Page  512 ï~~Subject Index A Abstraction.............. Abstraction / Reality Continuum... Academia/Industry Cooperation... Accent................... Acousmatic................ Acousmatic Music........... Acoustic Output............. Acoustics of Human Voice....... Acoustics of Musical Instruments 1 423, 435, 481, 485 Adaptive Accompaniment....... Adaptive Harmonization........ Adaptive Systems............ Additive Synthesis..............251 23.503 83.... 23... 213... 483. 356, 357, 483 85, 407,411,419, 70.121.131 333, 364, 368 B Babbitt, Milton.... Beat Induction... Beat-Finding..... Beat-Tracking..... Belief-Structures... Binaural........ Blind Decomposition Boulez, Pierre.... College...78,80.85 85,88,90 19.477.311 ~7.499 Bretton Hall University C Cage, John................. Calibration................ Castrato.................. CCRMA................ Cepstrum................. Chaos................... Chaos Theory............... Chirp................. Cognition - see Music Cognition Â~. 7. 433. 357. 490 42, 361 209,386.. 209. 333 Aesthetics, Philosophy and Criticism 2, 3, 19, 23, 27, 31, 102, 202 Agogics..........................102 AI - see Artificial Intelligence in Music Algorithmic Composition.... 121, 239, 266, 394 -, Interaction in................ 142 Algorithms.......................255 Allpass Filter Design................407 Allpass Filters....................376 Alternate Controllers..............163,171 Analog Signal Processing.............. 435 Animation..................... 11, 220 APPLI20 Development Tools............230 Application Programming..............230 Artificial Intelligence in Music 42, 70, 85, 95, 109,114, 121,125, 129, 131, 151,185,297,368 Audification- see Auralization Audio Analysis and Re-Synthesis 138, 230, 237, 307, 327, 331,333, 338, 344, 348, 352, 356, 357, 368, 433, 463, 481 Audio Compression..................451 Audio Hardware Design 200, 335, 364, 435, 443, 447, 451 Audio Signal Processing Techniques 85, 200, 220, 237, 239, 284, 307, 311, 319, 327, 331, 333, 335, 344, 352, 357, 361, 372, 376, 378, 382, 394, 423, 431, 433, 435, 455, Cognition - see also Psychoacoustics, Perception, Comb Filters.......................378 Commom Music....................266 Common Lisp.....................216 Communication..................447,451 Communication, Intermedial............190 Communication, Transmedial.........187,190 Composition, Compositions... 7,27, 255, 495,501 Composition Systems and Techniques 3,11,131,142, 187,192, 209,213, 224, 241, 255, 256, 272, 394 Computer Assisted Composition........3,394 Computer Assisted Learning............ 38 Computer Choreography.............. 187 Computer Music Aesthetics..............19 Computer Music Centers.............. 506 Computer Music Curricula........487, 499, 501 Computer Music in Inter-Arts Facilities..... 493 Computer Music Production............488 Conical Bore.......................423 Constraints Programming..............270 Controllers................... 443 Controllers - see also Interactive Performance Convolution..................319,338, 477 Cross Synthesis................-338 Csound....................... 239,467 Curriculum Development..............499 Curriculum - see also Computer Music Curricula. D Dance.......................177,187 Data Glove........................151 463, 467, 483, 507 Audio Software Design... Auditory Distance Perception Auralization............. Automated Composition.... Automatic Music Performance. Automatic Transcription.... Autoregressive Modeling.... avantgarde (Record Label).... 284. 46 280,455. 202. 109. 52. 331. 506 Subject index 512 ICMC Proceedings 1994

