Page  00000001 Studio F at the Czech Radio in Prague: Studio Report Libor Zajicek Abstract The history, activities, and infrastructure of Studio F the only professional electroacoustic music studio currently operational in the Czech Republic at the Czech Radio in Prague are outlined. 1. History The origin of Studio F or the Audiostudio as it was known from the time of its establishment in 1988 until 1994 -has peculiar origins. During the communist regime and before its collapse in the fall of 1989 (the revolution, as it is known in the Czech Republic), communist political officials had themselves built a congress hall (Palace of Culture) for their annual meetings in Prague. As part of their wish to have these meetings broadcast, the Communists thus procured themselves a recording studio in the Palace of Culture: the Audiostudio. The studio did not really have an official title, but was referred to as such, Audiostudio, by artists who in semi-secrecy composed, or wanted to compose electroacoustic music there. (During Communism, electroacoustic music was not a popularly supported art form!i) After the collapse of Communism, the Audiostudio was relocated to the Czech Radio's building in Prague' s suburb of Karlin. In 1990, electroacoustic music production was freely (without political suppression) begun at the Audiostudio, which had two objectives: production of musical and literary projects. The Audiostudio was and still is financed by the Czech Radio, and produces electroacoustic music which is broadcast by the Czech Radio. The studio is serviced by a technical staff of the Czech Radio. From 1990 to 1994, Jan Jirasek was the studio's coordinator, and Antonin Nemec was the technician. Since 1994, the studio's coordinator has been Radek Rejsek, and the technician has been Milan Krivohlavy. From 1994 to 1996, the creation of electroacoustic music almost ceased to exist due to financial difficulties. However, at the beginning of 1997 Studio F resumed its electroacoustic music production activities. Compositions, as are all projects produced at Studio F, are commisioned by the Czech Radio. The studio's instrumentation is continually being upgraded. The music is currently disseminated through radio broadcasting, although efforts to produce a CD are also in progress. The electroacoustic compositions, so far numbering over 100, are archived with a label and number at the Czech Radio in Prague. The studio's staff has two important goals. One, they would like to improve the technical level of the Audiostudio' s equipment to that of other European studios; two, by inviting composers who have never before composed electroacoustic music, the staff hopes to raise the awareness of this genre, and increase the number of composers composing electroacoustic music. Sadly, Studio F is currently the only professional electroacoustic music studio operational in the Czech Republic. 2. Goal Studio F continues in the long held Czech Radio tradition of working with sound as a specific phenomenon (ars acustica). Studio F is not an independent studio as part of the radio's infrastructure, but fulfils the needs of the radio's Artistic, Methodological, and Coordinate Center. Studio F initiates, supports, and produces experimental sound projects. With each project, the studio's staff verifies the artist' s aesthetic concepts prior to production. 3. Studio F's Activities The studio's activities include: - the production of autonomous electroaLcoustic and computer music compositions; - the production of dramatic/experimental projects, including experimental drama, sound poetry, etc.; - the production of experimentally recorded music;

Page  00000002 - the production of non-traditional film music; - the production of sound effects; - the production of sound editing and processing; In addition, Studio F fulfills the following: - the broadcasting of the studio's projects; - the research in new audio technology; - the cooperation with outside institutions; - the production of multimedia projects. 4. Studio F in the Czech Radio's Infrastructure Studio F is an integral part of the Czech Radio's infrastructure. It is not an independent studio. In regards to the organization of its activities, the studio is controlled by the dramaturg of the Czech Radio. In regards to its technical and technological support, the studio is controlled and operated by the head of the technical department of the Czech Radio. 5. Activities' Plans The Board of the studio plans its activities during September/October during the year prior to the next according to its technical and financial possibilities. The annual plan is realized in quarterly time periods. Plans are submitted to the Board by the coordinator for approval. In regards to the technical aspect of each project, the coordinator submits each proposal to the head of the technical department for approval. 6. Conditions for a Project's Realization Each proposed project must meet the following criteria for its realization. - obtain a 2/3 approval by the Board; - obtain the financial support needed for its realization, be that internal from the Czech Radio or by external means, such as grants or sponsorship; - establish a time of its broadcasting prior to its realization; - be accompanied with additional documentation necessary to produce the project (i.e., score, etc.) 7. Organization of Studio F Studio F consists of and employs the following people/groups of people. 7.1. Technicians/employees of Studio F The number of technicians needed to produce a project is dependent upon the needs of each artist and his/her project. A production team is established prior to the production of each project. 7.2. Board of Studio F Members of the Board of Studio F are appointed by the Czech Radio's dramaturg upon the recommendation of the Czech Radio's director. Members of the Board consist of selected technicians working at the Czech Radio. Their roles are: - to initiate and support the creation of experimental sound projects at the Czech Radio; - to formulate and maintain the criteria for the art projects produced; - to evaluate the projects' proposals; - to establish an annual and quarterly plan for Studio F; - to supervise the broadcasting of projects; - to supervise the purchasing of related literature; - to publish the projects' and sound experimentations' results.

Page  00000003 7.3. Coordinator of Studio F The coordinator of Studio F is appointed by the dramaturg of the Czech Radio, and is a member of the Board. His duties include: - to supervise the studio's activities; - to coordinate activities among Studio F and those of other studios at the Czech Radio; - to coordinate the cooperation with other external institutions and experts; - to propose the artistic projects for approval; - to be in charge of the publication of Studio F's activities. 7.4. Technician of Studio F The technician of Studio F is appointed by the head of the technical department of the Czech Radio, and is a member of the Board. He is responsible for each project's technical superiority. His duties include: - to supervise the studio's acquisition of instruments and technical equipment; - to purchase new instrumentation; - to maintain a coordinated contact with the technical support department responsible for the maintenance of Studio F; - to partake in the production of each project; - to propose the establishment of contacts with external technical experts and institutions; - to supervise the publication of the studio's technical and technological research. Appendix: Instrumentation of Studio F (1997) 1 mixing console 1 Studer S 903 with Audio Kinetics MX 644 Mastermix 1 Studer A 820 multichannel tape recorder with Dolby A System 1 Studer A 80 tape recorder with Dolby A System 1 Studer A 807 tape recorder with Dolby A System 1 Studer A 807 tape recorder 1 Sony Betamax SL HF 950 with Sony PCM 701 processor 1 Sony R DAT 1 Yamaha Rev 5 digital reverberator 1 Yamaha Rev 7 digital reverberator 1 Lexicon PCM 70 digital processor 1 Yamaha SPX 90 II multi effect processor 1 Peavey Addverb digital processor 1 Roland VP 70 voice processor 1 Yamaha R100 reverb processor Genelec 1022B Triamp Nivox Model 4 1 Atari Mega ST 4; software: Steinberg Pro 24, Steinberg Synth Works DX TX, Steinberg Synth Works D 50, C Lab X Analyzer, C Lab Notator, and Roland MC 500 MkII Micro Composer 1 Roland KR 3000 1 Roland D 50 1 Yamaha DX-7 IID 1 Roland D 110 1 YamahaTX-802 1 Yamaha TX-16 W Sampler 1 Kurzweil 1000 SX String Expander 1 1 Roland TR 626 Rhythm Composer 1 Steinberg SMP 24 SMPTE MIDI processor