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Author: Lynn C. Westney
Title: E-Journals - Inside and Out
Publication info: Ann Arbor, MI: MPublishing, University of Michigan Library
September 2002

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Source: E-Journals - Inside and Out
Lynn C. Westney

vol. 5, no. 3, September 2002
Article Type: Review

E-Journals - Inside and Out

Lynn C. Westney

The acronym SDI stands for Selective Dissemination of Information in the field of Library and Information Science. The editor of this column on E-Journals has been a practicing academic reference librarian since 1983. Lynn C. Westney is Coordinator of Reference Collection Development and an Associate Professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago. In this column she selectively disseminates international information on the contents of freely accessible (no subscription required), e-journals, e-newsletters, and other e-publications. On occasion, relevant Web sites are included. Selectivity is the principle guideline for this column.

The Journal of the Association for History and Computing, JAHC, has as its focus the applications of computer and other electronic technologies into the historical profession which is interdisciplinary in several areas. The applications of new technologies, particularly within academe, have been the focus of research by scholars in many disciplines, especially in all aspects of education, history, philosophy, and library and information science. These applications are interdisciplinary rather than discipline-specific.

Historians must be open and receptive to the ideas presented in other journals and in other fields. An additional purpose of this column is to present to the readers of JAHC, the issues, controversies, and trends which are impacting interdisciplinary research within history and computing and allied disciplines as evidenced within current electronic publications.

Professor Westney brings to our attention a diversity of global e-publications of interest to historians and other scholars by providing a brief descriptive and evaluative annotation of each publication which she has chosen for inclusion. Through highlighting and reviewing individual articles which she has identified as appropriate for our purposes, this effort serves as an introductory vehicle for the selective dissemination of information for the members of AAHC, JAHC, and all others who visit our Web site. Commentary and queries concerning this column should be addressed to

Special Feature
Military History E-Journals and E-Books: Part I

The selected entries are listed in alphabetical order by e-title.

International Journal of Naval History

Vol. 1, No. 1, April, 2002

The objective of the International Journal of Naval History is to provide a pre-eminent forum for works of naval history researched and written to demonstrable academic standards and to stimulate and promote research into naval history and foster communication among naval historians at an international level.

Among the articles included in the premier issue of this journal are the following contributed by an international group of military historians:

"A Naval Depot and Dockyard on the Western Waters: The Rise and Fall of the Memphis Naval Yard, 1844-1854," by Stanley J. Adamiak, University of Central Oklahoma.

"The United States Navy's Early Atomic Energy Research, 1939-1946," by Joseph-James Ahern, American Philosophical Society Library.

"In the Shadow of Briggs: A New Perspective on British Naval Administration and W. T. Stead's 1884 "Truth about the Navy" Campaign," by John Beeler, University of Alabama.

"British Imperial Defence Strategy and Russia: The Role of the Royal Navy in the Far East, 1878-1898," by John Berryman, Birkbeck College, University of London.

"Learning the Enemy's Language: U.S. Navy Officer Language Students in Japan, 1920 - 1941," by Richard Bradford, West Virginia University Institute of Technology.

"German vs. Allied Codebreakers in the Battle of the Atlantic," by Stephen Budiansky.

"Dangerous Crossings: The First Modern Polar Expedition, 1925," by Harold Cones, Christopher Newport University andJohn Bryant, Oklahoma State University.

"The Lasting Influence of Theodore Roosevelt's Naval War of 1812," by Michael J. Crawford, U.S. Naval Historical Center.

" 'The fiery focus': An Analysis of the Union Ironclad Repulse at Charleston, 7 April 1863," by Howard J. Fuller, King's College, London.

" "Revolutionary Change at Evolutionary Speed": Women and the United States Naval Academy," by H. Michael Gelfand, University of Arizona.

"Officer Training in the Prussian Navy: The Professionalization of the Naval Officer Corps in the1860s," by Terrell Gottschall, Walla Walla College.

"Building a Republican Navy in Turkey: 1924-1939," by Serhat Guvenc, Istanbul Bilgi University.

"The Naval Policies of the Harding Administration: Time for a Reassessment?" by Manley R. Irwin, University of New Hampshire.

"Anglo-American Naval Inventors, 1890-1919: Last of a Breed," by Hubert C. Johnson, University of Saskatchewan.

"They called us bluejackets": The Transformation of Self-emancipated Slaves from Contrabands of War to Fighting Sailors in the South Atlantic Blocking Squadron during the Civil War," by Dr. Lisa Y. King, Morgan State University.