Page  513 ï~~Data Structures - see Music Data Structures Database.......................357, 481 Decomposition................... 311, 348 Decorrelation..................... 319 Denoise..........................344 Development Tool.................. 284 Didactics......................... 487 Diffusion Methods and Systems. 280, 352, 455, 463, 467,475,477,479 Digital Audio Networking..............506 Digital Reproduction..................485 Digital Signal Processing-- see Audio Signal Processing Disability/Disabled Interface Control........183 Gesture Sensor............ Grammar............... Granular Synthesis.......... Graph.................. Graphical Editor............. Graphical User Interface....... GUI - see Graphical User Interface H Handwritten Music.......... Haptic Interface............. History of Electroacoustic Music. Horn Reflectance........... Human Factors............ Human Interface............. Human Touch.............. Human-Machine Interaction.... Human-Machine Interface...... Hybridization.............. Hyperinstruments............ 196 297. 138. 297. 284 276,467 Disklavier............... Distributed Object Systems............ Domain Transfer.................... DSP - see Audio Signal Processing Techniques Dynamic Patching................... Dynamic Systems.................. Dynamics....................... 192 228 209 216 386 129.......293...... 167...... 202.419. 163. 151,171,311.... 196 159, 213, 255, 368 196.348 183 E Electroacoustic Music.. Electronic Music Studio Ensemble Accompaniment. Entrainment........ Ethernet............. Evolution............. Experimental Evaluation.. Expression........... F FFT............ FFT / IFFT.......... Filter, Kalman........ Filtering............. First Reflections........ Foot-Tapping......... Force Feedback........ - Gestural Control.... Force Reflection....... Fractional Delay....... Frames.............. Functional Programming. Future of Computer Music. Fuzzy............ I IBM Computer Music Center............ 503 Image Motion Synthesis - see Animation 95, 102, 495 504 Image Shift. 63 Image Warping............. 90 Imitation.................. 447 Improvisation.............. 138 Impulse Response........... 159 Input Devices..............,109, 251 Instruction of Computer Engineers Instrument Design.......... Integration................ 311, 333 Inter-arts................... 338 Interactive Control............ 331 Interactive Genetic Algorithms... 431 Interactive Notation System.... 319.... 327 27 131... 477 159.... 487. 171, 200 35.... 493.... 163.... 142.... 293 31,60,63,70, 78, 80, 83, 85,. 475 88, 90, 92 167, 171... 11. 167. 423. 270 243. 2. 297 Interactive Performance Systems. 102, 144, 147, 151, 159,163, 167, 171,175, 177, 181,183,185, 187, 190, 192, 196, 200, 230, 237, 368, 435, 443,495 Intonation..................... 102, 185 Inverse Problem.....................311 IRCAM Perspectives...................228 IRCAM Signal Processing Workstation.... 216 IRIS............................ 507 ISDN............................451 ISEE............................ 159 ISPW.......................216,228,338 J Jazz Improvisation.............131 G GamakaTechnique. Genetic Algorithms Gestalt, Temporal.. Gesture......... 175 131, 138, 142 151, 190 Subject Index 513 ICMC Proceedings 1994

Page  514 ï~~K Kalman Filter......... Kant.............. Karplus-Strong Algorithm... Kohonen Self-Organizing Maps. 331 *. 52 372, 378.. 42 L Lagged Embedding. Lambda Calculus. Landscape...... Larynx........ Lasers......... Learning....... Lichtharp...... Ligeti, Gy~rgy... Linear Prediction.. Linear Prediction.. Listening....... Live Electronic... Live Performer... Localization Cues. Loudness....... 327 243 31 483 177 95 177.7 230 433 38 * 31. 31 479 46 M Machine Learning............95,131,142, 293 Machine Recognition of Audio.......70,85,307 Machine Recognition of Music 52, 60,102,121,185, 297 Man-Machine Interaction - see Human-Machine MARS Workstation.............230,237, 507 Max........................ 163, 338 Mel-Cepstrum.......................42 Melodic Interpolations................ 121 Meter.............................90 Meter Determination..................52 Metric Grouping....................52 Microstructural Representation of Sound... 202 MIDI Applications. 102,159,181, 220,224,237,276, Multimedia.............144,187,220,280,493 Multiple Feedback Delay Networks.........378 Multiple Solutions...................386 Multirate DSP..................364,372 Music Analysis.......3, 7, 23, 95,102,109,121, 352 Music and Graphics. 