Page  506 ï~~The Center for Research in Electronic Art Technology (CREATE), University of California, Santa Barbara JoAnn Kuchera-Morin, Stephen Travis Pope, Kenneth Fields Center for Research in Electronic Art Technology (CREATE) Dept. of Music, University of California, Santa Barbara Santa Barbara, California, 93106 USA {musjkm, stp, ken}@ Abstract This studio report describes the philosophy, facilities, and technical and musical activities at the Center for Research in Electronic Art Technology (CREATE) of the University of California, Santa Barbara. More detailed information can be found on our Web site at 1. Introduction to CREATE The Center for Research in Electronic Art Technology (CREATE) supports teaching, artistic production, and research/development activities in the field of electroacoustic and computer music. CREATE was established in 1984 and was previously called the Center for Computer Music Research and Composition (CCMRC). Works realized at CREATE are regularly performed at prestigious festivals and conferences world-wide---for example the International Computer Music Conference, the Bourges Festival, Ars Electronica, the Venice Biennale, and the ACM SIGGRAPH Exhibition. CREATE facility consists of a multimedia center with several kinds of studios and work-places. The two best-equipped rooms are a professional-level eight-track digital recording and monitoring studio, and a multiroom quadraphonic software sound synthesis suite. The equipment in the CREATE includes Sun Microsystems, Silicon Graphics, and NeXT computers-used with the digital sound synthesis and mixing software-Apple Macintosh computers--used with the MIDI equipment--and an eight-channel "AudioFrame" digital audio processing studio, used for mixing and post-production. 2 The CREATE Philosophy The computer music center at UCSB was originally housed in the engineering building, where we used a DEC VAX computer to run the UCSD CARLlcmusic software. During the late-1980s, we were able to set up two professional-grade (e.g., with false floors, acoustically treated walls, and special air conditioning fans) quadraphonic studios, and to equip them with "highend" audio playback systems (e.g., B&W speakers). While cmusic remains our primary teaching tool for direct sound synthesis (primarily because of the exist ence of F. R. Moore's book Elements of Computer Music), we have made it our mission to provide a wellequipped studio for many different styles of working with electroacoustic sound and multimedia art. As a result of this, we have attempted to build a studio with both real-time (i.e., MIDI) and non-real-time (i.e., software DSP) facilities. We provide several kinds of UNIX-based sound synthesis and processing software (e.g., cmusic, cmix, MixViews, SynthBuilder, and MODE), and a variety of Macintosh-based MIDI tools (Performer, Max, Deck, SoundHack, Metro, Galaxy, Finale, Director, VideoShop, etc.). We also teach and use the AudioFrame eight-track sampler/mixer extensively. 3. CREATE Facilities Figure i on the next page shows the rough configuration of the CREATE network with its assortment of UNIX servers and workstations and Macintosh and IBM-PC-compatible personal computers. We are in the process of upgrading our networking so as to support full FDDI speeds (100 Mbit/s) between the studios. The Music Department maintains a separate computer music instruction laboratory with an array of MIDI-equipped Macintosh computers, and there is another MIDI lab in the UCSB Media Center. 4. CREATE Courses and Projects Several sequences of courses are offered at the undergraduate and graduate levels to composition majors, other students of the music department, and visitors from other departments. The courses include (a) a 3-term introduction to direct software sound synthesis using the center's UNIX computer network with various music programming languages, and (b) a 3-term hands-on production and performance classes using Apple Macintosh computers and several kinds of MIDI synthesizers and real-time software packages. Researchers at CREATE are involved in several ongoing funded R&D projects in the areas of multimedia computing, web content authoring, CD-ROM production, and software tools for music. CREATE developers have been involved in creating widely used multimedia software tools (e.g., the MixViews package by Douglas Scott) and web content (e.g., the HARP project by Ken Kuchera-Morin et al. 506 ICMC Proceedings 1996

Page  507 ï~~Fields and Nathan Freitas). We are also involved in the 4-campus Next-Generation Networked Multimedia project (see for details). As part of this project, we are working on multirate media data transfer, parallel multiprocessor scheduling for media computing, and other tasks. 5. CREATE Production CREATE's heritage is as a production studio, and it has not lost that flavor. Recent compositional projects have included Ph.D. student Anne Deane's work for tape and percussion, Slammin' (which will be performed at this year's ICMC), as well as works by composers JoAnn Kuchera-Morin, Paris Psaros, Ken Fields, Nathan Research/production offices Freitas, Jeremy Haladyna, and many student works. The center also collaborates with the Ensemble for Electroacoustic Music (E2M) in regular performances of contemporary electroacoustic and computer music. 6. CREATE's Plans We are in the process of expanding to meet the challenge of 21st-century multimedia art. We are involved in multimedia projects with the UCSB Art Studio, and industrial partners from several areas. 7. For More Information For more information, visit the CREATE Web Site at; it describes the center, its staff, and the projects that are currently under-way. flim---SlGIndy WWW/compute server 2 GB disk 2-channel audio I/O Video I/O 2 Audix speakers YXlL--Sun SPARC Ultra Compute server 2 GB disk, CD-ROM, etc. 2-channel audio I/O 2 JBLspeakers Ii rimg-NeXT Turbo slab Sound I/O + X server Dubbing studio 2 GB disk 4 + 2-channel audio I/O (quad tango +stereo jitterbug) 4 JBL speakers Soundcraft mixer + patch bay DAT, R-to-R, cassette, etc. I Ethernet-TCP/IP + AppleTalk - I Class room/ user room Smba---NeXT Turbo cube Mlz-NeXT Turbo slab Ljn -HDS X Terminal Bossa-Macintosh PowerPC S--Macintosh Quadra Fng--Macintosh II User GUI workstations JBL + Audix speakers Mackie mixers + patch bay, DAT, etc. MIDI I/O, synths, samplers, processors Machine room E1 t--NeXT Turbo cube File server 2 GB disk (home dirs.) Tangi--S un SPARCserver Compute + DAC/ADC server Disk farm--sndl-6, 6 GB Quad DAC/ADC Production studio 5 PQ~km-Turbo NeXT slab Tai-Macintosh PowerPC ChaCh--486 Wintel PC AudioFrame 8-channel sampler/mixer 4 B&W speakers AHB mixer + patch bay MIDI I/O synths, samplers Slow-HtDS X Terminal 2-channel audio I/O Video I/O 2 Hemisphere speakers UCSB Internet Backbone Figure 1. CREATE Network Configuration ICMC Proceedings 1996 507 Kuchera-Morin et al.