[2]   Henry Clay's distribution bill, first introduced in 1832, provided that 10 per cent of the net proceeds of the sale of public lands be distributed to the states in which they were located. Before the bill was adopted a provision was added for pre-emption---a policy sponsored by Thomas H. Benton for the protection of so-called ``squatters.'' A further provision made distribution contingent upon maintenance of tariff rates at a level below 20 per cent. When the 20 per cent level was reached in 1841, Clay's measure was automatically suspended. See Lincoln's discussion in the ``Campaign Circular from Whig Committee,'' March 4, 1843.

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