"The Civil War Gulf Blockade: The Unpublished Journal of a U.S. Navy Warrant Officer Aboard the USS Vincennes, 1861-1864," by Robert M. Oxley, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University .

"The Great Landing1917," by C. L. W. Page, Naval History Office, MOD, London.

"Creation of a Web-Enabled Naval Operations Database," by Jon Parshall.

"Forerunners to the West German Bundesmarine: The Klose Fast Patrol Group, the Naval Historical Team Bremerhaven, and the U.S. Navy's Labor Service Unit," by (B) Douglas Peifer, U.S. Air Command and Staff College.

"Martha Coston: A Woman, a War, and a Signal to the World," by Denise E. Pilato, Eastern Michigan University.

"Losing the Initiative in Mercantile Warfare: Great Britain's Surprising Failure to Anticipate Maritime Challenges to Her Global Trading Network in the First World War," by Angus Ross, US Naval War College.

"The Case of Oskar Kusch and the Limits of U-boat Camaraderie in World War II: Reflections on a German Tragedy," by Eric C. Rust, Baylor University.

"The Genesis of the Minority Recruiting Program at the U.S. Naval Academy, 1965-1976," by Robert J. Schneller, Jr., U.S. Naval Historical Center.

"Preparing for War: Naval Education Between the World Wars," by Professor Douglas V. Smith, U. S. Naval War College.

"Amphibious Renaissance The Royal Navy and the Royal Marines, 1956-1966," by Ian Speller, King's College London and the UK Joint Services Command and Staff College.

"Naval Presence: The Cruiser Esmerelda in Panama," by Carlos Tromben, Chilean Navy.

"There should be No Bungling About this Blockade:" The Blockade Board of 1861 and the Making of Union Naval Strategy," by Kevin J. Weddle , US Army War College.

"Without a Hangman, Without a Rope: Navy War Crimes Trials After World War II.," by Jeanie M. Welch, University of North Carolina, Charlotte.

"Computer Methods for Investigating Naval History: Panel Overview and Summary," by Linton Wells II, Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense, Panel Chairman.

"Uncle Sam's Webfeet: The Union Navy in the Civil War," by Glenn F. Williams, U.S. Army (Ret.).

Joint Electronic Library: History Publications

Available online publications include Joint Military Operations Historical Collection; Operation Just Cause - Panama; Operation Urgent Fury - Grenada; The Chairmanship of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (Parts 1 - 5); and The Development of the Base Force 1989 - 1992.

Cole, Ronald H., et al. The History of the Unified Command Plan 1946 - 1993.

Washington, D.C.: Joint History Office, Office of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, February, 1995. Covers the formulation of the plan, modificaitons, and periodic revisions. This volume is a compilation of three separate histories which were originally classified. The history of the Unified Command Plan is a useful guide for those engaged in the development of current military policy and strategy as well as an important reference for students of U.S. policy and strategy during the Cold War.

JFQ: Joint Force Quarterly

No. 30, Spring, 2002,

"Lessons from the War in Kosovo,"by Benjamin S. Lambeth.

"Military Transformation and Legacy Forces," by Williamson Murray and Thomas O'Leary.

"Europe's Military Revolution," by Francois L. J. Heisbourg.

"The Republic of Korea Approaches the Future," by Jiyul Kim and Michael J. Finnegan.

"Australia and the Quest for the Knowledge Edge," by Micheal Evans.

"Seeking Synergy: Joint Effects-Based Operations," by Price T. Bingham.

"Operational Deception in the Information Age," by Milan N. Veg.

No. 29, Autumn-Winter, 2001/2002

"International Naval Cooperation during the Spanish Civil War," by Adam B. Siegel.

"Military Engagement in the South Caucusus," by James E. DeTemole.

JMR: Journal for Maritime Research (Available through the National Maritime Museum Homepage)

The JMR publishes innovative, multi-disciplinary research on maritime subjects ranging from contemporary issues to the political, economic, cultural and social aspects of maritime history. The journal also includes up-to-date conference reports, resumes of work in progress by leading scholars and extensive book reviews.

To view the latest JMR content, it is necessary to subscribe to the journal (archived material is currently free as is the occasional special item).

The Naval War College Review

The Naval War College Review was established in 1948 by the Chief of Naval Personnel in order that officers of the Navy and Marine Corps might receive some of the educational benefits made available to resident students at the Naval War College. Titled Naval War College Information Service for Officers until the September 1952 issue, its distribution was at first authorized only to officers of the Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard in the grade of lieutenant commander (major) and above. Originally classified "Restricted," since January 1954 the Review has been unclassified; previous issues are now declassified as well. The thoughts and opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors and are not necessarily those of the U.S. Navy Department or the Naval War College.

