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Authors : Ryan Johnson, Lynn C. Westney
Title: E-Journals: Inside and Out [vol. 3, no. 1]
Publication info: Ann Arbor, MI: MPublishing, University of Michigan Library
April 2000

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Source: E-Journals: Inside and Out [vol. 3, no. 1]
Ryan Johnson, Lynn C. Westney

vol. 3, no. 1, April 2000
Article Type: E-Journals: Inside and Out

E-Journals - Inside and Out

Ryan Johnson and Lynn Hattendorf Westney, Co-Editors

In the field of Library and Information Science, the acronym SDI stands for Selective Dissemination of Information. The co-editors of this quarterly column on e-journals are two practicing academic reference librarians: Ryan Johnson, Reference and Electronic Services Librarian at Washington State University in Pullman, Washington and Lynn Hattendorf Westney, Associate Professor, Assistant Reference Librarian and Coordinator of Reference Collection Development at the University of Illinois at Chicago. They are selectively disseminating information on e-journals and their contents to the readers of The Journal of the Association for History and Computing (JAHC). Ryan brings to our attention e-journals of interest to scholars applying and studying information technology by providing a brief descriptive and evaluative annotation of each journal which he has chosen for inclusion. Lynn highlights and reviews individual articles in these and in others which she has identified as appropriate for our purposes. Together, this combined effort serves as an introductory SDI vehicle for our readers.

The Journal of the Association for History and Computing has as its focus the applications of computer and other electronic technologies into the historical profession. This is a field that is interdisciplinary in several ways. The applications of new technologies, particularly in academe, have been the focus of work by scholars in many disciplines, especially in education, history, and library and information science. These applications are not discipline-specific but rather, interdisciplinary. In order to make the best use of these technologies, we need to be open and receptive to the ideas presented in other journals and in other fields. Thus, an additional purpose of this column is to present this interdisciplinary research to the diverse readers of JAHC.

Contributed by Ryan Johnson:

The Big Hub

The Big Hub is a metasearch engine that simultaneously searches several different search engines. In addition to this rather common service it also has a searchable index of over 1,500 specialized search engines that list and describe web-based materials in a particular field. While there are now dozens, if not hundreds, of these specialized databases available on the Web, they are often difficult to find and identify. This tool provides access to them.

Jointly Administered Knowledge Environment (jake)

Jake is a service that contains information about online resources including journals, databases, search interfaces and textbooks and their relationship to each other. Currently, 162 databases are included. This is a very useful tool for identifying what databases index a particular title. The information also includes dates of coverage and level of content (i.e., whether or not full text is available). It is not intended to replicate or redistribute any e-source content but rather to facilitate access to and integration between the contents of many e-sources by appropriately relating metadata about e-resources and their contents.

To search jake one can use the web form at the homepage and search for any journal title. Over 21,000 prominent journals are cross-referenced and can be found by any of their title variations. Individual institutions can also create local search interfaces that will allow access to jake through their own webpages and also permits customized searching. Jake is hosted at the Cushing/Whitney Medical Library at Yale University.


Publist is a searchable database with information on over 150,000 journals, magazines and newsletters. This is a free online source that complements the more traditional print resources such as Ulrich's International Periodical Directory. It can be searched alphabetically and is browsable by broad subjects. It contains detailed publication information including titles, formats, publisher addresses, editor contacts, circulation data and ISSN numbers. It also provides access to subscription services and article level information through rights and permissions providers and document delivery services.

Internet Library of Early Journals (ILEJ)

ILEJ is a joint project by the Universities of Birmingham, Leeds, Manchester and Oxford under the auspices of the eLib (Electronic Library) Programme. The eventual plan is to digitize large runs of 18th and 19th century journals and make these images available on the Internet with their associated bibliographic data. The current stage of the project includes 20-year runs of three 18th century journals: Gentleman's Magazine, The Annual Register, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, and three 19th century journals: Notes and Queries, The Builder and Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine. This is a test project to discover the problems involved in such a program as well as the usage requirements. The 20-year runs are a critical mass of material for scholars. Additional titles and longer runs may be added later as resources become available.

These six journals were selected according to a set of criteria that included:

  • Perceived user demand in the United Kingdom higher education sector
  • Wide subject range, covering science and technology as well as the arts
  • Diversity of typefaces, print and paper quality
  • Diversity of article formats and page size
  • Use of illustrations (line drawing and half-tones)
  • Availability of copies in the consortium libraries

The search engine uses the full text of the articles as read by OCR. In order to overcome misreads by the software, two search options are available with one allowing for fuzzy searching which matches a string of letters that nearly match the search term to allow for errors. (To date The Builder and The Annual Register are not yet available for searching) All six journals have at least some issues available for browsing by year and issue.

