Lincoln's New Salem, by Benjamin P. Thomas; drawings by Romaine Proctor from photographs by the Herbert Georg studio, Springfield.
Thomas, Benjamin Platt, 1902-1956.
Page  [unnumbered]

INDEX

Page  [unnumbered]Page  123

INDEX

  • Abell, Mrs. Bennett, 80, 84.
  • Albany, 74.
  • Allen, Dr. John, settles in New Salem, 6; graduate of Dart|mouth, 6, 29; reformer, 25; or|ganizes Temperance Society, 31-32; organizes Sunday School, 32; strict Sabbatarian, 32-34; re|ligious gatherings at house of, 35; moves to Petersburg, 37; sues Hill, 94; site of house lo|cated, 104; house rebuilt, 103, 105; mentioned, 24, 68.
  • Allen, Col. Robert, 86.
  • Alley, Nelson, operates tavern, 12; bondsman for Lincoln, 64; signs note with Lincoln, 70; sued on note, 71-72.
  • Anderson, 2nd Lieut. Robert, 56.
  • Armstrong, Frances Green, 109.
  • Armstrong, Hannah, 46, 69, 80, 94.
  • Armstrong, Hugh, 54.
  • Armstrong, John (Jack), fights Ferguson, 26; wrestles with Lin|coln, 44-46; in Black Hawk War, 54; mentioned, 42, 96, 109.
  • Armstrong, Pleasant, 54.
  • Armstrong, Rhoda, 7.
  • Armstrong, William (Duff), 94.
  • Armstrong family, 7, 25, 46.
  • Athens, 7, 37, 64.
  • Atterbury, Bluford, 93-94.
  • Baptists, 34, 35, 36.
  • Barbecues, 29.
  • Barrett, Dr. R. F., 76.
  • Barton, William E., 102.
  • Baker, Edward D., 58.
  • Bale, Hardin, 12, 37.
  • Bale, Jacob, buys New Salem property, 12, 37; tuition for children of, 93.
  • Bath, 74.
  • Beardstown, postal receipts at, 68; mentioned, 10, 24, 37, 52, 53, 55, 56.
  • Berry, John M., leader in re|ligious life, 34, 35; helps or|ganize Temperance Society, 37; mentioned, 25, 61.
  • Berry, William F., partnership with Lincoln, 12, 13, 60-63; at|tends Illinois College, 29; in Black Hawk War, 54, 70; exe|cutes mortgage on Lincoln-Berry store, 71; sued by cred|itors, 72-74; see also Lincoln-Berry store.
  • Black Hawk, Chief, 53.
  • Black Hawk War, 53-58.
  • Blackwell, Robert, 79.
  • Blane, George, 93.
  • Blankenship, Eli C., 71, 72.
  • Bogue, Vincent, navigates the Sangamon, 51-52; sued by credi|tors, 70; mentioned, 71, 72.
  • Bond, Benjamin, 79.
  • Bond, Shadrach, 79.
  • Bone, Elihu, 94.
  • Browning, Mrs. Orville H., 84.
  • Bryant, William Cullen, 54.
  • Buckmaster, Nathaniel, 79.
  • Burner, Isaac, builds house, 10; leaves New Salem, 37.
  • Calhoun, John, appoints Lincoln deputy-surveyor, 68-69, men|tioned, 74.
  • Camp meetings, 34-35.
  • Campbellism, 36.
  • Camron, John M., founder of Page  124 New Salem, 4, 5; leaves New Salem, 13; children of, 22; preacher, 34, 35; Lincoln boards with, 43; mentioned, 25, 29, 42.
  • Canton, 13, 64.
  • Carpenter, William, 68.
  • Cartwright, Peter, denounces Hill, 15; preaches at camp meet|ings, 34; did not attend col|lege, 36; opposes Lincoln for Congress, 94.
  • Cass, Lewis, 55, 57.
  • Chandler, Dr. Charles, 96.
  • Chandlerville, 37.
  • Chicago, postal receipts at, 68; mentioned, 8.
  • Chrisman, Isaac P., 7, 25.
  • Chrisman, St. Clair, 7, 25.
  • Church, Eliza, 109.
  • Cincinnati, 24, 105.