11, 220,272,276,284,286,327 Music Cognition............27,50,78,80,260 Music Cognition - see also Psychoacoustics, Perception, Cognition Music Data Structures and Representations 11, 35, 52, 102,131,256,260,266,270,286,327,443 Music Editing Systems................ 303 Music Education............38,490, 495, 497 Music Education - for Engineers.........487 Music Generation...................260 Music Grammars....................102 Music Languages 102, 216, 230, 243, 251, 255, 266, 270 Music Notation and Printing... 286, 293, 297, 303 Music Representations - see Music Data Structures 443 Music Research...................504 MusicTheory.................... 202 Music Workstations 102, 220,228, 230, 237, 239, 241, 272,276,284,335,435,507 Musical Application.................216 Musical Knowledge Interpretation..........95 Musical Object Development Environment.. 241 Musical Structure...................95 Musicology......................352 N Network Protocol..................443 Networking......................447 Neural Generator..................129 Neural Networks.. 42,109,114,121,125,129, i51, 368 Noise Simulation....................386 Non-linear Prediction................ 433 Non-Linearity..................... 411 Notation.........................286 Notation - see also Music Notation and Printing Notation System................. 187,190 Novelty...........................27 0 Object Oriented Programming - see OOP OCR......................... 293 Off-Line Blending with Real-Time......... 255 OnCE-Forth..................... 200 OOP.................... 228, 260, 266 - Application Framework............ 220 - Orientation................... 284 Optimisation..................... 364 Ornamentation................... 175 307,382,402,447,451 MIDI, Limitations of. MIDI Protocol...... MIDI-controllers.... MIDI-Share....... MODE......... Modeling......... - Syncopation.... -Tempo........ -Timing........ MOOcode........ Morphing........ Movement........ - Notation....... ~2.443....163.447.241.431 92 92... Â~92.224 327, 329, 348.190.187 Multi-Processor Network.............. 382 Subject Index 514 ICMC Proceedings 1994

Page  515 ï~~Oscillation.................90 Output Phase Space.................209 Overlap-Add (OLA).................361 P Paradigms of Computer Music...........202 Parallel Processing.................. 382 Passivity......................... 411 Pattern Description.................266 Pattern..........................60 - Matching.......................60 - Recognition....................114 - Recognition, Syntactic.............297 Pen-Based.......................286 Perception - see also Psychoacoustics, Perception, Cognition Perception.......................344 Perception, Cognition.............. 85, 109 Perception of Pitch.................. 114 Percussion.......................481 Performance - see Interactive Performance Systems Performance Analysis.............. 95,352 Performance, Hyperinstruments..........183 Performance Interfaces. 50, 102,144, 159, 167,171, 192, 196, 276, 307,402 Quantification.......................52 Quantization.......................52 R Radio Drum...................192 Real-Time Composition................147 Real-Time control....................31 Real-Time Music..................... 2 Real-Time Systems 85, 144, 147, 200, 216, 228, 307, 335, 356, 361, 364, 382, 435, 447, 451,471,475 Reasearch Method. 27 Performance Model Performance Practice Perspectives of Compul ter Music.... Phase Space Analysis............ Phase Vocoder............... Phonos.................... Physical Modeling 11, 167, 372, 386, 398, 419, 423, 433, 455, 463 - of Piano Hammer.......... - of Voice................. Piano Strings................. Pipe Organ................ Pitch Adjustment............. Pitch Bend.................. Pitch Duration............... - Extraction............... - Perception............... Plates.................... Portable Systems............... Power Glove................. Precedence Effect............. Progress................... Psychoacoustics................... 144.... 352....2... 209 357 488 402, 407, 411, Recognition....................286,356 Reflections, Wall................ 477 Representation - see Music Data Structures Reproduction.................... 