Page  119 ï~~2005 THE MICHIGAN BOTANIST 119 MOSSES AND LIVERWORTS OF THE KALAMAZOO NATURE CENTER A PRELIMINARY SURVEY Elwood B. Ehrle Department of Biological Sciences Western Michigan University Kalamazoo, MI 49008 During the summer of 2004, I made seven visits to the Kalamazoo Nature Center's 1100 acre tract at 7000 N. Westnedge Ave., approximately 5 miles north of Kalamazoo, Michigan. The visits lasted about three hours each. Six visits were made to different parts of the tract to collect moss and liverwort specimens. The seventh visit was made to place labels for the seven most common liverworts and mosses along trails in the hope that a guide sheet could be prepared and given to visitors interested in learning about these plants. Mr. Tyler Bassett of the KNC research staff accompanied all my visits to insure that areas collected were properly identified. He also independently collected a number of specimens for inclusion in this report. This study was conducted as part of the KNC Bioinventory project and was supported by a grant from the Hanes Fund. The six collecting trips, areas visited, and the number of collections made are presented below in Table 1. Microscopic examination of the 127 collections resulted in 152 moss and liverwort identifications, representing 55 different species. In some collections several species were growing intertwined. The 55 species identified probably represent 90+% of all moss and liverwort species growing on the KNC property. A recent 3-year study in Cass County of a 1400-acre tract resulted in 277 collections, representing 59 different species of mosses and liverworts, including seven species of Sphagnum. Only one species of Sphagnum was collected on the KNC tract, due to the fact that there are no bogs on the property. To get beyond the 90+% level would require more collecting trips, particularly into areas of the KNC not visited in the present study. TABLE 1. Bryophyte collecting trips to the Kalamazoo Nature Center Date Areas Visited # of collections made 9 June 2004 C1 13 18 June 2004 E2, Source Pond 17 15 July 2004 S1, F3, 03 27 28 July 2004 Fl, C1 23 16 August 2004 G, C3, F2 27 23 August 2004 U4, M, S3 13 Collected by Tyler Bassett 7 127 total collections

Page  120 ï~~120 THE MICHIGAN BOTANIST Vol. 44 120 THE MICHIGAN BOTANIST Vol. 44 Kalamaz~oo Nature Cente i to n FieldMap, K [.rZoaz Mlt2003-2004 }. s ecct150 meote C, 30, 50 Mete I. K AS3 *3~ le I > Srin Ism Csstm "tin" '.5 S Cs '5 k K Th~ 'I S \' '~ S V \ p ~ At' '4~' N v~ K 14 / St /. FIGURE 1. Kalamazoo Nature Center Biodiversity Field Map

Page  121 ï~~2005 THE MICHIGAN BOTANIST 121 TABLE 2. Kalamazoo Nature Center Biodiversity Study-Field Map Compartment Codes, representing collecting sites for bryophytes in this study. C1 Central Hardwood; forest north of Trout Run, west of railroad, east of Arboretum. C3 Central Hardwood; forest south of corn field, west of railroad. E2 Emergent Marsh F1 Floodplain; southern floodplain forest and various open wetland types along the Kalamazoo River; southern border is Trout Run. F2 Floodplain; adjacent to Fl; northern border is Trout Run. F3 Floodplain; starts at the SE end of S1 and follows Trout Run lowlands to railroad G Gravel Pit; oppposte forested ridges mark the borders; or railroad, or treeline. M Manicured; includes Arboretum, barnyard, and all parking lots. 03 Oldfield; esker where bluebird boxes are installed. S1 Sedge Meadow; area generally regarded as a fen; Habitat Haven trail circles around it. S3 Sedge Meadow; generally regarded as a fen; east border is Westnedge Avenue, the south border is Trout Run, and north border is an upland thicket, and the west border is indeterminate. Source Pond This is the largest pond on the property, near the western boundary. U4 Upland Shrubland; a mosaic of open woods, dense shrubland, open shrubland, and non-native grassland; follows trails (Green Heron and Pioneer Woods). Information on the 55 species of mosses and liverworts is presented in two different lists. The first is an annotated list of the species arranged in alphabetical order along with descriptions of the microenvironments in which each is found, the number of times each was collected, and estimates of its frequency on the property. Each listing begins with the scientific or technical name of the moss or liverwort. This consists of the genus and species to which it belongs and the name(s) of the person(s) who created the currently accepted binomial. This is followed by the common name of the plant for those mosses and liverworts having common names. Many of the common names follow those of Glime (1993). The number in parentheses indicates the number of times it was identified in the collections. This is followed by an estimate of its frequency on the KNC property and the type of microenvironment in which it occurs. Each listing ends with the areas of the KNC in which the species was found. The areas listed are those on the compartment map of the KNC property provided by the KNC research staff (Fig. 1 & Table 2). The second is a taxonomic list which presents the 55 species arranged by class, order, and family. All nomenclature and the sequence of families and orders is based on Crum (1983) and Crum (1991); the author citations are those adopted by W3MOST at A set of collections representing all 55 species is being prepared for the KNC. Except for