  • Clarke, Charles James Fox, set|tles near New Salem, 12; en|ters land, 25; describes commu|nity, 15; describes "sudden freeze," 20; on position of women, 21; on social life, 27-28; on Illinois College, 29; on schools, 30; on religion, 34-35; describes growth of Petersburg, 37-38; furniture in Lukins' house made by, 109; mentioned, 64.
  • Clary, John, 7, 44.
  • Clary, Mrs. Louisa, 104.
  • Clary, Royal, 54.
  • Clary, William, opens saloon, 5; operates ferry, 6, 12; grocery of, site located, 104; rebuilt, 107; mentioned, 44, 54.
  • Clary family, 7, 25, 46.
  • Clary's Grove, 7, 19.
  • Clary's Grove boys, character of, 25, 26, 44; support Lincoln, 46, 55; in Black Hawk War, 54; smash Radford's store, 61, 70; mentioned, 27.
  • Clay, Henry, 49, 60, 64, 90.
  • Clothing, 22-23.
  • Cloud, Newton, 79.
  • Cogdale, Isaac, 93.
  • Coles County Lincoln farm, 101.
  • Concord, 7, 34.
  • Concord Creek, 4.
  • Cooking, 22.
  • Crowder, Washington, 20.
  • Daughters of the American Rev|olution, 101-102.
  • Debating Society, organized, 29; Lincoln speaks before, 47.
  • "Deep snow," 19.
  • Diet, 15-16, 22.
  • Dixon's Ferry, 8.
  • Douglas, Stephen A., 62, 80, 94.
  • Drinking, 31-32.
  • Dubois, Jesse K., 80.
  • Dummer, Henry E., 77.
  • Duncan, Dr. Jason, 12, 97.
  • Earley, Jacob M., 56.
  • Edwards, Cyrus, 79.
  • Eighth Judicial Circuit, 93, 94, 102.
  • Ellis, Abner Y., 58, 59.
  • Elmore, Jemima, 96.
  • Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 3.
  • Farming, 21.
  • Ferguson, Alexander, settles in New Salem, 12; leaves, 37.
  • Ferguson, John, operates ferry, 12; whips Armstrong, 26.
  • Ficklin, Orlando B., 80.
  • Fights, 26-27.
  • Fithian, William, 80.
  • Flint, Abel, Treatise on Geometry, Trigonometry and Rectangular Surveying, 69.
  • Forquer, George, 86-87.
  • Fort Dearborn, 8.
  • Free thinkers, 35.
  • Furniture, of pioneers, 23; in re|stored cabins, 108-109.
  • Galena, 8.
  • Garrison, William Lloyd, 87.
  • Gatewood, William, 79.
  • Gibson, Robert, Theory and Prac|tice of Surveying, 69.
  • Gillespie, Joseph, 58.
  • Page  125Godbey, Russell, 69, 78.
  • Golliher, Isaac, 10, 54.
  • Graham, Mentor, New Salem schoolmaster, 29-30; Baptist, 34; advises Lincoln to study grammar, 48; assists Lincoln, 49, 69; sued by Nancy Green, 94; testifies on Lincoln's mental aptitude, 97; mentioned, 25, 26.
  • Green, Bowling, offers Lincoln support of Democrats, 75; Lin|coln tries cases before, 77; men|tioned, 42, 82, 94.
  • Green, Nancy (Mrs. Bowling), 80, 85, 94.
  • Greene family, 7, 25, 46.
  • Greene, Felix, 30.
  • Greene, Lynn McNulty, 29.
  • Greene, William G., Jr., attends Illinois College, 29; assists Lin|coln in Offut's store, 44; helps Lincoln study grammar, 48; owner of store, 61; business dealings with Lincoln, 70-74; bets on Lincoln's strength, 95; mentioned, 54.
  • Greer, Edmund, 42.
  • Hanks, John, 41.
  • Hardin, John J., 58.
  • Harrison, George, 57.
  • Harrison, Reuben, 5.
  • Havana, stage line to, 13; postal receipts at, 68; mentioned, 57, 64.
  • Hay, John, see Nicolay and Hay.
  • Hearst, William Randolph, pur|chases site of New Salem, 102; joins in deeding site to State of Illinois, 103.
  • Hennepin, 8.
  • Henry, James D., 70, 71.
  • Herndon, James, 6, 60, 99.
  • Herndon, J. Rowan, opens store, 6; pilots the Talisman, 53; as|sisted by Lincoln, 58; sells store to Lincoln, 60, 70, 71; intro|duces Lincoln, 76; testifies con|cerning Lincoln's strength, 95; mentioned, 99.
