Scotland, reigns. Birth of P. Veronese, painter; died 1588.1529 Diet at Spiers, Germany. Turks invade Austria. France and Spain sign treaty of peace at Cambria. Sir Thomas More, Chancellor. 1530 The Augsburg Confession published. Persecution of Protestants begun in France. Fall and death of Cardina! Wolsey. Reformation makes great progress In.Switzerland. Italy conquered by Charles V. Russia makes peace with the Tartars. 1531 League of Smalkald formed by Protestant princes. First European Colony in South America. San Vincente founded. Royal printing press established in France. Elliot's "Governor" issued. Death of Zwingle; born 1484. 1532 France annexes Brittany. Conquest of Peru begins. Calvin at Geneva1533 Ivan I., Czar, noted for his cruelty. Henry divorces Catherine, and marries Anne Boleyn. Birth of Montague; died 1592. The Hotel de Ville, Paris, founded. 1534 The Anabaptist war; they capture Munster. Henry VIII. is styled "Head of the Church"; authority of the Pope of Rome abolished in the kingdom. Cartier's expedition to the Gulf of the St. Lawrence. Rebellion of Fitzgerald in Ireland. Foundation of Jesuit order. Comeggio died; born 1493. 1535 Execution of Sir Thomas More, in England. Cartier's second voyage, enters and names the St. Lawrence, ascends the river as far as present site of Montreal. Mendoza founds Buenos Ayres, and conquers adjacent country. California supposed to have been discovered by an expedition fitted out by Cortez under Grijalva. Cromwell, vicar-general in England. Suppression of monasteries in Englan& Coverdale's Bible issued. Mendoza erects the first Mexican mint. 1536 Suppression of the Anabaptists, and death of John of Leyden. Anne Boleyn beheaded; Henry marries Jane Seymour. The Portuguese granted Macao, China. The Boulevards, Paris, commenced. 1537 English suppression of the monasterieSm Death of Jane Seymour. Pilgrimage of Grace. 1539 Adoption of the six articles, England. First edition of Cromwell's Bible published. Cranmer's Anglican Liturgy. 1540 Execution of Cromwell. Greece subjected to the Ottoman Empire. Henry VIII. marries Annie of Cloves, January 6; divorced July 9; marries Catherine Howard, August 8. James V., of Scotland, dies. Mary proclaimed Queen of Scots; rogency of Cardinal Beaton. Birth of Gascoigne; died 1577. Birth of Gilbert (magnetism); died 16W3. Orellana sails down the Amazon to the sea. A. D. 1541 Great Tartar invasion of Russia repelled. De Soto discovers the Mississippi River. 1542 Catherine Howard executed. Henry VIII. takes the title of King of Ireland. Roberval's expedition to the St. Lawrence. 1543 Ivan IV., the Terrible, reigns, at the age of fourteen. Henry VIII. marries Catherine Parr. Death of Copernicus; born 1473. 1544 Grk'on League joins Swiss Confederacy. Franre -,:t war with England and Spain. English invasion of France under Henry VIII. Birth of Tasso; died 1595. University of Konigsberg founded by Duke Albert. 1545 Ivan IV. crowned by the Patriarch. Pope Paul III. erects Parma and Placenti- into a Duchy. Ascham "Toxophilus." Council of Trent. 1546 Death of Martin Luther. France concludes peace with England. Assassination of Beaton,' regent of Scotlanrd. 1546-'52 Charles V., of Germany, makes war on the Protestants, who are assisted later by Henry II. 1547 Earl of Surrey, England, executed. Death of Henry VIII. Edward VI. reigns under protectorship of the Duke of Somerset. Henry II. King of France. Battle of Pinkey. Death of Victoria Colonna; born 1490. The Smalcadic war. Birth of Cervantes; died 1616. 1548 Hall's Chronicle issued. 1549 Execution of Lord Seymour, England; arrest of-his brother, the Duke of Somerset. 1550 John Knox's Scotch reformation. Udal, earliest English comedy. Birth of Coke; died 1634. 1551 Wilson's Art of Rhetoric published. 1552 The Book of Common Prayer published in England. Duke of Somerset beheaded. Metz successfully defended by the Duke of Guise. Close of religious war in Germany by the Peace of Passan. Massacre of Cazan, Russia. Birth of Sir Walter Raleigh; died 1618. 1553 Mary Tudor, daughter of Catherine of Aragon, succeeds Edward, July 6. Lady Jane Gray proclaimed Queen of England, July 10, but relinquishes the title. Restores the Roman Catholic religion in England. Trade between England and Russia begun by the "Russian Company." Servetus burnt by Calvin. Birth of Hooker; died 1600. Birth of Spenser; died 1599. 1554 Lady Jane Gray and Lord Guilford Dudley beheaded. Mary marries Philip of Spain. Birth of Sir Philip Sydney; died 1586. Persecution of Protestants in England. Siberia discovered. Wyatt's insurrection suppressed ir England. 1555 The English.martyrs, Latimer, Ridley, Rogers, and. Cranmer burned at the stake. Philip II. rules in Holland. Religious peace of Augsburg. Bale's "King John" issued. 1556 Charles, of Spain and Germany, retires to a monastery. Philip II. King of Spain. Ferdinand, his brother, succeeds in Germany. Reign of Akbar, the greatest sovereign of Hindoostan. 1557 Spain at war with France. Battle of St. Quentin; Philip gains a decisive victory,. Alva takes Rome. 1558 Calais retaken by the French. Mary, of Guise, in Scotland, marries the Dauphine. Elizabeth accedes to English throne, NoSvember 17. / Re-establishes the Church, of England. 1559 Francis II. King of France. Treaty of Cateau-Cambreris signed. William Cecil Secretary in England. -1560 Charles IX. King of France; regency of Catherine de Medici. The Geneva Bible issued. Birth of Southwell" died 1596. Persecution of Protestants begun in Spain. 1561 Birth of Bacon; died 1626. Mary Stuart reigns in Scotland. Religious wars in France. 1562 Massacre of Protestants at Vassy. Huguenots defeated at Dreux by Guise. Russia and Sweden unite against Poland. Port Royal, Carolinas, founded by Huguenots. 1563 Guise killed at the siege of Orleans. Temporary peace with the Huguenots. The Escurial Palace,of Spain founded. Tusser's Bucolics" issued. Birth of, Drayton; died 1631. 1564 Maximillian II. King of Germany, Florida colonized by Huguenots. Birth of Shakespeare; died 1616; Birth of Galileo; died 1640. The Tuileries, Paris, begun. 1565 Philip establishes the Inquisition in Holland. Mary Queen of Scots marries Lord Darnley. St. Augustine, Florida, founded by Melendez. 1566 Confederacy of "Guenx" (beggars) against Philip's cruelty. Murder of Rizzio, by Darnley, March 9. 1567 Religious wars resumed in France; Huguenots defeated at St. Denis. Alva enters the Netherlands. Assassination of Darnley, Feb. 10; Mary accused of connivance. Mary marries Brothwell, May 15; abdicates in favor of her son. James VI., Earl of Murray, regent. 1568 Mary escapes from prison, is defeated by Murray, at Langside, May 13, and seeks shelter in England. Bishop's Bible issued. 1569 Huguenots defeated at Jarnac and Moucontour. 1570 Rebellion of Moriscoes, in Spain, -out down. Ivan massacres 25,000 persons at Novgorod, Russia. Hungary definitely annexed to Austria. Murray murdered; Lennox becomes regent. 1571 Birth of Kepler; died 1630. Spain allied with Venice and the Pope against the Turks. Battle of Lepanto; Turkish power crippled. Moscow, Russia, burned by the Tartars. Lennox murdered; Mar becomes regent. 3573 Rebellion of William of Orange against Philip's tyranny. Massacre of St. Bartholomew, France, August 24. H Henry of Navarre marries Marguerite, of Valois. Birth of Inigo Jones; died 1652. 74 Accession of Henry III., of France, the last of the Valois. Birth of Ben Jonson; died 1637. 1575 Elizabeth, of England, declines the sovereignty of Holland. Birth of Guido Reni, painter; died 1642. 1576 Ghent pacified. Provinces in Holland unite against Spain. Accession of Rudolph II., of Germany. Frobisher enters San Francisco Bay. The Holy Catholic League organized. A. D. 1576 Birth of Burton; died 1640. Birth of Fletcher; died 1625. 1577 Birth of Rubens, painter; died 1626. 1579 League of Utrecht. Northern provinces of Holland declare their independence. Fitzgerald's Irish rebellion suppressed. Sir Francis Drake lands in the Moluccas. 1580 Alva, of Spain, conquers Portugal; the united provinces renounce their allegiance. English take fortress of Smerwick, in Ireland, from Italians, and butcher 700 prisoners. Birth 6f Alexander, of Sterling; died 1640. 1581 Campian's Jesuit conspiracy suppressed. 1582 Sante Fe, New Meico, founded by Espejo. 1583 Birth of Hugo Grotius; died 1645. 1584 William of Orange assassinated. Henry III. killed by Jacques Clement; accession of Henry IV., of Navarre, first of Bourbon line. Expedition of Amidas and Barlow to America. 1585 Southern provinces of Holland subdued by the Duke of Parma. Treaty of Peace between Holland and England. Failure of Raleigh's Roanoke Island settlements. Davis Strait discovered by Davis. 1586 Battle of Zutphen. Sir Philip Sydney killed. Birth of Beaumont; died 1616. 1587 Prince Maurice becomes Stadtholder of Holland. Execution of Mary Queen of Scots at Frotheringay Castle. 1588 Assassination of the Duke of Guise and.his brother, by order of the King. Destruction of the Spanish Armada off the English coast. 1590 Battle of Ivry. Henry IV. defeats the League. Barnevaldt, grand Pensionary of Holland. 1591 Birth of Herrick; died 1674. 1592 Sigismund, of Poland, in Sweden. Birth of Quarles; died 1644. Birth of Gassendi; died 1655. 1593 Henry IV. adopts the Catholic faith. 1594 Birth of Shirley; died 1666. 1595 Shakespeare's poems first issued. 1596 Capture of Cadiz by Essex. University of Barcellona founded. Birth of Descartes; died 1650. 1597 Bacon's essays published. 1598 Death of Philip II., of Spain. Philip II. King; he banishes 300,000 Moors from Spain by A. D. 1610. The Netherlands ceded to Austria. Edict of Nantes in favor of Protestants, by Henry IV. Irish rebellion of O'Niel, or Tyrone; defeat of the English at Blackwater. Henry IV. commissions De la Roche to conquer Canada, in which he fails. The race of Ruric, who had governed Russia for 700 years, becomes extinct. Bodleian founded. 1599 Appenzel joins the Swiss Cantons. Birth of Vandyck, painter; died 1641..Birth of Velasquez, painter; died 1660. Modern Hi tory, 1000 Maurice, of Holland, invades Flanders. The Dutch East India Company chartered with a capital of $360,000, Chauvin's trading voyages to Tadoussac, Canada. Birth of the painter, Rembrandt; died 1669. Birth of Claude Lorraine, painter; died 1682. Portuguese introduce tobacco into India. 1601 Execution of the Earl of Essex, February 25. Alleged discovery of Australia by Portuguese. 1602 Siege of Geneva, Switzerland" Charles of Savoy defeated. Champlain's first expedition to the St. Lawrence. 1603 Death of Queen Elizabeth; accession of James IV., of Scotland, to English Crown, as James I. Union of England and Scotland, M~arch 4. 1604 First settlements in Nova Scotia by Acadians. Port Royal, on Bay of Fundy, founded. Hampton Court Conference. 1605 Discovery of the Gunpowder Plot to blow up Parliament. 1606 Great fire in Constantinople. Matins at Moscow. Demetrius, a pretended son of Ivan, and many Poles massadred. Liberty of worship given to Protestants,.in Austria, by peace of Vienna. Australia observed by the Dutch. Silk and other manufactures introduced into France. Mantua ceded to the Emperor of Austria. Birth of Corneille; died 1684. 1607 Setflement of Jamestown, Va., by Lord de la vv-&_'" 1608 Quebec founded Doy T1m plain. John Sigismund created Elector of Brandenburg and Duke of Prussia. Ulster settlements made by the English..Birth of John Milton; died 1674. 1609 Truce of Antwerp; independence of united provinces of Holland. Moriscoes expelled from Spain by Philip III. The Douay Bible first issued. Peace between Spain and the Dutch. Henry Hudson discovers* Hudson River. Champlain's discoveries in Canada. Virginia obtains a new charter. Hawkins at Mogul Court. King James drives the Irish from Ulster and divides the land between England and Scotland. 1610 "King James' Version" of the Bible completed. Henry IV. of France assassinated; Mlarie de Medici Regent. Louis XIII. King of France. The Palais-Royal, Paris, built. 1611 The title of Baronet created by James I. Champlain returns to America, founds Montreal, and is in supreme command in Canada.. Issue of the English Bible, "King James' Version." Carr, afterwards Somerset, favorite in Enzland. 1612 Mathias becomes Emperor of Germany. English factories established in India. Virginia receives a third charter. Death of Prince Henry. 1613 Accession of the Romanoff Dynasty in Russia. Michael Fedorvoitz Czar. Champlain explores the Ottawa River, Canada. The Overbury murder, England. Louis XIII. assumes the exercise of the Government. Princess Elizabeth, of England, marries Frederic. Elector of Palatine. 1614 English defeat Portuguese in Bombay. New Amsterdam, now New York, built by the Dutch. Smith explores the New England coast. Dutch settlements in New Jersey.. Napier's Logarithms. 1615 Villier's, Duke of Buckingham, favorite. 1616 The present Tsing Dynasty in China egtablished by Mantchou Tartars. Death of Cervantes and Shakespeare. ' Harvey discovers circulation of blood. 1617 Ladislaus, of Poland, marches on Moscow. Finland ceded to Sweden. 1618 The thirty years' war begins in Bohemia, between the Protestants, under the Elector Palatine, and the Catholic Bavarian League. Sir Walter Raleigh executed. Matthias II, of Hungary, abdicates; aocession of Ferdinand II. Australian coast surveyed by Zeachec and others. Kepler's Laws published. 1619 Execution of Barneveldt, Holland. The Dutch visit India and establish a united East India Company. 1620 Battle of Prague; defeat of Hungarian Protestants. Puritans arrive at Plymouth. "Great Patent" to Virginia company issued. Dutch vessels with first negro slaves enter James River. Navarre annexed to France. 1621 Spain and Holland at War. Philip IV. King of Spain. The Dutch We.t India Company formle. Lord Bacon impeached and overthrown. 1622 Seldon and Pyre imprisoned. Birth of Moliere; died 16'13. 1623 New Hampshire first settled. First edition of Shakespeare's -works. 1624 Richelieu's reforms, begins with the finances. England declares war -with Spain. 1625 Prince Frederick Henry reigns in Holland. Accession of Ferdinand III., of Hungary. Accession of King Charles I., of England; he marries Princess Henrietta Maria, of France. Huguenot uprising. 1626 Death of Lord Bacon. 1627 War of the Mantuan succession, in Italy. Delaware settled by Swedes and Finns. Cardinal Richelieu's scheme for colonizing Canada..The company of one hundred associates formed. War between England and France. Birth of Brossnet; died 1704. 1628 The Duke of Buckingham assassinated. Rochelle surrenders ~after a memorable siege. Petition of Right, England. Massachusetts Bay settled:Elliot sent to the Tower of London. Birth of John Bunyan; died 1688. 1629 English seize French possessions in Canada. Champlain made prisoner and sent to England. Charter granted to Massachusetts Bay Company. Edict of Restitution. 1630 The city of Boston founded. Gustavus Adolphus, King of Sweden, invades Germany. 1631 Treaty of Cherasco, between Louis of France and Victor Amadeus I., of Savoy. Birth of Dryden; died 1700. 1632 Charter of Maryland granted to Lord Baltimore, and settled by Irish Catholics. Canada restored to the French by treaty of St. Germain. The Cavalier Poets. Birth of Lock; died 1704. 1633 Champlain returns to Canada with new settlers. Battle of Lutzen; victory and death of Gustavus Adolphus. ' 1634 French Academy established by Richelieu. Spain at war with France, which is invaded. Assassination of Wallenstein. Ship money levied in England. 1635 Connecticut settlements at Hartford, Windsor and Weathersfield. Rogers Williams driven from Massachusetts, settles in Rhode Island. Death of Champlain. The "Tulip mania" prevails in Holland. 1636 University of Utrecht founded. Claius' play of Creation. 1637 Pequod Indian war in Connecticut. Gee. De Montmagny arrives in Canadla. The Island of Montreal settled,. Hampden's trial in England respecting "ship money." Prynne fined by Star Chamber. Harvard College founded. First settlement at Brooklyn, Long Island. 1638 New Haven colony founded. First peace between the Iroquois and Canada. Turks defeat Persians, and take Bagdad. Solemn League and Covenant between England and Scotland. 1639 Van Tromp, of Holland, captures two Spanish fleets. Pacification of Dunse. Withdrawal of English army from Scotland. First printing press in America. Birth of Racine; died 1699. 1640 John of Braganza drives Spaniards from Portugal. Portugal wins its independence. Beginning of the Long Parliament. First American book issued. 1641 Earl of Stafford beheaded. Judgment against Hampden annulled. Ulster rebellion in Ireland; massacre of English. Fort St. George built at Madras. 1642 Death of Galileo and Richelieu. Charles I. attempts to seize members in the House. Civil war in England. Battle of Edgehill, Oct. 23. Tasman coasts, South Australia and Van Diemans Land explored. Hobb's Leviathan published. Birth of Newton; died 1727. First ferry between New York and Brooklyn established. 1643 Accession of Louis XIV., the Great, in France. Regency of Anne of Austria, and ascendency of Mazarin. Battle of Chalgrove, June 18, and Newbury, Sept. 20. Covenant approved by Parliament. Turrene on the Rhine. Torricelli's Barometer. 1644 Battle of Marston. Moor; victory of Cromwell. Second battle of Newbury, Oct. 27. Charter granted to Rhode Island. Indian massacre in Virginia. Self-denying ordinance, England. Birth of William Penn: died 1718. 1645 Archbishop Land beheaded, Jan. 10. Battle of Naseby, June 14; decisive defeat of royalists. Battle of Philiphaugh; Montrose defeated by Cromwell. Alexis, called the Father of his country, Czar of Russia. Royal Society of England founded. 1646 Charles I. seeks refuge in Scotland, and Is surrendered to the Parliament. Birth of Leibnitz; died 1716. 1647 Conversion of Indians in Canada to Christianity..1648 Treaty of Westphalia. Switzerland's independence acknowledged. Holland, given up by Spain, becomes a republic. End of the thirty years' war between Catholics and, Protestants. Pomerania, and other territory, annexed to Prussia. Civil wars of the Froude. ' u S"=.... i 't. 4. t-, .," 1 .0- ' 0,. I. -1 wonjilfiall-z W-K tvopyrignti, iaUy, DY LireO. Ar. ug/ie &; (jo.

Page  127 SUPPLEMENT XIV. ýWs =Zlgm-qA mgm - mmmbw-dwý I ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY. = H118 Canadians at war with tfi Indians. The House of Brandenburg acquire Halberstadt and Minden, New Amsterdam contains about 1,000 Inhabitants. Trial and execution of Charles I. Massacre and capture of Drogheda, Ireland, by Cromwell. i Confession of Faith. Marquis of Montrose beheaded in Sootland. 265&. Leopold I. made King of Hungary, Charles II. crowned at Scone, Scotland, Jan. 1. Battle of Worcester, Sept. 3, and defeat of royalists. Charles II. flees to France. "Barebones" Parliament. Birth of Fenelon; died 1715. English Navigation Act. 1415 England at war with Holland. The Dutch, under Van Tromp, "sweep the Channel." De Ruyter defeated by Blake. 3068 Negro insurrection suppressed in Mexico. Peace between England and Holland. Death of Van Tromp. Long Parliament dissolved by Cromwell, April 20. He becomes Lord Protector, Dec. 16. 1454 Jesuits establish themselves among the Onondaga Iroquois. Russian victories in Poland. 3055 Spain and England at war, which lasts five years. 1056 Russian Truce of Niemetz, or Wilma, with Poland. Prussia declared independent of Poland. Frederic William, the Great Elector. Jamaica conquered. 1057 Convention gives Cromwell power to appoint his successor. Death of Admiral Blake. 1658 Accession of Leopold I. in Germany. Death of Oliver Cromwell; Richard Cromwell, his son, succeeds him. 19 Auto de fa, of the Inquisition, Mexico. Richard Cromwell resigns title of Lord Protector. Peace of the Pyrenees. 1600 The restoration. Charles II. returns to England; the monarchy re-established. Birth of Stahl; died 1734. 1061 Death of Mazarin. Colbert, Minister of Finance, in France. Execution of the Marquis of Argyle, in ( Scotland. Birth of De Foe; died 1731. The Royal Palace at Versailles commenced'; court opened there in 1672. 1652 Terrible earthquake in Pekin; 300,000 lives lost. Act of Uniformity, May 19. The Church of England restored. Charles marries Catherine of Braganza, May 06 Canada becomes a royal government under Louis XIV. Earthquake in Canada. Birth of Cotton Mather; died 1728. IM4France begins war with Holland. New Jersey sold to Lord Berkeley; settled at Elizabethtown. The English take New Amsterdam and name it New York. North Carolina settled. De Courcelles governor in Canada. War with the Mohawks. 1=15Second Dutch war with England. Death of Philip II.; regency of Anne. The Great Plague in London. Western Australia named New Holland, by Dutch. Canada granted to French West India Company. I= De Ruyter defeated by Monk. Mohawk villages destroyed by the French. Great fire in London. The French Academy of Sciences founded. 1115 Perpetual edict abolishes office of stadtholder in Holland. First Russian vessel built. Birth of Swift; died 1745. New York City; 364 houses. 008S Triple Alliance, England, Holland and Sweden united against France. Treaty of Lisbon. Spain recognizes Portugal's independence. Russian ambassadors sent to France and, Spain. 1080 France and Sweden break the triple Alliance, and declare war against Holland. First settlements of English -in South Carolina. Champs Elysees, Paris, planted, 3. Birth of Steele; died 1729. Coude and Turenne overrun Holland. Perpetual edict of 1667 revoked. William of Orange, stadtholder. The De Witts assassinated in Holland. The Holland dikes opened, and French driven out, The French acquire Pondicherry, India. Count de Frontenac, Governor of Canada. Paris Academy of Music founded. Birth of Addison; died 1719. Virginia granted to Arlington and Culpepper. Discoveries of Marquette and Joliet in the northwest. 1674 Death of the poet John Milton. Discovery of the Mississippi. 1075 King Philip's war in New England. Birth of Clarke; died 1729. '1677 William of Orange marries Mary. "Paradise Lost" first published. 1%038 Russia begins war with the Turks. Peace of Nimeguen, France, England alarmed by Titus Oates, stories of a false "Popish plot." Sir Edward Berry Godfrey found murdered. Expedition of La Salle. Bunyan's "Pilgrim Progress" published. Birth of Bolinbroke; died 1751. =5 Habeas Corpus Act passes parliament. Archbishop Sharpe murdered by covenanters, who defeat Cloverhouse at London Hill, but are routed at Bothwell Bridge. East India Company begins trading in China. Execution of Lord Stafford, Dec. 29. Mississippi river explored by Hennepin. Charleston, South Carolina, Sounded. The Exclusion Bill, England. Origin of the Whig and Tory. Mahratta power begins in India. La Salle sails down the Mississippi, and names Louisiana. De Frontenac recalled from Canada. Reign of Ivan and Peter I., the Great, in Russia. Murder of La Salle, in Louisiana. The Cossacks subdued by Russia. g82 Wiliam Penn settles in Pennsylvania. Delaware granted to Penn. 118 Sobieski, of Poland, raises the siege of Vienna. Disco Tery of Rye House plot, to secure succession for Duke of Monmouth. Execution of Lord Russell, July 21, and Algernon Sydney, Dec. 7. Canada renews war with the Iroquois. Mahomet. I. besieges Vienna, but fails. 2184 Greece invaded by the Venetians. Birth of Berkeley; died 1753. 1685 Revocation of Edict of Nantes; terrible persecutions of French and Protestants follow. Accession of James II. of England. Ab.t as rebellion suppressed, and his execution. Duke of Monmouth, natural son of Charles II., lands at Lyme, June 11; proclaimed king at Taunton, June 20. I 5= 16 16, 16! 1I1 160 169 169 169: 169: 169! 1691 1691 169E 1699 1700 1701 1702 85 Battle of Segemoor, July 6; defeat and execution of Monmouth. Texas colonized by Spaniards, Birth of Handel; died 1759. Birth of Bach; died 1750. 86 William Dampier lands in Australia. Louis marries Madame de Maintenon. Alliance between Russia and Poland against the Turks. Birth of Allan Ramsay; died 1757. Birth of Young; died 1765. 87 Athens captured by the Venetians. Hungarian crown declared to be in the Austrian male line. Accession of Joseph I. Madam Guyon, and the "Quietists," persecuted. 8S Trial and acquittal of the seven bishops, June 30. Abdication and flight of James II., Dec. 23. Landing of the Prince of Orange on English soil. Bonsset's Variations issued. Birth of Pope; died 1744. 39 William and Mary proclaimed King and Queen, Feb. 13. James II. lands in Ireland. Peter the Great, sole sovereign in Russia. Cloverhouse's rebellion in Scotland suppressed. King William's war. French and Indians ravage New England frontier. Canadian expedition fails. The Toleration Act passes Parliament. Iroquois lay waste the Island of Montreal. Frontenac again made Governor of Canada. France at war with England. Birth of Montesquieu; died 1755. 0 French and Indians destroy Schenectady, New York. Massacre of Salmon Falls. Siege of Londonderry. British colonies in America resolve to invade Canada. Unsuccessful attack made on Quebec by the British fleet. Spain joins the "Grand Alliance" against France. William III. lands in Ireland, June 10. Battle of the Boyne, July 1; James defeated. 1 French invasion of Spain. Aragon and Catalonia ravaged. Treaty of Limerick deprives James ef power in Ireland, and grants amnesty to rebels. 2 Beginning of the English national debt. Insurrection in the City of Mexico. Massacre of Glencoe.' Battles in Steinkirk and Landen. Birth of Bradley; died 1762. 3 Battle of Marsaglia; the Duke of Savoy defeated by the French under Catinat. 4 Bank of England established. Mary, Queen of England, dies. Dictionary of French Academy issued. University of Halle founded. Birth of Bishop Butler; died 1752. Birth of Voltaire; died 1778. Birth of Chesterfield; died 1773. 5 Turks again invade Hungary. Bayle's Dictionary published. Abolition of censorship of the English press. Namur falls. 6 Trinity Church, New York, founded. 7 Peace of Ryswick. Treaty between England, France, Spain and Holland. Peter, Czar of Russia, visits Holland and England, and learns useful trades. Peter suppresses the conspiracy of the Strelitz, and punishes its members with barbarous cruelty. End of King William's war. Birth of Hogarth, painter; died 1774. 5 Death of Frontenac. First Partition treaty, regulates Spanish succession, and codes territory to France. The Darien expedition sails. Second East India Company formed. Birth of Savage; died 1741. Birth of Warhurton; died 1779. SPeace of Carlowits, between Turks and the Allies. The Morea ceded to Venice. Further explorations of the Mississippi. Fenelon's "Telemaque" issued. I The French in Canada make peace with the Iroquois. Second Partition treaty in Spain, declares the Arch Duke Charles next in succession. Charles II. of Spain, the last of the House of Austria, dies, and is succeeded by Philip V., of the House of Bourbon. L War of the Spanish succession begins in Italy and continues until 1713. Death of James II., in exile, at St. Germain, Sept. 16. Spain allied with France and Mantua. The French found Detroit. The Prussian monarchy established by Frederick, and recognized by Leopold, of Germany. Russia at war with Sweden. Total defeat of Peter at the battle of Narva, by Charles XII. Census of New York gave 6,000 inhabitants. Death of William III. of England. Anne succeeds to the English throne, March 8. Beginning of "Queen Anne's War." Prussia takes Guelders from the Dutch. Holland, Austria and England declare war with France and Spain. Treaty of French with the Five Nations. Massachusetts frontier ravaged by Indians. Peter founds St. Petersburgh, and makes it the capital of the empire. Portugal joins alliance against Spain and France. Irish parliament petitions for union. Birth of Jonathan Edwards; died 1758. Birth of John Wesley; died 1794. Battle of Blenheim; English and their allies, under Marlborough, victorious over the French. The English capture Gibraltar. Peter abolishes the Strelitz, or royal body guard. England passes the Irish "Popery Act." Battle of Donanwerth. Charles acknowledged King of Spain at Barcelona. Joseph 1 becomes Emperor of Germaay, Defeat of the French at Ramilles. Battle of Turin. The French raise the siege and surrender Naples and Lombardy. ~Irth of Ben Franklin; died 1790. Union of England and Scotland as the Kingdom of. Great Britain. Nuenburg seized and Lecklenburg purchased by Frederick I. Holland, Germany and England at war against France. First expedition against Port Royal, Nova Scotia, fails. Defeat of the allies at Almauze. Death of Aurungzebe. Birth of Fielding; died 1754. Birth of Buffon; died 1788. Mantua ceded to Joseph 1, of Austria. The French squadron routed by the English, under Admiral Byng. Discovery of Herculaneum, England determines upon the conquest of Canada. Battle of Pultowa; Peter totally defeats Charles XII., of Sweden, who flies to Turkey. 14,000 Swedish prisoners sent by Peter to colonize Siberia. mom I 17 17 17 171 171 171 171 171 171 1711 1721 1721 172: 1721 1721 1721 1721 1729 1730 09 Battle of Malplaquet; Marlborough again defeats the French, Birth of Samuel Johnson; died 1784. 10 Capture of Port Royal, Nova Scotia, by the English, and name changed to AAnapolis. Rout of Spaniards, under Philip V,1 at battle of Almenava. Sacheverell's riots in Great Britain; dis-' senting meeting houses destroyed. The "Tattler" first published,. 11 Attack and repulse of English fleet en Quebec. Russia at war with Turkey. Accession of Charles VI., of Germany. A slave market opened in Wall Street, New York. Birth of Hume; died 1776. 12 The principality of Meurs acquired by Prussia. Peace of Aargau; end of the religious war in Switzerland. Accession of Charles as Emperor of Austria. Birth of Rosseau; died 1779. 13 Treaty of Utrecht between the great powers, and terminates Uhe wars of Queen Anne. Newfoundland and Nova Scotia ceded to England. Italy divided; a part of the Duchy of Milan given to the Emperor of Austria. Barcelona, Spain, besieged. Frederick William I. becomes King of Prussia. Peter takes the title of Emperor of Russia. Birth of Sterne; died 1768. L4 Death of Queen Anne. George I. becomes King of England, Aug. 1. Hanovarian succession begins. Treaty of Rastadt; Austria acquires the Netherlands. Birth of Whitefield; died 1770. Birth of Gluck; died 1787..5 Rebellion in Scotland under the Earl of Mar. Battles of Preston and Sheriffmuir and defeat of the rebels. Landing of the Chevilier at Peterhead, December 22. Louis XV., King of France, with the Duke of Orleans Regent. Austria acquires Naples, Milan, etc. Russia adds Esthonia, Levonia, and a large part of Finland to the Empire. Peter visits Germany, Holland and France. Occupation of the Morea by Turkey. Rule of Cardinal Alberoni in Spain, Prussia and Sweden at war. Death of Louis the Great; accession of Louis XV., his grandson. 