The Naval War College Review Index lists all articles published between the years of 1948 and 1991. Supplements appear annually in Winter editions starting in 1993. Full-text articles are available in HTML format.

The Naval War College Press ( is a department of the Center for Naval Warfare Studies, which publishes a variety of works, including one of the leading quarterly journals on international security, defense, and naval matters, The Naval War College Review. The Review was listed as "the government publication most frequently cited in the area of foreign affairs" by Educational Rankings Annual 1993. It makes available to policy makers and a broad international readership current thought on topics such as: strategy; operations; international law; defense economics; regional security studies; civil relations; history; doctrine; planning; war gaming; technology; coalition warfare; and operations other than war.

Vol. 55, No. 4, Autumn, 2002

"Socioeconomic Roots of Middle East Radicalism," by Alan Richards.

The sources of Middle East extremism are profoundly complex and intertwined, composed of economic, social, political, and cultural dimensions. As important as the socioeconomic and political aspects of the present crisis are, however, the cultural difficulties are equally challenging, perhaps uniquely so.

"Thinking Out of the Box: Reading Military Texts from a Different Perspective," by Lieutenant Colonel Phillip J. Ridderhof, U.S. Marine Corps.

The "deconstruction" of texts, a postmodernist technique that denies the existence of objectively true meanings, can be usefully applied, with adaptations, to the military world. A Marine officer argues that it generates valuable insights by identifying everything that a document's drafters thought most important, less important, and not important enough to mention.

Vol. 55, No. 1, Winter, 2002

"The Beira Patrol: Britain's Broken Blockade against Rhodesia," by Richard Mobley.

A widely publicized challenge to a 1965 oil embargo against the white-minority regime of the breakaway colony of Southern Rhodesia led Britain to establish, with a Security Council Mandate, an equally publicized maritime blockade from which, though ineffective and burdensome, the Royal Navy and Air Force could not extricate themselves for nine years. Newly available archival sources illuminate a case study of the political imperatives and rules of maritime intercept operations.

History and Interdisciplinary E-Journals and Electronic Publications

The selected entries are listed in alphabetical order by e-title.


Ariadne is targeted principally at information science professionals in academia, and also to interested lay people both in and beyond the higher education community. Its main geographic focus is the UK, but it is widely read in the US and worldwide.

The magazine has as its principal goal to report on information service developments and information networking issues worldwide, keeping the busy practitioner abreast of current digital library initiatives. It has reported in depth to the information community at large on progress and developments within the UK Electronic Libraries Programme since its inception, and now additionally reports on newer JISC-funded programmes and services. Ariadne is published every three months by UKOLN.

Vol. 33, September/October, 2002.

"Utilizing E-books to Enhance Digital Library Offerings," by Shirley Hyatt and Lynn Silipigni Connaway.

On January 24, 2002, OCLC Online Computer Library Center acquired netLibrary, a major electronic books (e-books) company. The term "e-book" is used to represent content that has been made available digitally and electronically. OCLC's acquisition includes the e-book Division of netLibrary, which OCLC has integrated as a division of OCLC, and netLibrary's MetaText eTextbook Division, which has become a for-profit subsidiary of OCLC. This article describes the rationale and background of the acquisition, the overall vision of the information environment that is being pursued, and the benefits that libraries may experience as a result.

ICPSR Bibliography of Data-related Literature

This database contains over 24,000 citations of known published and unpublished works resulting from analyses of data held in the ICPSR archive. Developed with support from the National Science Foundation (SES-9977984), the bibliography represents over 40 years of scholarship in the quantitative social sciences, extending from the inception of ICPSR in 1962 to the present.

The literature includes journal articles, books, book chapters, government, and agency reports, working papers, dissertations, conference papers, meeting presentations, unpublished manuscripts, audiovisual materials, and electronic resources. When a publication is freely available online, the citation includes a link to the document.

This is an ongoing project that is being updated and expanded regularly. Additions and corrections are welcome. If one has published work that is based on ICPSR data, please send the citation using the online Bibliography Citation Submission form. A link to this form is also provided from the Bibliography home page.

E-STREAMS: Electronic reviews of Science & Technology References covering Engineering, Agriculture, Medicine and Science.