  • Herndon, William H., discoverer of Ann Rutledge story, 83; practices law in Menard County, 94; writes biography of Lincoln, 98-100; mentioned, 35, 44, 55, 58, 59, 60, 64, 67, 68, 74, 78, 82, 84, 97.
  • Hill, Samuel, opens store, 5; part|nership with McNeil, 5, 14, 81; postmaster, 6, 64; carding ma|chine of, 13, 37; marries Par|thena Nance, 14; hires Ferguson to whip Armstrong, 26; moves to Petersburg, 38; sued by Allen, 94; store of, center of village life, 15; construction of, 18; site of store and residence lo|cated, 104; store rebuilt, 103; house of, 16; house rebuilt, 105-106; mentioned, 12, 24, 25, 60, 66, 68, 109.
  • Hill, Parthena (Mrs. Samuel), furniture owned by, 108-109.
  • Hodgenville, 101.
  • Horse races, 28.
  • Houses, 15-19, 104-107.
  • Huron, on stage line, 13; surveyed by Lincoln, 74.
  • Iles, Elijah, 56.
  • Iles, Washington, 52.
  • Illinois Centennial, 103.
  • Illinois College, 29, 36.
  • Illinois, State of, settlement in, 7-8; acquires site of New Salem, 103; restores New Salem, 103-108.
  • Indian Creek, 37.
  • Indian Point, 7.
  • Intellectual life, 29-30.
  • Irish Grove, 7.
  • Jackson, Andrew, 49, 59, 64, 90.
  • Jackson Grove, 64.
  • Jacksonville, postal receipts at, 68; mentioned, 37.
  • Jacksonville Female Academy, 82.
  • "Jerks," 34-35.
  • Johnson, Robert, settles in New Salem, 10; house of, restored, 106-107.
  • Page  126Johnson, Mrs. Robert, 34-35.
  • Johnston, John, 41.
  • Kelso, John (Jack), settles in New Salem, 10; student of Shake|speare and Burns, 29; leaves New Salem, 37; interests Lin|coln in literature, 48; house of, rebuilt, 107; mentioned, 77.
  • Keltner, Michael, 12.
  • Kirby family, 7, 25.
  • Knoxville, on stage line, 13; postal receipts at, 68; mentioned, 65.
  • Lamon, Ward Hill, 99-100.
  • Lewistown, on stage line, 13; postal receipts at, 68.
  • Lincoln, Abraham, arrival in New Salem, 6, 41-42; works in stillhouse, 32; casts first vote, 42-43; works for Offut, 44, 95-96; wrestles Armstrong, 44-46; speaks before Debating Society, 47; studies grammar, 47-48; helps pilot Talisman, 52-53; serves in Black Hawk War, 53-58, 70; partnership with Berry, 12-13, 60-61; sale of liquor by, 62-63; postmaster, 64-68; works at odd jobs, 68; surveyor, 68-69, 74-75; financial troubles, 70-74; studies law, 76-78; admitted to bar, 88; love affair with Ann Rutledge, 80-83; love affair with Mary Owens, 83-85; candidate for Legislature (1832), 49-51, 58-60; (1834), 75-76; (1836), 85-87; serves in Legislature (1834-35), 78-80; (1836-37), 87-88; dele|gate to Education Convention, 78; helps make Springfield the state capital, 87; stand on slav|ery, 88; moves to Springfield, 37, 88-89; religion of, 35, 89-90; meaning of New Salem years in development of, 3, 89-90.
  • Lincoln, Robert, 97, 98, 101.
  • Lincoln-Berry store, polls at, 15; rebuilt, 103; site of, located, 104; see also Lincoln, Berry.
  • Lincoln Centennial, 101.
  • Lincoln Circuit-Marking Associa|tion, 101.
  • Lincoln Farm Association, 101.
  • Lincoln legend, 94-97.
  • Little Grove, 7.
  • Logan, Stephen T., 59, 75.
  • "Long Nine," 87.
  • Lukins, Gregory, 25.
  • Lukins, Peter, settles in New Salem, 6; founds Petersburg, 12; house of, rebuilt, 106; men|tioned, 25, 31, 32, 109.
  • Marsh, George M., 66.
  • Marsh, Mathew S., writes about New Salem, 13; complains of size of families, 22; enters land, 25; letter of, franked by Lin|coln, 66.