6 Great era of speculation. George Law's financial schemes. The village charter of Brooklyn first issued. The Septennial Bill passed in England, Birth of Garrick, actor; died 1779. 7 New Orleans founded. Belgrade abandoned by Turkey. 8 The Duke of Savoy becomes King of Sardinia. Peace of Passavowitz. Austria gains additional territory. Russia expels the Jesuits. Turkey re-establishes supremacy in Greece. Arch of St. Denis, Paris, completed. I Battle of Glenshiel. Ostend East India Company founded. Mohammed Shah ascends the throne of India. Robinson Crusoe published. 0 Sardinia Is made a kingdom. Law's Mississippi South Sea Bubble, and other schemes, collapse. Widespread financial distress. I Birth of Smollet; died 1771. Birth of Foote, actor; died 1777. 2 The Pragmatic Sanction settles the Imperial Crown of Germany on Maria Theresa. Death of the Duke of Marlborough. i The Jesuits expelled from China. Birth of Reynolds, painter; died 1792. Birth of Adam Smith; died 1790. Birth of Blackatone, jurist; died 1780. I Philip V., of Spain, abdicates, but resumes power upon the death of Louis, his son. "Wood's half-pence." Great excitement in Ireland. Modern History at Oxford University. Guy's Hospital founded. ~Death of Peter the Great. Catherine I. becomes Empress of Russia. The New York Gazette founded. Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, established. 3 Prussia concludes a league with Germany. Birth of Hutton; died 1797. 7 Death of George I., and accession of George II., in England, June 11L Death of Sir Isaac Newton. Birth of Goldsmith; died 1774. ) A city library founded in New York. Birth of Lessing; died 1781. ) Peter II., the, last of the Romanoffs, deposed. Anne, Duchess of Courland and daughter of Ivan IV., becomes Empress of Russia. Birth of J. Watt; died 1819. Birth of Cavendish; died 1810. Birth of Cowoer: died 1800I Birth of George Washington, Feby. 23.. Georgia settled by Oglethorpe. Birth of Wieland; died 1813. "Lettres Philosophiques" burnt by the hangman. Birth of Priestly; died 1804. Charles, the son of Philip V., conquers Naples and crowned king of the two Sicilies. Birth of John Adams; died 1826. Marriage of Maria Theresa to Francis Lo Duke of Lorraine. War between Spain and Portugal. Birth of Mozart, musician; died 1792. Hungary again at war with the Turks. Birth of Gibbon, historian; died 1794. Birth of Benjamin West, painter; died 1820. Birth of Sir William Herschel; died 1822 England again declares war with Spain. Treaty of Belgrade between Russia, Austria and Turkey. Russia renounces her rights on the Blaok Sea. TInvasion of India by Persia. Delhi sacked by Nadir Shah. Methodism. begins in England. Prohibition of the publication of De.w bates in England. Death of the Emperor, Charles Vt., of Germany, last of the male line of the House of Hapsburg. Maria Theresa, his daughter, becomes Queen of Hungary and Empress of Germany. Frederick the Great, King of Prussia. Prussia advanced to the rank of a flrstclass power. Ivan VI., an infant, emperor of Russia. New York Society Library founded. Swedenborg flourishes. Prussia, Bavaria, Saxony and France make war upon Maria Theresa, who receives support from Great Britain. Prussian victory at Molwitz, Breslau ceded to Prussia. Ealizabeth, daughter of Peter the Great, imprisons Ivan VI. for life and reigns in his stead. Russia at war with Sweden. The Elector of Bavaria elected Emperor of Germany as Charles VII. The French defeated at Dettingn by the English, Birth of Thomas Jefferson; died 1826. "- T 31 i? 174 171 171 1751 1754 175 1754 1755 1756 1757 1751 1751 1758 1759 49 Hostilities renewed in America between France and England, known as King George's War. Thriesland annexed to Prussia. 45 Capture of Louisburg by Massachusette militia, under Pepperell. Francis I., Duke of Lorraine, consort oc Maria Theresa, elected Emperor of GeS^ many. The young pretender lands at Moldar, Scotland. Defeat of the Royalists at Preston Fans Jan. 17, and invasion of England. Birth of Hannah More; died ---. Birth of John Jay; died 1829. Birth of Benjamin Rush; died 1813. 46 Royalists again defeated at FalkIrk, Ja&., 17., Total defeat of the Pretender, at Gailam den, April 16. Victories of Marshal Saxe. Invasion of Shirley, Nova Scotia. French and English struggle for V011* session of India. Capture of Madras by the French. 17 The French invade Flanders. Stadtholdership revived in Holland. Execution of Lord Lovat in England. Kloostock's Messiah issued. Birth of David, painter; died 1825. 18 The Peace of Aix la Chapelle. The House of Austria confirmed in the possession of Milan, France takes a part of Flanders. 19 De La Jouquille becomes governor of Canada. French encroach upon Nova Scotia. Birth of Goethe; died 1832. Birth of Laplace; died 1827. Birth of Playfair; died -. 10 Treaty of Madrid, between England and Spain. The first theater in New York opened. Discovery of Pompeii. Paoli's Corsican revolt, 1319. 1 Lord Clive takes Arcot, India. Diderot and D Alembert French Ency-, clopedie. Birth of Sheridan; died 1817. Birth of James Madison; died 1836. 2 The Marquis Duquesne Governor of Canada; he prepares for war with Great Britain and her colonies. The French dispute the claim of Virginia to the valley of the Ohio. New style of year introduced into England; Sept. 3 counted as Sept. 14. The Journals ordered to be printed by the British Parliament. 3 Hostilities begin in the American colonies; French seize Hudson Bay Comrpany's trading posts; George Washington sent to St. Pierre. Charles III. King of Spain. 4 Kentucky settled by Daniel Boone. Peace between France and England;n India. Fort Necessity built at Great Meadows; Washington surrenders it to De Villiere with honors of war. Kings, now Columbia, College, New York, chartered. 5 Braddock and his army defeated by the French and Indians. Defeat of Dieskau at Lake George. French Acadians taken from their homes. Frontier settlements in New York and Pennsylvania harassed by the French and Indians. Niagara expedition fails. Lisbon destroyed by an earthquake. Birth of Dr. Hahnemann; died 1843. Birth of Mrs. Siddons, actress; died 1831. 3 War declared between France and England. Beginning of the Seven Years' War. Austria, Russia and France allied against Prussia. Frederick invades Saxony and captures Saxon army. Moatcalm sent to Canada and seizes Oswego, New York, The conquest of India begun by Great Britain. Admiral Byng executed, March 14. Dowlab, Viceroy of Bengal, captures Calcutta after a heroic defense by Hoiwell. The Black Hole tragedy, June 20. rFort William Henry, on Lake George, captured by Montcalm. Lord Clive's victories in India; takes Calcutta, January 2; Chanderuagore, March 23. Battle of Plassey, Juno 23, establishes English power in India. Battle of the Prague, May 6, victory of Frederick. Frederick defeated in the battle of Kolin, May 18. Defeat of Prussians at Battle of Breslau. Austria concludes treaty with France for division of Prussia. Victory of Frederick in the battles of Rosbach, Nov. 5, and Lissa, Dec. 5. Attempted assassination of King Louis of France by Damiens. Birth of Jonathan Trumbull; died 1804. Birth of Alexander Hamilton; died 1804. Birth of J. P. Kemble, actor; died 1823. Birth of Canova, sculptor; died 1822. Louisburg captured by the English, under Wolfe. Cape Breton Island and Prince Edward's Island captured. Abercrombie defeated by Montcalm, at Ticonderoga. Fort Frontenac capitulates to Bradstreet; Fort George trl- - General Forbes captures Fort Duquesne from the French. Prussians defeated at the Battle of Hochkerchau. The French seize Forts St. David and Ascot, India. Fort Niagara captured by the British, July 23. The French abandon Ticonderoga and Crown Point. Battle of the Plains of Abraham. Death of the French and English commanders, Montcalm and Wolfe, Sept. 13. Quebec surrenders to the English. Charles III., King of the two Sicilies, becomes King of Spain. The Prussians defeated in the battles of Minders, Cunersdorf and Maxen. The French driven back in India. England obtains much territory from Subadhar, of Deccan. Birth of Robert Burns; died 1796. Birth of Schiller; died 1805. Quebec attacked by the French under De Levi. Montreal captured by the English. Surrender of Canada to Great Britain. Death of George II., of England, and succession of George III., Oct. 25. Berlin captured by the Austrians and Russians. Battle of Torgan; defeat of the Austrian&. Thurot's invasion of Ireland. Coote retakes Arcot, India. George III. marries Charlotte Sophia, of Mecklenburg, Strelitz. The French surrender Pondicherry, in India. Revolution at St. Petersburg. Peter III. murdered, and Catherine IT., called the Great, becomes Empress of Russia. Spain again declares war against England and Portugal, and invades the latter country. Battles of Freiberg and Burkersdorf; Austrians defeated in Silesia, by Frederick. Jesuits banished from Prance. Lord Rute, Prime Minister, England. Peace of Paris. Canada ceded to Great Britain. Pondicherry restored to France. Governor Murray appointed governor of Canada, and first -introduces English laws. Close of the Seven Years' War. Treaty of Hubertsburg; Silesia aeded to Prussia. Treaty of Madrid restores peace between Spain, Portugal and England. John Wilkes arrested for sedition. Explorations of Willis and Carteret in Australia. Great defeat of native princes, at battle of Buxar, India, Oct. 23. Pontiac's war; Indians capture English forts and massacre inhabitants. The Sandy Hook lighthouse first lighted. G. Granville, English Prime Minister. Birth of J. Paul Richter; died 1825. Murder of Ivan VI., by order of the Empress. Indians sue for peace. End of Pontiac's war. British parliament decrees heavy duties on imports. The Pantheon, St. Genevieve, Pariss, SA* Be S5t th Me present tMe, by Countries. 1793 Reception of the English Embassy at Pekin. 1812 Edict against Christianity because of Jesuits. 1816 Failure of Lord Ambert's Embassy. 1832 Kingdom of Korea established. 1834 Opium trade prohibited. 1839 Opium seized, causing trouble with British. Chinese outrages in Canton. Hong Kong captured. Naval battles. 1840 Trade with England forbidden by the Emperor. Canton and coast blockaded. War ends in a truce. 1841 War renewed owing to China's bad faith. Victory of the British. Treaty giving England Hong Kong and $6,000,000, repudiated by Emperor. 1842 Treaty of peace, at Nankin, with England, August 29. Hong Kong ceded to England. The Chinese cities of Canton, Amoy, - Foochoofoo, Ningpo and Shanghae opened to British. China pays $21,000,000. 1843 Treaty ratified by Queen Victoria and the Emperor Taou-Kwang. Hong Kong charter issued, April 5. 1850 Rebellion in Quang-Si successful. 1853 Nankin and Shanghae taken by rebels. 1856 Renewal of war owing to Chinese out. rages on Europeans. Commodore Elliott, U. S. N., destroys Chinese fleet. 1857 Blockade of Canton 1858 Capture of Canton by English and French. Treaty of Lord Elgin. Chinese pirates destroyed. 1859 Commercial treaty with United States. English Envoy attacked by Chinese. 1860 England and France at war with China. European Allies victorious. Treaty of peace signed October 24. Surrender of Pekin, Oct. 12. Ratification of treaty with Russia. China forced to pay indes~ ity, and to apologize. Former treaty ratified. 1861 Allies restore Canton to the3 Chinese. Rebels defeated by French and English aid, 1864 Suicide of Tien-wang, the rebel emperor. 1865 Prince Kung becomes regent during minority of emperor. 1868 Burlingame Embassy visit United States and sign treaty. 1869 Burlingame, Chinese Embassy, received at Paris. 1870 French consul and many priests massacred at Tien-tein. 1871 Chinese apologize and give indemnities.Marriage of Emperor. 1873 Ki-Talang of age; becomes Emperor as Tung-chi, Jan. 22. 1875 Death of the Emperor, Tung-Chi, Jan, 22; accession of Tsai-Tien, born 1871, son of Prince Chan. First Chinese railway from Shanghae to Woosung opened. 1877 Terrible famine throughout the Empire. Edict forbidding opium smoking. 1880 Serious troubles with Russia. 1881 Treaty of Peace concluded with Russia. 1883 Sacking of European quarter in Canton. 1884 Treaty of peace with France, May 11. The Imperial Government sanction the introduction of railways, June 20. The Chinese Government declare war against France, Aug. 15. French destroy Kinpai Forts at Foochow, Aug. 28. Repulse of the French at Tamsui. French admiral declares all the Formosan ports to be blockaded. Insurrection in Korea. Assassination of the King's son, Dec. 4. Bhamo, Korea, captured by the Chinese, Dec. 8. 1385 Langson, in Cochin China, captured by the French, Feb. 12; evacuated March 28. Peace concluded with France, April 6; signed at Tien-tsin, June 9. 1885 Admiralty Board created, Dec. 15. 1888 Marriage of the Emperor, Feb. 25. 1890 British Consulate at Ching-Kung-Foo wrecked, Feb. 6. 1891 Floods and famine in the Northern Districts, April. 1894-5War with Japan and continued defeats of the Chinese armies and navies. 1895 Peace concluded with Japan, China paying a large indemnity and relinquishing her claims on Corea. Massacre of missionaries in the interior. 1900 "Boxer" uprising -ax nnnar. 1901 Chinese government agrees to terms cia" manded by the xnowa"" 1703 1704 1705 1706 L709 1709 1731 1732 1733,1734 1735 1730 173'7 Im 1740 1,741 1742 1743 INDIAX Im 176 170 Nabob of Oudh becomes tWbuW to. British. East India Company made receiver of Bengal, Bahar and Orissa. 1166 Treaty with Nizam of the Deccan. 1767 Alliance of Nizam and Hyder All; who attack the British and are, defeated at Vellore. 4 1769 Ryder All, a Musselman advent urer, marches on Madras and compels English to form alliance. 1770 Terrible famine in Bengal. 1771 The Mahrattas enter Delhi. 1772 Warren Hastings becomes governor o1 Bengal. 1774 Office of Governor General created. Rohilla army defeated. 1775 Benares ceded to the East India Company; charges of bribery against Warren Hastings. I' Cop I A IE I Cnrivtr I. S. lyv (G00. A. Ola &. &o. --I - - L-, - -,_, -- ý, - -s -.Y Aý. %Y- ý-OJft

Page  128 " v;,-u-, SUPPLEMENT XV. ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY, 1778 Pondicherry captured by the British. 1780 Arcot taken by Hyder All. Hastings defeats Hyder Ali's invasion of Carnatic. 1781 Defeat of the triple alliance of the Nizam, the Mahrattas and Hyder All. Battle of Novo Porto, July 1. Treaty of Chunar, between Hastings and the Subadhar of Oudh. 1782 Tippoo Saib, son of Haydes All, secures the assistance of the French against the English. Trincomlee lost by the British. Hyder Ali succeeded by Tippoo Saib. 1783 French troops under Bussy arrive. Tippoo Saib captures Bedmore. 1784 Treaty of peace concluded with Tippoo Saib. Pitt's India bill passes Parliament. 1785 Return of Warren Hastings to England. Succeeded by Sir John Macpherson. 1786 Lord Cornwallis appointed Governor General of India. Reform of the Company's Civil Service. 278S Declaratory Act passes parliament. Trial of Warren Hastings begins in Westminster Hall- Burke opens, Feb. 15-19; Sheridan presents charges in relation to the Begums, June 3-13. 1789 Tippoo Saib attacks Travancore, Dec. 24, and is defeated. 1790 Travancore captured and plundered by Tippoo Saib. Treaty -with Mahrattas concluded. 1791 Lord Cornwallis takes Bengalore. Tippoo routed at the battle of Arikera, May 14; Hastings begins his admirable defense. 1792 Peace concluded with Tippoo Saibo 1793 Renewal of charter of East India Company for twenty years. Pondicherry taken by the British. 1795 Warren Hastings acquitted. 1798 Marquis of Wellesley appointed Governor General. 1799 British take Seringapatam. Tippoo Saib killed, May 4. Restoration of the Mysore to the rightful Hindoo sovereign. Rajah of Tangore surrenders his power to English. MO0QQ Surrender of Surat to the British. Nizam cedes Mysore to British. IN2 Pondicherry given to France at the treaty of Amiens. The British receive further concessions. Treaty of Bassein, between the East India Company and the Peishwa, breaks up the Mahratta confederacy. 1803 The third Mahratta war; the British, under General Lake, defeat French and Mahrattas at the battle of Delhi, Sept. Battle of Assaye; Marquis of Wellesley, ' with 4,500 men, defeats 50,000 natives, Sept. 23.. General Lake takes Agra, Oct. 17. Treaty of peace with Scindia, Dec. 30. 1804 Holkar lays siege to Delhi. Gen. Frazer defeats Holkar at battle of Deeg, Nov. 13. 1805 Treaty of peace with Holkar, who cedes Bundelcund, and other territory. 180B Mutiny among Sepoys. 1807 Lord Minto, Governor General. 1808 War with Travancore. 1809 Travancore subdued; mutiny at Seringapatam. 1813 Ecclesiastical establishment formed. India trade thrown open to any British subject. 1814 Marquis of Hastings, Governor General. 1817 Mahratta confederacy dissolved. Ahmednuggur ceded to English. 'Defeat of Holkar at Mehudpore. Pindarrie war. 1818 End of Pindarrie war; peace with i-tolkar. The Peishwa surrenders and cedes the Deccan. 1[818 Oudh becomes independent. t823 Lord Amherst, Governor General. 1824 Burmese war begins" British take Rangoon, May 5. 1825 British capture Assam, Feb. 1. Burmese defeated at the battle of Prone. 1826 Battle of Pagham Mew ends Burmese Peace0 declared Feb. 24" Burmah pays $1,000,000 and cedes large territory. English take Bhurtpore. 1[828 Lord Bentinck, Governor General. 1833 The northwest provinces made a separate administration. 1835 Steam communication introduced into India. 1838 Slavery abolished in the East. 1838 Afghan war declared; Cabul captured by the British, Aug. 7. 1842 Lord Ellenborough Governor-General. 1843 Ameers of Scind defeated by Sir Charles Napier, Feb. 17. 1844 Lord Hardinge Governor-General. 1845 Danish possessions in India purchased by England. England at war with Sikhs; battle of Moodkee, Sept. 6. 1846 British victory over Sikhs at Sobraon, February. Treaty of Lasore. 1848 Lord Dalhousie Governor-General. Second Sikh war begun; Ramnuggur taken by General Gough; again defeated at Vyseerabad. 1849 The Sikh War ended with battle of Gooj erat,, Feb. 21. Sir Charles Napier becomes Commanderin-chief. Annexation of the Rajah to British dominions. 1850 Mutiny of native infantry in Bengal. 1851 Beginning of the Second Burmese war, 1852 Pegu annexed to British Empire. 1853 Close of the Second Burmese war. Burmah deprived of its seaboard provinces. First Indian railway and telegraph opened, Bombay to Tannah. Renewal, for the last time, of East India Company's charter. Bengal put under a Lieutenant-Governor. Indian Civil Service thrown open to coma petition. 1854 Ganges Canal opened. 1855 Calcutta Railway opened. Annexation of Oudh. 1856 Lord Canning appointed Governor-Gen< eral. f M5 Mutiny among native regiments at Barrackpore, Burhampore and Lucknow, S, May 6; The great Sepoy rebellion commenced at Meerut, May 10; Delhi seized by 40,000 rebels and the King proclaimed Emperor; mutinies at Cawnpore and Allahabad. Gawnpore surrendered by the British to Nana Sahib, June 25. Siege of Lucknow, begins July 1, Gen1 eral Havelock enters Cawnpore, July 17; victory over Nana Sahib, at Bitboor, July 19. Oapture of Delhi from the rebels, Sept. 20; Lucknow relieved by Havelock, Se-ot. 25. Rebels routed at Battle of Cawnpore, Dec. 6. JIM Battle of Futteghur, Jan. 2. Sir Colin Campbell captures Lucknow, March 21; Rebels defeated at Kotara, July 14; at other points subdues the rebels. An Act for the better Government of India received royal assent Aug. 21 Government takes control of India from 'the East India Company, Sept. 1. Lord Canning made first Viceroy of India. H59 Thanksgiving day in India for peace restored. *, The Punjaub is made a presidency. Pacification of Oude announced, Jan, 25. ^ 186.2 Lord Elgin appointed Viceroy of India. i 1863 Death of Lord Elgin. I Sir John Lawrence made Viceroy, ^ ^gfi-gBr^M^ Sm I I 1866 Bengal visited by a severe famine. 1868 Earl of Mayo becomes Viceroy of India. 1870 Railway between Calcutta and Bombay opened. 1872 Assassination of Lord Mayo, Feb. 8." Lord Northbrook becomes Viceroy. 1874 Terrible famine throughout Bengal. 1875 Tour of the Prince of Wales through India, arrives at Bombay, Nov. 8. 1876 Prince of Wales sails for home, March 13. Lord Lytton appointed Governor General. A terrible cyclone causes loss of 220,000 lives. Queen Victoria proclaimed, in London, Empress of India, May 1. Great famine in India, continuing nearly a year. 1877 Queen Victoria proclaimed Empress of India, at Delhi, and other great cities, Jan. 1. 1879 Massacres at Cabul. 1880 Marquis of Ripon made Governor-General of India. 1882 Riot between Hindoos and Mohammedans in the presidency of Madras. 3 International exhibition at Calcutta opened, Dec. 4. Death of Maj. Gen. Francis Mardall. 1884 Death of Keshut Chunder Sen, head of the reformed theistic sect of Hindoos, Jan. 8 Formal installation of Mir Mahbub All, Nizam of Hyderabad, by Lord Ripon. The Calcutta exhibition closed March 10. Terrible epidemic of small pox, at Madras, March 30. The Ilbert bill passes the legislative council, Calcutta, Jan. 25. Earl of Dufferin nominated to the Viceroyalty of India, Sept. 10. Lord Reay appointed governor of Bombay, Dec. 13. 1885 Indian Parcel Post inaugurated July 7. Burmese expedition, from Calcutta, for Rangoon, Nov. 1. Hostilities against Burmese begun by Lieut. Gen. Prendergast, Nov. 16. King of Burmah unconditionally surrenders, Nov. 30. India gives prompt aid to England during Afghan war. India tenders assistance to England during Russian controversy. 1888 Marquis of Lansdowne appointed Governor-General, Dec. 11. 1891 Massacre of native troops and English officers at Manifur, March 27. Defeat of the Manifurans by the English, May 5. 1893 Mints closed as to free silver by order of the Indian Council. 1899 Lord Curzon inaugurated Governor. General, Jan. 9. RUSSIA. 1768 War declared against Russia by Turkey. 1769-'84 Conquest of the Crimea. 1772 Catherine I. commences the dismemberment of Poland. 1774 Rebellion of the Cossacks. "1775 Cossacks' rebellion suppressed. 1778 Prince Potemkin becomes prime minister. 1780 Army neutrality. Russia, Sweden and Denmark declare that "free ships make free goods." 1784 Acquisition of the Crimea. 1787 "War with Turkey renewed. 1788 War with Sweden. Treaty of Warelow. 1793 Second partition of Poland. Alliance with England. 1795 Final partition of Poland between Russia, Prussia and Austria. The partition of Poland completed. 1796 Death of Catherine the Great. War with Persia. 1798 Russia joins the alliance of England and Austria against France. 1799 Suwarrow assists Austrians and checks the French in Italy. Russia forms an alliance with France. 1800 Insanity of the Emperor Paul. 1801 He is assassinated. Alexander I. becomes emperor; he makes peace with England. - 1805 Russia joins the coalition against France, Battle of Austerlitz; Napoleon defeats the allies, Dec. 2. 1807 Treaty of Tilsit; peace with France. 1809 The Turks defeat the Russians nea Silistria. 1812 War with France. 7 Napoleon invades Russia. Battle of Smolensko, Aug. 17; Russians defeated.I Battle of the Borodino, Sept. 7; Russians defeated. Burning of Moscow by the Russians, Sept. 14. Retreat of the French. 1813 Battle of Leipzig, and defeat of Napoleon. 1814 Downfall of Napoleon. The Emperor Alexander enters Paris, with the allies, in triumph. 1815 The Emperor' Alexander organizes the "Holy Alliance," between Russia, Austria and Prussia. Alexandria proclaimed King of Poland. 1822 The Grand Duke Constantine renounces his right to the throne. 1825 Death of the Emperor Alexander. Insurrection of troops at Moscow. 1826 The Emperor Nicholas crowned at M0hCOWo Wvar with Persia. 1827 The Emperor Nicholas visits England. 1829 Peace with Persia. War with Turkey, Russians genera|l victorious, begins April 26. 1829 Peace of Adrianople with Turkey. 1830 Polish war of independence begins. 1831 Wrarsaw taken by the Russians, and the insurrection crushed, Sept., Oct. 1832 The emperor decrees that Poland shaXl henceforth form an integral part of the Russian Empire. 1840 Failure of the Khivan Expedition. Treaty of London signed by Russia. 1841 War with Circassians. 1848 Russia aids Austria in suppressing the Hungarian Revolution. 1849 Russia demands that Polish and Hungarian exiles be expelled from Turkey. 1856 Conspiracy against the life of the emperor detected. Harbor of Sebastopol completed. Exiles sent to Kouish, Asia Minor. 1852 Visit of the emperor to Vienna. 1853 Commencement of the quarrel with Turkey about the "Holy Places." Army sent to Turkish frontier. Conference of the great powers. War declared by Turkey, Oct. 5. English and French fleets enter the BoS. phorus, Nov. 2. 1854 Allies enter the Black Sea. Battle of Citate, Jan. 6; Russians defeated. Ultimatum of France and England m.answered by Russia, Treaty between England, France and Turkey, March 12. Bombardment of Odessa, April 22. Siege of Silistria, May 17. Siege of Silistria raised, jun'e 26. Capture of Bomarsund, Aug. 16. Russia evacuates the principalities. Battle of the Alma, Sept. 20; victory of the allies. Siege of Sebastopol begins, Oct. 17. 1854 Battle of Balaklava, Oct. 25. Battle of inkermann, Nov. 5. Death of the Emperor Nicholas, March 2I Alexander II. Emperor. 1855 Sortie of Malakoff tower, March 22. Russians evacuate Anapa, June 5o Kars invested, July 15. Capture of Malakoff tower by the French, Sept. 8. Death of Lord Raglan. The Russians evacuate Sebastopol and retire to their works on the north side of the harbor; destruction of the Russian fleet, Sept. Russian assault on Kars fails. Battle of the Ingour; defeat of Russians by Turks, Nov. 6. Kars surrendered to Russians, Nov. 26. 1856 Council of war at Paris, Jan. 11. Amnesty granted to Poles, May 27; to political offenders, Sept. 7. Suspension of hostilities in the Crimea, Feb. 29. Treaty of peace at Paris, March 30. Close of the war. Crimea evacuated July 9. Alexander II. crowned at Moscow, Sept. 2. 1858 Partial emancipation of the serfs on the imperial domains. 1857 Mveeting 0o the 'Emperors at Stuttgara-m and Weimar. 1859 Russia censures the warlike movements of the Germanic Confederation during the Franco-Italian war. Treaty with Great Britain. 1860 Commercial treaty with China. 1861 Insurrection in Poland begins. The Emperor issues a decree providing for the total emancipation of the serfs throughout the empire in two years; 23,000,000 serfs freed. Students' riots throughout the empire. 1862 The insurrection in Poland becomes general; it is quelled with great severity. Trial by jury granted. Increased privileges granted to the Jews. Serfdom in the empire ended. War with Asiatic nations. 1864 The war in the Caucasus ended. 1865 Death of the Czarowitch Nicholas, at Nice, April 24. ' New province of Turkestan in Central Asia created. 1866 Attempt by Karakosoff to assassinate the Czar, Sept. 15. Diplomatic quarrel with Rome. Marriage of Prince Alexander. 186V Russian America, Alaska, sold to the United States for $7,000,000. Attempted Assassination of the Czar, in Paris, by a Pole. 1868 Amnesty granted for political offenses. Poland disappears from map of empire. ""1869 Socialistic conspiracies among Prusslaij students. 1870 Neutrality in Franco-Prussian war declared. Gortschakoff repudiates treaty of 1866, as regards the Black Sea. 1871 Conference of the powers, at London, abrogates the Black Sea clauses. Many socialists imprisoned throughout the empire. 1873 Expedition against Khiva, which surrenders June 10. Visit of the Emperor of Germany to Russia. Visit of the Shah of Persia. New treaty with the Khan of Bokhara. 1874 Marriage of the Emperor's daughter to the Duke of Edinburgh. Visit of the Emperor to Germany and England. 1875 The island of Saghalien ceded to Russia by Japan. Japan cedes the Kurile Isles to Russia. War with Kholand. - Baltic provinces incorporated into the empire. - 1876 " Russia encourages the insurgents in the Turki-sh provinces of Servia and Bulgaria. Capture of Khokan. Conquest of Khiva completed. 1877 Russia declares war against Turkey, Melikoff enters Armenia and seizes Bay~ azid, April 30. Russians defeated at Batoum, May 4. Melikoff storms Ardaban, May 17. Investment of Kars, June 3. Passage of the Danube by the Grand Duke Nicholas, June 22-27. Capture of Tirnova, July 8.,, Plevna occupied, July 6; retaken by Turks, July 30;: great defeat of Russians by Mukhtar Pasha. 1877 The capture of Nicopolis by the Russians, The Russians occupy the Shipka Pass,-- July 19. Severe fighting in the Shipka Pass, July 19, Dec. 31. Russian attack on Plevna partly suceeessful Sept., 7-11. yreat Russian victory at Aladja Dagh. Capture of Ears by the Russians,Withgreat slaughter, Nov. 18. Capture of Etropol by the Russians. Capture of Plevna and Osman Pasha's arnag by. the Russians, Dec. 10. Emperor returns to St. Petersburg, Dec. 21 Erzeroum invested, Dec. 24. Gen. Gourko crosses the Balkans, De. 31. 1878 Russians occupy Sofia, Jan. 4. Servians defeated, Jan. 7. Capture of the Shipka Pass, by the Russians, Jan. 8, 9. Batoum attacked without success by the Russians.". Russians occupy Philippolis, Jan. 16. Russian occupation of Adrianople, Jan. 20. British fleet enters the Dardanelles, Jan. 25. Erzeroum evacuated by the Turks, Feb. 21. Treaty of peace signed at San Stefano. Skobeleff and Radetzky capture Turkish army in Asia Minor. Conference of powers at Berlin, June 13. Treaty of Berlin signed, July 13. 17 Final treaty with Turkey, signed Feb. 8. Solovieff attempts to assassinate the Czar, April 14. Nihilists at Kieff and Odessa convicted. Attempt on the Czar's life by mining railway, Dec. 1. Discovery of plot to blow up the Winter Palace, Dec. 12. IM Explosion under diningroom of Winter Palace. Several soldiers killed and wounded, Feb. 17. Arrest of Hartmann, at Paris, Feb. 20. Gen. Melikoff made virtual dictator, Feb. 24. Prance refuses extradition of Hartmann. Nihilists convicted at St. Petersburgh and Kieff. SAssassination of Alexander 11., by bombs thrown at his carriage, March 13; one assassin killed by explosion, another seized. Accession of Alexander III., w howa not crowned until 1882, on account o fear of assassination. Trial of Nihilists, April 8. Russakoff, Sophie Pieoffsky, Jelaboff and others, condemned to death. Ireaty of peace with China. Resignation of Gen. Melikoff, May 13. Manifesto of Gen, Ignatieff, May 23. Counter manifesto of Nihilists. New Nihilist plot discovered, November. 