Page  122 ï~~122 THE MICHIGAN BOTANIST Vol. 44 the most common species, which have been discarded, all other collections will be housed in the Hanes Herbarium at Western Michigan University. AN ANNOTATED LIST OF THE MOSSES AND LIVERWORTS OF THE KNC Amblystegium serpens (Hedw.) Schimp. (10); common; in damp or wet places, usually on rotting logs, occasionally on soil; C1, C3, Fl, F2, F3, G. Anomodon attenuatus (Hedw.) Huebener; "Tree Apron Moss"; (4); frequent; on tree bases; Fl, F2, F3, Source Pond. Anomodon rostratus (Hedw.) Schimp.; (1); infrequent; on tree base; C1 Atrichum angustatum (Brid.) Bruch & Schimp.; "Star Moss"; (3); common; soil along trailsides and on forest floor; C1, S1. Brachythecium oxycladon (Brid.) A. Jaeger; "Cedar Moss"; (1); infrequent; bank of Source Pond. Brachythecium rutabulum (Hedw.) Schimp. (2); "Cedar Moss"; infrequent; on soil and bases of trees; Cl1, M. Brachythecium salebrosum (Hoffm. ex F. Weber & D. Mohr) Schimp.; "Cedar Moss"; (11); common; on soil, rotting logs, tree bases and rocks; in woods, along river bank and in seep spots; C1, F2, 03, U4. Bryhnia graminicolor (Brid.) Grout; (1); infrequent; on rock in streambed; F3. Bryum argenteum Hedw.; "Silvery Moss"; (1); infrequent; on soil in roadway; G. Bryum creberrimum Taylor; (2); infrequent; among rocks in RR bed; C1. Callicladium haldanianum (Grev.) H. A. Crum; "Shiny Moss"; (2); frequent; rotting logs and tree trunks in woods and at edge of fen; C1, S1. Calypogeja muelleriana (Schiffn.) Mull.; "Sack Liverwort"; (2); infrequent; rotting logs and tree bases in woods and at Source Pond; C4. Campylium chrysophyllum (Brid.) Lange; (1); infrequent; soil on Ridge Run Trail; C1. Campylium radicale (P.Beauv.) Grout; (2); infrequent; rotting logs at end of esker and with Typha in fen; 03, S3. Campylium stellatum (Hedw.) C. E. O. Jensen; (1); infrequent; calcareous seep; E 2. Ceratodon purpureus (Hedw.) Brid.; "Purple Cord Moss"; (1); infrequent; on sandy soil in roadway; G. Chiloscyphus pallescens (Ehrh. ex Hoffm.) Dumort.; "Squareleaved Liverwort"; (1); infrequent; soil at tree base; C1. Chiloscyphus polyanthus (L.) Corda; "Squareleaved Liverwort"; (1); infrequent; rotting log, bank of Trout Run; F3. Climacium dendroides (Hedw.) F. Weber & D. Mohr; "Christmas Tree Moss"; (3); frequent; in lawn at F Ave., along streambank, near Valley Trail; C1, F3. Conocephalum conicum (L.) Underw.; "Scented Liverwort";(2); infrequent; streamside banks; C1, F3. Cratoneuron filicinum (Hedw.) Spruce; (3); infrequent; calcareous fens and seeps; E2, F3, S1. Drepanocladus aduncus (Hedw.) Warnst.; "Sickle Moss"; (1); infrequent; calcareous fen; S1. Entodon cladorrhizans (Hedw.) Muill. Hal.; (1); infrequent; rotting log; C3. Entodon seductrix (Hedw.) Muill. Hal.; (4); frequent; rotting logs and tree bases; C3, Fl, F2. Eurhynchium hians (Hedw.) Sande Lac; (2); infrequent; trailside bank at edge of fen and soil near river. F2, S1. Eurhynchium pulchellum (Hedw.) Jenn.; (2); infrequent; soil in woods; U4. Fissidens adianthoides Hedw.; (1); infrequent; on rock at side of esker; 03. Fissidens taxifolius Hedw.; "Flat-Ironed Moss"; (10); common; on soil or rocks in damp or wet shady places; C1, F2, M, 03, S1, U4. Frullania eboracensis Gottsche; (1); infrequent; tree trunk at edge of fen; S1.