  • Masters, Edgar Lee, 83.
  • Mather, Thomas, 79.
  • MacNamar, John, partnership with Hill, 5, 14, 81; buys Lin|coln-Berry store, 37; helps Lin|coln write address, 49; engaged to Ann Rutledge, 81-82; men|tioned, 25, 42, 109.
  • McCandless, James, 71.
  • McClellan, Gen. George B., 46-47.
  • McHenry family, 7.
  • McHenry, William, 80.
  • McNabb, Babb, 46.
  • McNeil, see MacNamar.
  • Meadows, James, 93.
  • Mechanicsburg, 76.
  • Medical practice, 30-31.
  • Menard County, established, 38; election returns of, 94.
  • Metamora Courthouse, 101.
  • Methodists, 34, 35, 36.
  • Miller, George, 94.
  • Miller, Joshua, settles in New Salem, 10; leaves, 37; house of, restored, 107; mentioned, 18, 34.
  • Money, 24.
  • Monmouth, 13, 65.
  • Morris, Philemon, builds house, 10; leaves New Salem, 37; men|tioned, 12.
Page  127
  • Nance, Parthena, 14; see Mrs. Samuel Hill.
  • Neale, Thomas M., county sur|veyor, 74; mentioned, 52.
  • New Boston, 74.
  • New Orleans, 24, 105.
  • New Salem, founding of, 4-5; growth of, 5-7, 10-14; popula|tion of, 15; decline of, 36-38; site of, acquired by Old Salem Lincoln League, 102; by State of Illinois, 103; restoration of, 102-108.
  • Nicolay, John George, 75; see also Nicolay and Hay.
  • Nicolay and Hay, describe Lin|coln's style, 51; authors of Abraham Lincoln; A History, 97-98; of Complete Works of Abraham Lincoln, 98; men|tioned, 100.
  • Offut, Denton, arrival in New Salem, 41; operates store and mill, 6, 42, 44; leaves New Salem, 12; Lincoln works for, 54, 95-96; store of, construction of, 18; rebuilt, 103; site of, lo|cated, 104.
  • Old Salem Chautauqua Associa|tion, acquires site of New Salem, 102; deeds site to State of Illi|nois, 103.
  • Old Salem Lincoln League, or|ganized, 102; begins restoration of New Salem, 103; locates sites, 104; collects furniture, 108.
  • Onstot, Henry, settles in New Salem, 6; operates tavern, 12; moves to Petersburg, 38; house of, rebuilt, 107; mentioned, 25, 26, 34, 41, 96, 108.
  • Onstot, T. G., 14, 16-17, 27, 29, 32, 34, 35, 96, 102.
  • Oquawka, see Yellow Banks.
  • Owen, Thomas H. V., 80.
  • Owens, Mary, 83-85.
  • Peck, John Mason, New Guide for Emigrants, 16; describes life, 24, 27.
  • Paine, Thomas, The Age of Rea|son, 35.
  • Pantier, David, 54.
  • Pantier, James, buys lots, 5: sells lots to Allen, 6; religion of, 34.
  • Pappsville, 58.
  • Pekin, postal receipts at, 68.
  • People of New Salem, 24-26.
  • Peoria, postal receipts at, 68; men|tioned, 8, 57.
  • Petersburg, founding of, 12; on stage line, 13; growth of, 37-38; made county seat, 38; surveyed by Lincoln, 74, 96; Lincoln speaks at, 94.
  • Portland Landing, 10, 52.
  • Potter, Edward (Ned), 7, 22, 25.
  • Potter, Mrs. Edward, 22.
  • Presbyterians, 34, 36.
  • Purkepile, John, 93.
  • Quinton, Richard, 76.
  • Radford, Reuben, buys Chrisman store, 7; sells out, 61, 70, 72; mentioned, 60, 74.
  • Reep, Thomas P., 103.
  • Regnier, Dr. Francis, buys Sinco's house, 10; leaves New Salem, 37; office furniture of, 108; men|tioned, 25, 26, 29, 31.
  • Religion, 34-36.
  • Reynolds, Governor John, 53.
  • Richardson, Allen, 12.
  • Richland, 54.
  • Rock Creek, 7, 34.
  • Rock Creek Lyceum, 35.
  • Ross, Harvey L., attends Illinois College, 29; carries New Salem mail, 65; mentioned, 66, 80.