1382 Retirement of Prince Gortsmhakvoff. Anti-Jewish riots, Pan-Slavist speech of Gen. Skobeleff, at Paris. Death of Gen. Skobeleff, July 6. 1883 Accident to the Czar while hunting, Dec. 10. CoL Souderkin, chief of Police, assassinated by Nihilists, Dec. 28. Coronation of Alexander III., Czar of all the Russias, Aug. 27. 1884 Anti-Jewish riot, resulting in the death of many persons, June 19. Great fire in Moscow, Oct. 29. Marriage of Duke Sergius to Princess Elizabeth of Hesse, June 15. 1885 Attack of the Russians, under Gen. Komaroff, on Afghan positions near Murghat. 1893 Jews expelled from the Asiatic provinces. Prince Korsakoff, an eminent statesman, died, April 28. 1894 Alexander III., Czar of all Russia, died and was succeeded by Nicholas II. 1895 Russia assists China in procuring money to pay war indemnity to Japan and secures considerable advantages on the Pacific coast. 1905 Labor riots at St. Petersburg, 1,500 killed Jan. 22. Gen. Stoessel surrendered Port Arthur to Gen. Nogi, Jan. 2. TURKEY. 1770 Rebellion of Ali Bey suppressed, in Egypt. 1774 Abdul Hamid becomes Sultan. 1784 Crimea ceded to Russia. 1787 War with Russia and Austria; defeat of the Turks. 1788 Selim III., Sultan of Turkey. 1798 The French, under Napoleon, invade Egypt. 1799 Battle of Aboukir; French victorious. 1801 The English aid the Turks; Napoleon forced to retreat. 1803 Insurrection of Mamelukes at Cairo. 1806 Mehemet Ali becomes Pasha in Egypt. 1807 War with England and Russia. British fleet passes the Dardanelles. Mustapha IV., Sultan., 1808 Mahmoud II., Sultan. 1811 Massacre of Mamelukes; Mehemet becomes supreme. 1812 Treaty of Bucharest; Pruth made fron-. tier of Turkey and Russia. 1815 Discoveries of Belzonia, in Egypt. 1821 Insurrection -in Moldavia and Wallachia; independence of Greece secured. 1824 Turks defeated at Mitylene. 1827 Battle of Navarino; Turkish fleet destroyed. 1828 War with Russia; surrender at Anapa, June 23. Bajazet taken Sept. 9. ^ s Varna occupied by Russians, Oct. 11. 1829 Battle of Shumla. Russians take Erzeroum and enter Adrianople; treaty of peace, Sept. 14. 1831 Revolt of Mehemet All. Battle of Konieh; Egyptians defeat Turks. Egypt invades Syria. 1832 Battle of Konieh; disastrous defeat of Turks. 1833 Russians enter Constantinople; offensive and defensive treaty with Russia. Treaty of Kutayah. Rebellion in Egypt suppressed. 1839 Abdul Medjid becomes Sultan. A second revolt of Mehemet All. Battle of Nezib; Ibrahim Mehemet, Alt's son, defeats the Turks. 1840 England, Russia, Austria, and Prussia aid Turkey. Battle of Beyrout;. Egyptians defeated. 1841 Treaty with Egypt. - Mehemet Ali made Viceroy, but deprived of Syria. 1847 New system of education introduced. 1849 Turkey refuses to surrender Polish refugees; refusal sustained by England. 185-1 Rebellion of Croatia. 1852 Treaty with France regarding the "Holy Places." 1853 A large Russian army crosses the Pruth. Turkey declares war; approved by the great powers, England, France, Austria and Prussia. 1854 Crimean war; allied fleets enter the Black Sea, Jan. 4. Russia refuses intervention, March 19. Treaty with England and France. The allied powers guarantee Turkish integrity. Allied fleets bombard Odessa, and blockade the Danube. Allies overcome Russians at Giurgero. Turks defeated at Bayazid; see Russia. 1855 Battle at Kars, Russians defeated; Turks, under Omar Pasha, win a great victory at the Ingour, Nov. 6; allies take Kars, Nov. 26. 1856 Suspension of hostilities, awaiting negotiations for peace, Feb. 29. Treaty of peace signed, at Paris, April 29.* The2' Crimea evacuated, July 9. Independence of Turkey guaranteed. 1858 Conflict with Montenegrins. Christians massacred at Jedda. Montenegrin boundaries determined. Suez Canal begun by De Lesseps. 1859 Great fire at Constantinople. Conspiracy against the Sultan. 1860 Druse and Maronite War. MaSsacre of Christians at Damascus. Convention of Great Powers. 1861--Abdul-Aziz Sultan. \ ".- Insurrection in Herzegovina and MonStenegro. 1862 0ma:r Pasha invades Montenegro. Servians demand their independence. 1863 Death of Said Pasha; Ismail Pasha becomes Viceroy of Egypt. 1864 Arabian rebellion suppressed by Egypt. 1865 Suez Canal opened in part. 1866 Revolt in Candia. Cretan Greeks revolt against the Turks. 3.867 The Khedive of Egypt, Viceroy, visits France and England.:1869 Suez Canal inaugnrated. 187G Sir Samuel Baker sent to suppress slave trade. 1872 Baker returns, after considerable suc cess. 1873 By the Sultan's firman the Khedive of Egypt becomes independent in most points. 1874 Circular letter to the Powers, protesting against treaties with Turkish tributaries. 1875 Insurrection in Herzegovina and Bosnia. Bosnians victorious at the, battle of Gatschko. Unsuccessful Abyssinian expedition. British government purchases Suez Canal stock. 1876 War with Abyssinia; the Egyptian debt consolidated. Battle of Trebinge, indecisive. Germany, Austria and Russia demand reform in Turkish tributaries. Bulgaria revolts against Turkish rule. Suicide or murder of Sultan Abdul-Aziz. Montenegro and Servia declare war against Turkey. Murad V., Sultan, May 30th; accession 0! Abdul-Hamid II. Defeat of the Servians at Alexinatz. Conference of Great Powers about Turkish affairs. 1877 Treaty of peace with Abyssinia, made by Col. Gordon. Turkey rejects proposals of the Great Powers. Midhat Pasha banished. War with Russia declared. Hostilities with Montenegro. Russians cross the Danube, June 23; Nicopolis surrendered to Russia; slight Turkish success in Armenia; Plevna abandoned, July 6; recaptured, July 28; terrific battles in the Shipka Pass, August 21-28; Russians repulsed at Plevna, Sept. 7-11; immense losses cn both sides; relief of Plevna, Sept. 22, by Chefket Pasha; retreat of Turks, Sept. 24; removal of Mehemet Ali as Commander-in-chief; Suleiman Pasha appointed; Mukhtar Pasha gains Turkish victories in Armenia; total defeat of Mukhtar Pasha at battle of AladiaDagh, Oct. 15; Russians take Kars by storm, Nov. 18; surrender of Plevna, Dec. 10. 1878 Erzeroum evacuated, Sept. 17; complete defeat of Turkey; preliminary treaty of peace signed, March 3. Conference by the Powers at Berlin, to settle Turkish question. Treaty of Berlin ratified, Aug. 3. Great Britain, July 3, secures Cyprus. 1879 Final treaty with Russia signed, Feb. 8. Russians evacuate Turkey. England demands reforms in Turkey. Nubar Pasha resigns. The Khedive deposed by the Sultan, June 26. His son Tewfik succeds him. 1880 The Powers protest regarding delay in executing' provisions of Berlin treaty. Great naval demonstration. Cession of Dulcigno, Nov. 26. 1881 Conference of the Powers at Constantinople. Midhat Pasha, and others, tried for murder of Abdul-Aziz; and condemned to death; their sentence commuted to exile. Decree of abolition of slavery in Egypt. 1882 The Porte declines to enter conference of Powers regarding Egypt, but subsequently yields. Remonstrates with England for intended bombardment of Alexandria. Dervish Pasha sent as envoy to Egypt. Turkey declines to send troops to Egypt, but, after the bombardment, consents. Arabi Pasha sentenced to banishment to Ceylon for life, Dec. 3. Prayers offered in Mosques of Cairo for the Queen of England as the "Mirror of Justice," Dec. 13. Arabi Pasha, Egyptian Minister of War, heads opposition to the Khedive. Alleged conspiracy against Arabi Pasha, Minister of War, leads to international complications. English and French fleets appear at Alexandria, May. On June 11, a riot breaks out in Alexandria, the natives killing 340 Europeans. The Powers called upon to aid the Khedive. Arabi erects fortifications, and threatens to blow up the Suez Canal. Admiral Seymour takes command of English forces, and orders Arabi to cease fortifying; he refuses. Bombardment of Alexandrian forts, July 12; they are destroyed by the English fleets. Arabi Pasha retreats into the country under cover of a flag of truce. The Khedive declares him a rebel. Gen. Sir Garnet Wolsley arrives at Alexandria, Aug. 15, with English troops. Ramleh fortified. Skirmish between Egyptians and the English. The joint fleet sails to Aboukir under sealed orders; then proceeds to Port Said; reached Ismailia. The English occupy the Suez Canal. Arabs attack the British at Kassassin, and are repulsed with heavy loss. Battle of Tel-el-Kebir in which tho whole Egyptian army is routed, Sept. 13. Zagazig occupied. Kafr-el-Dwar surrenders. Cairo opens its gates~ Arabi Pasha and 10,000 troops surrender unconditionally. End of the war, Sept. 15. 1883 Total destruction of Hicks Pasha and his army in the Soudan, Nov. 3. 1884 Resignation of Egyptian ministry of Sherif Pasha, Jan. 7. Gen. C. G. Gordon leaves England for Egypt en route for Kartoum, Jan. 18. Defeat of Baker Pasha near Tokar, Feb. 4. Gen. Gordon arrives at Kartoum, Feb. 18. Surrender of Tokar to the rebels under Osman Digna, Feb. 22. Defeat of the rebels at Tet, by Gen. Graham, Feb. 29. Tokar relieved by Gen. Grahaam, March 2. Osman Pasha defeated by Gen. Graham at Tamasi, March 13. Egyptian troops meet with reverse at Kartoum, March 16. Third conference of the Great Powers upon Egyptian finances, Aug. 2. 1885 General Stewart's forces reach Gakdul, Egypt, -Jan. 12. Battle of Abu Klea, victory of British forces, Jan. 17. British victory near Metammeh. Gen. Stewart wounded, Jan. 19. Fall of Kartoum. Jan. 26. Death of Gen. Gordon, Jan. 2%, produces intense excitement in London. The Italian fiag,%hoisted with that of Egypt, at Massowah, Feb 8. British victory near Dulka Island, death of Gen. Earl, Feb. 10. The Muder of Dongola decorated by Lord Wolseley. Terrific fighting near Suakim, March 22. Death of Mahdi Mohammed Achmed, June 29. Revolution in Eastern Roumelia~ Prince Alexander of Bulgaria, Governor,Sept. 18. Meeting of Ambassadors, at Constantinople, on the Eastern crisis, Oct. 4. 1888 First through train from Paris to Constantinople, Aug. 3. 1889 Egyptian Dervish Army routed, Aug. 3. Turkish forces occupy Crete, Aug. 30. 1890 Turkish man-of-war Ertogroul founders at sea, 500 lives lost, Sept. 19. 1894 Insurrection in Armenia, and great massacre of Christians at Sassoun. 1895 Riot in Constantinople and massacre of Armenian Christians in that city. Great powers of Europe demand reforms from the Sultan and protection for his Christian subjects. Change in the Ministry, Nov. 7. 1905 The Porte refused to authorize street sales of Bibles, Jan, 2. 1770 Greek insurgents assisted by Russia. They are defeated by the Turks. Rebellion of Suliot suppressed. 1803 Turks put down second Suliot rebel.lion, which was incited by the French. 1821 Revolt of Ipsylanti, Peloponnesus gafnW by the Greeks. 1822 Independence of Greece. Terrible massacre at Scio. 1823 lational Congress at Argos. Death of Marco Bozzaris. 1824 Death of Lord Byron at 7NissolonghL Ipsara destroyed by the Turks. 1826 Siege of Missolonghi; capitulates to the Turks. 1827 Turkish army takes Athena Interference of foreign powers rejected by Turkey. Battle of Navarino; the allied British, Copyright. 1905* by Geo. A. Ogle & Co.

Page  129 r^ ~ ~ ^ l..,i.,lni~i.,,~.__ - - --..ll....~i.i~ii.i.* _~..... __ ^^ ^^ ^ 11^ ^ 1,^ ^^ ^._______________SUPPLEMENT____________________ I French and Russian fleets defeat the Turks and Egyptians. Independence of Greece establishec-, 1828 The Turks evacuate the AMorea. 1829 Turkey surrenders ilissolonghi. Treaty of Hadrianople. 1831 President D'Istria assassinated. 1833 Accession of Otho 1. 1843 Insurrection in Athens; National Assembly; new constitution adopted. 1850 Pireus blockaded by a British -fleet. England demands indemnity for injury to British subjects. French intervention sought. Greece forced to yield. 1854 Revolt of Albanians. English and French occupy Greece. Neutrality in Russo-Turkish 'war declared. 1857 Greece evacuated by the French and English. 1862 Serious insurrections in Greece. Otho 1. forced to leave Greece. Prince Alfred, of England, declared King. Austria declares for Otho I. 1863 National Assembly declares Alfred elected King. England refuses to allow his accession. Prince William, of Denmark, elected King, March 18, and becomes King George L, Nov. 2, 1863, new. Constitution adopted. 1867 King George I. married to Princess Olga, of Russia. 1870 Trouble -with the brigands, -who kill many English prisoners. 1875 Neutrality observed in Herzegoviinian insurrection. 1876 Declares for neutrality in Servian war. 1878 Thessalians aided by Greeks against the Turks. 1880 Berlin conference considers question of Greek and Turkish frontiers. 1881 Convention with Turkey, July 2. Thessaly ceded to Greece. '1884 Serious fire at royal palace, Athens, Aug. 5. 1889 Princess Sophie of Russia and the Crown Prince married, October 27.' 1890 Greek Ministry resigns, October 28. 1891 Prof. Waldstein discovers rare jewels in the ruins of Erdtria, March.. 1893 Ministry resigned May 1-0, and -succeeded by a new Cabinet, with M. Tricoupis as premier, Nov. 11. ITALY, 1775 Death of Pope Clement XIV. and elevation of Pio VI. 1796-'97 Bonaparte's first victories in Italy. f797 Treaty of Campo Formio. France and Austria divide the Venetian States. The Cis-Alpine republic founded. 1798 Second invasion of the French. Pope Pius VI. deposed by Bonaparte. 1799 Defeat of the French at Trebia, by the Russians, under Suwarrow. 1800 Death of Pio VI.; Pio VII. Pope. Bonaparte crosses the Alps. Battle of Marengo, June 24; total defeat of Austrians. 1802 The Cis-Alpine republic remodled as the Italian republic; Bonaparte President. 1805 Napoleon crowned King of Italy, May 26. Eugene Deauharnois made Viceroy of Italy. 1806 The Treaty of Prosburg deprives Austria of her -Italian possessions. 1814 Downfall of Napoleon. Overthrow of the Kingdom of Italy. 1815 Establishment of the Lombardo-Venetian Kingdom for Austria. Genoa added to the Sardinian crown. 1823 Death of Pope Pio VII.; Leo XII. becomes Pope. 1829 Death of Leo XII.; Pio VIII. becomes Pope. 1831 Death of Pope Pio VIII., and elevation of Gregorio XVI. Death of Carlo Felix, and --.linguishnient of the direct male li^of the House of Savoy. The crown falls to Prince Carlo Alberto. The "Young State Party" formed "by Mazzini. Insurrection in Central Italy. 1837 King Charles Albert, of Sardinia, promaulgates a new Code. 1846 Death of Pope Gregorio XVI.; Pius IX. becomes Pope. 1848 The King of Sardinia grants a Constitution and openly espouses the cause of Italian regeneration against Austria. Insurrection in Lombardy and Venice against Austrian powier; revolt is supported by the King of Sardinia. The Pope supports the movement for Italian independence, June. War between Sardinia and Austria. Lombardy annexed to Sardinia, June 29. Revolution at Rome; flight of the Pope to.Gaeta. 1849 The Sardinians, after repeated reverses, are totally defeated by the Austrians at Novara, March 23. Close of the war, and recovery of Lombardy by Austria. Carlo Alberto abdicates in favor of his son, Victor Emmanuel II., March 23; dies July 28. The Roman republic formed. Rome captured by the French army, under Marshal Oudinot. The republic overthrown, and the Pope restored. 1850 Ecclesiastical jurisdictions abolished in Sardinia. Arrest of the Archbishop of Turin. 1851 Count Cavour Minister of Foreign Affairs. 1853 Revolt in Milan subdued. 1855 Sardinia joins the alliance of France, England and Turkey against Russia, and takes part in the Crimean war. 1856 Unsuccessful revolt in Sicily. 1857 Diplomatic rupture between Sardinia and Austria. 1L859 Quarrel between Sardinia anaL Austria, caused by former power refusing to disarm. France espouses the cause of Sardinia, and sends an armny to her assistance. May A0 -31;- __ agenta, -June-4- - A - - O Alliance between Tuscany, Modena, Parma and the Romagna formed, Oct. 10. Peace of Zurich, Nov. 10; part of t-he Papal States and the Duchies of Parma and Modena ceded to Sardinia. The Emperor Napoleon advises the Pope to give up his revolted States, Dec. 31. 1860 The Pope refuses the Emperor's proposal and denounces him, Jan. 8. 1 A new ministry formed by Ciavour, Jan. 16. | Tuscany, Parma, Modena and the Ro magna vote for annexation to Sardinia, March 9. Savoy and Nice ceded to France by Sardinia. The French troops leave Italy in May., Garibaldi lands in Sicily,' May 11. Declares himself Dictator, and drives the Neapolitans from Sicily in the battles of Calatifinni and Melazzo, July 20. He invades Naples 'with his little army, Sept. 7. Insurrection in the Papal States in September. Sardinian army enters themn, and defeats the Papal troops, Sept. 18, and takes Ancona, Sept. 29. The Sardinian army, under -the King, enters the Neapolitan territory; defeats the Neapolitans, at Iseraia, Oct. 17. Garibaldi defeats the Neapolitans, at the Volturna, Oct. 1. Meets Victor Emmanuel, Oct. 26, and salutes him as "King of Italy." Sicily and Naples vote for annexation to Sardinia, Oct. 21. Victor Emmanuel enters Naples as King, N ov. 7. Garibaldi resigns the Dictatorship and retires to Caprera. 1861 The first Italian Parliament assemble% Feb. 18. Parliament decrees Victor. Emmanuel "King of Italy," Feb. 26. The new kingdom recognized by England, March 31. The Pope protests against the new kingdom, April 15. Death of Cavour, June 6. Unsuccessful revolt in Calabria, by Jose Borges, in the interest of Francis II. 1862 Ratazzi forms a -new ministry. Naples declared in a state of siege. Ratazzi's ministry overthrown and a new one formed by Farina. Garibaldi endeavors to wrest Rome from the Pope. He is made prisoner at Aspromo~nte, by the Italian army. 1863 Commercial treaties with France and Great Britain. 1864 Treaty with France for the evacuation of Rome by the French in February, 1867. Transfer of the Capital from Turin to Florence. 1865 Bank of Italy established. New Parliament meets at Florence. The insurrections at Turin suppressed. Brigands cause much trouble. 1866 The Austro-Italian war begins. Alliance with Prussia. Italy declares war against Austria, June Italians cross the Mincio, June 23. Battle of Custoza, June 24, and defeat of the Italians by the Archduke Albrecht. Battle of Lissa. Defeat of the Italian fleet,' July 20. Peace of Prague, Aug. 23; Eastern Lombardy and Venetia added to the Kingdom. Treaty of Nicholsburg, Aug, 26; close of the war. Cession of Venetia to the Italian kingdom. King Victor Emmanuel enaters Venice. Nov. 7. * 1867 Insurrection in the Papal $tates. Garibaldi placed under ari'est. The French enter Rome. Garibaldi defeated at Merntana. 1868 Railway over Mont Cenii; opened. Crown Prince Humbert marries Princess Margherita. 1869 Ecumenical Council held at Rome. Severe earthquake at Florence. 1870 Dogma of Infallibility proclaimed by the Council. ence to Rome, July. Opening of the Mt. Cenis Tunnel. 1872 Death of AMazzini. Great eruption of Mount Vesuvius. Serious inundations throughout the peninsula. 1873 Suppression of the convents at Rome. Expulsion of Jesuits from Italy. 1874 General assembly of free Christain churches in Italy. Brigands' cause great trouble. The government suppresses the Camorra's. S1875 Visit of the Emperors of Austria and SGermany to the King of Italy. Garibaldi takes oath of allegiance to the government, and becomaes a member of the Chamber of Deputies. Ratification of a treaty of commerce with Great Britain. Six new cardinals appointed. 187G Italy and anti-Turkish in the eastern question. Attempted assassination of King Humbert, Nov. 7. 1177 The celebrated "Antonelli" case dismissed. 1878 Death of Victor Emmanuel, Jan. 9. Attempted assassination of King Humbert I., Nov. 17. Death of Pope Plus IX., Feb. 7. Leo XIII. elected Pope, Feb. 20. 1880 Elections favorable to the ministry of Cairoli. The monster ironclad Italia successfully launched. Resignation of Garibaldi as Deputy, and retirement to Genoa. 1881 Cairoli ministry overthrown and a new one founded by Depretio. Reform Bill passed by the Senate, Dec. 21. 1882 Electoral law passed. Death of Garibaldi, June 2. 1883 Discovery of site. of the celebrated. Antrium, at Rome, Nov. 6. 1884 The cholera rages in Naples. 1889 Statue of Bruno unveiled at Rome, June *1890 Statue of Victor Emmanuel unveiled, Sept. 20, 1891 Crispi Resigns the Premiership and Rudini appointed, Feb. 9. Baron Fava, Minister to the United States, recalled, March 30. 1893 Pope Leo XIII. celebrates his 83d birthday. King Humbert and Queen Margaret celebrate their silver wedding. 1900 King Humbert assassinated, July 29. Coronation of King Victor Emmnanu~el.113 Aug. 11. 1904 Death of Pope Leo XIII.. Pius X elected Pope, SPA INo 1767 Jesuits expelled from the kingdom. 1771 Falkland Islands ceded to England. 1775 War with Portugal resumed. 1777 War with England renewed. France and Spain besiege Gibraltar. 1783 England codes Balsaric Isles to Spaini at peace of Versailles. 1794 French invade Spain. 1796 War again with England. 1-797 Battle of Cape St. Vincent; defeat of the Spanish fleet, Feb. 14. 1800O Spain cedes Parma to France. 1801 Treaty with Portugal at Badajos. Treaty of Madrid with France. 1802 Treaty -with England at Amiens. 1.804 Renewed war with England. 1805 Battle of Trafalgar, Oct. 21; total defeat of French and Spanish fleets by English, under Nelson. 1807 Invasion of Spain by the French.: Treaty of Fountalnebleau. 1808 Territory -demanded by France. Spanish fortress seized. The French take Madrid. Charles IV. abdi-cates in favor of Napoleon, May 1. Massacre of 200 French in Madrid, May 2. Napoleon assembles the notables at Bayonne, May 25. Ferdinand VII. abdicates. Napoleon I. gives crown to his brother Joseph Bonaparte, who enters Madrid, July 12, but is driven out, July 29. The French defeated at Vim..-.era, Aug. 921, by the English. Battle of Logrono; defeat of the patriots. Battle of Durange; the French victorious. The French retake Madrid, and restore King Joseph Bonaparte, Dec. 2. Napoleon enters M adrid, Dec. 4. 1809 Battle of Corunna and death of Moore, Jan. 16. Sudrrender of Sara.gossa. Spain entered by Sir Arthur Wellesley, who crosses the Douro. Defeat of the French at Tulavera., July 28. ' Spanish defeated at Ocana., Nov. 12. Severe battle of Mdolinos del Rey, Dec. 21. 1810 Granada, Seville and Atsorga seized by the French. Capture of Ciudad-Rodrigo by Marshal Noy, July 10. 1811 Wellington defeats the French at Fuentes d'Onoro, May 6, and at Albuera, may 16. Tarragora taken by Suchet. King Joseph returns to Madrid. Spanish defeated by Soult at Lorca. 1812 Wellingnton victorious at Ciudad-Rodrigo, Jan. 19. IBadajoz stormed and carried, April 6. Defeat of the French at Salamanca, July 1813 English, under Wellington, occupy Madrid. English successful at Castella, April 13; Vittoria, June 21, and Pyrenees, July 28. The French driven out of Spain, Wellington crossing the Bidasoa and. follows them into France. 1814 Ferdinand VII. restored. 1817 The slave trade abolished for a compensation. 1820 Revolution under Nunez del Riego. begins in January. Ferdinand swears to the constitution of the Cortes..1823 The Cortes remove the king to Seville, and thence to Cadiz, March. Intervention of France in behalf of the king. French army enters Spain, April 7. Cadiz invested, June 25. Battle of the Trocadero, Aug. 31. Rebels defeated and the revolutiom crushed. The king again restored. Execution of Riego and the patriot leaders. S1828 The. French evacuate Cadiz.!1829 Cadiz proclaimed a free port. I1830 The S~alique law abolished. i1833 Death of Ferdinand VII.; his queen assumes the government as Regent during the minority of her daughter, IsabelaT gent during the young Queen's minority, Insurrection in favor of Christina quelled. 1842 Insurrection at Barcelona against Espartero; he bombards the city, Dec. 3, and receives its surrender, Dec. 4. 1813 Uprising against Espartero at Barcelona, Corunna, Seville and other points. Bombardment of Seville, July 21. Defeat of Espartero. 1845 Don Carlos assigns his claims to his son. Isabella 11., 13 years old, is declared, by the Cortes, to be of age. Narvaez, a friend of Queen Christina, is made commander of the army. 1846 Marriage of Queen Isabella to her cousin, Don Francisco d' Assiz, Duke of Cadiz. Marriage of the Infanta to the Duke de Montpensier, son of the King of France. Protest of England against these marriages. 1847 Attempt by La Riva to assassinate the Queen. Espartero restored to power. 1848 The British Envoy ordered to quit Madrid within 48 hours. 1850 Birth of the Queen's first child; it dies immediately. Attempt of Lopez to wrest Cuba from Spain. 1851 Opening of the Madrid-Aranjuez railway. 1852 Merino, a Franciscan monk, attempts to kill the Queen, and slightly wounds her with a dagger. 1853 Narvaez exiled to Vienna. 1854 Espartero organizes a military insurrection at Saragossa and succeeds in making himself prime minister. The queen-mother impeached, and. com-. pelled to quit Spain. 1855 Death of Don Carlos. 1856 Insurrection at Valencia. Espartero resigns. A new cabinet formed, headed by Marshal O'Donnell. Insurrection in Madrid quelled by the government. Disbandment of the national guard. Insurrection at Barcelona and Saragossa quelled by O'Donnell, as Dictator. O'Donnell forced to resign. Navaez is made prime minister. 1857 Birth of the prince royal. 1859 War with Morocco. O'Donnell commands the army in Africa. 1860 Moors defeated at Tetuan and Guadelras. Treaty of peace signed, March 26. Unsuccessful efforts of Ortega to overthrow the Queen and make the Count de Montemolin king, as Charles VI. Ortega shot, April 19. The Emperor Napoleon III. proposes to recognize Spain as a first-class power. The project abandoned, owing to the refusal of England. 1861 The annexation of St. Domingo to Spain ratified. Spain joins England and France in the Mexican expedition. 1863 Don Juan de Bourbon. renounces his right (to the throne. O'Donnell resigns the premiership. Insurrection in St. Domingo. 1864 Spanish quarrels with Peru. General Prim exiled for conspiracy. I 1864 Narvaez again becomes prime minister. He advises the relinquishment of St. Domingo; Queen Isabella refuses. Christina returns to Spain. 1865 Peace with Peru, which is compelled to pay a heavy indemnity. Queen Isabella orders the sale of the crown lands, and gives three-fourths to the nation. Spain relinquishes St. Domingo. Quarrel with Chili, followed by war. Kingdom of Italy recognized by Spain; insurrection, headed by General Prim. 1.866 General Prim lays down his arms, and insurgents enter Portugal. O'Donnell resigns, and Narvaez forms a new ministry. The Cortes dismissed by the Queen. Spain formally recognizes and forms a treaty with the republics of Guatemala, Honduras, Salvador, Costa Rica and1 Nicarauga. 1867 Revolt in Catalonia and Aragon suppressed. 1868 The Queen grants general amnesty. Death of Narvaez. Murrillo becomes prime minister. Revolution led by Prim and Serrano, Sept. 17; revolution successful, and ministry resigns., Queen Isabella takes refuge in France, and is deposed. Provisional government organized at Madrid, by Prim, Serrano and Olozaga,, Oct. S. Religious freedom, liberty of the press, and universal suffrage granted by new government, Oct. 26. Revolts at different points suppressed. The United States government recognizes the provisional government. 1869 Efforts to find a king for Spain. Serrano elected Regent, June 15..Prim becomes prime minister. Outbreaks of the Carlists and republicans suppressed. 1870 Espartero declines the Spanish crown. Isabella abdicates in favor of her son Alfonso; it is offered to Prince Leopold, of Germany, who refuses it. Amadeus, son of the King of Italy, elected king by the Cortes, Nov. 16. Amadeus lands at Carthagena, Dec. SO. Marshal Prim assassinated, Dec. 29. 1871 Amadeus enters -Madrid, Jan. 2. Serra~no forms a new ministry, Jan. 5. The Cortes dissolved, Nov. 25. Insurrection in Cuba. 1872 Resignation of the ministry. Carlist -war begins. Serrano enters Navarre; defeats the Carlists at Oroquita. Attempt to assassinate the King and Queen, July 19. Suppression of Carlist and. republican UPrisings. 1873 Abdication of King Amadeus. Republic proclaimed. Defeat of the Carlists at various points. Don Carlos enters Spain, July 13. Cadiz surrenders to him, July 31. Castelar President of the Cortes. The I'Virginius" affair. 1874 Coup d'Etat. Marshal Serrano President and Commander of the army. Overthrow of the Tepublic. Alfonso XIII. proclaimed king by troops, Dec. 30.,U75 King Alfonso lands at Barcelona, Jail. 9. Vittoria taken from Carlists. July 9. 1876 Surrender of Bilbao, Feb. 5. Defeat of Carlists at Durango, and surrender at Pamplona, Feb. 26. Don Carlos -flees to France. Triumphal entry of Alfonso into Madrid. 1L877 Extradition treaty with the 'United States. General amnesty to Carlists. Queen Isbel viit -Spain.- -, - -,0 in Cuba, June 10. Heavy snow storm at Madrid, Dec. 10. 1883 M-arriage of Infanta della Paz to Prince Louis, of Bavaria, April 2. King Alfonso visits Frankfort to witness German military maneuvers, Sept. 20. King Alfonso appointed commander of the Schleswig-Holstein Uhlan regiment by German Em- eror, Sept. 23. Return of Alfonso to Madrid, Oct. 2. Resignation of Spanish ministry, Oct. 11. Hervera becomes Prime Minister. 1884 Severe earthquakes in Spain; over 1,000 lives lost, Dec. '25-28. 1885 Resignation of the ministry, in consequence of the determination of the king to visit cho lera- stricken districts, June 20. Terrible ravages o-L cholera in Valencia and other points. Spain greatly excited over the occupation of the Caroline Islands by Germany. Announcement that of 223,546 persons attacked by cholera 82,619 had died, Aug. 31. 1886. Alfonso XIII. King, with Maria Christina as Regent, May 17. 18-91 Reciprocity between Cuba and the United States, May. 1893 Riotous demonstrations of Republicans suppressed by the police. Cargo of dynamite explodes at Santander, killing and wounding several hundreds of people. 1895 Cuban patriots rise again in arms to free their native land. Marshal Campos sent with a large army to suppress the insurrection. 1906 King- Alphonso Mlarried. 