Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln. Volume 2.
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865.


[1]   Illinois Weekly Journal, September 22, 1852. The speech had previously appeared in the Daily Journal in installments, September 15-21.

[2]   Brackets are in the source.

[3]   Tompkins Bush had been invited to speak to the club but asked to be excused because of a recent severe illness (Journal, August 17).

[4]   Stephen A. Douglas had attracted a considerable national following among the Democrats since his election to the Senate in 1847, and had received strong support for the party nomination at the Baltimore convention.

[5]   The speech was made on July 9.

[6]   Both platforms endorsed the Compromise of 1850, but the Democrats adopted theirs a few days earlier than the Whigs.

[7]   James A. Pearce, U.S. representative (1835-1839) and senator (1843-1862).

[8]   William A. Graham of North Carolina, who had served as secretary of the navy in President Fillmore's cabinet.

[9]   A solid block of Irish votes were regularly garnered by the Democrats, and were largely responsible for the election of Stephen A. Douglas as well as other Democratic candidates.

[10]   Bracketed in the source.

[11]   Ninian W. Edwards and James C. Conkling addressed the club on the evening of July 31.

[12]   In a drunken quarrel, Hannegan stabbed his brother-in-law John R. Duncan. Before dying, Duncan absolved Hannegan of the primary blame.

[13]   Scott commanded the federal forces in Charleston harbor in 1832, and his tactful but firm handling of the situation was widely credited with having averted armed conflict. Likewise, the near conflict with Britain in 1839, over the burning of the Caroline on the Niagara River (December 29, 1837) by Canadian troops engaged in suppressing the remnant of William L. McKenzie's rebellion, and over the disputed boundary between Maine and New Brunswick, was averted by Scott, who was in command of the American forces. Both questions were settled more or less amicably by the Webster-Ashburton Treaty in 1842.

[14]   Life and Services of Gen. Pierce, Respectfully Dedicated to Gen'l Lewis Cass (Concord: Gazette Press, 1852). As has been pointed out by Elwin L. Page (The Abraham Lincoln Quarterly, December, 1949, pp. 458-59), this anonymous satirical pamphlet purported to come from the press of a Democratic organ but was ``probably printed in the office of Charles L. Wheler's Tribune, a grossly virulent Whig campaign paper.'' Page observes, however, that ``Pierce's overzealous friends had retailed the very stories upon which the burlesque was built.''

[15]   Written on August 5 to H. B. McGinnis and others at Galena, Illinois, James Shields' letter was published in the Illinois State Register, August 23, 1852.

[16]   Further identification of Gordon Abrams is not available.

[17]   Fillmore was chairman of the ways and means committee of the Twenty-seventh Congress. He had been a member of three previous Congresses. Lincoln was somewhat inaccurate in contrasting the length of time elapsing before the respective Congressmen attained the distinction of committee chairmanships.

[18]   Pierce was chairman of the judiciary committee.

[19]   Douglas was chairman of the committee on territories; McClernand was chairman of the committee on public lands.

[20]   Senator William H. Seward's speech in favor of the admission of California into the Union (March 11, 1850) maintained that slavery should be excluded because of a ``higher law'' than the Constitution.

[21]   In his speech at New Boston, January 2, 1852.

[22]   Frederick Marryat.