/ Introduction

Shortly after Amy Friedlander was named director of programs of the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR) last April, we asked her to be a JEP guest editor, reprising her roles as editor of the online magazine, iMP: The Magazine on Information Impacts, and as editor of D-Lib Magazine. This time, we proposed, her job would be easier: she could put together an issue without having to first establish the editorial policies (as she had done with iMP and D-Lib).

Gracious and hardworking as always, Amy selected ten scholars and thinkers and invited them to contribute to a Special Issue on Communications, Scholarly Communications and the Advanced Research Infrastructure. She supported them through the writing and editing, and produced this stunning collection of articles from a stellar set of authors for your edification and reading pleasure.

In Cyberscholarship: High Performance Computing Meets Digital Libraries, William Y. Arms takes us into the world of high-performance computing and shows us how the scholarly enterprise can change as computer scientists work with researchers in other fields to apply new tools to data in digital format. (Full disclosure here: Bill was founding publisher of D-Lib, and Amy was founding editor.)

Jeremy Birnholtz looks at another face of cyberscholarship, the effect of having a number of researchers, often from different fields, contributing to one finding. In When Authorship Isn’t Enough: Lessons from CERN on the Implications of Formal and Informal Credit Attribution Mechanisms in Collaborative Research, Birnholtz reports on the results of months of interviews at CERN.

New cyberinfrastructures require not only collaboration across disciplines, but collaboration across organizations. In The Virtual Observatory Meets the Library, G. Sayeed Choudhury tells of the lessons learned—academic, technological, and sociological—when Johns Hopkins University created an astronomical database.

Karla L. Hahn points out that the revolution in communication has come—we are in the midst of it, she writes—and the train may be leaving the station without the scholars and librarians on board. In Talk About Talking About New Models of Scholarly Communication, she suggests ways that these groups can get back into the discussion.

In Can Universities Dream of Electric Sheepskin? Systemic Transformations in Higher Education Organizational Models, Charles Henry raises fundamental questions about the nature of the university now that communication and scholarship are so ingrained in academe.

Ronald L. Larsen reports on a workshop he co-chaired with William Arms on the implications of large-scale digital content on network infrastructure in On the Threshold of Cyberscholarship. His conclusion is that digital information needs to be collected, stored, and made available in new ways today.

Digitization has made it possible not only to give more scholars access to the surviving manuscripts of the Romance of the Rose that are locked in libraries and archives around the world, it has given scholars more access than even the original owners had in the Middle Ages. Stephen G. Nichols tells that story in "Born Medieval": MSS. in the Digital Scriptorium.

Kathlin Smith asks the important questions of where digital objects are kept and who is responsible for them, and begins to answer them, in Institutional Repositories and E-Journal Archiving: What Are We Learning?

Peter Suber takes us on a whirlwind tour of the past year in Open Access happenings in Open Access in 2007. The sheer volume of activity is its own argument that open access is a growing trend.

Another look at open access raises the question of sustainability, both of the approach and of the data itself. In Open Access Publishing and the Emerging Infrastructure for 21st-Century Scholarship, Donald Waters asks, “open access for what and for whom and how can we ensure that there is sufficient capital for continued innovation in scholarly publishing?”

Finally, Amy Friedlander, our guest editor, wraps it all up for us in The Triple Helix: Cyberinfrastructure, Scholarly Communication, and Trust. Her thesis is that the cyberinfrastructure supports communication, which in its turn both creates and increases the trust that is necessary to the success of the infrastructure.