ï~~ 52 THE MICHIGAN BOTANIST Vol. 50 EDWARD G. VOSS, AN ACCOMPLISHED ENTOMOLOGIST Brian G. Scholtens Biology Department College of Charleston Charleston, SC 29424 Edward Voss' interest in entomology developed early in life, certainly in large part due to his consistent exposure to nature and interesting habitats each summer at his family's summer cottage in Mackinaw City, MI. Ed's parents encouraged his natural history pursuits, allowing the rearing of caterpillars and collections of plants and insects to accumulate in the cottage and at home in Toledo, OH. Despite a strict bedtime, Ed was allowed special dispensation to set an alarm and get up late at night to go out and collect moths at lights. In addition, he was regularly allowed to ride his bicycle several miles out of town to favorite collecting locations, e.g. Cecil Bay in Emmet Co., MI and Stimson Rd. in Cheboygan Co., MI, both mentioned in his listing of the butterflies of the area (Voss 1954). He also took his entomological interest with him to Camp Miniwanca in Oceana Co., MI where he spent a week or two for several summers. His counselors there also allowed Lepidoptera collecting, resulting in several interesting records from the Lake Michigan shoreline. I was gratified to see that the camp still existed when I passed by while conducting an extensive survey of the Lake Huron Locust on Great Lakes dunes. This early fascination turned into an award winning project when, in 1946, Ed was chosen by the Science Clubs of America as one of the 300 high school senior students with the most outstanding promise and ability in science based on his performance on a 3-hour exam and an essay about a scientific project, in Ed's case, "A Biological Survey" of the Mackinaw City area, focusing primarily on butterflies. This was obviously a very prescient choice for the award on the part of the Science Clubs of America. Ed took his interest in entomology to college at Denison University from 1946 to 1950. Here he met and worked with the nationally known skipper expert, Arthur Ward Lindsey, who had published extensively on this group of Lepidoptera (Lindsey 1921; Lindsey et al. 1931). This collaboration resulted in a senior thesis examining the phylogeny of the skippers (Hesperioidea) worldwide (Voss 1952). He used specimens from Lindsey's extensive collection and also borrowed specimens from around the world to complete tedious dissections and an analysis of morphology in the group. Several others have worked on this group subsequently (e.g. Evans 1937, 1949, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1955; and Watson 1893 before him) and the morphological diversity of the group has always made determining relationships difficult. When molecular techniques were finally applied to the problem along with the morphological evidence (Warren et al.
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