This project could mark the first step in an organized process that would make public domain materials generally available without per use cost on the Internet. Project Guttenberg is pushing such an agenda for monographic materials but is not yet providing the searching capabilities of the Internet Library of Early Journals.

Contributed by Lynn Hattendorf Westney:

Australian Journals Online

This is a listing of over 1,700 Australian electronic journals, conference papers, magazines, webzines, newsletters and e-mail fanzines. It includes both local and overseas works with Australian content, authorship and/or emphasis as well as entries for sites which advertise or promote Australian journals.

Conference Papers

The full text of papers published and/or presented by Australian National Library staff at the following conferences/public forums are available online.

VALA 2000 - 10th VALA Biennial Conference and Exhibition, Melbourne,Victoria, 16 - 18 February, 2000

"Australian subject gateways - metadata as an agent of change," presented by Debbie Campbell, Manager Infrastructure Projects, Coordination Support Branch, 18 February 2000.

"The Challenge of Integrated Access: The Hybrid Library System of the Future," presented by Judith Pearce, Director Web Services Branch; Warwick Cathro, Assistant Director General, Information Technology Division; and Tony Boston, Director Digital Services Project.

"The Moving Frontier: Archiving, Preservation and Tomorrow's Digital Heritage," presented by Hilary Berthon, Manager National & International Preservation Activities and Colin Webb, Director Preservation Services Branch.

65th IFLA Council and General Conference, Bangkok, Thailand, 25 August 1999

"A window on to the world: Australian newspaper collecting in the National Library of Australia," presented by Amelia McKenzie, Senior Manager, Technical Services, at the Newspapers Round Table Open Session.

"Access to Asian Serials in Australian Libraries: Achievements and Challenges," presented by Andrew Gosling, Chief Librarian, Asian Collections.

"Current publishing and information trends in the Southeast Asian region: Indonesia- Freedom of the Press," presented by Oliver Mann, National Library of Australia Regional Officer Asia.

"National bibliography in Australia: moving into the next millennium," presented by Peter Haddad, Director, Technical Services Branch.

"The National Library of Australia's Rare Book and Manuscripts Collections, with special reference to the Asia-Pacific region," presented by Peter Haddad, Director, Technical Services Branch.

Archives at Risk: Accountability, Vulnerability and Credibility, the Australian Society of Archivists Annual Conference, Brisbane, Queensland, July 1999

ALIA Rare Books and Special Collections Special Interest Group 1999 Conference, University of Queensland Library, St.Lucia, Brisbane, Queensland, Wednesday 7 July 1999

EDUCAUSE in Australasia Conference, Sydney, New South Wales, 18-21 April 1999 Australian Map Circle 27th Annual Conference, Brisbane, Queensland, 5-8 April 1999

Information Online & On Disc '99 Conference, Darling Harbour, Sydney, 19-21 January 1999

"Digital Libraries : A National Library Perspective," presented by Warwick Cathro, Director, IT Division.

"International Subject Gateways: Towards a successful collaborative resource discovery mesh," presented by Debbie Campbell, Metadata Coordinator, Coordination Support Branch.

"Practical advice for preserving publications on disk," presented by Deborah Woodyard, Electronic Preservation.

EJOS: Electronic Journal of Oriental Studies (ISSN 0928-6802)

Devoted to the study of Arabic, Persian and Turkish languages and cultures. Articles published in HTML and PDF formats.

1999, Vol. 2, No. 1

"Russian Historiographical Tradition in Oriental Studies: the Arab Periphery of the Ottoman Empire," by Svetlana Kirillina. (Article in English)

E-STREAMS: Electronic Reviews of Science & Technology References covering Engineering, Agriculture, Medicine and Science

This e-journal contains reviews of books in these four broad fields. The reviews are written largely by librarians. The reviews in computing, engineering and the history of science should be especially interesting to readers of JAHC. Listed below are partial reviews of two recently published books.

January/February 2000, Vol. 3, No. 1

Review No. 627. History of Modern Computing, by Paul E. Ceruzzi. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press, 1999. 398p., illus., bibliog., index, ISBN 0-262-03255-4. $35.00. LC Call no.: QA76.17.C47 1999.

Reviewer: Peg O'Rourke, Library Director, Peru, Nebraska State College Library,

Table of Contents:

  1. The Advent of Commercial Computing, 1945-1956 13
  2. Computing Comes of Age, 1956-1964 47
  3. The Early History of Software, 1952-1968 79
  4. From Mainframe to Minicomputer, 1959-1969 109
  5. The Go-Go Years and the System/360, 1961-1975 143
  6. The Chip and Its Impact, 1965-1975 177
  7. The Personal Computer, 1972-1977 207
  8. Augmenting Human Intellect, 1975-1985 243
  9. Workstations, UNIX, and the Net, 1981-1995 281

Conclusion: The Digitization of the World Picture 307

Ceruzzi has devoted his academic research and professional life to the history of computers and computing. His solid account of the history of computers is organized, does not require technical knowledge, and is sufficiently comprehensive to recommend purchase by all interested individuals, as well as academic and public libraries.