Page  123 ï~~2005 THE MICHIGAN BOTANIST 123 Funaria hygrometrica Hedw.; "Twistedcord moss";(1); infrequent; among rocks in RR bed; C1. Homomallium adnatum (Hedw.) Broth.; (1); infrequent; rotting log; 03. Hygroamblystegium tenax (Hedw.) Jenn.; "Brookside feather moss"; (3); frequent; tree base near river and on rocks at seep spot; C1, Fl. Hypnum fertile Sendtn.; (1); infrequent; with Typha in fen; S3. Hypnum pallescens (Hedw.) P. Beauv.; (1); infrequent; tree base near Research House. Leptodictyum humile (P. Beauv.) Ochyra; (3); infrequent; rotting logs and soil banks; F2, S1, Source Pond. Leptodictyum riparium (Hedw.) Warnst.; "Willow moss"; (8); common; soil, tree bases, rotting logs, rocks in streambed; C1, Fl, F2, F3, M, 03. Leucobryum albidum (Brid. ex P. Beauv.) Lindb.; "Small Pin Cushion Moss"; (1); infrequent; hummock in Source Marsh; El. Leucobryum glaucum (Hedw.) Angstrom; "Pincushion moss"; (1); infrequent but locally abundant on trailside bank at edge of fen; S1. Lophocolea heterophylla (Schrad.) Dum. "Crested Liverwort"; (11); common; on rotting logs, occasionally on soil or rock in damp shaded places; C1, C4, E2, Fl, F2. Mnium affine Blandow ex Funck; (1); infrequent; on soil along trail; C1. Mnium cuspidatum Hedw.; "Woodsy Mnium"; (12); common; rotting logs, soil, rock; C1, F2, G, M, 03, U4, bank of Source Pond. Mnium punctatum Hedw.; (1); infrequent; on soil in the lobe portion of Shrub Swamp; El. Nowellia curvifolia (Dicks.) Mitt.;(1); infrequent; rotting logs near river; Fl. Pallavacinia lyellii (Hook.) Caruth.; (1); infrequent; calcareous seep; E2. Plagiochila porelloides (Torr. ex Nees) Lindenb.; (1); infrequent; on ground above Trout Run; C1. Platygyrium repens (Brid.) Schimp.; (10); common; tree bases, tree trunks, rotting logs; C1, Fl, F2, S1, edge of Source Pond. Pohlia nutans (Hedw.) Lindb.; "Nodding Pohlia"; (1); infrequent; with Typha in fen; S3. Polytrichum commune Hedw.; "Common Haircap Moss"; (1); infrequent; soil at edge of fen; E2. Polytrichum piliferum Hedw.; "Awned Haircap Moss"; (1); infrequent; soil at edge of fen; E2. Porella platyphylla (L.) Pfeiff.; "False Selaginella"; (1); infrequent; tree base; C1. Rhynchostegium serrulatum (Hedw.) A. Jaeger; (2); infrequent; on soil, trailside and seep spot; C1, 03. Sphagnum russowii Warnst.; (1); infrequent; on hummock in the lobe portion of Source Marsh; El. Thuidium delicatulum (Hedw.) Schimp.; "Fern Moss"; (4); common; on soil, rocks, and rotting logs; C1, G, 03. Thuidium recognitum (Hedw.) Lindb.; (3); infrequent; soil near tree base, edge of fen; E2, Source Pond. Trichocolea tomentella (Ehrh.) Dumort.; (1); infrequent; on hummock in the lobe portion of Source Marsh; El. TAXONOMIC LIST OF THE MOSSES AND LIVERWORTS OF THE KALAMAZOO NATURE CENTER BRYOPHYTA HEPATICOPSIDA (LIVERWORTS) MARCHANTIALES (multistratose thalloid liverworts) Conocephalaceae Conocephalum conicum (L.) Lindb. METZGERIALES (unistratose thalloid liverworts)