1907 Heir to Throne born. F aR"ANCE. 1789 Destruction of the Bastile, July 14. The beginning of the French revolution. The king and queen compelled by a mob, at Versailles, to go to Paris, Oct. 6. The National Assembly meets at Paris, Oct. 9. The National Assemblyt#hange the royal title to "King of the French.." Oct. 16. Clerical property confiscated. The division of France into 83 departments, Dec. 22-. 1790 King Louis accepts the work of the revolution, Feb. 4, Titles of honor and hereditary n-obility. abolished. Confederation of the Champs de Mars; the King takes the oath to the consti-1 tution, July 1-4. 1791 Flight of the king and queen from Pari-s, June 20. Imprisonment of the king and queen in the Tuileries; they are arrested at Varennes, June 21. Louis sanctions the National constitutiolf Sept. 15. Dissolution of the National Assembly,: Sept. 29. 1792 First coalition against FranceCommencement of the great wars. War with Austria declared April 20. Battle of Valmy; the Prussians defeated, and France saved from invasion, Sept. 20. Attack and capture of the Tuileries by a *mob; the royal family imprisoned in the Temple, Aug. 10. Massacre in the prisons of Paris, Sept.. 2-5. Opening of the National Convention, S ep t. 17. The Convention abolishes royalty, Sept. 21., Meeting of the Legislative Assembly, Oct. 1. France declared a republic, Sept. 22. Trial and condemnation of King Louis, Nov. 12 to Dec. 13. 1793 Louis XVI. beheaded, Jan. 21. War against England, Spain and Rolland, declared Feb. 1. Insurrection in La Vendee begins, -March, Proscription of the Girondists. Robespierre becomes Dictator March 25. Beg-inning of the Reign of Terror, May 31. Charlotte Corday assassinates Marat, July 13. Execution of Marie Antoinette, Oct. 16. Siege of Toulon; first victory of Bonaparte. The Duke of Orleans, Phillipe Egalite, beheaded, Nov. 6. Madame Roland executed, Nov. S. Vendee revolt suppressed, Dec. 12. 1794 Danton and 'Others guillotined, April 5. Elizabeth, sister of Louis XVI., executed. Robespierre becomes president, June. Fall of Robespierre, July 27. Robespierre, St. Just and seventy others guillotined, July 28. Close of the Reign of Terror. 1795 The Dauphin (Louis XVII) dies in prison. Napoleon suppresses rebellion of royralists Oct. 5. SThe Directory established Nov. 1. 1796 Bonaparte wins the victories of Mbntenotte, April 12; Mondivi, April r/2, a~nd Lodi, May 10. Attehkirchen, June 1. Radstadt, July 5, in Italy. The conspiracy of Baboeuf suppressed. 1797 Pichegru's conspiracy fails. Return of Napoleon into Paris. Bonaparte's Egyptian expedition embarks. Battle of the Pyramid, July 13-21. Destruction of the French fleet, near Alexandria, by Nelson, Aug. I. 1799 England, Germany, Russia, Turkey, Portugal and Naples coalesce against Napoleoan, Jima. 22 - Aug. 2. 1803 Bank of France established. War with England, declared, May 22. 1804 Conspiracy of Moreau and Pichegru against Bonaparte falls. Execution of the Duke d'Enghien, March 21. The empire formed and Napoleon proclaimed Emperor, May 18. Crowned by the Pope, Dec. 30. 1805 Napoleon crowned King of Italy, May 26. Destruction of the French fleet, Oct. 21, by Nelson at the battle of Trafalgar. Battle of Austerlitz. Austria totally defeated, Dec. 2. Treaty of Presburg, Dec. 26. 1806 Confederation of the Rhine ratified at Paris, July 12. Fourth coalition of the Great Powers against France; Prussia declares war, Oct. 8. Defeat of the Prussians at Jena, Oct. 14. Capture of Erfurt by the French, Oct. 15. 1807 Russians defeated at battle of Eiylau, Feb. 8. Alexander and Napoleon meet at Tilsit, June 26. Treaty of peace signed, July 7. The Milan decree published, Dec. 17. 1808 New nobility of France created. The beginning of the Peninsular war. Abdication of Charles IV. of Spain. 1809 Napoleon defeated at Aspern and Essling. Victorious at Wagram. Entry of Napoleon into Vienna, May. Treaty of Vienna, Oct. 14. Divorce of the Empress Josephine, Dec. 15. 1810 Napoleon marries Maria. Louise of Austria, April 1. Union of Holland with France. 1811 Birth of the King of Rome, afterward Napoleon II. 1812 'War declared with Russia. Napoleon invades Russia. Great victory of the French at Borodino, Sept. 7. Disastrous retreat of the French from Moscow, October. 1813 The Concordat treaty with the Pope. Alliance of Austria, Russia and Prussia against Napoleon, March 16. Battle of Leipzig. Napoleon defeated, Oct. 16-18. The Allies invade France from the Rhine; the English from Spain, under Wellington, Oct. 7. 1814 Surrender of Paris to the Allies, UVarch 30. Abdication of Napoleon I. in favor ot his son, Napoleon 1I., April 5. Napoleon goes to the Island of Elba., May Louis XVIII. enters Paris, May 3. The Bourbon dynasty restored. The Constitutional Charter establishied, June 4-10. 1815 INapoleon leaves Elba and iands at Carnes, March 1, and proceeds to Paris, where he is joined by all the army. Louis XVIII. leaves Paris; restoradan of the empire. The Allies form a league for his desturuction, March 2E. ~i ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY. 1769 1770 1774 1776 1777 1781 1783 1785 1787 1788 1789 Beginning of the -power of Madame du Barry. The Dauphine marries Marie Antoinette, of Austria. Death of Louis XV.; accession of Louis XVI. Dismissal of Turgot from office. Necker becomes M~inister of Finance. Necker resigns as Minister of Finance. The torture abolished in legal proceedings. Treaty of Versailles; peace with England and Spain. "Diamond necklace affair" occasions intense excitement. Meeting of the Assembly of Notables; co 'ntroversy over taxes. The Second Assembly of Notables. Reappointment of Necker. Meeting of the St-ates-General, May 5. The Deputies of the Tiers Etat organize themselves as the National Assembly, June P?. I,Ifvw Copyright, 1905, by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. _~ I

Page  130 Affý - SUPPLEMENT XVII. r^ " = " --- -**"*"* _ _ -.. SU PEM N XV.M....... ^. ^ -s ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY. 11 I 1815 Napoleon abP'iiheq toe slave trade, March 29. Leaves Par:i fo'r the a'mi.v Jni 12. He invades Beignut, uiee i5. Finial overtbro, a Napoleeo at battle ol Waterloo, Jue;.S. Napoleon reache - iar-s, June 20 Abdicates in fav-r o hii. son Junp 275 He reaches Ro' i-f'rt, 'wti'c ~e initend0 to embark for America, July 3. Entry of Loo XV iiL. into Paris J1uTv, Napoleon roes tn boaa - the "Builerophcn" ancd claeisn th- "hospitalty't' of England, July t15. livon reaching" onland b if: t arsferred to the "lNorthunvir' ai. a ant a prisoner to St. S: euna. rg. 8, where he arrives Oct. 5. Execution of MIar"ha) Nov. Dec. 7. 19S1 The family of N poieon tioever excluded fronm the throne ol france. 1820 Assassnnation of the DOue de Berri, Feb. 1s21.Deat.h of Naepoleon I. at St. Helena, Mav 5. 1824 Deathn of Lou s XVII.T, l Sopt. 18. Charles X. becomes king. 1827 National Guard disbandedl. War with Algiers. Serious riots in Paris. Seventy--six new peers created. 1829 The Folignac adnministration organized. 1830 Chamber of Deputies dissolved, May 16. Capture of Algiers by the French, July 5. Rtevolution a -d barricade of streets in Paris. July 27. Flight and abdication of Charles X., July 31. JUnpopular ordinances passed regarding S the election of deputies and the press, July 26. SDuke of Orleans becomes King Louis Philtipe I. Polignac and the mninisters of Charles X. sentenced to perpetual imprisonment. S31 Great riots in Paris, Feb. 14 and 15. The hereditary peerage abolished. 183? Insurrection i Paris suppressed. Death of Napoleon II., Duke of Reichstadt, July 22. v' Attempted assassination of the King, Dec. 27. 1834 Death of Lafayette, May 20. 1835 Fieschi attempts, with an infernal machine, to kill the King, July 28, and is executed, I eb. 6, 1S36. 3,836 Louis Alibaud fires'at the king, June 25; is guillo-tined, Ju'y 11. Death of Charles X., Nov. 6. Prince Louis Napoleon attempts an insurrection at Strasbourg, Oct. 30; is banished to America, Nov. 13. The ministers of Charles X. set at liberty and sent out of France. Meunier attempts to kill the king. 1838 Death of Tallyrand, May 14. War with Mexico. 2839 Insurrections in Paris. 1840 M. Thiers becomes Prime Minister. Prince Louis Napoleon, General MIontholon, and others, attempt an insurrection at Boulogne, Aug. 6. Prince Louis Napoleon sentenced to imprisonment for life, and confined in the castle of diam, Oct. 6. Darmes attempts to shoot the king, Oct. 15. Removal of the remains of the Emperor Napoleon I. from St. Helena to Paris, Dec. 15. 1842 The Duke of Orleans, the heir to the throne, dies from the effect of a fali, July 13. 1843 Queen Victoria, of England, visits the royal family at the Chateau d' Eu. Extradition treaty with England. 1845 Lecompte attempts to assassinate fite king at Fontainebleau, April 16. Louis Napoleon escapes from Hiar., May 25. Joseph Henri attempts to kill toe king, July 29. 124? Jerome Bonaparte returns to France after an exile of thirty-two years. Death of the ex-Empress Marie Louise. Surrender of Abd-el-Kader to the French " "Reform banquet" prohibited. Revolution of February 22, and barricade;- of the streets of Paris. Flight and abdication of the King, Feb. 21. The second republic proclaimed, Feb, 29. The provisional government succeeded by an executive commission, named by the Assembly, May 7. Louis Napoleon elected to the National Assembly from the Seine and three other departments, June 13. Outbreak of the Red Republicans in Paris, June 23. 2849 Severe fighting in Paris, June 23 to 26; 16,000 persons killed, including the Archbishop of Paris. Surrender of the insurgents June 26. Gen. Cavaignac at the head of the government, June 28. SLouis Napoleon takes his seat in the Assembly, Sept. 26. The Constitution of the republic solemnly proclaimed, Nov. 12. Louis Napoleon elected president of the French Republic, Dec. 11. H-e takes the oath of ofice, Dec. 20. I186O Death of Louis Philippe, at Claremo.t, in England, Aug. 26.?reedom of the press curtailed. T 5l- Electric telegraph between England and France opened. The Coup d'Etat. Napoleon dissolves the Assembly and proclaims universal suffrage. Calls for an election of President for ten years. Declares Paris in a state of siege. Arrest of tMe prime minister, Thiers, and 180 members of the Assembly. The President crushes the opposition, with great loss of life, Dec. 3, 4. The Coup d'Etat sustained by the people at the polls, and Louis Napoleon reelected President for ten years, Dec. 21, 22; affirmative votes, 7,473,431; negative, 644,351. 1 President Louis Napoleon occupies the Tuileries, Jan. 1. The new constitution published, Jan. 14. Banishment of 83 members of the Assembly, and transportation of nearly 600 persons for resisting coup d'etat. The property of the Orleans family confiscated. The birthday of Napoleon I., Aug. 15, declared the only national holiday. Organization of the Legislative Chambers, the Senate and Corps Legislatif, March 29. The President visits Strasbourg. M. Thiers and the exiles permitted to return to France, Aug. 8. The Senate petitions the President for "the re-establishment of the hereditary sovereign power in the Bonaparte family," Sept. 13. The President visits the Southern and "Western Departments, September and October; at Bordeaux utters his famous expression, "The Empire is Peace." The President releases Abd-el-Kader, Oct. 16. Measures for the re-establishment of the empire inaugurated, October and November. The empire re-established by the popular vote, Nov. 21; yeas, 7,839,552; nays, 254,501; the President declared Emperor, and assumes the title of Napoleon IIl., Dec, 2. I8S Napoleon marries Eugenie de Montigo, Countess of Teba, Jan. 29. The Emperor releases 4,312 political ofV fenders, Feb. 2. "Bread riots in Paris, and other cities. '/V - 1853 Death of F. Arago, the astronomer, Oct. 2. Attempt to assassinate the Emperor. 1854 Beginning of the Crimean war. Treaty of Constantinople, March 12. War declared with Russia, March 27. 1855 Emperor and Empress visit England, April. Industrial exhibition opened at Paris, May 15,. Pianerni attempts to assassinate the Emperoi, April 28. Beliemarre attempts to assassinate the Emnperoer, Sept. 8. Queen Victoria and Prince Albert visit France, August. ~856 Birth of the Prince limn eral, March 16. Close of the Crimean war, and the treaty of Paris, March 30. Terrible inundations in the Southern Departments. 1851 The Archbishop of Paris (Sic dr) assassinated by a priest named Merger, 3J une 3. Conference on Neuchatel difficulty, March 15. Conspiracy to assassinate the Emperor detected, July 11. Visit of the Emperor and Empress to England. Death of Gen. Cavaignac, Oct. 28. The Emnperor Napoleon meets the Emperor of Russia, at Stuttgart, Sept. 25. 1858 Orsini and others attempt to kill the Emperor by the explosion of three shells; two persons killed and several wounded, Jan. 24. Passage of the Public Safety Bill. Trial of the Count de Montalembert. The Empire divided into five military departments. Republican outbreak at Chalons crushed. Orsini and Pietri executed for attempting to assassinate the Emperor. Visit of the Queen of England to Cherbourg. Conference, at Paris, respecting the condition of the Danubian principalities. 1859 France declares war against Austria, and sends an army to the aid of Italy, May. The Empress declared Regent. The Emperor takes command of the army in Italy. Arrives at Genoa, May 12. Battles of Montebello, May 20; Palestro, May 30, 31; Magenta, June 4; Malegnano, June 8, and Solferino, June 24; the allies victorious in each. Armistice arranged, July 6. Meeting of the Emperors of France and Austria, at Villa Franca, July 11. Preliminary peace effected, July 12. The Emperor Napoleon returns to France, July 17. Peace Conference meets at Zurich, for arrangement of treaty between France and Sardinia and Austria. Peace signed, Nov. 12. 1860 France adopts a free trade policy. Commercial treaty with England signed Jan. 23. Annexation of Savoy and Nice to France. Meeting of the Emperor with the German sovereigns at Baden, June 15-17. Visit of the Emperor and Empress to Savoy, Corsica, and Algiers. The public vevying of Peter's oence forbidden, and restrictions placed uo1n the issuing of pastoral letter. Napoleon makes concessions to the Chanmbers in favor of freedomn of speech. "hIe Pope advised by the Emperor to give up his temporal possessions. 1361 The principality of Monaco purchased for 4,000,000 francs by France. Troubles with the church about the R oduan question. Sardinian Boundary treaty, March 7. Tie government issues a circular forbidding priests to meddle in politics, April ii. Commercial treaty with Belgium ratified. Neutrality declared in the American confiet, France iecignizes the kingdom of Italy, June 2is Meeting on the Emperor and King of Prussia, at Compiegne, Oct. 6. - Convention between France, Great Britain and Spain concerning intervention in Mexico. Embarrassment in the Government finances. Achilie Fould made minister of finance. 1862 The Mexican expsdt'ion begun. -- The French conquer tte province of Bienboa, i2 Anuam. Six provinces in Cochin China conquered and ceded to France. The British and Spanish forces withdraw from the Mexican expedition. War declared against Mexico. Peace effected with Annam. New commercial treaty with Prussia, Aug. 2. Great distress in the manufacturing districts in consequence of the civil war in the United States. 1863 Commercial treaty with Italy. Convention with Spain for the rectificatien of the frontier. Gro,ving power of the opposition in the Chambers and throughout the country. The elections result in the choice of many opposition deputies, including Thiers, Favre, Ollivier and others. Napoleon proposes a European Conference for the settlement of the questions of the day, Nov. 9. England declines to join the proposed Conference, Nov. 25. The French army conquer Mexico and occupy the capital. 1864 Treaty between France and Japan. Commercial treaty with Switzerland, Convention with Italy respecting the evacuation of Rome, Sept. 15. Establishment of the Mexican empire, with Maximilian, of Austria, as Emperor. Death of Marshal Pelissier, Duke of Malakoff. 1865 The clergy prohibited from reading the Pope's Encyclical in the churches. Treaty with Sweden signed. The plan of Minister Duruy, for compulsory education, rejected by the Assembly. Death of the Duke de Morny. Visit of the Emperor to Algeria. The English fleet visits Cherbourg and Brest. The French fleet visits Portsmouth. The Queen of Spain visits the Emperor at Biarritz. Students' riot in Paris. Napoleon expresses his detestation l e treaties of 1815, May 6. Proposed peace conference in conju. f: tion with England and Russia for the settlement of the troubles between Prussia, Italy and Austria. Austria refuses to join in it. France declares a "Watchful Neutrality'8 as to the German-Italian war. Napoleon demands ot Prussia a cession of a part of the Rhine provinces, His demand is refused. Austria cedes Venetia to France, who transfers it to italy. The French occupation of Rome terminated, Dec. 11o Congress at Paris on Roumanian affairs. 1867 Settlement of the Luxemburg question by the London Conference. The great international exposition at Paris opened April 1. Visit of many crowned heads. Attempted assassination Z the Czar of Russia, June 6. 1868 Riots in Bordeaux and Paris, in March and June. 1868 Treaties with Italy, Prussia and Mecklenburg signed. 1869 Serious election riots in Paris. Great radical successes in the elections. The Emperor makes new concessions in favor of the constitutional government. Celebration of the one hundredth birthday of Napoleon the Great. Death of Lamartine, Feb. 28. Resignation of ministry, Dec. 27. 1870 Victor Noir shot by Prince Pierre Bonaparte, Jan. 10. Great riots in Paris, Feb. 8, 9. Discovery of plots against the Emperor's life. Trial and acquittal of Prince Pierre Bonaparte. The PIebiscitum on change of Constitution, affirmative vote secured for Plebiscite, May 8. Nomination of Prince Leopold for Spanish throne creates warlike feeling. Prince Leopold withdraws. Refusal of Prussia to give guarantees to France. War with Prussia declared, July 15. English mediation refused, July 20. Prussians blow up bridge of Kehl. The Emperor takes command of the army. Severe and undecisive engagement at Saarbuck, Aug. 2-4. Defeat of the French at Woerth and Forbach, Aug. 6. Strasburg invested, Aug. 10. Battle of Courcelles, Aug. 14. Decisive victory at Gravelotte, Aug. 18. Bazaine's army shut up in Metz, Aug. 24. Repulse of Germans at Verdun, Aug. 25. Great victory of Prussians at battle of Sedan, Sept. 1. The Emperor Napoleon and the French army made prisoners of war, Sept. 2. Revolution in Paris, and fall of the Empire. Flight of the Empress Eugenie, Sept. 7. The Republic proclaimed in Paris, and the Provisional Government organized, Sept. 7. Paris invested by the Prussians, Sept. 19. Strasburg surrendered, Sept. 27. Metz and French army, under Bazaine, surrender, Oct. 27. Defeat of the French army of the North, Dec. 23. 1871 Rocroy capitulates, Jan. 6. Alencon surrendered, Jan. 17. Paris bombarded by the Prussians. King William of Prussia proclaimed Emperor of Germany, at Versailles, Jan. 18. The armistice and peace signed, Feb. 27. France agrees to give up Alsace, a fifth of Lorraine, with Metz and Thionville, and to pay five milliards of francs. Meeting of the Assembly at Bordeaux. Formation of a provisional government. Prussians enter France, March 1. Peace with Germany. Revolt of the Commune, March 18. The second siele and capture of Paris, March 28. Thiers elected President of the Third Republic.: 1872 Reorganization of the government in France. A large part of the war indemnity paid. Death of the Duke de Persigny, Jan. 12. Commercial treaty with Belgium and England abrogated, Feb. 2. 1873 Death of Napoleon III., at Chiselhurst, England, Jan. 9. New treaty of evacuation signed with Germany, March 15. Mi. Thiers resigns the presidency, May 24. Marshal MacMahon chosen President of the Republic, May 25. Wa.- indemnity paid in full, Sept. 5. Germans avacuate Verdun, Sept. 15. Presidential term fixed at seven years. Bazaine sentenced to twenty years imprisonment for surrender of Metz, Dec. 12. 1874 Execution of communists. Escape of Gdnerai Bazaine, Aug. 11. 1 Payment of the German debt, September. 1875 The legislative body reorganized, and two Chambers created. Passage of a bill for the construction of Sa tunnel under the English channel. 1876 Meeting of the new Chambers, March 7. Amnesty for communists. New ministry formed by Jules Simon. 1877 Death of M. Thiers, Sept. 8. MacMahon dissolves Chamber of Deputies, June 25. Gambetta prosecuted, Aug. 25. 1878 International Exposition at Paris opened May 1. 1879 Resignation of President MacMahon, ~ Jan. 2. M. Jules Grevy elected President by the Senate, Jan. 30. Gambetta becomes President of the Chamber.. Waddington forms a new ministry. Communist amnesty bill passed, Feb. 21. Bill to abolish Jesuit colleges introduced by M. Ferry. Prince Louis Napoleon killed in Zululand, Africa, June 1. M. De Freycinet forms new ministry, to succeed Waddington's, Dec. 21, 1880 Rejection of educational bills of M. Ferry, March 9. Jesuit, and- other -orders, dissolved 7Jy national..decree. General amnesty bill passed, July 3. New ministry formed by Jules Ferry, Sept. 20. 1881 Elections favorable to the government. 6200,000,000 loan taken up three times over. France invades Tunis, and treaty with Bey signed, MFay 12, by which the republic gains virtual Suzerainty. Ratification by Senate, May 23. Great excitement produced in Italy. Gambetta enthusiastically received at Cahors, May 25. Rejection of semtin de liste, May 9. Gambetta premier on resignation of Ferry's cabinet. 1882 Resignation of Gambetta's ministry, Jan. 30. Freycinet Prime Minister; resigns, July 29. Rejection of vote of credit to protect Suez Canal. Disastrous floods in France, Aug. 6. Duclerc succeeds in forming a new ministry, Aug. 7. Death of Louis Blanc, aged 71, Dec. 6. Death of Leon Gambetta, aged 42, Dee. 24. 1883 Arrest of Prince Napoleon charged with sedition, Jan. 16; released, Feb. 9. Resignation of the Duclerc ministry, M. Faillieres Prime Minister, Jan, 29. Death of Gustave Dore, aged 50, Jan. 23. Passage of the expulsion bill, Feb. 1. Jules Ferry forms a new ministry, Feb. 21. Commencement of hostilities with Madagascar; bombardment of Majunga, May 16; bombardment of Tamatave, Madagascar, June 13. Blockade of Tonquin by French fleet, September. Apology offered by President Grevy to King Alfonso. Sept. 30. Gen. Thibaudin resigns office of Minister of War, Oct. 5. 1884 Treaty between France and China signed, May 11. France commences hostilities by bombardment and capture of Kelung, Aug. 6. Serious outbreak of cholera at Toulon. 1885 Langson, China, captured by the French, Feb. 12. Peace concluded with China, April 6, and treaty signed of Tientsin, June 9. I 1885 Death of Victor Hugo, aged 83, March 22. 1887 Burning of the Theatre Comique, 100 S. lives lost, May 25. Fall of President Grevy, Dec. 2. M. Sadi Carnot elected President, Dec. 3. 1888 Remains of Napoleon III. and the Prince Imperial removed to Farmsborough. 1889 Centennial of French revolution celebrated, May 5. Paris Exposition opened, May 6. 1890 Cabinet, with M. de Freycinet, March 16. 1891 Russia bestows decoration on Pres. Carnot, March. 1893 Panama Canal frauds exposed, many prominent men imprisoned. Court of Cassation quashed the sentence of the Panama Canal swindlers, and all released from jail, except Chas. de Lesseps. France gives Siam an ultimatum, which was accepted, June 29. Marshal McMahon, ex-president, died, Oct. 17. 1894 President Sadi Carnot assassinated at Lyons by an anarchist. Casimir-Perfer elected president, but resigned shoi tly after and was succeeded by Felix Fa re. 1895 French arm5 succeeds in capturing Madagascar. 1899 Dreyfus c-.se c eates great excite'meont. Capt. Dreyfus pardoned, Sept. 19. Emile Loubet elected President, Feb. 18. 1900 Theatre Francais, Paris, burned, MIarch 8. 1901 Santos-Dumont wins prize for steerable balloon, Nov. Austria-Hungary. 1772 Austria acquirn, Galicia, and other provinces, from F J'land. 1785 Vassalage abolished in I-ungary. 1792 War with France begins. 1793 The Austrians victorious at the battles of Neerwinden and Quesnoy. 1795 The Austrians defeated at the battle of Loano. 1796 Disastrous defeats sustained against Bonaparte at Montenotte, Lodi, Badstadt, Roseredo, and elsewhere. 1797 Treaty of Campo Formic. The Emperor surrenders Lombardy to Napoleon, and obtains Venice. 1799 Additional defeats at Zurich and Bergen. 1800 Defeat of Austrians by the French at the battles of Engen, May 3; Montebello, June 9; Marengo, June 14; Hochstadt, June 19; Hohenlinden, Dec. 3; and Mincio-. 1801 Treaty of Luneville; loss of more Austrian territory.1804 Francis II. of Germany becomes Francis I. of Austria. 1805 War with France declared by Francis. General Ney defeats Austrians at Elchingen and Ulm. Capture of Vienna by Napoleon. Battle of Austerlits Complete defeat of Austrians and Russians. 1805 Treaty of Presburg. Austria surrenders the Tyrol and Venice. The French evacuate Vienna. The Germanic Confederation dissolved. The Austrian King abdicates. 1809 Battle of Ahensberg; defeat of Austrians. Second capture of Vienna, by the French; the city restored Oct. 24. 1810 Marriage of the Archduchess Mlaria Louise, daughter of Francis II., to Napoleon.. April 1. 1814 Downfall of Napoleon. Congress of Sovereigns at Vienna. 1815.iy of Vienna. Austria regains her Italian provinces, with additions. - -The Lombardo-Venetian kingdom established. - 4 1825 -lungarian Diet assembles. 1835 Death of Francis I.; Ferdinand I. succeeds him. 1818 Treaty of commerce with England. Ferdinand I. crowned Emperor at Milan. 1848 Insurrection at Vienna. Flight of Prince Metternich, March 13. Insurrections in Italy, which are crushed. Another insurrection at Vienna. The Emperor flees to Inspruck, May 15 -17. - The Archduke John appointed Vicar-General of the Empire, May 29. A Constitutional Assembly meets at Vienna, July 22. Third insurrection in Vienna. Count Latour murdered, Oct. 6. War with Sardinia. - Revolution in Hungary. Imperial troops capture Raab and defeat Hungarians, at Szikiszo and Mlohr. The Emperor Ferdinand abdicates in favor of his nephew, Francis Joseph. 1849 Sardinia forced to make peace. Constitution granted. Hungary declares independence, April 14. Kossuth proclaimed Governor. Total defeat of HIungarians at Szegeden. The revolution in Hungary suppressed, after a severe struggle. Count Bathyany executed. 1850 Convention of OlQmutz. 1851 The Emperor revokes the Constitution of 1849. 1859 Tral by jury abolished in the Empire. ie u. Libenyl attempts to assassinate the Emperor.. Commercial treaty with Prussia. 1854 The Austrians enter the Danubian principalities. 1856 Amnesty granted to the Hungarian political offenders of 1848, '49, by the Emperor. 1851 Quarrel with Sardinia, and diplomatic relations suspended. The Danuibian provinces evacuated. Visit of the Emperor and Empress to Hungary. 1859 War with France and Sardinia. Austrians cross the Ticino and enter Piedmont. Austrians defeated at Montebello, May 20; Palestro, May.0, 31. Napoleon III. declares war with Austria, May 31.. Battles of Magenta, June 4; Melegnano, June 8, and Solferino, June 24, in all of which Austria suffers defeat. Death of Prince Metternich. Armistice between the Austrians and the allies agreed upon, July 6. Meeting of the Emperors of France and Austria, July 11. Peace of Villa Franca, July 12. Austria surrenders Lombardy to Sar-dinia. Further troubles in Hungary; fears of a revolution.. The Emperor grants increased privileges to the Protestants. Treaty of Zurich, Nov. 10; permanent peace with France and Sardinia. 1860 The Emperor removes the disabilities of the Jews. The meeting of the Reichsrath, the great imperial council or diet, May 31. Austria protests against the annexation of the Italian duchies by the King of Sardinia. The liberty of the press further retained; renewed troubles in Hungary. The Reichsrath granted legislative powSers, the control of the finances, etc. 1861 Amnesty granted for political offences in Hungary, Croatia, etc. Great disaffection throughout the Empire caused by the reactionary policy of the court. The new Constitution for the Austrian monarchy published. Civil and political rights granted to Protestants throughout the Empire, except in Hungary and Venice. 1861 No deputies present from Hungary, Croatia, Transylvania, Venice, or Istria, at meeting of the Reichsrath, April 29. The Hungarians demand the restoration of the Constitution of 1848. The new liberal Constitution for the empire fails to satisfy Hungary. Military levy taxes in Hungary. Entire independence refused Hungary by the Emperor, July 21. The Diet of Hungary protests, Aug. 20, and is dissolved, Aug. 21. The magistrates at Pesth resign. Military government established in Hungary, in December. 1862 Amnesty granted to Hungarian revolutionists. Cessation of prosecutions, Nov. 19. Ministry of Marine created. The principle of ministerial responsibility -adopted in the imperial government. Great reduction of the army. A personal liberty (a kind of habeas corpus) bill passed. Serious inundations throughout the empire. 18 '3 Unsuccessful insurrection in Poland. Transylvania accepts the constitution and sends deputies to the Reichsrath. German sovereigns meet at Frankfort. Federal Constitution reformed. 1864 G3alicia and Cracow declared in a state of siege. War with Denmark, about SchleswigH-olstein; meeting of the Emperor with King of Prussia, June 22; peace with Denmark, Oct. 30. Austria supports the German Confederation in the dispute respecting the duchies. 1865 Great financial difficulties in the empire; reforms resolved upon. Concessions made to Hungary, and a more liberal manner of governing the empire introduced. Convention of Gastein with Prussia for the disposal of the Danish duchies., Austria receives the temporary government of Holstein, and the promise of 2,500,000 Danish dollars from Prussia. Rescript of the Emperor suppressing the Constitution for the purpose of granting independence to Hungary. The Emperor visits Pesth, Hungary. Dissatisfaction in the rest of the empire. 