Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln. Volume 7.
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865.

Pardon of Alfred Rubery [1]

[December 16, 1863?]

Whereas one Alfred Rubery was convicted on or about the twelfth day of October 1863, in the Circuit of the United States for the District of California, of engaging in, and giving aid and comfort to the existing rebellion against the Government of this country, and sentenced to ten years' imprisonment, and to pay a fine of ten thousand dollars;

And whereas, the said Alfred Rubery is of the immature age of twenty years, and of highly respectable parentage;

And whereas, the said Alfred Rubery is a subject of Great Britain, and his pardon is desired by John Bright, of England;

Now therefore, be it known that I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States of America, these and divers other considerations me thereunto moving, and especially as a public mark of the esteem held by the United States of America for the high character and steady friendship of the said John Bright, do hereby grant a pardon to the said Alfred Rubery, the same to begin and take effect on the twentieth day of January, 1864, on condition that he leave the country within thirty days from and after that date.


[1]   George M. Trevelyan, The Life of John Bright, p. 296. Although undated and unsigned as given in the source, this pardon has been dated from a despatch of December 16, 1863, appearing in the New York Times for December 17:

``The President to-day pardoned Alfred Rubers [sic], a young Englishman, convicted of high treason for having fitted out a secesh privateer at San FranciscoPage  72 in October and sentenced to ten years imprisonment and a fine of $10,000. The pardon was solicited by John Bright through Senator Sumner, and the President in the body of it expresses his high gratification at having been able to oblige a devoted English friend of the Union.''