E-STREAMS is a collaborative venture between H. Robert Malinowsky of the University of Illinois at Chicago and Yankee Book Peddler (YBP) Library Services. E-STREAMS is free of charge and is available only in electronic form. Current issues and a full archive of E-STREAMS are maintained on the E-STREAMS Web site,

All reviews appearing in E-STREAMS are indexed in Book Review Index.

Recent reviews of possible interest to readers of JAHC include:

Vol. 5, No. 10, October, 2002

2148. Old Paint: A Medical History of Childhood Lead-Paint Poisoning in the United States to 1980, by Peter C. English. New Brunswick, NJ, Rutgers University Press, 2001.

Table of Contents:

Part I. Lead Poisoning before 1920
  • 1. Children and Lead before 1920 7
  • 2. The Queensland Epidemic 14
  • 3. The Scientific Study of the American Workplace 29
  • 4. Lead Hazards, Lead Safety, and Alice Hamilton 43

Part II. Gnawing Toddlers

  • 5. Children and the Lead Industries Association, 1925-1935 61
  • 6. Baltimore, Boston, and Robert Kehoe, 1930-1940 74

Part III. Peeling and Flaking Paint

  • 7. A 1950s Transformation 91
  • 8. The Urban Ecology 99
  • 9. New Therapies 114

Part IV. Industry and Public Health Responses

  • 10. One Percent Lead Content for Paint 123
  • 11. Urban Lead Programs of the 1950s and 1960s 130
  • 12. Children and Lead, 1960-1965 143

Part V. The New Ecology

  • 13. A "Submerged" National Epidemic 151
  • 14. Air Pollution and an Epidemic Redefined 163
  • 15. Dust, Dirt, and Mouthing in 1980 173
  • Epilogue 181
  • Notes 187
  • Index 243

Vol. 5, No. 9, September, 2002

2104. Histories of the Electron: The Birth of Microphysics, edited by Jed Z. Buchwald, Andrew Warwick. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press, 2001. 514p., bibliog., index. (Dibner Institute Studies in the History of Science and Technology).

Table of Contents:

I: Corpuscles and Electrons

  • 1. J. J. Thomson and the Electron, 1897-1899 21
  • 2. Corpuscles to Electrons 77
  • 3. The Questionable Matter of Electricity 101
  • 4. Paul Villard, J. J. Thomson, and the Composition of Cathode Rays 135

II: What Was the Newborn Electron Good For

  • 5. The Zeeman Effect and the Discovery of the Electron 171
  • 6. The Electron, the Protyle, and the Unity of Matter 195
  • 7. O. W. Richardson and the Electron Theory of Matter, 1901-1916 227
  • 8. Electron Gas Theory of Metals 255

III: Electrons Applied and Appropriated

  • 9. The Electron and the Nucleus 307
  • 10. The Electron, the Hole, and the Transistor 327
  • 11. Remodeling a Classic 339
  • 12. The Physicists' Electron and Its Appropriation by the Chemists 363

IV: Philosophical Electrons 401

  • 13. Who Really Discovered the Electron 403
  • 14. History and Metaphysics 425
  • 15. What Should Philosophers of Science Learn from the History of the Electron 451
  • 16. The Role of Theory in the Use of Instruments; Or, How Much Do We Need to Know about Electrons to Do Science with an Electron Microscope 467
  • Index 503

PADI: Preserving Access to Digital Information

New Publications and a Demonstrator on Digital Preservation

The Digital Preservation Testbed has recently posted a number of new publications about digital preservation on its Website.

The first publication is a White Paper entitled XML and Digital Preservation. This White Paper reports on the current status and recent preservation work being carried out with XML. XML stands for Extensible Mark-Up Language and is a world-wide format and language with great potential for the successful preservation of digital information.

The Testbed has further developed a demonstrator that shows how email can be saved and stored in a well-ordered and preservation-friendly manner. By making a number of adjustments to MS Outlook, every email User can have the basic set of tools to create and store durable and authentic emails. This is described in a new report, "Email - XML Demonstrator: A Technical Description."

"XML Implementation Options for Emails." is a paper given by Maureen Potter, one of the Testbed team, to a recent Erpanet workshop. This workshop was held in Urbino, Italy, where an international audience of archivists and preservation professionals met to discuss the current status and potential of XML for digital preservation.

RLG DigiNews

RLG DigiNews is a bimonthly Web-based newsletter intended to focus on issues of particular interest and value to managers of digital initiatives with a preservation component or rationale; provide filtered guidance and pointers to relevant projects to improve our awareness of evolving practices in image conversion and digital preservation; and announce publications (in any form) that will help staff attain a deeper understanding of digital issues.