1866 Quarrel with Prussia, Bavaria, HesseCassel, Saxony, Hanover, Wurtemburg, Hesse-Darmstadt on the Holstein question. Nassau and Frankfort allied with Austria. The German-Italian war between Austria enters Silesia. The Italians defeated by the Archduke Albrecht, June 24, at battle of Custova. The Prussians occupy Saxony and invade Bohemia. Defeat of the Austrians at battle of Nachos, June 27. - Battle of Skalitz; decisive defeat of the Austrian army, under Benedek, at Sadowa, July 3. Venetia ceded to France, July 4, and intervention requested. Great victory by the'Austrian fleet over the Italian fleet, at Lissa, July 20. An armistice agreed upon between Austria and Prussia, July 22; peace of Nicholsburg, Aug. 30. Hanover, Hesse-tiaasel, Nassau and Frankfort gained by Prussia. Austria retires from the German Confederation. Baron Von Beust made prime minister. The Emperor makes great concessions to Galicia. 1867 A new and very liberal Constitution for the empire adopted. Hungary constituted an independent kingdom. Andrassy elected President of Hungarian Diet. The Emperor and Empress of Austria crowned King and Queen of Hungary, at Pesth, June 8. 1868 The clergy of the Roman Catholic church made amenable to the civil law. Civil marriage authorized. The State assumes the control of secular education. 1869 Serib. outbreaks in Dalmatia against conscription. 1870 The Concordat repealed., -~ Neutrality declared in the Franco-Prussian war. Bitter contest between national and federal parties. 1871 Further reforms in the government instituted. Measures adopted looking to the representation of all the nationalities em braced in the empire. Austria recognizes new German Confederation. Old Catholic movement at Vienna. Rivalry between Slavonian conservatives and German constitutionalists; overthrow of Beust. Andrassy appointed Minister of Foreign affairs. 1872 Change in the Electoral Law. Meeting of the Emperors at Berlin. 1873 Visit of the Emperor of Germany and King of Italy to Vienna. International Exhibition at Vienna, opened May 1. The federalists defeated in the elections. 1874 Reforms in the empire. Visit of the Emperor to Russia. Ecclesiastical laws of Austria condemned by the Pope. Death of Ferdinand-, ex-Emperor, 1875- Visit of the Emperor to Italy. Great financial crisis. Change in the bed of the Danube. 1876 New marriage law proclaimed. Austria takes a leading part in the eastern question. Neutrality declared in Servian war. 1877 Austria remains neutral in the Turkish war. 1878 Andrassy represents Austria in the Berlin Conference. Occupation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and war with the former. 1879 Resignation of Count Andrassy. 1881 The Archduke Rudolph marries the Princess Stephanie, Belgium. 1883 Raab, Hungary, inundated by the rising of the Danube; many lives lost, Jan. 9., 1884 Burning of the Stadt Theatre, Vienna, May 16. 1885 Meeting of the Emperor and Czar of Russia at Kremsier, Aug. 25. Meeting of the Emperor with the Emperor of Germany at Gastein, Aug. 6. 1889 Crown Prince suicides, Jan. 30. Emperor Francis Joseph visits Berlin, Aug. 12. 1890 The Rothschilds protest against the persecu'ion of the Jews, May 11. 1891 Austro-G-rman new commercial treaty, April 2. 1904 Members Hungarian House wreeked Chamber in riot, Dec. 13. SCANDINAVIA, Mow' -,Norway was united under Harold Haarfager about the end of the ninth century. 1365 Albert of Mecklenburg became king of Sweden. 1385 Margaret, the Semiramis of the North, became Queen of Denmark. This great princess died in 1412,. I I u -I.0 3 -'ii,,is, ca 'a '. i.. 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Page  131 3, lowSUPPLEMENT XVIII. m. Io ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY. 1387 Norway and Denmark became confederate kingdoms, under one ruler, and remained so until 1814. 1407 By the Treaty of Caimar, Sweden joined the confederacy or Scandinavian kingdom. 1448 Christian I. of Oldenburg became king and added Schleswig and Holstein to the kingdom. 1520 Sweden revolted from the foreign yoke and under Gustavus Vasa, her future king, became independent in 1523. Gustavus Vasa died in 1560. 1523 Lutheran religion established in Denmark. 1537 Catholicism suppressed and church lands annexed to the crown. 1611 Gustavus Adolphus, The Lion King of the North and Bulwark of Protestantism in Germany, became king of Sweden. He was an important factor in the Thirty Years' War and was killed at the battle of Lutzen in 1632. 1664 Charles XII. became king of Sweden, after engaging in successful war with Russia he was defeated by Pecer the Great at Pultowa in 1709 and became a fugitive. 1792 Gustavus III. assassinated and succeeded by Gustavus IV. The latter; being insane, was dethroned. 1809 Charles XIII. succeeded to the throne of Sweden. 1810 For want of a legitimate heir, BernaSdotte, prince of Ponte Corvo, one of Napoleon's marshals, was elected crown prince of Sweden. 1814 Norway taken from Denmark and given to Sweden as indemnity for her losses in Finland by the allies, and Laurenberg was given to Denmark in exchange. 1818 Bernadette ascended the throne of Sweden and Norway, where his descendants are still seated. 1.863 Insurrection in Schleswig-Holstein and Laurenberg, assisted by Prussia and Austria, resulted in the loss of these prov'.nces to Denmark. Christian IX. crowned king of Denmark. 1872 Oscar II. ascended the throne of Sweden and Norway. 1893 Viking ship built at Christiana, Sweden, and sailed for the World's Fair at Chicago, April 9. Dr. Nansen, the Arctic explorer, sailed from Christiana, June 24. CERMANY. 1765 Joseph II. becomes Emperor. 1766 Lorraine ceded to France.,1769 Convention between Prussia and Austria. 1772 Germany shares in the partition of Poland. 1788 War with Turkey. 1790 Leopold II. becomes Emperor. - 1791 Conference between the Emperor and Frederick of Prussia. 1792 Accession of Francis II, of Austria. 1793 Revolt in the Rhenish provinces. Prussians seize Dantzic and acquire Posen. 1795 Warsaw ceded to Prussia in the division of Poland. War with France. 1797 Accession of Frederick William III., of Prussia. 1801 Prussians seize Hanover. Treaty of Luneville; Germany loses the Netherlands, the Italian states and territories west of the Rhine. 1804 Francis II. renounces the title of Emperor of Germany, and assumes that of Emperor of Austria. 1805 Treaty of Vienna. Napoleon establishes the kingdoms of Wurtemburg. and Bavaria. 1806 Dissolution of the German Empire. Formation of the Confederation of the Rhine. Prussians seize Hanover. % War declared against Napoleon, Sept. 24. Battles of Auerstadt and Jena; French enter Berlin, Oct. 21. 1807 The kingdom of Westphalia established p by Napoleon. Treaty of Tilsit between France and Prussia. 1808 Serfdom abolished in Prussia. 1810 North Germany annexed to France. 1812 An alliance concluded with Austria and Russia. 1813 The war of Liberation, against Napoleon, begins. S The French evacuate Berlin, March 4o " War declared against France, March 13. Silesia invaded by Napoleon, May 31* Ney defeated by Blucher at Katabach, Aug. 16. Allies completely defeat Napoleon at Leipsic, Oct. 16. 1814 France invaded by the allies. Battles of Brienne, Creon, and Laon. 1815 Congress of Vienna. Final overthrow of Napoleon. Formation of the Germanic Confederation. 1817 Insurrection in Breslan put down. 1818 The Zoliverein (commercial union) formed. 1819 Anti-revolutionary Congress of Carlsbad. \1832 Death of Goethe, German poet. 1833 Other German states join the Zollverein. %34 Thuringia and Saxony join the Zo.lverein. 1840 Accession of Frederick William IV., of Prussia. 1844 Attempted assassination of the Prussian King. 1848 Insurrection in Berlin, and revolutionary movements throughout Germany, German National Assembly meets in Frankfort. 1849 The German National Assembly elects S the King of Prussia Emperor of GerS many, March 28. Ile declines the honor, and recalls the Prussian members of the Assemblyo Frankfort Assembly removes to Stuttgart. Austria protests against alliance of Prussia and smaller German States, 1850. Treaty between Bavaria, Saxony and Wurtemburg, Feb. 27. Parliament meets at Erfurt. The German Confederation meets at Frankfort, Sept. 2. Hesse-Cassel invaded by the forces of Austria, Bavaria, and Prussia, Nov. 12. 1851 Reassembly of Diet of German Confederation at Frankfort. 1858 Insurrectionary plot in Berlin discovered. 1857 Revision of the German Confederation. Meeting of an assembly of the German Confederation at Frankfort, at the call of Austria. Troubles in Hesse-Cassel. The elector restored by the Confederation. 1859 Bavaria, and other German states, manifest a willingness to assist Austria against the French in Italy. 1860 Quarrel with Denmark about the Danish duchies begins. Federal Diet maintains Hesse-Cassel Constitution against Prussia. Holstein-Schleswig dispute with Denmark. 1861 Death of Frederick William IV.; accession of William I. i anonal Assembly meets at Heidelberg, Attempted assassination of the King. 1862 The National Assembly, at Berlin, declares in favor of unification. Bismarck becomes Prime Minister. 1863 The Lower House closed, for the second time, by YWl!liami L German states, except Prussia, meet at Frankfort, and approve a plan of federal reform. 1864 The quarrel with Denmark resulte in war with that kingdom, The Danes are defeated and forced to surrender the duchies. Peace restored, Oct. 30. 1865 The Gastein convention, It gives great offence to the German Diet. Prussia and Austria called upon to give up Holstein, which they refuse. 1866 War between Prussia and Austria, and their respective allies. Austria defeated. Saxony and Holstein invaded by Prussia. Prussia makes peace with the several German states. North German Confederation formed, Aug. 18. 1867 Formation of the new Zollverein includes Bavaria, Wurtemburg, Baden, Hesse, Darmstadt, and Prussia. 1868 South German military commission appointed. 1870 France declares war against Germany. Munich, Stuttgart, and other cities, declare for union with North Germany. Bavaria, Wurtemburg, Hesse, Darmstadt and Baden support Prussia. Invasion of France by the Germans. Unparalleled success of the German troops. The Emperor, Napoleon III., and two French armies made prisoners by the Germans. North German Parliament opens at Berlin, Nov. 24. The German empire formed; The Imperial Crown offered to the King of Prussia. Dec. 10. 1871 King William I., of Prussia, proclaimed Emperor of Germany at Versailles. Prince Bismarck becomes Chancellor. Successful close of the French war. The Germans occupy Paris, and deprive France of Alsace and Lorrainre. Treaty of peace with France ratified, May 16. Triumphal entry of the victorious German army into Berlin, June 16. German Parliament opened by the Emperor, Oct. 16. 1872 The Jesuits expelled from the empire, July 5. Meeting of the Emperors of Germany, Russia, and Austria, at Berlin, Sept. 6. Bismarck resigns the premiership of Prussia. 1873 National Liberals succeed in the elections. Troubles with the Roman Catholic church. Monetary reform law passed, June 23. Germany receives the last payment of the French indemnity, Sept. 5. 1874 Civil marriage bill passed. New military and press laws. Attempt to assassinate Prince Von Bismarck, July 13. Bismarck resigns Chancellorship, Dec. 16, Resignation withdrawn upon receiving a vote of confidence. 1875 The Imperial Bank bill adopted. Visit of the Emperor to Italy, Aug. 17. Government aid withdrawn from Catholic clergy. 1876 Germany takes part in the Eastern question. Visit of Queen Victoria to Berlin. Trouble with Roman Catholic church. Inundations in Prussia. The Czar of Russia visits Germany. 1877 Code of laws enacted March 21. Second resignation of Bismarck; resignation again withdrawn. 1678 Attempt to assassinate the Emperor William by H-odel, a socialist, May 11. A second attempt to assassinate the Emperor, who is wounded, The Crown Prince takes charge of the Empire. HDeath of King George of Hanover, June 12. The Berlin Conference of the Great Powers. Suppression of many newspapers and clubs. Regency of the Crown Prince. 1879 The Emperor resumes the government. Protectionists' bill adopted, May 9. Meeting of Bismarck and Andrassy, at Vienna, Sept. Code of laws passed in 1877 goes into operation. 1880 Small states outvote Prussia, Saxony and Bavaria on stamp duties. Bismarck resigns a third time, and the states yield. "New Liberal' party formed, Aug. 1881 German Reichstag opened, Feb. 16. The Liberals successful in the October elections. 1882 Imperial rescript of Jan. 4 asserts extreme rights of the Emperor, and slight constitutional restraints; rescript modified by explanation. Disastrous floods in Germany, Dec. 6. 1883 Grand celebration in Berlin upon the twenty-fifth anniversary of the marriage of the Crown Prince and Princess., The Emperor appoints the King of Spain to the command of the Schleswig-Holstein Uhlan regiment, Sept. 27. Death of William R. Wagner, German composer, aged 69, Feb. 13. 1884 Conference of the Great Powers upon Egyptian finances, Aug. 2. Germany occupies the Caroline Islands, Aug. 20. Death of Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia, aged 57, June 15. Convention between Prussia and Austria, 1887 Septennate army bill passed March 11. Ecclesiastical bill passed, April 27. 1888 Death of Emperor William, March 9. S. Frederick III. becomes Emperor, March 11. "Wilhelm II., Emperor, June 18. 1889 Samoan Agreement signed, June 14. 1890 Von Caprivi succeeds Bismarck as Chancellor, March 19. Heligoland transferred to Germany by England, Aug. 9. 1891 The Empress Friedrich visits Paris, Feb. Rigid passport regulations enforced in Alsace Lorraine. Death of Gemn Von Moltke, April 24. 1893 Princess Margaret, sister of the Emperor, weds Prince Charles Frederick of Hesse, Jan. 25. Unveiling of the statue of William IL at Bremen. 1894 Caprivi resigns the Chancellorship of the Empire and is succeeded by Prince von Hohenlohe. 195 Grand celebration by German veterans of the twenty-fifth anniversaries of Gravelotte, Sedan, etc. Celebratio and naval demonstration at Kiel on account of the opening of the great canal connecting the Baltic with +he North Sea. 1898 Prince Bismarck died, July 30. 1905 Great coal strike, Jan. PRUSSIA, 1780 Death of Frederick the Great, Aug. 17. 1792 War with France in consequence of the French revolution. Battle of Valmy, Sept. 20. Decisive defeat of the Prussian army of invasion. 1793 Prussia seizes Dantzic and acquires Y0OsenG - S1795 Waroaw ceded to Prussia i. the partition of Poland. 1797 Frederick William III., of Prussia, becomes Emperor of Germany. 1801 Prussians seize Hanover. 1805 Treaty of Vienna. Downfall of the German Empire. 1806 Prussia seizes Hanover, Posen. Prussia joins the alliance against France. Battles of Jena and Auerstadt. Prussia succumbs to Napoleon. Napoleon issues the Berlin Decree. 1807 Peace of Tilsit. Napoleon restores one-half of his dominions to the King of Prussia. 1308 Convention of Berlin. Serfdom abolished in Prussia. 1812 Prussia concludes an alliance with Russia and Austria. 1813 The French evacuate Berlin, March 4. The war of Liberation begun. Uprising of the people. The "Landwehr" formed. Battle of Leipsic, Oct. f16. 1814 The allies invade France. Complete defeat of Naptleon. The Prussians occupy the French capital. Treaty of Paris. 1815 Congress of Vienna; Germanic Confederation formed. Prussia enters the Holy Alliance 1817 Establishment of the Ministry of Education. 1818 Formation of the Prussian Zollverein. 1819 Congress of Carlsbad. Death of Marshal Blucher, Sept, 12. 1840 Accession of Frederick William IV., of Prussia. 1844 Attempt to assassinate the King of Prussia. 1848 Revolution of 1848. Berlin declared in a stage of siege, Nov. 12. The Constituent Assembly meets in Brandenburgh Castle, Nov. 29. The King dissolves the Assembly, and issues a new Constitution, Dec. 5. 1849 The German National Assembly offer the Imperial Crown of Germany to the King of Prussia, March 28. He declines it, April 29. Martial law declared throughout the kingdom, May 10. Occupation of Carlsruhe by the Prussians, June 23. The revolution in Baden completely crushed. 1850 The King takes the oath to the new Constitution, Feb. 6. Attempt to assassinate the King, May 22. Treaty of peace with Denmark. Prussia refuses to join the restricted Diet of Frankfort. Prussia warns, Austria of her intention to uphold the Constitution in HesseCassel, Sept. 21. The Prussian army occupies Hesse, Nov. 12. The Prussian troops withdraw from Baden, Nov. 14. The Convention of Olmutz removes the cause of the trouble, and restores peace to Germany, Nov. 29. 1851 Visit of the King to Russia. 1852 The King re-establishes the Council of the state as it existed prior to 1848. 3853 Plot against the government discovered in Berlin. 1854 Wavering policy of the government respecting the Eastern question. Prussia remains neutral in the Crimean war. Prussia enters into treaty with Austria. 1855 Prussia not allowed to take part in the Conference at Vienna. 1856 Takes part in the Conference at Paris. Crown Prince becomes Regent in Prussia. Quarrel with Switzerland about Neufchatel. Prussia relinquishes her claim for a pecuniary compensation. 1357 Serious illness of the King, The Prince of Prussia, Emperor William I., made Regent. 1858 Prince Frederick William, son of the Crown Prince, married to the Princess Royal of England. 1859 Franco-Italian war. Prussia remains neutral, but threatening. 1860 Federal Diet maintains Hesse-Cassel Constitution against Prussia. 1861 William I. becomes king upon the death of his brother, Frederick William IV., Jan, 2. National Association meets at Heidelberg. Becher, a Leipzig student, attenpts to S assassinate the King. The Kiing and Queen crowned at Konagsberg, 1862 The National Assembly at Berlin declares in favor of unification. The government defeated in the elections. Count Bismarck Schonhausen made Premier. The Chamber informed by him that the Budget is deferred until 1863; protest of the deputies against this as unconstitutional, Sept. 30. The Budget passed by the Chamber of Peers without the amendment of the Chamber. The Chamber declares the act of the Peers unconstitutional, Oct. 11, Close of the session of the Chambers by the King, Oct. 13o 1863 Continuation of the quarrel between the Government and the Chamber. The King closes the session a second time, and resolves to govern without a Parliament, May 27. 1860 Severe restrictions imposed upon the S press, June 1. The Crown Prince disavows participation in the recent action of the ministry, June 5; decree recalled, 16b War with Denmark about the Danish duchies,. Holstein invaded by Prussia. Denmark ports blockaded. Denmark forced to gAve up the duchies, and make peace, Treaty signed, Oct. 30, 186 Quarrel between the government and the Chamber of Deputies over the army budget. The budget being rejected the king prorogues the parliament, and declares he will rule without it. The King arbitrarily seizes and disposes of the revenue, July 5o Convention of Gasteino Bismarck visits Napoleon III, at Paris. 1866 The Diet demands the surrender of Holstein by Prussia and Austria, which they refuse. Prussian treaty with Belgium. Attempt on Bismarck's life, May 7o' War with Austria and her allies, Battle of Sadowa, total defeat of Austrians. Treaty of peace with several German states and Austria. Formation of the North German Confedc eration, under the leadership of Prussia. Hanover annexed to Prussia. 1867 Extraordinary session of the Prussian Diet. First meeting of the new German Parliament. 1868 Prussia passes the Rhine navigation treaty, 1870 France declares war against Prussia. Prussia receives the support of German States. France invaded by the German army un Ms der command o King William, of Prusslao The king of Prussia elected Emperor of Germany. 1871 King William proclaimed Emperor of Germany and crowned at Versailles, Jan. 18. Trouble with the Roman Catholic clergy. 1872 Creation of the new peers by the government to carry its measures in parliament. 1873 Troubles with the Roman Catholic bishops. The stamp Tax, 1874 Troubles with the Roman Catholic bishops. The Old Catholic bishops given salaries by the government. Attempt to assassinate Bismarck, July 13. 1875 Conference of the Roman Catholic bishops at Fulda. Religious agitation in Prussia. Government aid withdrawn from Catholic clergy. New Constitution adopted by the Protestant State Church. 1876 The German made the official language in Prussian Poland. Deposition of Catholic bishops in Munster and Cologne. Great inundations in Prussia. (See Germany.) Great Britain and Ireland S1765 American Stamp Act passed, March 22. Death of the Pretender, at Rome. Percy's Reliques published. 1766 Birth of Isaac Disraeli; died 1848. 1768 Bruce's travels. Academy of arts founded. 17G9 Letters of Junius. Watt's engine. Arkwright's Jenny. Birth of the painter, Lawrence; died 1830. 1770 Lord North's ministry. Cook's voyages in the South Sea. 1771 English debates reported. Birth of Sir Walter Scott; died 1832. 1772 Warren Hastings in India. 1774 Suicide of Lord Clive. 1775 Commencement of the American Revolution; (see United States.) Birth of Charles Lamb; died 1835. 1776 "Wealth of Nations" decline and fall. 1777 Royal Marriage Act. Birth of T. Campbell; died 1844. 1778 Death of the Earl of Chatham. Relief bill for Irish Catholics passed. Birth of H. Hallam; died 1859. 1779 Rodney's victories. Eliot at Gibraltar. 1,J780 Lord George Gordon's "No Popery" riots, ({' in London. Birth of Channing; died 1842. 1781 Trial and acquittal of Gordon. 1782 England acknowledges the independence of the United States, Nov. 30. Lord Rockingpeam's second ministry. Grattan's Irish Constitution. 1783 Coalition ministry. England wars with Tippoo-Saibo 1784 Settlement of Upper Canada. Birth of Sheridan Knowles; died 1862. 1781 Birth of De Quincey; died 1860. 1786 Attempted assassination cf the King by Margaret Nicholson, (insane). Birth of Dr. Chalmers; died 1842. 1788 Trial of Warren Hastings. Birth of Lord Byron; died 1824. London Times founded. Birth of Sir I-I. Davy; died 1829. 1790 Boswell's Johnson published. 1791 Birmingham riots. Paine and "People's Friend." 1792 First coalition against France. 1793 England begins war with France. 1794 Suspension of the Habeas Corpus Act. English expedition to Dunkirk; Lord Howe's victory over the French fleet. 1795 Acquittal of Warren Hastings, April 23, Birth of Carlisle; died 1881. Cape of Good Hope doubled. Prince of Wales marries Caroline of Brunswick. Orange clubs formed in London. 1796 England takes the Spice Islands. Birth of Princess Charlotte. 1797 Cash payments suspended, Feb. 27, Death of Edmund Burke, July 29. "The Anti-Jacobin.'" 1798 Battle of the Nile; great victory of Lord Nelson over the French fleet, Habeas Corpus Act again suspended. Sidney Smith at Acre. Great Irish rebellion; defeat of the Irish. Battle of Kilcullen, May 23. Battle of Antrim; victory of the English. 1799 Irish rebellion completely suppressed. 1800 Hatfield attempts to assassinate the King. Malta taken. Birth of Lord Macaulay; died 1859. 1801 Union of Great Britain and Ireland. Nelson's victory at Copenhagen. Habeas Corpus again suspended, April 19o Peace of Amiens, Oct. 1. 1802 Birth of Landseer, painter; died 1873. 1803 War declared against France, Mahratta India War,. Emmet's insurrection in Ireland. Execution of Emmet, Sept. 20. 1805 Battle of Trafalgar, Oct. 21; victory and death of Nelson. Birth of Lord Beaconsfield. 1806 Birth of William E. Gladstone. Deaths of William Pitt and Charles James Fox. 1807 Orders in Council against the Berlin Decree, Jan. 7. The African slave trade abolished, March 25. Death of Cardinal Henry Stuart, claimant of the English Crown. 1809 Wellesley passes the Duro. Battle of Corunna, Jan. 1'. "'Quarterly Review" founded. Impeachment of the Duke of York, Walcheren expedition, August. Death of Sir John Moore. Investigaticn into conduct of PrinCeSS Caroline. Birth of C. Darwin; died 1882. Birth of Alfred Tennyson. 1810 The King declared insane, Nov. 3. Great financial crisis. Irish agitation for repeal of the union. 181 The Prince of Wales declared Regent, Feb. 5. Suddite riots, Nov. The Roman Catholic Board formed. by Daniel O'Connell, Dec. 26. Birth of William M. Thackeray. riea 1863. 1812 English storm Ciudad, Roeirgo ands Badajos. Lord Liverpool Premier. Assassination of Mr. Percival, tne Prime Minister, by Bellingham, in the House, Beginning of the second war with the United States, June 18. Birth of Charles Dickens; died IS. Birth of Robert Browning, 1814 Peace with France. Peace with the United States. Birth of Charles Reade. Treaty of Ghent, Dec. 14. 1815 France renews war with the allies. Battle of Waterloo, and final overthloW of Napoleon 1., June 18. Peace with France. Insurrection in Tipperary, Ireland. Princess Charlotte marries Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg, = 1816 Agricultural and Weaver riots. 1817 Specie payments resumed. Habeas Corpus act again suspoilded. Death of Princess Charlotte, Nov. 6. Trial of Lord Howe and acquittal, 1818 Birth of J. Anthony Froude. 1819 Queen Victoria born, May 24. Peel's Currency Act. Birth of Ruskin. 1820 Death of George IlL, Jan. 29. Cato Street conspiracy discovered, Feba 20. Trial of Queen Caroline. Birth of Herbert Spencer. Birth of George McDonald. Death of Queen Caroline, Aug. 7. Great outrages in Ireland. 1821 George IV. crowned, July 19. 1822 King George IV. visits Scotland, "Whiteboy" outrages in Ireland. Suicide of Castlereagh. 1823 First Mechanics' Institute held. Agitation about tests and corporation acts. 1824 English-Burmese war. Death of Lord Byron in Greece. 1825 The great commercial crisis. First railroad in England. Thames tunnel commenced. Birth of Wilkie Collins. 1827 Lord Canning Prime Minister. i.od }I-lmerston Foreign Secretary. 1828 aUattle A i\avarno. The allies defeat the Turkish and Egyptian fleets. 1829 Roman Cathclic Relief Bill passed. April 13. Great Riots in London. 1830 Death of George IV. William IV. mounts the throne, June 26. Ministry of the Duke of Wellington. Opening of the L.veri-ool and Manchester railway. 1831 The newv London bridge opened. - The reform bill rejected by the Lords. Oct. 7. Riots in Bristol, Oct, 29. Earl Grey's ministry. 1832 Passage of the English Reform Bill, June 1. Death of Sir Walter Scott, Sept. 2. Passage of the Irish Reform Bill, Aug. 7. 1834 Slavery ceases in the colonies. Trades union and repeal riots. Lord Melbourne's ministry. 1835 Corporation Reform Act passed, Sept, 9. Sir Walter Peel Prime Minister. 1837 Death of William IV. Victoria succeeds to the throne, June 20. Hanover separated from Great Britain. 1838 Queen Victoria crowned, June 28. Irish Poor Law bill passed, July 31. Viscount Melbourne's ministry,, 1839 England at war with China. Assassination of Lord Northbury in Ireland., " 1840 Penny postage inaugurated. The Queen marries Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg, Feb. 10. Oxford's assault on the Queen, June 10. 1841 Birth of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, Nov, 10. - Ministry of Sir Robert Peel. 1842 John Francis attempts to kill the Queen, May 20; a second attempt by Bean, June 3. Income tax established, Aug. Peace with China, Dec. 1843 Queen Victoria visits France. 1844 The Emperor of Russia and King of the French visit England. Trial of O'Donnell, at Dublin, for sedition, his conviction, fine and imprisonment, and subsequent release from prison, Sept. 1845 Sir Robert Peel's new tariff. Great famine in Ireland. Puseyite or Tractarian controversy, Anti-corn law agitation. Great railroad speculations. ' 1846 Repeal of the corn laws, June 26. Great commercial panic. Food riots in Tipperary. Russell forms new ministry. 1847 Death of O'Connell, May 15. $50,000,000 expended by the government for relief of Irish sufferers. 1848 Chartist demonstrations in London. Irish rebellion, headed by Smith, O'Brien, Meagher, and others, suppressed, and the leaders condemned to death, Oct. 9. Cholera in Ireland. 1849 Sentence of Irish insurgents commuted to transportation. Irish Encumbered Estates Act passedl Cholera reappears in England, The Queen visits Ireland. 1850 Death of Sir Robert Peel, and the Duke of Cambridge. -- Pate assaults the Queen. 1851 The first "Great Exhibition" opened, May 1. First gold arrives from Australia. 1852 Death of Wellington, Sept. 14. Great riots in Belfast. Aberdeen becomes Prime Minister. 1853 English and French fleets enter the Bosphortus, Oct. 22. Protocol between England, Austria, France and Prussia signed, Dec. 5. 1854 Alliance between England, France, and Turkey, March 12. War declared against Russia, March 28. Crystal Palace opened by the Queen. S June 10. Treaty with the United States, regarding fishery claims. 1855 Resignation of the Aberdeen ministry, Jan. 2. Lord Palmerston appointed Prime Minister. Visit of the Emperor and Empress of France to England. The Queen and Prince Albert visit France. 1856 Peace with Russia proclaimed, April 19. War with China (q. v.) England at war with Persia. Herat taken by Persians, Oct. 25, English take Bushire, Dec. 10. M85' Beginning of the Indian mutiny (see In. dia). Great commercial panic; it is relieved by the suspension of the Bank Charter Act of 1844. Persian war closed by treaty of Teheran. Herat restored. Marriage of the Princess Royal to Prince9 Frederick William of Prussia, Jan. 25. Derby-Disraeli ministry formed, Feb. 2&L Jewish disabilities removed, July 23. The Conspiracy and Volunteer bills passed. The India Bill passed, Aug. 2. The government of the East India Company ceases, Sept. 1. 1859 England declares her neutrality in the Austro-Italian war. Derby ministry defeated on the reform bill. Organization of volunteer forces. Palmerston-Russell ministry formed June 18. Lord Palmerston resigns and returns. Lord Stanley Secretary for India. 18601 Commercial treaty with France. Peace effected with China, Oct. 24. The Prince of Wales visits the United States and Canada. I 1Death of the Duchess of Kent, the Queen's mother. Complications with the United States over the seizure of Messrs. Mason and Slidell, from a British mail steamer by the U. S. steamer "San Jacinto," Nov. 8. They are released by the U. S. government, Dec. 28. -., Death of Albert the Prince Consort, Dec,14. The Queen proclaims neutrality in Amer-, ican war.. S4 m =8mE,-,-4 Copyright. LO5, by Gee. A. Ogle & Co.