December 1999, Vol. 2, No. 12

Review No. 598. Dictionary of Multimedia and Internet Applications: A Guide for Developers and Users, by Francis Botto. New York, NY, John Wiley & Sons, 1999. 362p., illus. ISBN 0-471-98624-0. $69.95. LC Call no.: TK5105.875.I57B64 1999.

Reviewer: Anne Prestamo, Coordinator of Digital Library Services, Oklahoma State University Edmon Low Library,

  • Containing over 2,500 references and 35 illustrations, this 362-page work explains new and emerging technologies, bridges the gap between definition and explanation, provides useful tradename information, and helps untangle the myriad acronyms prevalent in this field.
  • The work provides detailed definitions of terms and phrases related to the Internet, plus short articles explaining more complex topics. Entries span all aspects of graphics, sound, and data, with special emphasis on new and emerging areas such as electronic commerce, security, creating DVD discs and new business applications and services.
  • Definitions range in length from a single sentence up to multiple pages. This is not an in-depth, technical guide, but rather a first-stop source for basic definitions and information. It is important to note that spellings are British English; i.e. fibre optic. Although the book was published in early 1999, the content is already somewhat out of date. For example, there is no listing for MP3, nor for the H.323 protocol for streaming video. This book would be an excellent candidate for electronic publishing, allowing for periodic updates.

Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) Bibliography

This site is the result of a non-profit multinational volunteer effort to provide a free comprehensive online bibliography of the field of Human-Computer Interaction. Sources used include over 19,600 books and reports, journal articles, conference proceedings, and online publications. Each citation has complete bibliographic information, abstract, and Web link to the full-text version, if available. The complex search engine plus the scholarly nature of its content ensure that the HCI Bibliography will be more heavily used by members of the academic and technical communities, rather than HCI novices. Also included are Web links to related sites. Users can download all or part of the HCI Bibliography for local use free of charge.

The following is a list of all proceedings and journal volumes in the HCI Bibliography, categorized by year of publication. The total number of entries per year is based on a search of date fields.

  • 1999 ( 179 entries)
  • 1998 (1220 entries)
  • 1997 (1174 entries)
  • 1996 (1155 entries)
  • 1995 (1943 entries)
  • 1994 (1563 entries)
  • 1993 (2138 entries)
  • 1992 (1353 entries)
  • 1991 (1497 entries)
  • 1990 (1222 entries)
  • 1989 (1179 entries)
  • 1988 ( 932 entries)
  • 1987 (1006 entries)
  • 1986 ( 348 entries)
  • 1985 ( 323 entries)
  • 1984 ( 352 entries)
  • 1983 ( 201 entries)
  • 1982 ( 211 entries)
  • 1981 ( 72 entries)
  • 1980 ( 66 entries)
  • 1979 and before (447 entries)

RLG DigiNews (ISSN 1093-5371) (from North American, and other world sites) (from UK Janet sites) or (from most European sites)

RLG DigiNews is a bimonthly web-based newsletter intended to focus on issues of particular interest and value to managers of digital initiatives with a preservation component or rationale. It provides filtered guidance and pointers to relevant projects to improve awareness of evolving practices in image conversion and digital archiving. It announces publications (in any form) that will help users attain a deeper understanding of digital issues.

The beginning of RLG DigiNews' fourth year of publication ushers in an expansion in content. In addition to digitization initiatives, this issue and all subsequent issues will also address some aspect of the long-term retention of digital materials and digital preservation. RLG DigiNews will contain announcements and a current calendar of events.

February 2000, Vol. 4, No. 1

"The Persistence of Vision: Images and Imaging at the William Blake Archive," by the Editors and Staff.

A free site on the World Wide Web since 1996, the William Blake Archive was conceived as an international public resource that would provide unified access to major works of visual and literary art that are highly disparate, widely dispersed and increasingly difficult to gain access to as a result of their value, rarity, and extreme fragility. Currently

Eight American and British institutions and one major private collector have given the Archive permission to include thousands of Blake's images and texts without fees. Negotiations with additional institutions are underway.

The Archive contains fully searchable and scalable electronic editions of 39 copies of 18 of Blake's 19 illuminated books in the context of full bibliographic information about each work, painstaking diplomatic transcriptions of all texts, detailed descriptions of all images and extensive bibliographies.