319 Research................ 490, 497, 503, 504 Research and Composition.............499 Reverberation.............. 46,376 Rhythm.....................52,88,90 Rhythm Generator................. 129 Rhythm Perception..............78,80, 125 Rhythm Pulse Perception...............83 Rhythm Tracking...................85 Room Acoustics. 319,376,455,463,467,475,477,479 Rule-Based Models.................. 80 Rule-Based Sonic Design.............. 202 S Salience.........................83 Sample Rate Conversion..............372 Schr6dinger......................419 Score............................272 Score Following.....................63 Scoring..................... 286,303 Segmentation.................7,60,357 Self-Organisation............398 Self-Organising Neural Network..........125 SensorLab.......................147 Sequential Memory..................125 SGI computer.....................471 Shakuhachi.......................196 Short-Time-Fourier-Transform............333 Sieves........................... 3 Signal Processing - see Audio Signal Processing Techniques......................... Similarity.......................398 Singing Analysis..............70 Singing Synthesis....................483 Singing Voice....................356,357 Software concepts...................213 Software Tools.....................467. 411. 230 407. 485. 70. 175...o35. 307. 114. 407 200 159 319. 27 398,467 8, 42, 46, 319, 344,.. 479 Psychoacoustics, Perception, Cognition 35, 31 50, 78, 80, 85, 95, 109, 114, 125, 129, 159, 213, 398, 451,467 Q Quadraphonic Playback........... Sonification - see Auralization Sound Libraries............ 280 Subject Index 515 ICMC Proceedings 1994

Page  516 ï~~Sound Synthesis Languages.......239,241,256 Sound Synthesis Methods 11,159,202,230,276, 327, 329, 331, 335, 348, 364, 368, 372, 378, 382, 386, 394, 402,407, 411, 419, 423, 435, 455, 471 Trumpet......................147,431 Tuning of Keyboard..................185 Tuning Systems Software...............50 U Sound Transformation.. Soundlab......... Source Recognition... - Separation....... Spatial Localization... Spatial Models....... Spatial Perception.... Spatialization........ Special Talk........ Spectral Transformations. Speech Recognition... Stability........... STFT........... Stiffness........... Stochastic.......... Structural Hearing.... Structural Levels.......327.200 23.311.479.260.46,319.467,475 ~2....361 70.386.333.407 ~3 95 95 University Music Education.......... University of Helsinki............... University of Illinois............... University of Michigan............. User Interface................... User Interface - see Graphical User Interface 499 504 501 493 402 V Video........ Video Digitizer... Virtual Beams... Virtual Community Virtual Reality... Virtual Space..... Visual Languages. VLSI........ -, Custom..... 493 144 177. 224 280,455 479 243 435. 507 Studio Report... 488,490,493,495,497, 499, 501, 503,504,506,507 Synchronization................63,181 Synthesis Control.................. Synthesis - see Sound Synthesis Methods Synthesizer Controller............. T 1, 220 443 167 w Wave Shaping.. Waveguide.... - Synthesis... Wavelet........ Wearable Systems Widget....... World View.... X Xenakis, lannis........... 327 376,407,411,423,433.419...... 344,352...200.284.3,19..7 Tactile Feedback..... Taxonomy of Sound. Techno Music....... Temperament........ Tempo Curve........ Texas A&M University. Theremin Center..... Timbre........... - Analysis........ - Classification.... - Composition...... - Control......... - Space.......... Time Warp.......... Time-Frequency Analysis Time-Shifting........ Time-Varying Filters... Tonality........... Touch Effect........ Touch-Sensitive....... Transcription........ Transformation....... Transmission........ Transputer...........171.270.224.185.251.497..495 38,42, 329, 481..481..481..202.151.159..251..329....335..411.35..485..485.175 23..451..382 z Zentrum Fur Kunst und MedienTechnologie 506 ZKM...........................506 Subject Index 516 ICMC Proceedings 1994