Page  132 I! S~~SUPPLE M-ENT:'X ANCIENT- MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY.............. rý 18& 1863 1864 2865 1866 1871 1874 1875 1876 1877/ 1878 1879 2 Great distress in the cotton manufactur.. ing districts in consequence of the civil war in America. Confederate "Alabama" sails from England. Second international exhibition, May 1. Marriage of Princess Alice to Louis of Hesse, July I. Prince Alfred declines the throne o Greece, Oct. 23. Seriotis riots in Ireland..1Continued distress in cotton districts. Marriage of the Prince of Wales to Princess Alexandra, of Denmark, March 10o I Birth of a son to the Prince of Waleso Visit of Garibaldi. The Ionian Islands ceded to Greece. Powers as to Confederate privateers discussed. European Conference, at London, on the Schleswig-Holstein question. Cattle plague in England and Ireland. Fenian troubles in Ireland; arrest of James Stephens, "Head Center," Nov. 11; escape of Stephens, Nov. 24. Russell-Gladstone ministry. Death of Richard Cobden, April 2. Death of Lord Palmerston, Oct. 18. Important commercial treaty with Austria, Dec. 16. Defeat of Lord Russell's reform bill, June 18. Resignation of Russell ministry, June 26. Derby forms his third cabinet, July 6. Cattle plague continues, causing great loss. Princess Helena marries Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein, July 5. Atlantic cable pronounced a success. Habeas Corpus suspended in Ireland. Fenian invasion of Canada. New reform act passed. War with Abyssinia begins, caused by im~prisonment of British subjects. Sir Robert Napier commands expedition. Fenian outbreaks in Ireland. Disraeli's reform,bill. The Dominion of Canada formed. Derby ministry resigns, Feb. 25. Disraeli forms new ministry, Feb. 25. Gladstone's bill for Dis establishment of Irish Church passes the House, April so. Scotch and Irish reform acts passed, July 13. Dissolution of Parliament, Dec. 10. Resignation of Disraeli ministry. Gladstone forms new ministry, Dec. 9. Successful termination of the Abyssinian war. The suicide of Theodore., King of Abyssinia, April 13. Convention on "Alabam-a Claims"' signed; it is rejected by the. United States. Earl Spencer appointed Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland. Irish Church bill receives the royal assent, July 26. Death of the Earl of Derby, Oct. 23. iMeasures adopted for the spread of primary education. Land bill of Ireland receives royal assent, July 8. Education bill. Neutrality in France. Prussian war'proc~laimed, July 19. Neutrality of Belgium guaranteed, Aug. Resignation of John Bright, Dec. 20. Death of the Earl of Clarendon, June 26. Princess Louise marries the Marquis of Lorne, March 20. Black Sea Conference, March 13. Treaty with the United States regarding Alabama claims, May S. The Irish Church Disestablishment bill goes into effect. MVeeting of the Alabama Claims Com Abolition of tests in the Irish Universities. Payment of the Geneva award. Death of Lord Lytton, Jan. 18. Defeat of the Dublin University bill. Resignation of the Gladstone ministry, March 13; ministry resumes offce, March 17. The Shah of Persia visits Erigland. Passage of the Judicature bill, Aug. 5. War -with the Ashantees; Sir Garnet Wolseley placed in command. Irish -educational bill fails. Marriage of the Duke of Edinburgh to Marie Alexandrovna of Russia, Jan. 23. Celebrated Tichborne trial, Feb. 28. Defeat of Ashantees, Jan. 31, and treaty of peace signed, Feb. 13. Disraeli becomes Prime Minister. Reopening of the Eastern question. The Prince of Wales visits India. France passes the English Channel Tunnel bill. Great revival under Moody and Sankey. England purchases the Suez canal. O'Connell centenary in Ireland. Quedn of England proclaimed Empress of India, March 1. Bulgarian atrocities produce intense excitement in England. Defeat of "Home Rule" for Ireland. Disraeli raised to the peerage as the Earl of Beaconsfield.. England takes part in the Eastern qu-.stion. Great Britain expresses her disapproval of the Russo-Turkish war, but decides to remain. neutral. Duke of Marlborough made Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland. Rejection of 4TAdstone's resolutions in regard to Turkey. Russian advance on" Constantinople pro-. duces great excitement in England. Several'changes in the ministry. Earl-of Leitrim shot in Ireland. Beaconsfield and Salisbury represent England in the Berlin Conference. Great commercial depression in England. British Afghanistan war. General Roberts' victory at Piewas Pass, Dec. 2. Jellalabad occupied by the Briti~sh, Dec. 20. Yakoob Khan recognized as Ameer of Afghan, May 9; retirement of British troops; treaty-of peace signed,.May 30; British residents at Cabul massacred, Sept. 3; Gen. Roberts reaches Cabul, Sept. 28" abdication of Yakoob Khan, Oct. 19; British defeat Afghans at Sherpur, Dec. 23. Zulu, South Africa, war; British troops enter Zululand, Jan. 3.2; mas-sacre of Isandula, Jan. 22. Vrictory at Kambula, March 29; Prince ~ Louis Napoleon, son of Emperor Napoleon III., killed by Zulus, June la Sir arnet Wolseley takes command, June.3;, battle of Ulundi, total defeat of the Zulu king, Cetewayo, July 4; capture of Cetewayo, Aug. 28. -Great distress and famine in Ireland. Parnell visits the United States In behalf of the Land League. Anti-rent agitation in Ireland. S1880 Continued fighting in Afghan; Shere Ali made Governor of Candahar; Yakoob Khan attacks Candahar and repulses Gen. Burrows, July 27; sortie from Candahar fails, Aug. 16; Gen'. Roberts relieves Candahar, Aug. 31; defeats Yakoob Khan, Sept. 1. R~esignation of the Beaconsfield Ministry, April 22; Gladstone forms a new ministry, April 29. Compensation for Disturbance Bill re. Jected. Lord Montmorris shot, Sept. 25. "'Boycotting" practiced. Arrest of Parnell, Healy and others on charge of conspiracy to prevent payment of rent. M88 Duke of Argyle resigns from cabinet, April 8. Death of Lord Beaconsfield. Lord Salisbury the Conservative Leader. Bradlaugh excluded from House of Commons. Coercion Act for Ireland passed, March 21. Irish Land Bill passed, Aug. 16. Yakoob Khan routs the Ameer and enters Candahar. Panl arrested under Coercion Act, 0Oct. 13. Land League declared illegal, Oct. 20. Yakoob Khan defeated by the Ameer, Sept. 22. Agrarian outrages in Ireland. 1882 Attempt on the Queen's life by McLean, March 2. State trial of McLean, who is adjudged insane. Prince Leopold married to Princess 11elena of Waldeck, April 27. Earl Spencer appointed Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland.. Lord Frederick Cavendish appointed Chief Secretary of Ireland. Lord Cavendish and Mr. Burke, Under Secretary, assassinated, in Dublin, May 6. Otto Trevelyan succeeds Lord Cavendish. The Repression of Crime bill passed, July 11. John Bright resigns, July 15, as a member of Gladstone's Cabinet, owing to Egyptian policy. The "Cloture" bill passed, permitting closing of debate by majority vote. Fiftieth anniversary of G 'ladstone's entry into public life, Dec. 13. Prayers offered in the Mosques of Cairo for the Queen, Dec. 13. Fire in Hampton Court Palace, Dec. 14. Arrears of Rent bill passed.. Married woman's property assessed. Anglo-Turkish Military Convention informally signed, Sept. 6. War in Egypt (q. v.) 1883 The assassins of Mr. Burke and Lord Cavendish identified., Feb. 10. Opening of the Royal College of Music,, May 1. The Marquis of Lansdowne appointed Governor-General of Canada. New Parcel Post first in operation, Aug. 1, Annexation of territory on African west coast proclaimed, Aug. 23. Surrender of Cetewayo to the Britishi residents, Oct. 6. Sir J. H. Glover appointed Governor of Newfoundland, Dec. 19. 1884 New Patents Act goes into operation, Jan. 1. Departure of Gen. Gordon for Egypt, Jan. 18. The Queen visits Darmstadt, April 16. Death of Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany,. March 28, aged 29. Monster reform demonstration in London, July 21. Jubilee of the abolition of slavery celebrated in London, Aug. 1. called outL-, March 26. The r -evised Bible published, May 18.' Princess Beatrice marries Prince Henry, of Battenburg, July 23. f Death of Sir Moses Montefiore, aged,101, July 28. 1885 Grant memorial services at Westminster, Aug. 4. 1886 Parnell's land bill defeated, Sept. 21. 1887 Queen's Jubilee inaugurated, June 21. Irish Crimes Bill passed, July 8. Irish National League proclaimed, Aug. 19. 1888 First White Chapel murder, April 2. U. S. Fishery Commission treaty signed. 1889 Marriage of Princess Louise of Wales, July 27. 1890 Rejection of overtures from the Pope, Aug. ii. Split in the Irish Parliamentary Party, Dec. 6. 1891 Newfoundland fishery dispute, March-.May. TU. S. World's Fair inmitation accepted, May. 1893 Battleship "Victoria" sunk by the "Camperdown," off the Syrian coast, 400 men perished. The Duke of York married Princess Mary of Teck, July 6. Manchester Ship Canal opened, Dec. 7. 1895 Defeat of the Liberal party and fall of the Rosebery Cabinet; is succeeded by the Ea~rl of Salisbury and a new Radical Cabinet..1899 Beginning of Boer War in So. Africa, Oct. 11. 1901 Queen" Victoria Died, Jran. 0" King Edward VII. ascends ithrone. 1902 Boer War, in South Africa, ended in Miay. 1905 Post Office began to receive messages for wireless transmission to ships at sea, Jan. 1. AUS03TRALIA. 1770) Captain Cook, Sir Joseph Banks and others land at Botany Bay and name the country New South Wales, April 28. 1773 Explorations of Furneaux. 1774 Capt. Cook explores Australia and New Zealand. 1777 Capt. Cook makes a third voyage of exploration. 1788 First landing of English convicts at Port Jackson. Phillips, first Governor, founds Sydney, with 1,039 persons, Jan. 26. 1789-'92 Voyage of Bligh. 1790 Distress, owing to the loss of the storeship "Guardian." 1793 First house for Public Worship erected. 1795 First publication of ýGovernme-nt Gazette. 1798 Bass' Straits discovered., by Dass and ". Flinders. 1800-"05 Explorations and surveys of the coast of Australia, by Grant and Flinders. 1802 First brick cburch built. 1803 Van Dieman's Land, now Tasmania, established; first settlement made at Port Philip.. 1 1804 Insurrection of Irish convicts repressed. 1808 Gov. Bligh deposed for tyranny and sent home; succeeded by Mac Quarrie. 1817-'23 Explorations into the interior of Australia, by W\Aentworth, Lawson, Bloxand, Oxley and others. 1826 Setltlement of King George's Sound formed. 1828 South Australia explored by Stuart. 1829 West Australia made a province; a Legislative Council established and Capt. Sterling appointed LieutenantGovernor. 1[8.30) Stuart further explores South Australia. Fifty ships, with 2,000 emigrants, arrive in Western Australia. 1831 East Australia explored by Sir T. Mitchell. 1831 Boundaries of the province of South Australia fixed. 1835 First Roman Catholic bishop arrives. Port Phillip, now Victoria, colonized. 1836 South Australia a province. Arrival of first Church of England Bishop. Adelaide founded. Eyre's expedition overland from Adelaide to King-~George's Sound. M'elbourne founded. 1838 Explorations of Capt. Gray in northwest Australia. 1839 New South WVales and Tasmania explored by Count Stizelecki. Alleged discovery of gold in Bathurst kept secret by Gov. Gipps. Suspension of transportation. 1840} Eyre explores West Australia. Stizelecki explores the Australian Alps. 1841 Census, 87,200 males; 43,700 females. 1[842 Incorporation of the City of Sydney. Discovery of the Burra-Burra copper Smines, in South Australia.:1844-'48 Explorations of Leichhardt, Stuart., Mitchell, Gregory and Kennedy. 1846 Fitzroy "made Governor-General. Census, 114,700 males;, 74,800 females. 1847 Bishopric of Adelaide founded. 1848 Leichhardt starts on second exploration;party never heard of again. Kennedy killed by natives. Gregory explores the interior. 1849 Great agitation against transportation. 1850 Port Philip erected into the province Aof Victoria. 1851 Gold discovered, near Bathurst, by Edward Hargreaves; intense excitement in the provinces; great rush to the gold regions. 1854 Sir William Dennison appointed Governor-General. 1855 Gregory's expedition into the Interior. 185&-'62 J. McDonald Stuart's expeditions. Death of Archdeacon Cowper, after nearly fifty years' residence, aged 80. 1859 Province of Queensland established-, Dec. 4. 1860 Burke and Willis and two others cross t he continent, starting from Melbourne Aug. 20; all perish on the return., next Syear, except John King. Sir John Young, Governor of New South Wales. 1861 Stuart and M'Kinlay cross from sea to sea. 1863 Recovery of the remains of Burke and Willis. 1861 General resistance throughout the provinces against transportation. 1865 Death of Morgan, a desperate bush. ranger and murderer. Cessation of transportation' to Australia in three years announced. SSettlement of boundary between New South Wales and Victoria, April 19. 1866 Population of Australia, natives excluded, 1,298,667* 1867 Capt. Cad~ll. explores 'South Australia; Sdis'covers mouth of river Roper. Meeting of Convention from Colonies at ~Melbourne,., to arrange postal communication wit~h Europe.,Majority vote in favor of a tariff corn Smission and the establishment of an ' Australian Court of Appeal. 1882 Terrible mining 'accident at Creswick Talbot, Victoria, Dec. 14. 1883 Confederation of the colonies and annexation of Papua, New Guinea. Opening of the New University of South Wales and Monmouthshire, Oct. 24. 1885 New South.Wales contingent leaves Sydney for the Soudan, March 3. 1890 Fire in'Sydney causing a loss of $7,500,000, Oct. 2. 1891 Federation Convention draft a Constitution for the Commonwealth of Australia, Apr~il.3. 1893 Serious floods in Queensland, property and life lost. 1895 Great panic in the money market; many banks and business houses fail. 181 181 1821 1821 182E 183( 1832 182E 1832 1831 1839 1840 1843( 1844 1845 1848 1849 1850 1851 1852 1853 18547 1855 1856 1864 1865 12 Americans carry Queenstown Heights. Death of General Brock.. 13 ~Americans defeated at Frenchltown. Capture of Toronto, April 27, and Fort' George, May 27, by the Americans, Defeat of the British at Sacketts Harbor, May 29. Victory of Americans at Stony Creek,. June 6. Indecisive~ battle of Williamsburg, Nov. 7. Commodore Perry's victory on Lake Erie. Capture of English squadron. Defeat of Proctor at the Thames, andl death of Tecumseh. L4 United -States troops successful at battle of Longwood, March 4. Defeat of -the British at Chippewa, July 25. Battle of Lundy's Lane. Naval battle on Lake Champlain. Treaty of Ghent closes the war. L6 Sir George Sherbroke becomes Governor of Lower -Canada. L7 Political agitation in Upper Canada. Career of Robert Gourlay. [8 Duke of Richmond appointed Governor of Lower Canada.,'2 Antagonism bewnte French and English inhabitants of Lower Canada. 4 WVelland Canal incorporated. First agitation against the Orangemen. 5 Agitation in Upper Canada on the alien bill. W iackenzie's printing office destroyed by a mob. 8 Petition against misuse of revenues. 9 First agitation for a responsible government in Upper Canada. 0O Lord Aylmer becomes Governor of Lower Canada. 2 Imperial duties surrendered to the Canadian Assembly. ý5 The Pupinean party aim at a total separation from Great Britain. 6 First Canadian railway opened. House of Assembly refuse supplies. ý7 Coercive measure of the British Parliament. 11ouse of Assembly of Lower Canada refuses to transact business. "'Sons of Liberty" rise in Montreal.. Commercial crisis in Canada and the United States, Troops withdrawn from Upper Canada. Rebellion in Upper Canada begins. Attempt the capture of Toronto, Dec. 4. Totally defeated by St. Eustace, Dec. 14. Rebels receive aid from sympathizers in the United States. Affair of the "Caroline." 8Sir John Colborne appointed Governor, Jan. 16. Affairs of the "Anne" and the "Sir Robert Peel." End of the rebellion in Upper Canada. Resignation of Sir Francis Head, who is succeeded by Lord Durham. SUnion of Upper and Lower Canada. Lord Sydenham appointed Governor. SSettlement of the clergy reserves question. Responsible government established. Death of Lord Sydenham.." Charles P. Thompson Governor. I Sir Charles Metcalf appointed Governor. I Government removed from Kingston to Montreal. Great fire in Quebec. I Earl Cathcart Governor. Lord Elgin Governor-General, October. Agitation over the Rebellion Losses bill. 3Continued agitation over the Rebellion Losses bill. Annexation to the United States advo'cated by the opposition. " Great riots in Montreal. Destruction of Parliament House, April 26. Attack on Lord Elgin. Vubsidenee of the agitation. Ottawa, formerly Bytown, made the seat of the provincial governiment by Queen Victoria; the opposition defeat this scheme. Visit of the Prince of -Wales to Canada. Great fire in Quebec. June 7. Commeheement of the civil war in the United States; fears of hostilities 'with that nation. " Lord Monck made Govern or-Ge-neral, Nov. 28. British troops sent to Canada on account of "Trent" aftfair. Resignation of ministry; Macdonald forms a new cabinet. Death of Sir Allan 5i'Nab. Delegates, assemble at Quebec to discuss confederation of American colonies, Oct.- I0. C"onfederate refugees make a raid from Canada on St. Albans, Vt., Oct. 19; Ca-nadians arrest them upon their return, followed by their discharge, Dec. 14; General Dix proclaims reprisals; order rescinded by President Linco'.n. Parliament agrees to a confederation. Great fire at Quebec. Canada Parliament vote zC50,000 for defense of the Dominion, March 23. Canada consents to union of the provinces, April 1. First Parliament of the Dominion meets at Ottawa, June 7.. Discoveryof gold in Hastings County, N'ovember. Termination of the Reciprocity Treaty with the United States. Fenian invasion threate-ned. Fenians, under O'Neill, cross into Canada; Canadian volunteers drive them back and disperse them. 14abeas Corpus suspended. Mr. Gait's new tariff. Formation of the Dominion of Canada by the confederation. of Canada, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, March 29. Lord Monck appointed Viceroy, July 2. Canadian Railway Loan act passed, April 12. Sir John Young becomes Governor-General, Nov. 27. Hudson Day territories purchased for L 1100, 000. Second Fenian raid repelled by militia; the leader, O'Neill, captured by United States troops. 1\1 anitoba, formerly Rupert's Land, formed and becomes a part of the Dominion of Canada. Prince Alfred visits Canada. British Columbia joins the Dominion of Canada. Discussion of the Fisheri 'es question. Prince Edward's Island becomes a part of the Dominion of Canada. Earl* of Dufferin becomes Governor-General. Macdonald's ministry charged with corruption, and forced to resign; new ministry formed by Mackenzie. Rejection of Reciprocity Treaty by United States. Destruction of St. Hyacinthe by fire, Sept. 3. 4 -, \-, I I 1877 United States and Canada Fishery Commission, at Halifax, award Canada $5,500,000. 1878 Tl-he Marquis of Lorne, son-in-law of SQueen Victoria, appointed Viceroy, Oct. 14. Fortune Day outrages. United States pay Fishery a-ward, Nov. 21. Arrival of Marquis of Lorne and Princess Louise, Nov. 25~ 1879 Industrial Exposition at Ottawa. 1880 Earl of Salisbury refuses compensation for Fortune Bay affair; Lord Granville grants it. 1881 $75,000 award for Fortune Bay outrages. Bill to construct railroad from Halifax to Buzzard Inlet passed, June 31. Patents issued to Canadian Pacific Railway Company, Feb..16. 1883 The Marquis of Lansdowne appointed Governor-General, May 21. Sir John Hawley Glover appointed Governor of Newfoundland. 1884 Meeting of the British Association, at Montreal, Aug. 27. Dynamite explosions at Quebec, Oct. 11. 1885 Opening conflict at Fish Creek with the half-breed and Indian rebels, under Louis Riel, April 24. Capture, near Batoche, of Louis Riel. 1886 Opening of the Canadian Pacific Railway. Resolution against the Coercion Bill passed April 26. 1888 Newfoundland refuses to join Canada, $, April. Lord Stanley made Governor, June 11. 1889 Weldon Extradition Bill passed, April 26.f, 1890 Toronto University burned, Feb. 1P1. 1891 Government party sustained at general election, March 6. General census taken April 5. 1893 Earl of Aberdeen appointed GovernorGeneral, May 11. 1895 School war in Manitoba. U UN IT ED )ST'ATES, 1765 First Medical College established In Philadelphia. The Stamp Act passed, in. England, March 22. Virginia resolutions against right of taxation, May 29. A congress of the colonies proposed by Massachusetts, June 26. Congress of 27 delegates meet at New York and publish a declaration of the rights and rules against the Stamp Act, Oct. 7. Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Delaware and Maryland unite in resisting Stamp Act, November. 1766 Dr. Franklin -visits England, and is ex-'ý amined before the House of Commnons, in February. Stamp Act repealed, March 18. Stage route between Providence and Boston established. Philip Embury and Captain Webb first introduce Methodism in America. 1767 An obnoxious tax imposed on paper, glass, tea and painters' colors imported by the colonies. Colonies adopt a non-importation agreement. Mason and Dixon, sent out by the heirs of Win. Penn and Lord Baltimore, run a line to define the boundaries of their possessions. It afterwards became t+7 - Repeal of the duties on tea. 1771 Insurrection in North Carolina a-Lain the government officers by regulators;: rebellion suppressed, May 16, by Governor Tryon and six regulators hanged. 1772 The British man-of-war Gaspee burned in Narrag-ansett Bay by Americans from Providence. 1773 First American Methodist Conference, consisting of ten ministers, all of foreign birth. Blind Asylum established at Williamsburgh, Va., the first in America. The cargoes of the tea-ships in Boston thrown into the harbor by masked men, Dec. 16. 1774 Boston Port Bill deprives Boston of its port rights, A-arch 25. Meeting of the First Continental or Second Colonial Congress, at Philadelphia, Sept. 5. Congress issues a Declaration of''Rights, Nov. 4. 1775 Commencement of the Revolutionary War. Battle of Lexington,- April 19; -British. retreat. Perpetual Union of the Colonies formed, Alay 20. General Washington Commander-inChief of the Continental forces, June 15. Americans under ~Ethan Allen take Ti-. conderoga, May 10. Generals Howe, Clinton and Burgoyne arrive from England. Defeat of the Americans at Bunker Hill, after stubborn resistance, June 17. Washington assumes command at Cambridge, July 3. Continental Fast Day, July 20. Falmouth burned by the British, Oct. 17. Generals Montgomery and Arnold invade Canada; capture of St. John, Nov. 8; of Montreal, Nov. 12. Repulse of Ar-( nold at Quebec, Nov. 14; second and joint assault defeated and Montgomery killed, Dec. 31. 1776 Destruction of Norfolk by the British., Jan. 1. Boston evacuated by the British in consequence of the Americans having taken possession of Dorchester Heights, which commanded the harbor, March 17. Washington arrives at New York, April 14. Declaration of Independence, July 4. Commissioners sent by Congress, to solicit a treaty with the French. Battle of Flatbush, or Brooklyn, on Long Island; Howe (loss 400) defeats the American generals, Putnam and Sullivan (loss 2,000), Aug. 27. New York evacuated by the Americans and occupied by the British, Sept. 15. Battle of White Plains; Howe (loss 300 or 400) defeats Washington (loss 300 or 400), Oct. 28.? Battle of Lake Champlain; capture of the American fleet, Oct. 11'-!33. (Fort Washington capitulates, Nov. 16. English occupy Rhode Island. Washington retreats beyond the Dela. ware, Nov. 28. Congress adjourns to Baltimore, Dec. 1 1 I I I 1t 1866 1767 1768 1774. 1775 1776 1784 1791 1792 1791 1803;A N A DAs English Stamp Act accepted by Canadian Provinces.. Sir Guy Carleton -Governor. Great fire in Montreal. lRoman Catholic citizens of Canada confirmed in their political. rights and property. Legislative council of 23 members ap1,omiied. Comnmencement of th-e American Wiar of Independence. Invasion of Canada by'the Americans, under Montgomery and D. Arnold. Fort St. John taken' by -Montgomery, Nov. 3. Montreal captured, N~ov. 12. Arnold's attack on Quebec repulsed, Nov. 14. Arn-old and Montgomery attackrQuebec, D'ecembev 31. Failure of attack- and death of Montgomery. The Americans retreat from Canada, June [8. Settlement of Upper Canada. Canada is given a constitution, and is divided into upper and lower provhinces. First I-ouse of Assembly'opened. Toronto made the capital of Upper Canada. Slavery abolished in Canada. Second war between the United States and Great Britain. Capture of Detroit by the British, Aug. 15. Surrender of General 'Wordsworth, Oct,. r 14. _Wý Van Rensselear capitulates, Nov. 27. 1867 1868 1869 1870 1871 1872 1873 1875 1876 1 9ý I i Copyright., 1905, by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. I as= m i m

Page  133 SUPPLEMEN'r-XX. o ANCIENT, MEDIEVAL AND MODERN HISTORY. 1 Em tl et Tmwtwso Wu&1sgftp (tsan efeaW Rahl and his Hemti a m 2,0W, Dec. 20. W ]ttle of Princeton; Washtngtt 2W) defeats Mawhood (loss 400)._ Battle of Bennington, Vt.; Sta" a IN) defeats Baum and Breme (lo 6Wt). Battle of Brandywine; Howe (Im Me defeats Washington (toss JAN), Sept Arrival of Lafayette, who IS made a Major-General in Continental Army. Mhiladelphia occupied by the British, Sept. 27. Battle of Germantown; Howe (loss 600) defeats Washington (loss 1,200), Oct. 3-4. Second battle, near Stillwater; Gen. Gates (loss 350) defeats Burgoyne (loss 600), Oct. 7. Surrender of Burgoyne, at Saratoga, with 5,752 men, to Gates, Oct. 17. Articles of Confederation adopted by Con': gress, Nov. 15. American independence recognized by France, Dec. 16. 2M Treaty with France concluded, Feb. 6. Philadelphia evacuated by the British, June 18. Battle of Monmouth; Washington (loss 230) defeats Clinton (loss 400), June 26. Massacre of Wyoming Valley, July 3. Count d'Estaing, with twelve ships of the line, six frigates, and French troops, arrives. Battle on Rhode Island; Sullivan (loss 211) defeats Pigot (loss 260), Aug. 29. Americans retreat from Rhode Island, Aug. 30. Savannah seized by the British, Dec. 29. Repulse of Americans at Briar Creek, March 3. S New Haven plundered by the British, July 5. Fairfield and Green Farms, in Connecticut, taken by the British, July 7. Stony Point taken by the Americans, July 16. Charleston, S. C., surrendered to the British, May 12. Battle of Camden, 2. C.; Cornwallis (loss 325) defeats General Gates (loss 730), Aug. 16.,Benedict Arnold betrays and deserts his country. Major Andre captured, Sept. 23, and hung as a spy, Oct. 2. SBattle of Cowpens; American General Morgan (loss 72) defeats Tarleton (loss 800), Jan. 17. Assembling of Congress, March 2, artdcles of Confederation having been ratified by all the States. Defeat of General Greene by Cornwallis, at Guilford. Battle of Eutaw Springs; General Greene (loss 555) defeats Stewart (loss 1,100), Sept. 8. The traitor, Arnold, burns New Londong Sept. 6. Surrender of Lord Cornwallis, at Yorktown, with 7,073 men, to Washington, Oct. 19. 12 Independence of the United States acknowledged by Holland, April 19. 2M Independence acknowledged by Sweden,, Denmark, Spain and Prussia. Armistice with Great Britain, Jan. 20. Peace with Great Britain, at Treaty of Paris, Sept. 23. New York evacuated, Nov. 25. Resignation of General Washington. Dem 23. 1784 Treaty of peace ratified by Congress, Jan. 4. 3785 John Adams sent to England as first Ambassador from the United States. T786 Cotton introduced into Georgia. Shay's rebellion in Massachusetts. Delegates assemble at Annapolis, an recommend a Convention to revise articles of Confederation. SS Meeting of Convention at Philadelphia, George Washington presiding. Constitution of the United States adopted, Sept. 17. SConstitution ratified by all the States except Rhode Island and North Car(>, lina. Emancipation of slaves by the Quakers of Philadelphia. 9 First Congress meets at New York. George Washington elected first F~resSo dent of the United States. North Carolina ratifies the Constitution. SW Death of Benjamin Franklin, April 17. Rhode Island ratifies the Constitution. Hamilton's financial schemes proposed. SBank of the United States established, at Philadelphia. Vermont admitted at the fourteenth State. Indians defeat St. Clair. W2 Kentucky admitted as the fifteenth State. The Columbia river discovered by Captain Grey. Washington City chosen as the capital of the republic. MS Invention of the cotton gin by Whitney, resulting in the revolutionizing of the culture of cotton. Trouble with the French Ambassador, Genet. 1794 Washington's second term as President begins. Whisky rebellion in Pennsylvania. France recalls Genet. Jay's treaty with Great Britain. 3795 Congress ratifies Jay's treaty. 1796 Tennessee admitted as the sixteentb State. Resignation of George Washington. 1797 John Adams inaugurated as President. Treaty with France annulled. 1798 War with France threatened. 2799 Death of Washington, at Mt. Vernom, Dec. 14. WO The Government removed from Philadelphia to Washington. Treaty signed with France. General Bankruptcy Law passed. ""i Inauguration of Thomas Jefferson as, President. New York Evening Post established. War with Tripoli commenced, June 10. Death of Benedict Arnold, June 14. ISM Ohio admitted as the seventeenth State. Port of New Orleans closed by Spain, and American vessels forbidden to pass down Mississippi river. 2803 Louisiana purchased from the French; $15,000,000 paid. Pianos first manufactured at Boston. 1804 Aaron Burr kills Alexander Hamilton in a duel, July 11. Frigate "President" destroyed at Tripoli by Decatur, Feb. 4. Fort Dearborn, present site of Chicago, built. Lewis & Clark's expedition starts acros the plains. I= Treaty of peace with Tripoli, Jan. 4. Ice first becomes an article of commere-. Seizure of armed Amercan vessels by England. Lewis and Clark arrive at mouth Of Me Columbia river. 2896 American commerce affected by blockade of French and English coqts. W? British vessels ordered to leaveU nte States waters. Trouble with England respeting +ae rights of neutrals. Attack on the American ship "Che&a% peaike,/ by the Briti h ship, "Leopard," June 22. Embargo on American,_Ips declared. Dec. 22. Acquittal of Aaron Burr on charge of conspiracy. 3 te Ret am survey ordered by CGm 1D4oratioa of slaves forbidden by Co* gross. Rh Terry manufactures first wooden clocks. FR2ton's first successful steamboat. Abolition of the slave trade, Jan. 2. France orders the seizure and conflscatton of American vessels. First printing office west of the Mississippi, established at St. Louis. First Bible Society founded, in Philadelphia. 1809 First woolen mills started, in New York. Embargo repealed, March 1. James Madison President. Intercourse. between France and England forbidden. 1810 132 confiscated American vessels sold by Napoleon. First manufacture of steel pens begun. First agricultural fair, held at Georgetown. Porcelain clay discovered in Vermont. Hartford Fire Insurance Company incorporated. 1811 Engagement between U. S. frigate "President," and British sloop, "Little Belt." Depredations on American vessels by France and England. Stevens devises plan for. plating vessels. First manufacture of screws by machinery. Battle of Tippecanoe; Gen. Harrison defeats Tecumseh, Nov. 7. Reparation made by the British for the %tattack on the "Chesapeake." Great earthquake at New Madrid, Mo. Astor's fur company establishes post of Astoria. Breech loading rifles invented. 1812 Embargo laid for ninety days. Louisiana admitted into the Union. Congress levies a tax of $3,000,000. Additional force of 35,000 men authorized. Detachment of militia, not exceeding 100,000 men, authorized. War declared against Great Britain, June 12. British orders in council revoked, June 23. Van Home defeated, Aug. 5. Defeat of Miller, Aug. 8. Gen. Hull invades Canada, July 12; surrenders Mackinaw, July 17. Hull surrenders Detroit with 2,500 men, Aug. 16. The "Alert," a British ship of war, captured by the "Essex," Aug. 13. The "Guerriere," a British frigate, captured by the "Constitution" ("Old Ironsides"), Capt. Hull, Aug. 19. Gen. Harrison takes command of the Northwestern army. Queenstown attacked, unsuccessfully, by the Americans, Oct. 13. The "Frolic," a British ship, captured by the U. S. sloop of war "Wasp." Both vessels afterwards taken by the "Poictiers," a British 74. The "Macedonian," a British frigatea captured by the "United States," Commodore Decatur, Oct. 25. The "Java," a British frigate captured by the "Constitution," Capt. Baln bridge, Dec. 29. 