When the longest illuminated book, Jerusalem (100 plates), appears, the Archive will contain at least one copy of every illuminated book printed by Blake and multiple copies of most. It will also feature a searchable new electronic version of David V. Erdman's Complete Poetry and Prose of William Blake, the standard printed edition for reference, and detailed hand-lists documenting the complete Blake holdings of the collections from which the contents are drawn. Blake's prodigious work outside the illuminated canon, notably watercolor and tempera paintings, drawings, individual engravings, and commercial book illustrations, as well as manuscripts, letters, and typographic materials will then be added. The full Archive will contain approximately 3,000 images.

The Blake Archive is the result of an ongoing five-year collaboration between its editors (Morris Eaves, Robert N. Essick, and Joseph Viscomi, based at the University of Rochester, the University of California, Riverside, and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, respectively) and the Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities (IATH) at the University of Virginia.

"Economies of Scale: Digitizing the Chicago Daily News," by Matthew Cook, Rights and Reproductions, Chicago Historical Society.

In August of 1998, the Chicago Historical Society (CHS), the New-York Historical Society and the Library of Congress were awarded $520,000 from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation for a three-year cooperative digitization project. The project's goal is to digitize and catalog for incorporation into the National Digital Library photographic collection materials from the two historical societies. At CHS, the grant is funding the digitization and cataloging of 55,000 glass plate negatives from the Chicago Daily News photo morgue, ranging in date from 1900 to 1929. This article presents some of the methods that were employed to increase production and reduce costs while meeting the digitization standards established by the library and museum communities.

Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography

This bibliography presents selected articles, books, electronic documents, and other sources that are useful in understanding scholarly electronic publishing efforts on the Internet and other networks. Most sources have been published between 1990 and the present; however, a limited number of key sources published prior to 1990 are also included. Where possible, links are provided to sources that are available via the Internet.

1 Economic Issues (Last update: 2/16/2000)

2 Electronic Books and Texts

  • 2.1 Case Studies and History (Last update: 2/16/2000)
  • 2.2 General Works (Last update: 2/16/2000)
  • 2.3 Library Issues (Last update: 2/16/2000)

3 Electronic Serials

  • 3.1 Case Studies and History (Last update: 2/16/2000)
  • 3.2 Critiques (Last update: 2/1/1999)
  • 3.3 Electronic Distribution of Printed Journals (Last update: 2/16/2000)
  • 3.4 General Works (Last update: 2/16/2000)
  • 3.5 Library Issues (Last update: 2/16/2000)
  • 3.6 Research (Last update: 2/16/2000)

4 General Works (Last update: 2/16/2000)

5 Legal Issues

  • 5.1 Intellectual Property Rights (Last update: 2/16/2000)
  • 5.2 License Agreements (Last update: 2/16/2000)
  • 5.3 Other Legal Issues (Last update: 12/8/1999)

6 Library Issues

  • 6.1 Cataloging, Classification, and Metadata (Last update: 2/16/2000)
  • 6.2 Digital Libraries (Last update: 2/16/2000)
  • 6.3 General Works (Last update: 2/16/2000)
  • 6.4 Information Conversion, Integrity, and Preservation (Last update: 2/16/2000)

7 New Publishing Models (Last update: 2/16/2000)

8 Publisher Issues (Last update: 10/1/1999)

  • 8.1 Electronic Commerce/Copyright Systems (Last update: 2/16/2000)

Appendix A. Related Bibliographies

Technology and Culture

Technology and Culture is dedicated to the historical study of technology in its relationships with society and culture. Although it is a journal of history, it is inclined toward an interdisciplinary view and publishes the work of historians, anthropologists, engineers, scientists, museum curators, archivists, sociologists, and others, on topics ranging from architecture to agriculture to aeronautics. It is an international journal, with a significant number of contributors and subscribers from outside the United States. Selected articles from back issues are available online. Beginning with the July 1998 issue, Technology and Culture is available online (via subscription) from the John Hopkins University Press' Project Muse.

January 2000, Vol. 41, No. 1

  • "Peasants into Pilots: Soviet Air-Mindedness as an Ideology of Dominance," by Scott W. Palmer.
  • "Crossing the Interface From R&D to Operational Use: The Case of the European Meteorological Satellite," by John Krige.
  • "'The Bus is Young and Honest': Transportation Politics, Technical Choice, and the Motorization of Manhattan Surface Transit, 1919-1936," by Zachary Schrag.
  • (Research Note)
  • "The Evolution and Acceptance of the Loose Leaf Accounting System, 1885-1935," by Charles W. Wootton and Carel M. Wolk.
  • "The Arts of the Motorcycle: Biology, Culture, and Aesthetics in Technological Choice," by Steve Thompson. (Review essay)
  • "Technology as Addiction," by Tony Barnstone. (Commentary)