  • Ross, Ossian, 65, 80.
  • Ross, William, 80.
  • Rutledge, Ann, birth of, 4; love affair with Lincoln, 80-83.
  • Rutledge, David, attends Illinois College, 29; signs conveyance bond, 71; opposes Lincoln in court, 94; mentioned, 54.
  • Rutledge, James, founds New Salem, 4, 5; opens tavern, 7; sells tavern, 12; moves to Sand Page  128 Rutledge, James—continued Ridge, 13; children of, 22; li|brary of, 29; tavern of, rebuilt, 103, 104; mentioned, 25, 34.
  • Rutledge, James McGrady, 21.
  • Rutledge, John M., 54.
  • Rutledge, Robert B., 47, 95.
  • St. Louis, 9, 18, 24, 105.
  • Sandburg, Carl, 101.
  • Sand Ridge, 7, 37.
  • Sangamo Journal, Lincoln local agent for, 68; mentioned, 8, 9, 10, 13, 49, 52, 75, 85.
  • Sangamontown, 13, 64.
  • Sangamon County, settlement in, 7, 37.
  • Sangamon River, navigation of, 9-10, 12, 36-37, 42, 50-53.
  • Sectarian rivalry, 36.
  • Seward, William H., 48.
  • Shipley, Reason, 93.
  • Shirreff, Patrick, 64.
  • Shooting for a beef, 28-29.
  • Short, James, 74, 82, 95.
  • Sinco, Henry, 6, 42.
  • Smoot, Coleman, 74, 78.
  • Snyder, Adam W., 79.
  • Social life, 26-29.
  • Spears, George, 19, 66.
  • Spears, "Granny," 22.
  • Speed, Joshua, 88.
  • Springfield, in 1830, 8; on stage line, 13; growth of, 37; cele|brates Talisman's arrival, 52; postal receipts at, 68; mentioned, 6, 9, 18, 28, 64, 65, 78.
  • Stage line, 13.
  • Stone, Daniel, 88.
  • Stuart, John T., in Black Hawk War, 57, 58; Lincoln consults, 75; advises Lincoln to study law, 76; takes Lincoln as part|ner, 88; mentioned, 77, 80.
  • Sturtevant, Julian, 36.
  • "Sudden freeze," 20.
  • Sugar Grove, 6, 7.
  • Sunday School, 32.
  • Sylph, 10.
  • Talisman, ascends the Sangamon, 10, 52-53; mentioned, 12, 70, 99.
  • Tarbell, Ida M., 100-101.
  • Taylor, Edmund D., 52.
  • Taylor, John, 37, 94.
  • Temperance Society, 31.
  • Thompson, Lorenzo D., 56.
  • Tibbs, John, 94.
  • Tracy and Reny, 13.
  • Trade, 24.
  • Travel, 8.
  • Transportation, 8-10, 12, 52.
  • Trent, Alexander, owns property in New Salem, 12; buys Lincoln-Berry store, 13; fails, 37; in Black Hawk War, 54; bondsman for Lincoln, 64; Lincoln sued by, 71; mentioned, 77.
  • Trent, Martin S., buys Lincoln-Berry store, 13; fails, 37; Lin|coln sued by, 71, mentioned, 77.
  • Turner, Frederic Jackson, 100.
  • Utility, 36.
  • Van Bergen, Peter, 72.
  • Vance, John C., 48.
  • Vance, John W., 79.
  • Vandalia, postal receipts at, 68; described, 78-80; capital at, ac|quired by State of Illinois, 101.
  • Volney, de, Constantine, 35.
  • Waddell, Martin, settles in New Salem, 10; leaves, 37; house of, restored, 107.
  • Warburton, George, opens store, 6; founds Petersburg, 12; in Black Hawk War, 54; men|tioned, 31.
  • Warren, Louis A., 101.
  • Watkins, Thomas, raises stock, 21; sues Lincoln, 72.
  • Watkins family, 7, 25, 46.
  • Whary, David, 6, 37.
  • White, Alexander, 56.
  • White, Hugh L., 85.
  • White, William, 94.
  • Whiteside, Gen. Samuel, 55.
  • Will, Dr. Conrad, 79.
  • Williams, Jacob, 94.
  • Williams, Joshua, 94.
  • Women, position of, 21-22.
  • Yellow Banks, 13.