2IM At the River Raisin, the British and Indians surprise and defeat Winchester. Most of the Americans were massacred by the Indians, who were left unprotected by Gen. Proctor, July 1S. The "Peacock," a B~ritish ship, captured by the "Hornet," Feb. 23. The inauguration of James Madison as President, March 4. The Creek Indians subdued by Gen. Jackson. The American coast blockaded by m~e British. Duel between Gen. Jackson and CoS. Benton. York (now Toronto) in Upper Canada, taken by the Americans, under Gem. Pike, who was killed, April 27. The "Chesapeake" frigate taken by the British frigate "Shannon," June 1. First rolling mill at Pittsburgh. Stereotyping first introduced into America. Death of Capt. Lawrence, of the "Chega peake." Battle of Fort George, May 27. British attack on Sackett's Harbor repulsed, May 28. Forts Meigs and Stephenson attacked by the British and Indians. The U. S. brig "Argus" taken bY the British sloop "Pelican," Aug. 14. The British brig "Boxer" captured by the UT. S. brig "Enterprise," Sept. 4. The British fleet, 63 guns, on Lake Erie, captured by the American fleet, R guns, under Commodore Perry, Sept. 10. Massacre of Fort Mimms, AlaL, by the Indians, Aug. 30. Battle of Williamsburg, Nov. 11. Burning of Newark, Canada, Nov. 12. Buffalo burned by the British, Dee. 1. The British capture Fort Niagara, Dec. 29. Niagara frontier ravaged by the British, Dec. 30. Gen. Harrison, after having crossed Jnto Canada, defeats and disperses the British army under Gen. Proctor, near the River Thames; death of Tecumseh, Oct. 5. M814 The frigate "Essex" captured, at Valparaiso, by two British vessels. Battle of Horse Shoe Bend, March 20. The "Epervier," a British vessel, captured by the "Peacock," April 29. Oswego bombarded and taken by the British, May 6. The "Reindeer," a British vessel, captured, by the "Wasp," June 25. Fort Erie captured by the Americans under Gen. Brown, July 3. Battle of Chippewa. Brown defeats Drummond, July 5. Battle of Bridgewater, Lundy's Lane. Brown and Scott defeat Drummond and Rial, July 25. The British bombard Stonington, Conn., Aug. 9., Battle of Fort Erie, Aug. 15. Battle of Bladensburg. British General, Ross, defeats Winder, Aug. 24. British enter Washington, and burn the public buildings. Alexandria taken by the British, Aug. 29. The "Avon," a British vessel, captured by the "Wasp," Sept. 1. Attack on Fort Bower (now Morgan) Ala., Sept. 5. The British fleet on Lake Champlain, 95 gums, Commodore Downie, captured by the American fleet, of 86 guns, Commodore MacDonough, and their army defeated at Plattsburg, by Gen. Macomb, Sept. 11. British expelled from Pensacola, by Jacksen, Nov. 7. Battle an Lake Borgue, La., Dec. 14. Battle below New Orleans, Dec. 22, Jethro Wood patents his own plow. Perkins makes first steel plates for M graving. Massacre at Fort Dearbmrn, (Chicag) Indians. Attack on Baltimore. Bombardment of Fort McHenry. Britisr- defeated, and Gen. Rosk lmd; Sept. 14. Treaty of peace with Great R ntal signed, at Ghent, Dec. 24. 1815 Battle of New Orleans. Defeat of the British, with the loss of w == their leader, Gen. Packenham, by Gen.. Jackson, 'Jan. 8. 'Capture of the frigate "President" by the British squadron, Jan. 15. Treaty of Ghent ratified by the Senate, Feb. 17. "OConstitution" captures the "Cyane" and "Levant," Feb. 20. War declared with Algiers. The "Penguin" captured by the "'Hor net," March 23. Commodore Decatur sent against Algiers. Decatur captures Algerine frigate, June 17. Hunt first manufactures axes. Terrific gale and flood in New England, Sept. 23.. 1816 Indiana admitted as a State. Second United States bank chartered. Steam first applied to paper making. Election of James Monroe, President. Mrs. Emma Willard opens her girls' school at Troy. This was known as the year without a summer. 1817 Illinois admitted into the U'n. Pensions granted revolutionary soldiers. Jackson subdues Indians in Georgia and Alabama. Erie Canal commenced. Mississippi admitted into the Union. Harper Bros. publishing house founded. Clymer invents Columbian printing press. New England Deaf and Dumb Asylum founded. 1818 Foundation of the new Capitol laid, at Washington, Aug. 24. Pensacola, Fla., captured from the Spanish. by Jackson. 1819 The "Savannah," the first steam packet that crosses the Atlantic, makes a voyage to Liverpool. The first permanent Lodge of Odd Pellows founded, in Baltimore, April 26. Alabama admitted into the Union, Dec. 14. 1820 Passage of the Missouri Compromise. Florida ceded to the United States by Spain for $5,000,000. Maine admitted into the Union, March 15. Heated discussion in Congress on the slavery question. Percussion caps for guns first introduced. Re-election of James Monroe as President. Petroleum first discovered in Ohio. Macadamized roads first introduced. Death of Daniel Boone. t81, Missouri admitted into the Union, Aug. 10. Jackson takes possession of Florida, July 21. Burnett first introduces lithography. Straw hats first made from American straw. 128 The United States acknowledge the independence of the South American RApublips. First English firm in California opens house at Monterey. Death of Maj.-Gen. Stark. First cotton mill built in Lowell. Hiliott makes first platform scales. War with the Cuban pirates. -as first successfully introduced in Boston. The Monroe doctrine, June 18. First gas company in New York. First teachers" seminary opened in Concord, Vt. The principles of Robert Owen preached. Pins first made by machinery. First reformatory school founded in NeW York. Act passed to protect and encourage etton manufactures. Convention with Great Britain to suppress slave trade, March 13. onvention with R~ussia in relation to northwest boundary, April 6. tsrival of Lafayette on a visit to tfee i^~tion of John Quincy Ad ms as President* SThe Capitol at "Washington completed. Slirst edge tool manufactory establishe. mith, a trapper, performs th first overland ffourney to California, and found Folsom. Departure of Lafayette for France, 5 Deaths of Thomas Jefferson and Joh~ Adams. Convention with Great Britain concern~ ing indemnities. Fiftieth anniversary o American Iad~pendence, July 4. Great anti-mason excitement. Abduction of' William Morgan. Baron Von Humboldt visits the United States. (pening of the Erie Canal, Oct. 26. Duel between Henry Clay and John ) Randolph. Delano's first fire-proof safes. 1N? Treaty with Creek Indians concluded. Treaty with the Kansas Indians, and the great and little Osages. Treaty with the Republic of Colombia. Continued intense excitement over the "Morgan affair". First railroad built at Quincy, Massachusetts, and operated by horse power. M Passage of the Protective Tariff Bill. Sandpaper and emery first made. First locomotive introduced from England, by the Delaware and Hudson Canal Company. Baltimore and Ohio railroad commenced. Congress makes provision for officers of the revolutionary war. Democrat and Republican first chosen by their respective political parties. General Jackson elected President. Treaty of Peace with Brazil and BuenoS Ayres. Planing mill first patented. 1829 Andrew Jackson, President, opposes the project to recharter the Bank of the United States. Independence of Mexico recognized. Webster's great speech in Congress, Jan..26. Virginia passes resolution against Tariff bill. First Asylum for the Blind established. First Horticultural Society formed. Removal of 700 officeholders by Jackson. 183I Commercial treaty with Turkey. "South Carolina asserts "States Rights". The Mormon church founded by Joseph Smith, April 6. Building of the South Carolina railroad. American Institute of Learning founded. Great debate between Webster and Hayne. 1831 Intense Tariff and Free trade excitement. Garrison starts the "Liberator" antislavery paper. Death of James Monroe, July 4. Manning mowing machines patented. Guthrie discovers chloroform. "Howe invents first practical pin machine. Buttons first made by machinery. Western College of Teachers established. 2 President Jackson vetoes the Bank Bi6. Now protective tariff measure passed. South Carolina nullification movement. U. S. frigate "Potomac," attacks Qua]la Batoo, Feb. 6. First case of asiatic cholera in U. S. June 21. Black Hawk war, and his capture, Aug. 27.1 University of New York organized, Sept. 26. Re-election of Andrew Jackson as President. Death of Charles Carroll, last surviving signer of Declaration of Independence. N-M 1&32 Morse invents electric magnet telegraph. Cholera in New York, 3,400 deaths. Fairbank's Scale first patented. 2M The President removes the public deposits from the Bank of the United States. President Jackson begins his second term, March 4. The Southern States hold a states-right Convention. Clay's Compromise Tariff law passed. Gayler invents first practical safe. Death of John Randolph, May 24. Removal of several Indian tribes west of the Mississippi. Hoe's double-cylinder printing-press constructed. First successful reaper patented. Ericsson invents the caloric engine. 1834 Congress passes a vote of censure against the President for removing bank deposits; subsequently expunged. Lucifer matches first made. Walter Hunt invents first sewing machine, but fails to perfect and patent. Dr. Howe invents raised alphabet for use of the blind. "-11835 Great fire in New York. Congress establishes branch mints In Georgia, North Carolina, and Louisiana. Government purchase Cherokee bonds for $5,200,000. New York Herald established by Bennett. Death of Chief Justice Marshall, July 6. Roger Brooks Taney, appointed Chief Justice. Seminole Indian war renewed. Gas first introduced into Philadelphia. Brown makes first gold pens with diamond points. Guano becomes an article of commerce in the U. S. _ Massacre of Maj. Dade and his command in Florida. 1836 The national debt virtually paid. Arkansas admitted into the Union. Battle of San Jacinto, Texas; Santa Anna defeated and a prisoner, April 21. Bequest of James Smithson to the U. S. of $515,169. Sm-lthsonian Institute- at Washington founded. Death of James Madison, June 28. Governor Call, of Georgia, invades Seminole country. Sam Houston elected President of Texas, Oct. 22. Martin Van Buren elected President, Burning of the Patent and General Postoffice at Washington. Texas declared independent. Sam Colt invents the revolver. First National Temperance Convention held at Saratoga. Adams' great debate for the right Oft petition. Death of Aaron Burr. Sioux and Winnebago Indians removed beyond the Mississippi. Scott subdues the Creek Indians. IM Great financial crash and panic throughout the country. Harnden originates the express business. Michigan, admitted into the Union. IM irst zinc produced in the country. Wilkes' exploring expedition to the South Pole. United States Bank suspends specie payment, Oct. 5. Mormon war in Missouri..8 Intense political excitement. The Log Cabin campaign. Election of William Henry Harrison as President. Goodyear invents vulcanized rubber. The first steam fire engine constructed by Ericsson. Sub-Treasury bill becomes a law, June Q0. First Washingtonian Society founded. Adams' Ex=press Company organized. Wilkes discovers Antarctic continent. 1i4 William H. Harrison inaugurated, March 4, dies April 4; John Tyler, Vice-Presio dent, inaugurated President, April 6. McLeod difficulty.Webster's (Noah) Dictionary first pubSub-Treasury bil! repealed, Aug. 9. Bankruptcy Act becomes a law, Aug. 1s. Imprisonment for debts due the government abolished. Greeley establishes the iNew York Tribune. 1542 Kingford produces the first sample of Mutiny on? Unit~ed States brig of war "(Soiners"* instigated by Midshipman, Spencer. The Fourier community excitement. Fremont's expedition to the Rocky Mountains. Ashburton or first Washington Treaty signed, with England, Aug. 9. Bunker Hill monument completed. Termination of war with Seminoles. Lucifer matches first made by machinery. President vetoes bill for National Bank. Dorr rebellion in Rhode Island. Bankrupt Act repealed, March 3. Death of Dr. Channing, Oct. 2. 1U43 William Miller and the "Millerites." $30 000 voted by Congress to aid Morse to establish telegraph lines. Fremont expxores Columbia River, Willamet Valley, and Klamath Lake. Great comet visible during the day. Death of Noah Webster. Wilder's patent for fire-proof safe. 1944 Explosion of the gun, the "peace-maker," killing the Secretaries of Nayy and State. Commercial treaty with China. First telegraph line from Washington to Baltimore. First anti-slavery candidate nominated for the presidency. The "Midas," first American steamboat, rounds Cape of Good Hope. James K. Polk elected President. Mormon war in Illinois, murder of Joseph Smith; Brigham Young selected as his successor. Copper discovered in Michigan. Texas asks for annexation. First telegraph line. 1845 Texas annexed by Act of Congress, Mexico takes offense. Florida and Iowa admitted into the Union. War declared by Mexico, June 4. Naval school at Annapolis opened. Elias Howe produces his first sewing machine. Great fire in Pittsburgh. Serious fire in New York, 300 buildings burned. Death of Justice Joseph Story. First manufacture of files. Zachary Taylor, with 4,000 troops, advanced to Corpus Christi, Texas. Negotiations toward purchase of San Domingo. Death of Andrew Jackson, juae S. Free Soil party originated. 1846 Northwestern boundary fixed at 49& Hostilities begin in Mexico, Battles of Palo Alto, May 8, and Resa de la Palma, May 9; victory of @UB< Taylor. Matamoras taken, May 1l. New Tariff bill passed, July 28. President vetoes River Harbor bMi, Aug. 3. "Wilson Proviso" against extension of slavery passes the House. Gun-cotton invented. Great fire in Louisville. Ether first used as an anesthetic by Dr. Jackson. I 1847 1848 1848 1849 1850 1851 Gen. Kearney takes possessiom of New Mexico, Aug. 18. Commodore Stockton blockades Mexie=a" ports on Pacific coast. Monterey taken by Gen. Taylor, Sept. S4. Eight days' armistice granted. California expedition, under Stelpheas, sails from New York, Sept. 26. Tobasco, Mexico, bombarded by Peary, Oct. 25. Tampico taken by Gen. Conner, Nov. 14. Kearney defeats Mexicans at San Pasqual, Dec. 6. Col. Doniphan defeats Mexicans at Brazito, Dec. 25. Gen. Taylor relieved by Gen. Scott. The Mormops driven from Nauvoo, Ill. Iowa admitted as a State. Kearney victorious at San Gabriel and Mesa, Cal., Jan. 8, 9. Mexican Congress resolves to raise loan of $15,000,000 on property of the clergy, Jan. 8. Revolt of Mexicans in New Mexico against United States, Jan. 14. Defeat of insurgents at Canada, New Mexico, Jan. 24. Battle of Buena Vista, Feb. 23; Taylor defeats Santa Anna. Battle of Sacramento; defeat of Mexicans, Feb. 28. Gen. Kearney declares California a part of the United States, March 1. Vera Cruz taken by army and navy, March 28. Alvarado capitulates, April 2. Battle of Cerro Gordo, April 8; Scott defeats Mexicans; also at Contreras, Aug. 20. Volino del Rey taken, Sept. 8. Gen. Scott enters the city of Mexico, Sept. 15. Death of John Quincy Adams, Feb. 21. Gold discovered in California, March. Oneida Community, New York, established. Wisconsin admitted into the Union, May 29. Missouri Compromise repealed. Election of Zachary Taylor as President. Corner stone of Washington Monument laid. Oregon Territorial bill passed, Aug. 13. First receipt of California gold at United States mint, Dec. 8. Treaty signed with Mexico, Feb. 2. Upper California ceded to United States. Mexicans unsuccessfully besiege Pueblo, held by Americans, Sept. 13 to Oct. 12. Huamantia taken by Americans, Oct. 9. Guyannes captured, Oct. 20. Great excitement at Rochester, N. Y., caused by "Spirit rappings." Food sent to starving Ireland. Los Angeles, Cal., taken by Kearney, and a system of government organized. Great fire in St. Louis. Prof. Webster murders Dr. Parkman, Nov. 23. United States gold dollar first coined. California adopts a constitution prohib ) iting slavery. Death of James K. Polk. June 15. Filibustering expeditions against Cu., > forbidden by the President. Visit of Father Mathew, the tempera nct advocate. Capt. Minie invents the Minme concai bullet. Mason and Dixon's line surveyed. Cholera visits the United States, evere at Cincinnati and St. Louis. California Constitution formed at Monterey. Great riot at Astor Place Opera House, New York. 0 Treaty with England for a tyansit way across Panama. French Ambassador dismissed free Death of ohn C. Calhoun, M~rch 31. Congress passes the Oregon Donation Uncle Tom's Cabin first published. Watches first made by machinery. Fugitive Slave Law passed. Death of Zachary Taylor, July 9. Grinnell Arctic Expedition sails. California admitted as a Free State, New Mexico and Utah organized as terVisitofnny Lid to America, Sept. 12. Dahlgren invents the east-iron gun. tAppearance of the great sea serpent. 'Completion of Erie railroad. Corner-stone of Capitol extension laid, First Asylum for Idiots established in New York. California Vigilance Committee formed. American yacht victorious at regatta in London, Eng. Frightful catastrophe at public school building, New York. Congressional Library destroyed by fire, Dec. 24. 2 Dispute with 7ngland about the fisheries. Expedition to Japan, under Com. Perry. First street-railway in New York. Deaths of Henry Clay, June 26, and Daniel Webster, Oct. 24. Treaty of Commherce with Chill. Branch mint established in San Francisco. Franklin Pierce elected President. 3 Crystal Palace, New York, opened. Treaty with Mexico, for purchase of Arizona. Treaty with Russia. Explorations for a transcontinental railway. Yellow fever in New York. Children's Aid Society, New York, founded. Walker's filibustering expedition to Sonora, Mexico. I Commercial Treaty with Japan signed, March 31. American, or Know-Nothing Society formed. Loss of the steamship Arctic. Cubans seize American mail-steamer Black Warrior, Feb. 28. First railway from Lake Michigan to the Mississippi, the Rock Island. American ship "Cayne" bombards Greytown, Central America, on refusal to pay for property destroyed, June 12. Invention of the Iron Tower for ironclad vessels, by Ericsson. Reciprocity Treaty with Englaikd; settlement of the Fishery question, Aug. 2. Bill passed organizing Kansas and Nebraska as Territories, repealing the Compromise of 1820, which excluded slavery from the entire Louisiana purchase, May 24. ~ Massachusetts Aid Society send out settlers to Kansas. A. H. Reeder,'of Pennsylvania, appointed Governor of Kansas. M$ Territorial Legislature of Kansas meets at Shawnee, July; great emigration to Kansas. Free State men meet im convention at Topeka and form a Free State constitution, Oct. 23. Hostilities between ihe Free and Slave State settlers begin. Sioux Indians defeated by Gen Harney. Paraguayans attack United States steamer, "Water-Witch." Completion of Niagara Suspension Bridge. Court Claims established. William Walker unsuccessfully iim-',va Nicaragua. Dispute with Great Britain concerning recruiting for the Crimea army. - qk ______ _ _____, ---J I;. I I I '+ 1852 1811 IM5 us I I I I IM Cop-yright. 1905.. by Geo. A. Ogle & Co. %we 'a j',wwwj== mmommma-m. - ý--- -.- - --.

Page  134 I f SUPPLEMENT XXI. ANCIENT, MEDIE-VAL AND MODERN HISTORY _.. m 1855 British discovery ship "Resolute" abandoned in Arctic sea, brought to New London. 1856 Hoosac Tunnel begun. Victory of John Brown at Ossawatomie, Kan. Republican party formed. SAlden invents type-setting machine. Rock Island bridge, across the Mississippi, opened, April 11. Affray at Panama between passengers and natives, April 15. Page makes first wood type by machinery. President declares creation of free state government in Kansas an act of rebellion. Brooks' assault upon Charles Sumner. Dismissal of British envoy at Washingten, l May 28. Introduction of sorghum, or Chinese sugar-cane. Dudley observatory, Albany, inaugurated, Aug. 28. The government purchases the "Resolute," refitted and presented to British Government. Loom for weaving Axminster carpets first patented. Election of James Buchanan as President. UK5 Organization of the Fenian Brotherhood. Settlement of the Central American question. Death of Elisha Kent Kane, Arctic explorer, Feb. 16. Robert J. Walker appointed Territorial Governor of Kansas. Taney renders Dred Scott decision, March 6. First attempt to lay Atlantic cable. Alden secures patent for condensed milk. Great financial crash. Now York, Boston and Philadelphia banks suspend, Oct. 14, 15. Banks resume specie payments, Dec. 12, 14. Murder of Dr. Burdell; arrest and trial of Mrs. Cunningham, his mistress. Foundering of the "Central America" off Cape Hatteras; over 400 lives and $2,000,000 lost. Great religious revival throughout the country. Troubles with the Mormons in Utah; Col. Johnson, with a military force, sent out; Brigham Young forbids any armed force entering Sal.t Lake City; Mormon troops ordered to hold themselves in readiness; martial law decleared, Sept. 15. 1858 Dispute with England respecting the right of search. Completion of the first Atlantic telegraph, Aug. Death of Thomas H. Benton, April 15. Congress passes bill admitting Kansas under pro-slavery constitution, Aug. 30. Exciting campaign of Lincoln and Douglas in Illinois. Minnesota admitted as a State, May 18. Seward announces his "irrepressible conflict" doctrine. Kansas rejects the pro-slavery constituS tion by overwhelming majority, Aug. 3. First message across the Atlantic cable, from Victoria to the President, Aug. 16. Peruvians capture two American vessels. Burning of steamship "Austria," Hamburg to New York; nearly 500 lives lost. 1859 The Island of San Juan, near Vancouver's Island, occupied by United States troops. The Fenian organization perfected. Treaty with Paraguay~ signed, Feb. 10. sas, Dec. 6. Comstock Great Donanza MTine purchased for an Indian pony and a quantity of whis!,y. Treaty with M~exico. signed. Grand Embassy from Japan, with treaty of peace, etc. Tour of the Prince of )Aales. Hall's expedition to the Poiar Sea. Arrival at N ew York of the Great Eastern, June 28. 1860 Election of -Mr. Pennington as Speaker of the House. Abraham Lincoln elected President, Nov. 6. South Carolina passes the "Ordinance of Secession," being the first State of the Union to secede, Dec. 20. Meeting of Senatorial Committee of Thirteen, Dec. 21. Major Anderson transfers his command from Fort Moultrie. to Fort Sumter. The Parrott Gun invented by Robert R._ Parrott. 1861 Mississippi secedes, Jan. 9. Florida secedes, Jan. 10. Alabama secedes, Jan. 11. South Carolina troops fire upon the "Star of the West." Georgia secedes, Jan. 18. Louisiana secedes, Jan. 26. Texas secedes, Feb. 1. Peace Coinention assembled at Washin-Lon, Feb. 4. Provisioiial Government of Confederate States meet at Montgomery, Ala., Feb. 4 01. Jeff erson Davis, of Missi~ssippi, Presiden t, Feb. 8. Abraham Lincoln inaugurated President of Uiited States, March 4. Fort Sumter, Cbarleston Harbor, bombarded-being commericement of hostilities in the Civil War, April 12. Lincoln calls for 75,000 volunteers, April 15. Proclamation announcing blockade of Southern ports, April 17. Federal troops attacked in Baltimore, April 19. Destruction of stores at Norfolk Navy Yard by Union Commander, April 20. Maryland refuses to secede, April 27. Ellsworth shot at Alexandria by lackson, May. Missouri turns over to Confederates entire control of financial and military resources of the State, May 2. Government call for 42,000 three years'9 volunteers, May 3. Arkansas secedes from the Union, May 6. Capt. Lyon receives surrender of Fort Jackson, May 10. Baltimore occupied by General Butler,~, May 13. North Carolina secedes from the Union, May 20. Butler in command at Fortress Monroe, May 22. Advance of Union forces into Virginia, May 24. Death of Stephen A. Douglas, June 2. S- Tenne.5see secedes from the Union, June 8, East Tennessee opposing it. Battle of Big Bethel, Va., June 10. Congress meets in extraordinary session, July 4. Battle near Carthage, Mo., July 5. I. J-" 1861 Privateer "Sumter" escapes to sea, from New Orleans. July 7. Battle of Carrick's Ford, W. Va.; Confederate General Garnett killed. Battle at Romney, Va., June 11. West Virginia admiitted as a State, June 11. Battle at Rich Mountain; Confederates, under Pegram, defeated by Rosecrans, July 11. Battle near Centrevill~e, Va., July 18. Destruction of the Confederate "Petre-l"' by frigate "St. Lawrence." Maryland invaded by Stonewall Jackson, July. Battle of Bull Run; Union forces, under McDowell, defeated: Union killed and wounded, 1,490; Confederates, 1,593 killed and wounded, July 21. Gen. McClellan assumes command of army in Virginia and on the Potomac. Battle of Laurel Hill, July 22. Battle of Drug Spring, Mo., under General Lyon; Southern forces defeated. Battle of Athens, Mo., under Gen. Lyon, Confederates defeated, Aug. 5. Battle of Wilson's Creek, Mo.; 5,20.0 men, under Gens. Lyon andi Sigel, attack 24,000, under Gens. McCulloch, Price, etc.; Lyon killed; defeat of Sigel, Aug. 10. President Lincoln's non-intercourse proclamation, Aug. 16. Gen. Butler and Commodore Stringham take Forts Hatteras and Clark on North Carolina coast, Aug. 28. Fort Morgan abandoned 'by Confederates, Aug. 30. Fremont issues proclamation freeing slaves in M~issouri, Aug. 31. Battle of Carnifex Ferry, Gens. Rosecrans and Floyd, Sept: 10. Destruction of privateer "Judah," Sept. 13. Repulse of Confederates at Cheat Mountain, W. Va. Battle of Lexington, Mo.; Col. Mulligan defends for four days against, 26,000 Confederates, but is forced to ourrender; loss, 2,560 prisoners, and a large amount of gold. Battle of Greenbrier, Va.; success of Union forces, Oct. 3). Confederate "Savannah" captured by U. S. brig "Perry." Wilson Zouaves repulsed at Santa Rosa Island, Oct. 9. Confederate privateer "Nashville" escapes from Charleston, S. C., Oct. 11. Repulse of Confederate ram and five:ýhips at South W~est Pass, Oct. 12. Escape of Mason and Slidell from Charleston. Battle of Fredericktown, Mo.; flight of Jeff Thompson, Oct. 21. Recapture of Lexington, Mo., by Union troops. Gen. Sherman appointed to the com-1 mand of Kentucky forces~. Battle of Ball's Bluff~; Col. Baker killed, Oct. 21. Zagonyi defeats Confederates at Springfield, Mo., Oct. 29. Gen. Scott resigns command of army. Gen. McClellan succeeds him. Soldiers' Aid Society formed at Detroit, Nov. 1. Commodore Wilkes, of "San Jacinto," takes Southern Commissioners, Mason and Slidell, from British steamer "Trent," in West Indian waters. Port Royal bombarded, Nov. 7.. Battle of Belmont;. Grant's first fight. Capture of Tybee Island, commanding Savannah, taken Dec. 20. Charleston Harbor shut by sinking stone fleet-, Dec. 21. Gatling gun invented by J. Gatling. Death of Sam Houston, Oct. 8. Kentucky admitted into Confederate G en-r. G r ait, PFeb. 16. Cornederar-e Conigress meets at Richmorid, ' a., Feb. 18. Jefferson Davis inaugurated President of Sou; ' ern Confederacy, for six year;,, Feb. 22. Battle of Pea Ridge, Ark.; Gen. MeCulloch killed March S. Conf ederate ram, " Merrimac" sinks "Cumberland" and "Congress," U. S. naval vessels in H~ampton Roads, Virginia, March S. "'Monitor," U. S. iron-clad, attacks and drives "Merrimac" back, March 9. Manassas Junction evacuated and occupied by Union forces, March 10. Battle of Winchester, Va.; Union loss, 115 killed, 450 wounded; Confederate loss, 869 killed, wounded, and missing, March 13. Battle of Newborn, N. C., March 14. B3attle at Pittsburg Landing; Grant, Union commander" Gen. A. Sidney Johnston killed; Union loss, April 6 and 7, 13,573; Confederate loss, 10,699. Capture of Island No. 10, by Union forces, April -8. Raid of Gen. Mitchell; capture of Huntsville, Ala., and IRussellville, Tenn. Fort Pulaski, Ga., surrendered after three days' bomabardment, to Union forces, under Gen. Gilmore, April 11. Slavery abolished -in District of Columbia, April 16. Bombardment of Fort Pillow, by Coimmodore Foote, April 17. Union fleet, under Farragut, passes up the Mississipp-i river and takes New Orleans, passing Forts Jackson and Philip, April 24. Gen. Butler in command, at New Orleans, May 1. Yorktown evacuated, May 4. Surrender of New Orleans to Commodore Farragut. Battle of Williamsburg, Va., May 5. Battle of West Point, May 7. Norfolk surrendered to Gen. Wool, May 1,:0 Destruction of the "Merrimac," by the Clonfederates, May 11. Natchez, Miss., surrenders~ to Commodore Farragut, May 13. Gen. Banks defeated at Winchester, May 25. Battle of Seven Pines, Virginia, May 29. Corinth evacuated, May 30.* Little Rock captured, May 21. Battle of Fair Oaks; Union loss, heavy; renewal of battle of Fair Oaks, success of Unionists. Unionists lose Brashear City, June 13. Slavery abolished by all the Territories, Jun e 19. Forts Pillow and Randolph evacuated, June C Surrender of Memphis, June 6. Repulse of Confederates, at Springfield, Mo., June 8. Seven days' fight before Richmond, un der McClellan, June 26; Mechanicsville, June 26; Gaines' Mills, June 27; Savage Station and Peach Orchard, June 28; White Oak Swamp, June 30ý, Malvern Hill, July 1; change of base to James river. President Lincoln calls for 300,000 volunteer's, July 1. Murfreesborough captured by Forrest., July 5. Raid of M1organ in Kentucky, July 7. Surrender of Port Hudson, July 8. Death of Martin Van Buren, July 24. Battle of Cedar Mountain, Va., Aug. 9*; Union forces under Banks, lose 1,500 killed, wounded, and missing; Confederates, under "Stonewall" Jackson. Raid of Phillips into Mississippi, Aug. 16. Battle of Sulphur Springs, Va., Aug. 24. Fighting on Rappahannock under Pope, Confederates under Ewell and Jackson, Aug. 27. Gen. Bragg invades Tennessee and Kentucky. Battle o ` Kettle Run, Va., Aug. 27. Battle of Groveton, Va., Aug. 29. Defecqt of Union forces at Richmond, Ky*, Au4. 29. Surrender of Memphis, Aug. 29. Second Battle of Bull Run; defeat of Federals, Aug. 30. Battle of Chantilly, Va.; Union Generals Kearney and Stevens killed, Sept. 1. Confederates cross Potomac into Maryland, at Poolsville, Md., Sept. 1. Battle of South MNountain, Md.; Union victory; Gen. Jesse L. Reno killed. Harper's Ferry surrendered, after three days' flighting by General Miles, Sept. Battle of Antietam between Gen. MeClellan. and Gen. Lee. Retreat of the Confederates, Sept. 17. Battle of Iuka, Mýiss., between Gen. l~osecrans and Gen. Price, Sept. 19. Reoccupation of Harper's Ferry by Fedorals, Sept. 22. President Lincoln issues preliminary Proclamation of Emancipation, Sept. 22. Battle of Corinth, Miss., between Gens. Rosecrans and Price, defeat of the latter, Oct. 3, 4. Battle of Perryville, Ky., between Gens. Buell and Bragg; charge of Phil. Sheridan wins the day, Oct. S. Raid of Confederates up-der Stuart into Pennsylvania; Chambersburg seized and looted, Oct. 1-2 Union Gen. O. M. Mi che'., astronomer, died at Beaufort, S. C., Oct. 30. La Grange, Tenn., occupied by Gen. Grant with Union forces. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va. Union forces under Gen. Burnside defeated. Union~ losses, 13,771. Battle of Kingston, N. C. Confederates defeated, Dec. 14. Murphy surrenders Holly Springs to General-Van Dorni, Dec. 20. Jefferson Davis issues a proclamation outlawing Ben. Butler, Dec. 23. Porter's fleet oren fire upon Vicksburg, Dec. 26. Sherm-an's unsuccessful, attack upon Vicksburg, Depc. -27, 28. Iron.-clad "Monitor' f~ounders at sea, off Cape Hatteras. -West Virginia admitted as a State."of the Union, Dec. 31. 1863 Battle of Murfreesboro; Rosecrans defeats Bragg, Jan. 1. Emancipation Proclamation of President Lincoln goes into effect, liberating all Sslaves -in Bouthern States.Death of Lyman Beecher, D. D.,. aged ' 87, Jan. 10. U. S. steamer "Hat-Peras" suniz by SouthSern privateer "Alabama" off - Texas, Jan..11. Severe fig hting between Union forces, under Hooker, and Confederates, under Lee, about Chan cellorsville. Va.; Confederate Gen. "Stonewall" Jackson killed; Hooker defeated, May 2, 3j, 4. Battle of Jack-son, Miss.; captured by Gen. Grant, May 14.Battle of Baker's Creek; Pemberton routed by Grant, May 16. Battle of Black River Bridge; retreat of Pemberton to Vicksburg, May 17. Vicksburg besieged by Grant, May 21. Colored troops first brought into action at Port Hudson, May 27. Battle at Milliken's Bend, June 6, 7. Retreat of Milroy from W/inchester, June 14. Invasion of Pennsylvania by Lee's~ entire army, June 15-25. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa.; Gen. Lee defeated by Union forces, under Gen. Meade, July 2, 3. Morgan begins his raid through Indiana and Ohio, July 3. Vicksburg surrendered by Gen. Pemberton to Union forces, under Grant, July 4. Port Hudson surrendered to Gen. Banks, and Natchez occupied by Gen. Grant-- Mississippi river being thus opened to. navigation, July 8. Anti-draft riots in New York; 2,000 rioters killed, July 13, 14, 15. Riot in Boston, July 15. Gen. Burnside occupies Knoxville, Tenn., Sept. 3. Confederates evacuate Fort Wagner, Sept. 6. Burnside captures Cumberland- Gap, Sept. 9. Battle of Chickamauga; Union forces, under Rosecrans, fall back to Chattanooga, Sept. 19. Quantrell raids Lawrence, Kan., Aug. 21. Gen. Wheeler starts on his raid into Tennessee, destroying much Govern-L ment property, Oct. 2. Hooker takes Lookout Mountain, Oct. 28. First' Fenian Congress held in the United States. GeD. Meade crosses the Rappahannock, Lee retiring, Nov. 7. Longstreet begins the siege of Knoxville, Nov. 17.' Battle of Missionary Ridge-, success of Federals, Nov. 24. Repulse of Longstreet a~t Knoxville, Nov. 28, 29.Banks starts on his expedition into Texas, Nov. 29. Longstreet raises the siege of Knoxville, Dec. 5. President Lincoln issues Proclamation of Amnesty, Dec. S. 1864 Draft of 500,000 men ordered by President Lincoln, Feb. 1. Colt's armory, at Hartford, destroyed by 'fire, Feb. 8. Disaster to Union forces in Florida, under Gen. Seymour, Feb. 20. Kilpatrick's raid into Virginia. 'Gen. Dahlgren killed, Feb. 28. 