Page  124 ï~~124 THE MICHIGAN BOTANIST Vol. 44 124 THE MICHIGAN BOTANIST Vol. 44 Pallavaciniaceae Pallavacinia lyellii (Hook.) Caruth. JUNGERMANNIALES (leafy liverworts) Trichocoleaceae Trichocolea tomentella (Ehrh.) Dumort. Calypogejaceae Calypogeja muelleriana (Schiffn.) K. Mull. Geocalycaceae Lophocolea heterophylla (Schrad.) Dumort. Chiloscyphus pallescens (Ehrh. ex Hoffm.) Dumort. Chiloscyphus polyanthus (L.) Corda Cephaloziaceae Nowellia curvifolia (Dicks.) Mitt. Plagiochilaceae Plagiochila porelloides (Torn ex Nees) Lindenb. Porellaceae Porella platyphylla (L.) Pfeiff. Jubulaceae Frullania eboracensis Gottsche SPHAGNOPSIDA (the sphagnum mosses) Sphagnaceae Sphagnum russowii Warnst. BRYOPSIDA (the true mosses) Fissidentaceae Fissidens adianthoides Hedw. Fissidens taxifolius Hedw. Ditrichaceae Ceratodon purpureus (Hedw.) Brid. Leucobryaceae Leucobryum glaucum (Hedw.) Angstrom Leucobryum albidum (Brid. ex P Beauv.) Lindb. Funariaceae Funaria hygrometrica Hedw. Bryaceae Pohlia nutans (Hedw.) Lindb. Bryum argenteum Hedw. Bryum creberrimum Taylor Mniaceae Mnium cuspidatum Hedw. Mnium affine Blandow ex Funck Mnium punctatum Hedw. Leskeaceae Anomodon rostratus (Hedw.) Schimp. Anomodon attenuatus (Hedw.) Huebener Thuidium recognitum (Hedw.) Lindb. Thuidium delicatulum (Hedw.) Schimp. Amblystegiaceae Cratoneuron fihicinum (Hedw.) Spruce Campylium chrysophyllum (Brid.) Lange Campylium radicale (P Beauv.) Grout Campylium stellatum (Hedw.) C. E. 0. Jensen Leptodictyum riparium (Hedw.) Warnst. Leptodictyum humile (P. Beauv.) Ochyra Hygroamblystegium tenax (Hedw.) Jenn. Amblystegium serpens (Hedw.) Schimp. Drepanocladus aduncus (Hedw.) Warnst. Brachytheciaceae

Page  125 ï~~2005 THE MICHIGAN BOTANIST 125 Brachythecium oxycladon (Brid.) A. Jaeger Brachythecium salebrosum (Hoffm. ex F. Weber & D. Mohr) Schimp. Brachythecium rutabulum (Hedw.) Schimp. Bryhnia graminicolor (Brid.) Grout Eurhynchium pulchellum (Hedw.) Jenn. Eurhynchium hians (Hedw.) Sande Lac. Rhynchostegium serrulatum (Hedw.) A. Jaeger Entodonaceae Entodon cladorrhizans (Hedw.) Muill. Hal. Entodon seductrix (Hedw.) Muill. Hal. Hypnaceae Platygyrium repens (Brid.) Schimp. Homomallium adnatum (Hedw.) Broth. Hypnum pallescens (Hedw.) P. Beauv. Hypnum fertile Sendtn. Callicladium haldanianum (Grev.) H. A. Crum Climaceae Climacium dendroides (Hedw.) F. Weber & D. Mohr Polytrichaceae Atrichum angustatum (Brid.) Bruch. & Schimp. Polytrichum piliferum Hedw. Polytrichum commune Hedw. SUMMARY AND INTERPRETATION Six trips to the Kalamazoo Nature Center during the summer of 2004 produced 127 moss and liverwort collections representing 55 species. These are entirely typical of the bryoflora of southwest Michigan. Comparison with studies of similar tracts suggests that the 55 species represent 90+% of all moss and liverwort species on the KNC property. The number of species present is held down by the lack of bogs, rock outcroppings, and water-falls on the KNC property. These are habitats in which many moss and liverwort species thrive. The richest environments on the KNC property for mosses and liverworts are the mature forests along the Cooper Glen Trail, the bed and borders of Trout Run, the edges of the Source Pond and the flood plain of the Kalamazoo River. The single richest microenvironment is rotting logs, particularly when they have become decorticated. No rare or endangered bryophyte species were encountered during this study. In fact, most of the species found at the KNC are quite widespread. Some of them are circumboreal in distribution and represent remnants of the great Tertiary age forests that once clothed the northern hemisphere of the planet. There is an amazing similarity in the bryoflora of southern Michigan from place to place. Thus, one can be quite confident that one will find Fissidens, Thuidium, Mnium, Lopohocolea and a number of other genera each time you step into a Southwest Michigan woodlot. To be sure, there are differences from place to place as well. This is the result of the fact that some of the species are quite widespread but don't occur everywhere. Plants like Porella, Climacium, Nowellia, and Pallavacinia are always a surprise wherever they are found.

Page  126 ï~~126 THE MICHIGAN BOTANIST Vol. 44 The bryoflora of the KNC is rich enough to contain many delights to point out to visitors and complex enough to merit further study. LITERATURE CITED Crum, H. 1983. Mosses of the Great Lakes Forest. Edition 3. University Herbarium, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. 417 pp. Crum, H. 1991. Liverworts and Hornworts of Southern Michigan. University Herbarium, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, vii + 233 pp. Glime, J. 1993. The Elfin World of Mosses and Liverworts of Michigan's Upper Peninsula and Isle Royale. Isle Royale Natural History Association. Houghton, MI. iv + 148 pp.