Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln. Volume 1.
Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865.

An Act of the Illinois Legislature
to Lay Out a State Road from the Wabash to the Yellow Banks of the Mississippi River [1]

[January 12, 1835]

SEC 1 Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois represented in the General Assembly. That [Parnick Owens of Knox Co. Samuel Allen of Peoria Co. and Robert Bird of Putnam County] be and they are hereby appointed commissioners to view, mark and locate a road from a point on the eastern bound'ry line of this State---where a line runing due West from Logansport in the State of Indiana would cross said State line. Thence Westward the nearest and best rout to Allenton at the head of Lake Peoria on the Illinois river. Thence to the seat of justice of Knox county. Thence to the seat of justice of Warren county. Thence to the Lower Yellow Banks on the Mississippi river.

SEC 2nd. The said commissioners or a majority of them shall meet at [Knoxville] on or before the [first] day of [June] next and after being duly sworn by some Justice of the Peace---faithfully to view and locate said road without partiality favour or affection, shall immediately thereafter proceed to discharge the duties required of them by this act, placing in the prairy, through which the same shall pass stakes of a reasonable size of durable timber

Page  33SEC 3. As soon as practicable, after said road is located, said commissioners or a majority of them shall make out a report accompanied by a map or plat of said road denoting the courses and distances from point to point---with such other remarks as they or a majority of them may deem necessary and proper; and transmit the same to the Secretary of state. And they or a majority of them shall make a map or plat of so much of said road as lies within the respective counties, and transmit it to the clerk of the county commissioners court of the respective counties through which the same may pass which shall be filed and preserved in the office of said court.

SEC 4. When said road shall be located it shall be to all intents and purposes a state road, four poles wide, and shall be opened and kept in repair as other roads are in this state.

SEC 5. The county commissioners court of each county through which the said road may pass are hereby authorized [if they shall think proper] [2] to allow to said commissioners one dollar and fifty cents per day for the time necessarily employed in locating the said road in each of their respective counties; Provided that nothing herein contained shall be so construed as to create any liability on the part of this state to pay said commissioners for their services, rendered under the authority of this act.

This act to be in force from and after its passage.


[1]   AD, I-Ar. The original bill is in Lincoln's handwriting except for bracketed passages. It was introduced by John T. Stuart from the committee on petitions to which had been referred the petition of sundry citizens of Peoria and Putnam counties, praying the establishment of a state road therein named. Introduced on January 12, the bill was passed on January 16. It appears in Laws of Illinois, 1835, pp. 112-13, with but minor changes, chiefly in punctuation.

[2]   This wording was substituted for Lincoln's ``and required.''