1 1864 General Grant made Lieutenant-General, March 2. A Free State government inaugurated in Louisiana, March. Admiral Porter's Red River expedition, March 4. Gen. U. S. Grant appointed Commanderin-Chief of army of United States, March 12; assumes command, March 17. A call for 200,000 more men, Mvarch 15. Arkansas votes to become a Free State, March 16.. Battle of Jenkins Ferry, Ark.; defeat of Kirby Smith, April 4. New York Sanitary Commission Fair receipts over one million dollars. Union expedition to M~ansfield, La., foiled, April 8; Union forces, reinforced, repulse Confederates at Pleasant Hill. Fort Pillow massacre, April 12. Wessels surrenders Plymouth, N. C., to Confederates, April 20. Severe fighting between Confederates, under Lee, and Union forces, under Grant, in Virginia, in advance on Richmond, May 3-11. Battle of Wilderness, May 5. Occur-ation of City Point by General Butler, May 4. Sherman begins his march toward Atlanta, May 7. Battle of Resaca, Ga., between Generals Sherman and Johnston, May 15. Failure of Butler to capture Drury's Bluff, May 16. Death of Nathaniel Hawthorne, May 19. Fighting between Lee and Grant at the North Anna, May 21-24. Battle of Dalton, Ga., May 28; Union victory. Sheridan captures Cold Harbor, May 81. Evacuation of Allatoona Pass, June 1. Battle of Cold Harbor, June 2, 3. Battle of Piedmont, -Va., June 5. Hunter attacks Lynchburg; retreats into West Virginia, June S. Army of the Potomac crosses to south side of James River, June 12-15. Assaults on Petersburg; Union forces losing 10,000 men in four days, June 16-18. Confederate privateer "Alabama" sunk by the United States steamer "Kearsarge," off Cherbourg, France, June 19. Hood attacks I-looker at Kennesaw and fails, June 22. Emancipation Amendment submitted to the SE-ates by Congress, June 22. Butler occupies Deep Bottom, ten miles below Richmond, June 22. Maryland abolishes slavery, June 24. Repulse of Thomas and McPherson at Kennesaw, June 27. Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 repealed by SCongress, June 28. Early0 begins his raid into Maryland, July 2. Wallace defeated by Early at Frederick, Md., July 9. Rosseau's raid into Alabama, July 10. Early's entire army within six miles of Washington, July 12. Gold reaches highest premium, viz., 284 per-:cent, July 16. Greeley's negotiations with Confedera~es, at Niagara, July 18. Battle- around Atlanta between forces under Huod, Confederate, and under Sherman, Union, Jul,/ 22. Chambersburg, Pa., burned by General Stuart, juiy 35.6 Explosion of a mine under Confederate works, Petersburg, July 30. Farragut captures Mobile, Aug. 3. Gre.at naval -victory, under Farragut, at Mobile, Ala., Aug. 5. Atlanta evacuated and occupied by ShermanAug.-01. Johnson Vice-President, Nov. 8. Sherman commences his "March to the Sea," from Atlanta, Nov. 16. Incendiarism. by Confederates in New York, Nov. 25. Battle of Franklin, Tenn., between Hood and Thomas, Nov. 30. Battle of Nashville, u-nder Gen. Thomas. Great- victory. Confederates un~der I-ood retreat, Dec. 15, 16. Savannah, Ga., occupied by Gen. Sherman, compleiuing the "March to the Sea`" Dece mber 21. President. orders a draft for 300,000 more men, Dec. 19. Butler and Porter attack Fort Fisher, N. C., and fail, Dec. 24, 25. 1865 Establishment of the Freedman's Bureau. Fort Fisher, N. C., captured by Gen. Terry and Commodore Porter, Jan. 15. Sherman leaves Savannah, and starts northward, Feb. 1. President's Conference with Confederate Commission, Feb."S. Evacuation of Charleston- S. C., by Confederates, Feb. 17. Its occupation by Union Yorces, Feb. 18. Re-inauguration of President Lincoln, March 4. Confederate Congress adjourns for the last time, March 18. Desperate fighting commences before Richmond. Battle of Five Forks, April 1. Gen. Grant advances upon Petersburg,. April 2. Richmond and Petersburg evacuated during night of April 2. Flight of Davis from Richmond, April 2. Richmond and Petersburg occupied by Union forces, April 3. Selma, Ala., captured with large stores, April 5. Battle of Sailors' Creek; defeat of Ewell and Custis Lee, April 6. Grant demands the surrender of the Southern army, April 7. Lee surrenders to U. S. Grant at Aplromattox Court House, Ta., April 9. Mobile evacuated by the Confederates, April 10. Montgomery, Ala., surrenders to Wilson, April 11. President issues orders to stop drafting and further purchase of war material, April 13. President Lincoln assassinated, in '\_ashington, by Wilkes Booth, April 14. Attempted assassination of Seward, April 14. President Lincoln dies, April 15. Andrew Johnson, of Tennessee, VicePresident, takes oath of office as President. Macon, Ga., occupied by Union forces; great amount of army stores taken, April 20. Capture and death of Wilkes Booth, April 25. Gen. Johnston's army surrenders to Gen. Sherman, April 26. 1865 Jefferison Davis captured at Irwinsvilte, Ga., with part of his cabinet, May 10. Engagement at Boco Chicoe, between 500 Confederates and 400 Union troops, being the last in the "War of the Rebell'on," May 12. Grand review of the army, at Washington, May 23, 24. Gen. Kirby Smith surrenders all his command, Trans-Mississippi Army, May 26. Amnesty Proclamation of President Johnson, with fourteen different exceptions, May 29. Georgia declares slavery abolished, etc., December 4. Secretary Seward officially declared slavery abolished throughout the U* S., D ec. 18. Mississippi nullified secession ordinance, Aug.. Alabama declared ordinance of secession null and void, Sept. 12. South Carolina repealed the secessionW ordinance, Sept. 15. Florida annulled secession ordinance, Oct. 25. Proclamation opening all ports in Southern States,, and ending blockade, June 23. Execution of assassination conspiratiors, H-arold], Payne, Atzeroth, and Mrs. Surratt, July 7. Rebel Indian Chiefis sign treaty of loyalty, Sept. 14. Execution of Capt. Wirz, the Andersonville prison commandant, Nov. 10. IM6C Death of Rufus Choate, Jan. 15. Passage of the Freedman's Bureau Dilig over the President's veto, Feb. 20. President's proclamation declaring the hinsrrection ended. Death of General Winfield Scott, May 29. Fenians invade Canada, June 1. Fourteenth Amendment passed the Senate, June 8. Successful laying of the Atlantic Cable, July 27. Massacre in New Orleans, July 30. 1867 Nebraska admitted as the thirty-seventh State. Tenure of Office bill passed, June 4. ' Confiscation and Amnesty bill passed, Jan. 4.. Purchase of Alaska, for $7,200,000, March 2. Jefferson Davis admitted to bail, in the sum of $100,000, May 13. Southern States organized as military districts, Jan. 1868 Impeachment, trial, and acquittal of President Johnson. Death of Kit (Christopher) Carson, trapper and guide, May 23. Death of James Buchanan, June 1. Death of Matthew Vassar, June 23; he donates $800,000 for endowment, etc.,"ý of Vassar College. Wyoming Territory organized, July 23. Death of Thaddeus Stevens, Aug. 11. Cornell University, of Ithaca, opened.. Sept.:Election of Gen. Grant as Presiderý.t Nov. 3. 1869 Pacific Railway completed, May 10. Death of Franklin Pierce, Jan. Nolle Prosequi ends prosecution of Jeatferson Davis, Feb. 6. Fifteenth Amendment passed, Feb. ý5. Supreme Court pronounces Confederate currency to be worthless. Great peace jubilee at Boston, June L5 -20. French frontier cable laid, July 27. Great Wall street panic, "Black Friday," Sept. 24. Death of George Peabody, Nov. 4. Death of Edwin M. Stanton, Dec. 14. 1870 Ratification of the Fifteenth Amend States. The Credit Mobilier scandal. 1872. Settlement of the Alabama Claims. Congress removes the political disability of the Southern people. Re-election of President Grant. Great fire at Boston; loss about $78,000,000, Nov. 9. Death of Horace Greeley, Nov. 29. Death of Samuel F. Morse, inventor Of the electric telegrarph. Northwestern boundary question settled by the Emperor of Germany. Death of James Gordon Bennett, June 1. Epizootic, thro 'ughout the United States. National Granges organized. Death of William H. Seward. 187S Wreck of the Atlantic' 535 lives lost, April 1. Modoc massacre., death of General Canby, April 11. Colfax massacre, La.,' by White League, April. Death of Salmon P. Chase, Chief Justice. may 7. Beecher and Tilton scandal, Brooklyn, July. The Salary~ Grab Bill. Failure of Jay Cooke & Co.; great financial -panic, Sept. 19. Trial and conviction of William M. Tweed, Nov. 22. Seizure of the "Virginius," and execution of a number of her passengers by the Spanish author'i-ties in Cuba. Surrender of the "'Virginius" to the United States by Spain, Dec. 12. Death of Louis Agassiz, Dec. 14. 1874 Woman's Temperance Crusade. Visit of Kalakaua, King of Hawaii. Compromise Currency Bill signed by the President. Death of Charles Sumner, March 11. Grasshopper raid in the Northwest. Abduction of Charley Ross, July 1. A second large fire in Chicago, July 14, Presidential election; result disputeL', November 7. 1875 Passage of the Act for the Resumption of Specie Payments in 1879. Colorado admitted into the Union, March 4. Centennial celebration at Lexington, Concord and Bunker Hill. Death of Andrew Johnson, July 31. Trial of Henry Ward Beecher for adultery. Trial of Prof. Swing for heresy, May 5. Death of John C. Breckinridge, May 17. Military rule discontinued in the Southern States. Suspension of the California Bank, and suicide of President Ralston. Death of Henry Wilson, Nov. 22. Great fire in Virginia City, Nev., Oct. 25. Foundering of steamship "Pacific," between San Francisco and Portland, Nov. 4. Death of William B. Astor, Nov. 24. Escape of Tweed from the custody of' the Sheriff, Dec. 4. Great revivals, under Moody and Sankey. Great inundation in Texas. I l k, CeDvriaht. 'mari. bv Geo. A. OL-le & CO.;:'I %.OVjJ.Y-LISllLj, 10%JU, My C:Lo %..F5Av-- %Xý %ý,W*

Page  135 i PO" I UPPLE-2EDNT X=. i ANCIENT, M]RDIEVAJýANID MODERINTHISTORY. IM Opening of the Centennial Elxhibition at SPhiladelphia, May 10; it closes, Nov. 10). Serious difficulties between Americans and Chine-se in California. Bursting of reservoir at Worcester, Mass., destroying millions of dollars worth of property, March 3. Death of Alexander T. Stewart, April t War with Sitting Bull and the Sioux. M assacre at Hamburg, S. C., June. Massacre of Gen. Ouster and his command, by the Sioux Indians, July 2. Gompletion of the First One Hundred Years of American Independence; great rejoicing throughout the United States, July 4. Omtle Garden, N. Y., destroyed by fire, July 9. Younger Brothers and Northfield Bank robbery, Sept. 7. Arrest of W. M. Tweed, at Vigo, Spain, Sept. 8. Yellow fever in Georgia, September. Trial of Molly Maguires, October. Dastardly attempt to rob the grave of President Lincoln, Nov. 7. Burning of the Brooklyn Theater, 276 lives lost, Dec. 5. First furnace for cremation built, at Washington, Penn., Dec. 6. The Ashtabula railroad horror, Dec. '29. 1.877 Close of the Indian War. The Electoral Commission Bill Passed by Congress, Jan. 25, 26. ~ Rutherford B. Hayes declared President, March 2. Blue Glass mania. Death of Cornelius Vanderbilt,' June 4. Great Railroad riots, East and West, July and August. 1978 Yellow fever epidemic along the Lower Mississippi. Meeting of the Alabama Claims Commission, Feb. 27. Fenians attempt a second invasion of Canada, May 29. Death of Robert Dale Owen, June 24. The Colorado Petrified Giant humbug. Return of Henry M. Stanley from African explorations, August. Death of Brigham Young, Aug. 29. Death of Oliver P. Morton, Nov. 1. Earthquake shocks in New England and middle States. Ku-Klux Bill passed by Congress. Death of Benjamin F. Wade, March 2. Development of the telephone and phonograph. Bankrupt Repeal Bill passed, May 10. Death of William Cullen Bryant, June 12. Indian outbreak In Washington Territory, July. Chinese Embassy visits the Unitedl States. Silver Bill passed by both Houses of Congress. Yellow fever in the South. Gold sold at par--the first time since 1862----Dec. 17T 1879 Resumption of specie payments, Jan. 1. Death of Richard Henry Dana, Feb. 2. Great fire at Reno, Nev., March 2. New Constitution of California adopted, May 2. Death of William Lloyd Garrison, May 24. Terrible tornado in Kansas, Nebraska and Missouri, May 30.! Bill to erect a monument on mite of Washington's birthplace, passes both Houses, June 10. Waterspout in Black Hills causes great loss of property and life, June 12. Disastrous storms east and west, July. Great fire at Deadwood, Dak., Sept. 26. Death ot Gen. Joseph Hooker, Oct. 21. Death of Zachary Chandler. Oct..11. Garfield and Arth~ur nominated by Chicago Republican Convention, June 9; Hancock and English by Cincinnati Democratic Convention. At the General Election, the Reliblican candidates secured 213 out of 369 electoral votes, Nov. 6. 1881 Electoral College vote counted, Feb. 9. Three per cent. funding bill passed, March 2. Steamer' Corwin sails for the Arctic regio-ns in search of the Jeannette, March 4. SRevised New Testament issued, May 120. Star route frauds exposed, May 26. The great comets of 1881 first seen, June 20. Sitting Bull, Chief -A the Sioux, surrenders, July.31. James A. Garfield inaugurated, March 4. Contest between Garfield and Senator Conkling (N. Y.) about New York Collectorship, May. Commercial treaty with China signed, May 5. Great Britaini pays Ri.5,000 award for damage done to American fisheries in Fortune Bay affair. Assassination of President Garfield by Charles J. Guilteau, at Baltimore railSway depot in Washington, July 2. Death of President Garfield at Elberon, N. J., Sept. 19, burial at Cleveland, Sept. 26. Vice President Arthur becomes President, Sept. 26. Sl~ecial session of the Senate, Oct. 10. The celebrated Guiteau trial begins, Nov. 14. SNews. of destruction of Jeannette, Arctic exploring vessel, Dec. 20. 1.982 Gulteau convicted Jan. 25; sentenced Feb. 4: hang-ed June 30. Anti-Chinese MEi11 (twenty years) passed M-1arch 23; vetoed by the President April 4. Senaote -1.)asses Edmunds Anti-Polygamy Bill, Feb. 1.6: approved March 23. Apportionment bill passes the House, Feb. 1.7. Great Mississippi overflow, wide destruction and loss of life. 'Larifi' Commission Bill passes both Houses, Alay 6-9; approved May 15. 3ill extending National Bank charters passed both Houses, May 19. Violent cyclone at Grinnell, Ia., June 8. Second Anti-Chinese bill (ten years) passed; signed by President Arthur, May 6. 1 (Collision of the Scioto on Ohio river, 59 persons drowned, July 4. River and Harbor Dill passed over the President's veto, Aug. 2. Return of the survivors of the North Pole exp~edition. Star Route trial ended by verdier of jury, Sept. 11, acquitting Turner, convicting Miner and Rerdell, and disagreeing as to Brady, the Dorsey brothers, and Vail. Steamer Asia fou-nders on Lake Huron, 100 lives lost, Sept. 14. 'Utah Commission completes registration of voters, Sept. t -.5a2G SThe Pendleton Ci-7il Srvice Bill passes Senate, Dec. 27. M Civil se-rvice Reform bill passes the House, Jan. 4. Presidential Succession Bill passed Senate, Jan. 9; not considered in the House. Burning of Newhall House, Milwaukee, 59 lives lost, Jan. 10. Great flood in Ohio River, 50,000 people homeless, Feb. 10-15. Tariff and Tax Amendment Bill passes both H~ouses, March 2. Death of Alexander H. Stephens, aged 71, March 4. Death of Peter Cooper, aged 92, April 4. Cyclone at Beauregard, Miss., 83 livres lost; tornadoes in Iowa and Georgia, April 22. Opening of the Brooklyn Suspension Bridge, May 24. Pendleton Civil Service Act passes both Houses, July 16. Steamer Proteus of the Greely Relief Expedition crushed by ice in Smith's Sound, July 23. Terrific tornado at Rochester, Minn., many lives lost, Aug. 21. Northern Pacific Railroad formally opened, Sept. 8. Civil Rights Act of March 1, 1875, declared unconstitutional by U. S. Supreme Court, Oct. 15. Gen. Sherman relinquishes command of the army, Nov. I.; Gerý Sheridan sueceeding. Two-cent letter postage goes into effect throughout the United States, Oct. I. Serious riot at Danville, Va., between negroes and white military, Nov. 3. Dakota adopted a constitution erectig Southern Dakota into a Staýte, Nov. 6. Festiivals in honor of the 400th anniversary of Luther's birth, Nov. 10-11. 48th Congress organized. 1884 House repeals the iron-clad oath law, Jan. 21. Germany returns resolutions of the House laudatory. of Ruskin, Feb. 15. United States Supreme Court affirms the constitutionality of Legal Tender Act, March 3. Mexican War pension bill passes House, March 3. The Senate ratifies commercial treaty with. Mexico, March 11. Defeat of Morrison Tariff bill, May 6. Congress appropriates $1,000,000 for New Orleans Exposition, May 8. Great panic in Wall street; Failure of Grant and Ward and others, May 6-14. Relief expedition rescues survivors of the Greely Arctic expedition, at Cape Sabine, June 22. President vetoes the Fitz-:John Porter bill, July 2. Corner-stone of the Bartholdi Statue of Liberty laid, Aug. 6. The general election resulted in theI election of Grover Cleveland, who carried 20 States, securing 219 electoral votes against 182 for James G. Bla.ne, Nov. 4. Opening of the 48th Congress, Dec. 1. 1885 Grover Cleveland resigns the New York governorship, Jan. 6. Dedication of the 'Washington no-nument, the tallest structure known, 555 feet, Feb. 21. Occupation of Aspinwall, S. A. IV United States tr~oDS. Inauguration of Grover Cleveland as President, March A. New Orleans Exposition opened, Dec. 1b, Treaty with Colombian Government, providing a joint protectorate over the Isthmus, May 5. TheR evised0_1-1 estame -.And o Blair Educational Bill passes the Senate, March 5. Dill for free and unlimited coinage of silver defeated, April 8. Chicago Anarchist riot, 6 police killed and 61 wounded, May 4. Anarchists indicted at Chicago, May o President Cleveland married to' M tgs Frances Fl~osom, June 2. Oleomargarine bill passes the Senate, June 20. Morrison Tariff bill defeated, June 17. House of Representatives passed bill repealing the pre-emption, timber culture and desert-land laws, June 7. Bill to repeal the Civil Service law Indefinitely postponed by the U. S. Senate, June 1S.8 Congress requires the Treasury to issue small denomination silver certificates, July 24. The President warns office holders against attempts to control political movemen-ts, July. Dea~h of Samuel J. Tilden, aged 74, Augm. 4. Chica-o anarchis~s to the number of 8, f o und] guilty of murder, Aug. 20. Earthqua'--f at Charleston,' S. C., destroyinL. $5,000,000 worth of property and 57 lives, Au--. 20-21. Surrender of the Apache chief Geronimo and his band, Sept. 4. Death of Ex-President Chester A. Arthur, aged 56. Bill to regulate the counting of electoral votes passed, Dec. 9. 1887 Inter-State Commerce bill signed, Feb. 4. I-ouse defeats the Dependent Soldier Pension Bill, Feb. 24. Belmont Retaliation bill passed, March 2. Bill to redeem trade dollars passed, March 19. Inter-State Commerce commission Cappointed, March 22. Mormon convention at Salt Lake City adopt a Constitution, July 1. Defeat of the Scotch cutter Thistle by the American -Volunteer in race for "America cup," Sept. 27 and 20, President and Mrs. Cleveland leave Washington for a Western trip. Mormon convention of monogamists petition Congress for admission of Utah as a State, Oct. S. United States Supreme Court refuses to interfere with the finding of Phlnois courts in anarchist cases, Nov. 1. Governor Oglesby commutes death sente-nces of Schwab and Fielden to life imprisonment, Nov. 10. Hanging, at Chicago, of the anarchists Parsons, Spies, Engel and Fischer, Nov. 1-1. Republican National Committee select Chicago for National Convention, June 1-6, 1-888. Dec. 8. 1888, Terrible blizzard in Minnesota, Dakota and Iowa; 900 lives lost, Jan. 12. Inter-State Commission con-firmed by the U. S. Senate, Jan. 16. Fisheries treaty with Great Britain signed at Washington, Feb. 15. Strike of engineers and firemen on the C., B. & Q. R. R. began Feb. 25 - 1889 1891 88 Deadlock in the House of Representatives over the Direct Tax bill, April 9. Death of Chief Justice Mlorrison R. Waite, aged 72 years, March 23. Knights of L1,abor appeal to Congress for a system of Government telegraph, April 12. Death of Roscoe Conklin, ex-U. S. Senator, aged 60 years, April 18. Daily sales of U. S. bonds began, April 23. Melville W. Fuller, of Illinois, nominated by the President as Chief Justice, April 30; confirmed by the Senate, July 20. Chinese Treaty ratified by U. S. Senate, May 7. Execution of murderers by electricity after Jan. 1, 1889, passes N. Y. Senate, May 8; approved by the Governor, June 4. The President approves of bill to invite a conference of American States at Washington in 1889, May 24. Lieut.-Gen. Philip H. Sheridan confirmed as General of the A"My, June 1. National Democratic Conivention at St. Louis renominates President Cleveland, June 6. National Department of Labor bill approved by the President, June 13. The President signed the Chinese Exclusion Bill, forbidding any Chinese laborer who has been, or may now be, or may hereafter be, a resident within the U. S., and may depart therefrom, and who may not have returned before the passage of this act, to return to, or remain in, the U. S., Oct. 1. Death of General Philip H. Sheridan, aged 57 years, August 5. Major-Gen. John M. Schofield appointed to the command of the army, August 14. U. S. Senate rejects the Fisheries treaty, August 21. President's message to the U. S. Senate recommending enlarged powers under the Retaliation act, August 23. Floods at Augusta, Ga., destroyed $, 000,000 worth of property, Sept. 12. Bill prohibiting coming of Chinese laborers appro-ved, Sept. 13. September wheat touched $2 on Chicago Board of Trade, Sept. 29. U. S. Supreme Court sustains the constitutionality of the Iowa "Prohibitory Law," Oct. 22. The "Murchison" decoy letter to Lord SackvTille West made public, Oct. 24.,ord ý,ckville West, British Minister, dismissed by the President; Oct. '20. National Election for President; the Republican candidates elected, Noy. 6. Official yellow fever bulletin gave total number of deaths 412, and of cases 4,705, at Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1-0. 'L. S. men-of-war Galena and Yantic sailed for Hayti to demand release of the Haytian Republic, Dec. 12. Great storm in Pennsylvania; many lives lost at Pittsburgh and Reading, Jan. 9. Niagara Suspension Bridge blown down at 3 a. m., Jan. 10. Department of Agriculture created, Feb. 4. The States of North and South Dakot~a, Montana and Washington, created by Congress, Feb. 20. BeniamiR Harrison inaugurated President, March 4. Oklahoma proclamation Issued, May 27. Opening of the Oklahoma country, April 22. Centennial of Washington's inauguration, April 30. Murder of Dr. Cronin at Chicago, May 4. DestructiMon by flood of Mb-n-M-w-n, Pa. Committee, Jan. 18. La Grippe er Influenza prevalent throughout the Northern and Western States. Death of Gen. Crook, at Chicago, March 19. Act approved providing for the World's Columbian E xposition, at Chicago, April 25. Death of Gen. Fremont, at New York City, July 13. First execution by electricity, at Auburn, N. Y., Wmn. Kemmler, Aug. 6. First legislature of Oklahoma meets, Aug. 31. Act forbidding the use of the malls for lottery purposes, approved Sept. 19. The McKinley tariff bill takes effect, Oct. 6. General election; next House of Representatives Democratic, Nov. 4. The 51st Congress convenes, Dec. 1. Sitting Bull and seven other Indians killed near Standing Rock Agenc-y, D ec. 15. Battle of Wounded Knee, between the 7th Cavalry and hostile Indians, Dec. 219. Death of George Bancroft, historian, at Washington, Jan. 17. Death of Wmn. Windom at a banquet In New York, Jan. 29. Internationa! Monetary Congress met at Washington, Jan. 7. Application before the U. S. Supreme Court for- a prohibition to the U. S. District Co~urt. on its decision in the Behring Sea difficulty by Canadian representatives, Jan. 12. Sioux Indian war ended by submission of the Hostiles, Jan. 15. Reciprocity treaty with Brazil announced, Feb. 5. Death of Admiral David D. Porter, at Washington, Feb. 13. Death of Gen. Wmn. T. Sherman, at Washington, Feb. 14. Charles Fos-ter, of Ohio, appointed Secretary of the Treasury, Feb. 21. Copyright bill passed Congress, March 3. Act creating Circuit Court of Appeals, passed March 3. French Spoliation Dill passed, March 3. The Copyright bill becomes a law, March 4. The Enlistment of Indians in the U. S. army authorized March 6. Proposed arbitration of Behring Sea dispute. March 11. Lynching of 11 Italians at New. Orleans, March 14. Nicaragua Canal Party sails, March -14. American Society of Authors formed for the protection of writers, March 20. Recall of the Italian Minister, Baron Fava, March 31. 25th anniversary of the founding of the Grand Army of the Republic, April 6. Ground broken for the Grant Monument, New York City, April 27. 1891 Chinese Government refuses to recIve the American Minister, H. W. Blar,, April 28. Fort Berthold Reservation, N. Ds, opened for settlement, May 20. "The People's Party" formed at Oincinnati, May 20. Statue of Abraham Lincoln unveiled at Lincoln Park, Chicago, May 23. Bronze statue of General Grant, at Galena, Ill., unveiled, June 3.' The Czar of Russia presents Stanford University with a complete collection of Russian and Siberian mf~nerah% June 12. Surrender of the Chillan ship, It&t", at Iquique, to the U. S., June 4. First shipment of block tin from 00-~ fornia mines, June 15. International Postal Congress held at Vienna decides to hold next Congrew at Washington, June 25. Commercial treaty with Spain signed, June 26. Transfer of the Weather Bureau to the Agricultural Department, June 30. $500.00 accepted from the Itata for violation of the U. S. Navigation laws, July. Libel filed against- the arms and ammunition on the Itata, at San Diego, July 12. Statue of Stonewall Jackson unveiled at Lexington, Va., July 21. Smokeless powder used for the first time by the U. S. Government, July 25. The "Majestic" breaks the ocean record, time being 5d. 18h. 8m., Aug. 5. Cherokee strip in Indian Territory closed to Whites, Aug. 12. Rain-making experiment at Midland, Texas, Aug. 19. The "Teutonic" breaks the trans-Atlantic record of the "Majestic," time 5d. 16h. 31m., Aug. 19. Indian lands of Oklahoma opened, Sept. 22. Dedication of Pope Leo XIII. statue, presented to the Catholic University at Washington, Sept. 28. Leland Stanford, Jr.., Univer.4ity at Palo Alto, Cal., opened, Oct. 1. Equestrian statue of General Grant at Lincoln Park, Chicago, unveiled, Oct. 7. Commercial treaty with Germany concluded, Oct. 11. Shoshone and Arapahoe Indians sell one million acres of land to the Government at 55 cents an acre, Oct. 1-6. U. S. Government demands reparation from Chili for assault on the crew of the Baltimore, Oct. 26. Argument in the Sayward case, to zest U. S. jurisdiction over Behring Sea, begun in the U. S. Supreme Court, Nov. 9. Congress met; Mr. Crisp, of Georgia, chosen Speaker, Dec. 7. ISM Stevens County, Kan., war again breaks out, Jan. 5. Inter-State Commerce Commission appointed by the President, Jan. 5..Terrible mine explosion at McAlester, Ind. Ter., nearly 100 lives lost, Jan. 7. Secretary Blaine notifies foreign countries of retaliatory measures, as required by the Tariff Law, Jan. 8. Special message to Congress from the President, recommending financial aid to the World's Columbian Exhibition, Feb. 24. The President submits correspondence with England to Congress, regardintg Behring Sea controversy, March 9. Ex-Congressman W. R. Morrison selected as President of the Inter-State Commerce Commission, vice Judge Cooley, resigned, March 21. Free Silver coinage debate in Congress, March 22-24. Frenc_ Extaditin_ Traty-- gned 4rtt, May 8-15. Wyoming appoints women to National Republican Convention, May 7. The Alliance party proposes a new currency, May 8. The Pope approves Archbishop Ireland's Educationqj Policy, May 10. Association of American authors formed, May 17. Reciprocity with Guatemala goes into effect, May 30. James G. Blaine resigns as Secretary of State, June 4. Republican National Convention held, June 7. Benjamin Harrison and Whitelaw Reid nominated', June 1-0. Democratic National Convention held, June 21. Grover Cleveland and Adlai Stevenson nominated, June 23. Peary Arctic relief expedition. sails, June 27. Homestead, Pa., Steel Works closed, June 30. Prohibitionists nominate John Bidwell for President, July 1. People's Party nominate James B. Weaver for President, July 4. Slaughter of Pinkerton men at Homestead, July 6. National Christian Endeavor Society Convention at New York, July 7. Pennsylvania troops take possession of Homestead, Pa., July 10. Bill to close the World's Fair on Junday passes both Houses, July 14. Great storms in Minnesota, July 30. The President proclaims Oct. 12 a National holiday, July 21. H. C. Frick, chairman Carrn.-qie Steel Co., shot by Berkman, July 22. George Shiras confirmed by the Senate as Associate Justice U. S. Supreme Court, July 26. Inman Steamer City of Paris breaks the Ocean Record, 5d. 15h. 58m., July 27. Central Labor Union rejects anarchistic resolutions, July 30. Congress a.ppropriates $2,500,000 to the World's ~Fair, Aug. 5. Chinese sailors forbidden employment on American ships, Aug. 5. International Monetary representatives appointed by the President, Aug. 7. Trouble among East Tennessee mir ors, Aug. 13. Railroad strike of switchmen at Bitftalc, great destruction of proqgarty, Aug. 14. The President proclaims retaliation against Canada on canals, Aug. 20. Nancy Hanks again breaks the trotting record, 2.05%, Aug. 31. Death of George William Curtis, author and journalist, Aug. 31.1 Cholera brought to New York City by Hamburg steamer Monrovia, Aug.31. Nelson beats the stallion record, 2.13%, Aug. 31. =2 Death of J. G. Whittier, poet, Sept.. Nancy Hanks again breaks the trottinag record, 2.04, Sept. 28. Formal opening of the Cht~o University, Oct. 1L Dedication of the World's Fear buildings, at Chicago, Oct. 2 Fire at Milwaukee destroys 315 butildlugs, with $6,000,000 loss. Anarchist monument dedicated at Waldhelm ~Cemetery, near Chicago, Nov. &. Great strike at Homestead,, Pa&, declared off, Nov. 19. Stamboul lowers stallion record at Stockton, Cal., 2:07%, Nov. 23. Death of Jay Gould, capitalist, Dec. 2. Dr. McGlynn restored as a priest, Dec. 29. Immense gold fields discovered in Utah, Dec. 27. Prof. Briggs acquitted of heresy, Dec. 29. Great floods in California, Dec. 29. George W. Vanderbilt gives a costly art gallery to -the Fine Arts Society at New York, Dec. 30. 1893 Death of General Benjamin F. Butler, Jan. 11. Senate passes the Sual Protection BillS: Jan. 13. Death of ex-President R. B. Hayes, Jan. 17. Hawaiian Provisional Governn, proclaimed, supported by U. 8. authorities, Jan. 17. Death of James G. Blaine, statesman, Jan. 27. Russian Extradition Treaty confirme3d, Feb. 8. Conflict of rival Legislatures In Kansas, Feb. 21-25. Rank of American Ambassador established, March 1. Inauguration of President Cleveland, March 4. Behring Sea arbitration opened at Paris, France, April 10. President Cleveland opens World's Fair at Chicago, May 1. Chinese Exclusion Act goes into effect, May 1. Governor Altgeld pardons Chicago anarchists, June 28. Extra session of Congress called June' 30. Great fire at World's Fair, 24 lives lost, July 10. Behring Sea arbitrators award in favor of England, Aug. 15. Great storm on South Atlantic coast, Aug. 28. Wabash railroad accident at Kingsbury, 14 killed, 45 wounded, Sept. 22. Chicago Day at the 'World's Fair, at2, tendance 716,881, Oct. 9. World's Fair closed at Chicago, Oct. 30. Repeal of the Silver Purchase Clause Act of 1890, Nov. 1. 1894 New York Court of Appeals decides that foreign corporations may hold real estate in New York State, Jan. 16. Wilson Tariff Bill and Income Tax passes the House, Jan. 31. U. S. Warship Kearsarge, famous as the destroyer of the Confederate Alabama, wrecked. on Roncador Reef, Feb. 2. Death of George W. Childs, philanthropist and journalist, at Philadelphia,0 Feb. 3. Greater New York bill signed by the Governor, Feb. 28. President Cleveland vetoes the ~Bland Silver bill, March SO. Behring Sea proclamation issued, April 10. Unconstitutionality of the South Carolina Dispensary law declared, April 19. 136,000 coal miners ordered to strike in Aug. 9. 68 factories close at Fall River, 20,000r men idle, Aug. 13. United States recognizes the sovereignty of Nicaragua over the Mosquito Coast, Aug. 26. New Tariff becomes a law, without the President.'s signature, Aug. 27. Earthquake with great loss of life at Uvalde, Texas, Aug. 31. Reciprocity Treaty with Cuba cancelleL by Spain, Sept. 3. President Cleveland's Hawaiian letter first published, Sept. 5. Amnesty granted polygamists in Utah, Sept. 27. Death of Prof. David Swing at Chicago, 0Oct. 3. Death of Oliver Wendell Holmes, Oct. 7. Government offers to arbitrate in the Japan-China war, Nov. 6. 1296 Famous Mora case settled with Spain. Cotton States Exposition at Atlanta, Ga., opened. IM Vth, 45th State, admitted, Jan. 6. W1111am, McKinley eleced Presideptof the U. S.,p Nov.&V.( IM U.S. Senate passed resoluion 91 rcg, I nition of belligerency of2 Cuba, slaya Great G oeI d Discoveries of M2ondyke, July 15. VU. S. Battleship Ma~ine destroyed by ex. _plosion Jn Havana harbcr, Feb. 15. rindependence of Cuba recognized by resolution of Congress, AprU 19; and Proiddent's proclamation calling for 125,000 volunteers, April 23. Co~mmodore Dewey desy~e Spanish fleet In Manila Bay, May 1. Squadron under Schley and Sampom destroyed Spanish fleet under Cervera off Santiago de Cuba, July 8. Peace protocol signed. and Pmaidenl~ proclam ation issued suspending host~b ties, Aug. 12, 1899 Beginning of war for suppression o Aguinaldo and his followers; F111pin In surgents inaugurated general engage merit, Feb. 4. Peace Treaty with Spain raified b$ %W U.S. Senate. Feb. 6. 1900 City of Galveston, Tex., destroyed by hurric~ane, Sept. 8; 6000 lives lost. Twelfth Census of U. S. gives population 76,295,2420. 1901 President Wmn. McKinley inaugurated for Second term,:March; assassinated, Sept, 6; died, Sept. 14. 1902 Great anthracite coal-miner strike tegan, Ma~y. 1903 Iroquois Theatre, Chicago, burned Dee. 30, 600 lives lost. 1904 Theodore Roosevelt elected Prest~ent, Nov. 6. IM0 Wireless message sent from Kanms City to Cleveland, a dntance of 725 mile% Jan. M. 1907 Great finaneialdepresson, OeL L908 Boyertown, Pa. theatre bured. JI lost, January. I Nm" I Mý M.,j --. il W %-n-ty-ir-i crh f 01,me% "%--ýopyr ignlt. DL,..J),lLy uTo. -A, 2,ugie & co.

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