Welcome. The staff of the International Institute is pleased to present the first number of ii: The Journal of the International Institute. The journal is intended to bring a broad range of information and views to The University of Michigan community. . .alumni, faculty, friends, staff, students, and visitors. . .as well as to a broader international community interested in the activities of the University in training and research on world regions, international issues, and global processes. ii serves as a journal of record regarding opportunities for study and research; it will as well serve as a venue for occasional papers, commentaries, reports, and reviews that reflect the range of interests that the International Institute is poised to encourage; we welcome submissions of news and comment. ii will be published three times a year (fall, winter, and spring).

    The International Institute of the University of Michigan was founded on September 24, 1993, by authority of the Regents of the University of Michigan. The Institute has a deeper history, or histories, through trials of several frameworks for support of new and continuing ventures in the internationalization of the University, and through important and effective initiatives undertaken by officers of the University. A most important direction was set by President James J. Duderstadt, expressed in several forums, but most succinctly perhaps in his "State of the University of Address," October 3, 1988:

    "Among the University's many responsibilities and priorities, one must rank high our responsibility to develop and sustain programs which reflect [an] international perspective. It is true that this University has a long tradition of involvement in international activities. Our academic programs, our relationships with institutions abroad, the international representation among our students and faculty-all contribute in important ways to our University. However, if the University of Michigan is to fully participate in an increasingly interdependent world, it must begin to think more imaginatively, more aggressively, and more strategically about how to strengthen our role as a truly international center of learning."

    John H. Jackson, Harold K. Jacobson, Gilbert R. Whitaker, Jr. John D'Arms, Robert Holbrook, Edie Goldenberg, John Chamberlin, Ruth Hastie, Harold Stevenson, Fred Cooper, John Cross, Barbara Murphy, Henry Halloway, Jane Ferraro, and Kathryn Huss, with others, have contributed in varied and important ways to the laying of the foundation of the International Institute.

    By direction of the Dean of the College of Literature, Science, # the Arts, a number of centers and programs-some long established, others newly developing-have been placed within the responsibility of the Institute: Armenian Studies, the Asian Studies Undergraduate Program, the Center for Chinese Studies, the Center for Japanese Studies, the Center for Middle Eastern and North African Studies, the Center for Russian and Eastern European Studies, the Center for South and Southeast Asian Studies, Latin American and Caribbean Studies, the Office of International Programs, the Program for Inter-Institutional Collaboration in Area Studies, the Program in British Studies, and the Program in the Comparative Study of Social Transformations. The Center for Afro-American and African Studies and the Population Studies Program, both active departments within the College, are affiliated to the Institute. Additionally, the Center for Research in Economic Development and the Center for Western European Studies, once active and important centers, now quiescent yet formally within the Institute's authority, are being reviewed toward the opening of fresh initiatives of the University in respect to the field of development and European studies. A Korean Studies Program is presently in formation.

    The Institute is expected to provide encouragement, support, augmented leadership, and strong representation to and on behalf of its constituent and affiliated programs and centers, with the objective of helping the programs and centers achieve leadership in their respective fields. The several centers and programs within the Institute bring expertise and added value to undergraduate study, graduate training, faculty development, and research across the University, and they contribute in a variety of ways to the agendas for training and research in their fields, as they are constituted globally. The Institute attempts to support these ever widening ripples across the University and beyond.

    The challenge for the new Institute is to encourage cooperation and joint initiatives among and between programs and centers-to achieve both greater effect and efficiency-while protecting and nurturing the distinctive identities and directions of the individual centers and programs.

    The International Institute also operates as a small "foundation," with funds for seeding student and faculty activity, special programs, and significant initiatives, such as the Michigan International Internship Program, the Visiting Artist/Writer appointment, the Multi-Year Fellowship Program, and the Advanced Study Center. Information concerning such opportunities from within the Institute, along with application and review procedures, should be broadly available, and the Institute has recently made available a "Guide to Resources in Support of International and Area Studies."

    The Institute operates under the supervision of a Governing Board which meets three times a year. The Board's Executive Committee meets monthly. The directors of constituent and affiliated programs and centers meet monthly as a Management Committee. The key administrators of the several programs and centers meet monthly under the leadership of the Institute's Assistant Director. A "Tuesday Committee" reviews small proposals on a weekly basis, while a Grants and Fellowships Committee reviews applications to a range of Institute resources.

    While located within the College, with its Director reporting to the Dean, the Institute-through its "foundation," through the Advanced Study Center (which will begin operation in September, 1994) and through the activities of its constituent and affiliated programs and centers-seeks to assist schools across the University with the development of international programs. An important opportunity for such development lies with the establishment of a number of new faculty positions, to be filled through joint appointments between departments in the College and the professional schools. A first search, in the field of international competitiveness, is now underway, and a number of proposals for joint positions are in the development and review stages. Further proposals will be developed and approved over the next few years. It is expected that these appointments will bring fresh expertise into the University. This expertise will be directed toward the important transformations in the world as well as toward the changes in the ways the world is studied. The appointments intend to be responsive to the recognition of new and challenging features of data, or knowledge; to the observation of the organization of important expertise, analysis, and interpretation outside the North American academy; and to the opportunity to bridge insight and authority from scholarship and practice. With the Advanced Study Center organizing inquiry across diverse fields and regions, and among scholars and practitioners, students, faculty, and visitors, the Institute seeks to participate in the important re-address of American higher education to the currents and forces of the wider world.

    Institute staff-John B. Godfrey, Kathleen Thomson, Robert Wilke, Kate Swoboda, Charlotte Droll, Siobhan La Piana, Jessica Rial, Kaja Sehrt, and Tom Wolfe, among others-have made critical contributions to the emergence of the Institute in its very first months, and to the appearance of this first number of ii. Students, faculty, friends, and visitors interested in the activities of the Institute should request newsletters and information on special programs from the constituent and affiliated programs and centers, whose many programs far exceed the capacity of this journal to detail them all.

    The staff welcomes suggestions, advice, and contributions. Please inform us if you know someone within or outside the University who would appreciate receiving a copy of ii. A mailing list is being constructed. We expect a third of our copies to travel overseas. With appreciation for the interest of so many friends in the early development of the International Institute,

    David William Cohen, Director