Vol. 6, No. 5, October 15, 2002

"Exploring Charging Models for Digital Cultural Heritage."
The study was led by Brian Robinson, HEDS Service Manager, and the report written by Simon Tanner (HEDS) and Marilyn Deegan (Oxford University).

The purpose of this study (on behalf of the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation) was to investigate some of the underlying assumptions being made in the move from previously analog photographic services into the realm of digital capture and delivery, in particular to look at how marketable, cost efficient and income-stable the new digital services and resources are in comparison with previous methods.

The study, through interviews and comparative modeling of costs and fees charged, illuminated the differences in practice for the sale of analog versus digital formats.

The report includes information upon:

Survey results of 51 institutions from university, public and national libraries, plus museums and galleries.

Interview results from 15 institutional service providers (11 from the UK, 4 from mainland Europe).

How pricing structures are determined for delivering digital versions of rare or unique items in libraries, museums, archives and similar public institutions.

Evidence of how these digital pricing structures compare to those used for the delivery of the same or similar resources in analog form.

Explores the thresholds that determine the point at which an organization charges for the sale of content and other rights to their digital holdings and the reasons given for such charges.

This report aims to provide information which will aid the future decision making of funding agencies and project planning in deciding the relative merits of digital resources over analog in terms of their chargeable status and possible rights issues.

The Conclusions and Implications sections of this report identify the clear relationship between the gatekeeper function, the pricing policy and the assignment of revenue raised in the institutions accounting of whether a service is profitable or not. Future trends and further steps are also suggested.

The Long-term Preservation of Authentic Electronic Records: Findings of the InterPARES Project.

The task force report is available on the project's Web site. InterPARES is a multidisciplinary, collaborative research project, the goal of which is to develop the theoretical and methodological knowledge required for the permanent preservation of authentic electronic records.

Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography (SEPB)

by Charles W. Bailey, Jr. Version 43: 10/11/2002

The Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography (SEPB) was first published on October 25, 1996. This selective bibliography presents over 1,450 articles, books, and other printed and electronic sources that are useful in understanding scholarly electronic publishing efforts on the Internet. Most sources have been published between 1990 and the present; however, a limited number of key sources published prior to 1990 are also included. Where possible, links are provided to sources that are freely available on the Internet.

  • 1 Economic Issues (Last update: 10/11/2002)
  • 2 Electronic Books and Texts
  • 2.1 Case Studies and History (Last update: 8/12/2002)
  • 2.2 General Works (Last update: 10/11/2002)
  • 2.3 Library Issues (Last update: 6/21/2002)
  • 3 Electronic Serials
  • 3.1 Case Studies and History (Last update: 8/12/2002)
  • 3.2 Critiques (Last update: 10/11/2002)
  • 3.3 Electronic Distribution of Printed Journals (Last update: 8/12/2002)
  • 3.4 General Works (Last update: 10/11/2002)
  • 3.5 Library Issues (Last update: 10/11/2002)
  • 3.6 Research (Last update: 10/11/2002)
  • 4 General Works (Last update: 10/11/2002)
  • 5 Legal Issues
  • 5.1 Intellectual Property Rights (Last update: 10/11/2002)
  • 5.2 License Agreements (Last update: 6/21/2002)
  • 5.3 Other Legal Issues (Last update: 4/19/2002)
  • 6 Library Issues
  • 6.1 Cataloging, Identifiers, Linking, and Metadata (Last update: 10/11/2002)
  • 6.2 Digital Libraries (Last update: 10/11/2002)
  • 6.3 General Works (Last update: 10/11/2002)
  • 6.4 Information Integrity and Preservation (Last update: 10/11/2002)
  • 7 New Publishing Models (Last update: 10/11/2002)
  • 8 Publisher Issues (Last update: 10/11/2002)
  • 8.1 Digital Rights Management (Last update: 8/12/2002)
  • 9 Technical Reports and E-Prints (Last update: 10/11/2002)
  • Appendix A. Related Bibliographies
  • Appendix B. About the Author

Wise Guide

In conjunction with the second National Book Festival, The Library of Congress launched the Wise Guide Web magazine. The purpose of the new Web magazine is to introduce new users to the useful and educational resources available at The Library of Congress' Web site

The guide will be refreshed monthly with links to various topics of interest. For October, the guide features topics such as the American electoral system, an online exhibition of the first edition of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, a biography on Thomas Jefferson, and a site on the mysterious disappearance of the diaries of Walt Whitman. The Wise Guide is a project of the National Digital Library Program.